US20030135914A1 - Hockey helmet comprising an inflatable bladder - Google Patents

Hockey helmet comprising an inflatable bladder Download PDF

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Publication number
US20030135914A1
US20030135914A1 US10/323,675 US32367502A US2003135914A1 US 20030135914 A1 US20030135914 A1 US 20030135914A1 US 32367502 A US32367502 A US 32367502A US 2003135914 A1 US2003135914 A1 US 2003135914A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
head
defined
helmet
hockey helmet
inflatable bladder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/323,675
Inventor
Bertrand Racine
Jacques Durocher
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bauer Hockey LLC
Original Assignee
Bauer Hockey LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CA 2365894 priority Critical patent/CA2365894A1/en
Priority to CA2,365,894 priority
Application filed by Bauer Hockey LLC filed Critical Bauer Hockey LLC
Assigned to BAUER NIKE HOCKEY INC. reassignment BAUER NIKE HOCKEY INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: RACINE, BERTRAND, DUROCHER, JACQUES
Publication of US20030135914A1 publication Critical patent/US20030135914A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/10Linings
    • A42B3/12Cushioning devices
    • A42B3/121Cushioning devices with at least one layer or pad containing a fluid
    • A42B3/122Cushioning devices with at least one layer or pad containing a fluid inflatable

Abstract

A hockey helmet for receiving a head of a wearer, the head having a crown region, left and right temple regions, left and right side regions and an occipital region. The hockey helmet comprises a front portion facing the crown region and the left and right temple regions of the head and a rear portion facing the left and right side regions and the occipital region of the head. The hockey helmet also comprises an inflatable bladder mounted on the rear portion and adjacent to the occipital region of the head. The inflatable bladder is capable of applying pressure on the occipital region of the head for urging the front portion of the hockey helmet towards the crown region of the head when the helmet is placed on the head.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a hockey helmet with an inflatable bladder designed to improve the fit of the helmet on the head of the wearer. [0001]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • As embodied and broadly described herein, the present invention provides a hockey helmet for receiving a head of a wearer. The head has a crown region, left and right temple regions, left and right side regions and an occipital region. The hockey helmet comprises a front portion facing the crown region and the left and right temple regions of the head and a rear portion facing left and right side regions and the occipital region of the head. The hockey helmet also comprises an inflatable bladder mounted on its rear portion and adjacent to the occipital region of the head. The inflatable bladder applies pressure on the occipital region of the head for urging the front portion of the hockey helmet towards the crown region of the head when the helmet is placed on the head. [0002]
  • The use of an inflatable bladder that is located adjacent the occipital region of the head improves the fit of the helmet on the head of the wearer by urging the helmet against the crown region of the head. [0003]
  • In a non-limiting example of implementation, the helmet also includes a pump for inflating the bladder. Alternatively, the bladder may be designed to be inflated by an external pump that is separate from the helmet.[0004]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • A detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided herein below, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: [0005]
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a head of a wearer; [0006]
  • FIG. 2 is a right side elevational view of the head of the wearer of FIG. 1; [0007]
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a hockey helmet constructed in accordance with an embodiment of the invention; [0008]
  • FIG. 4 is a right side elevational view of the hockey helmet of FIG. 3; [0009]
  • FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the hockey helmet of FIG. 3; [0010]
  • FIG. 6 is a more detailed exploded perspective view of the hockey helmet of FIG. 3; [0011]
  • FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a rear padding section and a pump cover of the hockey helmet of FIG. 3; and [0012]
  • FIG. 8 is an elevation view of an inflatable bladder with a pump of the hockey helmet of FIG. 3.[0013]
  • In the drawings, embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of examples. It is to be expressly understood that the description and drawings are only for the purpose of illustration and are an aid for understanding. They are not intended to be a definition of the limits of the invention. [0014]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
  • FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate a head of a wearer. The head comprises a crown region CR, left and right temple regions LT, RT, left and right side regions LS, RS and an occipital region OC. Left and right side regions LS, RS are approximately located above the ears of the wearer. Occipital region OC substantially corresponds to the region under the occipital protuberance of the head. [0015]
  • Shown in FIGS. [0016] 3 to 8 is a hockey helmet 10 having a front portion 18 and a rear portion 20 interconnected together. Front and rear portions 18, 20 comprise respective front shell 22 and rear shell 24. Front shell 22 and rear shell 24 may be made of a relatively rigid material, such as NYLON, polycarbonate materials, thermoplastics, or thermosetting resins or any other suitable material. Front shell 22 includes a plurality of ventilation apertures 26. Ventilation apertures 26 provide the added comfort of allowing air to circulate around the head of the wearer.
  • The front shell [0017] 22 and rear shell 24 overlay respective front and rear inner pads 28 and 30. Both front and rear inner pads 28, 30 are integrally formed. The front and rear inner pads 28,30 have three-dimensional configurations that match the three-dimensional configurations of the respective front and rear shells 22, 24, and are attached to the inner surfaces of the front and rear shells 22, 24 by any suitable means, such as adhesives or mechanical fasteners. In this fashion, the front and rear shells 22, 24 can mechanically interlock with the respective front and rear inner pads 28, 30. Alternatively, the front and rear inner pads 28,30 may be made of separate components applied at specific locations of the inner surfaces of the front and rear shells 22, 24 and attached to the front and rear shells 22, 24 in any suitable way.
  • Front and rear inner pads [0018] 28, 30 are made of shock absorbing material such as expanded polypropylene (EPP). Other materials can also be used without departing from the spirit of the invention. Rear inner pad 30 comprises a top portion 30T extending over the top of the head of the wearer. The inner surface of front inner pad 28 is covered with a front comfort liner 32 and the inner surface of rear inner pad 30 is covered with a rear comfort liner 34 and a top comfort liner 36. Front comfort liner 32 and rear and top comfort liners 34, 36 entirely cover the inner surfaces of front and rear inner pads 28, 30 respectively. Rear comfort liner 34 comprises an occipital portion 340C, a left side portion 34LS and a right side portion 34RS (see FIG. 7).
  • Helmet [0019] 10 also comprises two downwardly extending sides 38 that extend along the sides of the wearer's face in front of the ears. Sides 38 provide additional protection to the sides of the head of the wearer, and further provide a useful location for connecting ear loops 40. At the base of sides 38 are apertures 42 (only left side 38 shows aperture 42) to which ear loops 40 connects. The other end of each ear loop 40 connects into an aperture 44 located on the base of rear shell 24. A chinstrap 46 is adapted to be attached to each ear loops 40, so that when it is secured beneath the chin of the wearer, helmet 10 is maintained onto the head of the wearer. If desired the helmet 10 may be provided with ear covers 48 for protecting the ears of the wearer.
  • The front and rear portions [0020] 18, 20 can move one with relation to the other so as to adjust the size of the head receiving cavity of the helmet 10. Locking mechanisms retain the front and rear portions 18, 20 in the position selected by the wearer. Any suitable type of locking mechanisms such as the one described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,956,776 of Bauer Nike Hockey Inc. issued on Sep. 28, 1999 can be used without departing from the spirit of the invention.
  • In operation, a wearer who puts on the helmet [0021] 10 and realizes that it is too large or too small, does not need to remove helmet the 10 to adjust it. The wearer must simply release the locking devices expand or contract the size of helmet 10 by displacing the front and the rear portion 18, 20 in relation to each other in the appropriate direction.
  • Alternatively, helmet [0022] 10 may comprise a non-adjustable one-piece shell covering a one-piece inner pad and a one-piece comfort liner. In another possible variant, the helmet 10 may comprise separate front and rear portions 18, 20 that are connected to one another in any suitable way but not adjustable one relative to the other.
  • Helmet [0023] 10 further comprises an inflatable bladder 50 mounted between rear comfort liner 34 and rear pad 30. Inflatable bladder 50 has an occipital chamber 500C in fluid communication with left and right side chambers 50LS, 50RS through respective left and right air channels 52L, 52R. In a possible variant, the inflatable bladder 50 may only comprise the occipital chamber 50OC, without any side chambers.
  • A pump [0024] 54 is connected to the inflatable bladder 50, the pump 54 being in fluid communication with the occipital chamber 50OC through a tube 56. Alternatively, the pump 54 may be connected to left or right side chambers 50LS, 50RS. The pump 54 is manually operated by pressing on a bellows 58 that forces air in the inflatable bladder via the tube 56 containing a one-way valve (not shown). The one-way valve prevents air from the inflatable bladder 50 to escape via the tube 56. The number of pump cycles applied to the bellows 58 determines the degree of inflation of the inflatable bladder 50. Inflatable bladder 50 also comprises a release valve 60 mounted on the occipital chamber 50OC for deflating the inflatable bladder 50. The release valve 60 may be mounted instead on one of the side chambers 50LS, 50RS.
  • Helmet [0025] 10 also comprises a protective cover 62 that covers the pump 54 and release valve 60. Cover 62 is mounted to rear inner pad 30 and/or rear comfort liner 34. The cover 62 is sufficiently flexible to allow the wearer to depress the bellows 58 and operate the release valve 60 through the cover 62. More particularly, the cover 62 may be made of material sufficiently flexible that can be easily deformed by finger pressure. Alternatively, the cover 62 may be made of relatively rigid material, that cannot be deformed by finger pressure but it includes regions that register with the bellows 58 and the release valve 60 that are more flexible. Flexibility may be imparted to the selected regions by reducing the thickness of the material in those regions, or adding structural features that increase the flexibility without thickness reductions. Examples of such structural features include flexure enhancing hinges or folds.
  • When inflated, inflatable bladder [0026] 50 applies pressure upon the occipital region OC and the left and right side regions LS, RS of the head of the wearer. The pressure tends to urge the front portion 18 of the helmet 10 toward the crown region CR of the head. Moreover, the left and the right side chambers 50LS, 50RS of the inflatable bladder 50 apply pressure on the corresponding parts of the head such as to laterally stabilize the helmet 10. Accordingly, the occipital part of the inflatable bladder 50 tends to urge the helmet 10 against the crown region CR of the head. Depending on how tightly the head of the wearer fits in the head receiving cavity of the helmet 10, the pressure applied by the occipital part of the inflatable bladder 50 may induce a slight movement of the helmet 10 toward the back of the head, necessary to seat the front portion 18 of the helmet 10 against the crown region CR of the head. At the same time, the side chambers 50LS, 50RS of the inflatable bladder 50 apply pressure on both side region LS, RS of the head and stabilize the helmet 10 laterally.
  • The degree of pressure applied by the inflatable bladder [0027] 50 is controlled by the amount of air pumped in the inflatable bladder 50 by the wearer. If the amount of pressure is too high, air can be released by operating the release valve 60.
  • Referring to FIG. 8, inflatable bladder [0028] 50 comprises several affixing members 62 for affixing inflatable bladder 50 to the outer surface of rear comfort liner 34. The affixing members include apertures through which suitable fasteners can be inserted. Alternatively, adhesive, VELCRO or stitches may be used to secure the inflatable bladder 50 to the rear comfort liner 34. Inflatable bladder 50 is thus mounted between rear comfort liner 34 and rear inner pad 30 and can expand therebetween in order to apply pressure upon the occipital region OC and left and right side regions LS, RS of the head.
  • The above description of the embodiments should not be interpreted in a limiting manner since other variations, modifications and refinements are possible within the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents. [0029]

Claims (16)

The embodiments of the invention for which an exclusive privilege or property is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A hockey helmet for receiving a head of a wearer, the head having a crown region, left and right temple regions, left and right side regions and an occipital region, said helmet comprising:
(a) a front portion for facing the crown region and the left and right temple regions of the head;
(b) a rear portion for facing the left and right side regions and the occipital region of the head; and
(c) an inflatable bladder on said rear portion and adjacent to the occipital region of the head when said hockey helmet is placed on the head, said inflatable bladder being capable of applying pressure upon the occipital region of the head for urging said front portion towards the crown region of the head.
2. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 1 further comprising a pump in fluid communication with said inflatable bladder, said pump being operable by the wearer for inflating said inflatable bladder.
3. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 2, wherein said inflatable bladder comprises an occipital chamber and left and right side chambers, said occipital chamber facing the occipital region of the head and said left and right side chambers facing the left and side regions of the head respectively when said helmet is placed on the head.
4. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 3, wherein said occipital chamber is in fluid communication with said left and right side chambers.
5. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 4, wherein said pump includes a manually compressible bellows for pumping air in said inflatable bladder.
6. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 4, wherein said pump includes a one way valve to prevent air in said inflatable bladder to escape via said pump.
7. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 5, wherein said front portion and said rear portion comprise respective front and rear shells.
8. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 7 further comprising a front inner pad on said front shell and a rear inner pad on said rear shell.
9. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 8 further comprising a rear comfort liner on said rear inner pad.
10. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 9, wherein said inflatable bladder is mounted between said rear comfort liner and said rear inner pad.
11. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 6, wherein said inflatable bladder comprises a release valve for discharging air from said inflatable bladder.
12. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 11, wherein said release valve is mounted on said occipital chamber.
13. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 11 further comprising a cover covering said pump and said release valve.
14. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 13, wherein said cover is flexible for allowing the wearer to operate either one of said pump and said release valve through said cover.
15. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 8 further comprising a front comfort liner on said front inner pad.
16. A hockey helmet as defined in claim 6, wherein said front portion is movable relative to said rear portion for allowing size adjustment of said helmet.
US10/323,675 2001-12-21 2002-12-20 Hockey helmet comprising an inflatable bladder Abandoned US20030135914A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2365894 CA2365894A1 (en) 2001-12-21 2001-12-21 Sporting helmet having an inflatable bladder with a pump
CA2,365,894 2001-12-21

Publications (1)

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US20030135914A1 true US20030135914A1 (en) 2003-07-24

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EP (1) EP1321054A3 (en)
CA (1) CA2365894A1 (en)

Cited By (30)

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US6968575B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2005-11-29 Bauer Nike Hockey Inc. Hockey helmet comprising an occipital adjustment mechanism
US20060010583A1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2006-01-19 Mjd Innovations, L.L.C. Helmet chin-strap harness structure
WO2006012750A1 (en) * 2004-08-04 2006-02-09 Sport Maska Inc. Helmet ear loop
US20060179537A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2006-08-17 Dennis Michael R Headset-accommodating, load-balancing, helmet strap system
US20070199136A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-08-30 Brine William H Iii Sport helmet with adjustable liner
US20070245468A1 (en) * 2006-04-05 2007-10-25 Butler Alan M Protective helmet with adjustable support
FR2918849A1 (en) * 2007-07-16 2009-01-23 Skimeter Sarl Padding module for safety helmet, has air return non-return valve communicated with pouch without presence of inflatable internal chamber to form extension or buffer zone of rigid or non-inflatable intermediate volume
US20090044315A1 (en) * 2007-08-17 2009-02-19 Guillaume Belanger Adjustable hockey helmet
US20090151056A1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2009-06-18 Reebok International Ltd. Protective Helmet
US20090188022A1 (en) * 2008-01-25 2009-07-30 Jacques Durocher Hockey helmet with an outer shell made of two different materials
US20100005573A1 (en) * 2008-03-21 2010-01-14 Rudd David H Helmet for a hockey or lacrosse player
US20100050323A1 (en) * 2008-08-27 2010-03-04 Jacques Durocher Hockey helmet comprising an occipital adjustment mechanism
US20100282554A1 (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-11-11 Stone Thomas D Multi-chamber impact absorption system to protect individual
US20120079646A1 (en) * 2010-10-05 2012-04-05 Guillaume Belanger Hockey helmet with readily removable earpieces
US20130025031A1 (en) * 2011-07-27 2013-01-31 Laperriere Jean-Francois Sport helmet
US8505116B2 (en) * 2011-01-02 2013-08-13 Finn Alexander Strong Active head covering with moveable element
US8566968B2 (en) 2011-07-01 2013-10-29 Prostar Athletics Llc Helmet with columnar cushioning
US20130340144A1 (en) * 2011-01-02 2013-12-26 Finn Alexander Strong Active head covering with moveable element
US20140020158A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2014-01-23 Roho, Inc. Multilayer impact attenuating insert for headgear
US20140033402A1 (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-06 Salomon S.A.S. Protective helmet
US8732987B2 (en) 2011-01-02 2014-05-27 Finn Alexander Strong Footwear having air-controlled active element
US20140196198A1 (en) * 2012-09-14 2014-07-17 Yochanan Cohen Protective Helmets
GB2514314A (en) * 2013-01-18 2014-11-26 Grants Made Easy Joint safe remedial and joint protector
US8926394B1 (en) 2011-01-02 2015-01-06 Finn Alexander Strong Article of manufacture with moveable element
US20150074875A1 (en) * 2011-12-19 2015-03-19 Oliver Schimpf Protective helmet; method for reducing or preventing a head injury
US9215914B2 (en) 2011-01-02 2015-12-22 Finn Alexander Strong Portable folding canopy with moveable element
US9345282B2 (en) 2011-07-27 2016-05-24 Bauer Hockey, Inc. Adjustable helmet for a hockey or lacrosse player
US9808043B2 (en) 2014-08-28 2017-11-07 Jared Vance Protective fluidic-transfer helmet
US10219573B2 (en) 2016-01-12 2019-03-05 Ronald A. Podboy Helmet to reduce traumatic brain injuries
US10306941B2 (en) 2011-07-27 2019-06-04 Bauer Hockey, Llc Sports helmet with rotational impact protection

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US9226539B2 (en) 2010-07-13 2016-01-05 Sport Maska Inc. Helmet with rigid shell and adjustable liner
ITRM20120076A1 (en) * 2012-02-29 2013-08-30 Ugo Nevi wearable accessory for the treatment of headaches

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Cited By (52)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6968575B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2005-11-29 Bauer Nike Hockey Inc. Hockey helmet comprising an occipital adjustment mechanism
US20060010583A1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2006-01-19 Mjd Innovations, L.L.C. Helmet chin-strap harness structure
US7246385B2 (en) * 2004-07-14 2007-07-24 Mjd Innovations, L.L.C. Helmet chin-strap harness structure
WO2006012750A1 (en) * 2004-08-04 2006-02-09 Sport Maska Inc. Helmet ear loop
US20060179537A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2006-08-17 Dennis Michael R Headset-accommodating, load-balancing, helmet strap system
US20070199136A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-08-30 Brine William H Iii Sport helmet with adjustable liner
US7908678B2 (en) * 2005-12-22 2011-03-22 Brine Iii William H Sport helmet with adjustable liner
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US20090044315A1 (en) * 2007-08-17 2009-02-19 Guillaume Belanger Adjustable hockey helmet
US20130036531A1 (en) * 2007-08-17 2013-02-14 Easton Sports, Inc. Adjustable hockey helmet
US8296868B2 (en) * 2007-08-17 2012-10-30 Easton Sports, Inc. Adjustable hockey helmet
US8418270B2 (en) * 2007-12-12 2013-04-16 Sport Maska Inc. Protective helmet
US20130185848A1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2013-07-25 Sport Maska Inc. Protective Helmet
US20090151056A1 (en) * 2007-12-12 2009-06-18 Reebok International Ltd. Protective Helmet
US8881315B2 (en) * 2007-12-12 2014-11-11 Sport Maska Inc. Protective helmet
US8191179B2 (en) * 2008-01-25 2012-06-05 Bauer Hockey, Inc. Hockey helmet with an outer shell made of two different materials
US20090188022A1 (en) * 2008-01-25 2009-07-30 Jacques Durocher Hockey helmet with an outer shell made of two different materials
US8296867B2 (en) * 2008-03-21 2012-10-30 Bauer Hockey, Inc. Helmet for a hockey or lacrosse player
US9510633B2 (en) 2008-03-21 2016-12-06 Bauer Hockey Inc. Helmet for a hockey or lacrosse player
US20100005573A1 (en) * 2008-03-21 2010-01-14 Rudd David H Helmet for a hockey or lacrosse player
US7954178B2 (en) * 2008-08-27 2011-06-07 Bauer Hockey, Inc. Hockey helmet comprising an occipital adjustment mechanism
US20100050323A1 (en) * 2008-08-27 2010-03-04 Jacques Durocher Hockey helmet comprising an occipital adjustment mechanism
US20100282554A1 (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-11-11 Stone Thomas D Multi-chamber impact absorption system to protect individual
US20120079646A1 (en) * 2010-10-05 2012-04-05 Guillaume Belanger Hockey helmet with readily removable earpieces
US20130340144A1 (en) * 2011-01-02 2013-12-26 Finn Alexander Strong Active head covering with moveable element
US9215914B2 (en) 2011-01-02 2015-12-22 Finn Alexander Strong Portable folding canopy with moveable element
US8926394B1 (en) 2011-01-02 2015-01-06 Finn Alexander Strong Article of manufacture with moveable element
US8732987B2 (en) 2011-01-02 2014-05-27 Finn Alexander Strong Footwear having air-controlled active element
US8752308B2 (en) 2011-01-02 2014-06-17 Finn Alexander Strong Footwear having air-controlled active element
US8505116B2 (en) * 2011-01-02 2013-08-13 Finn Alexander Strong Active head covering with moveable element
US8863318B2 (en) * 2011-01-02 2014-10-21 Finn Alexander Strong Active head covering with moveable element
US8756835B1 (en) 2011-01-02 2014-06-24 Finn Alexander Strong Footwear having air-controlled active element
US20140020158A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2014-01-23 Roho, Inc. Multilayer impact attenuating insert for headgear
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CA2365894A1 (en) 2003-06-21
EP1321054A3 (en) 2004-05-26
EP1321054A2 (en) 2003-06-25

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