US1993929A - Sound recording and reproducing - Google Patents

Sound recording and reproducing Download PDF

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Publication number
US1993929A
US1993929A US439271A US43927130A US1993929A US 1993929 A US1993929 A US 1993929A US 439271 A US439271 A US 439271A US 43927130 A US43927130 A US 43927130A US 1993929 A US1993929 A US 1993929A
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sound
record
light
color
pick
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US439271A
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Jr John Hays Hammond
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HAMMOND HOLDING Corp
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HAMMOND HOLDING CORP
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor

Description

March 12, 1935. J. H, HAMMOND, J'R
SOUND RECORDING lAND REPRODGING Original Filed March 27, 1930 2 Sheets-Shea?. 1
Q EIEIDDDDDDD ma n.. T Y m W. W n .l A MA E W Y o Q E Q NN mm mm, N @N ,o MN N o m.
March 12, 1935. J. H. HAMMOND, JR 1,993,929
u SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCING Original F'ileg March 27, -1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IANVENTOR. K
ATTORNEY.
Patented Mar. 12,1935
rasca l UNITED' STATES PATENT l- :lorries soUNn RECORDING AND REPRQDUCING John Hays Hammond, Jr., Gloucester, Mass., as-
signor to Hammond Holding Corporation,
` Gloucester, Mass., a corporation of Delaware Application March 2'?, 133i), Serial No. 439,271
Renewed November 2l, 1933 L "12 claims. (c1. 17e-109.3)
invention, a photographic film is provided with' l5y asound track having two portions, one of which varies according to the. sound selection and the otherof which varies inversely as the. sound selection. If desired, the two portions may :be of different colors and suitable pick-up devices such as photoelectric cells with color filters may be provided for picking Aup the separate portions of the sound track. YA device for combining the energyf thus picked up,.such as a push-pull amplifier, may also be provided. The positiveand negative portions of the record may be located upon the same tablet or upon different tablets and the tablets'may be ordinary phonograph records in addition to the talking films illustrated.
The invention also consists in certain new and original features ofconstruction and combinations of parts hereinafter set forth and claimed.
Although the' novel features which are believed to be characteristic of this invention will be particularly pointed out in the claims appended hereto, the invention itself, as'to its objects and Y advantages,` the mode of its operation and the manner of its organization may bebetter understood by referring to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, in which Fig. 1 illustrates a photographic nlm having a sound track produced in two colors;
Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic View partly in section of a moving picture projector constructed in accordance with this invention; g
Fig. 3 shows a reproducing means for reflected light; f
Fig. 4` isa sectional View of a system used for producing the two colored'sounclv record by the use of the Eastman color film; 1
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional elevation taken on line 5-5 of Fig..4; and
Fig. 6 is a sectional View of a reproducing mechanism for this type of lm.
-In the following description and in the claims parts will loe identified by specific names for convenience, but they are intended to be as generic in their application to similar parts as the art will permit.
Like reference 'characters denote like parts in done bythe Vuse of a selective ydye which will only dion tubesV 41 .and 42.
projectors.
print on the part of the film which hasbeen en# posed to light. The rest ofthe sound track `13 is then printed in some other color such; for example, blue. This may be done by the use of another type of selective dye which will 'only print that portionA of Athe nlm which has not;
been exposed to light; This printing'of Vthe rec' ord in two colors may also be done by any other. well known and standard process of twovcolor f` 10 1 The film 12 is then placed in a projector ape..
printing. 1
paratus 14 which is provided'with the usual rollers 15 for feeding the nlm.` Mounted in front. of the film 12` is a casing 16 which contains two lamps l'lfand 18 provided with two reflectors 21 and 22` The light from these lamps is focused by means of'twolenses 23 and 24 upon a nare.
row slit 25 in aV diaphragm 26.V Behind the lm-12 is a second casing 27 in which. are mounted lenses 2S and 29. These lenses focus the "light which passes through-the lm 12,'throughjtwoY color lters 31iand 32 upon two'photoelectric cells 33 and 34. rIhe color filter 31 only permitslight whichpasses through 'the red part of thefilm 11 to be focused upon the photoelectric cell' 33,-and the color lter 32 only permits thelightwhich passes `through. the blue part of the recordl3 to be focused upon the photoelectric cell 34.-
' The photoelectric cell 33 is connected through n a rheostat 35 and battery 135 to the primary of a .transformer 36, and the photoelectric cell 34 is connected through a rheostat 37 and battery 137 to the primary of the transformer '38.. The secondaries of these transformers are connected yto.rr
one side of a battery 39, the other side of which is connected to one side of the filaments of two au-A ondaries of the transformers 36 and 38.
through a battery 44 tothe filaments ofthe tubes 41 and 42. These filaments are heated by a battery 45. The secondary of the `transformer 43 is .connected to an amplifier 46 the output of which is connected toa loud speaker 47.
The' grids of these two; tubes are connected to the other sides of the sec- 1' The i plates of these two tubes 41 and 42 are connected In the operation of the form of rtheinventionvv 'Y shown in Figs. l and 2, the film l2 is Vfedbetween the walls of casings 16 and 27 by means of the. rollers 15 in theusual manner fortalking movie As the two color sound track.` passes' behind the slit 25, light from both the lampsl' z and 18 will be focused on this record by means of the lenses 23 and 24. The light from these two` sources then passes through the sound record and is focused by means of the lenses 23 and 29 on the photoelectric cells 33 and 34. .As the light passes through the filter 31, all the rays will be eliminated except the red; thus the photoelectric cell 33 will only receive light from the red sound track 11. The iilter 32 will only allow the blue light to pass through; thus the photoelectric cell 34 will only receive light from the blue track 13. These two sound tracks, it will be seen, are complementary and are also substantially equal in area so that if one increases, the other decreases in the same proportion. Therefore, the two fluctuating currentsfrorn the photoelectric cells 33 and 34 will be iiuctuating in opposite directions at the same time.
These two currents are then combined in the output circuit of the push pull ampliiier so that the resulting current in the transformer 43 will closely follow the fluctuations of the boundary line between the red and blue records 11 and 13. In. this way this current will be caused to follow this line more closely than will the current in an ordinary talking movie using the variable area record,Y as the push pull amplifier will cause a quicker reaction to changes in the shape of this line. The current in the secondary of the transformer 43 will then be amplilied by the amplifier 46, the output currentV of which actuates the loud 'speaker 47 which reproduces the original sounds made in making the records.
In the modified form of the invention shown in Fig. 3 a film 51 is employed on'which the sound record is printed by any well known process. In this type of record the background of the sound track may be of one color and, after it has been acted upon by light and suitable chemicals, that portion will be changed to a different color, or the two colors may be produced by superimposing one color on the other, thus producing a two color sound track. This sound track is opaque and in this' system is used for reflecting light and not transmitting it.
In order to accomplish this result two lamps 52 and 53 are mounted in a casing 54 and are provided with reiiectors 55 and 56. The light from these lamps is focused by two lenses 57 and 58 upon the sound track on the film 51 from which the light is reected through an opening 59 in a secondary casing 61. This light is focused by means of two lenses 62 and 63 through two color filters 64 and 65 upon the photoelectric cells 33 and 34 which are connected to the push pull amplifier as described in connection with Fig. 2.
In the operation of this form of the invention, the light from the two lamps 52 and 53 brightly illuminate the two color record on the film 51. The light is reected from this record and focused by means of the two lenses 62 and 63 upon the photoelectric cells 33 and 34, the color filter 64 cutting out all the light except that refiected fromy thel red record, and the color filter 65 cutting out all the light except that reflected fromY the blue record. The photoelectric cell 33 only receives fluctuations of light from the red record and the photoelectric cell 34 only receives fluctuation of light from the blue record. The opera tion of this form of the invention from here on is identical with that described in connection with Fig. 2.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the system is shown as applied to the type of iilm developed by the Eastman Kodak Company for their color moving pictures. A lamp 71 is mounted in one end of the casing 72. The light from this lamp is focused by two lenses 74 and 75 into two beams of light 76 and 77. These beams are reflected from two plain mirrors 78 and 79 mountedl in the corners ofthe casing 72.
The beams 76 and 77v arev brought to foci at the points 81 and 82 where they pass through small holes 83 and 84 in two diaphragms 85 and 86. f Mounted on these two diaphragms are two color screens 87 and 88, the former of which transmits only red light, and the latter only blue light. It will be understood that these color iilters are not essential to the operation of the invention, as the record on the film does not dependen the color of the light but on the direction from which it comes.
The two beams of red and blue light 76 and 77 then strike a small mirror 89 from which they are reiiected to two larger mirrors 91 and 92. From these mirrors the beams pass through two cylindrical lenses 93 and 94 which cause them to be focused as narrow strips of red, and blue light through an opening 95 in a dihphragm 96 upon one side of a moving picture film 97. The portion of the film 97 which passes opposite the slit 95 is provided with longitudinal corrugations l98 which are similar to those used on the Eastman color films. On the back of the lm 97, opposite the corrugations 98, is the photographic emulsion 99..
The small mirror 89 is mounted between two longitudinal partitions 101 and 102 and is carried by twoiine wires 103 and 104. These wires are mounted above in a frame of insulating material 105 and below in a second frame of insulat-ing material 106. Mounted on the casing 72 and located with their poles adjacent to the Wires 103 and 104 are two permanent magnets 10.7 and 108. The wires 103 and 104 are connected to the output circuit of an amplifier 109, the input of which is connected to a microphone 110.
In the operation of the form of the invention shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the two beams of red and blue light normally strike the nlm 97 so that the red light impinges on half of the corrugated strip `95 and the blue light on the other half. When speech or music is received by the microphone and ampliiied by the amplifier 109, fluctuating currents are caused to pass through the wires 103 and 104, thus causing these wires to move in the magnetic fields produced by the permanent magnets 107 and 108. This causes a very slight rotation of the mirror 89 about a vertical axis, this action being similar to that of a standard Vibration galvanometer. This causes the reflected beams of light 76 and 77 to be moved back and forth across the corrugations 95, the red and blue beams always touching at their edge but never overlapping.
The red beam 76 will be refracted by the corrugations 98 so that this red light will affect the photographic emulsion 99 at certain definite points behind each corrugation, these points depending on the direction in which the light strikes the nlm, and the size and curvature of the corrugations. In a similar manner the blue light from the beam 77 will be refracted by these corrugations and affect the photographic emulsion 99 at slightly different positions. In this way two separate records are made on this emulsion of the two beams of light, this record being similar in outline to the one shown in Fig. 1, but it is of course colorless This nlm is then developed in the usual manner by the Eastman color process and is then used in the reproducing mechanism shown in Fig. 6. In this mechanism the film 97 passes down through a casing 121 in one end of which is mounted a lamp 122. The light from this lamp is reflected by means of a reflector 124 through a lens system 125 and onto the rear of the film 97 opposite thecorrugated strip 98. In front of this film is a diaphragm 126 provided with a narrow slit 127. Mounted in front of this slit are two lenses 128 and 129 which focus the light received by them upon the two photoelectric cells 33 and 34 which are mounted on an internal wall 133.
In the operation of the reproducing mechanism shown in Fig. 6, the light from the lamp 122 passes through the film` 97 where it is refracted by the corrugations 98 into two beams of light 134 and 135. The intensity and extent of the beam 134 will be the same as that of the beam 76 used in producing the record of red light, and the intensity and extent of the beam 135 will be the same as that of the beam 77 used in producing the record with the blue light. These two beams of light pass through the lenses 128 and 129 and are focused uponthe photoelectric cells 33 and 34, the current from which passes to the push pull amplifier as described in connection with Fig. 2. From here on the operation is the same as that described in connection with Fig. 2.
YWhile certain novelfeatures of the invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention..
What is claimed is:
1. In a phonographic record system, a photographic member having a sound record thereon,V
said record comprising a portion which varies according to the sound selection and a second por-` tion whose amplitude varies inversely as the sound selection, said portions being closely interdisposed on the record, one of said portions being of one color and the other portion being of a different color, a separate pick-up device selective to each color, an amplifier fed by said devices and a speaking device fed by said amplier.
2. In a phonographic record system, a photographic film having a sound record of uniform width, said record comprising portions whose meeting edge describes a curve corresponding to the sound selection, one of said portions being of one color and the other portion being of a different color, a separate pick-up cell for each color exposed to said record, each cell having a color filter to transmit its own color only, a push pull amplifier fed by said cells and a speaking device fed by said amplifier.
3. In a sound record system, a photographic sound record of uniform width comprising portions of two different colors having a common meeting edge, one of said portions'varying in width according to the sound selection, and the other of said portions varying in width in a complementary mannerto said first portion, a separate pick-up device selective to each color, an amplifier fed by said pick-up devices and a speaking device fed by said amplifier.
4. In a photographic record system, a photographic sound record made up of two inter-disposed portions of different colors, the relative Vamounts ofthe two colors varying according to the sound selection, a separate pick-up devicer for each color having a color filter, a push-pull amplifier fed by said pick-up devices and a sound reproducer fed by said amplifier.
5. In a sound reproducing system, a photographic sound record in two colors, an amplifier, a translating device fed thereby, a first means for selectively controlling said amplier accord- 6. In a sound reproducing system, a photol graphic sound track comprising parallel sound records in two different colors, the first said record varying according to the sound selection and the second said record varying inversely to said first record, a pair of color lters and a pair of pick-up devices associated with each said record, an amplifier fed by said pick-up devices and a translating device fed by said amplifier.
7. In a sound reproducing system, a photographic sound record of uniform width comprising portions of two diiierent colors having a common meeting edge, one of said portions varying in light transmitting ability according to the sound selection and the other of said portions varying in light transmittingV ability in a complementary manner to said rst portion, a separate color Vfilter .andpick-up device for each color, an amplifier fed by said pick-up devices and a translating device fed by said amplifier.
8. In a sound reproducing system, a photographic sound record in a plurality of colors, a plurality of color-filters selective to said colors, respectively, a4 plurality of pick-up devices associated with said filters, a translating device fed by said pick-up devices, one ofsaid pick-up devices controlling the intensity of Ithe total signal fed to said translating device according to one of said colors, and another of said devicesicontrolling the intensityk of the same signal according to the other of said colors.
9. In a sound record system, a sound record comprising a sound track of uniform width, said sound track having a sound recording in one color and an auxiliaryirecording in a vsecond color adjacent said firstrecording and occupying a different area from said first soun/d recording, pick-up devices for selectively picking up said colors, a translating device operated by said pickup devices, and means whereby each of said colors operates to affect the intensity of all registers of the same signal.
l0.' In a sound record system, a sound record comprising a plurality of separate recordings occupying different areas in the same sound track, said recordings having different optical characteristics, pick-up devices having different optical characteristics for selectively picking up said recordings, and translating devices fed by said pick-up devices.
1l. In a sound record system, a sound record having a single sound track comprising two parallel variable area recordings, each recording comprising the same selection,'said recordings varying in optical characteristics in a complementary manner to each other and having a common irregular boundary edge, said recordings having different optical characteristics, pick-up devices having different optical characteristics for selectively picking up said recordings, and translating devices'for said pick-up devices.
12. In a sound record system, a sound record having a sound recording in one color and an auxiliary recordingin a-second color, said recordings occupying different areas on the record, pick-up devices for selectively picking up said colors, and a translating device operated by said pick-up devices.
JOHN HAYS HAMMOND. JR.
US439271A 1930-03-27 1930-03-27 Sound recording and reproducing Expired - Lifetime US1993929A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2527463A (en) * 1946-03-29 1950-10-24 Rca Corp Multicolored record and reproducing system therefor
US2587219A (en) * 1946-05-31 1952-02-26 Rca Corp Push-pull signaling system
DE962377C (en) * 1936-05-19 1957-04-18 Prospection Electr Prodedes Sc Method of recording a diagram on a moving strip of photosensitive material by means of several beams of light

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE962377C (en) * 1936-05-19 1957-04-18 Prospection Electr Prodedes Sc Method of recording a diagram on a moving strip of photosensitive material by means of several beams of light
US2527463A (en) * 1946-03-29 1950-10-24 Rca Corp Multicolored record and reproducing system therefor
US2587219A (en) * 1946-05-31 1952-02-26 Rca Corp Push-pull signaling system

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