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US1954659A - Candle and method of making same - Google Patents

Candle and method of making same Download PDF

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Publication number
US1954659A
US1954659A US55544631A US1954659A US 1954659 A US1954659 A US 1954659A US 55544631 A US55544631 A US 55544631A US 1954659 A US1954659 A US 1954659A
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US
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Prior art keywords
oil
candle
vegetable
hydrogenated
sustaining
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Howard C Will
Original Assignee
Will & Baumer Candle Co Inc
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11CFATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM
    • C11C5/00Candles
    • C11C5/002Ingredients

Description

Patented Apr. 10, 1934 CANDLE AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME Howard (3. Will, Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to Will & Baumer Candle (30., 1110., Syracuse, N. Y., a corporation of New York No Drawing. Application August 6, 1931, Serial No. 555,446

8 Claims. (Cl. 8721) This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in candles and method of producing the same.

The main object of the invention is to produce an improved solid or self-sustaining candle capable of being used in rubrics by reason of the fact that it contains or comprises rift or more percent of vegetable oil, as required.

Heretoiore, lights used in rubrics which are required to contain fifty or more percent of a vegetable oil have been in liquid or semi-liquid form, with the result that it was necessary to burn such lights with the liquid or semi-liquid confined or contained in a receptacle.

This invention is perhaps best adapted to candles of long-burning character and size, such as eight-day candles, but has various adaptations.

I have found that a very satisfactory candle can be produced which comprises a substantial percentage, as or more vegetable oil combined with paraiiin wax, stearic acid, beeswax or other waxes if the vegetable oil, such as rapeseed oil is first hydrogenated and then mixed with the parafiin wax, stearic acid, beeswax or other waxes. The hydrogenation of the vegetable oil such as perhaps preferably rape-seed oil may be effected in any suitable and well known manner, and a perhaps preferred composition consists of 51% of hydrogenated rape-seed oil thoroughly combined or mixed with 49% of paraffin wax, stearic acid, beeswax, or other wax, or any combination of such waxes.

The combined materials are molded in any suitable and well known manner to a desired shape and size.

It is found that by the use of this method and the materials described, a candle which is solid and self-sustaining results, and the oiliness natural to vegetable oils does not appear or exist in the completed candle. These candles can be burned in the same manner as ordinary candles and by reason of their solid, self-sustaining nature are not necessarily enclosed Within receptacles.

It will be apparent that the percentage of hydrogenated vegetable oil, preferably rape-seed oil, altho other oils such as olive oil may be used, can be widely varied so long as the composition comprises 50% or more of such hydrogenated vegetable oil if the candle is to be used in rubrics.

Further, various waxes or combinations of waxes may be combined with the hydrogenated vegetable oil and their percentage may vary in accordance with the percentage of hydrogenated vegetable oil selected.

I claim:

1. A self-sustaining candle consisting of a homogeneous solid mass comprising approximately 49 percent of wax and approximately 51 percent of a hydrogenated vegetable oil.

2. A self-sustaining candle consisting of a homogeneous solid mass comprising approximately 49 percent of wax and approximately 51 percent of hydrogenated rape seed oil.

3. A form sustaining candle having a wick therein and consisting of pure beeswax and a hydrogenated non-drying or semi-drying vegetable oil.

4. A form sustaining candle having a wick therein and consisting of pure beeswax and a hydrogenated vegetable oil.

5. A self-sustaining candle consisting of a homogeneous solid mass having a wick therein and comprising wax and a hydrogenated vegetable oil.

6. A self-sustaining candle consisting of a homogeneous solid mass having a wick therein comprising at least approximately 50% of hydrogenated Vegetable oil and a wax.

7. A self-sustaining candle consisting of a homogeneous solid mass having a wick therein and comprising at least approximately 50% of hydrogenated rape seed oil and a wax.

8. A form-sustaining candle having a wick therein and consisting of at least approximately 50% of a hydrogenated oil and the remainder of wax.

HOWARD C. WILL.

US1954659A 1931-08-06 1931-08-06 Candle and method of making same Expired - Lifetime US1954659A (en)

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US1954659A US1954659A (en) 1931-08-06 1931-08-06 Candle and method of making same

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1954659A US1954659A (en) 1931-08-06 1931-08-06 Candle and method of making same

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US1954659A true US1954659A (en) 1934-04-10

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2686349A1 (en) * 1991-10-09 1993-07-23 Lin Kuo Lung Method for the manufacture of a candle and wax composition employed
US6284007B1 (en) 1998-08-12 2001-09-04 Indiana Soybean Board, Inc. Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
WO2002048295A2 (en) * 2000-11-02 2002-06-20 Honeywell International Inc. Vegetable-based compositions and articles, and methods of making same
US6503285B1 (en) 2001-05-11 2003-01-07 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol based candle wax
US20030017431A1 (en) * 2001-03-06 2003-01-23 Murphy Timothy A. Vegetable oil based wax compositions
US20030022121A1 (en) * 2000-11-02 2003-01-30 Charles Biggs Vegetable-based compositions and articles, and methods of making same
US20030046860A1 (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-03-13 Archer Daniels Midland Co. Vegetable fat-based candles
US20030057599A1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2003-03-27 Murphy Timothy A. Triacylglycerol based wax compositions
US20030061760A1 (en) * 2001-03-08 2003-04-03 Bernard Tao Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US6599334B1 (en) 2000-04-25 2003-07-29 Jill M. Anderson Soybean wax candles
US6645261B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2003-11-11 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US6730137B2 (en) * 2001-11-14 2004-05-04 Bath & Body Works, Inc. Vegetable oil candle
US6733548B2 (en) 2001-02-09 2004-05-11 Johna L. Rasmussen Shimmering candle cream
US20040088907A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-05-13 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol based wax for use in container candles
US20040088908A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-05-13 Cargill, Inc Triacylglycerol based wax for use in candles
US6758869B2 (en) * 2000-02-02 2004-07-06 Cleanwax, Llp Non sooting paraffin containing candle
US20040221503A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2004-11-11 Cargill, Incorporated Wax and wax-based products
US6852140B1 (en) 1999-09-24 2005-02-08 Cleanwax, Llc Low-soot, low-smoke renewable resource candle
US20050158679A1 (en) * 2004-01-17 2005-07-21 Qin Chen Compression-molded vegetable wax-based candle
US20060075679A1 (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-04-13 Cap Daniel S Acetylated wax compositions and articles containing them
US20090217568A1 (en) * 2005-01-10 2009-09-03 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Candle and candle wax containing metathesis and metathesis-like products
US7588607B1 (en) 2005-03-16 2009-09-15 Daniel S. Cap Candlewax compositions with improved scent-throw
US20100024281A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2010-02-04 Daniel Wayne Lemke Wax compositions and methods of preparing wax compositions
US20100047499A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2010-02-25 Diza Pearl Braksmayer Hot Melt Adhesive Compositions Comprising Metathesized Unsaturated Polyol Ester Wax
EP2167874A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2010-03-31 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Hybrid wax compositions for use in compression molded wax articles such as candles
US20100132250A1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2010-06-03 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Prilled waxes comprising small particles and smooth-sided compression candles made therefrom
US20110219667A1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-09-15 Dimaio Jeffrey R Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making
US20130236843A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Ner Lamea Ltd. Solid olive oil candle and methods for the production thereof
US8641814B2 (en) 2010-05-12 2014-02-04 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Natural oil based marking compositions and their methods of making
US9139801B2 (en) 2011-07-10 2015-09-22 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Metallic soap compositions for various applications
US9249360B2 (en) 2010-07-09 2016-02-02 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Compositions derived from metathesized natural oils and amines and methods of making
US9458411B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2016-10-04 Cargill, Incorporated Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making

Cited By (76)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2686349A1 (en) * 1991-10-09 1993-07-23 Lin Kuo Lung Method for the manufacture of a candle and wax composition employed
US20040200136A1 (en) * 1998-08-12 2004-10-14 Indiana Soybean Board, Inc. Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US6284007B1 (en) 1998-08-12 2001-09-04 Indiana Soybean Board, Inc. Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US7387649B2 (en) 1998-08-12 2008-06-17 Tao Bernard Y Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US20080138753A1 (en) * 1998-08-12 2008-06-12 Bernard Tao Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US8137418B2 (en) 1998-08-12 2012-03-20 Indiana Soybean Alliance Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US7569084B2 (en) 1998-08-12 2009-08-04 Bernard Tao Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US7731767B2 (en) 1998-08-12 2010-06-08 Indiana Soybean Board, Inc. Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US8404003B2 (en) 1998-08-12 2013-03-26 Indiana Soybean Board, Inc. Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US6497735B2 (en) 1998-08-12 2002-12-24 Indiana Soybean Board Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US6852140B1 (en) 1999-09-24 2005-02-08 Cleanwax, Llc Low-soot, low-smoke renewable resource candle
US6758869B2 (en) * 2000-02-02 2004-07-06 Cleanwax, Llp Non sooting paraffin containing candle
US6645261B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2003-11-11 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US20040047886A1 (en) * 2000-03-06 2004-03-11 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US8529924B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2013-09-10 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Triacyglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US7217301B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2007-05-15 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US8202329B2 (en) 2000-03-06 2012-06-19 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US20070282000A1 (en) * 2000-03-06 2007-12-06 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol-based alternative to paraffin wax
US6599334B1 (en) 2000-04-25 2003-07-29 Jill M. Anderson Soybean wax candles
WO2002048295A2 (en) * 2000-11-02 2002-06-20 Honeywell International Inc. Vegetable-based compositions and articles, and methods of making same
WO2002048295A3 (en) * 2000-11-02 2003-06-12 Honeywell Int Inc Vegetable-based compositions and articles, and methods of making same
US20030022121A1 (en) * 2000-11-02 2003-01-30 Charles Biggs Vegetable-based compositions and articles, and methods of making same
US6733548B2 (en) 2001-02-09 2004-05-11 Johna L. Rasmussen Shimmering candle cream
US20030017431A1 (en) * 2001-03-06 2003-01-23 Murphy Timothy A. Vegetable oil based wax compositions
US6824572B2 (en) 2001-03-06 2004-11-30 Cargill, Incorporated Vegetable oil based wax compositions
US20030061760A1 (en) * 2001-03-08 2003-04-03 Bernard Tao Vegetable lipid-based composition and candle
US8070833B2 (en) 2001-05-11 2011-12-06 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Triacyglycerol based candle wax
US20040221504A1 (en) * 2001-05-11 2004-11-11 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based candle wax
US6770104B2 (en) 2001-05-11 2004-08-03 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based candle wax
US7462205B2 (en) 2001-05-11 2008-12-09 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Triacylglycerol based candle wax
US20090119977A1 (en) * 2001-05-11 2009-05-14 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Triacyglycerol based candle wax
US6503285B1 (en) 2001-05-11 2003-01-07 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol based candle wax
US20030046860A1 (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-03-13 Archer Daniels Midland Co. Vegetable fat-based candles
US20070039237A1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2007-02-22 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based wax composition
US20030057599A1 (en) * 2001-09-25 2003-03-27 Murphy Timothy A. Triacylglycerol based wax compositions
US8021443B2 (en) 2001-09-25 2011-09-20 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Triacylglycerol based wax composition
US7128766B2 (en) 2001-09-25 2006-10-31 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based wax compositions
US6730137B2 (en) * 2001-11-14 2004-05-04 Bath & Body Works, Inc. Vegetable oil candle
US20040088908A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-05-13 Cargill, Inc Triacylglycerol based wax for use in candles
US6773469B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2004-08-10 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based wax for use in candles
US6797020B2 (en) 2002-11-12 2004-09-28 Cargill, Incorporated Triacylglycerol based wax for use in container candles
US20040088907A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-05-13 Cargill, Inc. Triacylglycerol based wax for use in container candles
US20060272200A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2006-12-07 Cargill, Incorporated Wax and wax-based products
US7833294B2 (en) 2003-05-08 2010-11-16 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Wax and wax-based products
US7192457B2 (en) 2003-05-08 2007-03-20 Cargill, Incorporated Wax and wax-based products
US8157873B2 (en) 2003-05-08 2012-04-17 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Wax and wax-based products
US20040221503A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2004-11-11 Cargill, Incorporated Wax and wax-based products
US20110165529A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2011-07-07 Murphy Timothy A Wax and wax-based products
US20050158679A1 (en) * 2004-01-17 2005-07-21 Qin Chen Compression-molded vegetable wax-based candle
US20070144058A1 (en) * 2004-01-17 2007-06-28 Qin Chen Compression-molded vegetable wax-based candle
US7510584B2 (en) 2004-10-13 2009-03-31 Daniel S. Cap Acetylated wax compositions and articles containing them
US20060075679A1 (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-04-13 Cap Daniel S Acetylated wax compositions and articles containing them
US20090217568A1 (en) * 2005-01-10 2009-09-03 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Candle and candle wax containing metathesis and metathesis-like products
US8685118B2 (en) 2005-01-10 2014-04-01 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Candle and candle wax containing metathesis and metathesis-like products
US8911515B2 (en) 2005-01-10 2014-12-16 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Candle and candle wax containing metathesis and metathesis-like products
US7588607B1 (en) 2005-03-16 2009-09-15 Daniel S. Cap Candlewax compositions with improved scent-throw
US20100047499A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2010-02-25 Diza Pearl Braksmayer Hot Melt Adhesive Compositions Comprising Metathesized Unsaturated Polyol Ester Wax
US8344052B2 (en) 2006-07-12 2013-01-01 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Hot melt adhesive compositions comprising metathesized unsaturated polyol ester wax
US8940090B2 (en) 2007-02-16 2015-01-27 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Wax compositions and methods of preparing wax compositions
US20100024281A1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2010-02-04 Daniel Wayne Lemke Wax compositions and methods of preparing wax compositions
US8603197B2 (en) 2007-02-16 2013-12-10 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Wax compositions and methods of preparing wax compositions
US20100132250A1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2010-06-03 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Prilled waxes comprising small particles and smooth-sided compression candles made therefrom
US8551194B2 (en) 2007-05-30 2013-10-08 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Prilled waxes comprising small particles and smooth-sided compression candles made therefrom
US8652221B2 (en) 2007-06-15 2014-02-18 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Hybrid wax compositions for use in compression molded wax articles such as candles
US20100205851A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2010-08-19 Uptain Kevin D Hybrid wax compositions for use in compression molded wax articles such as candles
EP2167874A4 (en) * 2007-06-15 2010-10-06 Elevance Renewable Sciences Hybrid wax compositions for use in compression molded wax articles such as candles
EP2167874A1 (en) * 2007-06-15 2010-03-31 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Hybrid wax compositions for use in compression molded wax articles such as candles
US20110219667A1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-09-15 Dimaio Jeffrey R Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making
US8500826B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2013-08-06 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making
US8876919B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2014-11-04 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making
US8641814B2 (en) 2010-05-12 2014-02-04 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Natural oil based marking compositions and their methods of making
US9867771B2 (en) 2010-07-09 2018-01-16 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Waxes derived from metathesized natural oils and amines and methods of making
US9249360B2 (en) 2010-07-09 2016-02-02 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Compositions derived from metathesized natural oils and amines and methods of making
US9458411B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2016-10-04 Cargill, Incorporated Lipid-based wax compositions substantially free of fat bloom and methods of making
US9139801B2 (en) 2011-07-10 2015-09-22 Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. Metallic soap compositions for various applications
US20130236843A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Ner Lamea Ltd. Solid olive oil candle and methods for the production thereof

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