US1980022A - Method and apparatus for covering articles with sheet material - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for covering articles with sheet material Download PDF

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Publication number
US1980022A
US1980022A US376086A US37608629A US1980022A US 1980022 A US1980022 A US 1980022A US 376086 A US376086 A US 376086A US 37608629 A US37608629 A US 37608629A US 1980022 A US1980022 A US 1980022A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sheet
cover
plate
chamber
applying
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Expired - Lifetime
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US376086A
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John N Whitehouse
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SANITE Corp
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SANITE CORP
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Priority to US376086A priority Critical patent/US1980022A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C51/00Shaping by thermoforming, i.e. shaping sheets or sheet like preforms after heating, e.g. shaping sheets in matched moulds or by deep-drawing; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C51/16Lining or labelling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1002Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina
    • Y10T156/1028Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina by bending, drawing or stretch forming sheet to assume shape of configured lamina while in contact therewith
    • Y10T156/103Encasing or enveloping the configured lamina
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1002Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina
    • Y10T156/1034Overedge bending of lamina about edges of sheetlike base
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/108Flash, trim or excess removal

Description

1934- J. N. WHITEHOUSE 1,980,022

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COVERING ARTICLES WITH SHEET MATERIAL Original Filed July 5, 1929 //YV/V 70E: Jomv/Y H7075 005E,

3 resentative embodiment.

Patented Nov. 6, 1934 PATENT OFFICE METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COVERING ARTICLES WITH SHEET MATERIAL John N. Whitehouse, New York, N. Y., assignor tor Sanite Corporation, Burlington, N. J a corp0- ration of New Jersey Application July 5, 1929, Serial No. 376,086 Renewed April 6, 1934 11 Claims.

My invention relates to new and improved method and apparatus for producing covered articles, or for applying a covering of thin sheet material to a base or body, as for example in producing pen-stands or any other of a wide variety of articles.

The base or body to be covered may be of almost any material, such as metal, ceramic, etc., and may have varying surface forms or contours, including incurved or undercut portions; and it is desired to apply a covering of thinsheet material such as celluloid, in order to produce a completed article of decorative appearance and at a low cost.

A principal object is to provide a novel method and means for ensuring the close, uniform and permanent application of the cover-sheet.

To these ends I provide, in effect, a pressure chamber, in which the body is placed, with the cover sheet in flexible, moldable, or plastic condition located thereupon, and apply pneumatic pressure in such manner as to withdraw or expel air from below the cover sheet and press, stretch and form the sheet closely upon and about the outer body surface.

The characteristics and advantages of the invention are further sufiiciently explained in connection with the following detail description of the accompanying drawing, which shows one rep- After considering this example, skilled persons will understand that many variations may be made without departing from the principles disclosed, and I contemplate the employment of any structures or methods that are properly within the scope of the appended claims.

In the drawing:

Fig. I is a side elevation of apparatus embodying the invention structure in one form.

Fig. II is a detail, in vertical section.

Fig. Ila is a fragmentary plan view of the plate forming a part of the invention.

Fig. III is a top plan of a representative finished article.

Fig. IV is a side elevation of same.

The invention will be well understood from a description of it as adapted for production of such articles as fountain-pen holders, or stands such as 1, Figs. III and IV, although it is obvious that there is no particular limitation as to the nature of purpose of the article produced. Such an article as illustrated includes a base or body 2 (Fig. II) of any suitable material, and it is desired to apply to the upper surface of the 5 body a covering 3 of relatively thin sheet maable that the margin of the covering shall underlap the periphery of the body, as at 4.

The body surface to be covered may be more or less irregular, including for example depressed, incurved, or undercut formations such as 2a, Fig. II, and it has been heretofore difficult or impossible by any known means to properly cover such articles with sheet material analogous to celluloid, on account of the obvious manipulative difficulties involved.

A plate or table 5, Figs. I and II, has a portion to receive body 2, a peripheral channel or depression 6, and therewithin, a plurality of holes or ports '7 passing through the plate, and connected by cross-channels 8 at the upper surface. Below the plate is a suction bowl or chamber 9 connected by a pipe 10 and valve 11 to any suitableexhauster 12, or tank from which air is exhausted. At the top of the plate is a pressure bowl or housing 13 movably connected in any suitable way, as by a hinge 14 and swingclamp 15. This housing is connected by a flexible pipe 16, and valve 17, to a pump 18 or tank containing air under pressure. There is a suitable seal for the housing, such as a gasketed channel 19 in the plate, in which the rim of the housing engages.

With the housing 13 raised (see dotted lines, Fig. I) the base or body 2 is placed on plate 5 with its margins overlapping a portion of channel 6. The cover-sheet 3, dimensioned to overlap channel 6, as also shown in Fig. I, is then placed over the body. The cover sheet is rendered more or lessplastic, as by heating, treatment with acetone, etc.

A suitable cement is applied to the under sheet surface or to the body surface. In the case of celluloid, if softened by acetone, other cement may sometimes be dispensed with. Since such material as sheet celluloid is often porous, on account of small pin holes, etc., another sheet 30, of rubber or other suitable flexible and impervious material, is usually placed over the cover sheet. This sheet 30 is conveniently identified as a blanket, or molding or pressing sheet, since it not only serves to prevent airleakage through a porous cover sheet, but materially protects the latter from disruptive strains, etc., during the stretching and shaping operation as will appear.

Housing 13 is then moved to closed position, and secured, as shown in full lines, and valves 11 and 17 are opened, whereupon air is first withdrawn into chamber 9 through holes 7, and pressure is then applied in housing 3 to the superficial surface of the cover or blanket sheet, thus exhausting air from between the adjacent faces of sheet 3 and body 2, and from channel 6, and causing the sheet margin 3 to be drawn down into the channel, as shown in Fig. II, stretching the sheet tightly over and upon the upper surface of the body and about its periphery, and under the peripheral margin, as at 4. A shoulder at the inner upper edge of the channel 6, limits the size of the marginal formation. When a protecting, or blanket sheet such as is used, it directly takes thepressure applied in chamber 13 and applies it to the underlying cover sheet, acting as an impervious seal to prevent air leaking through any porosities of the cover sheet for lodgment between it and the body surface. The blanket also aids in molding or pressing the cover into irregularities, depressions or undercuts of the body, to a great extent relieving the cover sheet of localized strains, and tending to prevent undue stretching or breaking of the cover sheet.

It will be noted that ina preferred mode of operation, while the cover sheet still rests more or less loosely upon the body, low pressure is first produced in chamber 9, thus drawing air, as gradually or rapidly as maybe desired, from below the cover sheet and from between the sheet and the body surface, and exhausting air from the hollow spaces of the latter, in order to permit the sheet to be then drawn and forced down inclose uniform contact with the body surface throughout, and without entrapped air which would produce a blister effect in the finished article; pressure is then, or more-orless concurrently, applied in the upper chamber,

to mold or force the cover sheet, under any required degree of pressure, into contact with the body. v

The cover sheet, if in plastic condition, quickly hardens or sets and more-or-less setting may 2 be permitted before the article is removed; the

housing 13 is opened, the article removed, the protective sheet removed, and the surplus margin of the cover sheet trimmed off, producing the article of Fig. III, in which the body is closely and uniformly covered by the cover sheet, without entrapped air bubbles, and adherently retained by the adhesive. If desired the article may be mounted on another body, or sub-base 20, Fig. IV, whereby the cover margin underlapping body 2 is concealed.

I claim:

1. A method of producing a covered article made up of a body and a sheet of relatively thin cover material overlying one face of the body, its peripheral edge, and underlying its undermargin, comprising applying the sheet to a surface of the body and applying pneumatic pressure to press and permanently fasten the sheet upon the body surface and form sheet marginal edges in underlying engagement with the undermargin of the body.

2. A method of producing a covered article, comprising a body and a sheet of relatively thin cover material overlying one face of the body, its peripheral edge, and underlying its undermargin, the method comprising applying the sheet to a surface of the body and applying pneumatic pressure effects to move air from between the sheet and body, stretch the sheet upon the body surface and form sheet margins in underlying engagement with the under-margin of the body.

3. A method of producing a covered article, made up of a body, and a sheet of relatively thin cover material overlying one face of the body, its peripheral edge, and underlying its undermargin, comprising applying the sheet to a surface of the body and applying pneumatic pressure eifects to remove air from between the sheet and body, stretch the sheet upon the body surface and form sheet margins in underlying engagement with the under-margins of the body, and trimming off superfluous sheet marginal portions.

4. Apparatus for purposes described, comprising a plate having a channel in its surface and said plate having perforations therethrough, and having cross-channels connecting said perforations with the channel first named.

5. The process of claim 2, with the addition that a separate protective sheet is placed over the cover sheet before the pressure treatment.

6. Apparatus for applying a sheet of cover material to a body, and forming marginal edges in underlying engagement with the undermargins of the body, said apparatus comprising a plate provided with a recessed channel in the surface thereof and with perforations through the plate, and means enclosing the channeled and perforated area of the plate to form a pneumatic chamber.

7. Apparatus for applying a sheet of cover material to a body, and forming marginal edges in underlying engagement with the undermargins of the body, said apparatus comprising a plate provided with a recessed channel in the surface thereof and with perforations through the plate, and means enclosing the channeled and perforated area of the plate to form a pneumatic chamber, and means for providing pneuv matic pressure effects in the chamber.

8. Apparatus for applying a sheet of cover material to a body, and forming marginal edges in underlying engagement with the undermargins of the body, said apparatus comprising a plate provided with a recessed channel in the surface thereof and with perforations through the plate, and means enclosing the channeled and perforated area of the plate to form a pneumatic chamber, and means for controllably applying positive pressure in an upper portion of the chamber and negative pressure in a lower portion thereof.

9. Apparatus for applying a sheet of cover material to a body, and forming marginal edges in underlying engagement with the undermargins of the body, said apparatus comprising a plate provided with a recessed channel in the surface thereof and with perforations through the plate, and means enclosing the channeled and perforated area of the plate to form a pneumatic chamber, and means for controllably applying positive pressure in an upper portion of the chamber and negative pressure in a lower portion thereof, one portion of the chamber being movable, to permit emplacement of a body and a sheet of cover material.

i 10. Apparatus for applying a sheet of cover material to a body, and forming marginal edges in underlying engagement with the undermargins of the body, said apparatus comprising a plate provided with a recessed channel in the surface thereof and with perforations through the plate, and means enclosing the channeled and perforated area of the plate to form a pneumatic chamber,said recessed channel being dimensioned provided with a recessed channel and with perforations through the plate, and means enclosing the channeled and perforated area of the plate to form a pneumatic chamber, said recessed channel and said perforations being connected by cross-channels.

JOHN N. WHITEHOUSE.

US376086A 1929-07-05 1929-07-05 Method and apparatus for covering articles with sheet material Expired - Lifetime US1980022A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2422979A (en) * 1943-06-03 1947-06-24 Mach & Tool Designing Company Apparatus for fabricating parts by bonding strips of material
US2548251A (en) * 1946-04-10 1951-04-10 Bergstein Samuel Means and method for securing the effects of end dipping in gas-tight flexible wall packages
US2655459A (en) * 1948-06-11 1953-10-13 James E Gordon Method of producing an aerofoil having a core and a laminated molded skin
US2731654A (en) * 1953-11-23 1956-01-24 Brode Milling Co Inc Van Method of covering articles
US2733752A (en) * 1956-02-07 Machine for manufacturing powder puffs
US2766808A (en) * 1954-09-15 1956-10-16 Us Rubber Co Method of making a shaped laminate of plastic material and base member
US2781077A (en) * 1953-09-09 1957-02-12 Nixon Nitration Works Method for vacuum forming ductile material
US2781078A (en) * 1953-09-09 1957-02-12 Nixon Nitration Works Apparatus for vacuum forming ductile material
US2809141A (en) * 1954-11-15 1957-10-08 Harry W Moore Apparatus for and method of applying insulating material to coils
US2821236A (en) * 1951-10-31 1958-01-28 Us Rubber Co Method and machine for applying valve bases to inner tubes
US2859152A (en) * 1955-04-08 1958-11-04 Aristocrat Leather Products In Method of applying appliques
US2863491A (en) * 1951-06-14 1958-12-09 Gen Dynamics Corp Bonding press
US2874759A (en) * 1953-01-12 1959-02-24 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co Bead seating and inflating device for tubeless tires
US2892294A (en) * 1957-03-01 1959-06-30 Washington Steel Products Inc Packaging apparatus and method
US2905082A (en) * 1954-10-07 1959-09-22 Grotnes Machine Works Inc Method of and means for offset printing
US2912805A (en) * 1955-03-29 1959-11-17 Washington Steel Products Inc Method and apparatus for packaging merchandise
US2958172A (en) * 1957-03-01 1960-11-01 Washington Steel Products Inc Apparatus for packaging articles in a printed plastic sheet
US3024579A (en) * 1958-12-29 1962-03-13 Cyril J Stockhausen Transparent packaging for bearings
US3029180A (en) * 1960-01-07 1962-04-10 United Elastic Corp Splicing of ribbon rubber thread
US3047052A (en) * 1958-07-14 1962-07-31 Gen Electric Apparatus for laminating an electroluminescent cell lay-up
US3057132A (en) * 1956-05-17 1962-10-09 Ekco Products Company Packaging apparatus
DE1154868B (en) * 1960-08-29 1963-09-26 Telefunken Patent A method for the isolation of the core and the winding of toroidal coils or -uebertragern, in particular the message and measuring equipment, by means of preferably thermoplastic Isolierstoffolien
US3352086A (en) * 1963-08-22 1967-11-14 Bischof Hans Packaging
DE1298424B (en) * 1968-03-12 1969-06-26 Grimm Gerhard Deployable mosaic dressing and methods for its preparation
DE2938479A1 (en) * 1979-09-22 1981-04-09 Roesler Draht Ag Stabilising plastics with wire cloth - heating laying them on wire on perforated support and applying vacuum beneath
US4633654A (en) * 1984-07-10 1987-01-06 Tokyo Automatic Machinery Works, Ltd. Air extractor for bag making, filling and packaging machine
US5170609A (en) * 1991-01-22 1992-12-15 Hershey Foods Corporation Fluidic deflator means and method for article packaging
US6673187B2 (en) * 2000-10-07 2004-01-06 The Boeing Company Method for edge wrapping an aircraft interior panel
US20090236772A1 (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-09-24 Compal Electronics, Inc. Pattern transfer mold and pattern transfer method

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2733752A (en) * 1956-02-07 Machine for manufacturing powder puffs
US2422979A (en) * 1943-06-03 1947-06-24 Mach & Tool Designing Company Apparatus for fabricating parts by bonding strips of material
US2548251A (en) * 1946-04-10 1951-04-10 Bergstein Samuel Means and method for securing the effects of end dipping in gas-tight flexible wall packages
US2655459A (en) * 1948-06-11 1953-10-13 James E Gordon Method of producing an aerofoil having a core and a laminated molded skin
US2863491A (en) * 1951-06-14 1958-12-09 Gen Dynamics Corp Bonding press
US2821236A (en) * 1951-10-31 1958-01-28 Us Rubber Co Method and machine for applying valve bases to inner tubes
US2874759A (en) * 1953-01-12 1959-02-24 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co Bead seating and inflating device for tubeless tires
US2781077A (en) * 1953-09-09 1957-02-12 Nixon Nitration Works Method for vacuum forming ductile material
US2781078A (en) * 1953-09-09 1957-02-12 Nixon Nitration Works Apparatus for vacuum forming ductile material
US2731654A (en) * 1953-11-23 1956-01-24 Brode Milling Co Inc Van Method of covering articles
US2766808A (en) * 1954-09-15 1956-10-16 Us Rubber Co Method of making a shaped laminate of plastic material and base member
US2905082A (en) * 1954-10-07 1959-09-22 Grotnes Machine Works Inc Method of and means for offset printing
US2809141A (en) * 1954-11-15 1957-10-08 Harry W Moore Apparatus for and method of applying insulating material to coils
US2912805A (en) * 1955-03-29 1959-11-17 Washington Steel Products Inc Method and apparatus for packaging merchandise
US2859152A (en) * 1955-04-08 1958-11-04 Aristocrat Leather Products In Method of applying appliques
US3057132A (en) * 1956-05-17 1962-10-09 Ekco Products Company Packaging apparatus
US2958172A (en) * 1957-03-01 1960-11-01 Washington Steel Products Inc Apparatus for packaging articles in a printed plastic sheet
US2892294A (en) * 1957-03-01 1959-06-30 Washington Steel Products Inc Packaging apparatus and method
US3047052A (en) * 1958-07-14 1962-07-31 Gen Electric Apparatus for laminating an electroluminescent cell lay-up
US3024579A (en) * 1958-12-29 1962-03-13 Cyril J Stockhausen Transparent packaging for bearings
US3029180A (en) * 1960-01-07 1962-04-10 United Elastic Corp Splicing of ribbon rubber thread
DE1154868B (en) * 1960-08-29 1963-09-26 Telefunken Patent A method for the isolation of the core and the winding of toroidal coils or -uebertragern, in particular the message and measuring equipment, by means of preferably thermoplastic Isolierstoffolien
US3352086A (en) * 1963-08-22 1967-11-14 Bischof Hans Packaging
DE1298424B (en) * 1968-03-12 1969-06-26 Grimm Gerhard Deployable mosaic dressing and methods for its preparation
DE2938479A1 (en) * 1979-09-22 1981-04-09 Roesler Draht Ag Stabilising plastics with wire cloth - heating laying them on wire on perforated support and applying vacuum beneath
US4633654A (en) * 1984-07-10 1987-01-06 Tokyo Automatic Machinery Works, Ltd. Air extractor for bag making, filling and packaging machine
US5170609A (en) * 1991-01-22 1992-12-15 Hershey Foods Corporation Fluidic deflator means and method for article packaging
US6673187B2 (en) * 2000-10-07 2004-01-06 The Boeing Company Method for edge wrapping an aircraft interior panel
US20040108069A1 (en) * 2000-10-07 2004-06-10 The Boeing Company Method and apparatus for edge wrapping an aircraft interior panel
US6854498B2 (en) 2000-10-07 2005-02-15 The Boeing Company Apparatus for edge wrapping an aircraft interior panel
US20090236772A1 (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-09-24 Compal Electronics, Inc. Pattern transfer mold and pattern transfer method

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