US1899A - Apparatus for propelling boats - Google Patents

Apparatus for propelling boats Download PDF


Publication number
US1899A US1899A US 1899 A US1899 A US 1899A US 1899 A US1899 A US 1899A
Grant status
Patent type
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Grant date




    • B63H11/00Effecting propulsion by jets, i.e. reaction principle




Specification of Letters Patent No. 1,899, dated December 14, 1840.

To all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, HUGH RoNALDs, ot Albion, in Edwards county, in the State of Illinois, have invented an improvement in the manner of propelling vessels by the reaction of water, which is acted upon by pistons moving water-tight in cylinders which lie horizontally in the lower part of the vessel and which open in the direction of the stern; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof.

Numerous attempts have been made to propel vessels by the reaction of water forced out through cylinders in the direction of their Sterns; but in all those plans, so far as I am informed, the water so forced out has been drawn in at the bows, or supplied by means of pumps obtaining the water to be forced out from below, or from other parts of the vessel. p

The distinguishing feature of my iinprovement is, that air is freely admitted on the inner side of the piston; while the water, against which the piston acts, is admitted into the cylinder at the same opening through which it is forced out; the propelling piston not being forced back with greater velocity, than that which is due to the head of water above it; so that no power shall be applied to draw the water back into the cylinder, but, while any required speed is given to the piston upon its outward stroke, the return stroke shall be under a velocity not greater than that by which the water will follow it by its own hydrostatic force.

Figure l, in the accompanying drawing represents one of my propelling cylinders, in connection with a steam cylinder, .by means of which the piston of the propelling cylinder is to operate; this steam cylinder, with its appurtenances, is similar in all respects to such as are in common use. A, is the propelling cylinder which lies horizontally in the lower part of the vessel, and has its end B opening out through the stern, or in the direction of the stern of the vessel; its inner end O, being within the vessel, the timber of which A AK, incloses its outer surface perfectly. D D are openings through the end O of the cylinder for the admission of air; or this end may be entirely open and disconnected with the steam cylin; der, it only being necessary that their axes v(or that toward the propelling cylinder) operating upon the high pressure principle,

but by enlarging the steam cylinder E, the engine may be used with low pressure, and it may be single acting. In this case I intend to leave the outer end of the cylinder open, like the top of the old atmospheric engine. Under this construction,` when the piston has been forced outward by the steam, and the communication with the condenser opened, the vacuum formed will enable the pressure of the atmosphere and the head of water, to force the pistons back. I intend,

should I find it most eligible so to do, to

reverse this order of action in the steam cylinder; that is to say, to turn the open end of the steam cylinder inward, having its closed head and the stuliing box forthe piston toward the propelling cylinder; in this case, the pressure of the steam will be lused to cause the propelling piston to return, and upon opening the communication with the condenser, the whole pressure of the atmosphere upon the area of the piston head, will be exerted to force the steam piston forward and the propelling piston against theAw-ater. The advantage offered by this mode of construction is, that it affords an opportunity of admit-ting the steam into the steam cylinder in any quantity that may be desired, by which means the velocity of the return stroke may be regula-ted. It isnot necessary to exhibit a condenser, or to show the ordinary appendages of a steam engine, -as I construct and use these inmodes that are well known.

In Fig. 2 I have represented the manner in which I construct a revolving valve, and its appendages, for supplying the steam to several steam cylinders in regular succession. II is a cylindrical steam chamber intoV vhicli steam is to be admitted from the kboiler through the pipe I, and J J J are pipes, of which I have sho-wn four, for conveying the steam t0 as many steam cylinders by which the propelling pistons are to be `of the ways above described.

worked in the manner already made known. ithin this steam chamber there is a disk, shown separatelyl at K, in Fig. 3, which is made to revolve, by motion communicated to its shaft L; this disk, has a hole through it as at K', and at the bot-tom of the steam chamber Fig. il, there are holes M M M communicating with the steam tubes as pipes J J. The lower side of the disk, or revolving valve Fig. 3, is ground so as to tit the bottom of the steam chamber closely; and when the steam is admitted into the steam chamber on its upper side, the` valve, in its revolution, will supply it to each of the pipes J J in succession. The length of the opening K will serve to determine the quantity of steam to be admitted. The friction of `this disk, or valve, may be confined to a t ledge, of width suflicient to receive the holes M M; or the disk may be a metallic packing, throwing the friction upon the sides of the steam chamber.

In Fig. 5, I have represented the arrangement for opening and closing the valve on the head of the condenser, or eduction pipe; this figure is a sectional view along the axis of the steam cylinder, the open end of it being supposed to be toward the propelling cylinder; but it may be situated in either a o is the steam cylinder; b, the piston; and c, the piston rod; d, 'the exhaust tube leading to the condenser; e, is the valve closing this tube, which valve is attached to a steam or rod f, which passes through the piston l), where it is surrounded by packing; this rod has a button g, at its end, against which the piston b strikes, at the end of its stroke, and opens the valve c. (Dn the return stroke of the piston, the friction of the rod f, within the piston, will close the valve; which will be held close by the pressure of the steam at its readmission. A spring may be made to bear against the button g, but it is supposed that this will not be found necessary.

By the foregoing arrangement and devices I produce the required action in each of the steam cylinders, without that array of eccentrics, connecting rods, valves and other appurtenances, ordinarily employed; but I do not intend to limit or conti-ne myself to the particular modes of constructing the respective parts, as herein made known. It is manifest that the pistons of the respective propelling cylinders might be acted upon by the requisite number of cranks upon the same crank shaft; but in this case the motion of the pistons in either direction would be performed in equal times, and this, where the propelling cylinders are at a considerable depth below the surface, (or in other words where the vessel draws several feet of water) would, I believe, be a good plan; but where their distance from the surface is small, this equality of motion might be objectionable.

`Where the rotary valve, above described, is employed, a separate engine may be con structed to give motion to the disk, and to the air pump, and supply pump; its power being such as to effect these objects, and its supply of steam being from one boiler common to the whole apparatus.

F or the purpose of backing the vessel, a cylinder or cylinders may be placed in the direction of the bows, similar to the propelling cylinders; the usual devices for throwing the stern pistons out of gear, and for putting those toward the bows into action, may in this case be adopted.

As it will be necessary sometimes to renew the. packing of the pistons of the propelling cylinders, provision must be made for this operation, and this may be readily done by shutters, as stoppers adapted to them, by which they may be closed at pleasure.

Having thus fully set forth the manner in which I construct my propelling apparatus; and having shown various modes in which I arrange the respective parts thereof, which, in many instances, consist of devices before known and used, and which I do not therefore intend to claim, as constituting any part of my invention; it is to be under stood that what I do claim, is-

The employment of propelling cylinders and pistons so constructed and arranged, as that the water, by which the propelling is to be edected, shall be admitted at the mouth or outer ends of said cylinders; while air has free ingress and egress within said cylinders, at that end which is to-ward or within the vessel; the water, as it Hows into said cylinders, doing so by hydrostatic pressure merely.


Witnesses Trios. P. JoNns, Geenen lVns'r.




Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060239561A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2006-10-26 Microsoft Corporation Write anywhere tool
US20100045611A1 (en) * 2008-08-21 2010-02-25 Microsoft Corporation Touch screen mobile device as graphics tablet input

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060239561A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2006-10-26 Microsoft Corporation Write anywhere tool
US20100045611A1 (en) * 2008-08-21 2010-02-25 Microsoft Corporation Touch screen mobile device as graphics tablet input

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US855258A (en) Wave-motor.
US938911A (en) Propelling means for vessels.
US657409A (en) Rotary engine.
US3003A (en) Improvement in the method of propelling vessels by means of continuous streams of water
US1094329A (en) Engine.
US3151527A (en) Barrel engine
US546055A (en) Steam-engine
US227319A (en) tegnander
US852033A (en) Motor.
US1801633A (en) Prime mover
US1199526A (en) Meter.
US137261A (en) Improvement in rotary steam-engines
US888806A (en) Rotary engine.
US1123311A (en) Air-motor.
US2364233A (en) Remote control steering and propulsion mechanism
US680357A (en) Wave-power apparatus.
US3037488A (en) Rotary hydraulic motor
US2797659A (en) Aqua jet propulsion device
US302182A (en) zotoff
US773401A (en) Rotary steam-engine.
US351657A (en) Steam-cylinder
US936932A (en) Air-compressor.
US658556A (en) Rotary engine or motor.
US1024098A (en) Oscillating engine.
US366662A (en) Machinery for propelling and steering boats