US1953538A - Simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures - Google Patents

Simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1953538A
US1953538A US315050A US31505028A US1953538A US 1953538 A US1953538 A US 1953538A US 315050 A US315050 A US 315050A US 31505028 A US31505028 A US 31505028A US 1953538 A US1953538 A US 1953538A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
screen
sound
sounds
picture
reproducers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US315050A
Inventor
Mittell Brenchley Ernes George
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RCA Corp
Original Assignee
RCA Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB1953538X priority Critical
Application filed by RCA Corp filed Critical RCA Corp
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1953538A publication Critical patent/US1953538A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B31/00Associated working of cameras or projectors with sound-recording or sound-reproducing means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/20Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics
    • H04R1/22Arrangements for obtaining desired frequency or directional characteristics for obtaining desired frequency characteristic only
    • H04R1/30Combinations of transducers with horns, e.g. with mechanical matching means, i.e. front-loaded horns

Description

April 1934- B. E. G. MITTELL 1,953,538
SIMULTANEOUS REPRODUCTION OF SOUNDS AND PICTURES Filed Oct. 25, 1928 W W W By Patented Apr. 3, 1934 PATENT OFFICE SIMULTANEOUS REPRODUCTION OF SOUNDS AND PICTURES Brenchley Ernest George Mittell, Iver, England,
assignor, by mesne assignments, to Radio 001'- poration of America, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application October 25, 1928, Serial No. 315,050 In Great Britain November 8, 1927 8- Claims.
The present invention relates to the simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures.
The present invention, in one aspect, provides apparatus for the simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures comprising sound reproducing means disposed behind a picture screen and meanswhereby the distribution of the intensity of the sounds emitted through the screen may be controlled in accordance with the position upon the screen of the principal source or sources of sound.
It is known that the higher frequencies are of much greater importance than the lower frequencies in giving a sense of the direction from which the sounds appear to come. According to another aspect of the present invention therefore, the apparatus comprises a main sound reproducing device adapted to reproduce mainly the lower frequencies and one or more auxiliary reproducers adapted to reproduce mainly the higher frequencies and to give an audio impression of the position of the principal source or sources of sound in the picture. In this'way, the position upon the screen at which the higher frequencies are most strongly reproduced can be made to coincide with or to be close to the point from which thesounds, or the larger part of the sounds, should appear to come.
The invention is particularly applicable, although not necessarily limited, to small apparatus suitable for home use and is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which Figure 1 is a sectional view, partly diagrammatic, showing a sound reproducing system in accordance with my invention, and
Fig. 2 is a view, partly in perspective and partly diagrammatic, showing the manner in which the various reproducers may be controlled.
Referring to the drawing, a moving picture projector 2 is arranged outside the horn 1 through which the sounds are emitted, the light from the projector 2 passing through a window 3 in the horn land falling upon a screen 4 arranged in the mouth of the horn. The screen 4 should be made of a suitable translucent material which affects as little as possible the sound passing through it. The horn l is adapted to reproduce mainly the lower frequencies. Within the horn 1- 5 are arranged within the horn are, as shown, so
disposed that they do not cast a shadow upon the screen 4.
These auxiliary reproducers 5, 6 are preferably so distributed that sound is emitted by each over a fraction of the surface of the screen. For example, if six such small reproducers are used, the screen may be imagined to be divided into six parts, each part being provided with a small reproducer. Switching means are provided, so that the small reproducer which is situated in that part 60 of the screen on which the principal source of sound is visible will be operating, and the other small reproducers will be out of action. If there is more than one important source of sound, such as a number of singers or speakers in different parts of the picture, more than one small reproducer may be used simultaneously. The switching means are preferably controlled automatically by the film F upon which the picture is recorded. For this purpose, a plurality of holes 8 may be provided in the sides of the film, the position of the holes being determined by the position of the principal source of sound in the picture.
In reproducing, suitable switch mechanism may 30 be operated pneumatically, for example as in a piano player, or the holes may be caused to control the switch. mechanism in any other known or suitable manner, as by permitting contact of the switch brushes '7 with a conducting 35 roller 9 over which the film F passes. The holes may either be put into the film by hand, or they may be inserted automatically during the making of the combined sound and picture record. The hole cutting mechanism may for example be controlled by a device sensitive to the direction from which sounds fall upon it.
Alternatively the switching mechanism may be controlled by suitable photographic markings upon the film working in conjunction with a light sensitive device. These markings may be made upon the film automatically, at the same time that the sounds are recorded, by optical means controlled by the direction from which the sounds proceed. In the-reproduction of talking motion-pictures in a theatre, the picture screen is frequently arranged in a flared proscenium opening. This flared opening may, according to the present invention, be made to constitute the mouth of the horn of an electrical loud speaker which is used in reproducing the sounds accompanyin the picture. Behind the screen and within t e horn may be arranged, as already described, a number of small electrical reproducers adapted to deal mainly with higher frequencies.
Instead of providinga number of small fixed reproducers with switching means such as already described, one or more movable reproducers may be used, and their position may be changed either manually or automatically according to the position of the principal source of sound.
The picture projecting apparatus may of course be arranged upon either side of the screen.
I claim:
1. In apparatus for the simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures, a main sound repro ducing device adapted to reproduce mainly the lower frequencies and to distribute them over substantially the entire area of the screen and one or more auxiliary rcproducers adapted to reproduce mainly the higher frequencies and to give an audio impression of the position of the principal source or sources of sound in. the picture.
2. In apparatus as claimed in claim 1, a picture screen which may be regarded as divided into a plurality of parts each part being associated with an auxiliary reproducer.
3. In apparatus as claimed in claim 1, switching means for controlling the distribution of acoustic currents to the several auxiliary reproducers in accordance with the position on the screen of the principal source or sources of sound.
l. In apparatus according to claim 1, means for moving said auxiliary reproducer or reproducers in accordance with the movements or the principal source or sources of sound in the picture.
5. In apparatus according to claim 1, means for removing or attenuating the lower frequency oscillations in that portion of the acoustic currents to be reproduced which are fed to the auxiliary reproducers.
6. Apparatus of the class described comprising, in combination with a moving picture screen and I nesasee projecting apparatus associated therewith, a main sound reproducer adapted to reproduce mainly the lower frequencies and to distribute sounds substantially evenly over said screen, and a plurality of auxiliary reproducers each adapted to distribute sound over a portion only of said. screen, said auxiliary reproducers being adapted to reproduce mainly the higher frequencies and being selectively operable to provide localization of the source of sound on said screen.
7. Apparatus of the class described comprising, in combination with a moving picture screen and projecting apparatus associated therewith, a main sound reproducer adapted to reproduce mainly the lower frequencies and to distribute sounds substantially evenly over said screen, a plurality of auxiliary reproducers each adapted to distribute sound over a portion only of said screen and being adapted to reproduce mainly the higher frequencies, and means for selectively operating said auxiliary reproducers in accordance with the position on the screen of the principal source of sound.
8. In apparatus of the class described, the combination with picture projecting apparatus of a sound conduit, a translucent screen for said picture projecting apparatus extending over the mouth of said sound conduit whereby sound waves passing through said conduit are projected over substantially the entire area of said screen, said picture projecting apparatus being arranged to project light through said sound conduit and onto the rear face of said screen, and at least one other sound conduit associated with said first-named sound conduit external to the path of light from said picture projecting apparatus to said screen, said other conduit being ar ranged entirely within said first-named conduit.
BRENCHLEY ERNEST GEQRGE MITTELL.
US315050A 1927-11-08 1928-10-25 Simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures Expired - Lifetime US1953538A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1953538X 1927-11-08

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1953538A true US1953538A (en) 1934-04-03

Family

ID=10894489

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US315050A Expired - Lifetime US1953538A (en) 1927-11-08 1928-10-25 Simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1953538A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449030A (en) * 1942-03-09 1948-09-07 Wilsey Ruth Ann Target practice apparatus
US2603912A (en) * 1948-06-26 1952-07-22 Mathew B Gruber Sound for figures or puppets
US2655564A (en) * 1950-11-10 1953-10-13 Holt-Seeland Aage Method of obtaining stereophonic sound
US2728394A (en) * 1955-04-21 1955-12-27 Robert G Schulz Motion picture film cuer
US2840659A (en) * 1954-12-21 1958-06-24 Thompson Wendell L Motion picture electric circuit control apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449030A (en) * 1942-03-09 1948-09-07 Wilsey Ruth Ann Target practice apparatus
US2603912A (en) * 1948-06-26 1952-07-22 Mathew B Gruber Sound for figures or puppets
US2655564A (en) * 1950-11-10 1953-10-13 Holt-Seeland Aage Method of obtaining stereophonic sound
US2840659A (en) * 1954-12-21 1958-06-24 Thompson Wendell L Motion picture electric circuit control apparatus
US2728394A (en) * 1955-04-21 1955-12-27 Robert G Schulz Motion picture film cuer

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2143175A (en) Sound reproducing system
US2714633A (en) Perspective sound systems
US2298618A (en) Sound reproducing system
US2941044A (en) Controlled sound reproduction
US2547447A (en) Apparatus for stereophonic sound reproduction
US1953538A (en) Simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures
US2017153A (en) Sound reproducing system
US2701025A (en) High fidelity sound system
US2616970A (en) Device for the transmission by electrical means of oscillations of acoustic frequency
US1855147A (en) Distortion in sound transmission
US3907412A (en) Film projector with sound
US2314382A (en) Electrical sound reproduction
GB342284A (en) Improvements in sonorous or kinematograph films
US2786894A (en) Stereophonic sound and rerecording system
US4179713A (en) Method and equipment for the production of multi-channel sound signal
US3008011A (en) Control-tone perspective sound system
US2270260A (en) Production and reproduction of sound records
GB305617A (en) Improvements in or relating to the simultaneous reproduction of sounds and pictures
US2004583A (en) Sound reproducing system
US1921853A (en) Preparation of sound records for reproduction in combination with moving pictures
Maxfield et al. Pick-up for sound motion pictures (including stereophonic)
US1976379A (en) Reproduction of sound pictures
US1854219A (en) Combined motion picture projector and sound reproducing apparatus
US2499618A (en) Plural track sound reproduction
Frayne A compatible photographic stereophonic sound system