US20020198080A1 - Training device - Google Patents

Training device Download PDF

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Publication number
US20020198080A1
US20020198080A1 US10/144,724 US14472402A US2002198080A1 US 20020198080 A1 US20020198080 A1 US 20020198080A1 US 14472402 A US14472402 A US 14472402A US 2002198080 A1 US2002198080 A1 US 2002198080A1
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Prior art keywords
training
training parameter
electronics unit
characterized
rotation
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Abandoned
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US10/144,724
Inventor
Martin Reck
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Reck Anton
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Martin Reck
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Publication date
Priority to DE10124087.2 priority Critical
Priority to DE10124087 priority
Application filed by Martin Reck filed Critical Martin Reck
Publication of US20020198080A1 publication Critical patent/US20020198080A1/en
Assigned to RECK, ANTON reassignment RECK, ANTON ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: RECK, MARTIN
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/00181Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices comprising additional means assisting the user to overcome part of the resisting force, i.e. assisted-active exercising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/005Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using electromagnetic or electric force-resisters
    • A63B21/0058Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using electromagnetic or electric force-resisters using motors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/06Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement
    • A63B22/0605Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with support elements performing a rotating cycling movement, i.e. a closed path movement performing a circular movement, e.g. ergometers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0476Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs by rotating cycling movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0214Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising by rotating cycling movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1253Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
    • A61H2201/1261Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient
    • A61H2201/1269Passive exercise driven by movement of healthy limbs
    • A61H2201/1276Passive exercise driven by movement of healthy limbs by the other leg or arm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills
    • A63B2071/065Visualisation of specific exercise parameters
    • A63B2071/0652Visualisation or indication relating to symmetrical exercise, e.g. right-left performance related to spinal column
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/002Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices isometric or isokinetic, i.e. substantial force variation without substantial muscle motion or wherein the speed of the motion is independent of the force applied by the user
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2220/00Measuring of physical parameters relating to sporting activity
    • A63B2220/80Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor
    • A63B2220/83Special sensors, transducers or devices therefor characterised by the position of the sensor
    • A63B2220/833Sensors arranged on the exercise apparatus or sports implement

Abstract

A training device is proposed which has actuating elements which can be moved continuously in rotation and are connected to one another and are intended for a pair of limbs of a person, drive means for driving the actuating elements, and an electronics unit for regulating and/or controlling the movement of the actuating elements, with means being provided for visual, acoustic, touch-based or smell-based notification or display of a training parameter objective and of an actual value which can be compared with it, or of a training parameter target deviation in relation to an actual value, and the training parameter target being the speed of rotation, the torque or the actuating element position, or a variable derived therefrom. Moreover, a side-related and an angle-related training parameter objective with corresponding notification or display is proposed. In addition, part of the invention is a training device which, in isokinetic training, changes a desired speed of rotation as a function of cardiovascular variables or the driving torque applied to the actuating elements by the person doing the training.

Description

  • The invention relates to a training device which has actuating elements which can be moved continuously in rotation and are connected to one another and are intended for a pair of limbs of a person, drive means for driving the actuating elements, and an electronics unit for regulating and/or controlling the movement of the actuating elements.[0001]
  • PRIOR ART
  • Training devices of the type mentioned above have already been made known in a wide variety of forms. [0002]
  • European laid-open specification EP 0 865 804 discloses a training device for the physically disabled which is designed in particular for persons who either have very low residual muscle power or who can exert muscle power only over part of a revolution. With a conventional training device, such persons would find it difficult to bring about any movement at all, not least a circular movement. [0003]
  • In the case of patients with signs of paralysis on one side, for example as a result of a stroke, it is true that the training device disclosed in the European laid-open specification can in fact also be used, but the person doing the training is not specifically induced to consciously engage the impaired side in the movements in order finally to recover his full range of mobility. [0004]
  • For a more targeted and more conscious movement of one half of the body when using a training device of the type mentioned at the outset, European laid-open specification EP 0 998 961 A1 proposes that an electronics unit be provided which divides the crank movement within one revolution into at least two parts, and that the electronics unit define different functions for the crank movement in relation to these parts. [0005]
  • In this way it is possible to arrange the training in such a way that the person doing the training receives different training possibilities within one revolution of the crank arms of the training device, and thus work can be concentrated on an impaired, paralyzed limb. It has also been found that, in particular in the case of patients paralyzed on one side, the coordination of their movements can also be improved in this way. However, the person doing the training is somewhat unconscious of this, for which reason an increase in efficiency is possible in this respect. [0006]
  • OBJECT AND ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION
  • The object of the invention is to make available a training device, in particular for physically disabled persons, with which device it is possible to improve coordination, i.e. the link between brain functions and targeted muscle activity. [0007]
  • This object is achieved by the features of claims 1, 6, 7, 9 and 10. [0008]
  • Advantageous embodiments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims. [0009]
  • In a first possible solution of the invention, the training device of the type mentioned at the outset is developed further by providing means for visual, acoustic, touch-based or smell-based notification or display of a training parameter objective and of an actual value which can be compared with it, or of a training parameter target deviation in relation to an actual value, the training parameter target being the speed of rotation, the torque, preferably the torque applied by the person doing the training, or the actuating element position, e.g. the position of an actuating element, in particular the position of a pedal crank, or a variable derived therefrom, for example the force on the actuating elements, the physical performance, or another link between speed of rotation, torque or actuating element position. This procedure is based on the person who is doing the training attempting quite consciously, i.e. by targeted use of the muscles, to achieve a training parameter target and preferably maintaining the latter. In other words, only those parameters which the person doing the training can influence, at least to a certain extent, through his own will are suitable as training parameter target. For example, a target performance level and the instantaneous actual performance level are displayed. The objective can also be displayed by two symbolic cursors moving on a screen, one of these being a cursor preset by the electronics unit and the other cursor representing the person doing the training. As a function of the predetermined target speed of rotation, the “electronics unit cursor” moves at a defined speed, and the “cursor for the person doing the training” moves at the same speed as the “electronics unit cursor” as long as the person doing the training is training with the target speed of rotation. Within the meaning of the invention, sequences of the stated training parameters can also serve as training parameter targets, e.g. torque, speed of rotation or performance level as a function of the position or angle of the actuating elements. For example, the training parameter target is the speed of rotation. This can be raised at a defined position, i.e. in a position-dependent manner, as new target to a predetermined value or is to be kept constant as target through one revolution. In another training variant, a defined torque can be used as “target”. In addition, this torque can be increased or lowered as new target at a predetermined position. This can be adapted, for example, to the tread phase of the respective leg. In the event that the actuating element position is the training parameter target, a sequence (function) of this variable can be that the actuating element assumes a defined position and maintains this. [0010]
  • If operating with a deviation from the training parameter target, this deviation can be indicated qualitatively or quantitatively, e.g. “too fast” or “too slow” or “tread is o.k.”, “tread is not o.k.” or in brief: “o.k.”, “not o.k.”. However, the deviation can also be indicated quantitatively, e.g. “too fast by “5””. However, a mixed indication is possible, e.g. in the form of a trend display. When indicating the “deviation”, the training parameter target can also be displayed for better orientation of the person doing the training. By means of all the measures mentioned, the coordination abilities of a person training are improved. [0011]
  • However, by changing the training parameter objective, a training sequence can also be performed specifically for an improved coordination if the electronics unit is designed to automatically change the training parameter objective as a function of predetermined criteria. With a change in the training parameter objective, an actual target deviation of course also automatically changes if this is being used. The change can also be effected according to a time scale or can be approached, reached or maintained in the manner of a target. [0012]
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment of the invention, the change in the training parameter objective results in a change in a training parameter which is regulated or controlled by the electronics unit. In this way, even where the training parameter objective changes, it is possible, for example, to perform a form of training in which the person doing the training is nevertheless intended to reach a constant performance level. For example, in isokinetic training in which the speed of rotation is regulated and the predetermined training parameter target is a torque to be achieved by the person doing the training, the desired speed of rotation can be changed such that the product of speed of rotation and torque, namely the physical performance, remains unchanged when the target torque changes. In the case of isotonic training in which the braking torque is regulated and the training parameter target is the speed of rotation, the braking torque can be changed in such a way that the product of target speed of rotation and desired braking torque again remains unchanged when the target speed of rotation changes. [0013]
  • In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the electronics unit is designed to change a regulated or controlled training parameter as a function of predetermined criteria. In this context, such criteria are, for example, the automatic course of a defined time plan according to which the regulated or controlled training parameter is changed, or the way in which the training parameter target is approached, reached or maintained. The target preferably remains constant in this type of training. This imposes similar coordination requirements as when the training parameter target is changed in the case of a constant regulated or controlled training parameter. In isokinetic training, the speed of rotation is the regulated or controlled training parameter, for example the torque to be reached being the training parameter target. [0014]
  • The electronics unit can also be designed to change an external stimulation parameter as a function of predetermined criteria. For example, the person doing the training attempts to reach a predetermined training parameter target under application of an external muscle stimulation. By specifically changing the muscle stimulation, the person doing the training can be forced, in order to reach a defined target, to show greater initiative in training, which in turn improves the coordination abilities. [0015]
  • In a further possible solution to the object, the pre-setting of the training parameter target is side-related, in which case the training device described above is provided with means for visual, acoustic, touch-based or smell-based notification or display of the side-related training parameter objective and of an actual value which can be compared with it, or a training parameter target deviation in relation to an actual value. In particular for persons paralyzed on one side, this measure permits different coordinated training for the healthy side and the diseased side. Accordingly, for example, the torque to be achieved on the healthy side is a much higher objective than on the diseased side. With increasing success in training, the objective for the diseased side can be adapted to the healthy side, which to a large extent increases motivation. Likewise, it is possible to predetermine the target that a training parameter is to be identical on both sides or should be in a defined relationship between each side. The difference in sides can be provided, for example, on the basis of the tread phase of the legs or by means of a side-differentiated measurement, in particular measurement of torque or power. However, the objective can also be such that on one side a target value is set which is to be reached by the other side. For example, the power on one side serves as objective for the other side. [0016]
  • A still more differentiated possibility of working on a pair of limbs is obtained if training can be carried out, not only side-related, but also angle-related. That is to say, for example in a rotation movement, a plurality of angle sections can be defined in which in each case different training parameter objectives are operative. The training parameter objective can be, for example, that the training parameters are identical in at least two angle sections. [0017]
  • In a further preferred embodiment of the invention, the electronics unit is designed to evaluate the manner in which training parameter targets are achieved, for example how many objectives are achieved or how a single target is achieved. [0018]
  • In a further possible solution to the object set, the training device indicated above is refined in that the electronics unit, in the context of isokinetic training, is designed to regulate the speed of rotation to a desired speed of rotation, the desired speed of rotation changing automatically as a function of cardiovascular variables, for example pulse, blood pressure or oxygen saturation of the blood, of the person doing the training, or as a function of the torque applied to the actuating elements by the person doing the training and which drives the actuating elements, e.g. depending on the course of one of these parameters. In this variant, the focus of the training lies in improving fitness, since signs of fatigue of the person training are in particular taken into account, so that the person doing the training is not overstressed. At the same time, however, the person doing the training is afforded the possibility of carrying out the training with deliberate coordination, taking into account the fact that overstressing regularly acts negatively on clean coordination during exercise. [0019]
  • Finally, the object is achieved by refining the above-described training device such that the drive means, by at least partial driving of the actuating elements, assist a person doing the training to achieve a training parameter objective. By this measure, it is made easier for a person doing training to reach a predetermined target, which has the effect of increasing motivation and thus improving the result of the coordination training.[0020]
  • DESCRIPTION OF AN ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENT
  • An illustrative embodiment of the invention is explained in greater detail together with further advantages and particulars. [0021]
  • The FIGURE shows a movement device [0022] 1 represented diagrammatically in functional blocks. The movement device 1 comprises a crank 2 with pedals 3 for the legs of a person training (not shown), and an electric motor 4 which is connected to a shaft 6 of the crank 2 via a belt drive 5, for example.
  • The electric motor [0023] 4 is connected via a connecting line 7 to an electronics unit 8 and via a further connecting line 9 to an input and display device 10. The input and display device 10 has a screen 11 and an input panel 12.
  • The training device [0024] 1 can additionally have an incremental encoder (not shown) by means of which the speed of rotation of the crank 2 and its exact angle position can be determined.
  • In this way, it is possible in particular to be able to carry out training with an angle-related training parameter objective with appropriate display. [0025]
  • In a variant embodiment, a training parameter objective, e.g. a torque to be achieved by the person training, can be pre-set via the input panel [0026] 12 on the screen 11 at the location 11 a. The torque actually applied to the crank 2 by the person training is then shown at the location 11 b. While at all times keeping an eye on the actual value and the “target”, the person training must now try to bring the actual value as close as possible to the objective.
  • However, it is also possible to indicate, at location [0027] 11 b, only the deviation from an input target, e.g. a deviation in torque, speed of rotation or level of performance, etc.
  • In side-related training, the objective can also consist in training parameters for in each case one leg being displayed at the locations [0028] 11 a and 11 b, in which case the person training is to try to achieve identical values of the training parameter, e.g. the level of performance, for both sides.
  • In accordance with the discussion of the claims, a large number of further possibilities are conceivable with respect to how it is possible to work to an objective according to the invention with the movement device [0029] 1.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE LABELS
  • [0030] 1 movement device
  • [0031] 2 crank
  • [0032] 3 pedal
  • [0033] 4 electric motor
  • [0034] 5 belt drive
  • [0035] 6 shaft
  • [0036] 7 connecting line
  • [0037] 8 electronics unit
  • [0038] 9 connecting line
  • [0039] 10 input and display device
  • [0040] 11 screen
  • [0041] 11 a location
  • [0042] 11 b location
  • [0043] 12 input panel

Claims (10)

1. Training device which has actuating elements which can be moved continuously in rotation and are connected to one another and are intended for a pair of limbs of a person, drive means for driving the actuating elements, and an electronics unit for regulating and/or controlling the movement of the actuating elements, characterized in that means are provided for visual, acoustic, touch-based or smell-based notification or display of a training parameter objective and of an actual value which can be compared with it, or of a training parameter target deviation in relation to an actual value, the training parameter target being the speed of rotation, the torque, or the actuating element position, or a variable derived therefrom.
2. Training device according to claim 1, characterized in that the electronics unit is designed to automatically change the training parameter objective as a function of predetermined criteria.
3. Training device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the change in the training parameter objective results in a change in a training parameter which is regulated or controlled by the electronics unit.
4. Training device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the electronics unit is designed to change a regulated or controlled training parameter as a function of predetermined criteria.
5. Training device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the electronics unit is designed to change an external stimulation parameter as a function of predetermined criteria.
6. Training device according to the precharacterizing clause of claim 1, in particular according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the electronics unit is designed for side-related pre-setting of a training parameter target, and in that means are provided for visual, acoustic, touch-based or smell-based notification or display of the side-related training parameter objective and of an actual value which can be compared with it, or of a training parameter target deviation in relation to an actual value.
7. Training device according to the precharacterizing clause of claim 1, in particular according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the electronics unit is designed for angle-related pre-setting of a training parameter target, and in that means are provided for visual, acoustic, touch-based or smell-based notification or display of the angle-related training parameter objective and of an actual value which can be compared with it, or of a training parameter target deviation in relation to an actual value.
8. Training device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the electronics unit is designed to evaluate the manner in which training parameter objectives are achieved.
9. Training device according to the precharacterizing clause of claim 1, in particular according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the electronics unit, in the context of isokinetic training, is designed to regulate the speed of rotation to a desired speed of rotation and to automatically change the desired speed of rotation as a function of cardiovascular variables of the person doing the training and/or the driving torque applied to the actuating elements by the person doing the training.
10. Training device according to the precharacterizing clause of claim 1, in particular according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the drive means, by at least temporary driving of the actuating elements, assist a person doing the training to achieve a training parameter objective.
US10/144,724 2001-05-16 2002-05-15 Training device Abandoned US20020198080A1 (en)

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DE10124087 2001-05-16

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2870134A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-11-18 Univ Reims Champagne Ardenne Physical exercise apparatus customizing method, involves controlling control units of motor unit to impose feedback of movable unit such that determined movement is produced with desired force or speed corresponding to speed or force curve
US20080015089A1 (en) * 2006-07-06 2008-01-17 Elisa Hurwitz Method and apparatus for measuring exercise performance
CN101862527A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-10-20 徐峰 Bicycle body-building apparatus
KR101225416B1 (en) * 2003-03-18 2013-01-22 안톤 레크 Training appliance having operating elements which can rotate continuously and are connected to one another
EP2679288A1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-01 Tonic Fitness Technology, Inc. Detection device and monitoring system for detecting an exercising state
US9044630B1 (en) 2011-05-16 2015-06-02 David L. Lampert Range of motion machine and method and adjustable crank

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE202008013423U1 (en) 2008-10-10 2009-03-19 Reck, Anton exerciser

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US5170777A (en) * 1990-12-28 1992-12-15 The University Of Akron Arm rehabilitation and testing device
US5242179A (en) * 1991-10-11 1993-09-07 Research Foundation Of The State University Of New York Four-line exercising attachment for wheelchairs
US6162151A (en) * 1996-09-30 2000-12-19 Hitachi, Ltd. Ambulatory exercise machine and ambulatory exercise system
US6443873B2 (en) * 2000-04-26 2002-09-03 Mitsubishi Electric Engineering Co., Ltd. Exercise therapy device
US6450922B1 (en) * 1996-07-02 2002-09-17 Graber Products, Inc. Electronic exercise system
US6634922B1 (en) * 1999-03-15 2003-10-21 Robert W. Driscoll Electronic RPM yo-yo
US6783482B2 (en) * 2000-08-30 2004-08-31 Brunswick Corporation Treadmill control system

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CH658793A5 (en) * 1983-04-05 1986-12-15 Rolf Schwegler Home-trainer device.
AT206950T (en) * 1997-03-18 2001-11-15 Reck Anton Training equipment for physically disabled
EP0998961B1 (en) * 1998-11-06 2005-04-13 Reck, Anton Training apparatus with a crank for physically handicapped persons

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5170777A (en) * 1990-12-28 1992-12-15 The University Of Akron Arm rehabilitation and testing device
US5242179A (en) * 1991-10-11 1993-09-07 Research Foundation Of The State University Of New York Four-line exercising attachment for wheelchairs
US6450922B1 (en) * 1996-07-02 2002-09-17 Graber Products, Inc. Electronic exercise system
US6162151A (en) * 1996-09-30 2000-12-19 Hitachi, Ltd. Ambulatory exercise machine and ambulatory exercise system
US6634922B1 (en) * 1999-03-15 2003-10-21 Robert W. Driscoll Electronic RPM yo-yo
US6443873B2 (en) * 2000-04-26 2002-09-03 Mitsubishi Electric Engineering Co., Ltd. Exercise therapy device
US6783482B2 (en) * 2000-08-30 2004-08-31 Brunswick Corporation Treadmill control system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101225416B1 (en) * 2003-03-18 2013-01-22 안톤 레크 Training appliance having operating elements which can rotate continuously and are connected to one another
FR2870134A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-11-18 Univ Reims Champagne Ardenne Physical exercise apparatus customizing method, involves controlling control units of motor unit to impose feedback of movable unit such that determined movement is produced with desired force or speed corresponding to speed or force curve
US20080015089A1 (en) * 2006-07-06 2008-01-17 Elisa Hurwitz Method and apparatus for measuring exercise performance
US7874957B2 (en) * 2006-07-06 2011-01-25 Artis, Llc Apparatus for measuring exercise performance
CN101862527A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-10-20 徐峰 Bicycle body-building apparatus
US9044630B1 (en) 2011-05-16 2015-06-02 David L. Lampert Range of motion machine and method and adjustable crank
EP2679288A1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-01 Tonic Fitness Technology, Inc. Detection device and monitoring system for detecting an exercising state

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DE10221775A1 (en) 2003-01-02

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