US1958736A - Hot water system - Google Patents

Hot water system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1958736A
US1958736A US663994A US66399433A US1958736A US 1958736 A US1958736 A US 1958736A US 663994 A US663994 A US 663994A US 66399433 A US66399433 A US 66399433A US 1958736 A US1958736 A US 1958736A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
boiler
pipe
water
tank
heating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US663994A
Inventor
James T Barrow
Original Assignee
James T Barrow
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by James T Barrow filed Critical James T Barrow
Priority to US663994A priority Critical patent/US1958736A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1958736A publication Critical patent/US1958736A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/08Hot-water central heating systems in combination with systems for domestic hot-water supply
    • F24D3/087Tap water heat exchangers specially adapted therefore

Description

J. T. BARROW May 15, 1934.
HOT WATER SYSTEM Filed April 1, 1933 JAMA? I: BARRow INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented May 15, 1934 PATENT oF icE 1,958,736 HOT WATER SYSTEM James T. Barrow, New York, N. Y. Application April 1, 1933, Serial No. 663,994
3 Claims. (Cl. 122-20) My invention relates to water heating systems and has particular reference to systems employing heating coils used in conjunction with steam boilers andhot water tanks.
5 Hot water tanks for household purposes can be economically heated by special heat exchangers connected with heating steam boilers. In summer, however, when the heating boilers are not operated, it becomes necessary to provide spel cial burners for the hot water tanks, these burners representing a rather expensive installation. In order to provide a simple, inexpensive and economical means for heating water in summer, I use a special heating coil placed in a furnace of a steam boiler above the burner and in the path of the hot products of combustion. This coil is connected with a hot water tank providing continuous circulation while the coil is being heated by the regular boiler burner, thereby furnishing hot water for household purposes. My arrangement is especially suitable for use with oil burners which can be regulated so as to furnish just enough heat for the coil without raising steam in the boiler.
I also provide valve connections with the boiler 25 so as to connect the coil with theboiler when deshed and when the latter is being operated. In winter the coil can be connected with the boiler so as to form a part of it thereby increasing its heating surface and capacity, and improving the boiler efliciency by the better utilization of the exhaust gases. Water in the hot water tank can be then heated by the boiler water using an ordinary heat exchanger.
My invention is more fully explained in the accompanying specification and drawing in which the single figure represents a sectional elevation of a boiler with my heating system.
My heating system consists of a heating coil 1 with inlet and outlet pipes 2 and 3 respectively. The pipes extend through the walls of a steam boiler 4, the coil being supported on these pipes in a furnace 5 above an oil burner 6. The outlet pipe 3 is connected with a pipe 7 extending to the top of a hot water tank 3, and the inlet pipe 2 is connected with the bottom of the tank 8 through a pipe 9. A pipe 10 is connected with a source of fresh (cold) water (not shown), also with a drain pipe 11 having a valve 12. A heat exchanger coil 13 is connected at one end with the pipe 7 and at the other end with the pipe 2. This coil is placed in a heat exchanger 14 connected at the bottom with a hot water pipe 15, and. at the top with the upper portion of the boiler through pipes 16 and 17. The pipe 3 is also connected with the boiler 55 through a pipe 13 extending from the lower end of a water gage 19 and also connected withthe pipe 1'? through a pipe 20. The pipes 2 and 15 are connected by a pipe 21. The reference numeral 22 designates a thermostat which is used in a. well known way to cause the oil burner 6 to 00 operate when the water temperature is too low.
A safety valve 23 is connected with the pipe 3. The pipe 18 has a valve 24, the pipe 3 has a valve 25, the pipe 21 has a valve 26, and the pipe 2 has a valve 27. These valves have handles 28, 29, 30 05 and 31 respectively with slots engaging pins 32 on a sliding rod 33 mounted in vertical bearings 34. One end of the rod 33 is connected with a lever 35 pivoted on a shaft 36 in a bracket 37. The'free end of the lever is shaped as a handle.
The operation of my system is as follows.
During the winter, when the boiler 4 is being operated for heating the house by steam taken through the outlet pipe 40, thelever 35 must be turned as shown on the drawing with the hanl5 dle depressed, thereby raising the control rod 33. The valves 24 and 26 then are open and the valves 25 and 2'? are closed. The coil 1 is then connected with the boiler and serves only for better utilization of the hot products of combustion in the furnace, increasing the boiler heating surface. Cold water from the feed pipe 10 passes into the lower end of the exchanger 'by the pipe 2 and 38. Heated water from the coil 1 enters the upper portion of the boiler through the pipes 3 and 18 and the lower pipe of the gauge 19. Hot water for household purposes is taken through the pipe 39 directly from the tank. The hot boiler water circulates through the heat exchanger 14 which is connected at the bottom with the pipe 15, and at the top with the pipes 3, 18, 20 and 16, and also with the steam pipe 1'7. The hot water in the heat exchanger heats the coil 13 which is connected with the top and bottom of the hot water tank 8 by the pipes '7 and 38 respectively. Under ordinary conditions of boiler operation there is enough heat imparted to the coil 13 to maintain circulation through this coil and through the tank thereby heating the water in tank. The automatic regulator 22 controls the'temperature of water in the boiler at the top, being connected to the pipe 18. This regulator may be of any ordinary construction as used for this purpose in heating boiler installations.
During the warm weather when the boiler is not operated, the lever 35 is turned so as to lower the control rod 33 thereby closing the valves 24 and 26 and opening the valves 25 and 27. The coil 1 becomes then disconnected from 110 the boiler and directly connected with the tank 8 through the pipes 2 and 'Z. The burner 6 is controlled by the automatic heat regulator 22 to give just enough heat for heating the coil 1 without raising steam in the boiler the regulator having a manual adjustment for this purpose. The water heatedin the coil tank so that all water in the tank by proper setting of the heat regulator becomes heated. The heated boiler water also circulates through the heat exchanger as a heating adjunct tothe coil 1 passing through the exchanger 14 thereby heating the water coil 13 which is connected to the tank by the pipe 7. The temperature of the water in the tank is controlled indirectly through the exchanger by the heat regulator which renders the temperature of the water in the tank ficiently, the waste gases being used for heat-,
ing water in the coil 1. This coil also adds to the effective boiler heating surface thereby increasing its output. A large storage of hot water is unnecessary with my system because of I the fact that the heating is almost instantaneous.
By using water from the tank and admitting the cold water to the boiler lowers the boiler temperature thereby operating the hydro-switch.
The operation ofmy system is very simple, a single movement of the control handle being suflicient for changing the arrangement for winter or summer ,uses.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a water heating system, the combination with a water heating element supported in a boiler furnace, of pipes connecting the top and bottom of said element with the top and bottom of a hot water tank outside oi. said boiler, a heat exchanger outside oisaid boiler consisting of an inner and outer members, the top and bottom of said inner member being connected with the top and bottom of said tank, pipe connections between the ends of said heating element and said boiler, valves in said boiler rise connections,
valves in said tank pipe connections with said circulates through -theelement outside of said boiler pipes, and pipe connections between said boiler and said outer heat exchange member, means for controlling said valves so that when said boiler valves are closed and said tank valves are .open, and said heating element heats the water in said tank and in said heat exchanger thereby indirectly heating the water in said boiler, and when said boiler valves are open and said tank valves are closed, said heating element assists in heating the water in said boiler, and the water in said tank is heated through said heat exchanger from said boiler.
2. In a water heating system, the combination with a water heating element supported in a boiler furnace, of pipes connecting said element at the top and at the bottom with the top and bottom of a hot water tank outside of said boiler, a heat exchanger outside of said boiler consist ing of an inner and outer members, the top and bottom of said inner member being connected with the top and bottom of said tank, pipe connections between the ends of said heating element and said boiler, valves in said boiler pipe connections with said element, valves in said tank pipe connections outside of said boiler pipe connections, pipe connections between said boiler and said outer heat exchange member, and a member connecting all four of said valves, said member being adapted to be moved manually be-,105 tween two limiting positions, in one position said boiler valves being open and said tank valves being closedfand in another position said boiler valves being closed and said tank valves being open.
3. In a water heating system, the combination with a water heating element supported in a boiler furnace, of pipes connecting said element Y at the top and at the bottom with the top and bottom of a hot water tank in circuit outside of said boiler, pipes connecting said element with said boiler in circuit, a heat exchanger outside of said boiler comprising inside and outside members, one of said members being connected with said element in circuit and the other member being connected with said tank in circuit, and means to manually open the connections between said element and said boiler while closing the connections between said element and said tank, said means being also adapted to manually close the connections between said element and said boiler while opening the connections between said element and said'tank.
, JAMES '1. BARROW. 13o
US663994A 1933-04-01 1933-04-01 Hot water system Expired - Lifetime US1958736A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US663994A US1958736A (en) 1933-04-01 1933-04-01 Hot water system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US663994A US1958736A (en) 1933-04-01 1933-04-01 Hot water system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1958736A true US1958736A (en) 1934-05-15

Family

ID=24664067

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US663994A Expired - Lifetime US1958736A (en) 1933-04-01 1933-04-01 Hot water system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1958736A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2613653A (en) * 1951-08-20 1952-10-14 Wald Samuel Fuel saving furnace
US4415119A (en) * 1981-04-01 1983-11-15 Fagersta Ab Boiler
US20090095235A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2009-04-16 Cosmogas S.R.L. Heat exchanger for a combined boiler, and combined boiler using said heat exchanger
US20140199453A1 (en) * 2011-05-26 2014-07-17 Unity Fuels Llc Method and system for processing used cooking oil

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2613653A (en) * 1951-08-20 1952-10-14 Wald Samuel Fuel saving furnace
US4415119A (en) * 1981-04-01 1983-11-15 Fagersta Ab Boiler
US20090095235A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2009-04-16 Cosmogas S.R.L. Heat exchanger for a combined boiler, and combined boiler using said heat exchanger
US20140199453A1 (en) * 2011-05-26 2014-07-17 Unity Fuels Llc Method and system for processing used cooking oil

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1633759A (en) Thermostatic control for domestic and hot-water heaters
US1959933A (en) Water heating system
US1958736A (en) Hot water system
US2204708A (en) Heating system
US2189749A (en) Water heater
US2322872A (en) Heating system
US1029300A (en) Water-heater.
US2048393A (en) Triple service water heater and boiler
US2032447A (en) Water heating and storage system with dual thermostatic control
US2070987A (en) Combination gas range and water heater
US2176539A (en) Heating system
US1643223A (en) Water-heating system
US1908149A (en) Storage type fluid heater
US2126732A (en) Water-heating system
US1992251A (en) Combined heating and domestic hot water supply system
US1908041A (en) Water heater
US2008568A (en) Hot water heating system with auxiliary domestic water heater
US405504A (en) Heating apparatus
US1543257A (en) Stand boiler
US1807481A (en) Hot water heating system
US1564621A (en) Water heater
US2586416A (en) Gas conversion apparatus
US2808034A (en) Flow heater
US2375517A (en) Furnace
US1665520A (en) Water-heater attachment for furnaces