US20030097721A1 - Method for the trichromatic dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fibre materials - Google Patents

Method for the trichromatic dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fibre materials Download PDF

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US20030097721A1
US20030097721A1 US10192092 US19209202A US20030097721A1 US 20030097721 A1 US20030097721 A1 US 20030097721A1 US 10192092 US10192092 US 10192092 US 19209202 A US19209202 A US 19209202A US 20030097721 A1 US20030097721 A1 US 20030097721A1
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formula
radical
alkyl
hydrogen
sulfo
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US10192092
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Jurgen Schmiedl
Klaus Koch
Wolfgang Mundle
Franz Gruner
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BASF Performance Products LLC
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BASF Performance Products LLC
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09BORGANIC DYES OR CLOSELY-RELATED COMPOUNDS FOR PRODUCING DYES, e.g. PIGMENTS; MORDANTS; LAKES
    • C09B62/00Reactive dyes, i.e. dyes which form covalent bonds with the substrates or which polymerise with themselves
    • C09B62/44Reactive dyes, i.e. dyes which form covalent bonds with the substrates or which polymerise with themselves with the reactive group not directly attached to a heterocyclic ring
    • C09B62/4401Reactive dyes, i.e. dyes which form covalent bonds with the substrates or which polymerise with themselves with the reactive group not directly attached to a heterocyclic ring with two or more reactive groups at least one of them being directly attached to a heterocyclic system and at least one of them being directly attached to a non-heterocyclic system
    • C09B62/4403Reactive dyes, i.e. dyes which form covalent bonds with the substrates or which polymerise with themselves with the reactive group not directly attached to a heterocyclic ring with two or more reactive groups at least one of them being directly attached to a heterocyclic system and at least one of them being directly attached to a non-heterocyclic system the heterocyclic system being a triazine ring
    • C09B62/4411Azo dyes
    • C09B62/4413Non-metallized monoazo dyes

Abstract

Method for the trichromatic dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fiber material, wherein at least one red reactive dye of formula
Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00001
is used together with at least one of the yellow or orange reactive dyes of formulae
Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00002
and at least one blue reactive dye of formula
Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00003
in which formulae
the variables are as defined in claim 1,
which method is distinguished by a uniform color build-up and a very good combinability.

Description

  • The present invention relates to a method of trichromatic dyeing or printing and to the red reactive dyes especially suitable for that purpose. [0001]
  • The problem underlying the present invention was to find a method of dyeing or printing synthetic polyamide fibre materials, for example woven carpet fabrics, using reactive dyes suitable for combination according to the trichromatic principle. [0002]
  • It has now been found that the problem can be solved according to the invention by the method described hereinbelow. The dyeings so obtained meet the set objectives in a special manner. The dyeings obtained are distinguished especially by uniform colour build-up and, at the same time, constancy of shade at different concentrations, and by good combinability, and exhibit good fibre levelness and no dichroism. [0003]
  • The present invention accordingly relates to a method for the trichromatic dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fibre material in which at least one red reactive dye of formula [0004]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00004
  • is used together with at least one of the yellow or orange reactive dyes of formulae [0005]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00005
  • and at least one blue reactive dye of formula [0006]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00006
  • in which formulae [0007]
  • R[0008] 1, R4, R6, R10, R15 and R16 are each independently of the others hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano,
  • R[0009] 2, R5, R7, R13 and R14 are each independently of the others hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, ureido, sulfamoyl, halogen, sulfo or carboxy,
  • R[0010] 3 is amino or N-mono- or N,N-di-C1-C4alkylamino,
  • R[0011] 8 is hydrogen, sulfomethyl, carbamoyl or cyano,
  • R[0012] 9 is C1-C4alkyl,
  • R[0013] 11, and R12 are each independently of the other hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen, sulfo or carboxy,
  • B is a C[0014] 2-C6alkylene radical, which may be interrupted by 1, 2 or 3 —O— members and which is unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy or by sulfato, or
  • a cyclohexylene radical or methylene-cyclohexylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C[0015] 1-C4alkyl, or
  • a phenylene or methylene-phenylene-methylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C[0016] 1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or by sulfo,
  • I is the number 0 or 1, [0017]
  • k is the number 1, 2 or 3, and [0018]
  • V[0019] 1 is a radical of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00007
  •  in which formulae [0020]
  • R[0021] 17 and R19 are each independently of the other hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano,
  • R[0022] 18 is C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or sulfo,
  • Z is the radical —CH═CH[0023] 2 or —CH2—CH2—Y and Y is a leaving group,
  • m is the number 0, 1 or 2, [0024]
  • n is the number 0 or 1, and [0025]
  • V[0026] 2, V3, V4 und V5 are each independently of the others a radical of the above-indicated formula (6a), (6b), (6c) or (6d) or a radical of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00008
  •  wherein [0027]
  • R[0028] 20 is hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano, and
  • X is a radical [0029]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00009
  •  and Hal or and Hal is bromine or chlorine, [0030]
  • with the proviso that [0031]
  • the dye of formula (1) contains two sulfo groups. [0032]
  • The radicals R[0033] 1, R4, R6, R10, R15, R16, R17, R19 and R20 as alkyl radicals are straight chain or branched. The alkyl radicals may in turn be substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, cyano or by carboxy. Examples that may be mentioned are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl and tert-butyl, and the corresponding radicals substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, cyano or by carboxy. Preferred substituents are hydroxy, sulfo or sulfato, especially hydroxy or sulfato and more especially hydroxy.
  • According to one interesting embodiment, when B is a C[0034] 2-C6alkylene radical that may be interrupted by 1, 2 or 3 —O— members and is unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy or by sulfato, one of the radicals R15 and R16 is C1-C4alkyl substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, cyano or by carboxy and the other of the radicals R15 and R16 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, especially hydrogen.
  • C[0035] 1-C4Alkyl radicals that come into consideration for R2, R5, R7, R11, R12, R13, R14 and R18, each independently of the others, are, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl and isobutyl, preferably methyl and ethyl and especially methyl.
  • R[0036] 9 as C1-C4alkyl is, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl or isobutyl, preferably methyl or ethyl and especially ethyl.
  • C[0037] 1-C4Alkoxy radicals that come into consideration for R2, R5, R7, R11, R12, R13, R14 and R18, each independently of the others, are, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy and isobutoxy, preferably methoxy and ethoxy, and especially methoxy.
  • C[0038] 2-C4Alkanoylamino radicals that come into consideration for R2, R5, R7, R13 and R14, each independently of the others, are, for example, acetylamino and propionylamino and especially acetylamino.
  • Halogen atoms that come into consideration for R[0039] 2, R5, R7, R11, R12, R13, R14 and R18each independently of the others, are, for example, fluorine, chlorine and bromine, preferably chlorine and bromine, and especially chlorine.
  • N-mono- and N,N-di-C[0040] 1-C4alkylamino radicals that come into consideration for R3, are, for example, methylamino, ethylamino, n-propylamino, n-butylamino, N,N-dimethylamino and N,N-diethylamino, preferably methylamino, ethylamino, N,N-dimethylamino and N,N-diethylamino, and especially methylamino, ethylamino and N,N-dimethylamino.
  • For B denoting a cyclohexylene radical or methylene-cyclohexylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C[0041] 1-C4alkyl, or denoting a phenylene or methylene-phenylene-methylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or by sulfo, there come into consideration as C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and halogen, for example, the radicals and their preferred meanings indicated above for R2, R5, R7, R11, R12, R13, R14 and R18.
  • The leaving group Y is, for example —Cl, —Br, —F, —OSO[0042] 3H, —SSO3H, —OCO—CH3, —OPO3H2, —OCO—C6H5, —OSO2—C1-C4alkyl or —OSO2—N(C1-C4alkyl)2. Y is preferably a group of formula —Cl, —OSO3H, —SSO3H, —OCO—CH3, —OCO—C6H5 or —OPO3H2, especially —Cl, —OSO3H or —OCO—CH3 and more especially —Cl or —OSO3H.
  • R[0043] 1, R4, R6, R10, R15, R16, R17, R19 and R20 are preferably, each independently of the others, hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, especially hydrogen, methyl or ethyl.
  • R[0044] 1, R4, R6, R10, R15, R16, R17, R19 and R20 are especially preferably hydrogen.
  • Preferably, R[0045] 2, R5, R7, R13 and R14 are each independently of the others hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, ureido, sulfo or carboxy, especially hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, ureido or sulfo, and R11 and R12 are each independently of the other hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy or sulfo, especially hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl or C1-C4alkoxy.
  • Especially preferably, R[0046] 2 is sulfo, R5 is ureido or C2-C4alkanoylamino, especially ureido, and R7, R11, R12, R13 and R14 are hydrogen.
  • R[0047] 3 is preferably amino.
  • R[0048] 8 is preferably hydrogen, sulfomethyl or carbamoyl, especially hydrogen or sulfomethyl and more especially hydrogen.
  • B is preferably a C[0049] 2-C6alkylene radical, a methylene-cyclohexylene radical unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, or a phenylene or methylene-phenylene-methylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or by sulfo.
  • B is especially preferably a radical of formula [0050]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00010
  • especially of formula [0051]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00011
  • R[0052] 18 is preferably methyl, methoxy or sulfo, especially methyl or methoxy.
  • Z is preferably the radical —CH═CH[0053] 2.
  • V[0054] 1, V2, V3, V4 und V5 are preferably, each independently of the others, a radical of formula (6c) or (6d), wherein R17, R18, R19, Z, m und n have the meanings and preferred meanings indicated above.
  • I is preferably the number 0. [0055]
  • k is preferably the number 2 or 3, especially 3. [0056]
  • A suitable naphthyl radical in the dye of formula (4) is preferably a radical of formula [0057]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00012
  • m is preferably the number 0. [0058]
  • n is preferably the number 0. [0059]
  • Hal is preferably bromine. [0060]
  • The radical of formula (6c) is preferably a radical of formula [0061]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00013
  • wherein Z has the meanings and preferred meanings given above. [0062]
  • The radical of formula (6d) ist preferably a radical of formula [0063]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00014
  • wherein Z has the meanings and preferred meanings given above. [0064]
  • Preference is given to the method according to the invention in which, in the reactive dye of formula (1), [0065]
  • R[0066] 1 is hydrogen, R2 is sulfo, R3 is amino, I is the number 0 and V1 is a radical of formula (6c) wherein R17 is hydrogen, Z is vinyl and m is the number 0.
  • Special preference is given to the method according to the invention in which the reactive dye of formula (1) is a reactive dye [0067]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00015
  • Preference is given to the method according to the invention in which, in the reactive dye of formula (2), [0068]
  • R[0069] 4 is hydrogen, R5 is ureido and V2 is a radical of formula (6c) wherein R17 is hydrogen, Z is vinyl and m is the number 0.
  • Preference is given to the method according to the invention in which, in the reactive dye of formula (3), [0070]
  • R[0071] 6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen, R9 is ethyl and V3 is a radical of formula (6c) wherein R17 is hydrogen, Z is vinyl and m is the number 0.
  • Preference is given to the method according to the invention in which, in the reactive dye of formula (4), [0072]
  • R[0073] 10, R11, R12, R13 and R14 are hydrogen, V4 is a radical of formula (6d) wherein R19 is hydrogen, Z is vinyl and n is the number 0, and k is the number 3.
  • Preference is given to the method according to the invention in which, in the reactive dye of formula (5), [0074]
  • R[0075] 15 and R16 are hydrogen, B is a radical of the above formula (7a) or (7b), preferably of formula (7b), and V5 is a radical of formula (6d) wherein R19 is hydrogen, Z is vinyl and n is the number 0.
  • A suitable yellow or orange reactive dye for the method according to the invention is preferably a dye of formula (3) or (4), especially of formula (4), in which the variables have the meanings and preferred meanings indicated hereinabove. [0076]
  • The reactive dyes of formulae (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) are known or can be prepared in analogy to known compounds. [0077]
  • The present invention relates also to the novel reactive dyes of formula [0078]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00016
  • wherein [0079]
  • R[0080] 1, R17 and Z have the meanings and preferred meanings indicated hereinabove.
  • The reactive dye of formula (1b) is obtained, for example, by reacting the compounds of formulae [0081]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00017
  • in which formulae [0082]
  • R[0083] 1, R17 and Y have the meanings and preferred meanings given hereinabove and Y is especially sulfato, with cyanuric chloride, followed, where appropriate, by an elimination reaction.
  • The individual process steps indicated above can be carried out in different orders or, in some instances, simultaneously, and so various process variants are possible. The reaction is generally carried out stepwise, the order in which the single reactions between the individual reaction components are carried out advantageously being geared to the particular conditions. For example, a compound of formula (9) is reacted with cyanuric chloride and the resulting product is then condensed with a compound of formula (10). Preferably, a compound of formula (10) is reacted with cyanuric chloride and the resulting product is then condensed with a compound of formula (9). [0084]
  • The individual condensation reactions are carried out, for example, according to methods known per se, usually in aqueous solution, at a temperature of, for example, from 0 to 50° C., especially from 0 to 10° C., and a pH value of, for example, from 3 to 10, especially from 3 to 7. [0085]
  • In addition, an elimination reaction may be carried out after the synthesis. For example, reactive dyes of formula (1b) that contain sulfatoethylsulfonyl radicals can be treated with a base, for example sodium hydroxide, the sulfatoethylsulfonyl radicals being converted into vinylsulfonyl radicals. [0086]
  • The compounds of formulae (9) and (10) are known or can be prepared in analogy to known compounds. [0087]
  • The reactive dyes used in the trichromatic dyeing or printing method according to the invention and the reactive dyes of formula (1b) according to the invention are present either in their free sulfonic acid form or, preferably, in the form of a salt thereof. [0088]
  • Suitable salts are, for example, alkali metal, alkaline earth metal or ammonium salts or salts of an organic amine. Examples that may be mentioned are sodium, lithium, potassium or ammonium salts or a mono-, di- or tri-ethanolamine salt. [0089]
  • The reactive dyes used in the method according to the invention and the reactive dyes of formula (1b) according to the invention may comprise further additives, for example sodium chloride or dextrin. [0090]
  • The trichromatic dyeing or printing method according to the invention and the reactive dyes of formula (1b) according to the invention can be utilised in the customary dyeing and printing methods. The dye liquors or printing pastes, in addition to comprising water and the dyes, may comprise further additives, for example wetting agents, antifoams, levelling agents or agents that influence the characteristics of the textile material, for example softeners, flame-retardant additives, or dirt-, water- and oil-repellents, and also water-softeners and natural or synthetic thickeners, for example alginates and cellulose ethers. [0091]
  • The amounts in which the individual dyes are used in the dye baths or printing pastes can vary within wide limits depending on the required depth of shade; in general, amounts of from 0.01 to 15% by weight, especially from 0.1 to 10% by weight, based on the material to be dyed and the printing paste have proved to be advantageous. [0092]
  • In the case of woven carpet fabrics, printing methods such as, for example, displacement printing or space dyeing are important. [0093]
  • Preference is given to dyeing, which is carried out especially by the exhaust process and, in the case of carpet dyeing, can also be carried out in accordance with the continuous process. [0094]
  • Dyeing is preferably carried out at a pH of from 2 to 7, especially from 2.5 to 5.5 and more especially from 2.5 to 4. The liquor ratio can be selected within a wide range, for example from 1:5 to 1:50, preferably from 1:5 to 1:30. Dyeing is preferably carried out at a temperature of from 80 to 130° C., especially from 85 to 120° C. [0095]
  • To increase the fastness to wetting properties, any unfixed dye can be removed by an aftertreatment at a pH value of, for example, from 7 to 12, especially from 7 to 9, and at a temperature of, for example, from 30 to 100° C., especially from 50 to 80° C. Advantageously, in the case of intense colour shades, for example very deep dyeings, especially on fibre blends, the unfixed dye can be removed reductively by the addition of a reducing agent, for example hydrosulfite, such as sodium hydrosulfite, to the alkaline aftertreatment bath. The dye fixed in the polyamide fibre material is not affected by the treatment. The reducing agent is advantageously added in an amount of, for example, from 0.1 to 6% by weight, especially from 0.5 to 5% by weight, based on the weight of the aftertreatment bath. [0096]
  • When employed in trichromatic dyeing or printing, the reactive dyes used in the method according to the invention and the reactive dyes of formula (1b) according to the invention are distinguished by uniform colour build-up, good pick-up and fixing characteristics, good constancy of shade even at different concentrations, good fastness properties and, especially, by very good combinability. [0097]
  • The trichromatic method according to the invention and the reactive dyes of formula (1b) according to the invention are suitable for dyeing or printing synthetic polyamide fibre materials, such as, for example, polyamide 6 (poly-ε-caprolactam), polyamide 6.6 (polyhexamethyleneadipic amide), polyamide 7, polyamide 6.12 (polyhexamethylenedodecanoic amide), polyamide 11 or polyamide 12, copolyamides with polyamide 6.6 or polyamide 6, for example polymers of hexamethylenediamine, F-caprolactam and adipic acid and polymers of adipic acid, hexamethylenediamine and isophthalic acid or of adipic acid, hexamethylenediamine and 2-methylpentamethylenediamine or 2-ethyltetramethylenediamine, and are also suitable for dyeing or printing blended fabrics or yarns of synthetic polyamide and wool. [0098]
  • The method according to the invention and the reactive dyes according to the invention are advantageously also suitable for dyeing or printing microfibres of synthetic polyamides. Microfibres are to be understood as fibre materials that are composed of threads having an individual thread fineness of less than 1 denier (1.1 dTex). Such microfibres are known and are usually produced by melt-spinning [0099]
  • The reactive dyes of formula (1b) according to the invention are also suitable for dyeing or printing natural polyamide fibre materials, for example wool or silk, especially wool and wool having a machine-wash-resistant finish. [0100]
  • The dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fibre materials is preferred. [0101]
  • The said textile material can be in a very wide variety of processing forms, for example in the form of fibres, yarn, woven fabric, knitted fabric and in the form of carpets. [0102]
  • Level dyeings having good all-round fastness properties, especially good fastness to rubbing, to wetting, to wet rubbing and to light, are obtained. [0103]
  • In the Examples that follow, parts indicate parts by weight. The temperatures are in degrees Celsius. The relationship between parts by weight and parts by volume is the same as that between grams and cubic centimeters.[0104]
  • PREPARATION EXAMPLE 1
  • a) 7 parts of a compound that in free acid form corresponds to formula [0105]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00018
  • are stirred in 100 parts of water, adjusted to pH 6 by the addition of 0.35 part of Na[0106] 2HPO4.12H2O and cooled to a temperature of 0° C. A solution of 4.85 parts of cyanuric chloride and 50 parts of acetone is added dropwise in the course of from 10 to 15 minutes to the suspension so obtained, the pH being maintained at 3 by the addition of aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. Stirring is then carried out for one hour at a temperature of from 0 to 2° C. and a pH value of 3. After the addition of sodium chloride, stirring is continued for a further hour.
  • b) 7.5 parts of a compound that in free acid form corresponds to formula [0107]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00019
  • are dissolved in 100 parts of water and 11.1 parts of 1N sodium hydroxide solution at room temperature and a pH value of 5.5. The resulting solution is then added dropwise in the course of 45 minutes to the solution obtained according to a). During the addition, the pH is maintained at a value of from 5.8 to 6 by the addition of aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution. Stirring is carried out for 90 minutes at room temperature and a pH value of from 5.8 to 6. The dye is then filtered off, subsequently washed with aqueous 10% sodium chloride solution and dried at a temperature of from 30 to 35° C. [0108]
  • c) In order to convert the dye obtained according to b) into the vinylsulfone form, an aqueous solution of the dye is adjusted to pH 10 using trisodium phosphate and stirred for 30 minutes at room temperature. The pH is monitored continuously and corrected where necessary. The end of the reaction is indicated when the pH remains constant. A dye is obtained that in free acid form corresponds to the compound of formula [0109]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00020
  • The dye of formula (101) dyes wool, silk and synthetic polyamide fibre material in red colour shades. [0110]
  • Method Example 1
  • A polyamide 6.6 woven carpet fabric is continuously dyed from a dyebath containing, per 1000 parts of dye bath, [0111]
  • 0.28 part of the red dye of formula [0112]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00021
  • 0.8 part of the yellow dye of formula [0113]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00022
  • 0.46 part of the blue dye of formula [0114]
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00023
  • and also 1.0 part of a customary commercial thickener, 3.0 parts of a customary commercial antifreeze, 1.0 part of a non-ionic wetting agent, and sufficient citric acid to render the dye bath pH 5.5. The woven carpet fabric is then fixed in steam for 5 minutes at 100° C., washed in the usual manner and dried. The woven carpet fabric is distinguished by a uniform dark-brown dyeing having good fastness properties. [0115]
  • Method Examples 2 and 3
  • By proceeding as indicated in Example 1 but, instead of using 0.28 part of the red dye of formula (101), 0.8 part of the yellow dye of formula (102) and 0.46 part of the blue dye of formula (103), using the reactive dyes indicated in column 2 of the following Table 1 in the amounts specified therein, there are likewise obtained brown dyeings that are distinguished by good levelness and good fastness properties. [0116]
    TABLE 1
    Ex. Dye
    2 0.45 part of the red dye of formula (101),
    0.40 part of the blue dye of formula (103) and
    0.70 part of the yellow dye of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00024
    (104)
    3 0.45 part of the red dye of formula (101),
    0.40 part of the blue dye of formula (103) and
    0.42 part of the yellow dye of formula
    (105)
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00025
  • Method Example 3
  • 100 kg of texturised polyamide 6.6 tricot are treated in a dyeing apparatus for 10 min. at 40° C. with 2000 l of liquor containing 4 kg of acetic acid, 0.5 kg of wetting agent and 1 kg of a levelling agent. The pH of the liquor is 3.4. Subsequently, 430 g of the dye of formula (102), 300 g of the dye of formula (101) and 330 g of the dye of formula (103), predissolved in a small amount of water, are added. [0117]
  • The material to be dyed is treated for 5 min. at 40° C. in the dyeing liquor and then heated to 98° C. at a rate of 1° C./min. and dyed at that temperature for 60 min. The dyeing is finished in the usual manner. A level dyeing having very good fastness properties is obtained [0118]
  • Method Example 4
  • 70 kg of a woven fabric of polyamide 6.6 microfibres are treated in a dyeing apparatus for 10 min. at 40° C. with 1500 l of liquor containing 3 kg of formic acid, 0.4 kg of wetting agent and 0.7 kg of a levelling agent. The pH of the liquor is 2.9. Subsequently, 700 g of the dye of formula (102), 1300 g of the dye of formula (101) and 430 g of the dye of formula (103), predissolved in a small amount of water, are added. The material to be dyed is treated for 5 min. at 40° C. in the dyeing liquor and then heated to 110° C. at a rate of 1° C./min. and dyed at that temperature for 60 min. After the dyeing, an alkaline aftertreatment is carried out to improve fastness to wetting properties. For that purpose, using a fresh bath containing 2 g/l of sodium carbonate and having a pH of 9.2, the dyeing is treated for 20 min. at 60° C. The dyeing is then rinsed and finished in the usual manner. A level dyeing having excellent fastness properties is obtained. [0119]
  • Method Example 5
  • The procedure is as described in Method Example 4, except that the alkaline aftertreatment is carried out at 70° C. instead of at 60° C. [0120]
  • Method Example 6
  • The procedure is as described in Method Example 4, except that the alkaline aftertreatment is carried out in a bath containing 5 g/l of sodium carbonate and 5 g/l of hydrosulfite. The dyeing is treated with that bath for 20 min. at 70° C. [0121]
  • Method Example 7 (Space Dyeing)
  • A carpet of polyamide 6 yarn is first of all pad-dyed with a liquor containing, per 1000 parts of liquor, the following components: [0122]
  • 0.01 part of the yellow dye of formula (102) [0123]
  • 0.003 part of the red dye of formula (101), [0124]
  • 0.008 part of the blue dye of formula (103), [0125]
  • 3.00 parts of a customary commercial thickener, [0126]
  • 2.00 parts of a customary commercial non-ionic wetting agent, [0127]
  • 1.00 part of a customary commercial antifreeze, the pH being adjusted to 5 using the required amount of citric acid. [0128]
  • Parts of the dyed carpet are then printed with a printing paste containing, per 1000 parts of printing paste, the following components: [0129]
  • 0.50 part of the red dye of formula (101), [0130]
  • 0.50 part of the blue dye of formula (103), [0131]
  • 15.0 parts of a customary commercial thickener, [0132]
  • 2.00 parts of a customary commercial non-ionic wetting agent, [0133]
  • 1.00 part of a customary commercial antifreeze, [0134]
  • the pH being adjusted to 5 using the required amount of citric acid The dyed and partially printed carpet is then treated with saturated steam for 5 minutes at 100° C., washed in customary manner and dried. The carpet so obtained has, on a beige-coloured ground, red-printed areas which are distinguished by good levelness with good fastness properties. [0135]
  • Method Example 8 (Continuous Dyeing)
  • A carpet of polyamide 6.6 yarn is dyed continuously with a liquor containing, per 1000 parts of liquor, the following components: [0136]
  • 0.8 part of the yellow dye of formula (102) [0137]
  • 0.28 part of the red dye of formula (101), [0138]
  • 0.46 part of the blue dye of formula (103), [0139]
  • 1.00 part of a customary commercial thickener, [0140]
  • 1.00 part of a customary commercial non-ionic wetting agent, [0141]
  • 3.00 parts of a customary commercial antifreeze, [0142]
  • the pH being adjusted to 5.5 using the required amount of citric acid. The dyed carpet fabric is then treated with saturated steam for 5 minutes at 100° C., washed in customary manner and dried. The carpet obtained in that manner is distinguished by a level dark-brown dyeing having very good fastness properties. [0143]
  • Method Example 9 (Displacement Printing)
  • A carpet of polyamide 6.6 yarn is first of all printed with various printing pastes containing the following components, some of which are in varying amounts x, y and z: [0144]
  • x parts of Tectilone® yellow 3R (Ciba Specialty Chemicals), [0145]
  • y parts of Tectilon® red 2B (Ciba Specialty Chemicals), [0146]
  • z parts of Tectilone® blue 4R-01 (Ciba Specialty Chemicals), [0147]
  • for example x is 1.05, y is 0.34 and z is 1.01, [0148]
  • 15.0 parts of a customary commercial thickener, [0149]
  • 10.0 parts of Lyoprint® MP [0150]
  • 2.00 parts of a customary commercial non-ionic wetting agent, [0151]
  • 1.00 part of a customary commercial antifreeze, [0152]
  • the pH being adjusted to 4 using the required amount of citric acid. [0153]
  • The printed carpet is then dyed with a liquor containing, per 1000 parts of liquor, the following components (the liquor pick-up is 350%): [0154]
  • 1.26 parts of the yellow dye of formula (102) [0155]
  • 0.62 part of the red dye of formula (101), [0156]
  • 1.90 parts of the blue dye of formula (103), [0157]
  • 1.00 part of a customary commercial thickener, [0158]
  • 2.00 parts of a customary commercial non-ionic wetting agent, [0159]
  • 2.00 parts of a customary commercial antifreeze, [0160]
  • the pH being adjusted to 5.5 using the required amount of citric acid. [0161]
  • The carpet is then treated with saturated steam for 5 minutes at 100° C., washed in customary manner and dried. The carpet so obtained has, on a dark-violet ground, coloured areas which are distinguished by good levelness with good fastness properties. [0162]

Claims (17)

    What is claimed is
  1. 1. A method for the trichromatic dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fibre material, in which at least one red reactive dye of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00026
    is used together with at least one of the yellow or orange reactive dyes of formulae
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00027
    and at least one blue reactive dye of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00028
     in which formulae
    R1, R4, R6, R10, R15 and R16 are each independently of the others hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano,
    R2, R5, R7, R13 and R14 are each independently of the others hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, ureido, sulfamoyl, halogen, sulfo or carboxy,
    R3 is amino or N-mono- or N,N-di-C1-C4alkylamino,
    R8 is hydrogen, sulfomethyl, carbamoyl or cyano,
    R9 is C1-C4alkyl,
    R11, and R12 are each independently of the other hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen, sulfo or carboxy,
    B is a C2-C6alkylene radical, which may be interrupted by 1, 2 or 3—O— members and which is unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy or by sulfato, or
    a cyclohexylene radical or methylene-cyclohexylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, or
    a phenylene or methylene-phenylene-methylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or by sulfo,
    I is the number 0 or 1,
    k is the number 1, 2 or 3, and
    V1 is a radical of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00029
     in which formulae
    R17 and R19 are each independently of the other hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano,
    R18 is C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or sulfo,
    Z is the radical —CH═CH2 or —CH2—CH2—Y and Y is a leaving group,
    m is the number 0, 1 or 2,
    n is the number 0 or 1, and
    V2, V3, V4 und V5 are each independently of the others a radical of the above-indicated formula (6a), (6b), (6c) or (6d) or a radical of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00030
     wherein
    R20 is hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano, and
    X is a radical
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00031
     and Hal is bromine or chlorine, with the proviso that
    the dye of formula (1) contains two sulfo groups.
  2. 2. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    R1, R4, R6, R10, R15, R16, R17, R19 and R20 are each hydrogen.
  3. 3. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    R2, R5, R7, R13 and R14 are each independently of the others hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, C2-C4alkanoylamino, ureido, sulfo or carboxy, and
    R11 and R12 are each independently of the other hydrogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy or sulfo.
  4. 4. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    R8 is hydrogen, sulfomethyl or carbamoyl.
  5. 5. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    B is a C2-C6alkylene radical, a methylene-cyclohexylene radical unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, or a phenylene or methylene-phenylene-methylene radical each of which is unsubstituted or substituted by C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4alkoxy, halogen or by sulfo.
  6. 6. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    B is a radical of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00032
  7. 7. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    I is the number 0.
  8. 8. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    V1, V2, V3, V4 and V5 are each independently of the others a radical of formula (6c) or (6d) in which R17, R18, R19, Z, m and n are as defined in claim 1.
  9. 9. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    m is the number 0.
  10. 10. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    n is the number 0.
  11. 11. A method according to claim 1, wherein
    R1 is hydrogen, R2 is sulfo, R3 is amino, I is the number 0, and V1 is a radical of formula (6c) in which R17 is hydrogen, Z is vinyl and m is the number 0.
  12. 12. A method according to claim 1, wherein the reactive dye of formula (1) is a reactive dye
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00033
  13. 13. A method according to claim 1, wherein an aftertreatment is carried out at a pH value of from 7 to 12 and a temperature of from 30 to 100° C.
  14. 14. A method according to claim 13, wherein
    a reducing agent is added to the aftertreatment bath.
  15. 15. A reactive dye of formula
    Figure US20030097721A1-20030529-C00034
    wherein
    R1 and R17 are each independently of the other hydrogen, or C1-C4alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, sulfo, sulfato, carboxy or by cyano and
    Z is the radical —CH═CH2 or —CH2—CH2—Y and Y is a leaving group.
  16. 16. A process for dyeing or printing natural or synthetic polyamide fibre material, which comprises applying to said fibre material a reactive dye of formula (1b) according to claim 15.
  17. 17. A process according to claim 16, for dyeing or printing synthetic polyamide fibre material.
US10192092 2001-07-12 2002-07-10 Method for the trichromatic dyeing or printing of synthetic polyamide fibre materials Abandoned US20030097721A1 (en)

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US20050235435A1 (en) * 2002-06-10 2005-10-27 Franz Gruner Method of dyeing or printing synthetic polyamide fibre materials using reactive dyes
US20070094813A1 (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-03 Everlight Usa, Inc. Reactive trichromatic dye set
US20070199164A1 (en) * 2002-12-27 2007-08-30 Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc. Composition for dyeing of cellulosic fabric
US20090041938A1 (en) * 2006-01-26 2009-02-12 Dystar Textilfarben Gmbh & Co. Deutschland Kg Mixtures of fibre reactive dyes production and use thereof
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DE102004002577A1 (en) * 2004-01-17 2005-08-04 Dystar Textilfarben Gmbh & Co. Deutschland Kg Reactive azo dyes, processes for their preparation and their use
DE602005022424D1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2010-09-02 Clariant Finance Bvi Ltd Dyeing process and farbtoffmischungen
CN103044957A (en) * 2010-08-16 2013-04-17 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Yellow nylon reactive dye and preparation method thereof
CN104119694A (en) * 2013-04-28 2014-10-29 浙江科永化工有限公司 Orange reactive dye compound and application
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CN103602099B (en) * 2013-11-27 2017-12-15 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 One kind of blue reactive dyes
CN103589188A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-02-19 天津德凯化工股份有限公司 Orange active dye
CN104559317B (en) * 2014-04-28 2017-01-04 无锡润新染料有限公司 A composite reactive yellow dye composition
CN105860578B (en) * 2015-01-19 2017-12-12 湖北丽源科技股份有限公司 A yellow dye mixture and its application fluorosurfactant
CN104804469B (en) * 2015-05-19 2017-03-22 湖北丽源科技股份有限公司 Brilliant yellow reactive dye mixture of one kind and its application

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US20070199164A1 (en) * 2002-12-27 2007-08-30 Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc. Composition for dyeing of cellulosic fabric
US7931699B2 (en) 2002-12-27 2011-04-26 Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc Compositions for spray dyeing cellulosic fabrics
US7931700B2 (en) 2002-12-27 2011-04-26 Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc Composition for dyeing of cellulosic fabric
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US8597374B2 (en) 2002-12-27 2013-12-03 Hbi Branded Apparel Enterprises, Llc Compositions for spray dyeing of cellulosic fabrics
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