US1913342A - Metal structure - Google Patents

Metal structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US1913342A
US1913342A US465689A US46568930A US1913342A US 1913342 A US1913342 A US 1913342A US 465689 A US465689 A US 465689A US 46568930 A US46568930 A US 46568930A US 1913342 A US1913342 A US 1913342A
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United States
Prior art keywords
side
members
units
flange
wall
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US465689A
Inventor
Adolf H Schaffert
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TRUSCON STEEL Co
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TRUSCON STEEL CO
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Priority to US465689A priority Critical patent/US1913342A/en
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Publication of US1913342A publication Critical patent/US1913342A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • E04D3/361Connecting; Fastening by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets
    • E04D3/362Connecting; Fastening by specially-profiled marginal portions of the slabs or sheets by locking the edge of one slab or sheet within the profiled marginal portion of the adjacent slab or sheet, e.g. using separate connecting elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/24Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets with special cross-section, e.g. with corrugations on both sides, with ribs, flanges, or the like
    • E04D3/30Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets with special cross-section, e.g. with corrugations on both sides, with ribs, flanges, or the like of metal

Description

June 6, 19.???3. A. H. SCHAFFERT f-'VLLTAL STRUCTURE Filed July 3, 1930 Patented June 6, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ADOLF H. SCHAFFEBT, OF YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO TRUSCON STEEL COM- PANY, OF YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF MICHIGAN METAL STRUCTURE Application led July 3, 1930. Serial No. 465,689.

In that type of building structures in which sheet metal units are employed for roof decking and the like, the units are made in lengths and are secured to their supports or foundation side by side, and interiitted relation. It has been found however, that there is a tendency of these units to spread apart, so that over an extensive area there may be a material widening or alteration `which creates difiiculties in securing the proper alinenient, etc.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a novel form of structure in .which the units both interfit and interlock in such a way that their proper relation is at all times assured, the formation being such that the units can be easily assembled into a complete structure and each unit can be individually fastened in place with ease and expedition. f. v

In the accompanying drawing:

Figure 1 is an end elevation of a portion of a roof deck embodying the present invention, it being understood, however, that this invention is not necessarily restricted to a decking, but may be employed for other structural purposes.

Figure 2 is a detail sectional View on the v line 2 2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view on the line 3 3 of Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a detail perspective view of one end portion of a unit or member.

In the embodiment disclosed, one of a series of supporting beams is shown at 5, and is I- shaped in cross section, as clearly illustrated in Figure 2. On this are mounted the members or units constituting a deck or other structural formation, each unit being designated generally by the reference numeral 6. As these units are duplicates, a description of one is believed to be sufficient. The unit 6 is preferably of sheet metal and of channeled formation, thereby producing a facing wall 7 and side walls 8 and 9 disposed at right angles to the facing wall 7. One of these side walls 8 terminates at its free edge in an outset longitudinally disposed flange 10. The other side wall 9 is in like manner provided with an outset longitudinally disposed flange 10 and is rounded in cross section as shown.

.The facing wall 7 is further provided at its juncture with the side wall 9 with an inwardly channeled portion forminga groove 16, that is located at the inner side of the side wall 9 and is yrounded in cross section as shown. l

These members or units are, as usual, located side by side, and as sho'wn in Figure 1, the side wall 8 of one member lies alongside the side Wall 9 of the next adjacent member. The flange 10 engages in the groove 13 of the adjacent member. Inasmuch as the flange 11 extends beyond the wall 8, it is exposed so as to receive a fastener for securing the members to the supporting beam 5. Thus in the present showing this fastener is in the form of a clip 17 that is engaged around the upper flanges of the beam qand is provided with a lip 18 that engages over the flange 11. It will be noted moreover that the tongue 15 of one member is received in the groove 16 of the other and because of the rounded contour of the parts one part can turn with respect to the other as the members are successively placed. As the outer wall'19 of the groove is lower than the inner Wall, the facing plates of the various members lie in the same plane. By interlocking the outer portions of the units or members 6, namely, at the juncture of the facing walls 7 with the side walls 8 and 9, and because of the snug lit of theftongues 15 vin the channels 16, the units cannot spread apart, but are always `maintained in close interfitting relation so that lost space or fanning even in extended lengths of material cannot take place. The units moreover can be easily assembled. When one unit is in place, the flange 11 isexposed and the/clips 17 can be readily placed in their holding positions. The next unit can then be slipped into place and its exposed flange 11 secured, the operation being repeated until the deck or other structure is laid.

From the foregoing, it is through that the construction, operation and many advantages of the herein described invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be understood that various changes in the size, shape, proportion and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

What I claim, is:

1. A structure of the character set forth, comprising channel members, each having a facing wall and angularly disposed side flanges, the facing wal having in one of its side margins, an outwardly open longitudinal groove -that is transversely rounded, said facing wall being provided along its opposite side margin with an underhung tongue that is also transversely rounded and snugly interfits in thegroove of the adjacent member to interlock the adjacent members and prevent their separation, said interitting tongue and groove permitting one member to swing with respect to the other in placing the members successively in position.

l2. A structure of the character set forth, comprising channel members, each having a facing wall and angularly disposed side flanges, one of the side 'flanges having an outset base flange and an inset groove above the same, the other side flange having an outset locking lange that is transversely slidable into and out of the groove of the adjacent side flange, and a detachable interlocking hinge connection between the adjacent margins of the facing Walls of adjoining members, said locking lange when in the groove operating to prevent the detachment of the interlocking hinge connection and said hinge connection permitting the relative swinging movements of the members to cause the locking flange to engage in the grooves.

In testimony whereof, I aiiix my signature.

ADOLF H. SCHAFFERT.

US465689A 1930-07-03 1930-07-03 Metal structure Expired - Lifetime US1913342A (en)

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Cited By (76)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2615751A (en) * 1950-04-14 1952-10-28 Trailmobile Inc Extruded floor section for refrigerator vehicles
US2672958A (en) * 1946-11-26 1954-03-23 Harold L Pierce Structural building element
US2832300A (en) * 1955-01-03 1958-04-29 Arthur L Jacobson Roof deck
US2899028A (en) * 1956-12-21 1959-08-11 Walker Supply & Mfg Company Panel construction
US2918996A (en) * 1957-07-29 1959-12-29 Robert C Brown Aluminum panel joint
US3043407A (en) * 1958-04-28 1962-07-10 Marryatt Lane & Co Inc Grids
US3046852A (en) * 1958-07-03 1962-07-31 Capitol Prod Corp Gratings
US3055461A (en) * 1959-07-13 1962-09-25 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3100556A (en) * 1959-07-30 1963-08-13 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3103025A (en) * 1958-12-03 1963-09-10 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Structural unit
US3111203A (en) * 1959-11-27 1963-11-19 Reynolds Metals Co Door constructions and interlocking extrusions for use therein
US3128851A (en) * 1964-04-14 Interlocking metallic structural
US3173383A (en) * 1962-04-24 1965-03-16 Budd Co Railway vehicle floor structure
US3182769A (en) * 1961-05-04 1965-05-11 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like
US3186525A (en) * 1961-07-27 1965-06-01 Reynolds Metals Co Interconnected panel constructions
US3203149A (en) * 1960-03-16 1965-08-31 American Seal Kap Corp Interlocking panel structure
US3301147A (en) * 1963-07-22 1967-01-31 Harvey Aluminum Inc Vehicle-supporting matting and plank therefor
US3380216A (en) * 1965-10-21 1968-04-30 Pike Trailer Co Trailer enclosure construction
US3385182A (en) * 1965-09-27 1968-05-28 Harvey Aluminum Inc Interlocking device for load bearing surfaces such as aircraft landing mats
DE1534684B1 (en) * 1964-11-05 1970-03-12 Abciuk & Co Ltd M under Blanket
DE1459983B1 (en) * 1963-08-05 1972-05-25 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Self-supporting metal element with about Uf|rmiger profiling for a part of the building construction
US3839836A (en) * 1972-02-04 1974-10-08 H Payne Glass fiber reinforced gypsum building components
DE2454275A1 (en) * 1973-11-23 1975-05-28 Tatra Np Lift for vehicles and process for their manufacture
US4063396A (en) * 1976-09-20 1977-12-20 Mm Systems Corporation Omni-panel structure
US4100711A (en) * 1977-06-16 1978-07-18 Transco Inc. Prefabricated insulating panel
US4186537A (en) * 1978-08-23 1980-02-05 Morgan Trailer Mfg. Transverse interlock floors for trucks and the like
US4546590A (en) * 1982-08-04 1985-10-15 Finch Harry E Partition wall system and components therefor
US4561233A (en) * 1983-04-26 1985-12-31 Butler Manufacturing Company Wall panel
US4713921A (en) * 1986-06-03 1987-12-22 Minialoff Gerrard O Stud for walls
US4870798A (en) * 1989-02-06 1989-10-03 Walcon Corp. Double lock standing seam roof sheet
US4951992A (en) * 1985-01-10 1990-08-28 Hockney Pty. Limited Cargo supporting floor for a motor lorry
US5050362A (en) * 1989-01-19 1991-09-24 Polygal Constructional panels
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel
US5580137A (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-12-03 Snap-On Technologies, Inc. Tool box and one-piece bottom panel therefor
US5613726A (en) * 1994-09-27 1997-03-25 4-Star Trailers, Inc. Livestock trailer including improved trailer slat unit
US5642564A (en) * 1988-11-17 1997-07-01 Lund-Hansen; Kjeld Balslev Method of joining stiff plate profile members into broad lamellae or panels
US5647184A (en) * 1996-01-22 1997-07-15 L. B. Plastics Limited Modular decking plank, and decking structure
US5819491A (en) * 1996-01-22 1998-10-13 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular construction elements
US5927028A (en) * 1997-06-25 1999-07-27 Rossi; Jose E. Double interlocking storm panel
US6038828A (en) * 1995-12-04 2000-03-21 Alimak Ab Wall module system
US6082810A (en) * 1998-09-18 2000-07-04 Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company Cargo vehicle floor construction and method
US6164467A (en) * 1996-02-23 2000-12-26 Spectra Products Corporation Free-standing modular slat-wall system
US6199340B1 (en) 1996-01-22 2001-03-13 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular construction element
US6224142B1 (en) 1999-01-04 2001-05-01 Sooner Trailer Manufacturing Co. Double skin slat construction for trailers
US20040068955A1 (en) * 1996-03-19 2004-04-15 Kinya Aota Friction stir welding hollow frame member
US20040262950A1 (en) * 2003-06-27 2004-12-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc. Composite pickup box for automotive vehicle
US20050284075A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US6988761B1 (en) 2004-02-23 2006-01-24 Brian Stidham Interlocking channeled trailer side panels with integrated sliding outer panel inserts
US7069614B1 (en) * 1997-02-28 2006-07-04 Manufacturers Equity Trust Modular span multi-cell box girder bridge system
US20060265819A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-11-30 Board Of Regents Of University Of Nebraska Bend steel plate girder system for bridges
US7181889B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2007-02-27 Platform Products, Llp System and method for fastening floor deck to semi-trailer cross members
US20080148673A1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-06-26 James Keller Radiant heat flooring system
US20080164005A1 (en) * 2007-01-10 2008-07-10 James Keller Radiant heat wall covering system
US20080184639A1 (en) * 2006-12-01 2008-08-07 Fabral, Inc. Roofing and siding systems
US20080307730A1 (en) * 2007-06-18 2008-12-18 Barry Rutherford Channel screed with fastening clips
US20090151275A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2009-06-18 Casata Technologies Inc. Architectural pavements in elevated exterior deck applications
WO2009076674A1 (en) * 2007-12-13 2009-06-18 Wutpool, Inc. Retractable load-bearing cover
US20090235604A1 (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-09-24 Xxentria Technology Materials Co., Ltd Architectural material
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US20110067328A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2011-03-24 Naccarato John R Architectural pavements in elevated exterior deck applications
US20120042586A1 (en) * 2010-08-23 2012-02-23 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Floor type multi-display apparatus and floor structure for installation of a floor type multi-display apparatus
US20120285112A1 (en) * 2009-06-18 2012-11-15 Kuo-Ying Kan Combination plate structure
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9340979B2 (en) 2012-04-17 2016-05-17 Bogdan Wiecek BUDMAT Roof covering element (tile-like sheet) equipped with embossments
US9410324B2 (en) * 2013-04-15 2016-08-09 Bogdan Wiecek BUDMAT Method of roof covering with roof covering elements (tile-like sheets)
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9493953B2 (en) 2013-03-11 2016-11-15 Bogdan Wiecek BUDMAT Roof covering element (tiles-like sheet) equipped with angle bracket
US9556612B2 (en) * 2014-07-18 2017-01-31 Williams Scotsman, Inc. Floor assembly for modular building units
AT518642B1 (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-12-15 Ghs Gmbh Frame structure for a Schnellbauunterkunft
US10150515B1 (en) * 2017-05-19 2018-12-11 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Modular truck bed floor

Cited By (178)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3128851A (en) * 1964-04-14 Interlocking metallic structural
US2672958A (en) * 1946-11-26 1954-03-23 Harold L Pierce Structural building element
US2615751A (en) * 1950-04-14 1952-10-28 Trailmobile Inc Extruded floor section for refrigerator vehicles
US2832300A (en) * 1955-01-03 1958-04-29 Arthur L Jacobson Roof deck
US2899028A (en) * 1956-12-21 1959-08-11 Walker Supply & Mfg Company Panel construction
US2918996A (en) * 1957-07-29 1959-12-29 Robert C Brown Aluminum panel joint
US3043407A (en) * 1958-04-28 1962-07-10 Marryatt Lane & Co Inc Grids
US3046852A (en) * 1958-07-03 1962-07-31 Capitol Prod Corp Gratings
US3103025A (en) * 1958-12-03 1963-09-10 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Structural unit
US3055461A (en) * 1959-07-13 1962-09-25 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3100556A (en) * 1959-07-30 1963-08-13 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3111203A (en) * 1959-11-27 1963-11-19 Reynolds Metals Co Door constructions and interlocking extrusions for use therein
US3203149A (en) * 1960-03-16 1965-08-31 American Seal Kap Corp Interlocking panel structure
US3182769A (en) * 1961-05-04 1965-05-11 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking constructions and parts therefor or the like
US3186525A (en) * 1961-07-27 1965-06-01 Reynolds Metals Co Interconnected panel constructions
US3173383A (en) * 1962-04-24 1965-03-16 Budd Co Railway vehicle floor structure
US3301147A (en) * 1963-07-22 1967-01-31 Harvey Aluminum Inc Vehicle-supporting matting and plank therefor
DE1459983B1 (en) * 1963-08-05 1972-05-25 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Self-supporting metal element with about Uf|rmiger profiling for a part of the building construction
DE1534684B1 (en) * 1964-11-05 1970-03-12 Abciuk & Co Ltd M under Blanket
US3385182A (en) * 1965-09-27 1968-05-28 Harvey Aluminum Inc Interlocking device for load bearing surfaces such as aircraft landing mats
US3380216A (en) * 1965-10-21 1968-04-30 Pike Trailer Co Trailer enclosure construction
US3839836A (en) * 1972-02-04 1974-10-08 H Payne Glass fiber reinforced gypsum building components
DE2454275A1 (en) * 1973-11-23 1975-05-28 Tatra Np Lift for vehicles and process for their manufacture
US4063396A (en) * 1976-09-20 1977-12-20 Mm Systems Corporation Omni-panel structure
US4100711A (en) * 1977-06-16 1978-07-18 Transco Inc. Prefabricated insulating panel
US4186537A (en) * 1978-08-23 1980-02-05 Morgan Trailer Mfg. Transverse interlock floors for trucks and the like
US4546590A (en) * 1982-08-04 1985-10-15 Finch Harry E Partition wall system and components therefor
US4561233A (en) * 1983-04-26 1985-12-31 Butler Manufacturing Company Wall panel
US4951992A (en) * 1985-01-10 1990-08-28 Hockney Pty. Limited Cargo supporting floor for a motor lorry
US4713921A (en) * 1986-06-03 1987-12-22 Minialoff Gerrard O Stud for walls
US5893251A (en) * 1988-11-17 1999-04-13 Lund-Hansen; Kjeld Balslev Lamella or panel element
US5642564A (en) * 1988-11-17 1997-07-01 Lund-Hansen; Kjeld Balslev Method of joining stiff plate profile members into broad lamellae or panels
US5050362A (en) * 1989-01-19 1991-09-24 Polygal Constructional panels
US4870798A (en) * 1989-02-06 1989-10-03 Walcon Corp. Double lock standing seam roof sheet
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel
US5613726A (en) * 1994-09-27 1997-03-25 4-Star Trailers, Inc. Livestock trailer including improved trailer slat unit
US8276342B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2012-10-02 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20110185663A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2011-08-04 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US5580137A (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-12-03 Snap-On Technologies, Inc. Tool box and one-piece bottom panel therefor
US6038828A (en) * 1995-12-04 2000-03-21 Alimak Ab Wall module system
US5819491A (en) * 1996-01-22 1998-10-13 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular construction elements
US5647184A (en) * 1996-01-22 1997-07-15 L. B. Plastics Limited Modular decking plank, and decking structure
US6199340B1 (en) 1996-01-22 2001-03-13 L.B. Plastics Limited Modular construction element
US6164467A (en) * 1996-02-23 2000-12-26 Spectra Products Corporation Free-standing modular slat-wall system
US20040068955A1 (en) * 1996-03-19 2004-04-15 Kinya Aota Friction stir welding hollow frame member
US7178303B2 (en) * 1996-03-19 2007-02-20 Hitachi, Ltd. Friction stir welding hollow frame member
US20060225370A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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US20060236632A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
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