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User equipment with multiuser detection

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US20020097698A1
US20020097698A1 US10090372 US9037202A US2002097698A1 US 20020097698 A1 US20020097698 A1 US 20020097698A1 US 10090372 US10090372 US 10090372 US 9037202 A US9037202 A US 9037202A US 2002097698 A1 US2002097698 A1 US 2002097698A1
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Prior art keywords
channelization
code
midamble
codes
communication
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US6795417B2 (en )
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Ariela Zeira
Eldad Zeira
Alexander Reznik
Stephen Terry
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InterDigital Technology Corp
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InterDigital Technology Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • H04B1/7097Interference-related aspects
    • H04B1/7103Interference-related aspects the interference being multiple access interference
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • H04B1/7097Interference-related aspects
    • H04B1/7103Interference-related aspects the interference being multiple access interference
    • H04B1/7105Joint detection techniques, e.g. linear detectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04JMULTIPLEX COMMUNICATION
    • H04J13/00Code division multiplex systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04JMULTIPLEX COMMUNICATION
    • H04J13/00Code division multiplex systems
    • H04J13/16Code allocation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • H04B1/7073Synchronisation aspects
    • H04B1/70735Code identification
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • H04B1/709Correlator structure
    • H04B1/7093Matched filter type
    • H04B2001/70935Matched filter type using a bank of matched fileters, e.g. Fast Hadamard Transform
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B2201/00Indexing scheme relating to details of transmission systems not covered by a single group of H04B3/00 - H04B13/00
    • H04B2201/69Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to spread spectrum techniques in general
    • H04B2201/707Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to spread spectrum techniques in general relating to direct sequence modulation
    • H04B2201/70701Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to spread spectrum techniques in general relating to direct sequence modulation featuring pilot assisted reception
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B2201/00Indexing scheme relating to details of transmission systems not covered by a single group of H04B3/00 - H04B13/00
    • H04B2201/69Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to spread spectrum techniques in general
    • H04B2201/707Orthogonal indexing scheme relating to spread spectrum techniques in general relating to direct sequence modulation
    • H04B2201/70707Efficiency-related aspects
    • H04B2201/70709Efficiency-related aspects with discontinuous detection

Abstract

A user equipment (UE) for a wireless time division duplex communication system which uses code division multiple access. The system communicates using communication bursts, each communication burst having a unique channelization code and a midamble code which is uniquely related to the channelization code. Each such midamble code being uniquely related to one or more channelization code. The UE has an antenna for receiving communication bursts and a midamble detector which detects each midamble code in a received communication burst. A logic block determines the channelization codes related to each detected midamble based on a mapping of midamble codes to related channelization codes. A channelization code detector detects channelization codes in the received communication burst from among channelization codes determined by said logic block. A multiuser detection device recovers data from the received communication burst based on in part the channelization codes detected by said channelization code detector. Where all midamble codes are uniquely related to one channelization code, the multiuser detection device recovers data from the received communication burst based on in part the determined channelization codes without the need for the channelization code detector.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/775,969, filed Feb. 2, 2001, which claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/180,402, filed Feb. 4, 2000, which applications are incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    The present invention relates generally to wireless time division duplex using code division multiple access (TDD/CDMA) communication systems. In particular, the invention relates to determining channelization codes for use in multiuser detection in the downlink for TDD/CDMA systems.
  • [0003]
    A TDD/CDMA communication system is illustrated in FIG. 1. The system 10 has multiple base stations 12 1 to 12 5. Each base station 12 1 has an associated operating area. User equipments (UEs) 14 1 to 14 3 in a base station's operating area communicate with that base station 12 1. Communications transmitted from a base station 12 1 to a UE 14 1 are referred to as downlink communications and communications transmitted from a UE 14 1 to a base station 12 1 are referred to as uplink communications.
  • [0004]
    In a wireless TDD/CDMA communication system, multiple communications are sent in a shared frequency spectrum. One such system is proposed in a third generation wideband-CDMA (W-CDMA) standard. In CDMA systems, multiple communications are sent in the shared spectrum and are distinguished by channelization codes. In TDD/CDMA systems, the shared spectrum is also time divided using repeating frames having a fixed number of time slots, such as fifteen (15) time slots. Each time slot is used to transmit either only uplink or downlink communications.
  • [0005]
    As a result, the communications are distinguished by both channelization codes and time slots. A single channelization code used in a single time slot is referred to as a resource unit. Based on a communications bandwidth, the communication may require one or multiple resource units. Typical data modulation schemes used in TDD/CDMA systems are quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), binary phase shift keying (BPSK) and N Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM), such as N=8, 16 or 64.
  • [0006]
    Data is transmitted in such systems using communication bursts 16. A communication burst 16 carries data in a single time slot using a single channelization code (a single resource unit). A typical communication burst 16 has a midamble 20, a guard period 18 and two data bursts 22, 24, as shown in FIG. 2. The midamble 20 separates the two data bursts 22, 24. The guard period 18 separates the communication bursts 16 to allow for the difference in arrival times of bursts 16 transmitted from different transmitters. The two data bursts 22, 24 contain the communication burst's data. The midamble 20 contains a midamble code for use in estimating the channel response between the receiver and transmitter.
  • [0007]
    Since multiple communication bursts may be transmitted in a single time slot, a receiver must be able to distinguish data from the multiple bursts. One approach to recover the received data is multiuser detection (MUD).
  • [0008]
    In MUD, a receiver recovers all communication bursts' data in a time slot, including bursts transmitted to other UEs. To recover all the bursts' data, the MUD receiver needs to know all of the channelization codes used to transmit the bursts. In the proposed TDD mode of W-CDMA, each UE 14 1 to 14 3 only knows which channelization and midamble codes are used for carrying information intended for it. To determine all the channelization and midamble codes, a bank of matched filters is used to detect all possible channelization/midamble combinations. The output power from each matched filter is compared to a threshold to determine whether a particular channelization/midamble combination was used. Due to the number of required matched filters, this approach has a high complexity. Additionally, if there is a high correlation between channelization codes, this approach may have poor performance. Accordingly, it is desirable to have alternate approaches for UEs 14 1 to 14 3 to be able to determine the active channelization codes.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0009]
    A wireless time division duplex communication system using code division multiple access has a base station and user equipments. The system communicates using communication bursts. Each communication burst has a unique channelization code and a midamble code. Each midamble code is mapped to a set of at least one channelization code. For each communication burst to be transmitted in a time slot from the base station, the midamble code mapped to that burst's channelization code is determined. Communication bursts are generated and transmitted in the time slot. Each burst has the determined midamble code for its channelization code. The user equipment receives the bursts and determines each received midamble code. The user equipment determines the channelization codes of the transmitted communication bursts based on in part a result of the determining of each received midamble code.
  • [0010]
    The invention provides a user equipment (UE) for a wireless time division duplex communication system which uses code division multiple access. The system communicates using communication bursts, each communication burst having a unique channelization code and a midamble code which is uniquely related to the channelization code. Each such midamble code being uniquely related to one or more channelization code. The UE has an antenna for receiving communication bursts and a midamble detector which detects each midamble code in a received communication burst. A logic block determines the channelization codes related to each detected midamble based on a mapping of midamble codes to related channelization codes. A channelization code detector detects channelization codes in the received communication burst from among channelization codes determined by said logic block. A multiuser detection device recovers data from the received communication burst based on in part the channelization codes detected by said channelization code detector. Where all midamble codes are uniquely related to one channelization code, the multiuser detection device recovers data from the received communication burst based on in part the determined channelization codes without the need for the channelization code detector.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0011]
    [0011]FIG. 1 is an illustration of a time division duplex/code division multiple access communication system.
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 2 is an illustration of a communication burst.
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 3 is an illustration of a simplified base station transmitter and a user equipment receiver.
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 4 is a flow chart of downlink channelization code identification.
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 5 is an illustration of midamble sequence to channelization code mapping.
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 6 is a channelization code detection device.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT(S)
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 3 illustrates a simplified base station transmitter 26 and a UE receiver 28 using multiuser detection (MUD). Data to be communicated to the active UEs 14 1 to 14 3 is produced by data generators 32 1 to 32 K. Each generator 32 1 to 32 K produces data to be sent in a particular communication burst. Each communication burst's generated data is subsequently formatted into a communication burst by a spreading and modulation device 34 1 to 34 K. The spreading and modulation device 34 1 to 34 K adds the midamble and spreads the generated data with a channelization code associated with that communication burst. Additionally, the spread data is time multiplexed into the appropriate time slot. All of the communication bursts are combined by a combiner 52. The combined communication bursts are modulated up to radio frequency, such as by a mixer 36, and the radio frequency signal is radiated by an antenna 38 through a wireless radio channel 30. If transmit diversity is utilized by the base station 14 1, the radio frequency signal will be transmitted by multiple antennas.
  • [0018]
    At a UE receiver 28, radio frequency signals are received by an antenna 40. The received signals are demodulated to a baseband signal, such as by a mixer 42. A channel estimation device 44 is used to estimate the channel that the communication bursts were transmitted in using the transmitted midamble codes. A multiuser detection (MUD) device 46 processes the baseband signal using the estimated channel information and the active channelization codes to produce hard symbols.
  • [0019]
    Identifying active channelization codes is shown in the flow chart of FIG. 4. One approach to aid in identifying active channelization codes at the UE 14 1 is to provide a mapping between midamble codes (midamble sequences) 54 1 to 54 N and channelization codes 56 11 to 56 NM, 58. Each midamble sequence 54 1 to 54 N is associated with a set of channelization codes 56 11 to 56 NM, as illustrated in FIG. 5. The sets may contain only a single channelization code, which is a one to one mapping of midambles to channelization codes. A burst transmitted by the base station 12 1 with a channelization code of a midamble's set is formatted with that midamble sequence, 60, 62. To illustrate, if a burst with channelization code 21 was sent, midamble sequence 2 is used for that burst.
  • [0020]
    At the UE receiver 28, after channel estimation, the transmitted midamble sequences are detected by a midamble sequence detection device 48, 64. Based on the detected midambles, a logic block 45, utilizing the midamble to channelization code mapping 49, determines the set of possible channelization codes. A channelization code detection device 50 determines the received channelization codes based on the determination, 66. If a one midamble code to one channelization code mapping is used, the logic block 45 determines the channelization codes. As a result, for a one to one mapping, the channelization code detection device 50 is not used. The MUD device 46 uses the determined channelization codes and the channel response for the midamble sequences associated with the channelization codes to detect the data from all the bursts, 68.
  • [0021]
    One channelization code detection device 50 is shown in FIG. 6. Matched filters 82 1 to 82 M are matched to the possible channelization codes and associated channel responses as determined by the logic block 45. Since only the possible channelization codes need to be checked, the number of matched filters 82 1 to 82 M is greatly reduced, reducing the complexity and improving the performance of the receiver 28. The power of the soft symbols produced by each matched filter 82 1 to 82 M is measured by corresponding power measurement devices 84 1 to 84 M. The comparitor 80 determines the received channelization codes based on the power measurement for each channel. If the number of transmitted channelization codes is known, the comparitor 80 selects that number of channels with the highest measured power. Otherwise, the comparitor 80 compares each channel's power level to a threshold to determine the transmitted channelization codes.
  • [0022]
    To aid in identifying channelization codes, channelization code information, such as transmitted channelization codes or a number of transmitted channelization codes, may be signaled to the UE 14 1. The signaled information can be used in conjunction with channelization/midamble code mapping or when mapping is not used. The additional channelization code information will increase the accuracy in determining the active channelization codes at the UE receiver 28. One such signal would be a layer one signal, where the midamble code or midamble code shift is associated with the information. The midamble detection device 48 determines the received midamble code(s) and the logic block 45 recovers the channelization code information using the determined midamble codes. Using the recovered information, the channelization code detection device 50 uses the recovered information to aid in the channelization code determination. Another approach signals channelization code information using a layer ⅔ signal. The signal is generated by the network circuitry. The layer ⅔ signal can be used in conjunction with layer one signals or with the midamble/channelization code mapping.

Claims (8)

What is claimed is:
1. A user equipment (UE) for a wireless time division duplex communication system using code division multiple access, where the system communicates using communication bursts, each communication burst having a unique channelization code and a midamble code which is uniquely related to the channelization code, each such midamble code being uniquely related to one or more channelization code, the UE comprising:
an antenna for receiving communication bursts;
a midamble detector which detects each midamble code in a received communication burst;
a logic block which determines the channelization codes related to each detected midamble based on a mapping of midamble codes to related channelization codes;
a channelization code detector which detects channelization codes in the received communication burst from among channelization codes determined by said logic block; and
a multiuser detection device which recovers data from the received communication burst based on in part the channelization codes detected by said channelization code detector.
2. The UE of claim 1 wherein channelization code detector comprises match filters for each determined channelization code to produce a filtered signal corresponding to each determined channelization code, corresponding power measuring devices for measuring the power of each filtered signal produced and a comparator for comparing the power measurements.
3. The UE of claim 2 wherein the channelization code detector comparator compares the power measurements to a predetermined threshold whereby a determined channelization code is detected if the power measurement of the filtered signal associated with matched filtering for that determined channelization code exceeds the threshold.
4. The UE of claim 1 further comprising a channel estimator which uses received midambles of received bursts to producing channel estimations of the received bursts wherein the channel estimation of a received burst is used by said midamble detector, said channelization code detector and said multiuser detection device.
5. The UE of claim 4 channelization code detector comprises match filters for each determined channelization code to produce a filtered signal corresponding to each determined channelization code, corresponding power measuring devices for measuring the power of each filtered signal produced and a comparator for comparing the power measurements.
6. The UE of claim 5 wherein the channelization code detector comparator compares the power measurements to a predetermined threshold whereby a determined channelization code is detected if the power measurement of the filtered signal associated with matched filtering for that determined channelization code exceeds the threshold.
7. A user equipment (UE) for a wireless time division duplex communication system using code division multiple access, where the system communicates using communication bursts, each communication burst having a unique channelization code and a midamble code which is uniquely related to the channelization code, each such midamble code being uniquely related to one channelization code, the UE comprising:
an antenna for receiving communication bursts;
a midamble detector which detects each midamble code in a received communication burst;
a logic block which determines the channelization codes related to each detected midamble based on a mapping of midamble codes to related channelization codes; and
a multiuser detection device which recovers data from the received communication burst based on in part the channelization codes determined by said logic block.
8. The UE of claim 7 further comprising a channel estimator which uses received midambles of received bursts to producing channel estimations of the received bursts wherein the channel estimation of a received burst is used by said midamble detector, said channelization code detector and said multiuser detection device.
US10090372 2000-02-04 2002-03-04 User equipment with multiuser detection Active 2021-10-10 US6795417B2 (en)

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US18040200 true 2000-02-04 2000-02-04
US09775969 US6934271B2 (en) 2000-02-04 2001-02-02 Support of multiuser detection in the downlink
US10090372 US6795417B2 (en) 2000-02-04 2002-03-04 User equipment with multiuser detection

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US10090498 Active 2022-03-01 US6885649B2 (en) 2000-02-04 2002-03-04 Method of multiuser detection with user equipment
US10090372 Active 2021-10-10 US6795417B2 (en) 2000-02-04 2002-03-04 User equipment with multiuser detection
US11098276 Active 2023-11-15 US7710928B2 (en) 2000-02-04 2005-04-04 Channelization code determination by a user equipment
US11098733 Abandoned US20050169198A1 (en) 2000-02-04 2005-04-04 Base station midamble selection

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US11098733 Abandoned US20050169198A1 (en) 2000-02-04 2005-04-04 Base station midamble selection

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JP (3) JP3782012B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100446173B1 (en)
CN (3) CN100340070C (en)
CA (1) CA2399078C (en)
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