US20030007338A1 - Device and bridge card for a computer - Google Patents

Device and bridge card for a computer Download PDF

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Publication number
US20030007338A1
US20030007338A1 US10048262 US4826202A US2003007338A1 US 20030007338 A1 US20030007338 A1 US 20030007338A1 US 10048262 US10048262 US 10048262 US 4826202 A US4826202 A US 4826202A US 2003007338 A1 US2003007338 A1 US 2003007338A1
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US
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
plug
circuit
boards
connectors
card
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US10048262
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US6661675B2 (en )
Inventor
Hans-Otto Brosowski
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hartmann Elektronik GmbH
Original Assignee
Hartmann Elektronik GmbH
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Filing date
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/14Mounting supporting structure in casing or on frame or rack
    • H05K7/1438Back panels or connecting means therefor; Terminals; Coding means to avoid wrong insertion
    • H05K7/1459Circuit configuration, e.g. routing signals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K1/00Printed circuits
    • H05K1/02Details
    • H05K1/14Structural association of two or more printed circuits
    • H05K1/142Arrangements of planar printed circuit boards in the same plane, e.g. auxiliary printed circuit insert mounted in a main printed circuit

Abstract

A device is described for a computer having two circuit boards (10, 11) on which plug connectors (15) are present for plug-in cards (16) which project above the circuit boards (10, 11) with a first height (H1). There is a bridge card (19), which is plugged into the two circuit boards (10, 11), connecting the two circuit boards (10, 11) electrically and projecting above the circuit boards (10, 11) with a second height (H2). According to this invention, the bridge card (19) is connected to the two circuit boards independently of the plug connectors (15), and the first height (H1) is greater than the second height (H2).

Description

    STATE OF THE ART
  • [0001]
    This invention relates to a device for a computer having at least two circuit boards on which there are plug connectors, for plug-in cards, which project at a first height above the circuit boards, and having a bridge card which is plugged into the two circuit boards and by means of which the two circuit boards are connected together electrically, and which projects at a second height above the circuit boards. This invention also relates to a corresponding bridge card for a computer.
  • [0002]
    Such a device is known for use with a personal computer, for example, where two so-called bus cards are connected together electrically and functionally by a bridge card. With the help of a bridge card, it is possible to increase the number of plug-in slots made available by the bus cards. Plug-in cards such as adapter cards for devices connected to the computer may be plugged into these plug-in slots.
  • [0003]
    It is known that the bridge card is equipped with mating connectors, which can be inserted into the plug connectors on the two circuit boards. When plugged in, the bridge card thus occupies one plug connector on each of the two circuit boards.
  • [0004]
    The bridge card is usually provided with an integrated chip, which provides the electric and functional connection for the two circuit boards. In particular, the chip is suitable for generating selector signals for selecting certain plug-in slots and transmitting them between the circuit boards.
  • [0005]
    As a result of the structural size of the chips, the bridge card covers not only both of the plug connectors of the circuit boards on which it is installed but also the next two plug connectors on the two circuit boards. This means that the bridge card occupies a total of four plug connectors on the two circuit boards rather than just two.
  • [0006]
    The disadvantage of the known bridge card is, therefore, that its presence is automatically associated with plug-in slots on both circuit boards being occupied. Accordingly, additional plug-in cards may not be plugged into these plug-in slots, so that the increase in available plug-in slots that can be achieved with the help of a bridge card is not actually achieved in the related art.
  • OBJECT AND ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    The object of the present invention is to create a device or a bridge card for a computer in which all possible plug-in slots are in fact also available.
  • [0008]
    The object is achieved with a device of the type defined in the preamble by the fact that the bridge card that is connected to two circuit boards, independently of the plug connectors, and a first height that is greater than a second height.
  • [0009]
    In other words, this means that the bridge card is no longer plugged into the plug connectors of the two circuit boards. This alone yields the result that two more plug-in slots are available as compared with that available in the related art.
  • [0010]
    In addition, as a result of the size ratios of the two heights relative to one another, the bridge card projects above the circuit board less, as a whole, than the plug connectors into which the plug-in cards are plugged. Thus, the plug-in cards can be plugged into the plug connectors of the circuit boards without colliding with the bridge card in any way. If plug-in cards are plugged into the plug connectors of the two circuit boards, the bridge card is thus ultimately below the plug-in cards when plugged in. Therefore, plug-in slots are no longer blocked by the bridge card.
  • [0011]
    On the whole, the present invention yields the result that the number of plug-in slots that can possibly be achieved is in fact achieved through use of a bridge card according to the present invention. Thus, no plugin slots are wasted because of the bridge card. This has obvious advantages from the standpoint of computer design and especially with regard to the resulting costs.
  • [0012]
    In advantageous refinements of the present invention, the two circuit boards may be arranged side by side with a distance between them and substantially in a common plane and/or the bridge card may be arranged substantially parallel to the circuit boards.
  • [0013]
    An especially advantageous embodiment of the present invention is characterized in that the bridge card is equipped with at least two mating connectors; the two circuit boards are each equipped with at least one plug connector into which the mating connectors of the bridge card are plugged, and the two circuit boards are connected electrically to the bridge card by the plug connectors and the mating connectors.
  • [0014]
    Thus, separate plug connectors and mating connectors are provided for connecting the bridge card to the two circuit boards. This makes it possible for these plug connectors and mating connectors to be designed very flat or small that the second height remains smaller than the first height. Thus, ultimately, the present invention is implemented by suitably designed plug connectors and mating connectors.
  • [0015]
    In advantageous refinements of the present invention, the plug connectors for the plug-in cards, the plug connectors and the mating connectors are all arranged substantially parallel to one another. In addition, it is advantageous if the second height is determined by the height of the bridge card, the plug connectors, the mating connectors and the chip. It is useful if the bridge card is provided with a chip.
  • [0016]
    In especially advantageous embodiments of the present invention, the plug connectors belong to a PCI bus, especially a compact PCI bus.
  • [0017]
    The present invention is also implemented by a bridge card for a computer, wherein the computer is equipped with at least two circuit boards on which there are plug connectors, for plug-in cards which project above the circuit boards at a first height, wherein a bridge card can be plugged into the two circuit boards, wherein the two circuit boards can be interconnected electrically by the plugged-in bridge card, and wherein the plugged-in bridge card projects with a second height above the circuit boards. According to the present invention, the bridge card is connected to the two circuit boards, independently of the plug connectors, and the bridge card is designed so that the second height is smaller than the first height.
  • [0018]
    Additional features, possible applications and advantages of the present invention are derived from the following description of embodiments of the present invention, which are illustrated in the figures of the drawing. All the features described or illustrated herein constitute the objects of the present invention either alone or in any desired combination, regardless of how they are combined in the patent claims or their reference back to previous claims and also regardless of how they are formulated in the description or presented in the figures.
  • EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 1 illustrates a schematic top view of an embodiment of a device according to the present invention for a computer, and
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 2 illustrates a schematic side view of the device from FIG. 1 as seen from direction II.
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate two circuit boards 10, 11 for a computer. The circuit boards 10, 11 are in particular so-called bus cards of an industrial or personal computer. The circuit boards 10, 11 are arranged side by side, substantially in the same plane, with a specific distance between them.
  • [0022]
    [0022]FIG. 1 illustrates back sides 12 of the circuit boards 10, 11. In the case of bus card, the back side 12 is divided into an upper area 13 and a lower area 14.
  • [0023]
    Plug connectors 15 provided in the upper area 13 of the back side 12 are mounted on the circuit boards 10, 11 and project a distance away from them. Plug-in cards such as adapter cards for a printer or the like to be connected can be plugged into the plug connectors 15. Such a plug-in card, in the plugged in state, is illustrated as an example with dash-dot lines in FIGS. 1 and 2, and is labeled with reference number 16.
  • [0024]
    In the lower area 14 of the back side 12, there are plug connectors 18 which are also mounted on circuit boards 10, 11 and project away from them. Mating connectors 17, which are mounted on the lower side of a bridge card 19 and extend away from it, are plugged into the plug connectors 18.
  • [0025]
    An integrated chip 20 is present on the top side or on the lower side of the bridge card 19. The two circuit boards 10, 11 are connected electrically and functionally to one another by the bridge card 19 and with the help of the chip 20.
  • [0026]
    Two such mating connectors 17 are present on the bridge card 19. Each of the two mating connectors 17 is provided for one plug connector 18 of one of the two circuit boards 10, 11. This yields an electric connection of the circuit board 10 to the bridge card 19 by way of the plug connector 18 and mating connector 17, and from the bridge card 19 to the circuit board 11 by way of the chip 20, mating connector 17 and plug connector 18.
  • [0027]
    The bridge card 19 is arranged approximately parallel to the two circuit boards 10, 11. In addition, bridge card 19 overlaps each of the two circuit boards 10, 11 within the lower area 14. The bridge card 19 extends approximately up to the second plug connector 15 of the two circuit boards 10, 11.
  • [0028]
    The plug connectors 15, plug connectors 18 and mating connectors 17 are aligned approximately parallel to one another. The plug connectors 18 with mating connectors 17 are arranged approximately in the middle between two plug connectors 15. A plug connector 18 with a mating connector 17 plugged into it is provided on the circuit board 10 and on the circuit board 11. The plug connector 18 and/or the mating connector 17 may be designed in two parts here.
  • [0029]
    Additional plug connectors 22 are provided on a front side 21 of the circuit boards 10, 11. Additional plug-in cards, which are illustrated using dash-dot lines in FIG. 2 as an example, are labeled with reference number 23, can also be plugged into plug connectors 22. One of these plug-in cards may be a CPU card, which thus carries the processor of the entire computer.
  • [0030]
    The pins of the plug connectors 22 of the front side 21 are connected electrically to one another on each of the two circuit boards 10, 11 and form a bus on each of the two circuit boards 10, 11. The printed conductors of this bus are arranged substantially in the lower area 14 of the circuit boards 10, 11. In addition, in the upper area 13 of the circuit boards 10, 11, each of the plug connectors 15 on the back side 12 is connected by way of pins to the opposing plug connector 22 on the front side 21.
  • [0031]
    The distance between the plug connectors 15, 22 is 20.32 mm. The two circuit boards 10, 11 are arranged side by side in such a way that the spacer grid formed by the plug connectors 15, 22 is preserved. The bridge card 19 is preferably also adapted to this spacer grid.
  • [0032]
    On each of the two circuit boards 10, 11, the above-mentioned bus and optionally other pins of the plug connectors 15, 22, which are connected together, are connected electrically to the pins of the plug connector 18 belonging to the respective circuit boards 10, 11.
  • [0033]
    The pins of the two mating connectors 17 present on the bridge card 19 are interconnected by the chip 20. The chip 20 is an electronic module, which is suitable for processing signals arriving at the mating connectors 17. The chip is thus suitable for generating so-called selector signals for the individual plug-in cards 16 of the two circuit boards 10, 11, for example, and/or transmitting the signals between the two circuit boards 10, 11.
  • [0034]
    As illustrated in FIG. 2, the plug connectors 15 have a certain first height H1 by which they project above the circuit boards 10, 11. In addition, the plug connectors 18, the mating connectors 17, the bridge card 19 and the chip 20 together have a certain second height H2 by which they project above the circuit boards 10, 11. If the chip 20 is on the lower side of the bridge card 19, it does not contribute anything toward the second height H2.
  • [0035]
    As illustrated in FIG. 2, the first height H1 is greater than the second height H2.
  • [0036]
    This is achieved in particular by the fact that the plug connectors 18 and the mating connectors 17 are designed to be flat or small enough so that the total second height H2 remains smaller than the first height H1.
  • [0037]
    In selecting the second height H2, it may be necessary to take into account the fact that the plug-in cards 16 which are inserted into the plug connectors 15 project slightly above the plug connectors 15 and thus reduce the first height H1 accordingly.
  • [0038]
    The plug-in cards 16 having the bridge card 19 with the chip 20 in the lower area 14 may thus also be plugged into these plug connectors 15. The plug-in cards 16 plugged into these plug connectors 15 are not affected by the bridge card 19 or the chip 20 according to FIG. 2. In particular, the plug-in cards 16 can be plugged completely into the plugs 15 without the plug-in cards 16 coming in contact with the bridge card 19 or the chip 20. The bridge card 19 and the chip 20 are then completely beneath the plug-in cards 16 which are plugged into these plug connectors 15.
  • [0039]
    It is pointed out explicitly here that the two circuit boards 10, 11 may also be present in the form of a single circuit board. In this case, there are two halves on one circuit board which correspond essentially to the two circuit boards 10, 11. These two halves can then be linked together in the same way as the two circuit boards 10, 11 namely by a bridge card which is installed on the circuit board.
  • [0040]
    In addition, it should be pointed out that the circuit boards 10, 11 as well as the combined circuit board described above can also be cascaded with multiple boards.

Claims (10)

  1. 1. A device for a computer having at least two circuit boards (10, 11) on which there are plug connectors (15) for plug-in cards (16) which project above the circuit boards (10, 11) with a first height (H1), and having a bridge card (19) connected to the two circuit boards (10, 11) and connects the two circuit boards (10, 11) electrically and projects above the circuit boards (10, 11) with a second height (H2), characterized in that the bridge card (19) is connected to the two circuit boards independently of the plug connectors (15), and the first height (H1) is greater than the second height (H2).
  2. 2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the two circuit boards (10, 11) are arranged side by side with a specific distance between them, and are arranged substantially in the same plane.
  3. 3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the bridge card (19) is arranged substantially in parallel with the circuit boards (10, 11).
  4. 4. The device according to one of claims 1 through 3, characterized in that the bridge card (19) is provided with at least two mating connectors (18) the two circuit boards (10, 11) are each provided with at least one plug connector (17) into which are plugged the mating connectors (18) of the bridge card (19), and the two circuit boards (10, 11) are connected electrically to the bridge card (19) by the plug connectors (17) and the mating connectors (18).
  5. 5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the plug connectors (15) for the plug-in cards, the plug connectors (18) and the mating connectors (17) are arranged approximately in parallel with one another.
  6. 6. The device according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the second height (H2) is determined by the height of the bridge card (19), the plug connectors (18), the mating connectors (17) and optionally also the chip (20).
  7. 7. The device according to one of claims 1 through 6, characterized in that the bridge card (19) is provided with a chip (20).
  8. 8. The device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the plug connectors (15) belong to a PCI bus, especially a compact PCI bus.
  9. 9. A bridge card (19) for a computer, the computer being provided with at least two circuit boards (10, 11), which have plug connectors (15) for plug-in cards (16) that project above the circuit boards (10, 11) to a first height (H1), the bridge card (19) being pluggable into the two circuit boards (10, 11), the two circuit boards (10, 11) being electrically connectable by way of the plugged-in bridge card (19), and the plugged-in bridge card (19) projecting above the circuit boards (10, 11) to a second height (H2), characterized in that the bridge card (19) is connected to the two circuit boards (10, 11) independently of the plug connectors (15), and the bridge card (19) is designed so that the second height (H2) is smaller than the first height (H1).
  10. 10. The device or bridge card (19) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a single circuit board is provided instead of the minimum of two circuit boards (10, 11).
US10048262 2000-07-04 2001-03-30 Device and bridge card for a computer Expired - Fee Related US6661675B2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2000132339 DE10032339A1 (en) 2000-07-04 2000-07-04 Device for computer with two or more boards has bridge card joined to two boards independently of plugs on boards for plug-in cards
DE10032339.1 2000-07-04
DE10032339 2000-07-04
PCT/EP2001/003670 WO2002003769A1 (en) 2000-07-04 2001-03-30 Device and bridge card for a computer

Publications (2)

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US20030007338A1 true true US20030007338A1 (en) 2003-01-09
US6661675B2 US6661675B2 (en) 2003-12-09

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US10048262 Expired - Fee Related US6661675B2 (en) 2000-07-04 2001-03-30 Device and bridge card for a computer

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US (1) US6661675B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1208727B1 (en)
DE (1) DE10032339A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2002003769A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

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US20050240703A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-10-27 Vincent Nguyen Method and apparatus for providing a bus in a computer system
KR100715436B1 (en) 2005-06-15 2007-05-09 삼성전자주식회사 Printed circuit board

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7746654B2 (en) * 2007-06-07 2010-06-29 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Adaptable plug-in mezzanine card for blade servers
US20090248943A1 (en) * 2008-04-01 2009-10-01 Inventec Corporation Server

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US5006961A (en) * 1988-04-25 1991-04-09 Catene Systems Corporation Segmented backplane for multiple microprocessing modules
US5308926A (en) * 1992-12-08 1994-05-03 Premisys Communications, Inc. Compact isolating backplane for routing electronic signals
US6067594A (en) * 1997-09-26 2000-05-23 Rambus, Inc. High frequency bus system

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DE2806762A1 (en) * 1978-02-17 1979-08-23 Hartmann & Braun Ag Extension adaptor for mechanically coded subassemblies - using board with sliding bars to mate with coding teeth of subassemblies and two connector strips
US4683550A (en) * 1984-07-30 1987-07-28 Burr-Brown Corporation Personal computer instrumentation system including carrier board having bus-oriented plug-in instrumentation modules
US5014163A (en) * 1990-01-30 1991-05-07 John Lin Structure of circuit board assembly
DE9311225U1 (en) 1993-07-27 1994-03-03 Siemens Ag Electronic device
US5848252A (en) * 1996-11-05 1998-12-08 Motorola, Inc. Peripheral component interconnect gateway controller
US6526465B1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2003-02-25 Microsoft Corporation PCI and compactpci integration
US6608761B2 (en) * 2000-12-29 2003-08-19 Intel Corporation Multiple processor cards accessing common peripherals via transparent and non-transparent bridges

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5006961A (en) * 1988-04-25 1991-04-09 Catene Systems Corporation Segmented backplane for multiple microprocessing modules
US5308926A (en) * 1992-12-08 1994-05-03 Premisys Communications, Inc. Compact isolating backplane for routing electronic signals
US6067594A (en) * 1997-09-26 2000-05-23 Rambus, Inc. High frequency bus system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050240703A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-10-27 Vincent Nguyen Method and apparatus for providing a bus in a computer system
US7246190B2 (en) * 2004-04-21 2007-07-17 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for bringing bus lanes in a computer system using a jumper board
KR100715436B1 (en) 2005-06-15 2007-05-09 삼성전자주식회사 Printed circuit board

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1208727A1 (en) 2002-05-29 application
US6661675B2 (en) 2003-12-09 grant
WO2002003769A1 (en) 2002-01-10 application
DE10032339A1 (en) 2002-01-24 application
EP1208727B1 (en) 2004-08-04 grant

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