US193080A - Improvement in elliptic springs - Google Patents

Improvement in elliptic springs Download PDF

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Publication number
US193080A
US193080A US193080DA US193080A US 193080 A US193080 A US 193080A US 193080D A US193080D A US 193080DA US 193080 A US193080 A US 193080A
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spring
band
leaves
elliptic
half
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F1/00Springs
    • F16F1/02Springs made of steel or other material having low internal friction; Wound, torsion, leaf, cup, ring or the like springs, the material of the spring not being relevant
    • F16F1/18Leaf springs
    • F16F1/26Attachments or mountings

Description

, A. FRENCH. Y -ELLIPTIU SPRING.'

No. '193,080. Patented Julylmaw.

V manufacture of elliptic springs or half-springs,

"a construction of machine adapted to carry all sides at once, or first on two opposite sides,

UNITED (STATES ATENT f FFICE AARON FRENCH, 0E PiTTsBURe, PENNSYLVANIA, AssIGNoR rro A. FRENCH aco., 0E sAME PLAGE. v

IMPROVEMENT IN ELLIPilc SPRINGS. Y

`Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. H93,00, dated July 17, 1877; application filed May 22,

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, AARON FRENCH, of Pittsburg, county of Allegheny, State of Pennsylvania, have invented or discovered a new and useful Improvement in the Manufacture of Elliptic Springs; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, concise, and exact description thereof, reference being lad to the accompanying drawing, making a part of this specification, in whichlike letters indicating like parts' Figure 1 is a perspective view of one-half of an elliptic spring illustrative of my improvement, and Fig. 2 is a transverse section thereof through the band. My present. improvement relates to the with compressed bands, and more particularly to the spring itself, the method of operation involved in making the spring and band, and

outthe said operation, forming the subjectmatter of a reissued patent, the original of which was granted to m'e February 6, 1877, No. 186,999.

In the manufacture of elliptic or semi-elliptic leaf-springs, particularly the heavier sizes. such as are designed for railroad-car use, a solid welded band has to be placed around the several leaves of the spring at each extremity of the minor axis of the ellipse. This band has heretofore, after being cut, bent, welded, and slipped `loosely on, been tightened onto the spring by hammering, first, two opposite faces, and then giving the half-spring a quarter turn, hammering the two other op posite faces, (one, of course, resting on a die, and the other being struck by ahammer,) and so on alternately until the band was thought to be properly tightened. I have found, however, that this mode of tightening springbands does not in all cases give a satisfactory result. I have hence invented the mode of operation and mechanism described in the patent above referred to, a characteristic feature of which is that the dies gripe the baud on all its four lateral faces simultaneously, and compress the band into the spring from and then, while still held under pressure on such two sides, on its two other opposite sides, s0 that thereby the leaves composing each half-sprin g shall be firmly and securely locked as against displacement in any direction. Referring to said patent for a description of a machine adapted to operate such dies in carryin g out this operation, I will now describe more particularly the banded spring in what I believe to be its best form for practical use.

The middle section or portion of the leaves of one-half of an elliptic car-spring (the Eumber of leaves not being material) are represented at D, and the band referred to at D'. The latter is cut, bent, and welded in the usual or any desired way, and, being properly heated, is slipped loosely onto the half-spring D. The half-spring, with the band thereon, is then placed between suitable dies, which, either simultaneously or two by two, as above stated, close down on the outer faces of the band, such dies being actuated by force applied in any suitably way known in the art for operating reciprocating dies. The application of such force is continued, so as to compress each side of the band tightly onto the top and bottom leaves of the spring, as a result of which the leaves are compressed and held tightly together, and also onto the edges of the leaves, until, by the action of Vsuch pressing-force, the edges of the several leaves will make slight prints or indentations along the inner faces of the band adjacent thereto, to such extent as to have independent seats, whereby each leaf will be independently locked in position. This latter feature of construction is represented more fully and (on account of the proportionate smallness of the drawing) in a somewhat exaggerated form in Fig. 2, where the edges of. the leaves a are represented as seated in the prints or indentations c, formed on the inner faces of the band in the manner described. The work thus pro-` duced is vastly superior in its quality to any1 heretofore made, not only in the fact'that the band gripes the leavesof the spring so tightly 'that they cannot be or become loose or liable to displacement in any direction, but also iu the fact that the external face of the band is left with a smooth iinish on its bearing sides, and with Well filled corners, such as cannot lie-secured byfother knownmodes of manipuseats or prints on l't-he wedges lof the :springvlation. 4,Such afsprng *and bandwill `Work -leaves,f substantially ash-set forth.

better in use and give better results when In testimony whereof I have hereunto set teombined with a car-body than any other like my hand. A

evice yet made.

.Ivelaim herein as myinvention- AARON FRENCH' A banded elliptic half-sprin g, having a band Witnesses griping tightly the top and bottom 'leaves of U. J.""MGGORMICK, the spring, and also seated by independent OLAUmUs L. PARKER.

US193080A Improvement in elliptic springs Expired - Lifetime US193080A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2748632A (en) * 1951-05-09 1956-06-05 American Steel Foundries Die for compressing a metal band about a group of leaf springs
US20040157372A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2004-08-12 Manatad Romel N. Alternative flip chip in leaded molded package design and method for manufacture
US20110210326A1 (en) * 2010-02-26 2011-09-01 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Semiconductor device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2748632A (en) * 1951-05-09 1956-06-05 American Steel Foundries Die for compressing a metal band about a group of leaf springs
US20040157372A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2004-08-12 Manatad Romel N. Alternative flip chip in leaded molded package design and method for manufacture
US20110210326A1 (en) * 2010-02-26 2011-09-01 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Semiconductor device

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