US1897729A - Molasses product and method of making the same - Google Patents

Molasses product and method of making the same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1897729A
US1897729A US263732A US26373228A US1897729A US 1897729 A US1897729 A US 1897729A US 263732 A US263732 A US 263732A US 26373228 A US26373228 A US 26373228A US 1897729 A US1897729 A US 1897729A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
molasses
same
dried
chamber
conduit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US263732A
Inventor
John C Maclachlan
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ALBERT P HUNT
Original Assignee
ALBERT P HUNT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ALBERT P HUNT filed Critical ALBERT P HUNT
Priority to US263732A priority Critical patent/US1897729A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1897729A publication Critical patent/US1897729A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/02Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by convection, i.e. heat being conveyed from a heat source to the materials or objects to be dried by a gas or vapour, e.g. air
    • F26B3/10Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by convection, i.e. heat being conveyed from a heat source to the materials or objects to be dried by a gas or vapour, e.g. air the gas or vapour carrying the materials or objects to be dried with it
    • F26B3/12Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by convection, i.e. heat being conveyed from a heat source to the materials or objects to be dried by a gas or vapour, e.g. air the gas or vapour carrying the materials or objects to be dried with it in the form of a spray, i.e. sprayed or dispersed emulsions or suspensions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/16Evaporating by spraying
    • B01D1/18Evaporating by spraying to obtain dry solids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B1/00Preliminary treatment of solid materials or objects to facilitate drying, e.g. mixing or backmixing the materials to be dried with predominantly dry solids

Description

Feb. 14, 1933. J. c. MacLAcHLAN 1,897,729
MOLASSES PRODUCT AND METHOD OF' MAKING THE SAME Filed March 22. 192s Y Patented-Feb. f4, A i i UNITED `sfjliivriszs PATENT oFFlclz JoIIN c. mcLAcHLAN, or cmcneo, ILLINOIS, AssIeNon, BY MEsNE ASSIGNMENTS, To
maar r.- JIUN'rl or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS xomssns raonucr AND Im'rnon or MAKING THE SAISIE i Application med Haren 22, 19128. Serial No. 263,782.
This invention relates to a process of drying a fluid or semi-Huid material', and particularly to a process of drying molasses. Molasses, especially the cheaper and coarser 5 forms, such as caneandsor um molasses, are now used in animal feeds, articularly the mixed rationed feeds. One -orm of this molasses is commonly .known as Black Strap. It is desirable for the purpose of 1 mixing, to have the molasses in dry and powdered form.
It is an object of this invention, therefore, to provide a simple land eicient means for producing a dry'or powdered form ofmolasses. u A
It is another object of the invention to provide a process of producing a dried product consisting of molasses, mixed with variouspground cereals or other feeds.
These and other objects and advantages ofthe invention will be -fully set forth in the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawing, in
which like reference characters refer to s1m.
ilar parts throughout the several views and in which A Fig. 1 shows a drying cabinet, the same v beinglargely in central vertical section;
Fig. 2 1s a partial central vertical section through-the distributing apparatus; and' A Fig.V 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, vshown on an enlarged scale. l It is an object' of the invention to provide a dried product containing molasses, Ywhich may also contain other materials. If the materials are to be mixed with molasses before the -same is dried, the molasses and ground materials such as wheat, corn or othen grain or- `ground alfalfa meal, are
mixed together by being-stirred in .any suitable ap aratus. The molasses mixture is.
then dellvered toa drying apparatus. The present process contemplates the drying of the materlal byl spraying and disintegrating the same by mechanicalor other means in a shower in a drying chamber, and passing heated air through said shower to substantially instantaneously -dry the' projected material. One form ofl apparatus suitable for carrying out the process is illustrated in the drawing. The material which will be in a fluid or semi-fluid condition is contained in a tank 5. While the material may be treated cold or at ordinary temperatures', it preferably will be kept comparatively warm or hot so as to be more liquid. The material passes from the container 5 through the valve equipped discharge spout 6 into the Afunnel 7 through -which it passes into a pipe 8. The pipe 8 discharges at its bottom onto a plate 9 which is carriedl on the under side of the 10. This head is secured to and carried on the lower endof a rotary spindle 11 dis' posed in suitable bearings carried in the frame 12, which spindle has the lgrooved dome-like.y or semi-spherical head pulley 13 secured thereto adapted to be rotated at high speed connected to a sultable motor 14a., While the motor and belt have been successful in driving the centrifugal discharge head,- the same may also be driven by a steamturbine secured to the rotating spindle 11. The frame 8 is secured in and partly disposed' in the top 15 of a chamber 16 having the side walls 17, and while the chamber may by means of a Vbelt 14 be of various forms, it preferably is cylindrical. A deiiecting member 18 is provided, of cylindrical form, having. an outwardly flared lower portion 18a disposed above the .member 10 and adjacent toand somewhat within the lower edge thereof. A pipe ]acent'its lower edge and is connected by a valve equipped pipe' 20,with a suitable or conduit 19 surrounds the member 18A ad- The chamber 16 has a bottom formed as V-shaped troughs 16a at its bottom, which preferably will be equipped with suitablev4 Yrotary discharge conveyors 17 of the screwv An outlet conduit 22 extends through the walls 17 in the chamber 21 and will be coni nected with some suitable suction device conlas dried by tained in the casing 23. The walls 17 are provided with removable panels 17a by which the chamber 16 may be inspected or entered. A conduit 24 extends around the top of chamber 16 atthe sides of and some distance from the member 18, said conduit having a multiplicity of openings 24a in its bottom. The conduit 24 communicates with a conduit 26-extending through the walls 17 which will extend to`some suitable means for delivering air under pressure' such as a blower housed in the casing 27.
Indcarrying out the process, the material discharged onto the plate 9 is thrown therefrom outwardly against the under side of the member-10 and will be thrown out centrifugally from the edge of said member as indicated by the arrows 25 in Fig. 1, so that the same passes downwardly in an umbrellalike shower. The steam is supplied under considerable pressure through the pipe 20- and this steam issues from the openings in pipe 19 as indicated in Figs. 2 'and 3 and meets the Eparticles projected from the disk 10 immediately adjacent `the edge of said disk.` This steam acts by impact on the particles and finely disintegrates the same so that the material is broken up into exceedinglyV fine particles. As the shower passes outwardly from member10, heated air is supplied through conduit 24, passes-downwardly through the same, and comes in contactwith the particles,-q'uickly drying the same. The material will be partly dried by the temperature of the steam from pipe 19 and the drying is completed by the heated -air supplied ,through the conduit 24. Thev finely divided and dried particles drop throu h the cabinet or chamber 16 into the troug s 16a. The air delivered to the cabinet passes through the foraminous walls 420?) into the chamber 21 and out through the conduit 22. As. stated, the air supplied throu h conduit 26 is first heated to a-considera le temperature. The dried molasses material collectsin the trou hs 16a and is' allowed toremain there until quite an accumulation occurs. The particles while assing downward in chamber 16 with the a1r, collect in a mass. The molasses material is quite hydroscopic and the particles tend to stick together. When a mass has collected in the cabinet, the supply of hot air is discontinued and cold air is passed into the cabinet through the conduit 26.
The temperature is thusflowered in the cabinet and brought to` quite a low\`point, somewhat above freezing. This cooling prevents the dried particles from stickingtogether and the same can beV handled, as :idried powder. This powder is then removed from the troughs 16a and placed in suitable coil-y tainers and sealed against the entrance of air.' As long as the dried molasses or dried the same are prepared in the usual mixing apparatus.
-From the above description it is seen that a plicant has provided a very simple and e cient process for drying molasses or molasses material. The dried product is very conveniently handled and transported, and much more conveniently mixed in the rationed feeds than is the liquid molasses. The volume i's, of course, much smaller, and transportation costs and space are saved. The process has been amply demonstrated in actual practice and found to be verysuccessful.
It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the steps and sequence of steps in the process and in the constituents and proportions of the roduct without departing from the scope o applicants inventionwhich, generally stated, consists in the process and product disclosed and defined inthe appended claims.
What is claimed 1s 1. The process of producing a dried molasses material which consists in mixing liquidA molasses with ground alfalfa meal, spraying 'and disintegrating said mixture in a drying chamber to form a shower, and
passing heated air through said showerv to quicky dry the material.
Y 2. he dprocess of producing a dried molasses an feed material which consists in mixing the liquid molasses with a finely ground vegetable feed material, project said mixture to finely divide the same an spraying the same in a shower ina dryin chamber and passin heated air througv said shower to quie y dry said material to form a fine dry powdered material.
3. The process of producin a molasses i product for a stock food whic consists in t with a ground cereal meal to' form a liquid or semi-liquid mixture, projecting and disintegrating said mixture in a hot drying medium to dry the same and form a dry powdered material.
4. The process of producing a molasses product for a stock food which consists in mixing molasses with alfalfa meal to form a liquid or semi-liquid mixture, projecting said mixture in the presence of a hot gaseous medium to disintegrate and dry the same to form a dry finely divided material.
In testimony whereor` I affix my signature.
' JOHN C. MACLACHLAN.
US263732A 1928-03-22 1928-03-22 Molasses product and method of making the same Expired - Lifetime US1897729A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US263732A US1897729A (en) 1928-03-22 1928-03-22 Molasses product and method of making the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US263732A US1897729A (en) 1928-03-22 1928-03-22 Molasses product and method of making the same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1897729A true US1897729A (en) 1933-02-14

Family

ID=23003015

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US263732A Expired - Lifetime US1897729A (en) 1928-03-22 1928-03-22 Molasses product and method of making the same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1897729A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2867535A (en) * 1957-01-04 1959-01-06 Sucro Mel Sa Process for drying non-crystallizable sugar molasses
US2991179A (en) * 1957-10-31 1961-07-04 Vy Lactos Lab Inc Method of and means for dehydrating flowable matter
US3880668A (en) * 1972-04-05 1975-04-29 Western Consumers Ind Inc Apparatus for producing molasses food product
EP0227486A2 (en) * 1985-12-27 1987-07-01 TDK Corporation Spray drying process and apparatus therefor
WO1988001835A1 (en) * 1986-09-15 1988-03-24 John Maxwell Wildman Powdered molasses product
US5213771A (en) * 1988-10-31 1993-05-25 Olin Corporation Gas injector for hypochlorous acid reactor

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2867535A (en) * 1957-01-04 1959-01-06 Sucro Mel Sa Process for drying non-crystallizable sugar molasses
US2991179A (en) * 1957-10-31 1961-07-04 Vy Lactos Lab Inc Method of and means for dehydrating flowable matter
US3880668A (en) * 1972-04-05 1975-04-29 Western Consumers Ind Inc Apparatus for producing molasses food product
EP0227486A2 (en) * 1985-12-27 1987-07-01 TDK Corporation Spray drying process and apparatus therefor
EP0227486A3 (en) * 1985-12-27 1988-03-16 Tdk Corporation Spray drying process and apparatus therefor
US4809442A (en) * 1985-12-27 1989-03-07 Tdk Corporation Spray drying process and apparatus therefor
WO1988001835A1 (en) * 1986-09-15 1988-03-24 John Maxwell Wildman Powdered molasses product
US5213771A (en) * 1988-10-31 1993-05-25 Olin Corporation Gas injector for hypochlorous acid reactor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2995773A (en) Process and apparatus for agglomerating pulverulent materials
US2893871A (en) Agglomeration process and apparatus
US1157935A (en) Method of and apparatus for desiccating liquid substances.
US3520066A (en) Spray drying method
US2900256A (en) Method and apparatus for producing granulated food products
GB2182537A (en) Agglomeration process for food products
US3527647A (en) Agglomerating process and apparatus
US3360865A (en) Process and apparatus for agglomerating and drying flour
WO2009005485A1 (en) Method for producing food powder from biological raw material and a plant for carrying out said method
US3134576A (en) Apparatus for mixing powdered, finegrained or fibrous products
US2856290A (en) Starch product and process of manufacture
US1897729A (en) Molasses product and method of making the same
US1155977A (en) Method of treating flour and product thereof.
US2225428A (en) Recovery of unfermentable residues
US1601897A (en) Apparatus for producing granular products
US3397067A (en) Flour product and method of making
US2253319A (en) Production of animal feed products
US2295868A (en) Process for preparing food products
US2148998A (en) Mixing and drying apparatus
US3126289A (en) figure
US2758445A (en) Device for cooling and dewatering sand and aggregate
US3071471A (en) Process for preparing a quick-cooking rice product
RU2246839C2 (en) Method and apparatus for producing of powder from raw plant material
US2350643A (en) Machine for preparing food products
US2856288A (en) Pectin product and process of manufacture