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US20030201528A1 - Flip-chip die and flip-chip package substrate - Google Patents

Flip-chip die and flip-chip package substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
US20030201528A1
US20030201528A1 US10064062 US6406202A US2003201528A1 US 20030201528 A1 US20030201528 A1 US 20030201528A1 US 10064062 US10064062 US 10064062 US 6406202 A US6406202 A US 6406202A US 2003201528 A1 US2003201528 A1 US 2003201528A1
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Prior art keywords
pad
pads
bump
ring
die
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Abandoned
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US10064062
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Chi-Hsing Hsu
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VIA Technologies Inc
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VIA Technologies Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L23/00Details of semiconductor or other solid state devices
    • H01L23/48Arrangements for conducting electric current to or from the solid state body in operation, e.g. leads, terminal arrangements ; Selection of materials therefor
    • H01L23/50Arrangements for conducting electric current to or from the solid state body in operation, e.g. leads, terminal arrangements ; Selection of materials therefor for integrated circuit devices, e.g. power bus, number of leads
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L23/00Details of semiconductor or other solid state devices
    • H01L23/52Arrangements for conducting electric current within the device in operation from one component to another, i.e. interconnections, e.g. wires, lead frames
    • H01L23/522Arrangements for conducting electric current within the device in operation from one component to another, i.e. interconnections, e.g. wires, lead frames including external interconnections consisting of a multilayer structure of conductive and insulating layers inseparably formed on the semiconductor body
    • H01L23/528Geometry or layout of the interconnection structure
    • H01L23/5286Arrangements of power or ground buses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2224/00Indexing scheme for arrangements for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies and methods related thereto as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2224/01Means for bonding being attached to, or being formed on, the surface to be connected, e.g. chip-to-package, die-attach, "first-level" interconnects; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/02Bonding areas; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/04Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bonding areas prior to the connecting process
    • H01L2224/05Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bonding areas prior to the connecting process of an individual bonding area
    • H01L2224/0554External layer
    • H01L2224/0556Disposition
    • H01L2224/05571Disposition the external layer being disposed in a recess of the surface
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2224/00Indexing scheme for arrangements for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies and methods related thereto as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2224/01Means for bonding being attached to, or being formed on, the surface to be connected, e.g. chip-to-package, die-attach, "first-level" interconnects; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/02Bonding areas; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/04Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bonding areas prior to the connecting process
    • H01L2224/05Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bonding areas prior to the connecting process of an individual bonding area
    • H01L2224/0554External layer
    • H01L2224/05573Single external layer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2224/00Indexing scheme for arrangements for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies and methods related thereto as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2224/01Means for bonding being attached to, or being formed on, the surface to be connected, e.g. chip-to-package, die-attach, "first-level" interconnects; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/10Bump connectors; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/15Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bump connectors after the connecting process
    • H01L2224/16Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bump connectors after the connecting process of an individual bump connector
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2224/00Indexing scheme for arrangements for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies and methods related thereto as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2224/01Means for bonding being attached to, or being formed on, the surface to be connected, e.g. chip-to-package, die-attach, "first-level" interconnects; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/10Bump connectors; Manufacturing methods related thereto
    • H01L2224/15Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bump connectors after the connecting process
    • H01L2224/16Structure, shape, material or disposition of the bump connectors after the connecting process of an individual bump connector
    • H01L2224/161Disposition
    • H01L2224/16151Disposition the bump connector connecting between a semiconductor or solid-state body and an item not being a semiconductor or solid-state body, e.g. chip-to-substrate, chip-to-passive
    • H01L2224/16221Disposition the bump connector connecting between a semiconductor or solid-state body and an item not being a semiconductor or solid-state body, e.g. chip-to-substrate, chip-to-passive the body and the item being stacked
    • H01L2224/16225Disposition the bump connector connecting between a semiconductor or solid-state body and an item not being a semiconductor or solid-state body, e.g. chip-to-substrate, chip-to-passive the body and the item being stacked the item being non-metallic, e.g. insulating substrate with or without metallisation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2924/00Indexing scheme for arrangements or methods for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2924/01Chemical elements
    • H01L2924/01078Platinum [Pt]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2924/00Indexing scheme for arrangements or methods for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2924/15Details of package parts other than the semiconductor or other solid state devices to be connected
    • H01L2924/151Die mounting substrate
    • H01L2924/1517Multilayer substrate
    • H01L2924/15172Fan-out arrangement of the internal vias
    • H01L2924/15173Fan-out arrangement of the internal vias in a single layer of the multilayer substrate
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2924/00Indexing scheme for arrangements or methods for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2924/30Technical effects
    • H01L2924/301Electrical effects
    • H01L2924/3025Electromagnetic shielding
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K1/00Printed circuits
    • H05K1/02Details
    • H05K1/0213Electrical arrangements not otherwise provided for
    • H05K1/0216Reduction of cross-talk, and noise or electromagnetic interference
    • H05K1/0218Reduction of cross-talk, and noise or electromagnetic interference by printed shielding conductors, ground planes or power plane
    • H05K1/0219Printed shielding conductors for shielding around or between signal conductors, e.g. coplanar or coaxial printed shielding conductors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K1/00Printed circuits
    • H05K1/02Details
    • H05K1/11Printed elements for providing electric connections to or between printed circuits
    • H05K1/111Pads for surface mounting, e.g. lay-out
    • H05K1/112Pads for surface mounting, e.g. lay-out directly combined with via connections

Abstract

A flip-chip die and a flip-chip package substrate. The flip-chip die has an active surface containing a plurality of core power/ground pads, at least one signal pad rings, at least one power pad rings and at least one ground pad rings. The core power/ground pads are located in the central region of the die while the die pad rings are arranged concentrically just outside the central power/ground pad occupied region. The uppermost layer of the flip-chip package substrate has a plurality of bump pads that correspond to the die pads on the die. Non-signal bump pad rings may also form outside the signal bump pad ring. Pairs of power trace or ground trace may also form on the sides of a signal trace in any one of the wiring layers within the flip-chip package substrate to serve as guard traces for the signal trace.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application claims the priority benefit of Taiwan application serial no. 91205886, filed Apr. 29, 2002.
  • BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
  • [0002]
    1. Field of Invention
  • [0003]
    The present invention relates to a flip-chip die and a flip-chip package substrate.
  • [0004]
    More particularly, the present invention relates to a flip-chip die having a plurality of die pad rings and a flip-chip package substrate having a plurality of bump pad rings that corresponds to the flip-chip die.
  • [0005]
    2. Description of Related Art
  • [0006]
    Flip-chip (FC) bonding is a common type of packaging technique in a chip scale package (CSP). To form a flip-chip package, an array of die pads is formed on the active surface of a die. Thereafter, a bump is formed over each die pad. Finally, the bumps are attached to corresponding contacts on a carrier. In other words, the die is flipped over and bonded with the contacts on the carrier surface.
  • [0007]
    Due the various advantages such as an overall reduction in package area, an increase in package density and shortening of signal transmission paths, flip-chip bonding technique has been widely adopted in die packaging. This is especially true for high-pin-count package structures such as a ball grid array or a pin grid array. The idea of forming a high-pin-count package under a flip-chip configuration has lead to the manufacturing of flip-chip ball grid array (FCBGA) and flip-chip pin grid array (FCPGA) with each die containing a few hundred bonding pads.
  • [0008]
    In general, all flip-chip packages including the FCBGA and the FCPGA have a substrate. The substrate serves as a carrier for joining with a die. Each substrate comprises of a plurality of alternately stacked wiring layers and insulation layers. Each insulation layer has a plurality of through plugs for connecting neighboring wiring layers electrically. In addition, the upper surface of the substrate has a plurality of bump pads. Each bump pad connects to a corresponding bump on a die. The bottom surface of the substrate has a plurality of ball pads that connect electrically to the bump pads through internal circuits. A conductive structure such as a solder ball may be attached to each ball pad for connecting to the next level of electronic device such as a printed circuit board (PCB).
  • [0009]
    [0009]FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a portion of a conventional flip-chip package structure. As shown in FIG. 1, the package includes a die 10 having an active surface 12. The active surface 12 of the die 10 has an array of pads 14 thereon. The package also includes a flip-chip package substrate 20 that comprises of a plurality of wiring layers 24 (such as 24 a, 24 b, 24 c . . . ) and a plurality of insulation layers 26 (such as 26 a, 26 b, 26 c). The wiring layers 24 and the insulation layers 26 are alternately stacked one over the other. A plurality of through plugs 36 inside the insulation layer 26 connects the respective wiring layers 24 electrically. In general, two types of plugs 36 are generally used, a via plug 36 a and a plating through hole (PTH) 36 b. These two types of plugs are fabricated according to dimensional requirements.
  • [0010]
    The uppermost wiring layer 24 (the one closest to the uppermost surface 21 of the substrate 20) is a first wiring layer 24 a. The first wiring layer 24 a has a plurality of bump pads 30. Each bump pad 30 corresponds in position to a die pad 14 so that the die pad 14 and the bump pad 30 on the substrate 20 are electrically connected through a bump 16. Ultimately, through the wiring layers 24 and plugs 36, a portion of the die pads 14 on the die 10 fans out to areas underneath the active surface 12. The substrate 20 further includes a patterned solder mask 28 over the first insulation layer 26 a and the first wiring layer 24 a while exposing the plurality of bump pads 30 on the first wiring layer 24 a. The solder mask 28 protects the first wiring layer 24 a and the first insulation layer 26 a. In addition, the bottom surface 22 of the substrate 20 has a plurality of ball pads 34 for connecting with the next level of electronic device through an electrical structure such as a solder ball (not shown).
  • [0011]
    [0011]FIG. 2A is a top view of the die in FIG. 1. The active surface 112 of the die 110 has a plurality of die pads 114 (such as 114 a, 114 b, 114 c, 114 d, . . . ) configured as an area array. According to their respective functions, the die pads 114 are divided into signal pads 114 a, power pads 114 b, ground pads 114 c and core power/ground pads 114 d. The signal pads 114 a, the power pads 114 b and the ground pads 114 c surround the core power/ground pads 114 d. Note that the signal pads 114 a, the power pads 114 b and the ground pads 114 c are randomly distributed over the active surface 112 of the die 110 by convention. Hence, when the original die pads (not shown) on the die 110 is re-distributed to the active surface 112 of the die pad through a re-distribution layer (RDL), overall path length to the re-distributed die pad 114 will increase. Since signal transmission pathway is increased, electrical performance of the die 110 is compromised.
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 2B is a top view of a portion of a flip-chip package substrate that corresponds to the die in FIG. 2A. As shown in FIG. 2B, the upper surface 121 of the flip-chip package substrate 120 has a plurality of bump pads 130 thereon (such as 130 a, 130 b, 130 c, 130 d, . . . ). All bump pads 130 are formed inside the die area 140 of the flip-chip package substrate 120 and positioned into an area array so that each bump pad 130 lies over a die pads 114 as shown in FIG. 2A. To link up with the signal pads 114 a, the power pads 114 b, ground pads 114 c and core power/ground pads 114 d on the die 110, the bump pads 130 on the substrate 120 may be similarly divided into signal bump pads 130 a, power bump pads 130 b, ground bump pads 130 c and core power/ground bump pads 130 d. The signal bump pads 130 a, the power bump pads 130 b and the ground bump pads 130 c surround the core power/ground bump pads. Note that the signal pads 114 a, the power pads 114 b and the ground pads 114 c are randomly distributed over the active surface 112 of the die 110 by convention. Hence, the signal bump pads 130 a, the power bump pads 130 b and the ground bump pads 130 c are also randomly distributed over the upper surface 121 of the substrate 120.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • [0013]
    Accordingly, one object of the present invention is to provide a flip-chip die capable of shortening overall length of wiring inside the flip-chip die. Hence, overall wiring length of the re-distribution layer inside the flip-chip die is reduced and electrical performance of the die is improved. In addition, power pads and ground pads within the die are more centrally distributed. Aside from facilitating wiring layout, this arrangement also provides a uniform reference power and ground voltage to related signal groups. Ultimately, electrical performance of the die is similarly improved.
  • [0014]
    A second object of this invention is to provide a flip-chip package substrate having bump pads thereon that correspond in position to the die pads on the flip-chip die. Similarly, the power bump pads and ground bump pads are centrally distributed, thereby facilitating wiring layout inside the substrate. Moreover, guard trace may form on each side of a signal trace so that cross talk between neighboring signal traces is prevented. With this arrangement, electrical performance of the die also improves.
  • [0015]
    To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, the invention provides a flip-chip die. The die has an active surface. The die further includes a plurality of core power/ground pads, at least one signal pad ring, at least one power pad ring and at least one ground pad ring on the active surface. The core power/ground pads are located in the central region of the die. The signal pad ring, the power pad ring and the ground pad ring surround the central core power/ground pad region concentrically.
  • [0016]
    This invention also provides a flip-chip package substrate having a plurality of wiring layers and insulation layers. The wiring layers and the insulation layers are alternately stacked such that each wiring layer is sandwiched between two insulation layers and vice versa. The insulation layer has through plugs for connecting the wiring layers electrically. The uppermost wiring layer in the substrate has a plurality of core power/ground bump pads, at least one signal bump pad ring, at least one power bump pad ring and at least one ground bump pad ring. The core power/ground bump pads are located in the central region of the substrate. The signal bump pad ring, the power bump pad ring and the ground bump pad ring surround the central core power/ground bump pad region concentrically.
  • [0017]
    It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary, and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • [0018]
    The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings,
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a portion of a conventional flip-chip package structure;
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 2A is a top view of the die in FIG. 1;
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIG. 2B is a top view of a portion of a flip-chip package substrate that corresponds to the die in FIG. 2A;
  • [0022]
    [0022]FIGS. 3A, 3C, 3E, 3G, 31, 3K and 3M are top views of a die fabricated according to the preferred embodiments of this invention;
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIGS. 3B, 3D, 3F, 3H, 3J, 3L and 3N are top views of a portion of flip-chip package substrate fabricated according to the preferred embodiments of this invention;
  • [0024]
    [0024]FIG. 4A shows a portion of the first wiring layer in the flip-chip package substrate shown in FIG. 3B; and
  • [0025]
    [0025]FIG. 4B shows a portion of the second wiring layer in the flip-chip package substrate shown in FIG. 3B.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0026]
    Reference will now be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers are used in the drawings and the description to refer to the same or like parts.
  • [0027]
    [0027]FIG. 3A is top view of a die fabricated according to the preferred embodiments of this invention. As shown in FIG. 3A, a plurality of die pads 214 (such as 214 a, 214 b, 214 c, 214 d, . . . ) are formed on the active surface 212 of a die 210 in the form of an area array. The die pads 214 are positioned inside various die pad rings 215. According to function, the die pads 214 may be divided into signal pads 214 a, power pads 214 b, ground pads 214 c and core power/ground pads 214 d. The signal pads 214 a, the power pads 214 b and the ground pads 214 c surround the core power/ground pads 214. In other words, the signal pads 214 a, the power pads 214 b and the ground pads 214 c are located at the peripheral region of the core power/ground pads 214 d. Note that the die pads 214 within the signal pad ring (such as the second pad ring 215 b, the third pad ring 215 c and the sixth pad ring 215 f) should include more than 50% of signal pads 214 a. Ideally, more than 90% of the die pads 214 within the signal pad ring are signal pads 214 a. The same applies to the die pads within the power pad ring (such as the fifth pad ring 215 e) and the ground pad ring (such as the first pad ring 215 a and the fourth pad ring 215 d). In addition, each signal pad ring may include one, two, three or more ring layers each having a plurality of die pads 214 therein. For example, the second pad ring 215 b and the third pad ring 215 c in FIG. 3A may be regarded as a single signal pad ring. Similarly, the power pad ring and the ground pad ring may include one or more ring layers of die pads.
  • [0028]
    The multiple of pad rings 215 is concentrically positioned on the active surface 212 of the die 210. Each pad ring 215 may be set aside as a signal pad ring, power pad ring or ground pad ring. The die 210 in FIG. 3A includes three signal pad rings (the second pad ring 215 b, the third pad ring 215 c and the sixth pad ring 215 f), a power pad ring (the fifth pad ring 215 e) and two ground pad rings (the first pad ring 215 a and the fourth pad ring 215 d). The assignment in FIG. 3A is just one possible concentric arrangement of pad rings on the die 210. Other possible concentric arrangements of pad rings are shown in FIGS. 3C, 3E, 3G, 31, 3K and 3M. However, the multi-function pad ring 215 structures are not restricted to the concentric ones shown in FIGS. 3A, 3C, 3E, 3G, 31, 3K and 3M. Other concentric arrangement is also permissible in this invention. Note that the outermost ring or the sixth pad ring 215 f can also be designed as a power pad ring or a ground pad ring so that signals transmitted through conductive wires are shielded.
  • [0029]
    In the preferred embodiment of this invention, die pads 214 having an identical function are grouped together to form a pad ring 215. Meanwhile, the power pads 214 b within the power pad ring 215 e may be electrically connected together through circuit wires. Furthermore, the ground pads 514 b within the ground pad ring 215 a (or the ground pad ring 215 d) may also be electrically connected together through circuit wires. Hence, the power pads 214 b and ground pads 214 c referenced by various signal pads 214 a are more standardized for a better electrical performance.
  • [0030]
    [0030]FIG. 3B is a top view of a portion of flip-chip package substrate fabricated according to the preferred embodiments of this invention that corresponds to the die in FIG. 3A. As shown in FIG. 3B, the flip-chip package substrate 220 is constructed from the same type of wiring layers 24 (including 24 a, 24 b, 24 c, . . . ) and insulation layers 26 (including 26 a, 26 b, 26 c, . . . ) as shown in FIG. 1. The wiring layers 24 and the insulation layers 26 are alternately stacked such that each wiring layer is sandwiched between two insulation layers and vice versa. In addition, the substrate 220 has through plugs 36 such as via plugs 36 a and plating through holes 36 b passing through the insulation layers 26 for connecting up neighboring wiring layers 24.
  • [0031]
    As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3B, the bump pads 230 (including 230 a, 230 b, 230 c, . . . ) on the uppermost surface 221 of the substrate 220 is similar to the bump pads 30 in FIG. 1. In fact, the bump pads 230 are formed on the first wiring layer 24 a of FIG. 1, which is the uppermost layer among the wiring layers 24. Each bump pad 30 corresponds in position to a die pad 14 so that the die pad 14 and the bump pad 30 on the substrate 20 can be electrically connected through a bump 16. Ultimately, through electrical structures such as the wiring layers 24 and plugs 36, a portion of the die pads 14 on the die 10 fans out to other areas underneath the active surface 12.
  • [0032]
    To facilitate the bonding with the die pads 214 on the die 210, the bump pads 230 on the substrate 220 are formed within the die area 250 on the uppermost surface 221 of the substrate 220. The bump pads 230 similarly have an area array pattern and the bump pads 230 together form a multiple of bump pad rings 231. According to the connection with a particular type of die pad, the bump pads 130 are further classified into signal bump pads 230 a, power bump pads 230 b, ground bump pads 230 c and core power/ground bump pads 230 d. The core power/ground pads 230 d are located in the central region of the substrate 220. The signal bump pads 230 a, the power bump pads 230 b and the ground bump pads 230 c are distributed around the core power/ground bump pads 230 d just outside the central region. Note that the bump pads 230 within the signal bump pad ring (such as the second bump pad ring 231 b, the third bump pad ring 231 c and the sixth bump pad ring 231 f) should include more than 50% of signal bump pads 230 a. Ideally, more than 90% of the bump pads 230 within the signal bump pad ring are signal bump pads 230 a. The same applies to the bump pads within the power bump pad ring (such as the fifth bump pad ring 231 e) and the ground bump pad ring (such as the first bump pad ring 231 a and the fourth bump pad ring 231 d). In addition, each signal bump pad ring corresponds to a signal die pad ring in FIG. 3A. Each signal bump pad ring may include one, two, three or more ring layers each having a plurality of bump pads 230 therein. For example, the second bump pad ring 231 b and the third bump pad ring 231 c in FIG. 3B may be regarded as just one signal bump pad ring. Similarly, the power bump pad ring and the ground bump pad ring may include one or more rings of bump pads.
  • [0033]
    The assignment of the bump pad rings 231 on the substrate 220 in FIG. 3B is just one possible concentric arrangement. Other possible concentric arrangements of bump pad rings are shown in FIGS. 3D, 3F, 3H, 3J, 3L and 3N. However, the multifunction bump pad ring 231 structures are not restricted to the concentric ones shown in FIGS. 3B, 3D, 3F, 3H, 3J, 3L and 3N. Other concentric arrangement that corresponds to the distribution of die pads 214 on the die 210 is also permissible in this invention.
  • [0034]
    [0034]FIGS. 4A and 4B are diagrams showing the layout of a portion of the first wiring layer and the second wiring layer in the flip-chip package substrate shown in FIG. 3B. The first wiring layer 324 a (the first wiring layer 24 a in FIG. 1) as shown in FIG. 4A has a plurality of bump pads 330 (the bump pads 30 in FIG. 1). The bump pads 330 are positioned concentrically within several bump pad rings 331 just like the bump pad rings 231 in FIG. 3B. In FIG. 4A, only a portion of the multi-ring structure is shown. All the bump pads 330 are located within the die region 350 (the die region 250 in FIG. 3B). Note that if the a flip-chip package substrate having six rings thereon like the one in FIG. 3B is used as an example, the six bump pad rings in FIG. 4A are a ground bump pad ring 331 a, a signal bump pad ring 331 b, a signal bump pad ring 331 c, a ground bump pad ring 331 d, a power bump pad ring 331 e and a signal bump pad ring 331 f.
  • [0035]
    The second wiring layer 324 b (the second wiring layer 24 b in FIG. 1) as shown in FIG. 4B has a plurality of via pads 332 (the via pads 32 in FIG. 1). The via pads 332 are located inside the die region 350 (the die region 250 in FIG. 1). The bump pads 330 of the first wiring layer 324 a as shown in FIG. 4A are electrically connected to the via pads 332 of the second wiring layer 324 b as shown in FIG. 4B through various plugs 336 (the plugs 36 a in FIG. 1). Similarly, the via pads 332 on the second wiring layer 324 b constitute a plurality of via pad rings 333. The via pad rings 333 that correspond to the signal bump pad ring 331 a, the power bump pad ring 331 b and the ground bump pad ring 331 c of the first wiring layer 324 a are the signal via pad ring 333 a, the power via pad ring 333 b and the ground via pad ring 333 c.
  • [0036]
    As shown in FIG. 4A, the plurality of conductive trace lines 340 in the first wiring layer 324 a fans out the bump pads 230 within the outer three bump pad rings 231 including the ground bump pad ring 231 f, the signal bump pad ring 231 e and the signal bump pad ring 231 d to area outside the die region 350. A portion of the bump pads 230 within the inner three bump pad rings 231 including the ground bum pad rings 231 c, the power bump pad ring 231 b and the signal bump pad ring 231 a are electrically connected to the via pads 332 of the underlying second wiring layer 300 (as shown in FIG. 4B) within the inner three rings including the ground via pad ring 333 c, the power via pad ring 333 b and the signal via pad ring 333 a respectively. Thereafter, conductive trace lines 342 fan out the via pads 332 within the ground via pad ring 333 c and the signal via pad ring 333 a to area outside the die region 350.
  • [0037]
    The conductive trace lines 340 leading from the bump pads 330 inside the ground bump pad ring 331 f serve as ground trace lines 340 a while the conductive trace lines 340 leading from the bump pads 330 inside the signal bump pad ring 331 d or 331 e serve as signal trace lines 340 b. Cross talk between neighboring signal trace lines 340 b may be prevented by lining each signal trace line 340 b by a pair of ground trace lines 340 a (non-signal trace lines). The ground trace lines 340 a serve as a pair of guard traces shielding the signal trace line 340 b. Similarly, a pair of power trace lines (not shown) can also serve as a pair of guard traces around the signal trace line 340 b. In addition, one or more signal trace lines 340 b may be inserted between a pair of ground trace lines 340 a as shown in FIG. 4A.
  • [0038]
    In FIG. 4B, a pair of conductive trace lines 342 (ground trace lines 342 a) leading from via pads 332 inside the ground via pad ring 333 c may line the sides of a conductive trace line 342 (signal trace line 342 b) leading from via pads 332 inside the signal via pad ring 333 a. In other words, a ground trace line 342 a is positioned on each side of at least one signal trace line 342 b to serve as a pair of guard traces that prevent cross talk between neighboring signal trace lines 342 b. Similarly, a pair of power conductive trace lines 342 connected to a power terminal may serve as a pair of guard traces for the signal trace lines 342 b. Note that the ground trace lines 342 a serving as a guard trace may have a width greater than the signal trace line 342 b so that resistance of the ground trace line 342 a is lowered. Under the same token, width of ground trace line 340 a that serves as a guard trace may be greater than the signal trace line 340 a in FIG. 4A to reduce the resistance of ground trace lines 340 a.
  • [0039]
    In summary, the die pads inside the flip-chip die of this invention are grouped together according to their function. The die pads are formed within a clearly demarcated set of rings on the flip-chip die so that overall wiring length of the redistribution layer inside the die is reduced. This invention also provides a flip-chip package substrate that corresponds to the die pad distribution on the flip-chip die. The upper surface of the substrate has a plurality of bumps arranged into an area array pattern such that bump pads having an identical function are mostly grouped together within a bump pad ring. Furthermore, power trace lines or ground trace lines may be positioned on each side of a signal trace line to serve as a pair of guard traces. Ultimately, cross talk between neighboring signal trace lines is reduced and electrical performance of the die is improved.
  • [0040]
    It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made to the structure of the present invention without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention. In view of the foregoing, it is intended that the present invention cover modifications and variations of this invention provided they fall within the scope of the following claims and their equivalents.

Claims (25)

  1. 1. A flip-chip die having an active surface with a plurality of core power/ground pads, at least one signal pad ring, at least one power pad ring and at least one ground pad ring thereon, wherein the core power/ground pads are located in the central region of the die while the signal pad ring, the power pad ring and the ground pad ring are located outside the central power/ground pad region but concentric to the central power/ground pad region.
  2. 2. The flip-chip die of claim 1, wherein the signal pad ring encloses a plurality of die pads such that over 50% of the die pads within the signal pad ring is signal pads.
  3. 3. The flip-chip die of claim 1, wherein the signal pad ring encloses a plurality of die pads and the die pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  4. 4. The flip-chip die of claim 1, wherein the power pad ring includes a plurality of die pads such that over 50% of the die pads within the power pad ring is power pads.
  5. 5. The flip-chip die of claim 1, wherein the power pad ring encloses a plurality of die pads and the die pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  6. 6. The flip-chip die of claim 1, wherein the ground pad ring includes a plurality of die pads such that over 50% of the die pads within the ground pad ring is ground pads.
  7. 7. The flip-chip die of claim 1, wherein the ground pad ring encloses a plurality of die pads and the die pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  8. 8. A flip-chip package substrate, comprising:
    a plurality of wiring layers forming a stack;
    a plurality of insulation layers sandwiched between two neighboring wiring layers for isolating the wiring layers such that an insulation layer and a wiring layer stack on top of each other alternately; and
    a plurality of conductive plugs passing through the insulation layer for connecting the wiring layers electrically;
    wherein the uppermost layer of the wiring layers has a plurality of core power/ground bump pads, at least one signal bump pad rings, at least one power bump pad rings and at least one ground bump pad rings, the core power/ground pads are located in the central region of the package substrate while the signal pad ring, the power pad ring and the ground pad ring are located outside the central power/ground pad region but concentric to the central power/ground pad region.
  9. 9. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 8, wherein the signal bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads such that over 50% of the bump pads within the signal bump pad ring is signal bump pads.
  10. 10. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 8, wherein the signal bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads and the bump pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  11. 11. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 8, wherein the power bump pad ring includes a plurality of bump pads such that over 50% of the bump pads within the power bump pad ring is power bump pads.
  12. 12. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 8, wherein the power bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads and the bump pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  13. 13. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 8, wherein the ground bump pad ring includes a plurality of bump pads such that over 50% of the bump pads within the ground bump pad ring is ground bump pads.
  14. 14. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 8, wherein the ground bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads and the bump pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  15. 15. A flip-chip package substrate, comprising:
    a plurality of wiring layers forming a stack;
    a plurality of insulation layers sandwiched between two neighboring wiring layers for isolating the wiring layers such that an insulation layer and a wiring layer stack on top of each other alternately; and
    a plurality of conductive plugs passing through the insulation layer for connecting the wiring layers electrically;
    wherein the uppermost layer of the wiring layers has a plurality of core power/ground bump pads, at least one signal bump pad rings, at least one power bump pad rings and at least one ground bump pad rings, the core power/ground pads are located in the central region of the die while the signal pad ring, the power pad ring and the ground pad ring are located outside the central power/ground pad region but concentric to the central power/ground pad region;
    wherein at least one non-signal bump pad ring encloses at least one signal bump pad ring; and
    wherein at least one wiring layer has at least one signal trace, and at least one guard traces and the guard trace is adjacent to the signal trace.
  16. 16. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the signal bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads such that over 50% of the bump pads within the signal bump pad ring is signal bump pads.
  17. 17. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the signal bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads and the bump pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  18. 18. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the power bump pad ring includes a plurality of bump pads such that over 50% of the bump pads within the power bump pad ring is power bump pads.
  19. 19. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the power bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads and the bump pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  20. 20. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the ground bump pad ring includes a plurality of bump pads such that over 50% of the bump pads within the ground bump pad ring is ground bump pads.
  21. 21. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the ground bump pad ring encloses a plurality of bump pads and the bump pads are positioned as a multiple of rings.
  22. 22. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the guard trace is a power trace.
  23. 23. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the guard trace is a ground trace.
  24. 24. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the non-signal bump pad ring is a power bump pad ring.
  25. 25. The flip-chip package substrate of claim 15, wherein the non-signal bump pad ring is a ground bump pad ring.
US10064062 2002-04-29 2002-06-06 Flip-chip die and flip-chip package substrate Abandoned US20030201528A1 (en)

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