US20020050412A1 - Calibration system for a weighing scale - Google Patents

Calibration system for a weighing scale Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20020050412A1
US20020050412A1 US09427632 US42763299A US2002050412A1 US 20020050412 A1 US20020050412 A1 US 20020050412A1 US 09427632 US09427632 US 09427632 US 42763299 A US42763299 A US 42763299A US 2002050412 A1 US2002050412 A1 US 2002050412A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
lever
system
block
calibration
weight
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US09427632
Other versions
US6414252B1 (en )
Inventor
Jean-Christophe Emery
Marc Iseli
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mettler-Toledo AG
Original Assignee
Mettler-Toledo (Schweiz) GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G23/00Auxiliary devices for weighing apparatus
    • G01G23/01Testing or calibrating of weighing apparatus
    • G01G23/012Testing or calibrating of weighing apparatus with load cells comprising in-build calibration weights

Abstract

A lever system (1, 7) for a weighing scale has an electrical transducer, particularly a strain gauge (14), producing signals corresponding to the amount of the weighing load. The transducer is attached to a body (1) that is coupled to the lever system (1, 7). The lever system (1, 7) includes a means (17) for receiving a calibration weight (18) in an arrangement where the forces generated by the calibration weight (18) and/or a damper element (5, 6) are magnified.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a lever system for a weighing scale that has an electrical and/or optical force transducer generating signals corresponding to the weight of an object that has been placed on the scale. The force transducer is attached to a material body that is coupled to the lever system, and the lever system includes a receiving means for a calibration weight. The function of the force transducer is generally performed by a strain gauge, although in principle it would also be possible to use piezoelectric or other known devices. As an optical transducer, one might consider an interferometer of an essentially known type, e.g., a Michelson interferometer.
  • [0002]
    Lever systems of this kind are installed in weighing scales. At least at the conclusion of the manufacturing process, the scales are calibrated, and in most cases, the calibration is renewed within certain time intervals. Although the lever system has a receiving means for a calibration weight, the receiving means generally consists of the weighing pan or, in a wider sense, of the receiving means for the objects themselves that are to be weighed. This means that in some cases very heavy calibration weights have to be put on the scale or, also, that it is hardly practical to couple a calibration weight of a large mass directly to the lever system, given that the latter is generally configured as a separate built-in module. Additional difficulties arise if one attempts to effectively damp the oscillations occurring in a lever system of this type.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    It is therefore the object of the present invention to provide improvements in the way lever systems of the type described above are calibrated and/or damped. According to the invention, this is accomplished by arranging the receiving means for the calibration weight on a magnifying lever, so that the force exerted by the calibration weight and/or the damper element is magnified. At least a portion of the inventive lever system, in some cases the entire system, is formed out of an integral material block.
  • [0004]
    Scales of the type described at the beginning are especially well suited for large weighing capacities, i.e., they are the kind of scales in which the calibration process according to the prior art is particularly difficult. However, by using a magnifying lever in an arrangement where the calibration weight and/or the force of a damper element is magnified by lever action, it is possible to use a much smaller calibration weight. As a result, lever systems and weighing scales of the kind described above can be easily calibrated and also very effectively damped by using the inventive arrangement.
  • [0005]
    Basically, two ways are conceivable in which the invention may be advantageously realized. The first way is to configure the magnifying lever together with at least a portion of the lever system, or in certain cases the entire lever system, as a lever that is cut out of and pivotally connected within an integral block, whereby the manufacture of the lever system is simplified and a more compact construction is achieved. The second way is to configure the magnifying lever as a separate lever that is attached to and extends beyond the contours of the integral block, so that the integral block itself can be relatively compact and light-weight while still allowing a large lever magnification to be achieved.
  • [0006]
    In either case, if an integral block is used, it is advantageous if the electrical force transducer is attached to the block rather than to a separate lever system or transmission member.
  • [0007]
    It is self-evident that lever systems of this kind in principle represent spring/mass systems and therefore have a tendency to oscillate. The invention can be very advantageously applied to alleviate this problem by means of an inductive damper element that cooperates with the (metallic) magnifying lever. In particular, the damper element comprises a permanent magnet in an arrangement where oscillation-damping eddy currents are generated in the lever.
  • [0008]
    It has been found that excellent results are obtained with an embodiment where the inductive damper element is arranged laterally alongside the lengthwise extension of the magnifying lever, although one would expect the damping force to be stronger with the magnet arranged at the transverse end face of the lever. Yet, according to the invention, the arrangement can be further developed and give even better results if at least two inductive elements are each arranged laterally on opposite sides of the lengthwise extension of the magnifying lever. “At least two” in this context means that the sides of a lever, especially a relatively large magnifying lever, offer ample space for more than two such damper elements. Also, a solution of this kind does not exclude the possibility of placing a third damper element, e.g., at the end face of the magnifying lever.
  • [0009]
    Further details of the invention are presented in the following description of embodiments that are illustrated schematically in the drawing.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • [0010]
    [0010]FIG. 1 represents a perspective view of a lever system according to the invention;
  • [0011]
    [0011]FIG. 2 represents a side view in the direction indicated by the arrow II of FIG. 1;
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 3 represents a top view in the direction indicated by the arrow III of FIG. 1;
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 4 represents an end view in the direction indicated by the arrow IV of FIG. 1; and
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 5 represents a side view of a particularly preferred embodiment seen from the same direction as the embodiment in FIG. 2.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0015]
    According to the FIGS. 1 through 4, a lever system for a weighing scale comprises a block 1, preferably of monolithic configuration, of the kind that has become known in the field of weighing scales for example from the European patent EP-B-0 612 985. The configuration of a block like the block 1 can be seen in an exemplary way in said European patent, whose content is hereby included by reference as part of the present disclosure. Only as a brief summary, the subject of that patent is a lever system with lever arms that are cut out of a block by spark erosion and are pivotally connected by thin material portions. The levers themselves can be arranged in any manner to suit a given purpose.
  • [0016]
    It is evident that a block 1 of this kind generally has to be larger than the largest lever contained within it. Thus, for longer levers, the block will be relatively long and correspondingly heavy. To some degree, this puts a practical limit on the lever length. Now, in order to nevertheless achieve a particularly large lever magnification, an arrangement is provided in which a lever 5, rotatable about a thinned-down, elastically flexible fulcrum portion 2 (FIG. 1, 2), is connected to a second lever 7 through a coupling member 4. Two long lever arms 6, 7 are attached to the lever 5 outside of the block 1 by means of fastener pins 10 passing through attachment holes 8, 9. As can be seen in FIGS. 1 to 3, the lever arms 6, 7 (connected at the end by a U-turn segment 11) extend considerably beyond the length of the block 1 without significantly increasing the total weight. Now, when a force is applied to the magnifying lever 6, 7, it will be transmitted in a very effective way to the lever system of the block 1 and thus in the end to an electrical force transducer in the form of at least one strain gauge 14 (shown only schematically in FIG. 1) at the top (and/or bottom) side of two flexure domains 12, 13 (FIG. 2) of block 1.
  • [0017]
    As shown with particular clarity in FIG. 3, permanent magnets 15, 16 are located preferably opposite the sides and as close as possible towards the end of the lever arms 6, 7, so that any movement of the lever arms 6, 7 is damped by eddy currents that are generated inside the metallic lever arms 6, 7. Of course, the arrangement shown here represents only one possibility among many, although it has proven to be particularly advantageous. For example, permanent magnets of this kind may be provided not only on the outside of the arms 6, 7 but also at the opposite inside locations. Furthermore, more than one magnet may be arranged in a row along the arms 6, 7, although the placement near the free ends clearly produces the greatest damping force. Finally, it is also conceivable to arrange a damper magnet in the area of the transverse U-turn segment 11.
  • [0018]
    As is further evident from the drawing, the free end of the lever arms 6, 7 comprises a receiving means 17 for a calibration weight 18. The arrangement of the receiving means 17, as shown most clearly in FIGS. 2 and 3, consists of cutouts that are located opposite each other on the lever arms 6, 7. To define the seating position of the calibration weight 18, it is advantageous if the cutouts are at least in part V-shaped as indicated in FIG. 2 to receive the cylindrical axle 18′ of the calibration weight 18. Clearly, this represents a particularly advantageous embodiment in comparison to other possible solutions, such as a triangular or prismatic axle 18′ that could be received in a correspondingly shaped cutout. The receiving means 17 could also be formed by projections on the lever arms 6, 7, but this is less preferred from a manufacturing point of view. Nevertheless, using any one of these possible solutions, the weight that is used for the calibration can be made significantly lighter and easier to handle.
  • [0019]
    The advantage of the lever-magnified calibration weight is achieved by attaching the weighing pan (not shown in FIGS. 1 to 4) to the same area of the block 1 where the lever system introduces the force of the calibration weight into the block 1, i.e., the load-receiving area 21. The holes 19 are provided for the attachment of the weighing pan. The lever ratios within the block 1 in relation to the lever arm distance of the receiving means 17 for the calibration weight have to be appropriately adapted, so that the calibration weight generates the correct amount of load on the block 1. The stationary side 20 is located at the opposite end of the block 1.
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 5 represents a further embodiment of a block la. In the following description of this embodiment, parts that perform the same function as in the previously discussed figures are identified by the same reference numbers, and parts that perform a merely similar function are identified by the same reference numbers with the addition of a letter. Thus, the description of the respective elements need not be repeated in detail.
  • [0021]
    In the embodiment of a block la that is shown in FIG. 5, the magnifying lever 7 is shown only schematically. As in the preceding example, the lever 7 is attached to the lever 5 a by means of pins (see ref. 10 in the preceding figures) engaged in attachment holes 8, 9, and the lever 5 a is rotatable about a thinned-down, elastically flexible fulcrum portion 2. The lever 5 a is a two-armed lever with a relatively short lever arm 5 b extending to the right of the fulcrum 2, so that the calibration weight M placed on the magnifying lever 7 at the location 17 is magnified at the ratio of the lever arms 7 and 5 b and introduced into a coupling member 22. The coupling member 22 is connected through a flexible pivot portion 23 to the end of a relatively long lever arm 6 a that is rotatable about a further spatially fixed fulcrum portion 24. The lever arm 6 a also belongs to a two-armed lever that has a second, shorter arm 6 b. As a result, the calibration weight placed at location 17 is magnified a second time.
  • [0022]
    Not the least of the factors to be considered, the lever ratio represents the relationship between the calibration weight and an equivalent weighing load placed on the scale. The load-receiving area in FIG. 5 is again identified as 21, more specifically 21′. The weighing load F is applied to the area 21′ and introduced at 21 through a coupling member 25 and subsequently through a flexing pivot 26 into the lever arm 6 b. Here, too, the locations 12 and 13 represent flexural domains for mounting a strain gauge (not shown in FIG. 5; see ref. 14 in FIGS. 1-4). It is also self-evident that damper magnets can again be arranged to cooperate with the magnifying lever 7 in the same advantageous manner as the magnets 15, 16 in the preceding figures.
  • [0023]
    Numerous variations are possible within the scope of the invention. For example, the lever 7, too, could in principle be a part of the block 1, but this would make the block too large and heavy, which is why the illustrated embodiment with a separate lever 7 attached to the block 1 is preferable. Theoretically, the damper elements could also be electromagnets instead of the permanent magnets 5, 6 shown, although this appears to be less practical.

Claims (8)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A lever system for a weighing scale with a measuring transducer producing signals in response to a weight of an object placed on the weighing scale, the measuring transducer being attached to a body that is coupled to the lever system and the lever system having a means for receiving a calibration weight, wherein the improvement comprises
    a magnifying lever on which the means for receiving the calibration weight is arranged so that the force exerted by the calibration weight is magnified before it is introduced into the body that holds the force transducer,
    the additional distinctive feature that at least a part of the lever system is formed of an integral block.
  2. 2. The lever system according to claim 1, comprising at least one damper element exerting a damping on the magnifying lever, arranged so that the damping force is magnified by the magnifying lever.
  3. 3. The lever system according to claim 1, wherein the magnifying lever is connected to the integral block and extends lengthwise beyond the integral block.
  4. 4. The lever system according to claim 1, wherein the measuring transducer is attached to the integral block.
  5. 5. The lever system according to claim 1, comprising within the integral block a further magnifying lever arrangement for the calibration weight.
  6. 6. The lever system according to claim 2, wherein the magnifying lever consists of metal and the at least one damper element comprises an inductive damper element in the form of a permanent magnet arranged to generate eddy currents in the magnifying lever and thereby damp oscillations.
  7. 7. The lever system according to claim 6, wherein the inductive damper element is arranged laterally alongside the lengthwise extension of the magnifying lever.
  8. 8. The lever system according to claim 7, wherein at least two inductive damper elements are each arranged laterally on a respective side of the lengthwise extension of the magnifying lever.
US09427632 1998-11-16 1999-10-27 Calibration system for a weighing scale Expired - Fee Related US6414252B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19852670 1998-11-16
DE19852670 1998-11-16
DE19852670.9 1998-11-16

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20020050412A1 true true US20020050412A1 (en) 2002-05-02
US6414252B1 US6414252B1 (en) 2002-07-02

Family

ID=7887881

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09427632 Expired - Fee Related US6414252B1 (en) 1998-11-16 1999-10-27 Calibration system for a weighing scale

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US6414252B1 (en)
DE (1) DE19953987B4 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20160069732A1 (en) * 2012-12-24 2016-03-10 Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc. Load Suspension and Weighing System for a Dialysis Machine Reservoir

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10054847C2 (en) * 2000-11-04 2002-10-17 Sartorius Gmbh Weighing sensor with a calibration weight
DE10148762A1 (en) * 2001-10-02 2003-04-24 Mettler Toledo Gmbh Thin points bending bearing for a force-measuring device and force-transmitting device with such a
JP4203737B2 (en) * 2003-07-28 2009-01-07 株式会社島津製作所 Load cell type weight measuring device
EP1674842B1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2008-01-23 Mettler-Toledo AG Mechanical coupling for a calibration weight in an electronic balance
DE502005006317D1 (en) 2005-01-26 2009-02-05 Mettler Toledo Gmbh Gravimetric measurement device with calibration
US7331210B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2008-02-19 Ronald Dietrich Conveyor weighbridge with built-in calibration weight
EP1873504A1 (en) * 2006-06-28 2008-01-02 Mettler-Toledo AG Mechanical coupling for a calibration weight in an electronic balance
EP2910914B1 (en) * 2014-02-21 2018-01-31 Multipond Wägetechnik GmbH Weighing device and method for operating the weighing device

Family Cites Families (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1277624A (en) * 1968-10-09 1972-06-14 Sartorius Werke G M B H Improvements in or relating to a precision balance
FR2198127B1 (en) * 1972-09-07 1976-01-23 Le Cren Roger Fr
DE3273652D1 (en) 1982-04-30 1986-11-13 Sauter August Gmbh Balance
DE3639521C2 (en) * 1986-11-20 1994-03-17 Sartorius Gmbh electric scales
EP0291258A3 (en) * 1987-05-09 1990-03-28 Shimadzu Corporation Electronic balance
US4813505A (en) * 1988-01-12 1989-03-21 Sartorius Gmbh Balance with scale on top and parallel guide consisting of a one-piece casting and one-piece parallel guide system
DE3838151A1 (en) 1988-11-10 1990-05-17 Bizerba Werke Kraut Kg Wilh Balance
DE4119734A1 (en) * 1991-06-14 1992-12-17 Mettler Toledo Ag Device for force reduction in a force-measuring device, in particular a horizontal
DE4305426A1 (en) 1993-02-22 1994-08-25 Mettler Toledo Ag Force measuring device, in particular scales
US5623128A (en) * 1994-03-01 1997-04-22 Mettler-Toledo, Inc. Load cell with modular calibration components
DE4427087C2 (en) * 1994-07-30 1996-07-11 Sartorius Gmbh Upper pan balance
US5721398A (en) * 1994-11-11 1998-02-24 Mettler-Toledo Ag Overload protection device for a precision balance
US5866854A (en) * 1996-02-12 1999-02-02 Mettler-Toledo Ag Calibrating device for a balance
DE19605087C2 (en) 1996-02-12 1998-05-20 Mettler Toledo Gmbh Calibration device for a scale
DE19632709C1 (en) * 1996-08-14 1998-01-08 Sartorius Gmbh Electronic balance with parallel linkage guide and strain gauge corner load sensor
DE19729623B4 (en) * 1997-07-10 2004-10-07 Mettler-Toledo Gmbh Arrangement for mounting of a parallelogram in a force measuring device
JPH11108740A (en) 1997-10-03 1999-04-23 A & D Co Ltd Load cell-type weighing device equipped with calibration function
DE19820637A1 (en) * 1998-05-08 1999-11-11 Mettler Toledo Gmbh Scale with a coupling area for a calibration

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20160069732A1 (en) * 2012-12-24 2016-03-10 Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc. Load Suspension and Weighing System for a Dialysis Machine Reservoir
US9841310B2 (en) * 2012-12-24 2017-12-12 Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc. Load suspension and weighing system for a dialysis machine reservoir

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE19953987A1 (en) 2000-05-18 application
US6414252B1 (en) 2002-07-02 grant
DE19953987B4 (en) 2005-07-21 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3512595A (en) Suspension-type strain gage transducer structure
US3430901A (en) Mounting device for the engine block of a vehicle
US3443653A (en) Weighing scale
US4391147A (en) Transducer device for measuring mechanical values on hollow bodies
US3805604A (en) Load cell and flexure means for transferring force thereto
US4623991A (en) Delta-shaped geophone spring
US3727862A (en) Aircraft power-unit suspension system
US5604312A (en) Rate-of-rotation sensor
US4221131A (en) Vibrating beam accelerometer
US3238789A (en) Vibrating bar transducer
US4384495A (en) Mounting system for applying forces to load-sensitive resonators
US4411325A (en) Load bar mounting assembly
US5251483A (en) Piezoelectric sensor element intended for a gyro
US4656383A (en) Vibrating beam force transducer with single isolator spring
US4099409A (en) Multi-axis load cell with arcuate flexures
US4458344A (en) Tapered geophone spring
US5721398A (en) Overload protection device for a precision balance
US4518887A (en) Differential lever actuator including differentially force-transmitting members which are not liable to break
US6194672B1 (en) Balance with a mechanical coupling area for a calibration weight
US4403681A (en) Three directional vibration isolator
US4140028A (en) Vibration isolation system
US6595054B2 (en) Digital angular rate and acceleration sensor
US5510581A (en) Mass-produced flat multiple-beam load cell and scales incorporating it
US6807866B2 (en) Transducer of the vibration type, such as an electromechanical transducer of the coriollis type
US4419895A (en) Cantilevered-beam, fiber-optic angular accelerometer

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: METTLER-TOLEDO GMBH, SWITZERLAND

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:EMERY, JEAN-CHRISTOPHE;ISELI, MARC;REEL/FRAME:010724/0163;SIGNING DATES FROM 19991207 TO 19991213

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

AS Assignment

Owner name: METTLER-TOLEDO AG, GERMANY

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:METTLER-TOLEDO GMBH;REEL/FRAME:018606/0929

Effective date: 20060720

AS Assignment

Owner name: METTLER-TOLEDO AG, SWITZERLAND

Free format text: RE-RECORD CHANGE OF NAME DOCUMENT TO CORRECT ASSIGNEE S COUNTRY;ASSIGNOR:METTLER-TOLEDO GMBH;REEL/FRAME:018720/0723

Effective date: 20060720

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 20140702