US1914938A - Toy - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1914938A
US1914938A US64562232A US1914938A US 1914938 A US1914938 A US 1914938A US 64562232 A US64562232 A US 64562232A US 1914938 A US1914938 A US 1914938A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
arm
crank
locking
obstacle
spring
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Boninger Moritz Heinrich
Original Assignee
Boninger Moritz Heinrich
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/22Optical, colour, or shadow toys

Description

June 20, 933. M. H. BONINGER TOY Filed Dec. 3, 1932 u I. u

' Patented June so, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT orvlca Iomrz nnmnrca nonmenn, or namrsranr, (in

Application fled December 8, 1888, Serial No. 845,882, and in Germany larch 22, it.

This invention'relates to a toy which enables a peculiar optical illusion to be produced.

In the .path of a rotary drive, constructed for example like a crank arm, an obstacle is arranged which would have to be cut throu h or severed during the further turmngof t e crank drive. In order to simulate this impossible effect, the crank arm is provided with a drive Whichrotates the crank arm very rapidly in the opposite direction by means of a spring motor and brings the crank arm be hmd the obstacle.

lhe toy can be combined with figures or 5 the like in various manners. For example the crank arm may be constructed as a sword in the hands of a fakir. The end of the obstacle which is referably arranged so that it can be uHed out of the device so as to 2 convince t e'observer of its resence, may likewise carry the head of a fa ir. With the aid of this toy it is possible to produce the impression that the sword passes through the neck of the head on the stacle without 2 any apparent damage or passage in the neck of the head. It is evident that the toy can be constructed in a great variety of models.

The invention is of particular importance in conjunction with advertising text. mm

An embodiment of the invention is trated by way of example in the accompany in% drawing in which ig. 1 shows in front elevation a dial of a 'toy constructed in the shape of a watch with a hand-shaped crank arm and a simple pin projecting as obstacle.

Fig. 2 shows the construction of the crank Fig. 6 is a central vertical cross section through the toy with the driving mechanism in the osition shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. shows the drivin mechanism in the position of Fi 5, views in the same direction in which t e elements in Fig. 1 are shown for the position of the elements shown in F i 3.

crank arm 1 is constructed according to Fig. 1 in the shape of a hand and according to Fig. 2 as a sword. Its shape is immaterial. The crank arm 1 is keyed on a shaft 2 which is rotatable by means of an operatin lever 6. A pin 3 extends transversely t rough'the entire device parallel to the shaft 2 as shown in Fig. 6. This pin 3 is mounted in a bore 4, as shown in Fig. 1, so that it can be removed to convince the observer ofits presence. It therefore also extends through a lass pane which is preferably arran ed in ront of the toy like a watch W glass. in ig. 2 a fakirs head 26 is mounted on the head of the pin 3, so that it appears as if this head 26 is in the path of movement of the crank arm 1 constructed in the shape of a sword. By shifting the operating lever 6 in the direction of the arrow 30, the crank arm 1 is,'however, only apparently moved in the direction of the arrow 30 from the radius a to the radius 6, that is transversely throu h the pin 3 (F i 1) or through the head of t e fakir (Fig. 2%. In reality, the crank arm 1 or the sword is very rapidly moved by a driving mechanism, which will be hereinafter described, in the direction of the arrow 31 to the other side of the obstacle, so that the optical illusion is reduced that the crank arm 1 (Fig. 1) or t e sword (Fig. 2) passes transversely through the obstacle.

This mechanism comprises, according to Figs. 3 to 7, a toothed wheel 7 keyed on the shaft 2. This shaft carries on its front end the crank arm or hand 1 and on its rear end a locking arm 8 projecting from an eye. The locking arm 8 bears either against the right or left side of a pin 9 arranged below the axle 2 according to whether'the crank arm 1 is situated on the one or other side of the in 3 in the osition shown in Fig. 1 or Fi .7.

he toothe wheel 7 meshes with a toot ed 1 sector 10, which rotates around an axle 11 l arranged above the shaft 2 as near as possible to the edge ofthe case 25 of the toy. As shown in Fig. 6, the crating lever 6 is rotatably mounted on this axle 11. The operating ever 6 is, as shown in Fig. 3, bifurcated at its end adjacent the axle 2 and forms two arms 28 and 29. A spiral spring 12 is wound around the axle 11, the ends of this spring bearing against the above mentioned Karts so that a kind of spring motor is formed.

- obstacle to the other by means of the shaft 2.

The driving direction of the spring motor owing to the arrangement above described and illustrated in Figs. 3 and 6 is always contrary to the winding direction of the operating lever 6. To enable the winding of the spring motor, it is held by a locking device during the shifting of the operating lever 6. The above described abutment pin 9 and the locking arm 8 already described serve for effecting this locking. The release is effected by one of two projections 17 on the arms 28, 29. These projections act on forks each having two arms 13 and 14 and they are arranged symmetrically one at each side of the shaft 2. The arms 14 are slotted so that the locking arm 8 can pass therethrough. The two locking forks 13, 14 are mounted on pivots 20 and 21 and each one is pressed in upward direction by means of a spring 15. The springs 15 are clamped at one end in blocks 22 and 23 res'pectively.

The spring motor provided with the spring sector 10 is situated, as shown in Fig. 6, in a plane parallel to that ofthe operating lever 6 and the arms 28,29 of this lever. The

spring 12 is situated between the arms 28 and 29 and has bent ends engaging in the slot 27 in the toothed sector 10 so that the spring is compressed between one arm of the operating lever and one end of the slot 27.

The operation is as follows If the operating lever 6 is shifted in the direction of the arrow 30, the spring motor carrying the toothed sector 10 is 'rotatedso that the spring 12 is compr'esed or wound.

The shaft 2, however, is held by the arm 13 .j'gainfltheacfionofthespringlfiandliberof oneof the two locking forks with the aid of the locking arm 8, as clearly shown in 3. As soon as one of the two projections 12 shifts the arm 14 of the fork 13, 14, the fork shown on the right of Fig. 3 is oscilla'hd' so that its arm 13 moves downw ates the locking arm 8 which rotates in the direction of the arrow 31 from the position shown in Fig. 4 into that shown in Fi 5, coming into contact with the other side 0 the abutment pin 9. Consequently, the shaft 2' with the crank arm '1 rotates precipitately in e the direction of the arrow 31 into the position shown in Fig. 5.

If the operating lever is shifted out of the position shown in Fig. 7 in the direction of the arrow 24 into the position shown in Fig. 1, the different parts move in the opposite directions to those above described.

I claim r 1. A toy, comprising in combination an arm, an obstacle in the path of rotation of said arm, a spring motor operatively connected to said arm to precipitately .rotate said arm from one side of said obstacle to the other, an oscillatable operating lever to energize said motor in each direction of movement, a shaft carrying said arm, a

locking device on said shaft adapted to lock said arm during the energizing of said motor, and means for releasing said locking device actuated by said operating lever after the energizing of said motor to allow said motor to precipitately rotatesaid arm from one side of said obstacle to the other in the opposite direction to the movement of sa1d operating lever to roducean optical illusion that said arm ias pamed through said obstacle.

2. A toy, comprising in combination a crank arm, an obstacle in the path of rotation of said crank arm, a spring motor operatively connected to said crank arm to precipitately rotate said crank arm from one side. of said obstacle to the other, an osc llatable operating lever to energize said spring motorin each direction of movement, a shaft carrying said crank arm, a locking arm on said shaft, two spring-loaded looking levers arranged pivotally mounted one at each side of said crank shaft to cooperate with said locking arm to lock said crank arm during the winding of said motor, and two projections on said operating lever adapted to disengage said locking levers from said locking arm to release said crank arm and allow said motor to precipitately rotate said crank arm'from one side of said obstacle to the other irrespective of which side of said obstacle said operating lever and said crank are situated.

3. A toy, comprising in combination a crank arm, an obstacle in the path of rotation of, said crank arm, a sprin motor oper-' atively connected to said cran arm to re-' cipitately rotate said crank arm, a it aid on said shaft, 0. toothed sector onsaid axle and with aid toothed wheel and having a slot, arms extending-from said 0 7 erating lever, a s iral spring on said a 0 having bent ends aring against said arms and extending through the slot in said toothed sector adapted to be compressed between one end of said slot and one of said arms,

. spring and to release said locking arm after the compression of said spring to allow the rotation of said shaft with sa1d crank arm through the intermediary of said spring, said toothed sector and said toothed wheel to precipitately rotate said crank arm from one side of said obstacle to the other.

4. Atoy, comprising in combination a crank arm, an obstacle in the path of rota tion of said crank arm, a spring motor oper= atively connected to said crank arm to pre cipitately rotate said crank arin,a shaft carrying said crank arm, an axle parallel to said shaft, an operating lever oscillatably mounted on said axle, a toothed wheel keyed on said shaft, a toothed sector on said axle and meshing with said toothed wheel and having a slot, arms extending from said op= crating lever, a s iral spring on said axle having bent ends caring against said arms and extending through the slot in said toothed sector adapted to be compressed between one end of said slot and one of said arms, a locking arm on said shaft, an abutment pin in the path of movement oi said locking arm adapted to limit the rotation of said locking pin, pivotally mounted spring-loaded locking levers arranged one on each side of said shaft adapted to lock said locking arm during the compression of said spring, and projections vone on the end oi each operating lever arm adapted to oscil= late said locking levers to release said loching arm alter the compression oi said spring to allow the rotation of said shalt with said crank arm through the intermediar oisaid spring, said toothed sector and sai toothed wheel to precipitatel v rotate said crank arm from one side oi said obstacle to the other.

5. A toy, comprising in combination a crank arm, an obstacle in the path of rotation or said crank arm,'a spring motor operatively connected to said crank arm to precipitate ly rotate said crank arm, a shaft carr ing said crank arm, an axle parallel to said s sit, an operating lever oscillatably mounted on said axle, a toothed .wheel keyed on said shaft, a toothed sector on said axle and mesh ing with said toothed wheel and havi a slot, arms extending from said operatin ever, a spiral spring on said axle having ent ends bearing against said arms and extending tlirouglei the slot in said toothed sector adapted to compressed between one end of said slot and one of said arms, a locking arm on said shaft-,-an abutment pin in the path of movement of said locking arm adapted to limit the rotation of said locking pin pivotally mounted spring-loaded bifurcate lockin levers having a solid arm adapted to 100% said locking arm during the compression of said spring, anda slotted arm adapted to allow the passage of said locking arm, and

projections on the end of each operatin lever arm adapted to bear against the slotte arms of said locking levers to oscillate said locking levers and release said locking arm afterthe compression of said spring to allow the rotation of said shaft with said crank arm through the intermediary of said s ring, said toothed sector and said toothed w eel to precipitately rotate said crank arm from one side of said obstacle to the other.

6. A toy as specified in claim 1, in which said obstacle is constructed as a removable pin extending transversely through the toy.

7; A toy comprising in combination a rotatably mounted arm, an obstacle in the path of rotation of said arm, a motor operatively connected to said arm to precipitately rotate said arm from one side of said obstacle to the other, a movable operating element, a locking device for locking said arm against movement, and means for releasing the locking I device actuated by the operation of said movable operating element to allow said motor to precipitately rotate said arm around from one side of said obstacle to the other to produce an optical illusion that said arm has passed throu h said obs acle 8. toy comprising in combination a rotatable arm, an ohstacle in the path or rotation of said arm, a motor operatively connected to said arm to precipitately rotate said arm from one side oif said obstacle to the ice lllii other, an oscillatahie operating element, a,

locking device for locking said arm against movement, and means for releasing the loci:- ing device actuated the operation oi? said oscillatahle element to allow said motor to preeipitately rotate said arm around from one side of said obstacle to the other in a direction opposite to the direction of movement of said oscillatahle element to produce an ontical illusion toy comprising in combination a retain ahly monn tedarm, an obstacle in the path of rotation of said arm, a motor operatively con- I that said arm passed thronsh said obstacle llli nected to said arm to precipitately rotate said arm from one sideof said obstacle to the other, a manually movable, element for energizing said motor, a locking device for looking said arm during the movement of said element, and means for releasing the locking device actuated by said manually movable element after the energizing of said motorto allow said motor to precipitately rotate said arm around from one side of said obstacle to the other to produce an optical illusion that said arm has passed through said obstacle.

5 10 A toy com rising 1n combination a rotatably moun arm, an obstacle in the path of rotation of said arm, a motor opera-- tivel connected to said arm adapted to I precipitately rotate said arm from one side of 10 said obstacle to the other, means for normally preventin the motor from rotating said arm, a manual y movable operating element, means actuated by sa1d manually movable operating element to release said first menli tioned means andto allowsaid motor; to precipitately rotate said arm in'a'direction around from one side of said obstacle to the other to produce an optical illusion that said arm has passed in the opposite direction I throughsaid obstacle,

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

' MORITZ HEINRICH BoNINGER.

US1914938A 1932-03-22 1932-12-03 Toy Expired - Lifetime US1914938A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1914938X 1932-03-22
US1914938A US1914938A (en) 1932-03-22 1932-12-03 Toy
GB3595432A GB400448A (en) 1932-03-22 1932-12-19 A mechanical optical illusion toy

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1914938A US1914938A (en) 1932-03-22 1932-12-03 Toy
GB3595432A GB400448A (en) 1932-03-22 1932-12-19 A mechanical optical illusion toy
FR754924A FR754924A (en) 1932-03-22 1933-04-28 Device for obtaining an optical illusion

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1914938A true US1914938A (en) 1933-06-20

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ID=26011404

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1914938A Expired - Lifetime US1914938A (en) 1932-03-22 1932-12-03 Toy

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US (1) US1914938A (en)
FR (1) FR754924A (en)
GB (1) GB400448A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4251947A (en) * 1980-01-03 1981-02-24 Steven Manufacturing Company Illusion toy
US7066820B1 (en) 2004-01-02 2006-06-27 William L King Illusion toy

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4251947A (en) * 1980-01-03 1981-02-24 Steven Manufacturing Company Illusion toy
US7066820B1 (en) 2004-01-02 2006-06-27 William L King Illusion toy

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB400448A (en) 1933-10-26 application
FR754924A (en) 1933-11-15 grant

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