US1996614A - Foot manipulating apparatus - Google Patents

Foot manipulating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US1996614A
US1996614A US66451433A US1996614A US 1996614 A US1996614 A US 1996614A US 66451433 A US66451433 A US 66451433A US 1996614 A US1996614 A US 1996614A
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Prior art keywords
foot
member
boot
pressure
toes
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Daniel W Davis
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Davis Daniel W
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Davis Daniel W
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0266Foot

Description

A ril 2, 1935. D. w. DAVIS 1,996,614

FOOT MANIPULATING APPARATUS Filed Apri l 5, 1933 INVENTOR.

Patented Apr. 2, 1935 res This invention relates to the correct adjust--v ment of troublesome maladjusted or defective feet and particularly to apparatus for treating the feet to effect relief from painful strain and maladjustments or defects. The primary object. of the invention is to provide a method of and apparatus for correcting the anatomical maladjustmentsiand/or defects of human feet.

The human foot, because of its cantilever. constructionis ordinarily subjected to multiplied strains which under the 'most favorable conditions cause tiring of the feet, particularly the arches and attendant structures. In walking or running thewei'g-ht of the body is repeatedly shifted fromthe heel to the ball of the foot and during the shifting and while resting on the ball the entire load is transmitted thru-and supported by the arch of the foot. Again in standing about for'long periodsof time when the weight.- of the body "is' supported entirely upon the. feet there is a resultant downward springing of the arches, as the weight'is borneprinoipally upon the'heels and toes These and other normal or abnormal activities cause tiring and weakening" 'of the ligaments of the arches. a "-It may beiseen that excessive orabnormal use or an accident may strain the'archesto such extent that amaladjustment will be caused: On the other hand improper footwear may causean unfavorable condition-which will aid in 'causing a maladjustment; or there'maybe some natural weakness or defects" of a foot which may'become aggravated or aid in causing a. maladjustment; 5

"various causes "that the average human experiences in the pursuit of his normal duties. As

.it isfrequently inconvenient or impossible for one to enjoy systematically the careful and frequently: expensive attention of experts, these troubles are often neglected As a 'resultthe co'n'dition'may become so acute as to cause such a degree ofdisability as to seriously hamper the activities of the victim. Fortunately tliese troublesma'y be corrected;

The present invention contemplates an .a pa

heaithy'fiienibers which are capable-bf normal more we feiearas savsna'sss off thelfifesfeiit invention is that an individual may enemy it at p orti ig me If s em oy t wil new 219: he-acc an skew n n. eniuncany convenient time, such for example as just before retiring at night. Any other convenient time may be chosen but when employing itbefore retiring at night the natural recuperative powers of the body are given anopportunityto 5 function under most favorable conditions, as the patient will usually thereafter remain prone for Several I S- It is pointed out here that theinvention may be employed to considerable advantage and great comfort by persons whose feet merely growtired from the days activities; as it tends to readjust 9 rm p i nsth d ate bo e structure t vs r l e an vs ul and tr n t n h fact avoid the consequences of gradually weak- .1.1801 straining qq d fii r u O t a d d a i a s irth veetion m eib t u de steqd b ferrin qnwr fie theblhfine esqr ntip whieh illue t e ean desqr be a p e ed mbeflime t c n a aratus n caime qd of em t wtdins t t j c eee in en on: c Fi j a View of. ad u ter ta r m he s and. s i tly abq e wi a V ew; 9 th handle rid e i i 12 i fon of an adjuster taken fr'om the side and Slightly abo e it m n: of Fig. n;

.i .Fia. IV i a v e o t e t and ad ustable st a m mb r of a ad ster t n at a le m he f t: a d, s ehtl ov -it-h c. t .1; :g i i js i w i sirat sd ae .atical y an adjuster in :a position to be vmanually operated in djus in t ar h 'o a umanfl ot-c I An adjuster complete as illustrated in Figs-I :consistsof aframe-like, combinationleyenhandle 40 v du p rt I, a es nt r sse membe whiq .isir y a ta e t .ansi'tsu pq fiedb them mstrap embe t- The member l illustrated rnorecompletely in .45 Fig. 'II, is rormeqprererap y from a meteor bright wire bent in such snape'as to;

her l a padded boot member 3 and an adjustable 1 i H e u. y l FIWP' port for the presser neinber 2. web ineifiber 8 crosses a the base at the hassle sear strrigthemag andstiffeningtheifie nber r aura rotating ortwistingabouta lohg'itudinal'eixi The resilient presser member 2 illustrated more completely in Fig. III is preferably formed of a wood or the like base, or stock, l which is rigidly secured to the bar member I by a suitable screw H. A piece of resilient or sponge rubber or the like I2 is provided to fit the outer end of the stock Hi and a soft rubber cap It covers the resilient member l2 and stock H3 in such a manner as to form a well-knit resilient presser member. In an alternate arrangement the two members l2 and 13 may be made integrally, that is of one piece, having the required resilient qualities.

The boot member 3 and adjustable strap member 4 are illustrated more completely in Fig. IV. The boot member 3 is preferably made of flat felt or padding material covered with a suitable strengthening cover fabric. The strap 4 may be of any suitable material, fabric or leather, its ends being secured to the boot member 3, and a buckle 5 being provided for adjusting the size of loop the strap 4 forms. An elastic web memher {5 is provided for drawing the lower edges of the boot member 3 together so as to provide a snug fit for a foot. Two strap members IE and I6 are provided in the form of loops for loosely encircling the projecting members of the member for securing the boot--member 3 thereto and providing a fulcrum for the lever l, the function of which will be fully described presently.

In fitting an adjuster on the foot for applying the manipulative adjustments, as illustrated in Fig. V, the toes may be thrust into the boot 3 and the strap 4 placed around the back of the foot, just above the heel, drawn up to fit snugly and secured by the buckle 5. In the application of the different manipulative adjustments it is usually desirable to manipulate one location to a suflicient degree and then shift to another'location. When the location is changed, longitudinally of the foot at least, the position of the boot 3 may be also necessarily changed and accordingly it may be moved from near the tips of the toes to nearer the instep or vice versa according to the preceding positioning. The shifting may be accomplished by thrusting the toes farther into, or thru, the boot 3 or by partially withdrawing them, and correspondingly adjusting the strap 4 to effect a snug fitting of the boot on the fore portion of the foot and the strap around and slightly above the heel. The combination member I may then be moved forward or backward, longitudinally the foot, by sliding in the supporting loops l6 and IE, or it may be swung from side to side with or without sliding, so as to place the resilient member 2 upon the exact location on the sole of the foot where the treatment of the arch or other affected part is to be directed. The manipulations of the foot maybe then effected by applying and relieving pressure alternately upon the handle 6 by hand, either in a direct line or by a rolling or a lateral movement,'the loops 1 6 and I6 acting as a fulcrum for the lever I which exerts pressure upon the sole of the foot thru the presser member 2. Pressure upon the handle 6,

to effect the manipulations is properly applied by pressing or springing down firmly and gently on the handle, the projecting lever portions being appropriately resilient, and alternately relieving, or rolling and then relieving, whichever is desired. The lateral or rolling movements produce a kneading effect upon the underside of the arch or other portion of the foot undergoing treatment, while the pressure as taken in a direct line serves to exaggerate the normal arch.

In the application of the manipulation to a foot the strap 4, secured around the heel, serves as an anchorage to prevent the snugly fitting boot 3 from slipping toward the outer ends of the toes. When perpendicular or lateral or angular pressure is applied to the handle portion 6 a corresponding pressure is brought on the top or side or side and top, respectively, of the anterior portion of the foot. A resultant pressure in the opposite direction is also brought on the under side or side of the foot, as the case may be, bythe presser. member 2 secured to the end of the lever I, opposite the handle end, which is fulcrumed in the loops [6 and IS. The opposing pressures thus effected on the top of the anterior portion and the underside of the arch portion of the foot serve to depress the anterior portion and spring the arch into an arched position which is exaggerated from the normal. As the anterior portion of the foot is depressed the normally snug fittingstrap l is drawn tighter around the heel and a corresponding pressure or 'pull is exerted upon the heel which has a tendency to draw it forward and slightly downward thus aiding in manipulating the arch into the exaggerated position;

The pressure upon the'top of the anterior portion of the foot is preferably distributed by the boot 3 over the area it covers while in contrast the pressure upon the under side of the foot is fairly concentrated by the presser member 2 at the exact point desirable. By repeatedly applying and relieving the pressure upon the handle 6, alternating with a rolling movement to effect a kneading of the parts while continuingto apply desirable pressure, and shifting the location of the presser from time to time, a healthful stimulation of the normal circulation and draining of the articular surfaces may be realized.

Following the general mode described above, the method of applying the manipulative adjustments may be directed 'to all portions of. the underside and/or the inside of the foot thus effectively relieving the strained distorted condition. .As an individual becomes adept in the use of the apparatus-the various benefits to be derived from its use will be more fully realized. 'A novice, however, may employ the device, following the method herein-set-forth, and from the beginningafford himself a profitable degreeof relief and begin the ligament strengthening and correcting process. 'A study of ones-particular 'pedal troubles and increasing skill in the use of the device will enableone to follow well organized systems for the proper local treatment of an ailing part as contrasted with a general treatment of the entire foot.

It is pointed out that the diameter or size of the contact surface of the presser member 2 and its degree of resiliency is preferably adapted for the different systems of manipulative adjustments For example a fairly large knob-like, or laterally disposed bar-like, soft presser member may be employed for a general kneading of the entire under portion of thefoot .toobtain relief from an exceedinglytired or cramped condition. While a fairly small and harder presser member maybe employed for concentrating the pressure applied to a confined area, as when manipulatively adjusting and strengthening a toe'joint which might havebeen misplaced at some remotely or more nearly previous time. Varying graduations of shapes, .sizesand degrees of resiliency of the presser members may be employed for'the treatment of disordered tarsal, metatarsal phalanges and so on.

It may be obvious that a number of modifications of the invention, with particular reference to the apparatus may be effected without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention which depends entirely upon the definitions contained in the appended claims.

I claim:-

1. An apparatus for manipulatively adjusting the feet from beneath comprising a soleless partial cover arrangement for a foot covering the upper portion of the toes and securing around and slightly above the heel and a combined movable lever and knob-like presser member disposed beneath the foot fulcrumed by an attachment to the toe covering portion and adapted for applying local pressure to the sole of a foot.

2. An apparatus for manipulatively adjusting the feet from beneath comprising a soleless partial cover arrangement for a foot covering the upper portion of the toes and securing around and slightly above the heel, an elastic web member for drawing the edges of the toe covering member snugly together around the toes and a combined movable lever and knob-like presser member disposed beneath the foot fulcrumed by an attachment to the toe covering portion and adapted for applying local pressure to the sole of a foot. v

3. An apparatus for manipulatively adjusting the feet from beneath while restricting expansible movement of the anterior portion of the foot comprising a boot-like member covering the toes, a strap passing around and slightly above the heel adapted to secure the boot-like member on the toes and-a combination movable lever, handle and knob-like presser member depending from and fulcrumed by the boot-like member and extending longitudinally beneath the foot and adapted to apply local pressure to the sole of the foot.

4. An apparatus for manipulatively adjusting the feet from beneath comprising a boot-like member for covering the anterior portion of the foot and restricting laterally expansible movement of the toes and upper joints thereof, a

longitudinally adjustable strap for passing around and slightly above the heel of a foot, a combined movable handle and lever member slidably secured to the boot-like member and adapted to extend longitudinally beneath the foot, loop-like members for securing the lever member to the boot-like member which alsoserve as a fulcrum for the lever member, and a knoblike presser member resilient with relation to its end surface which is rigidly secured to the end of the lever member opposite the handle portion and adapted to apply pressure locally to the sole of feet.

DANIEL W. DAVIS.

US1996614A 1933-04-05 1933-04-05 Foot manipulating apparatus Expired - Lifetime US1996614A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4263902A (en) * 1977-09-14 1981-04-28 Alfred Dieterich Orthopedic sandal
US6935991B1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-08-30 Denise F. Mangino Means and method of exercising feet and legs of bedridden patient

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4263902A (en) * 1977-09-14 1981-04-28 Alfred Dieterich Orthopedic sandal
US6935991B1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-08-30 Denise F. Mangino Means and method of exercising feet and legs of bedridden patient

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