US1979405A - Lock and container - Google Patents

Lock and container Download PDF

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Publication number
US1979405A
US1979405A US60773732A US1979405A US 1979405 A US1979405 A US 1979405A US 60773732 A US60773732 A US 60773732A US 1979405 A US1979405 A US 1979405A
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Prior art keywords
bolt
container
lock
package
closure
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Expired - Lifetime
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Louis G Payne
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Louis G Payne
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G29/00Miscellaneous supports, holders, or containers for household use
    • A47G29/14Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels
    • A47G29/20Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles
    • A47G29/24Clamping devices for holding bottles near doors or windows

Description

Nov. 6, 1934. L. G. PAYNE LOCK AND CONTAINER Filed April 27, 1952 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 E 2 mm PT. QT

ATTORNEY Nov. 6, 1934. G. PAYNE 1,979,405

LOCK AND CONTAINER Filed April 27, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 i a 32 I5 I I 36 40 /2 t /6 :i 35 o fiz i: r 37 3\ ,I 7

2'6 h 36 .52 flzrrz a- I 26 I h l 33 x 39 23f 35 a 5 7T. 5

.217 J INVENTOR BY 0503 Q Pqyna @Z ATTORNEY Nov. 6, 1934. L, ca. PAYNE LOCK AND CONTAINER Filed April 27, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR 02455 Payne A TTORNE Y Patented Nov. 6 1934 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE LOCK AND CONTAINER f I Louis G. Payne, Dayton, Wash.

' Application April 27, 1952, Serial No. 607,737

3 Claims.- ((1232-41) This invention is adapted primarily for use by dairymen to secure their delivered product but it will become apparent that it is equally applicable for use where any. package standardized in size is involved.

The invention has as one of its objects to provide a container that is sanitary and that will protect the package from contaminationfrom any source.

bottle.

A further object of the invention is to provide a package container that before a full bottle (or package) can be removed will require a like bottle (empty or full) to be placed in the container, thus always locking in the last inserted bottle.

A further object of the invention is "to provide a container that may contain amultiplicity of other packages and which may have both its closures latched simultaneously.

A further object of the invention is to provide a container that is enclosed, clean and sanitary, that is look protected and that lendsitself readily to insulation against cold or heat and thus may be placed in exposed locations.

With these and other objects in view. reference is now had to the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of ing the relative positions of the priming package the device showand an open closure with respect to the container;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the priming lock,

with the primary latch operating lever broken away, showing the primary and secondary latches in the engagedposition; Fig. 3 is a similar view of Fig.

the primary and secondary latches in the disengaged position;

bolt of the lock;

- Fig. 5 is a similar view to modified form of bolt; Fig. 6 is a perspective view latch;

Fig. 4 is arear elevation of one form of the Fig. 4 showing a v of i the secondary 2 p but showing bly, with part brokenaway, showing the latches in the engaged position, in one compartment and with thelock guard removed;

Fig. 8 is a similar view to Fig. 7 showing the 0 opposite side of thelock and the released position of the latches in the opposite compartment;

Fig. 9 is a sectional elevation of the lock housing showing a modified form of bolt operating handle; l I 'Fig. 10 is'a front elevation thereof; and

Fig. 11 is a detail showing possible insulated construction.

' Having reference to the drawings like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several viewsv and the numeral 1 refers to the device as a whole which consists primarily of a duplex container 2, preferably of rectangular form as shown in the drawings, and containing wholly enclosed therein, a primed lock 3, and indicators 4.

The container 2 consists ofa box preferably of dimensions capable of receiving eight quart bottles of milk, (for which the device is primarily designed), and is divided bya division wall 5 30 to provide two compartments 6 each of a capacity for four bottles.

The container may be constructed to receive other packages of uniform size and also may be provided with insulation, one form. of which is represented inthe detail shown in Fig. 11 where double walls 7 are shown with insulating material 8 contained between the said walls, which insulation will protect the contents, say milk, from being affected either by the heat or cold, and hence the devicemay be placed anywherethat is most convenient without regard to climatic conditions. i

The division wall 5 separating the compartments is centrally positionedv in the container and this wall may also be insulated in the usual manner corresponding to the detail mentioned for the purpose of this invention, andthe compartments thus separated will be termed the partment to designate the functions of the respective compartments being referred to and as the functions alternately change at each operation of the device.

, Forming apart of the front wall 9 and acting as a supportfor the front edge of the division .wall 5 is alock housing 10 which consists of a closure strip 11 and a lock plate 12, the closure strip being centrally positioned on the front 9 of the container while the lock plate is rigidly 0 secured thereto and positioned on the back of the said closure strip and within the container.

The closure strip extends from top to bottom of the container and the lock plate is positioned conveniently closer to the top thereof and extends laterally from side to side past the division wall, which is cut out, as at 13, for the purpose, and thus adapts said plate to both compartments, and the plate is provided with an inner bolt lever guide 14 shown dotted in Figs. 4 and 5, and bolt carriers 15, and the closure strip 11 is likewise provided with an outer bolt lever guide 16 which registers with the inner guide 14, all for a purpose to be explained.

Hingedly attached to the container in any suitable manner, as by hinges 1'7, are closures 18 adapted to close toward the center of the container, against the closure strip 11, thus to close each compartment 6, and each closure is provided with a hasp l9 rigidly secured thereto and consisting of an inturned perforated lug 20, whose perforation 21 is adapted for engagement by a bolt 22, to be described, and a priming lug 23 carried in like manner by the closure 18 and rigidly secured thereto, and consisting of an inturned plate 24 adapted to engage a priming member 25, with the hasp and the priming lug obviously movable with their respective closures, on the said hinges 17.

The lock 3 consists of the said bolt 22 which is slidably mounted in the bolt carrier 15 for lateral movement therein and is provided with a bolt throwing handle 26 adapted for projection through the said outer and inner guides whereby manipulation may occur from the outside of the said container 2.

And by this sliding arrangement the bolt is disposed to engage the perforation 21 of the hasp 19 whereby to secure the closures alternately upon the proper manipulation of said bolt.

The look further includes the said priming means which is obviously separable from the lock as it is intended to prime the look as a preliminary to its operation and requires a package for which the container is constructed and which is directed for its proper associations with the lock to complete the lock assembly.

The bolt 22 is provided on its lower edge with a pair of spaced primary notches 27 and on its upper edge with a pair of like spaced secondary notches 28 positioned opposite to the first named notches, with complemental notches 29 being formed in the lock plate 12, with the notches arranged with one of the primary and one of the secondary notches, together with similar oppositely positioned notches in the plate disposed on one side of the division wall 5 for register when the bolt is extended on the other side of the said wall, and with similar dispositions of the remaining notches on the other side of the wall when the bolt is moved to the opposite position.

The notches of the bolt and plate are preferably of equal lateral width and are intended to receive primary latches 80 and secondary latches 31 respectively in slidable engagement therewith and the notches in the bolt may be elongated to provide for a relatively short movement of the bolt when the latches engage either registering notches which engagement against full movement will still permit suilicient movement to engage both closures without releasing the locked closure.

It is now evident that a primary latch 30 and ing closure assumes the closed position.

the secondary latch 31 occurs in each compartment 6 and those will now be explained;

The secondary latches are pivotally mounted, preferably on the division wall 5 and. are disposed opposite but independent of each other, and each of these latches include a dog 32 projected to register with the secondary notches 28 of the bolt 22 guided by the complemental notch of the plate 12, and further include a projecting arm 33 extended laterally into the path of the hasp 19 for contact with and movement by the inner edge 34 of that member as the correspond- This latch 31 is normally and automatically moved to the locked position by means of a spring 35 disposed to apply a tension thereto when the respective notches are in register and when unrestrained by the said hasp in contact therewith.

The primary latch 30 is similarly mounted on the division wall 5 and consists of a priming latch bar .36, slidably engaging its respective notches, a link 37 pivotally attached thereto and pivotally mounted on the said division Wall, and

a primary latch bar operating lever 38 operably attached to the link for movement perpendicular thereto.

The primary latch bar 36 has its engaging end shaped to decrease its vertical dimension and provide a shoulder 39, the narrowed portion 40 remaining as a guide member and in constant register with the complemental notch in the plate 12, with the shoulder 39 disposed to enter its respective notch for register with the bolt,

this action being automatically accomplished I by means of a spring 41 secured above the pivot of the link and to the division wall for the purpose.

This primary latch is termed an incomplete latch as it is only operable by the addition of the priming means 25, the milk bottle or other package, which is supported and directed for the purpose by an elevated guide table 42, shown partly broken away in Figs. 7 and 8.

The latches may be termed selective as the one is complete within itself while the other is incomplete, requiring a package for its operation.

The guide table consists of a slotted plate 43 adapted to receive the package forming the priming means and to which the priming latch bar operating lever 38 is pivotally attached so that this operating lever is exposed for contact by the priming means, whereby to guide the priming means positively against this operating lever and thus is disposed to cooperatively support the priming means and in the path of the priming lug 23 whence upon closing the closure the priming lug will engage the package, the package in turn engaging the operating lever, and this lever transmitting movement through the link and the priming latch bar to withdraw this bar from the bolt.

The guide table 42 further consists of a flange 44 adapted for securement to the top of the container 2 with an upright piece 45 adapted to be secured to the division wall 5, and the slot 46 therein is obviously adapted to fit the package 25, in this case the neck 4'7 of a milk bottle 48.

It is now evident that with the package inthe mechanism of the lock 3, in turn closed in the container, that picking the lock is practically impossible without the use of considerable force.

And further, that to release the bolt 22, the priming member must be inserted when, if the bolt is thrown toward the receiving compartment the priming member is secured therein and its closure locked by the latches of the opposite or dispensing compartment.

In use it will be found that the receiving compartment is always looked and that this compartment contains the priming member, and that the other compartment, the dispensing compartment, is always unlocked.

Initially the dispensing compartment will be void of content, and being unlocked, is ready to receive the package, when it becomes the receiving compartment.

With the package therein the closure of the now receiving compartment is closed and with the bolt thrown toward this compartment the bolt is locked by the latches in the dispensing compartment when the package (or empty bottle) therein is ready for removal, the dispensing compartment now being unlocked.

Manipulation of the bolt is by means of the bolt throwing handle 26 slidably mounted in the guides of the lock housing and secured to the bolt in any approved manner, and by its use the bolt will be moved toward the compartment forming the receiving compartment when'the latches of the dispensing compartment will automatically engage the notches of the bolt in that compartment and lock the bolt in engagement with the hasp of the closure of the receiving compartment.

Where the enlarged notches 2'7 and 28 are utilized the outer bolt throwing lever guide 16 may be offset as shown at in Fig. 10 whereby the handle 26 will drop into the indentation when the bolt is partly thrown as above explained.

Indicators as shown are mounted on the closures for ready adjustment to the desired position to notify the delivery man of what is wanted for the day.

Having thus described my invention, I claim.

1. In a lock and container, the combination with a container having compartments, each compartment being provided with a slotted guide table and a closure, of an enclosed integral lock contained within said container and including a double acting bolt adapted to slid-' ably engage said closures alternately, and selective primary and secondary latches contained within the compartments of said container to automatically engage said bolt, said primary latch being associated with said guide table and mounted and positioned with respect to the slot therein to be actuated to release said bolt by an added package supported in and directed by said slot to contact said latch, and means associated with said closure to impel said package and release said bolt for manual operation into engagement with the operated closure.

2. In a lock and container, a package container having closures, and a compartment for each closure, and provided with a lock and cover therefor contained within said container, said lock including a double acting bolt adapted to manually engage said closures alternately, and provided with selective latches contained in each compartment and operably protected by said cover, and disposed to automatically secure said bolt upon the opening of either closure, an elevated guide table secured in each compartment and associated with one of said latches and provided with a slot to receive a package to contact the respective latch, and means associated with said closures to impel said package by the closing movement of said closures to operate said latch and release said bolt for manual operation into engagement with the operated closure.

3. In a lock and container, an insulated package container having closures, and providing compartments for each closure adapted to receive a plurality of packages, a lock mounted in said container and provided with a double acting bolt adapted for manual engagement with said closures alternately or collectively, selective latches mounted in the respective compartments for normal engagement With said bolt, an elevated guide table secured in each compartment and associated with said latch and provided with a slot adapted to receive and direct a package to contact said latch, and a priming lug attached to each closure and positioned to register with and impel said package by the closing movement of said closure to operate said latch to release the bolt for manual operation into engagement with the operated closure.

LOUIS G. PAYNE.

US1979405A 1932-04-27 1932-04-27 Lock and container Expired - Lifetime US1979405A (en)

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US1979405A US1979405A (en) 1932-04-27 1932-04-27 Lock and container

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5775579A (en) * 1994-08-30 1998-07-07 Innoratio Aktiengesellschaft Fur Innovative Umwelttechnische System I.Gr. Refuse airlock

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5775579A (en) * 1994-08-30 1998-07-07 Innoratio Aktiengesellschaft Fur Innovative Umwelttechnische System I.Gr. Refuse airlock

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