US20010004781A1 - Electric toothbrush - Google Patents

Electric toothbrush Download PDF

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Publication number
US20010004781A1
US20010004781A1 US09766703 US76670301A US2001004781A1 US 20010004781 A1 US20010004781 A1 US 20010004781A1 US 09766703 US09766703 US 09766703 US 76670301 A US76670301 A US 76670301A US 2001004781 A1 US2001004781 A1 US 2001004781A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
portion
electric toothbrush
gear
end
head
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US09766703
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US6360395B2 (en )
Inventor
Lawrence Blaustein
John Nottingham
John Osher
John Spirk
Douglas Gall
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Church and Dwight Co Inc
Nottingham John R
Spirk John W
Original Assignee
Procter and Gamble Co
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/24Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like rotating continuously
    • A61C17/26Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like rotating continuously driven by electric motor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • A61C17/3409Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor characterized by the movement of the brush body
    • A61C17/3436Rotation around the axis perpendicular to the plane defined by the bristle holder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/16Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices
    • A61C17/22Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like
    • A61C17/32Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating
    • A61C17/34Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor
    • A61C17/349Power-driven cleaning or polishing devices with brushes, cushions, cups, or the like reciprocating or oscillating driven by electric motor with multiple brush bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/42Brushes
    • B29L2031/425Toothbrush

Abstract

An electric toothbrush comprising an elongated body portion and a head including a static portion and a circular portion, a handle, and an angled shaft between the head and the handle. The circular portion rotates or reciprocates about an axis normal to a longitudinal axis of the head. The circular portion includes stiff bristles and the static portion includes soft bristles. The elongated body portion is hollow and further includes a motor in the hollow portion, which is operatively connected to the circular portion for rotating or oscillating or reciprocating the circular portion. A battery is located within the hollow section for powering the motor. A switch is operatively connected to the motor to provide momentary and continuous operation of the toothbrush. A worm gear and a pair of step gears are located in the hollow portion. The motor is operatively connected to the worm gear and the step gears are operatively connected to the worm gear and to each other. One of the step gears is offset with respect to a longitudinal axis of the elongated body portion. A shaft which is operatively connected to the offset step gear and to a second end to the circular portion. Alternately, the toothbrush comprises a plurality of gears and swivel arms which move the brush head moving portion in a rotating, oscillating or reciprocating manner.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/236,794, filed Jan. 25, 1999 which is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/163,621, filed on Sep. 30, 1998. [0001]
  • The present invention relates generally to electric toothbrushes. More particularly, it relates to an improved battery powered toothbrush. [0002]
  • The benefits of brushing one's teeth using motorized toothbrushes are well known, and motorized movement in toothbrushes has been the subject of much recent innovation and design activity. Also, the commercial market has seen the introduction, over the last several years, of many different types of motorized toothbrushes. However, an examination of the available technology shows a tendency toward increasingly complex, expensive, and non-commercially feasible methods of achieving motorized motions in the bristles and heads of toothbrushes to aid in more effectively cleaning one's teeth. [0003]
  • The commercial marketplace has become divided into two price markets. On the higher priced end are some of these more complex motorized toothbrushes that provide various motions to the bristles and brush head. The lower end of the market has become the province of very simple motorized toothbrushes that only vibrate through the use of an offset weight attached to the motor shaft, and which provide very little true additional cleaning benefit with their use, since no vigorous motion is transmitted to the cleaning surface of the brush. The vibrations are also very uncomfortable to the hand and act as a disincentive to brush one's teeth for an adequate time. [0004]
  • Numerous electric toothbrushes have been developed over the years. Some known devices are shown in U.S. Pat. No. 5,070,567; U.S. Pat. No. 5,186,627; U.S. Pat. No. 5,274,870; U.S. Pat. No. 5,341,534; U.S. Pat. No. 5,378,153; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,732,433. The intention of the present invention is to provide a low cost, effective, ergonomically correct, motorized toothbrush wherein the brush includes both a moving circular brush portion and a fixed brush portion. Accordingly it has been considered desirable to develop a new and improved electric toothbrush which would overcome the foregoing difficulties and others while providing better and more advantageous overall results. [0005]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to an electric toothbrush. [0006]
  • More specifically, the electric toothbrush is used in personal hygiene to clean one's teeth and gums using a motorized movement. [0007]
  • In a first preferred embodiment, the electric toothbrush includes an elongated body portion, a brush head attached to a first end of the elongated body portion, a handle attached to a second end of the elongated body portion, and an angled shaft between the brush head and the handle. [0008]
  • The brush head includes a longitudinal axis, a circular or moving portion and a static portion. The circular portion rotates, swivels, gyrates, oscillates or reciprocates about an axis normal to the longitudinal axis of the brush head and is incorporated into the larger brush head. The static portion includes static bristles located on opposite sides of the circular portion. The stiff bristles of the circular portion can be slightly recessed in height from the static bristles. This particular arrangement allows for the circular portion to include stiff bristles which will aid in the deep cleaning and plaque removal process, while the stationary bristles would typically consist of softer bristles, so as not to damage the gums. [0009]
  • The brush head has a more traditional larger brush head shape which permits the user to brush his teeth in the typical manner of an up and down fashion, while a motorized moving portion of the brush head cleans more effectively. The design of the brush head allows for inexpensive manufacture and brings effective motorized toothbrushes within the financial reach of a larger portion of the population. [0010]
  • The angled shaft provides an ergonomic benefit that has not been utilized on a motorized toothbrush. The angle is well known for its ergonomic benefit in permitting easier access into the back recesses of the mouth while still contacting the tooth surface. [0011]
  • The elongated body portion includes a hollow portion. The toothbrush is further comprised of a motor within the hollow portion of the elongated body portion. The motor is operably connected to the moving portion of the brush head for rotating, oscillating or reciprocating the movable bristles on the head. The motor has a longitudinal axis which is coaxial with a longitudinal axis of the elongated body portion. [0012]
  • The hollow portion further includes a simplified gear assembly. The gearing may comprise any of several embodiments. In one embodiment, the gear assembly includes a worm gear, two step gears and a shaft. The motor is operatively connected to the worm gear. The step gears are operatively connected to the worm gear and to each other. The gear assembly delivers sufficient torque and speed, while preserving battery longevity. The first step gear permits a second matching step gear to be offset with respect to a longitudinal axis of the elongated body portion and placed at the desired angle so that the shaft itself can still be straight, thus losing no power or torque through the added friction of a flexible shaft. The shaft is operatively connected at a first end to the offset step gear and at a second end to the moving portion of the brush head. [0013]
  • The body further includes a switch to allow operation of the unit. The switch includes an actuator button and a metal contact. The switch is manually depressed by pressing a molded actuator button down, which presses against a metal contact, completing the circuit, as in a conventional momentary switch. The switch allows continuous operation, through a ramp design, by depressing and sliding the actuator button forward as in a conventional continuous switch. The forward motion, combined with the molded in ramp, causes the actuator button to move downward, pressing against the metal contact, and completing the circuit. By combining these two functions in one switch, the consumer can try the unit and see its operation prior to purchase, and still operate it continuously once out of the package. [0014]
  • The electric toothbrush can further include a battery located within the hollow portion of the elongated body portion. A slidable, snap-on cover is depressed then released from the end of the handle and opens to expose the hollow portion. The battery is then inserted and then the cover is slid into position and snapped into place. [0015]
  • In a second preferred embodiment, the electric toothbrush includes an elongated body portion, a brush head attached to a first end of the elongated body portion, a handle attached to a second end of the elongated body portion, and an angled shaft between the brush head and the handle. [0016]
  • The brush head includes a longitudinal axis, a circular or moving portion, a static portion, a first end and a second end. The first end of the head is located adjacent the first end of the elongated body portion, and the second end is located opposite the first end. The static portion is located at the first end or second end of the head. The circular portion is then located at the opposite end of the head. The moving portion can rotate, swivel, gyrate, oscillate or reciprocate about an axis approximately normal to the longitudinal axis of the brush head and is incorporated into the larger brush head. The circular portion is preferably located at the second end of the brush head to facilitate easier access and cleaning of the back of the user's mouth. The static bristles are located adjacent the circular portion. This particular arrangement allows for the circular portion to include stiff bristles which will aid in the deep cleaning and plaque removal process further in the back of the user's mouth, while the stationary bristles would typically consist of a softer bristle, so as not to damage the gums. [0017]
  • In a third preferred embodiment, the electric toothbrush includes an elongated body portion having opposed first and second ends, a hollow portion and a longitudinal axis, and a head attached to the first end of the elongated body portion. A handle is attached to the second end of the elongated body portion. [0018]
  • An angled shaft is located between the head and the handle. The toothbrush further includes a motor located within the hollow portion of the elongated body portion. [0019]
  • A plurality of gears are located in the hollow portion. The plurality of gears comprises a first gear and a second gear. The motor is connected to the first gear, and the first gear is connected to the second gear. [0020]
  • The toothbrush also includes three swivel arms. The first swivel arm is pivotably connected to one of the gears. The first and second swivel arms are pivotably connected to each other. [0021]
  • A shaft is operatively connected to one of the pair of swivel arms at a shaft first end and operatively connected to the third swivel arm at a shaft second end. The shaft is located within the angled shaft. [0022]
  • The head can further comprise a moving portion and a static portion. The moving portion and the static portion are located adjacent each other. The third swivel arm is connected to the moving portion. The moving portion further comprises a disk which is connected to the third swivel arm. [0023]
  • The moving portion can be located adjacent a first end of the head and the static portion is located adjacent a second end of the head. Alternately, the static portion is located adjacent the first end of the head and the moving portion is located adjacent the second end of the head. The moving portion can also be located at a center of the head with the static portion located on opposite sides of the head. [0024]
  • The shaft moves in a back and forth manner along the longitudinal axis of the elongated body portion. [0025]
  • The first gear rotates about the longitudinal axis and the second gear rotates about an axis normal to the longitudinal axis. [0026]
  • The swivel arms move in a back and forth manner along the longitudinal axis of the elongated body portion. [0027]
  • The moving portion can rotate or oscillate about an axis normal to the longitudinal axis of the head. [0028]
  • Alternately, the moving portion can move in a back and forth manner along the longitudinal axis of the head. [0029]
  • A switch is operably connected to the motor. The switch is depressed to provide momentary operation of the toothbrush and is depressed and slid in a slot in the elongated body portion to provide continuous operation of the toothbrush. [0030]
  • One advantage of the present invention is the provision of an electric toothbrush with a brush head with a traditional larger brush head shape to permit the user to brush teeth in an up and down fashion. [0031]
  • Another advantage of the present invention is the provision of an electric toothbrush which is inexpensive and easy to manufacture. [0032]
  • Another advantage of the present invention is the provision of an electric toothbrush with an angled shaft to permit easier access to the back of the user's mouth. [0033]
  • Still another advantage of the present invention is the provision of an electric toothbrush with a static portion and a circular or moving portion that rotates, swivels, oscillates or reciprocates. [0034]
  • Yet another advantage of the present invention is the provision of a circular portion that rotates or reciprocates or swivels or oscillates which is positioned at the end of the brush head to facilitate easier access to the back of the user's mouth. [0035]
  • Yet still another advantage of the present invention is the provision of an electric toothbrush with a switch which allows momentary operation or continuous operation of the toothbrush. [0036]
  • Another advantage of the present invention is the provision of an electric toothbrush with swivel arms which provide a simplified mechanism for rotating or oscillating the moving brush head. [0037]
  • Still other advantages and benefits of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon a reading and understanding of the following detailed description. [0038]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention may take physical form in certain parts and arrangements of parts, preferred embodiments of which will be described in detail in this specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings which form a part hereof, and wherein: [0039]
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the electric toothbrush in accordance with a first preferred embodiment of the present invention; [0040]
  • FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 1; [0041]
  • FIG. 3 is a bottom elevational view of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 1; [0042]
  • FIG. 4 is a side elevational view in cross section of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 1; [0043]
  • FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 1; [0044]
  • FIG. 6 is an enlarged side elevational view in cross section of the motor and gear assembly of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 1; [0045]
  • FIG. 7 is an enlarged side elevational view in cross section of the head of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 1; [0046]
  • FIG. 8 is a front and side elevational view of the electric toothbrush in packaging; [0047]
  • FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the electric toothbrush in accordance with a second preferred embodiment of the present invention; [0048]
  • FIG. 10 is a side elevational view of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 9; [0049]
  • FIG. 11 is a bottom elevational view of the electric toothbrush of FIG. 9. [0050]
  • FIG. 12 is a perspective view of the electric toothbrush in accordance with a third preferred embodiment of the present invention. [0051]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring now to the drawings wherein the showings are for the purposes of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the invention only and not for purposes of limiting same, FIG. 1 shows an electric toothbrush A according to a first preferred embodiment of the present invention. The electric toothbrush can be used for personal hygiene such as brushing one's teeth and gums. [0052]
  • As shown in FIG. 1, the electric toothbrush includes an elongated body portion [0053] 10, which has a first end 12 and a second end 14. A head 16 is attached to the first end 12 and a handle 18 is attached to the second end 14.
  • The head [0054] 16 has a more traditional larger brush head shape which permits the user to brush his teeth in the typical manner of an up and down fashion. As shown on FIG. 2, the length of the head 16, dimension “X”, can range from about 0.75 inches to about 1.75 inches. The thickness of the brush head, dimension “Y”, can range from about 0.25 inches to about 0.50 inches. The design of the head 16 allows for inexpensive manufacture and assists in bringing effective motorized rotational toothbrushes within the financial reach of a large portion of the population.
  • Referring now to FIG. 3, the head [0055] 16 further includes a longitudinal axis 19, a circular or moving portion or brush head 20 and a static portion or brush head 22. The static portion 22 is located on opposite sides of the circular portion 20. The circular portion 20 is located at the center of the brush head 16. The circular portion 20 rotates, swivels, oscillates or reciprocates about an axis approximately normal to the longitudinal axis 19 of the brush head 16. The circular portion 20 may rotate 360° or partially rotate or oscillate or reciprocate in a back and forth manner.
  • The circular portion [0056] 20 includes stiff bristles 24. The static portion 22 includes soft bristles 26. The stiff bristles 24 are slightly recessed with respect to the soft bristles 26. The stiff bristles 24 aid in the deep cleaning and plaque removal process, while the stationary soft bristles 26 are softer so as to not damage the gums. The thickness of the bristles, dimension “Z”, shown in FIG. 2, can range from about 0.25 inches to about 0.75 inches.
  • Referring again to FIG. 3, the elongated body portion [0057] 10 further includes an angled shaft 28, located between the head 16 and the handle 18. The angled shaft 28 provides an ergonomic benefit that has not been utilized on a motorized toothbrush. The angle is well known for its ergonomic benefit in permitting easier access into the back recesses of the mouth while still contacting the tooth surface.
  • As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the elongated body portion [0058] 10 further includes a hollow portion 30 which houses a motor 32. The motor 32 has a longitudinal axis 34 in line with a longitudinal axis 36 of the elongated body portion 10.
  • To provide power to the circular portion [0059] 20 to rotate or oscillate or reciprocate, the motor 32 powers a worm gear 40 and a pair of step gears 42, 43. The motor 32 is operatively connected to the worm gear 40. Step gear 42 is operatively connected to step gear 43 and the worm gear 40.
  • As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 6, the first step gear [0060] 42 permits the matching second step gear 43 to be offset with respect to the longitudinal axis 36 of the elongated body portion 10.
  • As shown in FIGS. 4, 6 and [0061] 7, a shaft 44 is connected at a first end to the offset step gear 43 and at a second end to the circular portion 20. The second step gear 43 is placed at a desired angle so that the shaft 44 itself can still be straight, thus losing no power or torque through the added function of a flexible shaft.
  • Referring again to FIG. 5, the motor [0062] 32 and gears 40, 42, 43 are housed with an upper housing 46 and a lower housing 48.
  • Referring again to FIG. 4, a switch [0063] 50 is provided to control operation of the electric toothbrush and is operatively connected to the motor 32. The switch 50 includes a molded actuator button 52 and a metal contact 54. The switch 50 is manually depressed by pressing a molded actuator button 52 down, which then presses against a metal contact 54, which completes the circuit and provides momentary operation of the toothbrush. The switch 50 also allows continuous operation through a ramp design, sliding the button 52 forward toward the head 16 to provide for continuous operation. Moving the button 52 forward, combined with a molded in ramp 58 in the metal contact 54, causes the button 52 to move downward, pressing against the metal contact 54 and completing the circuit. The toothbrush then continuously operates until the button 52 is slid back into an off position toward the handle 18 and the button 52 disengages the metal contact 54.
  • By combining these two functions in one switch [0064] 50, the toothbrush can be packaged in packaging as shown in FIG. 8 where the consumer can depress the button 52 through the packaging and see its operation while still inside the packaging, and then be able to operate it continuously once out of the package. FIG. 8 illustrates one version of the button 52. It should be noted that other sizes and shapes of buttons may be used.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 4 and 5, a battery [0065] 60 is provided within the hollow portion 30 of the elongated body portion 10. A battery terminal or contact 62 is provided for the battery 60. An AA battery can be used as is illustrated in FIG. 4. To install the battery 60 into the hollow portion 30, a slidable snap-on cover 64 is depressed and slid off the end of the handle 18 to expose the hollow portion 30. The battery 60 is inserted, then the cover 64 is slid back on to the housing and snapped into place. The terminal end of the battery 60 is then in contact with the metal contact 54.
  • If desired, depressions or grip areas [0066] 70 and 72 can be molded into the upper and lower housings 46, 48 as shown in FIG. 4. The depressions 70, 72 are used to support a user's thumb and forefinger or other fingers to make using the electric toothbrush easier and more comfortable.
  • A second preferred embodiment of the electric toothbrush according to the present invention is shown in FIG. 9. [0067]
  • The electric toothbrush includes an elongated body portion [0068] 80 which has a first end 82 and a second end 84. A head 86 is attached to the first end 82 and a handle 88 is attached to the second end 84.
  • Referring now to FIG. 11, the head [0069] 86 further includes a longitudinal axis 90, a circular or moving portion or brush head 100, a static portion or brush head 102, a first end 104, and a second end 106. The first end 104 is located adjacent the first end 82 of the elongated body portion 80. The second end 106 is located opposite the first end 104. The circular portion 100 is preferably located at the second end 106 of the brush head 86. The static portion 102 is preferably located at the first end 104 of the brush head 86 adjacent the circular portion 100. However, it is to be appreciated that the circular portion 100 and the static portion 102 can be arranged in different orientations. The circular portion 100 rotates, swivels, oscillates or reciprocates about an axis approximately normal to the longitudinal axis 90 of the brush head 86.
  • The second preferred embodiment also has a worm gear [0070] 40 and a pair of step gears 42, 43 as shown in FIGS. 4 and 6. The motor 32 powers the worm gear 40 and the pair of step gears 42, 43. The step gear 42 permits the matching step gear 43 to be offset with respect to the longitudinal axis of the elongated body portion 80.
  • As shown in FIGS. 4, 6, and [0071] 7, a shaft 44 is connected at a first end to the offset step gear 43 and at a second end to the circular portion 100. The second step gear 43 is placed at a desired angle so that the shaft 44 can still be straight, thus losing no power or torque through the added function of a flexible shaft.
  • Referring again to FIG. 9, a switch [0072] 130 is provided to control operation of the electric toothbrush and is operatively connected to the motor 32. The switch 130 includes a molded actuator button 132. The switch 130 is manually depressed by pressing a molded actuator button 132 down, which then presses against a metal contact 54, which completes the circuit and provides momentary operation of the toothbrush. The operation of the switch 130 is identical to that shown in FIGS. 4 and 6 and as described for the first preferred embodiment. The switch 130 also allows continuous operation through a ramp design, sliding the button 132 forward toward the head 86 to provide for continuous operation. The toothbrush then continuously operates until the button 132 is slid back into an off position toward the handle 88 and the button 132 disengages the metal contact 54.
  • As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 for the first preferred embodiment, the second preferred embodiment also has a battery [0073] 60 with a battery terminal or contact 62 provided within the hollow portion 30 of the elongated body portion 80. To install the battery 60 into the hollow portion 30, a slidable snap-on cover 134 (shown in FIGS. 9 - 11) is depressed and slid off the end of the handle 88 to expose the hollow portion 30. The battery 60 is inserted, then the cover 134 is slid back on to the housing and snapped into place.
  • If desired, raised grip areas [0074] 136 can be molded into the lower housing 124 as shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 11. The raised portions 136 are used to support a user's thumb and forefinger or other fingers to make using the electric toothbrush easier and more comfortable. Raised portion 140 may also be molded onto the snap-on cover 134 to aid in gripping the cover with one's thumb and removing the cover from the handle 88.
  • The electric toothbrush of the second preferred embodiment can also be packaged in packaging as shown in FIG. 8 as shown for the first preferred embodiment where the consumer can depress the button [0075] 132 through the packaging and see its operation while still inside the packaging, and then be able to operate it continuously once out of the packaging.
  • A third preferred embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIG. 12. [0076]
  • The electric toothbrush includes an elongated body portion [0077] 150 which has a first end 152 and a second end 154. A head 160 is attached to the first end 152 and a handle 162 is attached to the second end 154.
  • The head [0078] 160 further includes a moving portion or brush head 164, a static portion or brush head 166, a first end 168, and a second end 170. As shown in FIG. 12, the moving portion 164 is located adjacent the second end 170. The static portion 166 is shown located adjacent the first end 168. However, it is to be appreciated that the moving portion 164 could be located adjacent the first end 168, and the static portion 166 could be located adjacent the second end 170. Furthermore, the moving portion 164 could be positioned in the center of the brush head with static portions 166 on opposite sides of the moving portion 164 similar to that shown in FIG. 3.
  • In accordance with this embodiment, the moving portion [0079] 164 oscillates about an axis approximately normal to a longitudinal axis 172 of the elongated body portion 150.
  • The moving portion [0080] 164 can include stiff bristles 178. The static portion 166 can include soft bristles 180 which are softer than the stiff bristles. The stiff bristles 178 may be slightly recessed with respect to the soft bristles 180. The stiff bristles 178 aid in the deep cleaning and plaque removal process, while the stationary soft bristles 180 are softer so as to not damage the gums.
  • The elongated body portion [0081] 150 further includes an angled shaft 190, an upper housing 192 (not shown), and a lower housing 194. The angled shaft 190 is located between the head 160 and the handle 162. The angled shaft 190 provides an ergonomic benefit that has not been utilized on a motorized toothbrush.
  • The elongated body portion [0082] 150 of the third preferred embodiment also includes a hollow portion 196 which houses a motor 200. The hollow portion 196 is formed between the upper housing 192 and the lower housing 194. The motor 200 provides power to the moving portion 164 to rotate or oscillate or reciprocate. Power is provided to the motor by battery as shown and described for the first embodiment.
  • A switch (not shown) can be provided which is similar to switch [0083] 130 shown in FIGS. 9 and 11 and which functions as described for the first and second preferred embodiments.
  • The third embodiment further includes a first gear [0084] 202 which is operatively connected to and powered by the motor 200. The first gear 202 rotates about the longitudinal axis 172 of the elongated body portion 150. A second gear 206 is operatively connected to the first gear 202. The second gear 206 is approximately normal to the first gear 202. The second gear 206 rotates about an axis approximately normal to the longitudinal axis 172. Teeth 208 of the first gear 202 mesh with teeth 210 of the second gear 206, thus causing second gear 206 to rotate when first gear 202 rotates.
  • A first swivel arm [0085] 220 is pivotably connected to the second gear 206 via a pin 222 or other fastening device. A second swivel arm 224 is pivotably connected to the first swivel arm 220 via a pin 226 or other fastening device. A shaft 230 is fixedly secured at a shaft first end 232 to the second swivel arm 224. The shaft 230 is pivotably attached at a shaft second end 234 to a third swivel arm 240. The shaft 230 is housed within the angled shaft 190.
  • The shaft [0086] 230 is generally parallel with the longitudinal axis 172.
  • A guide spacer [0087] 250 is located within the angled shaft 190 and surrounds the shaft 230 adjacent the first end 232 of the shaft 230 to minimize lateral movement of the shaft 230. A second guide spacer 252 is located adjacent the second end 234 of the shaft 230 to also minimize lateral movement of the shaft 230. Guide spacers 250, 252 align the shaft 230 within the angled shaft 190 and minimize its movement from side to side within the angled shaft 190.
  • The third swivel arm [0088] 240 has a first end 244 and a second end 246. The third swivel arm 240 is pivotably connected to the second guide spacer 252 at the swivel arm first end 244 via a pin 253. The third swivel arm 240 is connected at the swivel arm second end 246 to the moving portion 164 via a pin 254 or other fastening device. The pin 254 is connected to a disk 256 of the moving portion 164 which is housed within the head 160.
  • As the first gear [0089] 202 rotates, the second gear 206 is rotated, thus moving the first swivel arm 220 in a back and forth circular fashion about the second gear 206 and along the longitudinal axis 172. The first swivel arm 220 also can pivot about the pin 222. The first swivel arm 220 retains its orientation of approximately parallel to the longitudinal axis 172 of the elongated body portion 150 during movement. The second swivel arm 224 pivots with respect to its pin connection 226 with the first swivel arm 220 thus allowing the shaft 230 to oscillate in a back and forth manner toward and away from the brush head with minimal lateral motion.
  • During operation, the third swivel arm [0090] 240 moves back and forth along the longitudinal axis 172 of the elongated body portion 150 along with the shaft 230.
  • The swivel arm [0091] 240 can also pivot or move slightly laterally in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis.
  • The third swivel arm [0092] 240 has an offset arm 260 which is offset from the longitudinal axis 172 and moves the disk 256 of the moving portion 164 in a partially rotating or oscillating motion. As the third swivel arm 240 moves back and forth, the offset arm 260 moves along an outside edge 262 of the disk 256 in a partially rotating or oscillating fashion about an axis which is approximately normal to the longitudinal axis 172. This causes the bristles 178 to also move in a partially rotating or oscillating manner about an axis approximately normal to the longitudinal axis 172.
  • When the third swivel arm [0093] 240 rotates, the disk 256 also rotates about an axis approximately normal to the elongated body portion longitudinal axis 172. The third, swivel arm 240 also retains its orientation of approximately parallel to the elongated body portion longitudinal axis 172 during movement.
  • If desired, raised grip areas (not shown) can be provided which are similar to raised grip areas [0094] 138 and 140 shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 11 for the second preferred embodiment. The raised grip areas can be molded into the lower housing 194.
  • The electric toothbrush of the third preferred embodiment can also be packaged in packaging as shown in FIG. 8 as shown for the first preferred embodiment. The consumer can depress a button (not shown) similar to button [0095] 132 shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 11 for the second preferred embodiment through the packaging and see its operation while still inside the packaging, and then be able to operate it continuously once out of the packaging.
  • The invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments. Obviously, modifications and alterations will occur to others upon a reading and understanding of this specification. It is intended to include all such modifications and alterations insofar as they come within the scope of the appended claims or the equivalents thereof. [0096]

Claims (27)

    Having thus described the invention, it is claimed:
  1. 1. An electric toothbrush comprising:
    an elongated body portion having opposed first and second ends, a hollow portion and a longitudinal axis;
    a head attached to said first end;
    a motor located within said hollow portion of said elongated body portion;
    a plurality of gears located in said hollow portion, wherein said motor is operatively connected to one of said gears;
    at least one swivel arm, said at least one swivel arm being pivotably connected to one of said gears; and
    a shaft operatively connected to said at least one swivel arm at a shaft first end.
  2. 2. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    wherein said plurality of gears comprises a first gear and a second gear, wherein said motor is connected to said first gear, said first gear is connected to said second gear.
  3. 3. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    further comprising a handle located adjacent said second end of said elongated body portion.
  4. 4. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    wherein said shaft moves in a back and forth manner along said longitudinal axis of said elongated body portion.
  5. 5. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    further comprising a head which has a traditional brush head shape having dimensions of 0.75 inches to 1.75 inches in length and 0.25 inches to 0.50 inches in thickness.
  6. 6. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    further comprising a switch which is operably connected to said motor, said switch is depressed to provide momentary operation of said toothbrush and is depressed and slid in a slot in said elongated body portion to provide continuous operation of said toothbrush.
  7. 7. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    further including a battery located within said hollow portion for powering said motor.
  8. 8. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 1
    wherein said at least one swivel arm comprises a first swivel arm, a second swivel arm and a third swivel arm, wherein said first swivel arm is operatively connected to one of said gears, said second swivel arm is pivotably connected to said first swivel arm and to said shaft first end, and wherein said third swivel arm is operatively connected to a second end of said shaft.
  9. 9. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 2
    wherein said first gear rotates about said longitudinal axis and said second gear rotates about an axis normal to said longitudinal axis.
  10. 10. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 3
    further comprising an angled shaft located between said head and said handle, wherein said shaft is located within said angled shaft.
  11. 11. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 8
    wherein said swivel arms move in a back and forth manner along said longitudinal axis of said elongated body portion.
  12. 12. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 8
    wherein said head further comprises a moving portion and a static portion, said moving portion and said static portion are located adjacent each other.
  13. 13. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said moving portion is located adjacent a first end of said head and said static portion is located adjacent a second end of said head.
  14. 14. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said static portion is located adjacent a first end of said head and said moving portion is located adjacent a second end of said head.
  15. 15. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said moving portion is located at a center of said head and said static portion is located on opposite sides of said head.
  16. 16. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said third swivel arm is pivotably connected to said moving portion.
  17. 17. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said moving portion further comprises a disk which is connected to said third swivel arm.
  18. 18. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said moving portion rotates about an axis normal to said longitudinal axis of said elongated body portion.
  19. 19. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said moving portion oscillates about an axis normal to said longitudinal axis of said elongated body portion.
  20. 20. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein said moving portion moves in a back and forth manner along said longitudinal axis of said elongated body portion.
  21. 21. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 12
    wherein the moving portion includes stiff bristles and the static portion includes soft bristles.
  22. 22. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 21
    wherein the stiff bristles are recessed with respect to the soft bristles.
  23. 23. An electric toothbrush comprising:
    an elongated body portion having opposed first and second ends, a hollow portion and a longitudinal axis;
    a head attached to said first end;
    a motor located within said hollow portion of said elongated body portion;
    a first gear and a second gear located in said hollow portion, wherein said motor is operatively connected to said first gear, said first gear is connected to said second gear;
    first, second and third swivel arms, wherein said first swivel arm is connected to said first gear, said second swivel arm is pivotably connected to said first swivel arm;
    a shaft operatively connected to said second swivel arm at a shaft first end and operatively connected to said third swivel arm at a shaft second end;
    wherein said head further comprises a moving portion, wherein said third swivel arm is connected to said moving portion.
  24. 24. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 23
    wherein said moving portion rotates about an axis normal to said longitudinal axis.
  25. 25. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 23
    wherein said moving portion oscillates about an axis normal to said longitudinal axis.
  26. 26. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 23
    wherein said moving portion moves in a back and forth manner along said longitudinal axis.
  27. 27. The electric toothbrush of
    claim 23
    wherein said first gear rotates about said longitudinal axis and said second gear rotates about an axis normal to said longitudinal axis.
US09766703 1998-09-30 2001-01-22 Electric toothbrush Active US6360395B2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09163621 US6000083A (en) 1998-09-30 1998-09-30 Electric toothbrush
US09236794 US6189693B1 (en) 1998-09-30 1999-01-25 Electric toothbrush
US09382745 US6178579B1 (en) 1998-09-30 1999-08-25 Electric toothbrush
US09766703 US6360395B2 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-22 Electric toothbrush

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09766703 US6360395B2 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-22 Electric toothbrush
US09991772 US20020032941A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-11-16 Electric toothbrush
US10082503 US20020078514A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2002-02-25 Electric toothbrush
US10688581 US20040074026A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2003-10-18 Electric toothbrush

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09382745 Continuation US6178579B1 (en) 1998-09-30 1999-08-25 Electric toothbrush

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09991772 Continuation US20020032941A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-11-16 Electric toothbrush
US10082503 Continuation US20020078514A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2002-02-25 Electric toothbrush

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20010004781A1 true true US20010004781A1 (en) 2001-06-28
US6360395B2 US6360395B2 (en) 2002-03-26

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09382745 Active US6178579B1 (en) 1998-09-30 1999-08-25 Electric toothbrush
US09766703 Active US6360395B2 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-22 Electric toothbrush
US09991772 Abandoned US20020032941A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-11-16 Electric toothbrush
US10082503 Abandoned US20020078514A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2002-02-25 Electric toothbrush
US10688581 Abandoned US20040074026A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2003-10-18 Electric toothbrush

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09382745 Active US6178579B1 (en) 1998-09-30 1999-08-25 Electric toothbrush

Family Applications After (3)

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US09991772 Abandoned US20020032941A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-11-16 Electric toothbrush
US10082503 Abandoned US20020078514A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2002-02-25 Electric toothbrush
US10688581 Abandoned US20040074026A1 (en) 1998-09-30 2003-10-18 Electric toothbrush

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (5) US6178579B1 (en)
EP (1) EP1143875B8 (en)
JP (1) JP4217402B2 (en)
CN (1) CN100374090C (en)
CA (1) CA2364232C (en)
DE (1) DE60027049D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2261267T3 (en)
RU (1) RU2270638C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2001019281A3 (en)

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CN100374090C (en) 2008-03-12 grant

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