US195440A - Extension-ladders - Google Patents

Extension-ladders Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US195440A
US195440A US195440DA US195440A US 195440 A US195440 A US 195440A US 195440D A US195440D A US 195440DA US 195440 A US195440 A US 195440A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
section
side rails
ladders
wheels
extension
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US195440A publication Critical patent/US195440A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06CLADDERS
    • E06C7/00Component parts, supporting parts, or accessories
    • E06C7/06Securing devices or hooks for parts of extensible ladders

Description

L. c. BOYINGTON. EXTENSION-LADDERS.

No. 195,440. Patented Sept. 25,1877.

.WITNEEBE? INVENT'U Stratification forming na rlmf. Letters Patti To all whom it may concern:

Be'it known that I, LEVI O. BOYINGTON, of Chicago, in the county of Oook'and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Extension-Ladders; and I do elevation ofthe-sam e, and Fig. 3 represents a sectional plan of the same taken on the linear as drawn across Fig.1.,

Like letters of reference indicate like parts. My invention relates to that class of ladders formed of two or more sections coupled together, and so arranged as to admit of being adjusted to lengthen or shorten the same at will; and my invention consists inthe means employed for holding the movable section at any requisite adjusted point when extended, and in the novel construction of the stirrup employed to connect the upper section to the lower section, as will be more fully set forth in the following description and claims.

In the drawing, A represents the lower section of the ladder, and A the upper section, both of which are constructed in the usual manner, and so that the width of the section A shall exceed the width of the section A sufficient to allow the side rails of the section A to rest against the rounds and between the side rails of thesection A, as shown in Fig. 1.

O 0 are metal stirrups, which are permanently attached to the upper end of the side rails of the lower section A, as shown in Fig. 3. These stirrups are each made of a single ,piece of flat iron bent in a quadrilateral shape, so as to fit against the sides and back of the side rails of the section A and extend forward from the said side rails, as shown in Fig. 3, and the ends of the side bar are welded together so as to produce a bracket, d, extending inward toward the center of the section, and in a plane parallel with the plane of the front edge of the side rails. These brackets ,EQM September 5, 1 8 7'7 application filed 5.1mm gogisrr. t,

are each rounded oft onthe loack, and are located at a proper distance forward of the upper round of the lower section A, to allow the side rails of the section A to pass loosely between them and the said round, as shown in Fig. 3.

The object of making the stirrups in quadrilateral form is to cause the part a to form a brace to the bracket, and thereby greatly increase the strength of the same; and the object of rounding off the back of the bracket is to reduce the frictional surface bearing against the side rails of the section A, and thereby rendering the same more easily raised or lowered.

D D represent metal plates, which are permanently attached to the inner sides of the side rails of section A, near the lower end of the same. E E are ratchet-wheels, which are journaled to the plates D D, respectively, and are so arranged as to freely revolve. These ratchetwheels are each provided with .a series of hooks, f, which are so arranged as to engage with and partly encircle the respective rounds of the section A, by which means the section A is firmly held at any adjusted height when the ratchet-wheels are held in a fixed position.

F F are pawl-levers, which are pivoted to the upper end of the plates D D, respectively, and so arranged as to en gage with the ratchets on the outer side of the wheels E E, by which means the said wheels are prevented from being turned backward. A stop-pin, g, is secured to each plate, above the ratchet-wheels, and at the proper point to prevent the pawl from moving forward so as to be disengaged from the ratchet-wheels when the pawl is back of the pin, and to hold the pawl from contact with the ratchet wheel when the pawl is thrown forward and upon the pin, as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 2.

In elevating the upper section, the wheels E E are turned forward by their friction against the rounds of the section, and are locked by the pawl as they pass the respective rounds, so that the hooks will engage or take over the round last passed and hold the section A from descending; and when necessary to lower the upper section, the pawls are thrown forward upon their respective stop-pins, when the wheels can readily turn back so as to allow the said section to descend.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. The combination, with the sections A and A of an extension-ladder, of the quadrilateralshaped stirrups C 0, each so constructed that one of the sides thereof will rest against the outer side of the movable section and inner side of the stationary section, and provided with the bracket (1, having the rounded surface arranged to bear against the front edge of the side rails of the movable section, substantiallyas and for the purpose specified.

2. The combination, with the side rails of N. H SHEBBURNE, T. T. Looms.

US195440D Extension-ladders Expired - Lifetime US195440A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US195440A true US195440A (en) 1877-09-25

Family

ID=2264846

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US195440D Expired - Lifetime US195440A (en) Extension-ladders

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US195440A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4998982A (en) * 1988-12-16 1991-03-12 Arnold William F Metal ladder construction with reinforced side rails

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4998982A (en) * 1988-12-16 1991-03-12 Arnold William F Metal ladder construction with reinforced side rails

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4448282A (en) Ladder formed as a multiple-purpose device
US1823816A (en) Wheelbarrow
US377377A (en) Spring-bed
US783259A (en) Ladder attachment.
US973509A (en) Adjustable ladder-base.
US1031818A (en) Extensible ladder.
US271509A (en) Trestle or platform attachment for ladders
US971997A (en) Ladder.
US1902249A (en) Adjustable back rest for beds
US375448A (en) Chair
US1683138A (en) Fire escape
US672152A (en) Truck.
US1906275A (en) Ladder jack
US1600572A (en) Jack ladder
US530437A (en) Radiator-truck
US1157739A (en) Extension step-ladder.
US376876A (en) William c
US648234A (en) Holder for bicycles.
US196679A (en) Improvement in combined ladder and steps
US1196731A (en) Collapsible back-rest for seats.
US979821A (en) Ladder extension.
US524661A (en) Roofing-ladder
US182380A (en) Improvement in portable elevators
US474653A (en) Apparatus for elevating bags
US513132A (en) Charles p