US1896188A - Masonry facing construction - Google Patents

Masonry facing construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US1896188A
US1896188A US306439A US30643928A US1896188A US 1896188 A US1896188 A US 1896188A US 306439 A US306439 A US 306439A US 30643928 A US30643928 A US 30643928A US 1896188 A US1896188 A US 1896188A
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facing
units
secured
backing
shown
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Expired - Lifetime
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US306439A
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Vern E Shanklin
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Vern E Shanklin
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass
    • E04F13/147Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass with an outer layer imitating natural stone, brick work or the like

Description

Feb- 7, 1933 v. E. sHANKLlN MASONRY FACING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 17, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet l /N VENTO-R Feb. 7, 1933. v E, sHANKLlN 1,896,188

MASONRY FACING CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 17, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR.

Patented Feb. 7, 1933 UNITI-:D STATES VEEN E. sHANxLIN, or'l DALLAS, TEXAS MASONBY FACING `CONSTIRUC'I'IOVN Application led September 17, 1928. kSerial No. 306,439.`

This invention relates to a method ofy applying masonry facing to composition, woodor metal backing and then securing said assembly upon a superstructure, particularly referring to such construction as applied to buildings where a. veneer is required.

The object of this invention is to provide a means whereby construction and material costs are substantially reduced through sav- 0 ing n time and material, without detracting in any way from the appearance of the finished surface so treated or the wearing qualities thereof.

That `which I believe to be new and novel in this construction is the division of the method of construction into two sta es or steps, rst, the securing of masonry acing units, such as brick, tile, artificial or natural stone, and the like, through dovetailing, in-

terlocking or otherwise mechanically securing same, together with the assistance of a mastic binder, upon, into, or over a backing of wood, metal or composition, in this process, interlocking each masonry unit with the like unit adjacent to it which are provided in each unit for this purpose, and secondly, securing said assembly upon a superstructure in such a manner that the resultant completed work presents a uniform, weatherproof surface.

By the employment of this method, weight of materials ma be substantially reduced and the assembling facilitatedv without the employment of highly skilled labor.

In the attached drawings are shown varied forms of facings and methods of attachment to bacln'ngs of the characters mentioned, to

more clearly demonstrate the working out of g this method.

The detailed description of the figures -is as follows.

Figure 1 yis a sectional view showing a masonry facing secured by mechanical and plastic means to a metal frame `adapted to be secured to the building superstructure.

Figure 2 is a sectional view of another form of facing secured through mechanical interlocking and plastic material to a wood base, all of which is thereafter nailed or otherwise secured to a superstructure.

Figure 3 is a sectional view of a like form of facing secured throughy the agencyl of a plurality of vertical and `horizontal wires yinto the face of al concrete wall structure' as the latter is pouredinto forms.

Figure 4 is another form of facing secured 55" by plastic material to a composition backing.y

Figure 5 is a sectional view of a series of plain facing units secured by mastic binder to a composition backing or base.

Figure 6 is a perspective view of a section 00 of that structure shown in Figure 3.

f Figure 7 isa perspective view of that section shown in Figure 3.

Figure 8 is a unit of facing with a plane rear surface adapted to `be secured by mastic or otherwise yto a wood, metal or composition base, and the said assembly then secured to a superstructure.

Continuing the description, in Figure l, facing units 1-1 are shown, each being pro- 70 vided withl an internally expanding recess 2.

A metal framework 8 is provided which has elongated elevations 3a thereon, adapted to engage within the recessed facing units, which are slid over them. y

Between each of said units are secured in the rearward portion 4 of the metal backing, members 10-10 which tie into a mastic material 5. This material is placed upon the metal surface before the facing units are slid thereon, and, which upon hardenin serves to bind and stien the entire assem ly. In this figure, as well as the other forms of construction shown, and indicated bydifl'erent numerals, means at 6 and 7 are shown where- 85 by adjacent assembly units are secured toether. An extension 8 from member 7 is adapted tobe secured by pins or other suitf ablemeans 9 to the building superstructure.

' In Figure 2, a type of facing 11 is shown 90' which has a rearwardly extending expanding shoulder 13 whichy conformably engages a wood backing 12 as shown, and a `mastic filler 5 whichpasses between and beneath the facing in front of the shoulder engages a recess 13a, between each pair` of facing units, and,- in thepwood backing, and upon solidification, binds the assembly-together, each. assembly yunitheing engageable with an ad-v jacent unit by interlocking means 14. and 15 100 255 plastic material 21a, and the assembly is in in the wooden backing. Plastic composition at 5a is adapted to fill the spaces between each pair of facing units.

In Figure 3, facing units lf3-16, are shown being assembled upon wires 17 and 18, which form the mechanical means for tying the facing units into the concrete Wall 16a, the latter being poured back of the facing unit assembly, which has been previously placed in the form. Spacers, not shown 1n the inner front side of the form, aline and space the facing units.

In Figure 4l, a modified facing unit 20 is shown with its plane front surface forming a right angle with each of its top and bottom surfaces, the rear surface, however, of each unit tapering toward the top. The enlarged base is adapted to rest upon a. composition backing 22 cut as shown to conform generally to the shape of each unit back;

upon the backing is applied the mastic 21 and the facing units are then applied thereon. After the mastic hardens the spaces between the facing units are. filled with the readiness to be secured to the building superstructure. Interlocking members 23--24 kin the backing are adapted to join the assembly units.

In Figure 5, brick facers 25 are secured by plastic 26 upon a composition backing 27, and after mechanical set is attained, each assembly unit is secured to its adjacent unit by members 28-29 and secured upon the superstructure.

In Figure 6, a perspective of that form shown in Figure 3 is shown to better depict the formation and arrangement of the different p arts.

In Figure` 7, in like manner, is illustrated in perspective, that form shown in Figure 2.

Figure 8 shows a modeled facing unit having the face thereof, with the appearance of a plurality of bricks or blocks, the extremities of each end being so shaped as to convey the impression of an unbroken wall surface when several units are secured by mastic or otherwise upon a backing of composition, wood or metal, the mastic or other means serving solely to secure them u on the backing as in the case of the brick facers of Figure 5.

Other modifications may be made within the scope and meaning of the following claim.

l/Vhat I claim is:

In a wall and partition construction, the combination comprising masonry facing units having flaring tenons disposed longitudinally on one face thereof, sectional, interlocking backing units, each of said units having inwardly fiar-ed recesses equi-distant ly spaced along their lengths to correspondingly receive the tenons of said facing units, said backing units further having smaller VERN E. SHANKLIN.

US306439A 1928-09-17 1928-09-17 Masonry facing construction Expired - Lifetime US1896188A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2938376A (en) * 1956-10-29 1960-05-31 Workman Francis Prefabricated siding for buildings
US5014488A (en) * 1989-12-06 1991-05-14 Grigoropoulos Evangelos Method for installation of building tiles without adhesive materials and standardized tiles for implementing the same
US20070271866A1 (en) * 2004-01-27 2007-11-29 Stevens Donald A Framing System and Method for Assembling the Same
US20120031034A1 (en) * 2008-09-12 2012-02-09 Progressive Foam Technologies, Inc. Insulating siding system
US10106989B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-10-23 Advanced Formliners, Llc Apparatus for setting objects
US10119280B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2018-11-06 Advanced Formliners, Llc Form liner for visually enhanced concrete
USD860479S1 (en) 2017-12-01 2019-09-17 SpeedyMason, LLC Architectural panel

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2938376A (en) * 1956-10-29 1960-05-31 Workman Francis Prefabricated siding for buildings
US5014488A (en) * 1989-12-06 1991-05-14 Grigoropoulos Evangelos Method for installation of building tiles without adhesive materials and standardized tiles for implementing the same
US20070271866A1 (en) * 2004-01-27 2007-11-29 Stevens Donald A Framing System and Method for Assembling the Same
US20120031034A1 (en) * 2008-09-12 2012-02-09 Progressive Foam Technologies, Inc. Insulating siding system
US8387326B2 (en) * 2008-09-12 2013-03-05 Progressive Foam Technologies, Inc. Insulating siding system
US10106989B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-10-23 Advanced Formliners, Llc Apparatus for setting objects
US10119280B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2018-11-06 Advanced Formliners, Llc Form liner for visually enhanced concrete
USD860479S1 (en) 2017-12-01 2019-09-17 SpeedyMason, LLC Architectural panel

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