US1946169A - Sash construction - Google Patents

Sash construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1946169A
US1946169A US631088A US63108832A US1946169A US 1946169 A US1946169 A US 1946169A US 631088 A US631088 A US 631088A US 63108832 A US63108832 A US 63108832A US 1946169 A US1946169 A US 1946169A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sash
stile
astragal
light
window
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Expired - Lifetime
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US631088A
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Mackenzie Alexander
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Mackenzie Alexander
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/26Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another
    • E06B3/2605Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another with frames permanently mounted behind or within each other, each provided with a pane or screen
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/5454Fixing of glass panes or like plates inside U-shaped section members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/26Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another
    • E06B3/2605Compound frames, i.e. one frame within or behind another with frames permanently mounted behind or within each other, each provided with a pane or screen
    • E06B2003/2615Frames made of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/5454Fixing of glass panes or like plates inside U-shaped section members
    • E06B2003/5472Fixing of glass panes or like plates inside U-shaped section members in an at least partly preassembled frame by introducing it through a slot in one of the frame members or inserting the pane before completing the frame

Description

Feb. 6, 1934. A. MacKENZlE SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 30, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR 61m W @41- ATTORNEYS Feb. 6, 1934. MacKENZBE SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug; 30, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Flama.

INVETR Aft/7 ATTORNEYS Patented Feb. 6, 1934 1,946,169

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SASH CONSTRUCTION Alexander MacKenzie, Philadelphia, Pa.

Application August 30, 1932. Serial No. 631,088

I 12 Claims. (01. 20-562) My invention relates to sash constructions. Fig. is a central vertical sectional view, par- More particularly the invention provides a tially broken away, of a portion of a sash, taken novel structure adapted to serve as a window, at-right angles-"to the view of Fig. 4;

a door, or a supplemental window or door, in Fig. 6 is a-detail view showing an end of one 6 which latter case the structure may serve as light in Side elevation and a Cooperating astragal 60.

a storm sash. in vertical section;

The structure contemplated by the invention Fig. '7 is a perspective view of an astragal; comprises essentially a sash frame or a pluand rality of cooperating sash frames, each pro- 3 is a p p V w Of the et edges vided with means for receiving interchangeable f a pair of casement ash s showing the 00- 65 lights, the sash being thus adapted to contain p r in character of the astra als associat d alternatively a window pane or a screen. therewith.

Among the particular objects of the invention Referring now to the drawings, and first to Fig. in the specific and preferred form of embodi- 1, the reference numeral 1 designates a portion ment which will be explained in this applicaof a wall, p eferab y an interior Wall, broken by 70 tion for Letters Patent are the following: a window opening defined by a frame 2 and con- To provide a sash construction which may be taining preferably the customary sliding sashes used in conjunction with the ordinary perma- 3, 3 operating in channels defined by beads 4.

nent sliding window sash common in building To the inner edge of the frame is secured a structures to act therewith as a storm sash; to filler 5, covered by a trim 6 and finished by a. 75

provide novel and effective means for sealing molding '7, and to the filler 5 is hinged the hangthe lights in the sash and the sash in its suring stile 8 of one of my cooperating sashes. rounding frame; to prevent rattling of the The sashes are preferably mounted in pairs, to lights; to facilitate removal and interchange of provide a casement window, although it will be the lights; to provide astragals to serve as abutobvious that in certain installations a single sash so ments or jambs for the meeting edges of 00- may be suflicient. It is to be understood that operating sashes; to permit the astragals to be the use of a single sash constructed according readily removed to provide for insertion or withto the principles of the invention is contemplated drawal of an interchangeable light; and to prothereby and within the scope and purview of Y vide a physical structure having all of the forethose of the appended claims which cover the going objects and advantages, as well as others sash element per se. which will sufficiently appear to those skilled in Each sash comprises, in addition to the hangthe art as the description proceeds, which may ing stile 8, a cooperating free or lock stile 9 and be easily and economically constructed and which transverse upper rail 10, a lower rail 11, and 35 will be durable and effective in the discharge of preferably a center rail 12. The opposite surits various functions. faces of each pair of adjacent rails are channeled The invention is illustrated in a preferred or rabbeted and preferably contain runways 13 form of embodiment in the accompanying drawof rubber or the like to receive and make snug ings which form part of this application for engagement with the margins of the removable 40 Letters Patent and in which like reference charand interchangeable lights hereinafter described.

acters indicate the same parts in the various One stile of each sash, conveniently andpreferaviews. bly the free or look stile 9, is slotted endwise In the drawings, along its center plane, as shown at 14, in register Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a portion with the channels of the rails, and the runways 45 of an interior wall showing a casement type of 13 are preferably continued through the slot 14,

window embodying the principles of the presall as best shown in Fig. 5. ent invention, both sashes being closed; It will be obvious that in the assembled sash- Fig. 2 is a similar view showing one sash open the combination of channeled rails and slotted and the lights of the closed sash partially withstile forms an opening intowhich a light may be i 50 drawn; inserted. These lights may be of any character Fig. 3 is a horizontal section through a por-- desired, and I propose to provide for each opention of one sash and its adjacent wall structure, ing two kinds of lights, a window pane 15 and a taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1; screen element 16. The Window pane is conven- Fig. 4 is an end elevational view, partially iently a frameless plate of glass, and the screen 55 broken away, of a sash; element 16 may be an area of wire mesh bounded by a metal margin binding. Both lights are of equal size and are readily interchangeable. A storage compartment 17 may be mounted on the wall 1 below the window to contain the extra lights of the window when not in use, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

In order to retain the lights in position in the sash, to assist in pre enting rattling thereof, and to provide a jamb or abutment for the free or lock stile of the sash and the surface against which it closes, I provide an astragal 18. This element comprises a channel member, preferably of metal, having a center web 19 and two unidirectional edge flanges 20, 20. To one of the flanges 20 is secured a jamb element 21 of approximately twice the width of the flange, flush therewith at the free edge of the flange, with the remainder of the element 21 extending beyond the plane of the web 19 to provide, when the astragal is mounted on the stile, a pocket to receive the corner of the element against which the sash closes.

The astragal may be secured to its stilein any convenient way. Figs. 5 and 6 show a preferred means for connecting these two parts of my structure, comprising a tongue 22 conveniently I made integral with the web 19 of the astragal,

which serves as a hook for and cooperates with a cleat 23 positioned across the edge of a stile which is recessed at 24 behind the cleat to accommodate the tongue 22. The cleats are provided preferably in the edge of the stile along the line of each rail of the sash, and the hooks 22 are formed on the astragal in an equal number and positioned to engage the cleats when the astragal is in place. The astragal may thus be hung on the stile in an obvious manner.

Fig. 8 shows an astragal in place on each of the cooperating free edges of the two sashes of a casement window from which illustration the manner in which each astragal, or pair of astragals, functions to support and seal the edge of the sash will be apparent.

I prefer to make the width of each interchangeable light somewhat less than the width of the opening in the sash which receives-it. Consequently the outer edge of each light is inset from the lips of the slot 14. To facilitate withdrawal of a light I employ a grip 25 pivoted to the free edge of each light and having a spring element 26 secured to its end portion and bearing against the edge of the light, as best shown in Fig. 6. The dimensions of the grip are such that when the astragal is in place on the sash the grip is held entirely within the slot 14. The spring 26 exerting tension between the astragal and the free edge of the light, assists in preventing rattling of the glass or screen margins. When the astragal is removed the spring moves the end of the grip outwardly beyond the lips of the slot 14, where it can be grasped to pull the light from the opening.

A friction bolt 27 may be set in the upper rail 10, lower rail 11, or both, to enter the adjacent sills of the frame and frictionally maintain the sashes in their closed position.

I prefer to employ means to seal or weatherproof each sash in the form of a packing ele ment 28 contained within an indentation in the outer edge of the bead 4 and extending therefrom sufiiciently to engage a portion of the surface of the hanging stile 8 when the sash is closed. This sealing agent is especially desirable when the sash contemplated by the present invention is associated as a storm sash with a conventional pair of sliding windows, as shown in Fig. 3.

It will be understood that the invention has been described and shown in a preferred form of embodiment only, merely for exemplification of the details thereof. It is to be understood that the invention is capable of embodiment in other and further modified forms, and all such modifications to the extent that they embody the principles of the invention as pointed out in the appended claims are to be deemed within the scope and purview thereof.

I claim:

1. A sash construction including a pair of cooperating casement sashes each having a stile provided with a slot opening therethrough to admit a removable light, in combination with an astragal detachably connected to each of said stiles having a portion overlying and closing the slot therein and having a right angularly dis-- posed jamb portion adapted to overlie a portion of one face of the corresponding stile of the cooperating sash.

2. A sash construction including a hanging stile and a lock stile, the lock stile being provided with a slot opening therethrough to admit a removable light, and an astragal detachably connected to the lock stile having a portion overlying and closing the slot therein and having another portion right angularly disposed to the first portion adapted to constitute a jamb for the lock stile of a cooperating sash.

3. A sash construction including a stile provided with a slot opening therethrough, a removable light for the sash adapted to be admitted and removed through the slot, a grip connected to the light adapted to be grasped in manipulating the light, and an astragal removably connected to the stile to cover and conceal the slot and the grip.

4. A sash construction as claimed in claim 3, in which the grip is pivoted to the light ;and includes spring means for projecting a portion of the grip through the slot beyond the edge of the stile when the astragal is removed.

5. A sash construction as claimed in claim 3, in which the grip is pivoted to the light and includes spring means normally urging the grip against the astragal and adapted to project a portion of the grip through the slot when the astragal is removed.

6. A sash construction including a stile having a slot opening therethrough to admit a removable light, an eye provided on the outer edge of the stile which is normal to the plane of 130 the light, and an astragal having a hook engageable with the eye for detachably connecting the astragal to the stile to cover and conceal the slot.

'7. A sash construction as claimed in claim 6, in which the sash includes an upper rail and a lower rail, an eye is provided on the stile edge in the line of and opposite each of said rails, and a plurality of hooks are carried by the astragal, each of said hooks engaging one of said eyes.

8. A sash construction for a wall having a window opening including a member framing the opening provided with an outer and an inner step, and a casement sash having a stile hinged to the outer step of the member and adapted to close against the inner step, the inner step being recessed and provided with a packing body adapted to engage the sash stile in sealing contact. 150

9. A sash construction for a wall having a window opening including a sliding window mounted in the opening, a window bead confining the sliding window in the opening having an indented outer surface, a member secured to the wall at the margin of the opening, a-packing element contained in the indented outersurface of the bead, and a casement sash having a stile hinged to the member and adapted to contact with the packing element in sealing engagement.

10. An astragal for a hinged sash comprising a channel member adapted to embrace the free edge of the sash and a jamb portion fixed to one flange of the channel member.

US631088A 1932-08-30 1932-08-30 Sash construction Expired - Lifetime US1946169A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2540419A (en) * 1947-12-01 1951-02-06 Felix P Blanchard Door and window frame
US2558719A (en) * 1946-05-06 1951-07-03 Gea James Storm window
US2575266A (en) * 1946-02-21 1951-11-13 Albert B Fuhr Screen window structure
US2585118A (en) * 1946-07-10 1952-02-12 Hansen Bruno Vehicle window
US2694841A (en) * 1951-02-23 1954-11-23 Persson Eric Sigfrid Window sash
US2711789A (en) * 1952-10-04 1955-06-28 Kenneth E Boyle Combined screen and storm window
US3243928A (en) * 1964-03-25 1966-04-05 Bertram S Hare Combination window screen, storm sash and wicket
US3328929A (en) * 1964-12-09 1967-07-04 James H Mullins Combination storm window and air conditioner cover
US4409758A (en) * 1981-03-12 1983-10-18 Plaskolite, Inc. Perimeter strip for magnetically attractable extruded plastic window system
US20080083516A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-04-10 Aravanis Nicholas J Magnetic window

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2575266A (en) * 1946-02-21 1951-11-13 Albert B Fuhr Screen window structure
US2558719A (en) * 1946-05-06 1951-07-03 Gea James Storm window
US2585118A (en) * 1946-07-10 1952-02-12 Hansen Bruno Vehicle window
US2540419A (en) * 1947-12-01 1951-02-06 Felix P Blanchard Door and window frame
US2694841A (en) * 1951-02-23 1954-11-23 Persson Eric Sigfrid Window sash
US2711789A (en) * 1952-10-04 1955-06-28 Kenneth E Boyle Combined screen and storm window
US3243928A (en) * 1964-03-25 1966-04-05 Bertram S Hare Combination window screen, storm sash and wicket
US3328929A (en) * 1964-12-09 1967-07-04 James H Mullins Combination storm window and air conditioner cover
US4409758A (en) * 1981-03-12 1983-10-18 Plaskolite, Inc. Perimeter strip for magnetically attractable extruded plastic window system
US20080083516A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-04-10 Aravanis Nicholas J Magnetic window

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