US199340A - Improvement in dies for forming articles of plastic materials - Google Patents

Improvement in dies for forming articles of plastic materials Download PDF

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US199340A
US199340A US199340DA US199340A US 199340 A US199340 A US 199340A US 199340D A US199340D A US 199340DA US 199340 A US199340 A US 199340A
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plunger
matrix
plastic materials
improvement
dies
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C33/00Moulds or cores; Details thereof or accessories therefor
    • B29C33/0055Moulds or cores; Details thereof or accessories therefor with incorporated overflow cavities

Description

, G. L. WINN 8t J. BLISS. .Die for Forming Articles of Plastic Materials.

No. 199,340. Patented Jan. 15,1878.

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a! 4. .6. 9mm f v gyww mm 42 7 a ain (/41 4 N-PETERS. PHQTOJJTHOGRAPHER, WASHINGTON D C UNITED STATES P TE T; OFEIOE. 4

GEORGE L. wlNN AND JONATHAN Bmss, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY,

ASSIGNORS TO WILEORD L. PALMER, OF NEW YORK,'N. Y.

IMPROVEMENT lN DIES FOR FORMING ARTICLES 0F PLASTIC MATERIALS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 199,340, dated January 15, 1878; application filed December 18, 1877.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that we, GEORGE L. WINN and JONATHAN BLIss, both of Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Dies for Forming Articles of Plastic Materials, which improvement is fully set forth in the following specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which have been granted to Jonathan Bliss, October Ourlimprovement consists in the combination, in a die for pressing plastic materials,

of a plunger, tapering toward its rear end, a plungerguide, provided with a hole to receive the plunger, and with a recess for the reception of the surplus material, and a matrix, corresponding in shape to the article to be produced, so that, during the operation of pressing, that portion of the material which passes up on the sides of the plunger is relieved from pressure; and, furthermore, when the operation of pressing has been completed, and the plunger and plunger-guide are removed from the matrix, the pressed article is drawn out of the matrix, and the labor of scraping said article out of the matrix is saved.

In the drawing, the letter A designates the plunger. B is the plunger-guide, and G the matrix. The .plunger is made tapering toward its rear end, and the plunger-guide is provided with a hole, a, which is slightly enlarged toward its rear end, its front end being just large enough to admit the outer large end of the plunger.

Round the front edge of the hole a in the plunger-guide extends a recess, 1), for the reception of the surplus material. Thematrix 0 corresponds in shape to the face of the articles to be pressed, and the face of the plunger is made to correspond to the back of said article. Suitable steady pins 0 retain the plunger-guide in the proper relation to the matrix.

In using our die we bring the plunger-guide close down upon the matrix; then we introduce the material to be pressed into the hole a and, finally, the plunger is forced into this hole against the matrix. During the operation of pressing, a portion of the material to be pressed escapes at the sides of the plunger; and, if the plunger and the hole a are made of uniform size throughout, such material is firmly wedged in between the plunger and the walls of the hole a, andthe motion of the plunger is obstructed. This difficulty we have obviated by making the plunger tapering toward its rear end, so as to leave a gradually-increasing space between the hole a and the plunger, in which the material escaping at the sides of the plunger can accumulate without being pressed. It is obvious that the same effect is produced if the plunger is made with parallel sides, and the hole ais enlarged toward its rear end; or the plunger might be made tapering, and the hole enlarged toward its rear end, as shown in the example represented by the drawing.

As the plunger comes close up to the matrix the surplus material escapes into the recess b, which extends round the hole a in the plunger-guide; and when the plunger and plunger-guide are withdrawn after the operation of pressing has been completed, the pressed article adheres to the plunger and plunger guide, and is, consequently, withdrawn from the matrix.

If the recess 1) for the reception of the surplus is formed in the matrix-plate round the matrix, the pressed article sticks in the matrix, and has to be scraped out of it; and if a number of articles are pressed at one operation, much time is lost in scraping the pressed articles out of the matrix-plate.

By forming the surplus recess b in the plunger-guide, the pressed article is caused to adhere to this guide by a thin film, which, after the article has been taken out of the die, readily drops off.

a What we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

The combination, in a die for'pressing plastic materials, of a plunger tapering down In testimony that we claim the foregoing We toward its rear end, a plunger-guide, provided have hereunto set our hands and seals this 8th with a hole to receive the plunger, and with day of December, 1877.

a recess for the reception of the surplus mate- GEO. L. WINN. [L. s.] rial, and a matrix, corresponding in shape to JONATHAN BLISS. [L. s.] the article to be produced, all combined and Witnesses:

adapted to operate substantially as shown G. M. OLMSTEAD,

and described. 7 FRANK H. EARLE.

US199340D Improvement in dies for forming articles of plastic materials Expired - Lifetime US199340A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2419271A (en) * 1944-06-08 1947-04-22 Lish Henry Gas heated embossing press
US2466407A (en) * 1945-10-11 1949-04-05 Halfer Engineering Company Toy plastic molding set
US20060004739A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2006-01-05 Microsoft Corporation System and method for dynamically generating a selectable search extension
US20060201430A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Davis Michael A Industrial flow meter having an accessible digital interface
US20070055464A1 (en) * 2005-08-17 2007-03-08 Gysling Daniel L System and method for providing a compositional measurement of a mixture having entrained gas

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2419271A (en) * 1944-06-08 1947-04-22 Lish Henry Gas heated embossing press
US2466407A (en) * 1945-10-11 1949-04-05 Halfer Engineering Company Toy plastic molding set
US20060004739A1 (en) * 2004-05-03 2006-01-05 Microsoft Corporation System and method for dynamically generating a selectable search extension
US20060201430A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Davis Michael A Industrial flow meter having an accessible digital interface
US20070055464A1 (en) * 2005-08-17 2007-03-08 Gysling Daniel L System and method for providing a compositional measurement of a mixture having entrained gas

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