US20010002375A1 - Solid golf ball - Google Patents

Solid golf ball Download PDF

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Publication number
US20010002375A1
US20010002375A1 US08925677 US92567797A US20010002375A1 US 20010002375 A1 US20010002375 A1 US 20010002375A1 US 08925677 US08925677 US 08925677 US 92567797 A US92567797 A US 92567797A US 20010002375 A1 US20010002375 A1 US 20010002375A1
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Prior art keywords
core
golf ball
cover
hardness
mm
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US08925677
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US6302810B2 (en )
Inventor
Masatoshi Yokota
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Dunlop Sports Co Ltd
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Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUSE OF INORGANIC OR NON-MACROMOLECULAR ORGANIC SUBSTANCES AS COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/04Oxygen-containing compounds
    • C08K5/09Carboxylic acids; Metal salts thereof; Anhydrides thereof
    • C08K5/098Metal salts of carboxylic acids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • A63B37/0023Covers
    • A63B37/0029Physical properties
    • A63B37/0031Hardness
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • A63B37/0023Covers
    • A63B37/0029Physical properties
    • A63B37/0033Thickness
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • A63B37/0023Covers
    • A63B37/0029Physical properties
    • A63B37/0037Flexural modulus; Bending stiffness
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • A63B37/005Cores
    • A63B37/0051Special materials other than polybutadienes; Special construction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B37/00Solid balls; Rigid hollow balls; Marbles
    • A63B37/0003Golf balls
    • A63B37/005Cores
    • A63B37/006Physical properties
    • A63B37/0062Hardness

Abstract

The present invention provides a solid golf ball having good controllability at approach shot and good shot feel, and excellent flight performance. The present invention related to a solid golf ball comprising a core and a cover formed on the core, wherein
the cover has a thickness of 1.0 to 2.1 mm and a JIS-C hardness of 75 to 95,
the core is formed from a rubber composition comprising 100 parts by weight of cis-1,4-polybutadiene rubber and 30 to 40 parts by weight of metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid, and
a JIS-C hardness difference between a surface of the core and the cover is not more than 10.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a solid golf ball. More particularly, it relates to a solid golf ball having good controllability at approach shot, good shot feel, and excellent flight performance. [0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Many golf balls are commercially selling, but they are typically classified into solid golf balls (such as, two-piece solid golf balls) and thread wound golf balls. The solid golf ball consists of a solid core of molded rubber material and a cover of thermoplastic resin (e.g. ionomer resin) covering on the solid core. The thread wound golf ball consists of a solid or liquid center, a thread wound layer formed on the center and a cover of ionomer resin or balata etc. having a thickness of 1 to 2 mm covering on the thread wound layer. The solid golf ball, when compared with the thread wound golf ball, has better durability and better flight performance because of larger initial velocity when hitting and longer flight distance. The solid golf ball is generally approved or employed by many golfers, especially amateur golfers. On the other hand, the solid golf ball exhibits hard shot feel when hitting, and shows difficulty to put spin on the ball, thus poor controllability at approach shot. The difficulty of putting spin on the ball comes from the structural features of the solid golf ball that a ball velocity is very high, when hitting, and a contact area of the ball with a hitting face of a golf club is very small. Thus, the solid golf ball is not desirably approved or employed by professional golfers or high level amateur golfers who attach importance to shot feel and controllability at approach shot. [0002]
  • In order to improve controllability and shot feel of the solid golf ball, it is attempted to soften the cover of the solid golf ball by various means. However, the softening of the cover adversely degrades rebound characteristics, and reduces flight distance, because a launch angle is low and a spin amount is high to cause blown-up trajectory when hit by a driver or a long iron club. [0003]
  • OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION
  • A main object of the present invention is to provide a solid golf ball having good controllability at approach shot, good shot feel, and excellent flight performance. [0004]
  • According to the present invention, the object described above has been accomplished by softening the cover, by reducing a thickness of the cover to restrain rebound characteristics from degrading, and by reducing a hardness difference between the core surface and the cover, thereby providing a solid golf ball having good controllability at approach shot and good shot feel, while keeping the characteristics inherent to the solid golf ball, i.e. excellent flight performance. [0005]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides a solid golf ball comprising a core and a cover formed on the core, wherein [0006]
  • the cover has a thickness of 1.0 to 2.1 mm and a JIS-C hardness of 75 to 95, [0007]
  • the core is formed from a rubber composition comprising 100 parts by weight of cis-1,4-polybutadiene rubber and 30 to 40 parts by weight of metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid, and [0008]
  • a JIS-C hardness difference between a surface of the core and the cover is not more than 10. [0009]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • In the solid golf ball of the present invention, a cover is covered on a core. The core is obtained by vulcanizing or press-molding a rubber composition. The rubber composition typically comprises cis-1,4-polybutadiene as a base rubber, a metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid, a crosslinking agent, optionally a filler, and the like. [0010]
  • According to the present invention, the base rubber must be cis-1,4-polybutadiene rubber. The cis-1,4-polybutadiene preferably has a cis-1,4-bond of not less than 40%, preferably not less than 80%. The cis-1,4-polybutadiene rubber may be mixed with natural rubber, polyisoprene rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, ethylene-propylene-diene rubber (EPDM), and the like, if necessary. [0011]
  • The metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid, which acts as a co-crosslinking agent, includes mono or divalent metal salts, such as zinc or magnesium salts of α, β-unsaturated carboxylic acids having 3 to 8 carbon atoms (e.g. acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, etc.). Preferred is zinc acrylate because it imparts high rebound characteristics to the resulting golf ball. An amount of the metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid in the rubber composition is 30 to 40 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cis-1,4-polybutadiene. When the amount of the metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid is larger than 40 parts by weight, the core is too hard and shot feel is poor. On the other hand, when the amount of the metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid is smaller than 30 parts by weight, the core is soft and rebound characteristics are degraded to reduce flight distance. [0012]
  • The crosslinking agents may be an organic peroxide such as dicumyl peroxide, t-butyl peroxide and the like. Preferred organic peroxide is dicumyl peroxide. An amount of the organic peroxide is preferably from 0.3 to 5.0 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cis-1,4-polybutadiene. When the amount of the organic peroxide is smaller than 0.3 parts by weight, the core is too soft and rebound characteristics are degraded to reduce flight distance. On the other hand, when the amount of the organic peroxide is larger than 5.0 parts by weight, the core is too hard and shot feel is poor. [0013]
  • The filler, which can be used for the core of golf ball, includes for example, zinc oxide, barium sulfate, calcium carbonate and the like, and the mixture thereof. An amount of the filler is not limited and can vary depending on the specific gravity and size of the cover and core, but generally is from 5 to 50 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cis-1,4-polybutadiene. When the amount of the filler is smaller than 5 parts by weight, the core is too light. On the other hand, when the amount of the filler is larger than 50 parts by weight, the core is too heavy. [0014]
  • The rubber composition for the core of the present invention can contain other components which have been conventionally used for preparing the core of solid golf balls, such as antioxidant or peptizing agent. The core of the present invention may have not only single-layer structure, but also multi-layer structure having two or more layers. [0015]
  • In the present invention, it is preferable that the core has a hardness distribution substantially linearly increasing from the center point to the surface of the core, and a JIS-C hardness difference between the center point and the surface of the core of not less than 15. When the hardness difference is less than 15, shot feel of the resulting golf ball is too poor and the golf ball creates blown-up trajectory when hit by a driver or a long iron club, thus reducing flight distance. A JIS-C hardness of the core surface is preferably ranged within 75 to 95, more preferably 80 to 92. [0016]
  • In the present invention, it is preferable that the core has a deformation amount of 2.3 to 3.2 mm, when applying from an initial load of 10 kgf to a final load of 130 kgf on the core. When the deformation amount is smaller than 2.3 mm, the core is too hard. Therefore, shot feel of the resulting golf ball is degraded. On the other hand, when the deformation mount is larger than 3.2 mm, the core is too soft. Therefore, rebound characteristics of the resulting golf ball are degraded to reduce flight distance. [0017]
  • Then, a cover is covered on the core so that a JIS-C hardness difference between the core surface and the cover is adjusted to not more than 10. When the hardness difference between the core surface and the cover is not more than 10, the hardness difference between the core and the cover is small. Therefore, the resulting golf ball has a suitable deformation amount when hitting, good shot feel, a suitable launch angle (from 11.3 to 12.8°) and a suitable spin amount (from 2,200 to 2,900 rpm). The cover may be generally formed from an ionomer which is known to the art and has been used for the cover of solid golf balls, or may optionally contain other resins in a small amount. [0018]
  • The cover used in the present invention may optionally contain pigments (such as titanium dioxide, etc.), and the other additives such as a UV absorber, a photostabilizer and a fluorescent agent or a fluorescent brightener, etc., in addition to the resin component, as long as the addition of the additives does not deteriorate the desired performance of the golf ball cover, but an amount of the pigment is preferably from 0.1 to 0.5 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the cover resin. [0019]
  • The cover layer of the present invention is formed by a conventional method for forming golf ball cover well known in the art, such as injection molding, pressure molding and the like. [0020]
  • In the present invention, the cover thus formed has a thickness of 1.0 to 2.1 mm, preferably 1.2 to 1.9 mm, and a JIS-C hardness of 75 to 95, preferably 80 to 92. When the thickness of the cover is smaller than 1.0 mm, the cover is too thin to exhibit a sufficient properties of the cover. On the other hand, when the thickness is larger than 2.1 mm, the cover is too thick to exhibit a sufficient properties of the core. When the JIS-C hardness of the cover is smaller than 75, the resulting golf ball is too soft. Therefore, the rebound characteristics are degraded to reduce flight distance. On the other hand, when the hardness is larger than 95, the resulting golf ball is too hard. Therefore, controllability at approach shot or shot feel are degraded. Further, the cover preferably has a flexural modulus of 800 to 1,800 kgf/cm[0021] 2. When the flexural modulus of the cover is smaller than 800 kgf/cm2, the resulting golf ball is too soft. Therefore, flight distance reduces and shot feel is degraded. On the other hand, when the flexural modulus is larger than 1,800 kgf/cm2, the resulting golf ball is too hard. Therefore, controllability at approach shot or shot feel is degraded.
  • The cover used in the golf ball of the present invention has a JIS-C hardness of 75 to 95, which is smaller than that of conventional ionomer covers (about 100). If the cover is made soft, the rebound characteristics of the resulting golf ball are generally degraded. However, according to the present invention, the thickness of the cover is reduced to the range of 1.0 to 2.1 mm (conventional cover thickness being from about 2.0 to 2.3 mm) in order to restrain rebound characteristics from degrading and improve shot feel. In the conventional golf balls, a hardness difference between the core surface and the cover was not less than 15 (core surface hardness being 70 to 85). In the present invention, a surface hardness of the core increases and the cover is made thin and soft, so that the hardness difference between the cover and the core surface is adjusted to not more 10 by JIS-C hardness. [0022]
  • When forming a cover on the core, many depressions called “dimples” are generally formed on the surface of the golf ball. The dimples are preferably comprised of two or more types, and are present 330 to 450 in number. If the number of dimples is outside of the above range, the resulting golf ball does not create parabolic trajectory when hitting to reduce flight distance. In the golf ball of the present invention, paint finishing or marking stamp may be optionally provided on the surface after cover forming for serving commercial sell. [0023]
  • EXAMPLES
  • The following Examples and Comparative Examples further illustrate the present invention in detail but are not to be construed to limit the scope thereof. [0024]
  • Production of Cores
  • Each spherical solid core was prepared by mixing the ingredients for core described in Tables 1 to 2 and press-molding the mixture at the molding condition described therein. [0025]
  • A JIS-C hardness distribution from the center point to the surface of the resulting core was determined, and the results are shown in Tables 1 to 2. Diameter and deformation amount when applying from an initial load of 10 kgf to a final load of 130 kgf were determined, and the results are shown in Tables 1 to 2. The test methods are as follows. [0026]
    TABLE 1
    Kind I II III
    Ingredients
    Butadiene rubber *1 100 100 100
    Zinc acrylate 34 34 34
    Zinc oxide 18 16 14
    Antioxidant *2 0.5 0.5 0.5
    Dicumyl peroxide 1.2 1.2 1.2
    Molding condition 156 × 20 156 × 20 156 × 20
    (° C. × minutes) +170 × 8  +170 × 8 +170 × 8 
    Diameter (mm) 38.2 39.0 39.6
    Deformation amount 2.4 2.6 2.8
    (mm)
    Hardness distribution
    Center point 65 65 65
    5 mm from the center point 75 75 74
    10 mm from the center point 78 79 80
    15 mm from the center point 84 86 85
    Surface 88 88 90
  • [0027]
    TABLE 2
    Kind IV V VI
    Ingredients 100 100 100
    Butadiene rubber *1 34 25 34
    Zinc acrylate 16 20 9
    Zinc oxide 0.5 0.5 0.5
    Antioxidant *2 1.2 1.2 1.4
    Dicumyl peroxide
    Molding condition 140 × 40 156 × 20 156 × 20
    (° C. × minutes) +170 × 8 +170 × 8 
    Diameter (mm) 39.0 39.0 40.2
    Deformation amount (mm) 2.2 3.5 2.7
    Hardness distribution
    Center point 79 65 65
     5 mm from the center point 79 73 70
    10 mm from the center point 79 76 79
    15 mm from the center point 79 80 86
    Surface 70 78 91
  • Examples 1 to 4 and Comparative Examples 1 to 5
  • A cover layer was formed by injection molding the cover ingredients described in Table 3 on the resulting cores I to V. Then, a paint was applied on the cover layer to produce each solid golf ball. [0028]
    TABLE 3
    Ingredients A B C D
    Hi-milan 1605 *3  5 25 50
    Hi-milan 1706 *4 25 50
    Hi-milan 1555 *5  5 10
    Hi-milan 1855 *6 95 85 50
    Titanium dioxide  2  2  2  2
    JIS-C hardness 83 87 97 -*7
    Shore D hardness (56) (59) (66) (69)
    Flexural modulus 1000  1300  2500  3500 
    (kgf/cm2)
  • [0029]
    Hardness Flexural modulus***
    Kind JIS-C* Shore D** (kgf/cm2)
    Hi-milan 1605 97 67 3700
    Hi-milan 1706 96 66 3300
    Hi-milan 1555 91 62 2500
    Hi-milan 1855 83 56  900
  • For the resulting golf balls, flight performance (launch angle, spin amount and carry) when hitting by a driver (a No. 1 wood club), controllability at approach shot and shot feel were measured or evaluated, and the results are shown in Tables 4 to 6. The test methods are as follows. [0030]
  • Test Method
  • (1) Flight Performance [0031]
  • After a driver was mounted to a swing robot manufactured by True Temper Co. and a golf ball was hit at a head speed of 45 m/second, the launch angle, spin amount and flight distance were measured. The spin amount was measured by continuously taking a photograph of a mark provided on the hit golf ball using a high-speed camera. As the flight distances, a carry which was a distance to the dropping point of the hit golf ball was measured. [0032]
  • (2) Controllability [0033]
  • The controllability at approach shot (40 yards) of the golf ball was evaluated by 10 professional golfers according to a practical hitting test using a sand wedge. The evaluation criteria are as follows. [0034]
  • Evaluation Criteria
  • o: Not less than 8 out of 10 golfers felt that the golf ball is easily controlled. [0035]
  • Δ: From 4 to 7 out of 10 golfers felt that the golf ball is easily controlled. [0036]
  • x: Not more than 3 out of 10 golfers felt that the golf ball is easily controlled. [0037]
  • (2) Shot feel [0038]
  • The shot feel of the golf ball is evaluated by 10 professional golfers according to a practical hitting test using a driver (a No. 1 wood club). The evaluation criteria are as follows. [0039]
  • Evaluation Criteria
  • o: Not less than 8 out of 10 golfers felt that the golf ball has good shot feel. [0040]
  • Δ: From 4 to 7 out of 10 golfers felt that the golf ball has good shot feel. [0041]
  • x: Not more than 3 out of 10 golfers felt that the golf ball has good shot feel. [0042]
    TABLE 4
    Example No. 1 2 3 4
    Core formulation II II III VI
    Cover formulation A B B B
    Diameter of golf ball 42.7 42.7 42.7 42.7
    (mm)
    Weight of golf ball (g) 45.4 45.4 45.4 45.4
    Flight performance
    (W#1)
    Launch angle (°) 11.8 12.0 12.3 12.5
    Spin amount (rpm) 2700    2600    2500    2400   
    Flight distance (yard) 254   255   256   257  
    Controllability at
    approach shot (40 yards)
    Shot feel
  • [0043]
    TABLE 5
    Comparative example No. 1 2 3
    Core formulation I IV V
    Cover formulation B B B
    Diameter of golf ball (mm) 42.7 42.7 42.7
    Weight of golf ball (g) 45.4 45.4 45.4
    Flight performance (W#1)
    Launch angle (°) 11.2 11.0 11.8
    Spin amount (rpm) 3000    3100    2500   
    Flight distance (yard) 250   251   248  
    Controllability at
    approach shot (40 yards)
    Shot feel X Δ
  • [0044]
    TABLE 6
    Comparative example No. 4 5
    Core formulation II II
    Cover formulation C D
    Diameter of golf ball (mm) 42.7 42.7
    Weight of golf ball (g) 45.4 45.4
    Flight performance (W#1)
    Launch angle (°) 12.4 12.5
    Spin amount (rpm) 2300    1900   
    Flight distance (yard) 255   255  
    Controllability at X X
    approach shot (40 yards)
    Shot feel X X
  • As is apparent from Table 4 to Table 6, the golf balls of Examples 1 to 4 showed excellent flight performance when hit by a driver and good controllability at approach shot (40 yards), and good shot feel. [0045]

Claims (3)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A solid golf ball comprising a core and a cover formed on the core, wherein
    the cover has a thickness of 1.0 to 2.1 mm and a JIS-C hardness of 75 to 95,
    the core is formed from a rubber composition comprising 100 parts by weight of cis-1,4-polybutadiene rubber and 30 to 40 parts by weight of metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid, and
    a JIS-C hardness difference between a surface of the core and the cover is not more than 10.
  2. 2. The solid golf ball according to
    claim 1
    , wherein the core has a hardness distribution substantially linearly increasing from the center point to the surface of the core, a JIS-C hardness difference between the center point and the surface of the core of not less than 15, and a deformation amount of 2.3 to 3.2 mm, when applying from an initial load of 10 kgf to a final load of 130 kgf on the core.
  3. 3. The solid golf ball according to
    claim 1
    , wherein the cover has a flexural modulus of 800 to 1,800 kgf/cm2.
US08925677 1996-09-09 1997-09-09 Solid golf ball Expired - Lifetime US6302810B2 (en)

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JP8-237715 1996-09-09
JP237715/1996 1996-09-09

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USRE45470E1 (en) 2000-03-15 2015-04-14 Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd. Two-piece solid golf ball

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US6302810B2 (en) 2001-10-16 grant
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GB9719177D0 (en) 1997-11-12 grant

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