US1981362A - Wrapper for use in hair waving processes - Google Patents

Wrapper for use in hair waving processes Download PDF

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Publication number
US1981362A
US1981362A US67167833A US1981362A US 1981362 A US1981362 A US 1981362A US 67167833 A US67167833 A US 67167833A US 1981362 A US1981362 A US 1981362A
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Prior art keywords
wrapper
hair
wound
pad
body
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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William H Joyce
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William H Joyce
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D7/00Processes of waving, straightening or curling hair
    • A45D7/04Processes of waving, straightening or curling hair chemical
    • A45D7/045Processes of waving, straightening or curling hair chemical using wrappers

Description

NOV. 20, 1934. w. JQYCE 1,981,362

WRAPPER FOR USE IN HAIR WAVING PROCESSES Fiied May 1a, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 \ameiry INVENTOR MLL/AM (/0 ref.

J BY wrrNEss. m

ATTORNEYS Nov. 20, 1934. w. H. JOYCE WRAPPER FOR USE IN HAIR WAVING PROCESSES Filed May 18, 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet. 2

INVENTOR MLL/AM //./o r05.

BY v, a v1 I ATTORNEYS Patented Nov. 20, 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WRAPPER FOR USE IN HAIR WAVING PROCESSES This invention relates to improvements in wrappers for enclosing wound strands of hair during the forming of permanent waves therein.

In the art of permanent waving of human hair,

it is the practice to arrange the hair in strands or hanks, and tightly wind the same upon individual curler rods, after which a strip of absorbent material which has been impregnated with a lotion or powder commonly used in the process of hair waving, is wound upon the wound hair, and the said strip of absorbent material is enclosed in a moisture proof outer wrapper, so that when the curled hair and absorbent material are subjected to the action of heat, by the heaters fitted over the respective wrapped curled hair, vapor will be produced within the protecting jacket formed by the wrapper. Many objections are found to the present type of wrappers due to the escape of steam vapors therefrom which reduces the effectiveness of the hair waving process, and although skillfully wrapped, often results in scalp burns to the head of the person receiving the wave. Therefore, one of the main objects of the invention resides in a combined pad and wrapper which will provide a sealed jacket for the wound hair to prevent the escape of vapors therefrom, and which may be sealed either with or without the use of sealing clips at the option of the operator.

Another object of the invention is to provide a combined hair curling pad and wrapper which is less bulky than those heretofore constructed, especially at that end which serves toseal the wrapper at the inner end of the wound hair to enable the clip to be firmly tightened thereon in instances where clips are used.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a combined hair curling pad and wrapper in which the pad which is first wound upon the wound hair to be waved, receives. at least one winding of the wrapper to secure the pad in tight wound condition before the same is released by the hands of an operator to fold in the end sealing flap which is necessary before the complete winding of the wrapper in instances where no clips are to be used.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a wrapper for use in permanent hair waving having the above features, which is simple and inexpensive of construction, and easy and quick to apply to the wound hair preparatory to the subjection of the same to heat.

With these and other objectsin View, the invention resides in the certain novel construction, combination and. arrangement of parts, the cs- .Wrapper without the use of clips.

sential features of which are hereinafter fully described, are particularly pointed out in the appended claims, and are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a ladys head showing the invention in use.

Figure 2 is a plan view of the invention showing a wound strand of hair about to receive the same, the wrapper being notched for the sealing of th Figure 3 is a side elevational view illustrating the style of wrapper shown'in Figure 2 in partially wound position.

Figure 4 is a View similar to Figure 3 showing the wrapper in a fully wound position. a

Figure 5 is a vertical longitudinal sectiona view of the wrapper in fully wound condition.

Figure 6 is an enlarged plan View of the wrapper in its original condition.

Figure 7 is a vertical sectional View on the line 77 of Figure 6.

Figure 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of the wrapper associated with a holding clip.

Figure 9 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional view through the wrapper when wound in accordance with the manner shown in Figure 8.

Figure 10 is a detailvertical sectional view through a modified form of wrapper.

Figure 11 is a sectional perspective view of a further modification.

Figure 12 is a sectional perspective view of a still further modified form.

Referring to the drawings by reference characters, and more particularly to the form of the invention shown in Figures 1 to 9, inclusive, the numeral 10 designates a rectangular shaped pad of absorbent material, such as felt, flannel or the like, which is impregnated with or dipped in a hair treating solution prior to the application of the wrapper to the hair to be waved. The pad may be of a single thickness of material as shown, or formed of, a single piece doubled upon itself to provide two thicknesses. The pad" 10 is attached to one side of a wrapper or outer covering 11 in a manner presently to be described.

The wrapper or outer covering 11 is of substantially rectangular shape but is out to provide right angularly disposed'joim'ng extension portions 12 and 13 at one end and at one of the longitudinal sides. The transverse and longitudinal edges of the wrapper are straight as are the side edges of the extension portion, while the end edges of the said extension portion are straight and at right angles to the adjoining side edges.

The "end edge of the extension portion 12 tersheet of paper 17--1'7. The sheets of paper 17 are 7 formed of a single piece folded upon itself along one longitudinal edge as at 18, while the opposite or free edges of the paper are stitched together and to the foil 16 by the line of stitching 15. By

constructing the wrapper in this way, I interpose a layer of sheet material which Will notice ohemically affected by the hair treating lotion or substances carried by the pad, and which is concealed by the two folds 1'7 of the outer paper 'cov ering. Although foil has been shown and deascribed any other material having the same "characteristics may be, substituted theiefor, proiridin g it is pliable and will retain any shape when deformed.

"The portion 12 of the Wrapper adjacent the terminates in a circular opening 20 at its inner end, and which opening is disposed approx1- ma'tel-y "on the plane of the side edge, of'the wrapper from which the extension portion 12 projects. This cutout or notch is clearly shown in Figure 20f thedrawings and divides the extension portion into spaced flaps 21 and 2 2, the flap 21 being narrower than the flap 22.

In practice, assume that it is desired to wrap awound hank of hair-H'without the aid of aclip for securing the wrapper in position thereon, the notch 19 and opening 20 are respectively formed by 'cuttlng upon'the line'18", 'after which the pad 10 is dipped into a liquid or lotion to prepare "the same forchemical action. The hair is wound in the usual manner upon a curling stick -A, and the ends of the strand or hank of hair are secured thereto by tying-as at B. The pad is placed against the wound strand as shown .in Figure 2 with the extension portion 12 facing downward. The pad i's:applied adjacent the inner end of the "wound-hank, and wound therearound, the Winding-operationibeing continuous until the opening 20 reaches the inner end of the hank of hair I-I. During-this initial winding operation,fa portion of the-wrapper, and at least one convolution of the same, is wound about the pad 10 to enclose the same to securely ho'ld'the pad in its wound condition. "This position is shown in Figure 3, .after'which the flap 21 is folded inwardly against the wound portion of the wrapper to partially "close the space fbetween'the walls of the opening 12Drand the :base :of the .hank 'of :hair H. The folding :of the flap :20 is immediately :followed by the inns/Yard ielding of the other .fia p 22, on a llineparallel to its :outer side edge as shown in dotted lines :in FigureuZ. Aportion of the flap 22 overlapsaportion of the folded flap 21 and complates theisealing of the space between the walls of EthB opening and the neck of :the base of the :of hair :11. Theserinwardly ifolded z-flaps are maintained in their folded sealing positions by completing the winding'of the remaining portion of the wrapper to the position shown in Figure 4. The extension portion 13 affords sufiicient material to complete the wrapping of the neck or base of the hank of hair without adding bulkiness throughout the length of the jacket. Due to the pliable nature of the foil sheet .16, the folded ends of the wrapper may be compressed and a seal maintained about the inner end of the hank of hair to prevent leakage of steam vapors from the jacket when the same is subjected to the action of heat produced by the heaters C fitted thereover during the usual permanent hair wavmg process.

Assume that it is desired to secure the wrapper in wrapped position by the use of a clip such as shown'in'b igures 8 and 9. The notch and opening are not formed in the wrapper by cutting upon the line 18, but the wrapper is applied in its originajlcondition. The wrapper is'brought up tothe wound hank of hair H in the same manner as previously explained with the extension portion isposed beyond the planeof the inner end of the wound hair. The pad 10 is wound first and'followed-by the winding of the wrapper. The projecting portion'12 is compressed about the neck :ofithe hank of :hair and is clamped therea'round by the application of the mechanical clip C or other equivalentholding device. This clip tightly crimps the extended portion'of'the wrapper about the neckof the hank of hair "adjacent the scalp o'f thehead of hair being waved, and seals the -endof the jacket against leakage of steam vapors therefrom.

' In Figure '10 of the drawings I have illustrated a slightly modified form of 'wrapperconstruction. 'In thisform thebody of the wrapper is constructed of two separate sheets of paper 23 and '24 between which a sheet-of foil 25 is interposed. The

lower edges of I these sheets may be "fastenedtogether by stitching in 'thezmanner shown in "the preceding'form. The only difference between this form and that shown in the preceding form is that the paper sheets 23 and 24 are separate and are not formed by the folding of a single sheet.

' In Figure 11 of the drawings, there is illustrated a further modification which includes a relatively small rectangular s'hee'tof paper 26 and a larger sheet iof paper27 underlying the sheet 26. Portions of the sheet "27 project beyond "the edges of the :sheet 26"to provide adjoining extension portions '28 and "29 which are the equivalent to the extension portions 12 and 13 respectively of the form shown in Figures 1 to 9 of the drawings.

The sheet of paper '27 is interposed between the paper sheet 26 and a foil sheet 30 which is of the same size and shape asthe sheet '27. ,The sheets 26, "27, and 30 'are secured together by stitching 31 which also secures the absorbentpad 32to the body of the wrapper.

In-Figure 12 of thedrawings, substantially the same construction is shown as that illustrated'in Figure llgwith the exception that the free longitudinal edges 33 and 34 of the sheet of paper 27 and the foil sheets 30 are cut transversely at'a point even with the end edge of the extension portion 29 :in-order to provide a iflap35 adapted to be stood that various other changes and construc-' tion may be resorted to as come within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patend of the United States, is:-

1. A wrapper for enclosing a wound strand of hair during a hair waving process comprising a flexible wrapper body of substantially rectangular configuration and including a sheet of nonabsorbent material inherently capable of maintaining a deformed condition when the body is wound, a pad secured to one of the longitudinal edges of said wrapper body, and an extension portion provided at one end of said wrapper body and terminating inwardly of the longitudinal edge of the same to which said pad is secured.

2. A wrapper for enclosing a wound strand of hair during a hair waving process comprising a flexible wrapper body of substantially rectangular configuration and including a sheet of nonabsorbent material inherently capable of maintaining a deformed condition when the body is wound, a pad secured to one of the longitudinal edges of said wrapper body, and an extension portion provided at one end of said wrapper body and terminating inwardly of the longitudinal edge of the same to which said pad is secured, and a notch provided in said extension portion and opening onto the side edge thereof to divide the extension portion into separate flaps, said pad adapted to be wound upon a strand of wound hair and enclosed within a portion of said wrapper body by partially winding the same therearound, the flaps adapted to be folded inwardly after the initial winding, and the wrapper body completely wound to provide a sealed joint between one end of the wrapper and the hank of hair enclosed therein.

3. A wrapper for enclosing a wound strand of hair during a hair waving process comprising a substantially rectangular shaped flexible pliable wrapper body adapted to maintain a deformed condition when wound, an absorbent pad secured to one pf the longitudinal edges of said wrapper body and positioned with one end of said pad flush with one end of said wrapper body, an extension portion provided on said wrapper body on that end with which one end of said pad is flush, said extension portion terminating short of the longitudinal edge of said wrapper body to which said pad is secured, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

4. A wrapper for enclosing a wound strand of hair during a hair waving process comprising a substantially rectangular shaped flexible pliable wrapper body adapted to maintain a deformed condition when wound, an absorbent pad secured to one of the longitudinal edges of said wrapper body and positioned with one end of said pad flush with one end of said wrapper body, an extension portion provided on said wrapper body on that end with which one end of said pad is flush, said extension portion terminating short of the longitudinal edge of said wrapper body to which said pad is secured, and a marked area provided on said extension portion and adapted to be cut out to divide the extension portion into a pair of separate foldable sealing flaps.

5. A wrapper for enclosing a wound strand of hair during a hair waving process comprising a flexible wrapper body from which a portion of said strand projects, a pad secured to one edge of said wrapper body and in which the wound portion of said strand is rolled preparatory to being wrapped in said wrapper body, and an exten sion portion projecting from said wrapper body elongated in a direction away from the edge thereof opposite that to which said pad is secured and spaced from the edge to which the pad is secured, said extension portion being foldable about one end of the wound strand only after a portion of the wrapper body has been wound to completely enclose the rolled pad.

6. A wrapper for enclosing a wound strand of hair during a hair waving process comprising a wrapper body embodying a pair of paper sheets, positioned one against the other, a. flap extending from an edge of one paper sheet and projecting beyond the corresponding edge of the other paper sheet, a foil sheet of a shape corresponding to the shape of the paper sheet provided with the flap and fitting thereagainst, said flap and adjacent portion of said foil sheet being folded over an edge of the other paper sheet, and a pad secured to that edge of said wrapper body opposite that on which said flap is provided.

WILLIAM H. JOYCE.

US1981362A 1933-05-18 1933-05-18 Wrapper for use in hair waving processes Expired - Lifetime US1981362A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5121762A (en) * 1990-07-16 1992-06-16 Inno/Genics, Inc. Water soluble end wrap and method of use
US5881736A (en) * 1997-02-10 1999-03-16 Turner; Pamela J. Apparatus and method for decorating hair
US20140076351A1 (en) * 2011-05-09 2014-03-20 Sf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9439489B1 (en) * 2015-04-14 2016-09-13 Tiana Tamara Townsell Braidloc tube device and method
US9615644B2 (en) 2012-06-11 2017-04-11 Tf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9629434B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2017-04-25 Tf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9854891B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2018-01-02 Tf3 Limited Hair styling aid

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5121762A (en) * 1990-07-16 1992-06-16 Inno/Genics, Inc. Water soluble end wrap and method of use
US5881736A (en) * 1997-02-10 1999-03-16 Turner; Pamela J. Apparatus and method for decorating hair
US9854891B2 (en) 2007-12-17 2018-01-02 Tf3 Limited Hair styling aid
US9788625B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2017-10-17 Tf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9629434B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2017-04-25 Tf3 Limited Hair styling device
US20140076351A1 (en) * 2011-05-09 2014-03-20 Sf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9138039B2 (en) * 2011-05-09 2015-09-22 Sf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9615644B2 (en) 2012-06-11 2017-04-11 Tf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9615643B2 (en) 2012-06-11 2017-04-11 Tf3 Limited Hair styling device
US9439489B1 (en) * 2015-04-14 2016-09-13 Tiana Tamara Townsell Braidloc tube device and method

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