US1960007A - Phonograph reproducer - Google Patents

Phonograph reproducer Download PDF

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Publication number
US1960007A
US1960007A US639954A US63995432A US1960007A US 1960007 A US1960007 A US 1960007A US 639954 A US639954 A US 639954A US 63995432 A US63995432 A US 63995432A US 1960007 A US1960007 A US 1960007A
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United States
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stylus
reproducer
phonograph
gap
pole piece
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Expired - Lifetime
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US639954A
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Henry C Harrison
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AT&T Corp
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Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
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Priority to US639954A priority Critical patent/US1960007A/en
Priority claimed from FR44045D external-priority patent/FR44045E/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/12Gramophone pick-ups using a stylus; Recorders using a stylus
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/16Mounting or connecting stylus to transducer with or without damping means

Description

May 22, -1934-. H, Q HARRISON 1,960,007
PHoNoGRAPH REPRoDUcER Filed oct. 28. 1932:
/NVEN TOR H. c. HAM/50N 'ATTORNEY Patented May 22, 1934 1,960,007 PnoNoGRArH REPnonUcEn Henry C. Harrison, Port Washington, N. Y., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Application October 28,1932, Serial No. 639,954
9 Claims.
This invention relates to phonograph reproducers and the object of the invention is a high quality reproducer of the hill and dale type which is capable of faithfully `reproducing an original recording without injury to the grooves.
It is often very desirable to playback an original recording immediately after cutting to determine whether it is satisfactory or whether another record must be made. Original recordings are usually made in soft materials such as wax, which can not withstand the high pressures required to vibrate reproducers of the types ordinarily used on commercial pressings. If the pressure required is greatly in excess of the strength of the recording material, the stylus cuts into the groove and the record is then useless for processing purposes. But even when the pressure is reduced to a point where it causes no serious permanent deformation of the groove, it is found with the structures of the prior art that a temporary deformation, due to the resiliency of the material, occurs during reproduction. This causes a distortion in the wave form reproduced which isparticularly noticeable for the higher frequencies. In either case the use of such a playback fails to give a true indication ofthe quality vof the recording. It has been proposed heretofore to build reproducers for playback purposes with very small mechanical impedance at the needlepoint so that'they will be operable by forces which the groove contours can `withstand. In general, however, it Ahas been found very diiiicult to reduce the mass and stiffness of the known types of reproducer moving system suiiiciently to avoid both of the above kinds of groove deformation and at the same time to obtain a practical mechanicalstructure which is satisfactory in other respects. For good results with the usual recording waxes it is found that the stylus pressure should not be in excess of 5 grams and, from the standpoint of temporary deformation, it is preferably much ess.
Iny the present invention the impedance of thev moving system is reduced to a new order of magnitude by simplifying lthe structure, omitting some of the usual component parts and making the parts used of very low mass and stiffness.
. More specifically the stylus is mounted directly The lower omember is used only asa stylus support and isa of somewhat lower lateral stiffness to facilitatel Fig. 1 is a. side view of a reproducer according l to this invention;
Fig. 2 is a bottom view of the reproducer; and Fig. 3 is a section taken as indibated to show particularly the combination stylus support and generating element.
The reproducer consists essentially of a permanent magnet ll, pole pieces 12 and 13, a stylus 14,
and stylus supporting members 15 and 16, the latter of which is also the generating element as will be more fully explained. .f
The pole piece 13 has an upwardly extending portion 17, the face of which is ground iiat to make good contact with one of the poles of the magnet, and an L-shaped portion 18 at its otherend terminating in a V-shaped pole face (Fig. 3) and forming the central pole piece between the arms of the stylus support 16. The non-magnetic member 19 has a recess 20 into which is f1tted the rubber washer 21 for preventing dust and other foreign matter from collecting in the air gap. Dust is prevented from entering the gap from above by a. block 33 of rubber or other suitable material held in place by a screw 34. The member 19is soldered to the end portion 18 of the pole piece 13 and supports the pole piece 12 which is in contact. with the other pole of the magnet 1l and has a V-shaped pole face opposite the pole face of member 18 as shown in Fig. 3.
This assembly is secured by set screws 23, 23 and the magnet by set screw 24 to the brass block 22. The brass block 25 is secured to block 22 by vset screws 26 but insulated therefrom by a sheet of insulating material 27 and a similar sheet 28 insulates bot-h blocks from the pole face 13. The screws 23 are suitably insulated from the pole piece 13 by flat washers 29 and tubular washers 30, 3l and screws 26 are similarly insulated from the block 25 as shown in Fig. 2,
'Ihe member 16 has broad end pieces 32 which are clamped between the insulating sheet 28 and the blocks 22 and 25, respectively. From Fig. 2 it is evident that these blocks project beyond the magnet on either side and they are therefore well adapted to serve as plug contacts for mechanically and electrically connecting the reproducer to the supporting arm,y in addition to their function of a framework on which the resto! the reproducer is assembled. The stylus id is preferably of sapphire or other suitable permanent stylus material and therefore insulates the member 16 from the member l5 and the pole piece 13. The member i5 is held in place by one oi the screws 23 es shown and is preferably in the form oi' a single arm of relatively low lateral stiffness as compared with. the member 16 so that the point of the stylus may more readily follow the groove.
The moving system comprising the members l5 and 16 and the stylus le should be proportioned in accordance with the general theory of reproduoer design set forth in a copending .application or A. C. Keller, Serial No. 492,123 filed October 24, i929, in which it is shown that the fundamental requirement for good tracking is that the force exerted by the stylus on the record shall never be less than the product of the vibratory velocity oi the stylus and the mechanical impedance ci the moving system. in equation iorrn this may be written:
SQVZ where S is the effective stiiiness oi the system in dynes l per centimeter Q is the initial displacement of the moving systern incentimeters produced when the reproducer is piaced on the record 'V is the maximum vibratory velocity of the system in centimeters per second, and
Z is the impedance of the system in mechanical ohms, all or.' which are referred to the stylus point.
ln addition to the tracking requirement, the impedance must be kept very low so that the reproducer will operate at very low record pressures. This is attained by making the stylus and its supporting members very light in. Weight and the stiffness of the members as low as possible from a tracking standpoint. It has been found, for example, that very good results are obtained with a structure having a total eilective mass of 1.5 milligrams and an eective stiffness of .35X 10-6 dynes per centimeter.
From the standpoint of eiiiciency it may be desirable to form the member 16 from round Wire of bronze or other suitable material of about li mils diameter so that the length of the air gap can be a minimum. Such a structure, however, is diiiicult to assemble accurately and hence thin iiat material of relatively greater width than depth such as 6 mils 4 mils is sometimes preferable. With either the Wire or :dat material so proportioned that the moving system has constants of the order of those given above, the reproducer will track satisfactorily with a pressure of 2 grams or less and may be used to play back original soft waxes repeatedly Without appreciably aiecting the quality of the record.
The operation of the reproducer will be readily understood from the foregoing description of the structure. When suitably supported on a reproducer arm as by spring clips contacting the sides of blocks 22 and 25, and properly counterweighted. the stylus will exert a pressure on the record oi the order of 2 grains and `members lo and lo will be deflected to provide the necessary restoring force to maintain Contact with the groove. The undulations or a hill and dale groove will vibrate the stylus vertically member lo will cut the iiux between .the pole piece l2 and the end portion i3 of the pole piece 13, The member i6 is therefore effectively a coil comprising a partial turn and the electromedoc? motive forces generated in the two portions oi the member are additive.
While the invention has been described with reference to a single embodiment it will be understood that various changes may be made within the scope oi the following claims.
What is claimed is:
i.. ln a phonograph reproducer the combination with a frame and a magnetic circuit mounted on the frame and having an air gap, of a stylus and a supporting member'therefor disposed in the gap connected directly to the stylus and the trame and constituting the generating element ci the reproducer.
L. In a phonograph reproducer the combination with a frame and a magnetic circuit having a central pole piece and a gap on either side ci `the pole piece, of a stylus and spaced parallel members or low mass and stiiness fixed at one.
end to the trame and connected directly to the stylus, one of said members being .located in the gap and constituting the generating element of the reproducen 3. in a playback reproducer for reproducing original recordings the combination with a frame and a magnetic circuit mounted on the frame and having an air gap, oi. a moving system comprising a stylus and a combined stylus supporting and generating element disposed in the air gap and connecting the stylus to the frame, the effective needlepoint mass of the system being of the order of 1.5 milligrams and the eiiective needlepoint stiffness being of the order of .35 lor@ dynes per centimeter.
e. In a phonograph reproducer a combination stylus support and dynamic generating element comprising a ll-shaped member adapted to be fixed at one end to the reproducer structure and to be vibrated by a stylus secured to the other end. 5. A low impedance moving system for phonograph reproducers comprising a stylus, a lower supporting member :for the stylus'and an upper supporting member comprising a partial turn dynamic generating element.
6. in a phonograph reproducer a non-magnetic 'gap and constituting the generating element of the reproducer.
8. A playback reproducer comprising a frame, a magnet extension having a gap mounted on the frame, and a moving system comprising a stylus. a lower supporting element and a partial turn coil supported by the frame disposed in the and connected directly to the stylus.
9. a phonograph neproducerA the combination with a magnetic circuit having an air gap, a stylus and a combined stylus support generating element disposed in the gap, of resilient material surrounding the stylus for excluding dust from the gap and damping the vibrations oi the stylus.
HErlRY C J. HARRISON.
US639954A 1932-10-28 1932-10-28 Phonograph reproducer Expired - Lifetime US1960007A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US639954A US1960007A (en) 1932-10-28 1932-10-28 Phonograph reproducer

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US639954A US1960007A (en) 1932-10-28 1932-10-28 Phonograph reproducer
GB2834033A GB427024A (en) 1932-10-28 1933-10-13 Improvements in or relating to electro-dynamic phonograph reproducers
DEE44812D DE622278C (en) 1932-10-28 1933-10-20 Electrodynamic pickup
FR44045D FR44045E (en) 1929-10-24 1933-10-26 Improvements to bran breeders

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DE (1) DE622278C (en)
GB (1) GB427024A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2478712A (en) * 1947-04-03 1949-08-09 Crosley Broadcasting Corp Electrodynamic phonograph pickup
US2547361A (en) * 1947-05-19 1951-04-03 Donald J Baker Pickup head using torsional mount for armatures
US2854529A (en) * 1954-03-18 1958-09-30 Ferranti Ltd Gramophone pick-up heads
US3020361A (en) * 1956-01-23 1962-02-06 Jerry B Minter Electromagnetic engraving apparatus

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2507188A (en) * 1947-05-13 1950-05-09 Herbert K Neuber Electrostatic phonograph pickup

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2478712A (en) * 1947-04-03 1949-08-09 Crosley Broadcasting Corp Electrodynamic phonograph pickup
US2547361A (en) * 1947-05-19 1951-04-03 Donald J Baker Pickup head using torsional mount for armatures
US2854529A (en) * 1954-03-18 1958-09-30 Ferranti Ltd Gramophone pick-up heads
US3020361A (en) * 1956-01-23 1962-02-06 Jerry B Minter Electromagnetic engraving apparatus

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GB427024A (en) 1935-04-15
DE622278C (en) 1935-11-25

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