New! View global litigation for patent families

US20010000083A1 - Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch - Google Patents

Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20010000083A1
US20010000083A1 US09726679 US72667900A US2001000083A1 US 20010000083 A1 US20010000083 A1 US 20010000083A1 US 09726679 US09726679 US 09726679 US 72667900 A US72667900 A US 72667900A US 2001000083 A1 US2001000083 A1 US 2001000083A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
web
cache
objects
embedded
client
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US09726679
Other versions
US6442651B2 (en )
Inventor
Doug Crow
Bert Bonkowski
Harold Czegledi
Tim Jenks
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Symantec Corp
Original Assignee
Doug Crow
Bert Bonkowski
Harold Czegledi
Tim Jenks
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRICAL DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor
    • G06F17/30861Retrieval from the Internet, e.g. browsers
    • G06F17/30899Browsing optimisation
    • G06F17/30902Browsing optimisation of access to content, e.g. by caching

Abstract

The invention provides a method and system for reducing latency in reviewing and presenting web documents to the user. A cache coupled to one or more web clients request web documents from web servers on behalf of those web clients and communicates those web documents to the web clients for display. The cache parses the web documents as they are received from the web server, identifies references to any embedded objects, and determines if those embedded objects are already maintained in the cache. If those embedded objects are not in the cache, the cache automatically pre-fetches those embedded objects from the web server without need for a command from the web client. The cache maintains a two-level memory including primary memory and secondary mass storage. At the time the web document is received, the cache determines if any embedded objects are maintained in the cache but are not in primary memory. If those embedded objects are not in primary memory, the cache automatically pre-fetches those embedded objects from secondary mass storage to primary memory without need for a request from the web client. Web documents maintained in the cache are periodically refreshed, so as to assure those web documents are not stale. The invention is applied both to original requests to communicate web documents and their embedded objects from the web server to the web client, and to refresh requests to communicate web documents and their embedded objects from the web server to the cache.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [1]
    1. 1. Field of the Invention
  • [2]
    2. This invention relates to caches.
  • [3]
    3. 2. Related Art
  • [4]
    4. When presenting and reviewing data using a web browser or web client, that is, a client program for the web (the “World Wide Web”) such as Netscape Corporation's “Navigator” product or Microsoft Corporation's “Internet Explorer” product, it is desirable to present the data with as little delay as possible. If the user of the web client has to wait too long for the data to be displayed, this can lead to user dissatisfaction.
  • [5]
    5. Some web clients access the web using a proxy cache, that is, a device for requesting web documents on behalf of the web client and for caching those web documents for possible later use. The proxy cache acts to reduce the amount of communication bandwidth used between the web client and web servers. A proxy cache can be shared by more than one web client, in which case it acts to reduce the total amount of communication bandwidth used between all of its web clients and web servers. One advantage of the proxy cache is that web documents stored in cache can be accessed more quickly than re-requesting those web documents from their originating web server.
  • [6]
    6. One problem in the art is that a document requested by the web client (a “web document”) can include, in addition to text and directions for display, embedded objects which are to be displayed with the web document. Embedded objects can include pictures, such as data in GIF or JPEG format, other multimedia data, such as animation, audio (such as streaming audio), movies, video (such as streaming video), program fragments, such as Java, Javascript, or ActiveX, or other web documents, such as when using frames. The web client must parse the web document to determine the embedded objects, and then request the embedded objects from the web server.
  • [7]
    7. While using a proxy cache ameliorates this problem somewhat, the problem persists. If there are many embedded objects in the web document, it can take substantial time to identify, request, communicate, and display all of them. Parsing and requesting embedded objects by the web client is serial, and most web clients are set to request only a small number of embedded objects at a time. Web clients requesting embedded objects perform this task in parallel with rendering those objects for display, further slowing operation.
  • [8]
    8. Moreover, known proxy caches use a two-level memory having both primary memory and secondary mass storage. Even those embedded objects already maintained in the cache, and thus accessible by the web client without requesting them from the web server, might have been dropped out of the primary memory to secondary mass storage, possibly delaying communication of the embedded objects from the proxy cache to the web client and thus delaying display of those embedded objects to the user.
  • [9]
    9. Accordingly, it would be advantageous to provide a method and system for reducing latency in reviewing and presenting web documents to the user. This advantage is achieved in a system in which web documents are parsed by a cache for references to embedded objects, and those embedded objects are pre-fetched from the web server or pre-loaded from secondary mass storage by the cache before they are requested by the web client.
  • [10]
    10. Teachings of the art include (1) the known principle of computer science that devices work better when they are indifferent to the nature of the data they process, and (2) the known principle of client-server systems that it is advantageous to assign processing-intensive tasks to clients, rather than to servers, whenever possible. The invention is counter to the first teaching, as the cache alters its behavior in response to its parsing of the web documents it receives for communication to the client. The invention is also counter to the second teaching, as the cache takes on the additional processing tasks of parsing the web document for embedded objects and, if necessary, independently requesting those embedded objects from the web server.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [11]
    11. The invention provides a method and system for reducing latency in reviewing and presenting web documents to the user. A cache coupled to one or more web clients request web documents from web servers on behalf of those web clients and communicates those web documents to the web clients for display. The cache parses the web documents as they are received from the web server, identifies references to any embedded objects, and determines if those embedded objects are already maintained in the cache. If those embedded objects are not in the cache, the cache automatically pre-fetches those embedded objects from the web server without need for a command from the web client.
  • [12]
    12. In a preferred embodiment, the cache maintains a two-level memory including primary memory and secondary mass storage. At the time the web document is received, the cache determines if any embedded objects are maintained in the cache but are not in primary memory. If those embedded objects are not in primary memory, the cache automatically pre-loads those embedded objects from secondary mass storage to primary memory without need for a request from the web client.
  • [13]
    13. In a preferred embodiment, web documents maintained in the cache are periodically refreshed, so as to assure those web documents are not “stale” (changed at the web server but not at the cache). The invention is applied both to original requests to communicate web documents and their embedded objects from the web server to the web client, and to refresh requests to communicate web documents and their embedded objects from the web server to the cache.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [14]
    14.FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of a system for shared cache parsing and pre-fetch.
  • [15]
    15.FIG. 2 shows a flow diagram of a method for shared cache parsing and pre-fetch.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • [16]
    16. In the following description, a preferred embodiment of the invention is described with regard to preferred process steps and data structures. Those skilled in the art would recognize after perusal of this application that embodiments of the invention can be implemented using one or more general purpose processors or special purpose processors or other circuits adapted to particular process steps and data structures described herein, and that implementation of the process steps and data structures described herein would not require undue experimentation or further invention.
  • [17]
    17. Inventions disclosed herein can be used in conjunction with inventions disclosed in one or more of the following patent applications:
  • [18]
    18. Provisional U.S. Application 60/048,986, filed Jun. 9, 1997, in the name of inventors Michael Malcolm and Robert Zarnke, titled “Network Object Cache Engine”, assigned to CacheFlow, Inc., attorney docket number CASH-001.
  • [19]
    19. U.S. application Ser. No. 08/959,058, filed this same day, in the name of inventors Michael Malcolm and Ian Telford, titled “Adaptive Active Cache Refresh”, assigned to CacheFlow, Inc., attorney docket number CASH-003.
  • [20]
    20. These applications are referred to herein as the “Cache Disclosures,” and are hereby incorporated by reference as if fully set forth herein.
  • [21]
    21. System Elements
  • [22]
    22.FIG. 1 shows a block diagram of a system for shared cache parsing and pre-fetch.
  • [23]
    23. A system 100 includes a cache 110, at least one client device 120, and at least one server device 130. Each client device 120 is coupled to the cache 110 using a client communication path 121, such as a dial-up connection, a LAN (local area network), a WAN (wide area network), or some combination thereof. Similarly, each server device 130 is also coupled to the cache 110 using a server communication path 131, such as a dial-up connection, a LAN (local area network), a WAN (wide area network), or some combination thereof. In a preferred embodiment, the client communication path 121 includes a LAN, while the server communication path 131 includes a network of networks such as an internet or intranet.
  • [24]
    24. As used herein, the terms “client” and “server” refer to a relationship between the client or server and the cache 110, not necessarily to particular physical devices. As used herein, one “client device” 120 or one “server device” 130 can comprise any of the following: (a) a single physical device capable of executing software which bears a client or server relationship to the cache 110; (b) a portion of a physical device, such as a software process or set of software processes capable of executing on one hardware device, which portion of the physical device bears a client or server relationship to the cache 110; or (c) a plurality of physical devices, or portions thereof, capable of cooperating to form a logical entity which bears a client or server relationship to the cache 110. The phrases “client device” 120 and “server device” 130 refer to such logical entities and not necessarily to particular individual physical devices.
  • [25]
    25. The server device 130 includes memory or storage 132 having a web document 133, the web document 133 including references to at least one embedded object 134. In a preferred embodiment, the web document 133 can include text and directions for display. The embedded object 134 can include pictures, such as data in GIF or JPEG format, other multimedia data, such as animation, audio (such as streaming audio), movies, video (such as streaming video), program fragments, such as Java, Javascript, or ActiveX, or other web documents, such as when using frames.
  • [26]
    26. The cache 110 includes a processor 111, program and data memory 112, and mass storage 113. The cache 110 maintains a first set of web objects 114 in the memory 112 and a second set of web objects 114 in the storage 113. (Web objects 114 can comprise web documents 133 or embedded objects 134 or both.)
  • [27]
    27. In a preferred embodiment, the cache 110 includes a cache device such as described in the Cache Disclosures defined herein, hereby incorporated by reference as if fully set forth therein.
  • [28]
    28. The cache 110 receives requests from the client device 120 for a web object 114 and determines if that web object 114 is present at the cache 110, either in the memory 112 or in the storage 113. If the web object 114 is present in the memory 112, the cache 110 transmits the web object 114 to the client device 120 using the client communication path 121. If the web object 114 is present in the storage 113 but not in the memory 112, the cache 110 loads the web object 114 into the memory 112 from the storage 113, and proceeds as in the case when the web object 114 was originally present in the memory 112. If the web object 114 is not present in either the memory 112 or the storage 113, the cache 110 retrieves the web object 114 from the appropriate server device 130, places the web object 114 in the memory 112 and the storage 113, and proceeds as in the case when the web object 114 was originally present in the memory 112.
  • [29]
    29. Due to the principle of locality of reference, it is expected that the cache 110 will achieve a substantial “hit rate,” in which many requests from the client device 120 for web objects 114 will be for those web objects 114 already maintained by the cache 110, reducing the need for requests to the server device 130 using the server communication path 131.
  • [30]
    30. The cache 110 parses each web object 114 as it is received from the server device 130, separately and in parallel to any web client program operating at the client device 120. If the web object 114 is a web document 133 that includes at least one reference to embedded objects 134, the cache 110 identifies those references and those embedded objects 134, and determines if those embedded objects 134 are already maintained in the cache 110, either in the memory 112 or the storage 113.
  • [31]
    31. If those embedded objects 134 are not in the cache 110 at all, the cache 110 automatically, without need for a command from the web client, requests those embedded objects 134 from the server device 130.
  • [32]
    32. The cache 110 has a relatively numerous set of connections to the server communication path 131, and so is able to request a relatively numerous set of embedded objects 134 in parallel from the server device 130. Moreover, the cache 110 parses the web document 133 and requests embedded objects 134 in parallel with the web client at the client device 120 also parsing the web document 133 and requesting embedded objects 134. The embedded objects 134 are available to the cache 110, and thus to the client device 120, much more quickly.
  • [33]
    33. If those embedded objects 134 are maintained in the cache 110, but they are in the storage 113 and not in the memory 112, the cache 110 automatically, without need for a command from the web client, loads those embedded objects 134 from the storage 113 into the memory 112.
  • [34]
    34. In a preferred embodiment, those web objects 114 maintained in the cache 110 are periodically refreshed, so as to assure those web objects 114 are not “stale” (changed at the server device 130 but not at the cache 110). To refresh web objects 114, the cache 110 selects one web object 114 for refresh and transmits a request to the server device 130 for that web object 114. The server device 130 can respond with a copy of the web object 114, or can respond with a message that the web object 114 has not changed since the most recent copy of the web object 114 was placed in the cache 110. If the web object 114 has in fact changed, the cache 110 proceeds as in the case when a client device 120 requested a new web object 114 not maintained in the cache 110 at all. If the web object 114 has in fact not changed, the cache 110 updates its information on the relative freshness of the web object 114, as further described in the Cache Disclosures.
  • [35]
    35. Method of Operation
  • [36]
    36.FIG. 2 shows a flow diagram of a method for shared cache parsing and pre-fetch.
  • [37]
    37. A method 200 includes a set of flow points to be noted, and steps to be executed, cooperatively by the system 100, including the cache 110, the client device 120, and the server device 130.
  • [38]
    38. At a flow point 210, the client device 120 is ready to request a web document 133 from the server device 130. For example, the web document 133 can comprise an HTML page having a set of embedded objects 134.
  • [39]
    39. At a step 221, the client device 120 transmits a request for the web document 133, using the client communication path 121, to the cache 110.
  • [40]
    40. At a step 222, the cache 110 determines if that web document 133 is located in the memory 112 at the cache 110. If so, the cache 110 proceeds with the step 225. Otherwise, the cache 110 proceeds with the step 223.
  • [41]
    41. At a step 223, the cache 110 determines if that web document 133 is located in the storage 113 at the cache 110 (but not in the memory 112). If so, the cache 110 loads the web document 133 from the storage 113 into the memory 112, and proceeds with the step 225. Otherwise, the cache 110 proceeds with the step 224.
  • [42]
    42. At a step 224, the cache 110 transmits a request to the server device 130 for the web document 133. The server device 130 receives the request and transmits the web document 133 to the cache 110. The cache 110 stores the web document 133 in the memory 112 and the storage 113 and proceeds with the step 225.
  • [43]
    43. At a step 225, the cache 110 transmits the web document 133 to the client device 120 for display. In parallel, the cache 110 parses the web document 133 and determines if there are any references to embedded objects 134. If not, the cache 110 proceeds with the flow point 230. Otherwise, the cache proceeds with the step 226.
  • [44]
    44. At a step 226, the cache 110 identifies the embedded documents 134 and repeats the steps 222 through 226 inclusive (including repeating this step 226) for each such embedded document 134. Web documents 133 in “frame” format can refer to embedded documents 134 that are themselves web documents 133 and themselves refer to embedded documents 134, and so on. There is no prospect of an infinite loop if web document 133 is self-referential because the cache 110 will simply discover at the second reference that the web document 133 is already maintained in the cache 110.
  • [45]
    45. At a flow point 230, the web document 133 and all its embedded objects 134 have been transmitted to the client device 120 for display.
  • [46]
    46. When the cache 110 refreshes a web object 114, the cache 110 performs the steps 222 through 226 inclusive (including repeating the step 226) for the web object 114 and for each identified embedded object 134 associated with the web object 114.
  • [47]
    47. Alternative Embodiments
  • [48]
    48. Although preferred embodiments are disclosed herein, many variations are possible which remain within the concept, scope, and spirit of the invention, and these variations would become clear to those skilled in the art after perusal of this application.

Claims (9)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A method, including the steps of
    receiving web documents at a shared cache from a web server or mass storage for communicating said web documents to a web client for display;
    parsing said web documents for references to embedded objects;
    determining if said embedded objects are already maintained in said shared cache; and
    conditionally pre-fetching said embedded objects from said web server in response to said step of determining, without need for a command from said web client.
  2. 2. A method as in
    claim 1
    , including the steps of
    maintaining at said shared cache a two-level memory including primary memory and secondary mass storage;
    locating said embedded objects in said shared cache but not in said primary memory;
    conditionally pre-loading said embedded objects from said secondary mass storage into said primary memory in response to said step of locating, without need for a request from said web client.
  3. 3. A method as in
    claim 1
    , wherein said web documents include refresh copies of said web documents requested by said shared cache from said web server.
  4. 4. A system, including
    a shared cache coupled to at least one web server and coupled to a plurality of web clients, said shared cache being capable of receiving requests for web documents from said web clients, requesting said web documents from said web server or mass storage, receiving said web documents from said web server or mass storage, and communicating said web documents to said web clients;
    said shared cache including
    means for parsing said web documents for references to embedded objects;
    means for determining if said embedded objects are already maintained in said shared cache; and
    means for conditionally pre-fetching said embedded objects from said web server in response to said means for determining, without need for a command from said web client.
  5. 5. A system as in
    claim 4
    , including
    a two-level memory at said shared cache, said two-level memory including primary memory and secondary mass storage;
    means for locating said embedded objects in said shared cache but not in said primary memory; and
    means for conditionally pre-loading said embedded objects from said secondary mass storage into said primary memory in response to said means for locating, without need for a request from said web client.
  6. 6. A system as in
    claim 4
    , wherein said web documents include refresh copies of said web documents requested by said shared cache from said web server.
  7. 7. A shared cache, including
    means for parsing said web documents, said web documents being received from a web server or from mass storage, for references to embedded objects;
    means for determining if said embedded objects are already maintained in said shared cache; and
    means for conditionally pre-fetching said embedded objects from said web server in response to said means for determining, without need for a command from said web client.
  8. 8. A cache as in
    claim 7
    , including
    a two-level memory at said shared cache, said two-level memory including primary memory and secondary mass storage;
    means for locating said embedded objects in said shared cache but not in said primary memory; and
    means for conditionally pre-loading said embedded objects from said secondary mass storage into said primary memory in response to said means for locating, without need for a request from said web client.
  9. 9. A cache as in
    claim 7
    , wherein said web documents include refresh copies of said web documents requested by said shared cache from said web server.
US09726679 1997-10-28 2000-11-29 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch Expired - Lifetime US6442651B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08959313 US6393526B1 (en) 1997-10-28 1997-10-28 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch
US09726679 US6442651B2 (en) 1997-10-28 2000-11-29 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09726679 US6442651B2 (en) 1997-10-28 2000-11-29 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20010000083A1 true true US20010000083A1 (en) 2001-03-29
US6442651B2 US6442651B2 (en) 2002-08-27

Family

ID=25501906

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08959313 Expired - Lifetime US6393526B1 (en) 1997-10-28 1997-10-28 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch
US09726679 Expired - Lifetime US6442651B2 (en) 1997-10-28 2000-11-29 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08959313 Expired - Lifetime US6393526B1 (en) 1997-10-28 1997-10-28 Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (2) US6393526B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999022316A1 (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6393526B1 (en) 1997-10-28 2002-05-21 Cache Plan, Inc. Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch
US6715037B2 (en) 1998-07-31 2004-03-30 Blue Coat Systems, Inc. Multiple cache communication and uncacheable objects
US20050120061A1 (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-06-02 Kraft Frank M. Updating and maintaining data in a multi-system network using asynchronous message transfer
EP1540498A2 (en) * 2002-09-16 2005-06-15 Network Appliance, Inc. Apparatus and method for proxy cache
US20060123425A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-08 Karempudi Ramarao Method and apparatus for high-speed processing of structured application messages in a network device
US20060129650A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Ricky Ho Guaranteed delivery of application layer messages by a network element
USRE39306E1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-26 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Optical disc device
US20060288208A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2006-12-21 Vinod Dashora Method and apparatus for adaptive application message payload content transformation in a network infrastructure element
US20070005801A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2007-01-04 Sandeep Kumar Identity brokering in a network element
US7552223B1 (en) 2002-09-16 2009-06-23 Netapp, Inc. Apparatus and method for data consistency in a proxy cache
US20100094945A1 (en) * 2004-11-23 2010-04-15 Cisco Technology, Inc. Caching content and state data at a network element
US20100235473A1 (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-16 Sandisk Il Ltd. System and method of embedding second content in first content
US20110185004A1 (en) * 2000-12-06 2011-07-28 Parallel Networks, Llc Method and system for adaptive prefetching
US8463802B2 (en) 2010-08-19 2013-06-11 Sandisk Il Ltd. Card-based management of discardable files
US8549229B2 (en) 2010-08-19 2013-10-01 Sandisk Il Ltd. Systems and methods for managing an upload of files in a shared cache storage system
WO2014085728A1 (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-05 Microsoft Corporation Unified search result service and cache update
US8788849B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2014-07-22 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Method and apparatus for protecting cached streams
US20140317230A1 (en) * 2006-08-07 2014-10-23 Unwired Planet, Llc Cache based enhancement to optimization protocol
US20150007057A1 (en) * 2013-07-01 2015-01-01 Cisco Technlogy, Inc. System and Method for Application Sharing
US9015209B2 (en) 2008-12-16 2015-04-21 Sandisk Il Ltd. Download management of discardable files
US9020993B2 (en) 2008-12-16 2015-04-28 Sandisk Il Ltd. Download management of discardable files
US9104686B2 (en) 2008-12-16 2015-08-11 Sandisk Technologies Inc. System and method for host management of discardable objects
US20150256642A1 (en) * 2008-08-25 2015-09-10 Google Inc. Parallel, Side-Effect Based DNS Pre-Caching

Families Citing this family (111)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7007072B1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2006-02-28 Storage Technology Corporation Method and system for efficiently storing web pages for quick downloading at a remote device
US20010044850A1 (en) 1998-07-22 2001-11-22 Uri Raz Method and apparatus for determining the order of streaming modules
US20020138640A1 (en) * 1998-07-22 2002-09-26 Uri Raz Apparatus and method for improving the delivery of software applications and associated data in web-based systems
US7197570B2 (en) * 1998-07-22 2007-03-27 Appstream Inc. System and method to send predicted application streamlets to a client device
WO2000077999A3 (en) * 1999-06-10 2001-04-26 Entera Inc Method and apparatus for dynamic proxy reflecting of streaming content
JP3485252B2 (en) * 1999-06-16 2004-01-13 インターナショナル・ビジネス・マシーンズ・コーポレーション An information processing method, an information terminal support server, the collaboration system, a storage medium storing an information processing program
US7343412B1 (en) * 1999-06-24 2008-03-11 International Business Machines Corporation Method for maintaining and managing dynamic web pages stored in a system cache and referenced objects cached in other data stores
US6832222B1 (en) * 1999-06-24 2004-12-14 International Business Machines Corporation Technique for ensuring authorized access to the content of dynamic web pages stored in a system cache
GB2394816B (en) * 1999-10-18 2004-08-11 Fisher Rosemount Systems Inc Accessing and updating a configuration database from distributed physical locations within a process control system
US6687698B1 (en) 1999-10-18 2004-02-03 Fisher Rosemount Systems, Inc. Accessing and updating a configuration database from distributed physical locations within a process control system
EP1096755A1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2001-05-02 Alcatel Alsthom Compagnie Generale D'electricite Method to provide information in an internet telecommunication network
US7127674B1 (en) * 1999-11-30 2006-10-24 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for managing documents having formula based documents links
US7340499B1 (en) * 1999-12-03 2008-03-04 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Dynamic embedding of literal object data in supplied instance of information object
US8291007B2 (en) * 2000-02-22 2012-10-16 Flash Networks Ltd System and method to accelerate client/server interactions using predictive requests
GB0005653D0 (en) * 2000-03-09 2000-05-03 Avantis Ltd Computer network
US6854018B1 (en) * 2000-03-20 2005-02-08 Nec Corporation System and method for intelligent web content fetch and delivery of any whole and partial undelivered objects in ascending order of object size
EP1143350A1 (en) * 2000-04-03 2001-10-10 Koninklijke PTT Nederland N.V. A method and a system for retrieving data of a data network
US6965924B1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2005-11-15 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and system for transparent file proxying
US7007237B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2006-02-28 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for accessing web pages in the background
US20050055426A1 (en) * 2000-06-12 2005-03-10 Kim Smith System, method and computer program product that pre-caches content to provide timely information to a user
US6675212B1 (en) * 2000-06-12 2004-01-06 Gateway, Inc. Method and apparatus for efficient data browsing
US6848076B1 (en) * 2000-06-22 2005-01-25 International Business Machines Corporation Automatic fetching and storage of requested primary and related documents or files at receiving web stations after repeated failures to access such documents or files from the World Wide Web
US20020054987A1 (en) * 2000-06-22 2002-05-09 Yasuo Yamamoto Microporous stencil sheet and application thereof
US20040044731A1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2004-03-04 Kailai Chen System and method for optimizing internet applications
US7571217B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2009-08-04 Parallel Networks, Llc Method and system for uniform resource locator transformation
EP1410215A4 (en) * 2000-08-22 2006-10-11 Akamai Tech Inc Dynamic content assembly on edge-of-network servers in a content delivery network
US7039683B1 (en) 2000-09-25 2006-05-02 America Online, Inc. Electronic information caching
US7051315B2 (en) 2000-09-26 2006-05-23 Appstream, Inc. Network streaming of multi-application program code
US7222088B2 (en) * 2000-11-02 2007-05-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Service system
US7313622B2 (en) * 2000-11-08 2007-12-25 [X+1] Solutions, Inc. Online system and method for dynamic segmentation and content presentation
US6795848B1 (en) * 2000-11-08 2004-09-21 Hughes Electronics Corporation System and method of reading ahead of objects for delivery to an HTTP proxy server
US20040044645A1 (en) * 2000-12-13 2004-03-04 Fabio Palumbo Method for delivering data or code segments to a local computer in a distributed computer network
CN1269063C (en) * 2001-02-12 2006-08-09 皇家菲利浦电子有限公司 Method and device for outputting audio-visual signals
US7266503B2 (en) * 2001-03-22 2007-09-04 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for generating a company group user profile
JP4028187B2 (en) * 2001-05-07 2007-12-26 本田技研工業株式会社 A computer system that provides a web page that is suitable to the user.
US7159014B2 (en) * 2001-06-04 2007-01-02 Fineground Networks Method and system for efficient and automated version management of embedded objects in web documents
CN1513142A (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-07-14 Nct集团公司 System and method for modifying a data stream using element parsing
US7444662B2 (en) * 2001-06-28 2008-10-28 Emc Corporation Video file server cache management using movie ratings for reservation of memory and bandwidth resources
US7610357B1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2009-10-27 Cisco Technology, Inc. Predictively responding to SNMP commands
KR100935586B1 (en) * 2001-08-27 2010-01-07 코닌클리케 필립스 일렉트로닉스 엔.브이. Cache method
US6892277B1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2005-05-10 Lsi Logic Corporation System and method for optimizing remote data content distribution
DE10151116A1 (en) * 2001-10-15 2003-05-08 Siemens Ag A method for starting a control and monitoring system of field devices
US7444393B2 (en) 2001-10-30 2008-10-28 Keicy K. Chung Read-only storage device having network interface, a system including the device, and a method of distributing files over a network
US20030110218A1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-06-12 Stanley Randy P. Local caching of images for on-line conferencing programs
US7340521B1 (en) * 2002-04-02 2008-03-04 Blue Coat Systems, Inc. Method for routing a request over a network to a content source that can most advantageous serve the request
US6751709B2 (en) * 2002-05-15 2004-06-15 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for prefetching objects into an object cache
FR2841079B1 (en) * 2002-06-14 2005-02-25 Canal Plus Technologies html applying diffusion Method
GB2391963B (en) * 2002-08-14 2004-12-01 Flyingspark Ltd Method and apparatus for preloading caches
US7284030B2 (en) * 2002-09-16 2007-10-16 Network Appliance, Inc. Apparatus and method for processing data in a network
US7975043B2 (en) 2003-02-25 2011-07-05 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for monitoring a network
US20040167977A1 (en) * 2003-02-25 2004-08-26 Douglas Christopher Paul Method and system for monitoring streaming media flow
US20040167981A1 (en) * 2003-02-25 2004-08-26 Douglas Christopher Paul Method and system for monitoring relationships between content devices in a content delivery network
US20040255008A1 (en) * 2003-04-21 2004-12-16 International Business Machines Corporation System for low power operation of wireless LAN
US7260539B2 (en) * 2003-04-25 2007-08-21 At&T Corp. System for low-latency animation of talking heads
US7069351B2 (en) * 2003-06-02 2006-06-27 Chung Keicy K Computer storage device having network interface
WO2004114529A3 (en) * 2003-06-16 2005-11-03 Mentat Inc Pre-fetch communication systems and methods
US8020086B2 (en) * 2003-11-12 2011-09-13 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Information processing method, information processing machine, and storage medium for processing document data that includes link information
US20050198395A1 (en) * 2003-12-29 2005-09-08 Pradeep Verma Reusable compressed objects
US7624160B2 (en) * 2004-05-04 2009-11-24 International Business Machines Corporation Methods, systems, and computer program products for client side prefetching and caching of portlets
US7752203B2 (en) 2004-08-26 2010-07-06 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for look ahead caching of personalized web content for portals
CN1783117A (en) * 2004-11-29 2006-06-07 国际商业机器公司 Cooperative system and method
US20060168151A1 (en) * 2005-01-04 2006-07-27 Umberto Caselli Method, system and computer program for retrieving information with reduced age in a periodic process
US9275052B2 (en) 2005-01-19 2016-03-01 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Providing annotations of a digital work
US8131647B2 (en) 2005-01-19 2012-03-06 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Method and system for providing annotations of a digital work
US8001456B2 (en) * 2005-02-28 2011-08-16 International Business Machines Corporation Methods for maintaining separation between markup and data at a client
US7694008B2 (en) * 2005-05-04 2010-04-06 Venturi Wireless Method and apparatus for increasing performance of HTTP over long-latency links
US8583827B2 (en) * 2005-05-26 2013-11-12 Citrix Systems, Inc. Dynamic data optimization in data network
US20070143242A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-21 Microsoft Corporation Disk-based cache
US8572495B2 (en) * 2005-12-15 2013-10-29 Microsoft Corporation Providing electronic distribution of filtered calendars
WO2007079192A3 (en) * 2005-12-30 2008-04-10 Akamai Tech Inc Site acceleration with content prefetching enabled through customer-specific configurations
US7647417B1 (en) * 2006-03-15 2010-01-12 Netapp, Inc. Object cacheability with ICAP
US8352449B1 (en) 2006-03-29 2013-01-08 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Reader device content indexing
WO2008021864A3 (en) 2006-08-08 2008-07-03 Wayport Inc Real-time, customized embedding of specific content into local webserver pages
US8725565B1 (en) 2006-09-29 2014-05-13 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Expedited acquisition of a digital item following a sample presentation of the item
US9672533B1 (en) 2006-09-29 2017-06-06 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Acquisition of an item based on a catalog presentation of items
US8942182B2 (en) * 2006-11-21 2015-01-27 Blackberry Limited Adjustable download rate for a portable electronic device
US9070114B2 (en) * 2006-11-21 2015-06-30 Blackberry Limited Method for receiving email attachment on a portable electronic device
US7865817B2 (en) 2006-12-29 2011-01-04 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Invariant referencing in digital works
US7751807B2 (en) 2007-02-12 2010-07-06 Oomble, Inc. Method and system for a hosted mobile management service architecture
US20080201332A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-08-21 Souders Steven K System and method for preloading content on the basis of user context
US8224769B2 (en) * 2007-03-05 2012-07-17 Microsoft Corporation Enterprise data as office content
US7716224B2 (en) 2007-03-29 2010-05-11 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Search and indexing on a user device
US9665529B1 (en) 2007-03-29 2017-05-30 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Relative progress and event indicators
US8234282B2 (en) 2007-05-21 2012-07-31 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Managing status of search index generation
US8145766B2 (en) * 2007-08-08 2012-03-27 Research In Motion Limited Method for pre-fetching data chunks of an email attachment on a portable electronic device
US8024400B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2011-09-20 Oomble, Inc. Method and system for transferring content from the web to mobile devices
US8042185B1 (en) 2007-09-27 2011-10-18 Netapp, Inc. Anti-virus blade
US8769185B2 (en) * 2007-10-23 2014-07-01 Keicy Chung Computer storage device having separate read-only space and read-write space, removable media component, system management interface, and network interface
US20090217145A1 (en) * 2008-02-27 2009-08-27 Actionthis Limited Methods and devices for post processing rendered web pages and handling requests of post processed web pages
US9087032B1 (en) 2009-01-26 2015-07-21 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Aggregation of highlights
US8378979B2 (en) 2009-01-27 2013-02-19 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Electronic device with haptic feedback
US8832584B1 (en) 2009-03-31 2014-09-09 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Questions on highlighted passages
US20100281224A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 International Buisness Machines Corporation Prefetching content from incoming messages
US8692763B1 (en) 2009-09-28 2014-04-08 John T. Kim Last screen rendering for electronic book reader
JP4915824B2 (en) * 2009-12-04 2012-04-11 シャープ株式会社 Network system, a content providing method, a server, a communication terminal, and a content obtaining method
US8473688B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2013-06-25 Microsoft Corporation Anticipatory response pre-caching
CN102331985B (en) 2010-07-12 2013-09-25 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Method and device for fragment nested caching of webpage
US9495322B1 (en) 2010-09-21 2016-11-15 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Cover display
US9465885B2 (en) * 2010-12-03 2016-10-11 Salesforce.Com, Inc. Method and system for providing information to a mobile handheld device from a database system
US9454607B1 (en) * 2010-12-10 2016-09-27 A9.Com, Inc. Image as database
CN102375882B (en) * 2011-09-19 2014-10-15 奇智软件(北京)有限公司 A method for quick access to web pages, devices, and one of these browsers
US9158741B1 (en) 2011-10-28 2015-10-13 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Indicators for navigating digital works
US9860332B2 (en) 2013-05-08 2018-01-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Caching architecture for packet-form in-memory object caching
US9826054B2 (en) 2013-06-21 2017-11-21 Kofax International Switzerland Sarl System and methods of pre-fetching content in one or more repositories
EP3011488A2 (en) * 2013-06-21 2016-04-27 Lexmark International Technology S.A. System and methods of managing content in one or more repositories
US9542274B2 (en) 2013-06-21 2017-01-10 Lexmark International Technology Sarl System and methods of managing content in one or more networked repositories during a network downtime condition
US9819721B2 (en) 2013-10-31 2017-11-14 Akamai Technologies, Inc. Dynamically populated manifests and manifest-based prefetching
US20150154163A1 (en) * 2013-12-02 2015-06-04 Airbnb, Inc. Third party assets merging for embedment into web pages
US20170011133A1 (en) * 2014-03-31 2017-01-12 Open Garden Inc. System and method for improving webpage loading speeds
WO2015196410A1 (en) 2014-06-26 2015-12-30 Google Inc. Optimized browser render process
KR101768181B1 (en) 2014-06-26 2017-08-16 구글 인코포레이티드 Optimized browser rendering process

Family Cites Families (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0496439B1 (en) 1991-01-15 1998-01-21 Philips Electronics N.V. Computer system with multi-buffer data cache and method therefor
US5649154A (en) * 1992-02-27 1997-07-15 Hewlett-Packard Company Cache memory system having secondary cache integrated with primary cache for use with VLSI circuits
US5452447A (en) 1992-12-21 1995-09-19 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for a caching file server
US5596744A (en) 1993-05-20 1997-01-21 Hughes Aircraft Company Apparatus and method for providing users with transparent integrated access to heterogeneous database management systems
US5664106A (en) 1993-06-04 1997-09-02 Digital Equipment Corporation Phase-space surface representation of server computer performance in a computer network
US5452440A (en) 1993-07-16 1995-09-19 Zitel Corporation Method and structure for evaluating and enhancing the performance of cache memory systems
US5598581A (en) 1993-08-06 1997-01-28 Cisco Sytems, Inc. Variable latency cut through bridge for forwarding packets in response to user's manual adjustment of variable latency threshold point while the bridge is operating
US5594911A (en) 1994-07-13 1997-01-14 Bell Communications Research, Inc. System and method for preprocessing and delivering multimedia presentations
US5715445A (en) * 1994-09-02 1998-02-03 Wolfe; Mark A. Document retrieval system employing a preloading procedure
US5802292A (en) * 1995-04-28 1998-09-01 Digital Equipment Corporation Method for predictive prefetching of information over a communications network
US5696932A (en) 1995-05-16 1997-12-09 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for estimating minumun requirements on a cache in a computer based storage system
US5596774A (en) 1995-06-15 1997-01-28 Howard; Frederick T. Self cleaning toilet
US5860106A (en) 1995-07-13 1999-01-12 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for dynamically adjusting power/performance characteristics of a memory subsystem
US5826253A (en) 1995-07-26 1998-10-20 Borland International, Inc. Database system with methodology for notifying clients of any additions, deletions, or modifications occurring at the database server which affect validity of a range of data records cached in local memory buffers of clients
US5752022A (en) * 1995-08-07 1998-05-12 International Business Machines Corp. Method for creating a hypertext language for a distributed computer network
US5964830A (en) 1995-08-22 1999-10-12 Durrett; Charles M. User portal device for the world wide web to communicate with a website server
US5778168A (en) 1995-09-11 1998-07-07 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Transaction device driver technique for a journaling file system to ensure atomicity of write operations to a computer mass storage device
JPH09231242A (en) 1995-09-14 1997-09-05 Sony Corp Terminal equipment placed in network and information recording medium that can be read by the terminal equipment
US5781785A (en) 1995-09-26 1998-07-14 Adobe Systems Inc Method and apparatus for providing an optimized document file of multiple pages
US5948062A (en) 1995-10-27 1999-09-07 Emc Corporation Network file server using a cached disk array storing a network file directory including file locking information and data mover computers each having file system software for shared read-write file access
US6012085A (en) 1995-11-30 2000-01-04 Stampede Technolgies, Inc. Apparatus and method for increased data access in a network file object oriented caching system
US5822539A (en) * 1995-12-08 1998-10-13 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System for adding requested document cross references to a document by annotation proxy configured to merge and a directory generator and annotation server
US5819045A (en) 1995-12-29 1998-10-06 Intel Corporation Method for determining a networking capability index for each of a plurality of networked computers and load balancing the computer network using the networking capability indices
US5859971A (en) 1996-02-15 1999-01-12 International Business Machines Corp. Differencing client/server communication system for use with CGI forms
US5864852A (en) 1996-04-26 1999-01-26 Netscape Communications Corporation Proxy server caching mechanism that provides a file directory structure and a mapping mechanism within the file directory structure
US5905999A (en) * 1996-04-29 1999-05-18 International Business Machines Corporation Cache sub-array arbitration
US5935213A (en) 1996-05-02 1999-08-10 Fore Systems, Inc. System and method for generating explicit rate value information for flow control in ATAM network
US5896506A (en) 1996-05-31 1999-04-20 International Business Machines Corporation Distributed storage management system having a cache server and method therefor
US5918013A (en) * 1996-06-03 1999-06-29 Webtv Networks, Inc. Method of transcoding documents in a network environment using a proxy server
US5870769A (en) * 1996-06-07 1999-02-09 At&T Corp. Internet access system and method with active link status indicators
US5864837A (en) 1996-06-12 1999-01-26 Unisys Corporation Methods and apparatus for efficient caching in a distributed environment
US5931904A (en) 1996-10-11 1999-08-03 At&T Corp. Method for reducing the delay between the time a data page is requested and the time the data page is displayed
US5787470A (en) * 1996-10-18 1998-07-28 At&T Corp Inter-cache protocol for improved WEB performance
US5884046A (en) 1996-10-23 1999-03-16 Pluris, Inc. Apparatus and method for sharing data and routing messages between a plurality of workstations in a local area network
US6012126A (en) 1996-10-29 2000-01-04 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for caching objects of non-uniform size using multiple LRU stacks partitions into a range of sizes
US5852717A (en) 1996-11-20 1998-12-22 Shiva Corporation Performance optimizations for computer networks utilizing HTTP
US6026474A (en) * 1996-11-22 2000-02-15 Mangosoft Corporation Shared client-side web caching using globally addressable memory
US6098096A (en) * 1996-12-09 2000-08-01 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for dynamic cache preloading across a network
US5913033A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-06-15 International Business Machines Corporation Apparatus and method for retrieving information using standard objects
US5961602A (en) * 1997-02-10 1999-10-05 International Business Machines Corporation Method for optimizing off-peak caching of web data
US5978848A (en) 1997-03-14 1999-11-02 International Business Machines Corporation Web browser method and system for backgrounding a link access during slow link access time periods
US5878218A (en) 1997-03-17 1999-03-02 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for creating and utilizing common caches for internetworks
US5933849A (en) * 1997-04-10 1999-08-03 At&T Corp Scalable distributed caching system and method
US5878223A (en) 1997-05-07 1999-03-02 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for predictive caching of information pages
US5887151A (en) * 1997-07-10 1999-03-23 Emc Corporation Method and apparatus for performing a modified prefetch which sends a list identifying a plurality of data blocks
JP3774807B2 (en) * 1997-08-06 2006-05-17 タキオン インコーポレイテッドTachyon,Inc. How to prefetch a distributed system and object
US6157942A (en) * 1997-08-13 2000-12-05 Microsoft Corporation Imprecise caching of directory download responses for dynamic directory services
US5950205A (en) 1997-09-25 1999-09-07 Cisco Technology, Inc. Data transmission over the internet using a cache memory file system
US6085193A (en) * 1997-09-29 2000-07-04 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for dynamically prefetching information via a server hierarchy
US5974430A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-10-26 Unisys Corp. Method for dynamically embedding objects stored in a web server within HTML for display by a web browser
US6393526B1 (en) 1997-10-28 2002-05-21 Cache Plan, Inc. Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch
US6128701A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-10-03 Cache Flow, Inc. Adaptive and predictive cache refresh policy
US6009466A (en) 1997-10-31 1999-12-28 International Business Machines Corporation Network management system for enabling a user to configure a network of storage devices via a graphical user interface
US6016512A (en) 1997-11-20 2000-01-18 Telcordia Technologies, Inc. Enhanced domain name service using a most frequently used domain names table and a validity code table
US6014671A (en) 1998-04-14 2000-01-11 International Business Machines Corporation Interactive retrieval and caching of multi-dimensional data using view elements

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6393526B1 (en) 1997-10-28 2002-05-21 Cache Plan, Inc. Shared cache parsing and pre-fetch
US6715037B2 (en) 1998-07-31 2004-03-30 Blue Coat Systems, Inc. Multiple cache communication and uncacheable objects
USRE39306E1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-26 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Optical disc device
US8275778B2 (en) * 2000-12-06 2012-09-25 Parallel Networks, Llc Method and system for adaptive prefetching
US9264510B2 (en) 2000-12-06 2016-02-16 Parallel Networks, Llc Method and system for adaptive prefetching
US8775440B2 (en) 2000-12-06 2014-07-08 Parellel Networks, LLC Method and system for adaptive prefetching
US20110185004A1 (en) * 2000-12-06 2011-07-28 Parallel Networks, Llc Method and system for adaptive prefetching
EP1540498A4 (en) * 2002-09-16 2005-12-07 Network Appliance Inc Apparatus and method for proxy cache
US20070192444A1 (en) * 2002-09-16 2007-08-16 Emmanuel Ackaouy Apparatus and method for a proxy cache
EP1540498A2 (en) * 2002-09-16 2005-06-15 Network Appliance, Inc. Apparatus and method for proxy cache
US7552223B1 (en) 2002-09-16 2009-06-23 Netapp, Inc. Apparatus and method for data consistency in a proxy cache
US7631078B2 (en) * 2002-09-16 2009-12-08 Netapp, Inc. Network caching device including translation mechanism to provide indirection between client-side object handles and server-side object handles
US7383289B2 (en) * 2003-12-02 2008-06-03 Sap Aktiengesellschaft Updating and maintaining data in a multi-system network using asynchronous message transfer
US20050120061A1 (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-06-02 Kraft Frank M. Updating and maintaining data in a multi-system network using asynchronous message transfer
US8799403B2 (en) 2004-11-23 2014-08-05 Cisco Technology, Inc. Caching content and state data at a network element
US20100094945A1 (en) * 2004-11-23 2010-04-15 Cisco Technology, Inc. Caching content and state data at a network element
US9380008B2 (en) 2004-12-06 2016-06-28 Cisco Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for high-speed processing of structured application messages in a network device
US8312148B2 (en) 2004-12-06 2012-11-13 Cisco Technology, Inc. Performing message payload processing functions in a network element on behalf of an application
US20110208867A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2011-08-25 Tefcros Anthias Performing Message Payload Processing Functions In A Network Element On Behalf Of An Application
US20060123425A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-08 Karempudi Ramarao Method and apparatus for high-speed processing of structured application messages in a network device
US8549171B2 (en) 2004-12-06 2013-10-01 Cisco Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for high-speed processing of structured application messages in a network device
US8082304B2 (en) 2004-12-10 2011-12-20 Cisco Technology, Inc. Guaranteed delivery of application layer messages by a network element
US20060129650A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Ricky Ho Guaranteed delivery of application layer messages by a network element
US20060288208A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2006-12-21 Vinod Dashora Method and apparatus for adaptive application message payload content transformation in a network infrastructure element
US8458467B2 (en) 2005-06-21 2013-06-04 Cisco Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for adaptive application message payload content transformation in a network infrastructure element
US20070005801A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2007-01-04 Sandeep Kumar Identity brokering in a network element
US20070005786A1 (en) * 2005-06-21 2007-01-04 Sandeep Kumar XML message validation in a network infrastructure element
US8266327B2 (en) 2005-06-21 2012-09-11 Cisco Technology, Inc. Identity brokering in a network element
US8090839B2 (en) 2005-06-21 2012-01-03 Cisco Technology, Inc. XML message validation in a network infrastructure element
US20140317230A1 (en) * 2006-08-07 2014-10-23 Unwired Planet, Llc Cache based enhancement to optimization protocol
US9621670B2 (en) * 2008-08-25 2017-04-11 Google Inc. Parallel, side-effect based DNS pre-caching
US20150256642A1 (en) * 2008-08-25 2015-09-10 Google Inc. Parallel, Side-Effect Based DNS Pre-Caching
US9104686B2 (en) 2008-12-16 2015-08-11 Sandisk Technologies Inc. System and method for host management of discardable objects
US9015209B2 (en) 2008-12-16 2015-04-21 Sandisk Il Ltd. Download management of discardable files
US9020993B2 (en) 2008-12-16 2015-04-28 Sandisk Il Ltd. Download management of discardable files
US20100235473A1 (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-16 Sandisk Il Ltd. System and method of embedding second content in first content
US8549229B2 (en) 2010-08-19 2013-10-01 Sandisk Il Ltd. Systems and methods for managing an upload of files in a shared cache storage system
US8463802B2 (en) 2010-08-19 2013-06-11 Sandisk Il Ltd. Card-based management of discardable files
US8788849B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2014-07-22 Sandisk Technologies Inc. Method and apparatus for protecting cached streams
WO2014085728A1 (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-06-05 Microsoft Corporation Unified search result service and cache update
US20150007057A1 (en) * 2013-07-01 2015-01-01 Cisco Technlogy, Inc. System and Method for Application Sharing

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US6393526B1 (en) 2002-05-21 grant
WO1999022316A1 (en) 1999-05-06 application
US6442651B2 (en) 2002-08-27 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Housel et al. WebExpress: A system for optimizing Web browsing in a wireless environment
Chen et al. Adapting web pages for small-screen devices
US6553393B1 (en) Method for prefetching external resources to embedded objects in a markup language data stream
US6654814B1 (en) Systems, methods and computer program products for dynamic placement of web content tailoring
US6304909B1 (en) Client-controlled link processing in computer network
US5778372A (en) Remote retrieval and display management of electronic document with incorporated images
US6185625B1 (en) Scaling proxy server sending to the client a graphical user interface for establishing object encoding preferences after receiving the client's request for the object
US6370565B1 (en) Method of sharing computation load within a distributed virtual environment system
US7000008B2 (en) Method, system, and program for providing data updates to a page including multiple regions of dynamic content
US6829637B2 (en) Distributed shared memory for server clusters
US6826593B1 (en) Computer implemented method and apparatus for fulfilling a request for information content with a user-selectable version of a file containing that information content
US6490625B1 (en) Powerful and flexible server architecture
US6968379B2 (en) Latency-reducing bandwidth-prioritization for network servers and clients
US7051070B2 (en) Asynchronous messaging using a node specialization architecture in the dynamic routing network
US20050119913A1 (en) Subscription-based dynamic content update
US6389460B1 (en) Method and apparatus for efficient storage and retrieval of objects in and from an object storage device
US6604046B1 (en) High-performance server architecture, methods, and software for spatial data
US6553417B1 (en) Internet data access acknowledgment applet and method
US7320023B2 (en) Mechanism for caching dynamically generated content
US20030200332A1 (en) Method and apparatus for dynamic proxy insertion in network traffic flow
US6904463B1 (en) System for improving delivery of content by reordering after grouping components homogeneously within content stream based upon categories defined by content preferences
US6397253B1 (en) Method and system for providing high performance Web browser and server communications
US6766313B1 (en) System and method for caching and retrieving information
US7269784B1 (en) Server-originated differential caching
Bahn et al. Efficient replacement of nonuniform objects in web caches

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:CACHEFLOW, INC.;REEL/FRAME:013081/0212

Effective date: 20020820

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

AS Assignment

Owner name: JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC, NEW YORK

Free format text: SECOND LIEN PATENT SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:027727/0178

Effective date: 20120215

Owner name: JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC, NEW YORK

Free format text: FIRST LIEN PATENT SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:027727/0144

Effective date: 20120215

AS Assignment

Owner name: BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENT COLLATERAL RECORDED AT R/F 027727/0178;ASSIGNOR:JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC, AS COLLATERAL AGENT;REEL/FRAME:029140/0170

Effective date: 20121016

AS Assignment

Owner name: JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC, AS COLLATERAL AGENT, NEW YO

Free format text: SECOND LIEN PATENT SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:030740/0181

Effective date: 20130628

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12

AS Assignment

Owner name: JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC, AS THE COLLATERAL AGENT, NE

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:035751/0348

Effective date: 20150522

AS Assignment

Owner name: BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENT COLLATERAL AT REEL/FRAME NO. 30740/0181;ASSIGNOR:JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC;REEL/FRAME:035797/0280

Effective date: 20150522

Owner name: BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENT COLLATERAL AT REEL/FRAME NO. 27727/0144;ASSIGNOR:JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC;REEL/FRAME:035798/0006

Effective date: 20150522

AS Assignment

Owner name: BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:JEFFERIES FINANCE LLC;REEL/FRAME:039516/0929

Effective date: 20160801

AS Assignment

Owner name: SYMANTEC CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BLUE COAT SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:039851/0044

Effective date: 20160801