US20010041879A1 - Absorbent articles having improved fastening system - Google Patents

Absorbent articles having improved fastening system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20010041879A1
US20010041879A1 US09844726 US84472601A US2001041879A1 US 20010041879 A1 US20010041879 A1 US 20010041879A1 US 09844726 US09844726 US 09844726 US 84472601 A US84472601 A US 84472601A US 2001041879 A1 US2001041879 A1 US 2001041879A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
absorbent article
provided
numeral
article
tape tab
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US09844726
Inventor
Hamzeh Karami
Kambiz Damaghi
Babak Damaghi
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
First Quality Products Inc
Original Assignee
First Quality Enterprises Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49007Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers
    • A61F13/49009Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means
    • A61F13/49011Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the waist region
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49007Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers
    • A61F13/49009Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means
    • A61F13/49014Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the side panels
    • A61F13/49015Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means is located at the side panels the elastic means being elastic panels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49007Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers
    • A61F13/49009Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means
    • A61F13/49019Form-fitting, self-adjusting disposable diapers with elastic means the elastic means being placed longitudinally, transversely or diagonally over the article
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/5622Supporting or fastening means specially adapted for diapers or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/5622Supporting or fastening means specially adapted for diapers or the like
    • A61F13/565Supporting or fastening means specially adapted for diapers or the like pants type diaper
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/64Straps, belts, ties or endless bands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F2013/49068Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers characterized by the shape of the outline
    • A61F2013/49077Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers characterized by the shape of the outline as "T"-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/84Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads
    • A61F2013/8497Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads having decorations or indicia means

Abstract

A disposable absorbent article such as, e.g., a T-shaped diaper comprising two portions, a lateral portion (backwaist) having two lateral segments or wings for wrapping around the waist of a wearer of the diaper, and a second vertical portion or insert which is adapted to be passed under the crotch of the wearer and folded thereover. A uniquely designed tape tab located at the outer lateral end of one wing assures more perfect and comfortable fit. Tape tabs are also provided at the distal ends of vertical portion for engagement onto landing zones disposed on the surface of each wing. These tape tabs may have the same general construction as the tape tab on the diaper wing. The dimensions of the diaper and several of its components and the relative locations of these components are important factors which contribute to improved fitness and functions of the diaper.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/797,334 filed Mar. 1, 2001, which is, in turn, a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/376,282 filed Aug. 18, 1999, which is, in turn, a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/097,198 filed Jun. 12, 1998, which is, in turn, a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/149,265 filed Sep. 8, 1998.[0001]
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to absorbent articles such as disposable diapers, infant and adult incontinent briefs and underpants used for absorption and containment of urine and other body exudates. More particularly, this invention relates to a fastening system used in such articles for providing an improved and effective means of detachably securing the front and rear of such articles. In one particular aspect, this invention relates to providing such fasteners in T-shaped briefs. In another aspect, this invention relates to the dimensions of the brief and several components of the brief as well as the locations of some of the components. [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The aforementioned copending application Ser. No. 09/376,282 describes an embodiment of the invention therein which is directed to a generally T-shaped brief, e.g., a diaper which comprises a chassis having two intersecting portions which together define a generally T-shaped configuration when the chassis is laid out flat and viewed in stretched position. One of the two portions or pieces is a crosspiece comprising opposed lateral segments or wings adapted to be wrapped on the waist of a wearer of the diaper such as to overlap each other, and the second portion or piece is vertical relative to the crosspiece and has a proximal end, and a distal end which can be passed under the crotch and folded upwardly and over or under the overlapped wings. The T-shaped diaper described in said copending application is provided with a fastening system designed to secure the diaper tightly but comfortably around the waist as illustrated in FIGS. [0003] 23-28 of said application. Another variant of the invention, i.e., a generally H-shaped diaper as shown in FIG. 28. The disclosure of said application Ser. No. 09/376,382 is fully incorporated herein by reference.
  • T-shaped diapers have received widespread attention and acceptance due, in part, to their relative ease of fabrication and use, and the comfort they provide to the wearer as well as the protection they afford against leakage of urine and body exudates. A variety of T-shaped briefs or diapers have been described in the prior art. [0004]
  • For example, one T-shaped diaper was described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,051,854 issued to Gabrielle Leonie Aaron on Oct. 4, 1977. The diaper described therein has a center flap and two ear flaps which, when laid flat, defines a T-shape configuration as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 of that patent. Fastening means are provided in the form of multiplicity of hooks and loops for fastening the ear flaps to the center flap. [0005]
  • Another T-shaped diaper is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,995,873 issued to Jacklyn M. Knight on Feb. 26, 1991 which comprises a crosspiece and an intersecting piece which together define the T-shape configuration of the diaper when laid out in flat position. The crosspiece has opposite ends or wings which encircle the waist in an overlapping manner and the intersecting piece passes under the crotch and upwardly and over the crosspiece. Releasable fastening means such as press-on/rip-off adhesive or Velcro® strips are employed to attach the intersecting piece to the crosspiece. [0006]
  • Whether using a T-shaped diaper or other types of diapers, it is essential that the diaper meet at least two significant criteria, i.e., comfort to the wearer and protection against leakage of body fluids and exudates. In order to achieve these objectives, many prior art workers in the field have focused on providing the diaper with an effective fastening system. Indeed, in the aforementioned application Ser. No. 09/372,382, the inventors describe a fastening system for T-shaped diaper designed to achieve the foregoing objectives. Thus, in the T-shaped diaper described therein, one female fastening means is provided on the lateral wing or segment of the crosspiece and at least one male fastening means is provided on the other lateral wing or segment of the crosspiece such that when the two lateral segments are wrapped around the waist and overlap each other, the male fastener engages the female fastener. In addition, a pair of spaced apart female fasteners are provided on said crosspiece between the end fasteners in the wings such that when the two wings are wrapped around the waist and folded over each other as aforesaid, said two spaced apart female fasteners will be engaged by a pair of spaced apart male fasteners located at the distal end of the vertical piece of the T-shaped diaper. [0007]
  • As it can be seen from the description in the aforementioned application Ser. No. 09/376,382 and the prior art in general, a variety of fasteners are employed such as, e.g., adhesive tape tabs, Velcro®, fabrics which act as female surface for a male fastener, so-called hook and loop fasteners, or even mechanical elements. As it can also be appreciated, the concern over providing a leak-proof, and good fitting diaper is not limited to a particular shaped diaper. Regardless of their shapes, it is essential that the diaper be provided with an effective fastening means which assures tight but comfortable wear, and affords protection against leakage of fluid and body exudates. [0008]
  • Recently, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,906,604 issued on May 25, 1999 to Ronnberg et al., the patentee describes an attachment means for a belt used with an absorbent garment. The belt is either integrated with the absorbent garment, or it can be a separate belt attached to the absorbent garment by means of a releasable attachment such as hook and loop type fastening means, e.g., VELCRO®. Other fastening systems are described in the patents referred to in the aforementioned Ronnberg et al. patent as well as a host of other prior art patents. [0009]
  • A mechanical fastening system for absorbent articles is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,279,604 issued to Robinson et al. on Jan. 18, 1994. The mechanical fastening system described therein comprises a tape tab having a first fastening element, a landing member comprising a second fastening element which is engageable with the first fastening element, and an additional fastening element for securing the absorbent article in a manner which facilitates disposal of the article. [0010]
  • Notwithstanding the plethora of prior art patents describing a variety of fastening systems for different diapers, there is still a need for a fastening system which is inexpensive, simple to apply to the garment and is effective in preventing leakage of body fluids and exudates from the diaper. [0011]
  • Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an absorbent article, e.g., a diaper, which has an improved fastening system. [0012]
  • It is also an object of this invention to provide such diaper with a fastening system which is easy to apply to the diaper and which is adjustable to assure comfort and fitness to the body of the wearer, and which can afford maximum protection against leakage of urine and body exudates. [0013]
  • It is another object of this invention to provide a diaper having an improved fastening system wherein the diaper, when laid out flat, has a T-shaped configuration. [0014]
  • It is yet another object of this invention to provide a T-shaped diaper of certain dimensions which has components of defined dimensions and advantageous relative locations. [0015]
  • The foregoing and other features and advantages of the present invention will be appreciated from the following detailed description taken with the accompanying drawings. [0016]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides a diaper, such as a T-shaped diaper, having novel fastening system. The T-shaped diaper has a chassis comprising two intersecting portions or cross pieces which define the T-shape configuration of the diaper when viewed in stretched position. One portion is a lateral piece having lateral segments or wings which are adapted to be wrapped around the waist of a wearer of the diaper. The second portion is a vertical piece having a proximal end attached to the chassis and a distal end with tape tabs. The vertical portion is adapted to be passed under the crotch region of the diaper, folded thereover and attached to landing zones on the surface of the lateral segments by the tape tabs located at said distal end. [0017]
  • In order to assure fit and comfort, a novel tape tab is provided at or near one of said segments or wings, e.g., the right segment when the diaper is viewed in front stretched position. Tape tabs are also provided at the distal ends of the intersecting vertical portion which may be similar to the tape tab located on the wing of the diaper. [0018]
  • In accordance with this invention several fastening systems are disclosed which are more fully discussed in the detailed description of the present invention. [0019]
  • The relative dimensions of the wings and the chassis components of the absorbent article, the width of the landing zones and their and location, the relaxed overall dimensions of the chassis are factors which contribute to providing a commercially attractive and easy-to-package brief which fits snugly and comfortably around the body of the wearer. [0020]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • In the drawings, wherein like reference numerals are employed to designate like parts wherever possible: [0021]
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a T-shaped diaper in assembled form when worn by a wearer; [0022]
  • FIG. 2 is perspective view of the diaper in FIG. 1 showing the center vertical segment with its distal end partly folded upward and away from the diaper chassis and showing an insert and a belt attached together; [0023]
  • FIG. 3 is another perspective view of the diaper of FIG. 2 but showing the center vertical segment hanging more freely prior to assembling the diaper; [0024]
  • FIG. 4 is a stretched view of the diaper of FIG. 1 when it is laid out flat; [0025]
  • FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line [0026] 5-5 of FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 6 is a view of a T-shaped diaper in stretched position employing a tape tab and landing zone fastening system according to one embodiment of the present invention; [0027]
  • FIG. 7 is a top view of the tape tab shown in FIG. 6, with the fastener tape in open, ready to be used position; [0028]
  • FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along the line [0029] 8-8 of FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 9 is a sectional view taken along the line [0030] 9-9 of FIG. 6;
  • FIG. 10 is a partly perspective view of a diaper having a tape tab and landing zone fastening system ready for use; [0031]
  • FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the diaper shown in FIG. 10 in ready to be assembled position; [0032]
  • FIG. 12 is a view similar to FIG. 6 employing multi-layer tape tab and landing zone fastening system according to another embodiment of the present invention; [0033]
  • FIG. 13 is a top view of the multi-layer tape tab and landing zone fastening system of FIG. 12 with the fastener tape in open ready to use position; [0034]
  • FIG. 14 is a sectional view taken along the line [0035] 14-14 of FIG. 13;
  • FIG. 15 is a sectional view taken along the lines [0036] 15-15 of FIG. 12;
  • FIG. 16 is a stretched view of a T-shaped diaper similar to FIGS. 11 and 12 but employing a hook and loop fastening system according to a different embodiment of the present invention; [0037]
  • FIG. 17 is a top view of the hook system employed in FIG. 16 with the tape tab in open ready to be used position; [0038]
  • FIG. 18 is a sectional view taken along the line [0039] 18-18 of FIG. 17;
  • FIG. 19 is a sectional view taken along the line [0040] 19-19 in FIG. 16;
  • FIG. 20 is a view similar to FIG. 16 but employs a multi-layer hook and loop fastening system according to yet another embodiment of present invention; [0041]
  • FIG. 21 is a top view of the multi-layer hook and loop fastening system used in FIG. 20 with the tape tab in open ready to be used position; [0042]
  • FIG. 22 is a sectional view taken along the line [0043] 22-22 in FIG. 21;
  • FIG. 23 is a sectional view taken along the line [0044] 23-23 in FIG. 20;
  • FIG. 24 is a view similar to FIG. 10 employing a multi-layer hook and loop fastening system, and illustrates the diaper after the first attempt of fastening the tape system and peeling open the diaper to show the tape tabs as in FIG. 22. [0045]
  • FIG. 25 is a view similar to FIG. 20 wherein the diaper is partly elasticated; [0046]
  • FIG. 26 is a sectional view taken along the line [0047] 26-26 of FIG. 25;
  • FIG. 27 is a sectional view taken along the line [0048] 27-27 of FIG. 25;
  • FIG. 28 is a view similar to FIG. 16 with the distal end of the vertical section having laterally extended segments or wings; [0049]
  • FIG. 29 is a view similar to FIG. 20 with a male fastener at one wing and a female fastener is provided at the opposite wing; [0050]
  • FIG. 30 is a sectional view taken along the line [0051] 30-30 of FIG. 29;
  • FIG. 31 is a sectional view taken along the line [0052] 31-31 of FIG. 29;
  • FIG. 32 is a sectional view showing the reverse position shown in FIG. 30; [0053]
  • FIG. 33 is a sectional view showing the reverse position shown in FIG. 31; [0054]
  • FIG. 34 is a view similar to FIG. 16 having different tape tab positions at the distal end of the vertical portion; [0055]
  • FIG. 35 is a sectional view taken along the lines [0056] 35-35 of FIG. 34;
  • FIG. 36 is a stretched view similar to FIG. 25 wherein each wing segment is folded over itself; [0057]
  • FIG. 37 is a sectional view taken along the line [0058] 37-37 of FIG. 36;
  • FIG. 38 is a view of a diaper when it is laid out flat, such as shown in FIG. 6, illustrating the desired relative dimensions and other features of the invention which enhance fitness of the diaper, and [0059]
  • FIG. 39 is a sectional view taken along the line [0060] 39-39 of FIG. 38.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DIFFERENT EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
  • Referring first to FIGS. [0061] 1-5, there is shown in FIG. 1, a diaper generally designated as 100 comprising a chassis having a back waist region 101 and a front waist region 103 (which may be elasticized), a crotch region 105 and a pair of leg openings 107,109 through which extend the legs of the wearer. The diaper 100 also comprises an absorbent core or pad 111 which is disposed between a liquid pervious cover sheet 113 and a liquid impervious backsheet 115 as illustrated in FIG. 5 and described hereinafter. The back waist region 101 comprises a mid region 123 having a pair of opposed laterally extending segments or ears 117,119 and a center intersecting segment or flap 121 which extends vertically downward relative to the ears 117,119 as illustrated in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4. The ear segments 117,119 are adapted to be wrapped around the waist, and the center vertical segment 121 is adapted to be passed under the crotch region 105, pulled up and folded over the crotch region and engaged onto the ear segments 117,119 as hereinafter described. In order to assure a more perfect fit of the diaper around the torso of the wearer, the ear segments 117,119 and the center flap 121 are provided with fastening means at strategic locations on their respective surfaces. For example, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the front surface 123A of the mid region 123 is provided with a male Velcro-type fastening means 125 adjacent the right lateral end of the ear segments 119, and the reverse surface 123B opposite the surface 123A is provided with a female Velcro-type fastening means 127,129,131. The distal end 133 of the center segment 121 has a top surface on which is provided a pair of opposed, generally parallel and spaced apart male Velcro-type fastening means 137,139. As it will become apparent from the description of the assembly of the diaper during its use, the fastening means on the ear segments and the center segment are located at such positions as to result in a remarkable tight fit diaper which is highly effective against leakage of fluid and body exudates.
  • In use, the ear segment [0062] 117 is wrapped around the waist first, followed by wrapping the ear segment 119 around the waist to overlap the ear segment 117, and the male Velcro fastener 125 is engaged onto the female Velcro fastener 131. The center segment 121 is then passed under the crotch of the wearer and folded thereover and upwardly onto the top surface 123A of the diaper, and then engaging the male Velcro fasteners 139 and 137 onto the corresponding aligned female Velcro fasteners 127 and 129 respectively. By proper spacings and alignments of the male/female Velcro fasteners, the fasteners will mate, i.e., inter-engage, thus resulting in a more perfect fit to the waist of the wearer and prevent leakage of the body fluids and exudates out of the diaper.
  • The materials and fabrics used in making the diapers of the present invention are generally of the type and variety known in the art and are described, for example, in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,695,278 and 4,795,454 and in copending, commonly assigned application Ser. No. 09/149,265, filed Sep. 8, 1998, the disclosures of which are fully incorporated herein by reference. Thus, the liquid pervious cover sheet is a compliant soft material which is skin friendly and does not cause rash or irritation. Such materials include porous foams, reticulated foams, plastics, natural fibers such as woods or cotton fibers, synthetic fibers made of polyester or propylene available from First Quality Fibers, Inc., McElhattan, Pa., or made from a combination of such materials. [0063]
  • The absorbent pad or core may be manufactured from a wide variety of liquid absorbent materials of the type usually used in manufacturing disposable diapers and other absorbent articles. Such materials include comminuted wood pulp, creped cellulose wadding, absorbent foams and sponges, super absorbent polymers, or a combination of said materials. [0064]
  • The acquisition layer is usually made of chemically bonded nonwoven polyester available from American Nonwovens, Columbus, Miss. Preferably, the width of this layer is substantially the same as the width of the crotch absorbent core. This core may be made of wood pulp fibers and super absorbent polymers (SAP) such as IM 7000 series available from Clarian Products, Inc., Portsmouth, Inc., Va., and Chemdal 2000 series, available from Chemdal Inc. Palantine, Ill. Alternatively, the absorbent core may be made of dual layer construction, in which case, the absorbent polymer may be securely positioned between each layer of the absorbent material. [0065]
  • The film backing is usually a polyethylene layer which is liquid, air and preferably vapor impermeable, and is placed under the absorbent core to prevent the body exudates from leaking and otherwise soiling the user's bed and clothing. The width and length of the backing film are generally wider and longer than the width and length of the absorbent core. Polyethylenes suitable as backing film for the purpose of this invention are available from Clopay Plastics, Cincinnati, Ohio. The topsheet is also preferably made of spunbond nonwoven polypropylene and is usually coextensive with the backing film. In general, however, the various layers are of the type and materials well known in the diaper industry and within the scope and knowledge of those versed in this art. [0066]
  • In the T-shaped diaper described and illustrated by reference to FIGS. [0067] 1-5, the fastening system employed is the system described in the aforementioned application Ser. No. 09/376,282, the disclosure of which is fully incorporated herein by reference. The ensuing description, however, will be directed to the novel fastening system of the present invention, and will be described in connection with a T-shaped diaper, although it may be employed in other absorbent articles as well.
  • A first embodiment of the fastening system of the present invention is shown in FIGS. [0068] 6-9 and a diaper incorporating this fastening system is shown, in perspective view, in FIGS. 10-11. As shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the diaper generally designated as 200 comprises a chassis having a back waist region 201 a front waist region 203 and a crotch region 205 and an absorbent core 207. A pair of opposed lateral segments or wings 209, 211 extend from the respective edges of the back waist region 201, and a generally vertical intersecting piece 213 having a proximal end 213A attached to the diaper chassis and a distal end 213B with a pair of opposed tapes 215, 217 disposed at each side of the intersecting piece near the distal end thereof.
  • Referring to FIGS. [0069] 6-9, there is shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 the tape tab 219 having a portion 219A used to fasten the tape to the diaper, and a second portion 219B permanently attached to the bottom surface of the wing 209, i.e., the surface away from the skin of the wearer (see FIGS. 8 and 9). The tape portion 219 has a top surface 221 covered with a pressure sensitive adhesive, and an opposed bottom surface made of a suitable plastic such as, e.g., polyethylene or polypropylene film, or other material such as, e.g., woven or nonwoven. As shown in FIG. 7, the fastening system of this embodiment comprises a release tape 223 having a top surface coated with a release agent such as a silicone compound, and an opposed bottom adhesive surface with a portion of the release tape 223 attached to the portion 219A and the other portion adhered to the top surface of the wing 209. Before use, the portion 219A is folded over the portion 219B in order to protect the adhesive surface during transportation of the product. For convenience of manipulation, the lateral edge of the tape 219 is folded upon itself so as to form an adhesive-free grip strip (Finger lift) 225.
  • The other component of the fastening system in this embodiment of the invention are landing zones (tapes) [0070] 227,229 located on the lateral segments or wings 209 and 211, respectively. The size of each landing zone may be varied if desired depending on the size of the diaper. Each landing zone has an outer surface covered, at least partly, with a release agent such as a silicone compound. This allows the tape tab 219 to be positioned and repositioned on the landing zone 229 several times without tearing the diaper fabric.
  • In use, the tape tabs [0071] 219 is peeled away from the tape tab 219A by gripping and pulling away the grip strip 225. The diaper wings 209 and 211 are then wrapped around the waist of the wearer and the pressure sensitive surface 221 of the tape 219 is secured to the landing zone 229. Thereafter, the insert piece 213 is passed under the crotch, folded thereover and the tape tabs 215 and 217 located at the distal end of the insert piece is releasably secured to the landing zones such that tape tab 215 is secured to the landing zone 227 and tape tab 217 is secured to the landing zone 229. Tape tabs 215 and 217 may each have the same construction as tape tab 219, if desired. As it can be seen, the fastening system permits repeated adjustments and repositioning of the tape tabs on the landing zones to achieve a desired fit without tearing the fabric of the diaper.
  • The second embodiment of the present invention defines of multi-layer tape tabs and landing zone shown in FIGS. [0072] 12-15 which is similar to the first embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 6-9 except for differences in the fastener 219 discussed below. As shown in FIG. 12 the T-shaped 200 comprise a chassis having opposed lateral segments or wing 209,211. The construction of the diaper is otherwise the same as in FIG. 6. The fastener 219, however, consists of two layers of tapes 219A,219C. Initially, the layer 219A is used to fasten the tape 219 to the diaper. In order to readjust the diaper, the layer 219C may be peeled off, leaving the layer 219A in place to act as a landing zone for readjustment of the diaper when necessary. After readjusting the diaper, the layer 219C is attached back onto layer 219A. Thus, the second fastening system requires less landing zone than the first embodiment while still realizing the advantage of repeated readjustment of the diaper and repositioning of the tape tab without tearing the diaper fabric. The use of multi-layer tape tab according to the second embodiment, with less landing zone area, results in increased flexibility of the wing portion of the diaper, and permits the use of elasticized wings when desired, all resulting in decreased manufacturing cost of the diaper. The construction of tape tabs 215,217 may be similar to tape tab 219.
  • The third embodiment of the present invention employs hook and loop fastening system as illustrated in FIGS. [0073] 16-19. This fastening system is similar to the first fastening system described in connection with FIGS. 6-9 except that the landing zones 227 and 229 is covered with loop material rather than a silicone compound and the top surface of the tape portion 219A is covered with a hook material which covers the pressure sensitive adhesive. Thus, the release tab 223 covers the adhesive area that is not covered by the hook material. Referring to FIGS. 16-19, it can be seen that the configuration and construction of the T-shaped diaper of FIG. 16 is the same as in FIG. 6. Instead of being covered by a pressure sensitive adhesive as in FIG. 7, the portion 219A is covered with layer of hook material H, e.g., Velcro®. A grip strip 225 facilitates gripping the end of the tape 219 when peeling the fastener.
  • In use, the diaper wings are wrapped as hereinbefore described, the grip strip [0074] 225 is gripped to peel the tape 219 away and expose the hook surface H and then attaching (engaging) the hook surface H onto the loop-landing zone 229 on the wing. The intersecting portion 213 is then passed under the crotch, folded thereover and the tabs 215,217 are secured to the landing zones 227,229, respectively. Again the construction of tape tabs 215,217 may be identical to tape tabs 219 in FIGS. 6, 12 and 16.
  • Referring to FIGS. [0075] 20-23 the fourth embodiment of the present invention is similar to the second embodiment except that the tape 219 consists of two superposed layers; a layer 219D having a top adhesive surface 219E and an opposed bottom surface 219F covered with loop material. Superposed on the tape 219D is the layer 219G which is covered with hook material H, the same as layer 219A in FIG. 18. Again tape tabs 215 and 217 may be identical to tape tab 219.
  • FIG. 24 illustrates a diaper, in semi-assembled position, incorporating the fastening system described in the second and fourth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 24, the tabs [0076] 215,217 are shown in open position after use of the diaper in order to further illustrate the fastening system. As it can be seem from this figure, after the diaper has been worn and the insert piece 213 has been removed to disassemble the diaper, there remains on the wings 227 and 229, the layers 219D as described in connection with FIG. 22.
  • From the foregoing detailed description it is evident that several changes and modifications may be made in the different fastening systems which are obvious from, and are suggested by the description herein. It must also be noted that the nature of the different layers, the hook and loop materials and the adhesives used are well known in the art and are mentioned in the prior art patents discussed in this application as well as the earlier related patent applications. [0077]
  • Referring to FIGS. [0078] 25-27, the diaper shown therein has elasticated portions E attached to the wings, the mid-waist section and the distal end of the insert 213 or vertical intersecting portion. The elastic material may be any of the known elastic materials used in the art. This inclusion of elastics in the aforementioned diaper portion adds to stretchability of the wings and the diaper for improved fit and comfort. Also, the wings dimension, i.e., length L and width W can vary depending on the desired size. The diaper wings are usually made from spunbond, spunbond and meltblown, thermally or chemically bonded, hydrogenated nonwoven, composites made of film and nonwoven laminates and composites made of nonwoven/film/nonwoven. The film may be elastic and the nonwoven may have 50 to 200 percent elongation capability. If desired, the composite may be apertured in order to further improve its stretchability. The wings may be added as separate pieces on each side of the chassis insert, or they can be formed as extension of the insert.
  • The insert [0079] 213 used in the diaper consists of a fluid permeable coversheet, a fluid impermeable backsheet and an absorbent pad sandwiched therebetween. The absorbent pad may be made of a superabsorbent polymer (SAP) of the type used in the art and wood pulp fibers having the desired density. The ratio of SAP to wood pulp may be varied over a wide range. If desired, a layer or multilayer of drylaid type material can be used as the absorbent pad, such as Rayoner Novathin 2250355 or 3400355 available from Rayonier. The front and backwaist of the insert may be elasticized by attaching elastic web between the coversheet and the backsheet of the insert front and waist area similar to the wings.
  • FIG. 28 illustrates an embodiment similar to the embodiment of the invention illustrated by FIG. 16. However, the embodiment shown in FIG. 28, the distal end of the vertical insert piece has lateral segments or wings [0080] 309,311. Male fastener 313,315 are located at or near the lateral ends of each of the wings 309,311.
  • In the diaper shown in FIG. 29, one wing has a male fastener as in FIG. 20 and the opposed lateral wing [0081] 211 has a female fastener 220. In addition, a female fastener 227,229 are attached each on the back of each wing (the side away from the skin of the wearer).
  • In the diaper shown in FIG. 34, female fasteners [0082] 227,229 are attached to the back surface of the diaper wings 209,211. The tape tabs 215,217 and 219 differ from the tape tabs shown in FIGS. 6-9 in that the permanent portion 219B is eliminated in order to reduce the cost of the product (see FIG. 35, a sectional view taken along its line 35-35 of FIG. 34).
  • In order to facilitate manufacturing and packaging the diaper, and as shown in FIG. 36, each of the lateral segments or wing [0083] 209,211 is folded upon itself toward the center of the chassis. The facing surfaces of each wing may be attached removably by a suitable adhesive, ultrasonically or by some other attachment means as indicated by dotted circles C1, C2, C3 and C4. As it can be seen from FIG. 36, each wing 209,211 also cover the insert cover sheet and is similarly attached as shown by the dotted circles C5, C6, C7 and C8. After unpacking, and in order to use the diaper, the finger lift portion 209A, 211A on each wing may be gripped between the thumb and the forefinger and the wing is lifted to an open position.
  • While in FIG. 36 each wing is shown folded once upon itself, as a practical matter, each wing may be folded more than once, if desired. [0084]
  • FIG. 37 shows the composition of the chassis beneath the wings [0085] 209,211 comprising a layer of nonwoven (insert coversheet) 214 and a film backing (insert backsheet) 216.
  • In order to further enhance the functions of and the fitness-to-wear the diaper, attention should be focused on certain relative dimensions and locations of the diaper parts as well as several other features. These dimensions, locations and features are best appreciated by reference to FIG. 38. Both landing zones [0086] 427 and 429 are perforated in order to facilitate breathability of the diaper. Additionally, each wing segment is made of a material, such as nonwoven, that is permeable to moisture, vapor and oxygen. The length of each landing zone is preferably equal or less than the length of the respective lateral segment on which the landing zone is located. Additionally, the width of one of the landing zones is about equal or greater than the width of the other landing zone. The landing zone on the left and right lateral segments are conveniently made at least 1 inch wide and at least about 1 inch long. Additional dimensional considerations of the landing zones play significant role in the design of a functionally effective and desirable diaper. For example, the landing zone 427 on the left lateral segment is about 8 to about 15 inches wide and about 1 to about 7 inches long and the landing zone 427 on the right lateral segment is about 10 to about 20 inches wide and about 1 to about 7 inches long. The distance U between the outer edge of the left landing zone and the outer edge of the left lateral segment is about 6 to about 11 inches long, and the distance V between the outer edge of the right landing zone and the outer edge of the right segment is from 0 to about 13 inches.
  • Each of the landing zones may comprise a visible indicator zone which may be in the general form of a band of about 1 to about 7 inches long generally centrally disposed on the landing zone. Each of the tape tabs can be adhered to said band in the correct diaper processing (wearing) order. [0087]
  • The aforementioned diapering order described herein is by way of suggestion and not intended to limit the manner which the diaper may be applied to or worn by a person. Otherwise, obvious procedures are suggested to one skilled in the art by slight and obvious modifications which are nevertheless within the scope of the present invention. [0088]
  • Referring again to FIGS. 38 and 39, the diaper also comprises an insert [0089] 413 as well as side cuffs 414, front waist cuffs 416, back waist cuffs 418 and elastic waists 420,421. The construction, dimensions and relative location of these components are also important consideration in the design of a functionally effective diaper. The construction of these cuffs may be the same as conventional cuffs of the prior art diaper, but preferably these barrier cuffs are made of a layer of nonwoven similar to the diaper coversheet or a composite made from a nonwoven and a polyethylene film.
  • For increased fitness of the diaper, it is desirable that the center of the waistband bear a defined relationship to the center of the tape tabs. Thus, optimum fitness can be achieved when a line drawn through the center of the waistband coincides with the line drawn through the center of each tape tab [0090] 415 or 417, or when the distance between these center lines is between about 0 and 3 inches.
  • The length E of the absorbent core [0091] 412 is preferably about 30 to 80 percent of the overall width B of the diaper, with the absorbent core 412 being located about 1.5 inches from the front edge 413A of insert 413. Also, the front insert width A′ is equal to or greater than the width A″ of the back insert, and the front insert width A′ is equal to or less than the overall width B of the diaper.
  • In order to make the diaper user friendly each of the two tape tabs [0092] 415,417 attached to the insert 413 has a numerical indicia such a the number 2 on the left side and the number 3 on the right side, or vice versa. In addition, the tapes on the ear segment and the tapes on the insert are also provided with numerical indicia such as the number 1. These digits indicate and facilitate the diapering process. More than one of each indicia may be printed on each tab to assure that at least one indicia on each tab remains visible during the application of the diaper.
  • Regarding the width of the diaper, it is preferable that the relaxed width of the diaper (in its normal unstretched position) be between about 20 to about 100 percent of the width B of the diaper in its fully stretched position. This assures tight fit of the diaper to the torso of the wearer. [0093]
  • The dimensions of the second portion of the diaper are also significant design considerations. Thus, the second portion has a front width A′ which is at least about 10 inches, preferably about 15 to about 25 inches, and the width A′ is equal or less than the width A″ of the back of said second portion. Moreover, the length A of the second portion is about equal or less than the overall width B of the chassis. [0094]
  • Each of the lateral segments of the absorbent article is desirably from about 2 to about 15 inches long and from about 10 to about 30 inches wide. [0095]
  • The width A′ of the insert [0096] 413 is from about 8 to about 40 percent of said width when fully stretched and the relaxed width A of said second portion is from about 10 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  • The materials used for making the diaper are generally well known in the art and are described in the aforementioned parent applications and the prior art patents cited therein. In this connection, the length E of the absorbent core or layer is about 20 to about 40 inches and contains up to about 60 weight percent superabsorbent polymer (SAP) and up to about 40 weight percent by weight of hydrophilic fibers of the type known and described in the prior art. [0097]
  • Additional design modifications further enhance the effective use of the diaper. Thus, referring to FIG. 29, when wearing the diaper, tape tab [0098] 219 may be fastened to the tape tab 215, and tape tab 220 may be fastened to tape tab 217. Also, while FIG. 28 shows that the diaper is provided with front wings or segments 209,211, if desired, the diaper may be provided with rear segments as well (not shown). Additionally, and referring to FIGS. 25, 26 and 27, while the diaper is shown with one elastic zone, it may be provided with more than one elastic zone, preferably three elastic zones. Furthermore, referring to FIG. 35, the crotch cuffs may be folded inwardly or outwardly and secured together by a suitable adhesive, approximately 2 inches from each corner.
  • The foregoing description of the relative dimensions and other features of the diaper are significant in the manufacture of a commercially acceptable and functionally effective diaper. Other changes and modifications become obvious from the description herein. [0099]

Claims (132)

  1. 1. A disposable absorbent article having a chassis comprising two portions which together define a generally T-shaped configuration when said chassis is viewed in stretched position; a first portion having opposed lateral segments adapted to be wrapped around the waist of a wearer of said article, a second portion having a distal end and a proximal end disposed generally vertically relative to said first portion and adapted to be passed under the crotch of the wearer and folded upwardly and over said overlapped portions;
    one male fastening means on one of said lateral segments, and at least one female fastening means on said other lateral segment, such that when said lateral segments overlap each other said male fastening means engages said female fastening means;
    a pair of opposed spaced apart male fastening means at the distal end of said second portion, and a pair of spaced apart opposed female fastening means at said first portion such that when said lateral segments are wrapped around the waist of a wearer and said second portion is folded over said segments, each of said pair of male fastening means engage a correspondingly aligned one of said pair of female fastening means,
    wherein said absorbent article has a relaxed width (B) between about 20 to about 100 percent of the width of said absorbent article when fully stretched.
  2. 2. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein said second portion has a top surface and a rear surface and wherein said fastening means at the distal end of said second portion are located on the top surface thereof.
  3. 3. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    or
    2
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises at least one landing zone made of a material that is permeable to moisture, vapor and oxygen.
  4. 4. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    or
    2
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises a perforated landing zone.
  5. 5. An absorbent article as in
    claim 3
    or
    4
    wherein the length of each of said landing zones is equal to or less than the length of the respective lateral segment on which said landing zone is located.
  6. 6. An absorbent article as in
    claim 3
    or
    4
    wherein the width of one of said landing zones is equal to or greater than the width of the other landing zone.
  7. 7. An absorbent article as in
    claim 3
    wherein said opposed lateral segments comprise a left segment and a right segment, and wherein the landing zone on said left and right segments have widths at least about 1 inch and lengths of at least 1 inch.
  8. 8. An absorbent article as in
    claim 4
    wherein said opposed lateral segments comprise a left segment and a right segment, and wherein the landing zone on said left segment has width of from about 8 to about 15 inches and a length of about 1 to about 7 inches, and wherein the landing zone on said right segment has a width of from about 10 to about 20 inches and a length of from about 1 to about 7 inches.
  9. 9. An absorbent article as in
    claim 7
    wherein the width of the left landing zone is about 8.25 inches to about 15 inches and the distance between the outer edge of said left landing zone and left ear segment is about 6 to about 11 inches, and the distance between the outer edge of said right landing zone and the outer edge of said right segment is from about 0 to about 13 inches.
  10. 10. An absorbent article as in
    claim 8
    wherein the width of the left landing zone is about 8.25 inches to about 15 inches and the distance between the outer edge of said left landing zone and left ear segment is about 6 to about 11 inches, and the distance between the outer edge of said right landing zone and the outer edge of said right segment is from about 0 to about 13 inches.
  11. 11. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 3
    further including elastic waistband wherein said elastic waistband has a centerline which coincides with a line drawn through the center of said landing zone.
  12. 12. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 4
    further including elastic waistband wherein said elastic waistband has a centerline which coincides with a line drawn through the center of said landing zone.
  13. 13. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 11
    wherein the distance between the line drawn between the center line of each of said landing zone and the line drawn through the center of said elastic waistband is about 0 to about 3 inches.
  14. 14. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 12
    wherein the distance between the line drawn between the center line of each of said landing zone and the line drawn through the center of said elastic waist band is about 0 to about 3 inches.
  15. 15. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tabs on the insert being provided with the numerals 2 and 3, thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  16. 16. An absorbent article as in
    claim 2
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  17. 17. An absorbent article as in
    claim 3
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  18. 18. An absorbent article as in
    claim 4
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  19. 19. An absorbent article as in
    claim 5
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  20. 20. An absorbent article as in
    claim 6
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  21. 21. An absorbent article as in
    claim 7
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  22. 22. An absorbent article as in
    claim 8
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  23. 23. An absorbent article as in
    claim 9
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  24. 24. An absorbent article as in
    claim 10
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  25. 25. An absorbent article as in
    claim 11
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  26. 26. An absorbent article as in
    claim 12
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  27. 27. An absorbent article as in
    claim 13
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  28. 28. An absorbent article as in
    claim 14
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  29. 29. An absorbent article as in
    claim 3
    ,
    4
    , 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 or 28 wherein each of said landing zones comprises a visible indicator zone in the general form of a band of about 1 to about 7 inches in length generally centrally disposed on said landing zone such that each of said male tape tabs can be adhered to said band in the numerical order designated on each of said tabs for the order of wearing said article.
  30. 30. An absorbent article as in
    claim 29
    wherein said visible indicator zone contains a pigment.
  31. 31. An absorbent article as in
    claim 30
    wherein said pigment is photo, infrared or ultraviolet light sensitive.
  32. 32. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein said second portion is generally contoured and comprises a coversheet, a backsheet and an absorbent core layer disposed between said coversheet and said backsheet, wherein said second portion has a front width A′ of from about 16 to about 25 inches, and said absorbent core layer having a length E of from about 20 to about 40 inches and contains up to about 60 percent by weight superabsorbent polymer (SAP) and up to 40 percent by weight hydrophilic fibers.
  33. 33. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein the front width A′ of said second portion is about equal to or less than the width A″ of the back width.
  34. 34. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein the width A′ of said second portion is about equal or greater than 15 inches.
  35. 35. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein the length A of said second portion is about equal to or less than the overall width B of said chassis.
  36. 36. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein each of the lateral segments of said first portion is from about 2 to about 15 inches long and from about 10 to about 30 inches wide.
  37. 37. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    further comprising waist cuffs and sides barrier cuff.
  38. 38. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein the width A′ of said insert is from about 20 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  39. 39. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein the relaxed width A of said second portion is from about 10 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  40. 40. An elasticated absorbent article having a chassis comprising two portions which together define a generally T-shaped configuration when said chassis is viewed in stretched position; a first portion having a female surface, and a second portion disposed generally vertically relative to said first portion and adapted to be passed under the crotch of the wearer and folded upwardly and over said first portion.
    said first portion having opposed lateral segments adapted to be wrapped around the torso of the wearer,
    at least one male fastening means on one of said lateral segments,
    at least one male fastening means at the distal end of said second portion,
    such that when said lateral segments are in overlapped position and said second portion is folded over said overlapped portions, said male fastening means engages said female surface of said first portion,
    wherein said absorbent article has a relaxed width (B) between 20 to about 100 percent of the width of said absorbent article when fully stretched.
  41. 41. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein said second portion has a top surface and a rear surface and wherein said fastening means at the distal end of said second portion are located on the top surface thereof.
  42. 42. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    or
    41
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises at least one landing zone made of a material that is permeable to moisture, vapor and oxygen.
  43. 43. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    or
    41
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises a perforated landing zone.
  44. 44. An absorbent article as in
    claim 42
    or
    43
    wherein the length of each of said landing zones is equal to or less than the length of the respective lateral segment on which said landing zone is located.
  45. 45. An absorbent article as in
    claim 42
    or
    43
    wherein the width of one of said landing zones is equal to or greater than the width of the other landing zone.
  46. 46. An absorbent article as in
    claim 42
    wherein said opposed lateral segments comprise a left segment and a right segment, and wherein the landing zone on said left and right segments have widths at least about 1 inch and lengths of at least 1 inch.
  47. 47. An absorbent article as in
    claim 43
    wherein said opposed lateral segments comprise a left segment and a right segment, and wherein the landing zone on said left segment has width of from about 8 to about 15 inches and a length of about 1 to about 7 inches, and wherein the landing zone on said right segment has a width of from about 10 to about 20 inches and a length of from about 1 to about 7 inches.
  48. 48. An absorbent article as in
    claim 46
    wherein the width of the left landing zone is about 8.25 inches to about 15 inches and the distance between the outer edge of said left landing zone and left ear segment is about 6 to about 11 inches, and the distance between the outer edge of said right landing zone and the outer edge of said right segment is from about 0 to about 13 inches.
  49. 49. An absorbent article as in
    claim 47
    wherein the width of the left landing zone is about 8.25 inches to about 15 inches and the distance between the outer edge of said left landing zone and left ear segment is about 6 to about 11 inches, and the distance between the outer edge of said right landing zone and the outer edge of said right segment is from about 0 to about 13 inches.
  50. 50. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 42
    further including elastic waistband wherein said elastic waistband has a centerline which coincides with a line drawn through the center of said landing zone.
  51. 51. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 43
    further including elastic waistband wherein said elastic waistband has a centerline which coincides with a line drawn through the center of said landing zone.
  52. 52. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 50
    wherein the distance between the line drawn between the center line of each of said landing zone and the line drawn through the center of said elastic waistband is about 0 to about 3 inches.
  53. 53. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 51
    wherein the distance between the line drawn between the center line of each of said landing zone and the line drawn through the center of said elastic waist band is about 0 to about 3 inches.
  54. 54. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein each of said tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tabs on the insert being provided with the numerals 2 and 3, thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  55. 55. An absorbent article as in
    claim 41
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  56. 56. An absorbent article as in
    claim 42
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  57. 57. An absorbent article as in
    claim 43
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  58. 58. An absorbent article as in
    claim 44
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  59. 59. An absorbent article as in
    claim 45
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  60. 60. An absorbent article as in
    claim 46
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article
  61. 61. An absorbent article as in
    claim 47
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article
  62. 62. An absorbent article as in
    claim 48
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  63. 63. An absorbent article as in
    claim 49
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  64. 64. An absorbent article as in
    claim 50
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article
  65. 65. An absorbent article as in
    claim 51
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  66. 66. An absorbent article as in
    claim 52
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  67. 67. An absorbent article as in
    claim 53
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article
  68. 68. An absorbent article as in
    claim 42
    ,
    43
    , 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 or 67 wherein each of said landing zones comprises a visible indicator zone in the general form of a band of about 1 to about 7 inches in length generally centrally disposed on said landing zone such that each of said male tape tabs can be adhered to said band in the numerical order designated on each of said tabs for the order of wearing said article.
  69. 69. An absorbent article as in
    claim 68
    wherein said visible indicator zone contains a pigment.
  70. 70. An absorbent article as in
    claim 69
    wherein said pigment is photo, infrared or ultraviolet light sensitive.
  71. 71. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein said second portion is generally contoured and comprises a coversheet, a backsheet and an absorbent core layer disposed between said coversheet and said backsheet, wherein said second portion has a front width A′ of from about 16 to about 25 inches, and said absorbent core layer having a length E of from about 20 to about 40 inches and contains up to about 60 percent by weight superabsorbent polymer (SAP) and up to 40 percent by weight hydrophilic fibers.
  72. 72. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein the front width A′ of said second portion is about equal to or less than the width A″ of the back width.
  73. 73. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein the width A′ of said second portion is about equal or greater than 15 inches.
  74. 74. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein the length A of said second portion is about equal to or less than the overall width B of said chassis.
  75. 75. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein each of the lateral segments of said first portion is from about 2 to about 15 inches long and from about 10 to about 30 inches wide.
  76. 76. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    further comprising waist cuffs and sides barrier cuff.
  77. 77. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein the width A′ of said insert is from about 20 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  78. 78. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein the relaxed width A of said second portion is from about 10 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  79. 79. An elasticated absorbent article having a chassis comprising two portions, a first waist portion and a second insert portion which together define a generally T-shaped configuration when said chassis is viewed in stretched position; said first waist portion having opposed lateral segments adapted to be wrapped around the waist of a wearer of said article, said second portion having a distal end having at least one tape tab, and a proximal end, disposed generally vertically relative to said first waist portion and adapted to be passed under the crotch of the wearer and folded upwardly and over said waist portion such that the tape tab at the distal end of said second portion is adhered to one of said lateral segments;
    said chassis further comprising a tape tab disposed near the end of one of said lateral segments, said tape tab having a first portion for fastening said tape tab to said lateral segment, and a second portion permanently attached to a surface of said lateral segment away from the skin of the wearer of said diaper, said first portion having a top adhesive-covered surface and an opposed bottom backing sheet; a release tape having a top surface coated with a release compound and an opposed bottom adhesive surface wherein a portion of said release tape is attached to said first portion of said tape tab, and another portion of said release is adhered to a lateral segment of said diaper,
    wherein said absorbent article has a relaxed width (B) between about 20 to about 90 percent of the width of said absorbent article when fully stretched.
  80. 80. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein said second portion has a top surface and a rear surface and wherein said fastening means at the distal end of said second portion are located on the top surface thereof.
  81. 81. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    or
    80
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises at least one landing zone made of a material that is permeable to moisture, vapor and oxygen.
  82. 82. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    or
    80
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises a perforated landing zone.
  83. 83. An absorbent article as in
    claim 81
    or
    82
    wherein the length of each of said landing zones is equal to or less than the length of the respective lateral segment on which said landing zone is located.
  84. 84. An absorbent article as in
    claim 81
    or
    82
    wherein the width of one of said landing zones is equal to or greater than the width of the other landing zone.
  85. 85. An absorbent article as in
    claim 81
    wherein said opposed lateral segments comprise a left segment and a right segment, and wherein the landing zone on said left and right segments have widths at least about 1 inch and lengths of at least 1 inch.
  86. 86. An absorbent article as in
    claim 4
    wherein said opposed lateral segments comprise a left segment and a right segment, and wherein the landing zone on said left segment has width of from about 8 to about 15 inches and a length of about 1 to about 7 inches, and wherein the landing zone on said right segment has a width of from about 10 to about 20 inches and a length of from about 1 to about 7 inches.
  87. 87. An absorbent article as in
    claim 85
    wherein the width of the left landing zone is about 8.25 inches to about 15 inches and the distance between the outer edge of said left landing zone and left ear segment is about 6 to about 11 inches, and the distance between the outer edge of said right landing zone and the outer edge of said right segment is from about 0 to about 13 inches.
  88. 88. An absorbent article as in
    claim 86
    wherein the width of the left landing zone is about 8.25 inches to about 15 inches and the distance between the outer edge of said left landing zone and left ear segment is about 6 to about 11 inches, and the distance between the outer edge of said right landing zone and the outer edge of said right segment is from about 0 to about 13 inches.
  89. 89. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 81
    further including elastic waistband wherein said elastic waistband has a centerline which coincides with a line drawn through the center of said landing zone.
  90. 90. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 82
    further including elastic waistband wherein said elastic waistband has a centerline which coincides with a line drawn through the center of said landing zone.
  91. 91. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 89
    wherein the distance between the line drawn between the center line of each of said landing zone and the line drawn through the center of said elastic waistband is about 0 to about 3 inches.
  92. 92. An elastic absorbent article as in
    claim 90
    wherein the distance between the line drawn between the center line of each of said landing zone and the line drawn through the center of said elastic waist band is about 0 to about 3 inches.
  93. 93. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tabs on the insert being provided with the numerals 2 and 3, thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  94. 94. An absorbent article as in
    claim 80
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article
  95. 95. An absorbent article as in
    claim 81
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article
  96. 96. An absorbent article as in
    claim 82
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  97. 97. An absorbent article as in
    claim 83
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  98. 98. An absorbent article as in
    claim 84
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  99. 99. An absorbent article as in
    claim 85
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  100. 100. An absorbent article as in
    claim 86
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  101. 101. An absorbent article as in
    claim 87
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  102. 102. An absorbent article as in
    claim 88
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  103. 103. An absorbent article as in
    claim 89
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  104. 104. An absorbent article as in
    claim 90
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  105. 105. An absorbent article as in
    claim 91
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  106. 106. An absorbent article as in
    claim 92
    wherein each of said male tape tabs is provided with at least one numerical indicia, with the tape tab on one of the lateral segments being provided with the numeral 1, and the tape tab on the insert are provided with the numeral 2 or 3 thereby defining the order of wearing the article.
  107. 107. An absorbent article as in
    claim 81
    ,
    82
    , 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106 or 107 wherein each of said landing zones comprises a visible indicator zone in the general form of a band of about 1 to about 7 inches in length generally centrally disposed on said landing zone such that each of said male tape tabs can be adhered to said band in the numerical order designated on each of said tabs for the order of wearing said article.
  108. 108. An absorbent article as in
    claim 107
    wherein said visible indicator zone contains a pigment.
  109. 109. An absorbent article as in
    claim 108
    wherein said pigment is photo, infrared or ultraviolet light sensitive.
  110. 110. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein said second portion is generally contoured and comprises a coversheet, a backsheet and an absorbent core layer disposed between said coversheet and said backsheet, wherein said second portion has a front width A′ of from about 16 to about 25 inches, and said absorbent core layer having a length E of from about 20 to about 40 inches and contains up to about 60 percent by weight superabsorbent polymer (SAP) and up to 40 percent by weight hydrophilic fibers.
  111. 111. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein the front width A′ of said second portion is about equal to or less than the width A″ of the back width.
  112. 112. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein the width A′ of said second portion is about equal or greater than 15 inches.
  113. 113. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein the length A of said second portion is about equal to or less than the overall width B of said chassis.
  114. 114. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein each of the lateral segments of said first portion is from about 2 to about 15 inches long and from about 10 to about 30 inches wide.
  115. 115. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    further comprising waist cuffs and sides barrier cuff.
  116. 116. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein the width A′ of said insert is from about 20 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  117. 117. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein the relaxed width A of said second portion is from about 10 to about 100 percent of said width when fully stretched.
  118. 118. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein each tape tab located at the end of said lateral segments is fastened to the tape tab at the distal end of said second portion located at the same side as said tape tab on the lateral segment.
  119. 119. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein said first portion comprises a pair of opposed lateral segments on the front and rear of said first portion.
  120. 120. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises at least three elastic zones.
  121. 121. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein said article comprises inwardly folded crotch cuffs secured together adhesively.
  122. 122. An absorbent article as in
    claim 1
    wherein said article comprises outwardly folded crotch cuffs secured together adhesively.
  123. 123. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein each tape tab located at the end of said lateral segments is fastened to the tape tab at the distal end of said second portion located at the same side as said tape tab on the lateral segment.
  124. 124. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein said first portion comprises a pair of opposed lateral segments on the front and rear of said first portion.
  125. 125. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises at least three elastic zones.
  126. 126. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein said article comprises inwardly folded crotch cuffs secured together adhesively.
  127. 127. An absorbent article as in
    claim 40
    wherein said article comprises outwardly folded crotch cuffs secured together adhesively.
  128. 128. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein each tape tab located at the end of said lateral segments is fastened to the tape tab at the distal end of said second portion located at the same side as said tape tab on the lateral segment.
  129. 129. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein said first portion comprises a pair of opposed lateral segments on the front and rear of said first portion.
  130. 130. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein each of said lateral segments comprises at least three elastic zones.
  131. 131. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein said article comprises inwardly folded crotch cuffs secured together adhesively.
  132. 132. An absorbent article as in
    claim 79
    wherein said article comprises outwardly folded crotch cuffs secured together adhesively.
US09844726 1998-06-12 2001-04-27 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system Abandoned US20010041879A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09797334 US20010023341A1 (en) 1998-06-12 2001-03-01 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system
US09844726 US20010041879A1 (en) 2001-03-01 2001-04-27 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system

Applications Claiming Priority (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09844726 US20010041879A1 (en) 2001-03-01 2001-04-27 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system
US09965381 US6752796B2 (en) 1999-02-10 2001-09-27 Disposable pant type absorbent article
EP20020004321 EP1236456A3 (en) 2001-03-01 2002-02-28 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system
CA 2374157 CA2374157A1 (en) 2001-03-01 2002-03-01 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system
US10266420 US20030078558A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2002-10-08 Disposable pant type absorbent article with improved fasteners and method of making same
US10329889 US20030144645A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2002-12-26 Disposable pant type absorbent article having improved multifold fastening system
US10346607 US20030176846A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2003-01-17 Disposable pant type absorbent article having improved multifold fastening system
US10442913 US20040006327A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2003-05-21 Disposable pant type absorbent article having improved multifold fastening system and method of making same
US10442862 US20040073187A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2003-05-21 Disposable pant type absorbent article having improved multifold fastening system and method of making same
US10646937 US7621901B2 (en) 1999-02-10 2003-08-22 Disposable pant type absorbent article having improved multifold fastening system and method of making same
US10872652 US20040243092A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2004-06-21 Disposable pant type absorbent article
US10470625 US7438709B2 (en) 1998-09-08 2005-03-22 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09797334 Continuation-In-Part US20010023341A1 (en) 1998-06-12 2001-03-01 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system

Related Child Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US24762999 Continuation-In-Part 1999-02-10 1999-02-10
US09965381 Continuation-In-Part US6752796B2 (en) 1999-02-10 2001-09-27 Disposable pant type absorbent article
US10470625 Continuation US7438709B2 (en) 1998-06-12 2005-03-22 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20010041879A1 true true US20010041879A1 (en) 2001-11-15

Family

ID=27121862

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09844726 Abandoned US20010041879A1 (en) 1998-06-12 2001-04-27 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system
US10470625 Expired - Lifetime US7438709B2 (en) 1998-06-12 2005-03-22 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10470625 Expired - Lifetime US7438709B2 (en) 1998-06-12 2005-03-22 Absorbent articles having improved fastening system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (2) US20010041879A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1236456A3 (en)
CA (1) CA2374157A1 (en)

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030018316A1 (en) * 2001-07-17 2003-01-23 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article
US20030125693A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-03 Kent Hermansson Absorbent article
US20030125690A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-03 Kent Hermansson Absorbent article
US20030125692A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-03 Kent Hermansson Absorbent article
WO2004069121A1 (en) * 2002-12-30 2004-08-19 Shunia Rosental Means for quick and correct positioning and fastening of a diaper
US20050177124A1 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-08-11 Masahiro Kondo Pant-type disposable garment
US20070213680A1 (en) * 2003-12-19 2007-09-13 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article for use with an application aid
US20070287982A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-13 Richard Worthington Lodge Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring systems
US20070287981A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a multifunctional containment member
US20080004589A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2008-01-03 Roe Donald C Absorbent article having an anchored core assembly
EP2032110A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2009-03-11 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment
US20090157028A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2009-06-18 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment and method for making and testing
US20090240225A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2009-09-24 Uni-Charm Corporation Absorbent article
US20090292266A1 (en) * 2006-07-13 2009-11-26 Sca Hygience Products Ab Seam joining together at least two web materials
US20100069875A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2010-03-18 Min Yao Diapers Having a Zoned Non-Attachable Back Sheet and Methods of Manufacturing Same
US20120157954A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-06-21 Gregory Ashton Disposable absorbent pant with efficient belted design and adjustable size manufacturability
US8506544B2 (en) 2010-06-21 2013-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent pant with efficient design and convenient single-section side stretch panels
US8585672B2 (en) * 2007-02-28 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having deployable belt ears
EP2689760A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2014-01-29 Ontex BVBA Absorbent article
US8668679B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-03-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8790325B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-07-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8852161B2 (en) 2006-06-21 2014-10-07 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment
US8858523B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8945079B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-02-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US9056031B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-06-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US9060900B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-06-23 The Proctor & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
KR101817048B1 (en) 2010-08-09 2018-01-09 나이키 이노베이트 씨.브이. Monitoring fitness using a mobile device
WO2018047065A1 (en) * 2016-09-06 2018-03-15 Associated Hygienic Products Absorbent article with adjustable closure
US10086232B2 (en) 2017-12-20 2018-10-02 Nike, Inc. Monitoring fitness using a mobile device

Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060069377A1 (en) * 2004-09-28 2006-03-30 Mickey Calvert Diaper ear manufacturing process
US8241263B2 (en) 2005-08-26 2012-08-14 Medline Industries, Inc. Absorbent article
US8182458B2 (en) 2006-10-04 2012-05-22 First Quality Products, Inc. Fastener with adhesive blocker
US20080114322A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-05-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Body panel for an adjustable pant-like disposable undergarment and the undergarment itself
US8858524B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2014-10-14 First Quality Products, Inc. Skin friendly diaper
US8303565B2 (en) * 2009-04-27 2012-11-06 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Waist belt for an absorbent article with visual aids
DE102009049463A1 (en) * 2009-10-15 2011-04-21 Paul Hartmann Ag Fixing and carrying device for a disposable absorbent incontinence pad
US20120283687A1 (en) * 2010-02-03 2012-11-08 Hirofumi Miyake Diaper cover
CA2815196A1 (en) 2010-10-19 2012-04-26 Daniel B. Love Absorbent articles and methods of manufacturing the same
WO2012154659A1 (en) 2011-05-06 2012-11-15 Avery Dennison Corporation Fastening tag for disposable absorbent article
USD716938S1 (en) 2011-10-19 2014-11-04 Medline Industries, Inc. Absorbent core
US9713558B2 (en) 2012-11-16 2017-07-25 3M Innovative Properties Company Absorbent article including laminate and method of making the same
US9486368B2 (en) 2013-12-05 2016-11-08 Medline Industries, Inc. Disposable hygienic article with means for diagnostic testing
US9375367B2 (en) 2014-02-28 2016-06-28 Medline Industries, Inc. Fastener for an absorbent article
US9622922B2 (en) 2014-04-21 2017-04-18 Medline Industries, Inc. Stretch breathable protective absorbent article using bilaminate

Family Cites Families (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2493113A (en) * 1949-02-11 1950-01-03 Dance Barbara Gelimann Diaper construction
FR2298283B1 (en) * 1975-01-24 1979-09-28 Aaron Rene Ets
US4662875B1 (en) * 1985-11-27 1989-04-18
US5279604A (en) * 1987-12-17 1994-01-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Mechanical fastening systems with disposal means for disposable absorbent articles
GB8912311D0 (en) * 1989-01-06 1989-07-12 Knight Jackilyn M Absorbent garment
CN1024746C (en) * 1989-12-20 1994-06-01 李清祈 Cooking vessel with heat-energy regulating function
CA2023043A1 (en) * 1990-04-02 1991-10-03 Anne M. Fahrenkrug Diaper having disposable chassis assembly and reusable elasticized belt removably retained by said chassis assembly
CA2019457C (en) * 1990-04-02 2001-03-20 Anne Marie Fahrenkrug Stretchable shaped absorbent garment
CA2053106A1 (en) * 1991-08-08 1993-02-09 Mary A. Bruemmer Disposable diaper enabling standing application with childproof fastening
US5368585A (en) * 1992-04-07 1994-11-29 Dokken; Glenda K. Reusable diaper and cover combination
DE69401653D1 (en) * 1993-05-12 1997-03-13 Moelnlycke Ab Fastening means for belts
WO1995019753A1 (en) * 1994-01-19 1995-07-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Convertible belted diaper
CA2166008A1 (en) * 1995-12-18 1997-06-19 Daniel Richard Laux Absorbent article with improved elastic margins and containment system
JP3434663B2 (en) * 1996-02-27 2003-08-11 ワイケイケイ株式会社 Fastener YoHara material for disposable diapers
US5897545A (en) * 1996-04-02 1999-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastomeric side panel for use with convertible absorbent articles
US6306121B1 (en) * 1998-06-12 2001-10-23 First Quality Enterprises, Inc. Disposable elastic absorbent article having triple member closure
EP1077054A3 (en) * 1999-08-18 2001-10-31 First Quality Enterprises, Inc. Absorbent article
JP2002000631A (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-08 Uni Charm Corp Disposable diaper

Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030018316A1 (en) * 2001-07-17 2003-01-23 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article
US20030125693A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-03 Kent Hermansson Absorbent article
US20030125690A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-03 Kent Hermansson Absorbent article
US20030125692A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-03 Kent Hermansson Absorbent article
US7799007B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2010-09-21 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article with two-piece construction and method of making the same
US7797810B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2010-09-21 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Method of manufacturing absorbent article
US20090083961A1 (en) * 2001-12-28 2009-04-02 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article
US7662138B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2010-02-16 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article
US7481802B2 (en) * 2001-12-28 2009-01-27 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article
WO2004069121A1 (en) * 2002-12-30 2004-08-19 Shunia Rosental Means for quick and correct positioning and fastening of a diaper
US8029490B2 (en) * 2003-12-19 2011-10-04 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article for use with an application aid
US20070213680A1 (en) * 2003-12-19 2007-09-13 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent article for use with an application aid
US7322967B2 (en) * 2004-02-10 2008-01-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Pant-type disposable garment
US20050177124A1 (en) * 2004-02-10 2005-08-11 Masahiro Kondo Pant-type disposable garment
US20090240225A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2009-09-24 Uni-Charm Corporation Absorbent article
US20070287981A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a multifunctional containment member
US8235963B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2012-08-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring systems
US8907156B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2014-12-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a multifunctional containment member
US20080015537A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2008-01-17 Lodge Richard W Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring systems
US20070287982A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-12-13 Richard Worthington Lodge Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring systems
US8383878B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2013-02-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a multifunctional containment member
US8343126B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2013-01-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having an anchored core assembly
US8777917B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2014-07-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having an anchored core assembly
US20080004589A1 (en) * 2006-06-07 2008-01-03 Roe Donald C Absorbent article having an anchored core assembly
US8852161B2 (en) 2006-06-21 2014-10-07 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment
EP2032110A4 (en) * 2006-06-21 2011-04-06 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Belted absorbent garment
EP2032110A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2009-03-11 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment
US8057457B2 (en) * 2006-06-21 2011-11-15 Sca Hygience Products Ab Belted absorbent garment
US20100217218A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2010-08-26 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment
US20090292266A1 (en) * 2006-07-13 2009-11-26 Sca Hygience Products Ab Seam joining together at least two web materials
US8197458B2 (en) 2006-07-13 2012-06-12 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Seam joining together at least two web materials
EP2073772A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2009-07-01 SCA Hygiene Products AB Belted absorbent garment and method
EP2073772A4 (en) * 2006-09-25 2011-08-31 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Belted absorbent garment and method
US20090157028A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2009-06-18 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Belted absorbent garment and method for making and testing
US8585672B2 (en) * 2007-02-28 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having deployable belt ears
US8858523B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8790325B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-07-29 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US9056031B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-06-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US9060900B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-06-23 The Proctor & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8668679B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2014-03-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US8945079B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2015-02-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with anchoring subsystems
US20100069875A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2010-03-18 Min Yao Diapers Having a Zoned Non-Attachable Back Sheet and Methods of Manufacturing Same
US20110166542A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2011-07-07 Medline Industries, Inc. Diapers Having A Zoned Non-Attachable Back Sheet And Methods Of Manufacturing Same
US7931638B2 (en) 2008-09-18 2011-04-26 Medline Industries, Inc. Diapers having a zoned non-attachable back sheet and methods of manufacturing same
US9615979B2 (en) 2008-09-18 2017-04-11 Medline Industries, Inc. Diapers having a zoned non-attachable back sheet and methods of manufacturing same
US8603061B2 (en) 2008-09-18 2013-12-10 Medline Industries, Inc. Diapers having a zoned non-attachable back sheet and methods of manufacturing same
US9375368B2 (en) 2008-09-18 2016-06-28 Medline Industries, Inc. Diapers having a zoned non-attachable back sheet and methods of manufacturing same
US8506544B2 (en) 2010-06-21 2013-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent pant with efficient design and convenient single-section side stretch panels
US10035042B2 (en) 2010-08-09 2018-07-31 Nike, Inc. Monitoring fitness using a mobile device
KR101817048B1 (en) 2010-08-09 2018-01-09 나이키 이노베이트 씨.브이. Monitoring fitness using a mobile device
US9950212B2 (en) 2010-08-09 2018-04-24 Nike, Inc. Monitoring fitness using a mobile device
US20120157954A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-06-21 Gregory Ashton Disposable absorbent pant with efficient belted design and adjustable size manufacturability
EP2689760A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2014-01-29 Ontex BVBA Absorbent article
WO2018047065A1 (en) * 2016-09-06 2018-03-15 Associated Hygienic Products Absorbent article with adjustable closure
US10086232B2 (en) 2017-12-20 2018-10-02 Nike, Inc. Monitoring fitness using a mobile device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1236456A2 (en) 2002-09-04 application
US20050154366A1 (en) 2005-07-14 application
EP1236456A3 (en) 2004-02-04 application
US7438709B2 (en) 2008-10-21 grant
CA2374157A1 (en) 2002-09-01 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5397318A (en) Absorbent article having a pocket cuff
US6302871B1 (en) Disposable pull-on garment having improved disposal handling after soil
US6307120B1 (en) Cloth-like, breathable disposable absorbent brief with refastening means
US6258076B1 (en) Disposable absorbent article with waist barrier including skin-friendly adhesive
US7219403B2 (en) Fastening member comprising shaped tab
US6511465B1 (en) Absorbent article having a refastenable mechanism
US4597760A (en) Waste-containment garment having disposable elasticized insert
US6213991B1 (en) Absorbent article having fastener elements and gripping means
US6641568B2 (en) Disposable absorbent garment having improved appearance and sustained fit
US5830206A (en) Pants-type diaper or sanitary panty
US5108384A (en) Disposable absorbent article with combination mechanical and adhesive tape fastener system and having reserve adhesive tape for improved disposability
US5366453A (en) Newborn's growth adjustable absorbent diaper having variable overlapping and non-overlapping ears
US5944707A (en) Absorbent article having an adjustment system
US20020032427A1 (en) Disposable pull-on garment having improved tear open handling after soil
US6740071B2 (en) Absorbent garment tab having zones of different elasticity
EP0233704B1 (en) Disposable diaper having wide tapered fastening tapes
EP0532035A2 (en) Growth adjustable absorbent article
US6945968B2 (en) Fastening system for an absorbent product
US4923456A (en) Adjustable combination fastener for a disposable diaper
US20040006326A1 (en) Open-type disposable wearing article
EP0528282A2 (en) Disposable absorbent article
US20050143709A1 (en) Fastening device for fastening of absorbent articles
US20030130644A1 (en) Extendable hook fastening system
US4315508A (en) Self-centering multiple use garment suspension system
US6322552B1 (en) Absorbent articles having belt loops and an adjustable belt

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: FIRST QUALITY ENTERPRISES, PENNSYLVANIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KARAMI, HAMZEH;DAMAGHI, KAMBIZ;DAMAGHI, BABAK;REEL/FRAME:011768/0047;SIGNING DATES FROM 20010424 TO 20010425

AS Assignment

Owner name: FIRST QUALITY PRODUCTS, INC, PENNSYLVANIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FIRST QUALITY ENTERPRISES, INC;REEL/FRAME:014934/0904

Effective date: 20040128

AS Assignment

Owner name: FIRST QUALITY PRODUCTS, INC., PENNSYLVANIA

Free format text: CORRECTED COVER SHEET TO CORRECT THE STATE OF INCORPORATION FOR THE RECEIVING PARTY, PREVIOUSLY RECORDED AT REEL/FRAME 014934/0904 (ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNOR S INTEREST);ASSIGNOR:FIRST QUALITY ENTERPRISES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:016245/0729

Effective date: 20040128

AS Assignment

Owner name: CITIZENS BANK OF PENNSYLVANIA, PENNSYLVANIA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:FIRST QUALITY PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:017072/0144

Effective date: 20040629