US20030001424A1 - Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process - Google Patents

Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20030001424A1
US20030001424A1 US09/892,263 US89226301A US2003001424A1 US 20030001424 A1 US20030001424 A1 US 20030001424A1 US 89226301 A US89226301 A US 89226301A US 2003001424 A1 US2003001424 A1 US 2003001424A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
grid
attachment strips
frame
suspension article
suspension
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US09/892,263
Inventor
David Mundell
T. Turner
Gary Lehman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
L&P Property Management Co
Original Assignee
L&P Property Management Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by L&P Property Management Co filed Critical L&P Property Management Co
Priority to US09/892,263 priority Critical patent/US20030001424A1/en
Assigned to L & P PROPERTY MANAGEMENT COMPANY reassignment L & P PROPERTY MANAGEMENT COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: LEHMAN, GARY A., MUNDELL, DAVID, TURNER, T. ROSS
Publication of US20030001424A1 publication Critical patent/US20030001424A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/02Seat parts
    • A47C7/28Seat parts with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/02Seat parts
    • A47C7/16Seats made of wooden, plastics, or metal sheet material; Panel seats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/02Seat parts
    • A47C7/28Seat parts with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type
    • A47C7/282Seat parts with tensioned springs, e.g. of flat type with mesh-like supports, e.g. elastomeric membranes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/36Support for the head or the back
    • A47C7/40Support for the head or the back for the back
    • A47C7/46Support for the head or the back for the back with special, e.g. adjustable, lumbar region support profile; "Ackerblom" profile chairs
    • A47C7/462Support for the head or the back for the back with special, e.g. adjustable, lumbar region support profile; "Ackerblom" profile chairs adjustable by mechanical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/70Upholstery springs ; Upholstery
    • B60N2/7011Upholstery springs ; Upholstery of substantially two-dimensional shape, e.g. hammock-like, plastic shells, fabrics

Abstract

A suspension article has a frame, a substantially uniplaner non-woven grid, and fasteners. The grid is integrally extruded with a pair of attachment strips, and the fasteners attach the grid to the frame through the attachment strips. In the preferred embodiment, the fasteners are a pair of J-strips integrally extruded with the attachment strips. The process for manufacturing the suspension article includes the steps of extruding a grid, extruding attachment strips integral with the grid, stretching the grid between the attachment strips, and attaching the stretched grid to the frame through the attachment strips.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • Not Applicable. [0001]
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
  • Not Applicable. [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention [0003]
  • This invention relates to the field of seat suspensions and particularly to lightweight suspension systems using elastomeric materials and the methods of their manufacture. [0004]
  • 2. Description of Related Art [0005]
  • Conventional seat suspension systems used in the furniture and automotive industries can be broken down into several basic seat types. [0006]
  • One seat type uses formed wire, commonly called sinuous wire, to create the suspension article. Pieces of sinuous wire are formed into uniplaner shapes, usually repeating “S” curves, along their lengths. The wires transverse and are connected to a frame, and the wires may be connected together as they are suspended across the frame. This type of suspension system requires multiple part construction during assembly which increases its cost in use. Also, the suspension system is bulky and requires thick padding over the suspension article to prevent the user from feeling the wires. These systems are also quite heavy and require insulating material to prevent noise which can be generated by contact of the metal surfaces. [0007]
  • Another somewhat similar seat type is a manufactured wire grid, in which parallel wire members attached to a border element at their ends to form a support grid. The support grid is held to a frame by helical springs, wire forms or by the edge of the support grid itself. Again, this system can be time consuming to construct and install. Also, its metal construction can be noisy and inefficient and usually requires thick padding. [0008]
  • Another seat type uses elastomeric materials in the suspension article, including suspension articles made with individual elastomeric filaments, a sheet of elastomeric material, or a woven or knit elastomeric fabric. These designs are numerous but a woven elastomeric suspension article may be exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 4,869,554 to Abu-Isa, in which a material containing some type of elastic or elastomeric filament is used within the weave. The use of individual elastomeric filaments is exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 4,545,614, also to Abu-Isa, in which the suspension article has individual, parallel elastomeric filaments with ends that are secured to rods. The filaments are not connected to each other between the rods, and as compared to the manufactured wire grid, the rods and individual filaments perform similar functions as the border elements and the wire elements, respectively. Some elastomeric suspension articles may be formed from a solid sheet of elastomeric material as exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 3,375,861 to Marlow, and others may start as a solid sheet of material that is sliced and pulled into a grid of twisted strips as exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 3,080,579 to Gordon. [0009]
  • These elastomeric suspension articles are usually pre-stretched and supported in a frame by known means, including clips, hangers, or ties. As evidenced by U.S. Pat. No. 5,582,463 to Linder, it is also known to sew separate J-strip fasteners onto suspension articles for attachment to the frame. Similarly, as evidenced by U.S. Pat. No. 2,791,807 to Morin, it is known to mold separate J-strip fasteners onto a perforated sheet of material. However, none of these elastomeric suspension articles individually, or in combination, suggests a suspension article having an integrally formed elastomeric grid including an integral border element which may contain an integral J-strip fastener. [0010]
  • The disadvantages of these designs include increased manufacturing costs due to weaving and knitting operations, attaching individual filaments to rods, or otherwise forming a grid from a sheet of material, as well as that of connecting attachment elements to the suspension articles. Additionally, the cost of and structural weakness resulting from sewing a J-strip or securing a similar fastener to the material is a significant drawback. There is a also a disadvantage when providing an area for a hanger, resulting in an area where the article provides no suspension for the user of the seat. Finally, the lack of a cost effective and efficient method of stretching the units during installation limits their usefulness. [0011]
  • Various plastic meshes and nettings have also been tried to remedy the disadvantages of the above systems. These plastic arrangements exhibit many of the same disadvantages of their fabric counterparts. Specifically, their use of known methods for mounting the mesh or net to the frame results in structural weak spots as well as lack of effectiveness in uniformly supporting the user. Also, these units have exhibited a tendency to be difficult to stretch during installation. [0012]
  • BRIEF DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
  • It is a purpose of the present invention to eliminate the above disadvantages by providing a suspension article comprising a frame, a substantially uniplaner non-woven grid, and fasteners. The grid is integrally formed with a pair of attachment strips, and the fasteners attach the grid to the frame through the attachment strips. In the preferred embodiment, the fasteners are a pair of J-strips integrally extruded with the attachment strips. In another aspect of the invention, a process for producing a suspension article comprises the steps of forming a grid integrally with attachment strips, and stretching the grid between and attaching the grid to the frame through the attachment strips. In yet another aspect of the invention, the suspension article is attached to the frame through an adjustment means for changing the tautness of the grid, thereby allowing the suspension article to provide a range of support. [0013]
  • A second purpose of the present invention is to produce a lightweight suspension article comprised of an elastomeric grid which can be quickly and easily installed in a frame. [0014]
  • A third purpose of the invention is to produce a suspension article that provides effectively solid support for the user, thus eliminating the need for thick padding to prevent feeling the members of the suspension system. [0015]
  • A fourth purpose is to provide a suspension article with integral attachment strips and fasteners to eliminate as much as possible the weaknesses associated with subsequently attached fasteners. [0016]
  • A fifth purpose is to provide a suspension article which can be easily and efficiently stretched before or during installation. [0017]
  • A sixth purpose is to provide a suspension article with uniform or near uniform support over its entire surface and can provide a range of support depending on the tautness of the grid. [0018]
  • A seventh purpose is to provide a suspension article with reduced noise producing capability. [0019]
  • Other objects of the present invention will be apparent or pointed out herein.[0020]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the preferred embodiment of the invention; [0021]
  • FIG. 2 is a plan view of the grid for the preferred embodiment in its pre-stretched form; [0022]
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an alternate suspension article; [0023]
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an alternate suspension article; [0024]
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the preferred embodiment of the invention installed in an automobile seat.[0025]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Turning to FIG. 1, a suspension article [0026] 10 comprises a substantially uniplaner, non-woven grid 12 integrally formed with a pair of attachment strips 14, 16. In the preferred embodiment, the grid 12 is comprised of an elastomeric material, and the attachment strips 14, 16 respectively include a pair of J-strip fasteners 18, 20. The J-strip fasteners 18, 20 attach the grid 12 to a frame 22 though the attachment strips 14, 16. The grid 12 has closely-spaced primary members 24 that are connected by points of intersection 26 between the attachment strips 14, 16. When the grid 12 is patterned as illustrated in FIG. 1, the points of intersection 26 line up and form ribs 28 substantially perpendicular to the primary members 24 and the primary members 24 are substantially parallel to each other.
  • The close spacing of the primary members [0027] 24 is important to ensure that the support given by the suspension article 10 is as close to uniform as possible. In this way, the grid 12 may be used without padding, such as on outdoor furniture. Additionally uniform support ensures that the user will not feel the grid 12 even if thin padding (shown in FIG. 4) is used. The close spacing also allows for efficient and effective stretching of the suspension article 10 in the direction of the primary members 24. This can be accomplished by engaging hooks, tabs or other suitable elements of a stretching machine (not shown) between the primary members 24 at the attachment strips 14, 16. By this secure engagement, the grid 12 can be stretched for mounting onto the frame 22.
  • In the preferred embodiment, the grid [0028] 12 has a count of approximately five (5) primary members 24 per inch with equal spacing between them throughout the grid 12. The count of the grid 12 may range from one (1) to twenty (20) depending on the application of the suspension article 10. The grid 12 may also have variable spacing between the primary members 24 if desired so as to vary the amount of suspension at different regions of the suspension article 10. Also, the spacing and count of the primary members 24 may depend on or vary with the width of the primary members 24. In the preferred embodiment, the primary members 24 are approximately 0.06 inches thick with a known effective range of 0.02 inches to 0.10 inches in present applications. It should be understood, however, that the primary members 24 can be of any suitable size or shape and may vary in size and shape within a single grid 12 in order to provide, among other things, varying levels of support to the user.
  • The points of intersection [0029] 26 connect the primary members 24 and serve principally to maintain the spacing of the primary members 24 between the attachment strips 14, 16, according to the pattern of the grid 12. As presented above, the grid 12 is integrally formed with attachment strips 14, 16 which border the grid 12. It will be appreciated that no part of the grid 12, neither the primary members 24 nor the points of intersection 26, is formed as an individual filament or as an attachment element separate from the grid 12, thereby eliminating any need to alternatively (1) weave individual filaments together into a woven grid structure, or (2) use separate border elements for connecting individual filaments together in a grid structure, or (3) slice and pull an elastomeric sheet into a grid structure with twisted strips. Additionally, it will be appreciated that the attachment strips 14, 16 are not formed separately from the grid 12, thereby eliminating any need to use separate attachment devices for connecting a grid structure to border elements.
  • It is possible to produce points of intersection [0030] 26 with a different thickness than the primary members 24 but in the preferred embodiment, the points of intersection 26 have the same thickness as the primary members 24. Accordingly, for a grid 12 having ribs 28, such ribs 28 preferably have the same thickness as the primary members 24. Additionally, for a grid 12 having substantially parallel, non-intersecting primary members 24, it is possible for the only points of intersection 26 to be located at each end of each of the primary members 24, where the primary members 24 join the attachment strips 14, 16, in which case there would not be any ribs 28 in the grid 12. The grid 12 may also be formed in other patterns which have points of intersection 26 that do not form ribs 28.
  • The J-strip fasteners [0031] 18, 20 are strips of material that are preferably extruded with the grid 12 in their hook shape. The J-strip fasteners 18, 20 can be secured over a frame edge or a protrusion to secure the grid 12 to the frame 22. The J-strip fasteners 18, 20 may be continuous across the entire length of the grid 12, as with the attachment strips 14, 16 or the J-strip fasteners 18, 20 may be discontinuous, located only at portions of the attachment strips 14, 16, as desired.
  • Various elastomeric materials can be utilized to create the grid [0032] 12. Suitable commercially available compounds include RIGHTFLEX sold by Ticona and HYTREL sold by DuPont. The preferred embodiment uses RIGHTFLEX. It should be noted, however, that the invention is not limited to using only these compounds. In general, elastomeric compounds with thermoplastic characteristics are most suitable for making the grid 12. Accordingly, many known extrusion and injection molding methods can be used to make the grid 12 and attachment strips 14, 16 as disclosed herein, although the extrusion method is preferred. As illustrated in FIG. 2, the grid 12 may be formed by initially producing a substantially uniplanar, pre-stretched grid 29 with integral attachment strips 14, 16. The pre-stretched grid 29 is then stretched in the direction of the solid arrows to produce the grid 12 as described above and also illustrated in FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 3 shows a perspective view of the grid [0033] 12 with alternative attachment strips 30, 32, each of which respectively contains a wire 34, 36 embedded therein. The wires 34, 36 impart sufficient strength and rigidity to the attachment strips 30, 32 that the grid 12 can be secured to a frame 22 simply by engaging the wire with appropriate fasteners 38, 40, such as hooks, tabs, staples, wells, or other suitable elements of the frame 22. Just as the J-strip fasteners 18, 20 may be extruded discontinuously, when the wires 34, 36 are inserted into the attachment strips 30, 32, portions thereof may be extruded discontinuously, resulting in exposed portions of the wires 42 and providing discrete locations to attach fasteners 38, 40.
  • FIG. 4 shows a perspective view of the grid [0034] 12 with flat, wide attachment strips 42, 44. The flat, wide attachment strips 42, 44 are appropriate for hooking, stapling, nailing, gluing, or other mechanical means of securing the grid 12 to the frame 22 with appropriate fasteners 38, 40. The thickness and width of the flat, wide attachment strips 42, 44 may vary as necessary for a given application. Additionally, a portion of the pre-stretched grid 29 may serve as the flat, wide attachment strip 42.
  • Referring to FIG. 5, the suspension article [0035] 10 is shown in a vehicle seat 46. As illustrated, the suspension article 10 may be integrated into a lumbar support structure 48 in the backrest portion 50 of the seat 46 and may also be used in the bottom portion 52 of the seat 46. As used in the bottom portion 52, the suspension article 10 is formed and attached as discussed above. In particular, the grid 12 is integrally formed with attachment strips 14, 16, and the grid 12 is then stretched between and attached to the frame 22 through the attachment strips 14, 16. According to the preferred embodiment, the attachment strips 14, 16 are respectively extruded with a pair of J-strip fasteners 18, 20. It will also be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the suspension article 10 may also be used in many support structures for different types furniture. For example, the present invention could be used in a bed, including a lightweight and inexpensive cot, futon or hammock.
  • As used in the lumbar support structure [0036] 48, the grid 12 has at least one attachment strip 16 that is attached to the frame 22 through an actuated fastener 54 such that the attachment strip 16 can be moved relative to the frame 22. The lumbar support structure 48 illustrated in FIG. 5 operates by varying the tension across the grid 12. As the actuated fastener 54 moves closer to the frame 22 and away from the other attachment strip 14, the tension across the grid 12 increases. Similarly as the actuated fastener 54 moves further from the frame 22 and toward the other attachment strip 14, the tension across the grid 12 decreases.
  • According to the preferred embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5, the actuated fastener [0037] 54 has an actuator 56 and a bowden cable 58. The bowden cable 58 has an unsheathed bowden cable section 60 connected between the frame 22 and the attachment strip 16 and a sheathed bowden cable section 62 connected between the frame 22 and the actuator 56. The sheathed bowden cable section 62 may be directly attached to the frame 22 or may be attached through a mounting 64 on the frame 22. Although the actuated fastener 54 is shown with an individual fastener 66, separate from the attachment strip 16, it will be appreciated that the attachment strip 16 could be integrally formed with a J-strip fastener 20 for attaching the unsheathed bowden cable section 58. Similarly, the attachment strip 16 could be integrally formed with an attachment notch (not shown) for the unsheathed bowden cable section 58, thereby producing an integral attachment element (not shown)
  • Of course, it will be appreciated that such a lumbar support structure [0038] 48 could alternatively move the pair attachment strips 14, 16 rather than moving a single attachment strip 16 and such alternative design would be within the scope of the present invention. Additionally, it is well-known that lumbar support can also be varied by moving a support structure towards the occupant, and it is anticipated that the suspension article 10 according to the present invention could function as this type of support structure in a lumbar support device (not shown). Finally, the lumbar support structure 48 could be fitted with a grid structure presently known in the art, such as an elastomeric fabric (not shown).
  • In view of the foregoing, it will be seen that the several advantages of the invention are achieved and attained. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention in various embodiments and with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. [0039]
  • As various modifications could be made in the constructions and methods herein described and illustrated without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative rather than limiting. For example, it will be appreciated that the grid pattern may be varied, as evident in U.S. Pat. No. 3,252,181 to Hureau, without departing from the scope of the present invention. Thus, the breadth and scope of the present invention should not be limited by any of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but should be defined only in accordance with the following claims appended hereto and their equivalents. [0040]

Claims (20)

We claim:
1. A suspension article, comprising:
a frame;
a substantially uniplaner, non-woven grid integrally formed with a pair of attachment strips; and
a plurality of fasteners attaching said uniplaner, non-woven grid to said frame through said attachment strips.
2. A suspension article according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of fasteners is a pair of J-strip fasteners integrally formed with said attachment strips.
3. A suspension article according to claim 1, wherein said substantially uniplaner, non-woven grid comprises closely-spaced primary members and points of intersection, said closely-spaced primary members being connected by said points of intersection.
4. A suspension article according to claim 3 wherein said points of intersection are in line between said attachment strips, thereby forming a plurality of ribs substantially perpendicular to said closely-spaced primary members.
5. A suspension article according to claim 3 wherein said points of intersection are located at said attachment strips.
6. A suspension article according to claim 1, wherein each of said attachment strips is comprised of a pre-stretched grid section.
7. A suspension article according to claim 1, wherein each of said attachment strips has a wire embedded therein.
8. A suspension article according to claim 1, wherein at least one of said plurality of fasteners is an actuated fastener attached to one of said pair of attachment strips.
9. A suspension article according to claim 8, wherein said actuated fastener comprises an individual fastener, an actuator, and a bowden cable, said bowden cable having an unsheathed bowden cable section connecting said frame to said one attachment strip through said individual fastener and a sheathed bowden cable section connecting said frame to said actuator.
10. A suspension article, comprising:
a frame; and
a substantially uniplaner, non-woven grid integrally formed with a pair of J-strip fasteners, said J-strip fasteners attaching said grid to said frame.
11. A suspension article according to claim 10, wherein at least one of said J-strip fasteners is an actuated fastener.
12. A suspension article according to claim 10, wherein said substantially uniplaner, non-woven grid comprises closely-spaced primary members and points of intersection, said closely-spaced primary members being connected by said points of intersection.
13. A suspension article according to claim 12 wherein said points of intersection are in line between said J-strip fasteners, thereby forming a plurality of ribs substantially perpendicular to said closely-spaced primary members.
14. A suspension article according to claim 12 wherein said points of intersection are located at said J-strip fasteners.
15. A process for producing a suspension article for a support structure having a frame, comprising the steps of:
forming a grid integrally with attachment strips; and
stretching said grid between and attaching said grid to the frame through said attachment strips.
16. A process according to claim 15, further comprising the step of:
inserting a wire into said parallel attachment strips while forming said grid.
17. A process according to claim 15, wherein said attachment strips are formed intermittently.
18. A process according to claim 15, wherein said attachment strips are a pair of J-strip fasteners.
19. A process according to claim 15, wherein said forming step is performed by extruding said grid.
20. A process according to claim 15, wherein said forming step is performed by injection molding said grid.
US09/892,263 2001-06-27 2001-06-27 Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process Abandoned US20030001424A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09/892,263 US20030001424A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2001-06-27 Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09/892,263 US20030001424A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2001-06-27 Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process
PCT/US2002/014501 WO2003001945A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2002-05-09 Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20030001424A1 true US20030001424A1 (en) 2003-01-02

Family

ID=25399676

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09/892,263 Abandoned US20030001424A1 (en) 2001-06-27 2001-06-27 Integral elastomeric suspension article and manufacturing process

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20030001424A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2003001945A1 (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040051358A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-03-18 Bodnar David A. Control mechanism for seating unit
US20040245841A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-12-09 Peterson Gordon J. Comfort surface for seating
US20070246873A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2007-10-25 Vanderiet Douglas M Multilayer load bearing structure
US20080106134A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2008-05-08 Heidmann Kurt R Seat suspension and method of manufacture
US20080190044A1 (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 Mark Thomas Black Wire rope tension grid improvements
US20080264425A1 (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-10-30 Donald David Mundell Overmolded Lumbar Support Apparatus and Method
US20090224594A1 (en) * 2008-03-05 2009-09-10 Picard Ronald E Shaped fabric chair diaphragm and method of forming same
WO2010011633A1 (en) * 2008-07-25 2010-01-28 Herman Miller, Inc. Multi-layered support structure
US7740321B2 (en) 2006-05-12 2010-06-22 Herman Miller, Inc. Suspended pixelated seating structure
WO2010069411A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-06-24 Comatel Casuel Seat cushion bottom element for a seat
WO2010104636A1 (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-16 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Molded load bearing surface and method of manufacture
WO2011082127A1 (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-07 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Load bearing support surface
US20110291381A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-12-01 Drive Medical Design & Mfg. Wheelchair having an adjustable seat
JP2013230787A (en) * 2012-05-01 2013-11-14 Toyota Boshoku Corp Vehicle seat
CN104066358A (en) * 2011-10-31 2014-09-24 布克哈德·施米茨 Seating furniture with a saddle-shaped seat base
USD743712S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
US20160009199A1 (en) * 2014-07-08 2016-01-14 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehcle seat
US9560916B1 (en) * 2015-10-13 2017-02-07 L&P Property Management Company Web strap attachment to metal frame
US20180126887A1 (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-05-10 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle Seat Structure
US10159351B1 (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-12-25 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Variable stiffness textile panel assembly
US10165862B2 (en) 2011-10-31 2019-01-01 Johann Burkhard Schmitz Support structure for saddle-form seat surface
US10384737B2 (en) * 2017-03-23 2019-08-20 Harley-Davidson Motor Company Group, LLC Motorcycle seat assembly with hammock-type suspension

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4603907A (en) * 1983-11-30 1986-08-05 Hoover Universal, Inc. J-clip mounting system for load bearing seat members
US5823620A (en) * 1997-04-17 1998-10-20 Lear Corporation Vehicle seat having lumbar support
US5984407A (en) * 1996-02-23 1999-11-16 Mccord Winn Textron Inc. Cable attachment for a lumbar support
US6334651B1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2002-01-01 Schukra Geratebau Gmbh Lumbar support adjusting mechanism
US6402246B1 (en) * 2001-04-11 2002-06-11 L&P Property Management Simplified strap lumbar support device
US6557938B1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2003-05-06 L & P Property Management Company Adjustable lumbar device

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2791807A (en) 1952-11-28 1957-05-14 Louis H Morin Method of producing separable fastener stringers with extruded plastic fastener on one edge portion of the tape thereof
US3080579A (en) 1960-06-22 1963-03-12 Gordon Chapman Co Platform structure for upholstered article and method of manufacture
GB969573A (en) 1962-09-13 1964-09-09 Pirelli Ltd Improvements in or relating to upholstery support members and the like
JPS6133565B2 (en) * 1978-12-27 1986-08-02 Tachikawa Spring Co
US4545614A (en) 1984-02-09 1985-10-08 General Motors Corporation Thin elastomeric seat
US4869554A (en) 1988-05-17 1989-09-26 General Motors Corporation Elastomeric woven mat seat suspension
US5582463A (en) 1995-07-10 1996-12-10 Hoover Universal, Inc. Seat assembly with improved attachment of a suspension mat to a seat frame

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4603907A (en) * 1983-11-30 1986-08-05 Hoover Universal, Inc. J-clip mounting system for load bearing seat members
US5984407A (en) * 1996-02-23 1999-11-16 Mccord Winn Textron Inc. Cable attachment for a lumbar support
US6045185A (en) * 1996-02-23 2000-04-04 Textron Automotive Company, Inc. Cable attachment for a lumbar support
US5823620A (en) * 1997-04-17 1998-10-20 Lear Corporation Vehicle seat having lumbar support
US6334651B1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2002-01-01 Schukra Geratebau Gmbh Lumbar support adjusting mechanism
US6557938B1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2003-05-06 L & P Property Management Company Adjustable lumbar device
US6402246B1 (en) * 2001-04-11 2002-06-11 L&P Property Management Simplified strap lumbar support device

Cited By (60)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7264311B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2007-09-04 Steelcase Development Corporation Synchrotilt seating unit with comfort surface
US20040245840A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-12-09 Tubergen Renard G. Seating with comfort surface
US20040245841A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-12-09 Peterson Gordon J. Comfort surface for seating
US20060170263A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2006-08-03 Heidmann Kurt R Synchrotilt seating unit with comfort surface
US20070114827A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2007-05-24 Bodnar David A Control mechanism for seating unit
US20040051358A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2004-03-18 Bodnar David A. Control mechanism for seating unit
US7334845B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2008-02-26 Steelcase Development Corporation Comfort surface for seating
WO2004107920A1 (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-16 Steelcase Development Corporation Comfort surface for seating
US20070246873A1 (en) * 2003-10-23 2007-10-25 Vanderiet Douglas M Multilayer load bearing structure
US7931257B2 (en) 2003-10-23 2011-04-26 Herman Miller, Inc. Multilayer load bearing structure
US20100127551A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2010-05-27 Heidmann Kurt R Seat suspension and method of manufacture
US20080106134A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2008-05-08 Heidmann Kurt R Seat suspension and method of manufacture
US7926880B2 (en) 2006-04-28 2011-04-19 Steelcase Inc. Seat suspension and method of manufacture
US20100253128A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2010-10-07 Herman Miller, Inc. Suspended pixelated seating structure
US7740321B2 (en) 2006-05-12 2010-06-22 Herman Miller, Inc. Suspended pixelated seating structure
US8186761B2 (en) 2006-05-12 2012-05-29 Herman Miller, Inc. Suspended pixelated seating structure
US20080190044A1 (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 Mark Thomas Black Wire rope tension grid improvements
US20140144725A1 (en) * 2007-02-08 2014-05-29 Interamerica Stage, Inc. Wire Rope Tension Grid Improvements
US9938733B2 (en) * 2007-02-08 2018-04-10 Interamerica Stage, Inc. Wire rope tension grid improvements
US8672092B2 (en) * 2007-02-08 2014-03-18 Interamerica Stage, Inc. Wire rope tension grid improvements
US7854479B2 (en) * 2007-04-30 2010-12-21 L&P Property Management Company Overmolded lumbar support apparatus and method
US20080264425A1 (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-10-30 Donald David Mundell Overmolded Lumbar Support Apparatus and Method
US20090224594A1 (en) * 2008-03-05 2009-09-10 Picard Ronald E Shaped fabric chair diaphragm and method of forming same
US7588297B1 (en) 2008-03-05 2009-09-15 Franklin Products, Inc. Shaped fabric chair diaphragm and method of forming same
WO2010011633A1 (en) * 2008-07-25 2010-01-28 Herman Miller, Inc. Multi-layered support structure
US8691370B2 (en) 2008-07-25 2014-04-08 Herman Miller, Inc. Multi-layered support structure
CN102164522A (en) * 2008-07-25 2011-08-24 赫尔曼米勒有限公司 Multi-layered support structure
US9629467B2 (en) 2008-07-25 2017-04-25 Herman Miller, Inc. Method for manufacturing a multi-layered support structure
US20100021685A1 (en) * 2008-07-25 2010-01-28 Brill Ryan S Multi-layered support structure
FR2940029A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-06-25 Comatel Casuel Seat background element for seat
WO2010069411A1 (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-06-24 Comatel Casuel Seat cushion bottom element for a seat
US9131776B2 (en) * 2009-03-10 2015-09-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Molded load bearing surface and method of manufacture
WO2010104636A1 (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-16 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Molded load bearing surface and method of manufacture
CN102368929A (en) * 2009-03-10 2012-03-07 伊利诺斯工具制品有限公司 Molded load bearing surface and method of manufacture
US20120018607A1 (en) * 2009-03-10 2012-01-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Molded load bearing surface and method of manufacture
WO2011082127A1 (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-07 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Load bearing support surface
US10342352B2 (en) 2009-12-31 2019-07-09 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Load bearing support surface
CN102711558A (en) * 2009-12-31 2012-10-03 伊利诺斯工具制品有限公司 Load bearing support surface
DE112010004318B4 (en) * 2009-12-31 2017-03-23 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Load-bearing support surface
US20110291381A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-12-01 Drive Medical Design & Mfg. Wheelchair having an adjustable seat
US8801100B2 (en) * 2010-05-28 2014-08-12 Drive Medical Design & Mfg. Wheelchair having an adjustable seat
US8449032B2 (en) * 2010-05-28 2013-05-28 Drive Medical Design & Mfg. Wheelchair having an adjustable seat
US9333133B2 (en) 2010-05-28 2016-05-10 Drive Medical Design & Mfg. Wheelchair having an adjustable seat
CN104066358A (en) * 2011-10-31 2014-09-24 布克哈德·施米茨 Seating furniture with a saddle-shaped seat base
US10165862B2 (en) 2011-10-31 2019-01-01 Johann Burkhard Schmitz Support structure for saddle-form seat surface
US20150102642A1 (en) * 2011-10-31 2015-04-16 Claudia Plikat Piece of seating furniture having a saddle-form seat surface
US9538848B2 (en) * 2011-10-31 2017-01-10 Johann Burkhard Schmitz Piece of seating furniture having a saddle-form seat surface
JP2013230787A (en) * 2012-05-01 2013-11-14 Toyota Boshoku Corp Vehicle seat
USD777474S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-01-31 Herman Miller, Inc. Desk
USD761048S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-07-12 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
USD752893S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-04-05 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
USD761029S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2016-07-12 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair with desk
USD743712S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
US10328825B2 (en) 2014-07-08 2019-06-25 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle seat
US9937820B2 (en) * 2014-07-08 2018-04-10 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle seat
US20160009199A1 (en) * 2014-07-08 2016-01-14 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehcle seat
US9560916B1 (en) * 2015-10-13 2017-02-07 L&P Property Management Company Web strap attachment to metal frame
US20180126887A1 (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-05-10 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle Seat Structure
US10384737B2 (en) * 2017-03-23 2019-08-20 Harley-Davidson Motor Company Group, LLC Motorcycle seat assembly with hammock-type suspension
US10159351B1 (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-12-25 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Variable stiffness textile panel assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2003001945A1 (en) 2003-01-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3774967A (en) Seating and sub-assembly for seats and backs
US5318348A (en) Cushioned sling chair
CA2368799C (en) Load bearing fabric attachment and associated method
JP5020448B2 (en) Vehicle seat
JP2925193B2 (en) Cushion cover and cushion support base and the locking device
US5988745A (en) Support structures for incorporation in a seat frame
DE60225573T2 (en) Three-dimensional filetware as wall reinforcement
US6152534A (en) Seat having seating face made of sheet resilient material
US5632526A (en) Warp knit weft-insertion elastomeric fabric
US7270378B2 (en) Chair having a suspension seat assembly
US6263573B1 (en) Seating product with sinuous spring assemblies
US7334845B2 (en) Comfort surface for seating
KR100440991B1 (en) Net fabric for processing
US6061881A (en) Molded engaging member for surface fastener
US20050269848A1 (en) Chair back for a chair
US6644752B2 (en) Folding seat having a belt member
US4454183A (en) Strip material with heat-formed hooked heads
EP1048246B1 (en) Seat having seat surface of planar elastic body
US6616239B2 (en) Rail clip for seat bases
US6676218B2 (en) Vehicle seat
EP2026680B1 (en) Load bearing surface
US8528984B2 (en) Seat trim retention clip
EP0177664B1 (en) Floor mat
EP1186468B1 (en) Upholstery for a motor-vehicle seat backrest
JP3012258B2 (en) Cover for the fabric piece

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: L & P PROPERTY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MUNDELL, DAVID;TURNER, T. ROSS;LEHMAN, GARY A.;REEL/FRAME:011953/0727;SIGNING DATES FROM 20010411 TO 20010530

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION