US1863448A - Control system for rams - Google Patents

Control system for rams Download PDF

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Publication number
US1863448A
US1863448A US367001A US36700129A US1863448A US 1863448 A US1863448 A US 1863448A US 367001 A US367001 A US 367001A US 36700129 A US36700129 A US 36700129A US 1863448 A US1863448 A US 1863448A
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Prior art keywords
pump
fluid
pressure
discharge
motor
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Expired - Lifetime
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US367001A
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Henry W Landenberger
Link Harry Wesley
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AMERICAN FLUID MOTORS Co
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AMERICAN FLUID MOTORS Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/16Control arrangements for fluid-driven presses
    • B30B15/18Control arrangements for fluid-driven presses controlling the reciprocating motion of the ram

Description

June 14, 1932. H. w. LANDENBERGER ET AL 1,863,448

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR RAMS Filed May 29. 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 June 1932- H. w. LANDENBERGER ET AL 1,863,448

CONTROL, SYSTEM FOR RAMS Filed May. 29, .1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented June 14, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HENRY W. LANDENBE'RGEB AND HARRY WESLEY LINK, F PHEAIDELPHIA, PENN- SYLVAN IA, ASSIGNORS 'IQAMERICAN FLUID MOTORS COMPANY, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA I conrnor. sysrnm roza ams Application filed Kay 29, 1929. Serial No. 367,001.

Ourinvention relates to means for supply ing the rams of hydraulic presses with operating fluid and for controlling the supply thereof.

In pressing certain substances, particularly brittle substances such as glass, the operation of the ram controlling the movable platen must be very closely regulated, as otherwise considerable breakage occurs. In

W pressing glass, particularly, it is necessary that the plate be moved very slowly when it brings pressure to bear thereon and an im' portant object of the present invention is to provide means for automatically checking the speedofthe ram at this time.

A further an more specific object of the invention is to provide, in combination the hydraulic press and a pump for supplying fluid to actuate the movable platen of the press, of a means for automatically reducing the fluid delivery when the platen reaches a I predetermined point.

A further and more specific object of the invention is the provision of a fluid-supplying means for hydraulic presses consisting of a variable-stroke pump together with automatic means for varying the stroke of the pump when the ram has reached a predetermined point to decrease the amount offluid supplied to the press.

A still further object of the invention is to provide, in combination with a hydraulic press, a reversible, variable-stroke pump for supplying fluid thereto and a means for automatically-varying the stroke of the pump when the movable platen of the press approaches the fixed platen thereof to a predetermined degree, together with a means employing the discharge of the pump when reversed to open the line between the pump and the press and to permit the return of the actuating fluid to a supply reservoir for the A still further object of the invention is to provide a construction permitting the control of the pump both in its reversal and in the automatic reduction of the discharge thereof to be regulated by any pressure medium.

f These and other objects we obtain by the construction shown in the accompanying drawings wherein for the purpose-of illustration, we have shown a preferred embodiment of our invention and wherein:

Fig.1 is an end elevation showing pumping apparatus and a control therefor constructed in accordance with our invention connected with a press;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the pumping apparatus, a portion of the discharge line being shown in section;

Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view through the fluid pressure control apparatus and portions of the variable-stroke mechanism of the F g. 4 1s a fragmentary elevation of the stroke-control mechanism; and

Fig. 5 is a sectional view through the check valve controlling the automatic reduction stroke.

Referring now more particularl to the drawings, numeral 10 generallyudeslgnates a reversible variable-stroke pump. This pump is at present illustrated as of the type described in the patent to Hele-Shaw and Martineau No. 1,250,170, dated Dec. 18, 1917, for rotary pump or motor. Pumps of this character are well-known and in common use and need no, description other than a statement that both the reversal and output for effective stroke of pump is varied by longitudinally shifting a yoke 11, which yoke controls the eccentricity of a piston carrier with relation to a cylinder carrier with which it is associated. The discharge of said pumps is usually controlled by an automatic control mechanism generally designated at 12 consisting of a spring means resisting movement of the yoke in one direction or the other and having engagement with the yoke through a lever 13. The means for adjusting the pressure of the spring includes a threaded shaft 14 and, in accordance with our invention, we provide a lever mechanism con-' sisting of a pair of bevelled levers 15 pivotally supporting therebetween a yoke 16 which is held against longitudinal movement upon 1 the shaft.

The pump has associated therewith a sump 17, at present illustrated as forming a base therefor and the casin of the pump is connected with the sump y lines 18 and 19 alternately operating as intake lines for the pump and each having arranged therein a check valve 20 closed toward the pump. A conduit 21 is employed to connect this sump with the ram cylmder of the press (not here- '21' shown) and in this lineis arranged a check valve 22. The casing of this valve has arranged therein a check valve 23 seating toward the sump and having its stem 24 extended into a chamber 25 which is sealed against fluid passing through conduit 21 and in communication with the line 19, as indicated at 26. The casing beyond the check valve 23 from the sump has communication with the pump line18, as at 27.

Associated with the pump 10, and at present shown secured thereto, is a cylinder 28 with a piston 29 therein. The rod 30 of this piston is connected through a yoke 31 and links 32 with the levers 15. Supported from and in axial alignment with .the cylinder 28 valve 41 will open: '48

is a'second cylinder 33 having a piston 34 of greater diameter thanpiston 29 and having the rod 35 thereof projecting through the end wall opposing cylinder 28. Adjustable in this end wall is a stop 36 engaging a collar or enlargement 37 of rod 35 when piston 34 has moved toward the cylinder 28a distance determined by said stop.

The stationary and movable press platens are respectively indicated at 39 and 40 and the platen 39 has associated therewith a check-valve structure 41.. The stem 42 of the valve element of this valve projects downwardly toward the movable platen 40 and this movable platen is preferably provided with an adjustable stop 43 for engagement with the stem of the valve so that when the movable platen 40 has approached the platen 39 to a determined point, the check A control valve 44 is provided including an operating element 45 movable from a neutral position, indicated in solid lines in Fig.

1,.to pressing or discharge positions, indicated at a and b, respectively. When in the position a, pressure is supplied through the conduit 46 to the inner end of cylinder 28 and through a branch 46a of this conduit to the intake chamber of the check valve 41. The exhaust chamber of this check valve is connected through a conduit 47 with the outer end of cylinder 33. When in the posi-- tion 5, pressure is supplied to the outer end of cylinder 28 through a conduit48.

In operation of the apparatus just described, the pump is put on full-stroke by moving the control element 45 to the position a, thus introducing pressure to the in-v ner end of cylinder 28 and shifting the piston 29 and yoke 31 to the right in Fig. 1. In the movement of the piston 29, the end of the rod thereof contacts with the rod 35 of piston 34, so that this piston is moved simultaneously therewith. At this time, line 19 is operating as a suction line and the line 18 as a discharge line and fluid is being delivered in maximum quantities by the pump 10. As the ram 40-e1evates and reaches a predetermined point, the check valve 41 is curs being regulated by the position of stop 36. Ram 40 now moves very slowly until it reaches its final pressing position and pump 10 will only serve to supply suflicient fluid to maintain the desired pressure against the elements pressed between the platens. After holding the pressure for the desired length of time, the operator movesthe handle 45 to the position b, thereby introducing pressureto the outer end of cylinder 28 and causing the yoke and lower ends of the control levers 15 to move to the left in Fig. 1 and thus reverse the direction of discharge of the pump. Line 1.8 now acts as a suction line, while line 19 operates as a discharge line and the pressure built up in this line acting beneath the stem 24 of the check valve 23 lifts this check valve from its seat, permitting the fluid in the ram cylinder and line 21 to return to the sump 1'7. x p

It will be obvious that while control apparatus has been illustrated as a plied to a particular type of pump, it mlght readily be combined with other types without in any pump supplying fluid to actuate the platen 'controlling'the stroke of the pump and movable from full-stroke to neutral positions,

ressure actuated means engaging said memlier to shift it to the full-stroke position,

in its working stroke, a shiftable member ressure actuated means engaging the mem er to shift it toward its neutral position and adapted to overcome the first-named pressure-actuated means, and means operated by the movable platen after a predetermined movement in its working stroke'for automatically introducing pressure ,to the last-named actuating means.

2. In combination with a hydraulic press and shift said member to decrease the output der and likewise having a piston, a rod for said piston adapted to engage the connection between said member and the firstnamed rod to shift the member toward its neutral position against the action from the first named piston and means operated by the movable platen after a predetermined movement in its working stroke for automatically introducing pressure to the lastnamed cylinder.

3. In combination with a hydraulic press having a shiftable platen, means for supplying fluid pressure to the press to shift said platen, includin a variable-output pump, a member shifta Is to increase or decrease the output of the pump, fluid pressure operated means for shifting said member to increase the output of the pump, a second fluid pressure operated means adapted to over- :om'e the first-named pressure operated means of the pump and means for supplying pressure to said second pressure operated means including a valve operated by the platen press after a predetermined travel thereof in its working stroke.

4. In combination with a hydraulic press having a shiftable platen, means for supplying fluid pressure to the press'to lift said platen, including a variable-output pump, a member shiftable to increase or decrease the output of the pump, fluid pressure operated means for shifting said member to increase the output of the pump, a second fluid pressureoperated means adapted to overcome the first-named pressure operated means and shift said member to decrease the output of the pump, means for supplying pressure'to said second pressure operated means including a valve operated by the platen of the press after a predetermined travel thereof in its working stroke and means adjustable to vary the distance through which the platen moves prior to operation of said valve.

5. The combination with a pressure-actuated member, of a variable discharge pump adapted to supply pressure to actuate said member, means for regulating the discharge of said pump, a fluid motor operatively connected with said regulating means, a second fluid motor of greaterpower also operatively connected with said regulating means and adapted to operate the latter in opposition to the first-named motor, means for applying pressure to the first-named motor to effect a predetermined regulation of the pum dis.- charge, and means actuated by a pre etermined movement of the pressure-actuated member for admitting fluid pressure to the second of said motors to effect a predetermined readjustment of said regulating-means.

6. The combination with a fluid-impelled member, of a variable discharge pump adapt-.

ed to supplypressure to actuate said member, means for regulating the discharge of said pump, a fluid motor operatively connected with said regulating means and operative to actuate said adjusting means to increase the pump discharge, a second fluid motor operative upon the regulating means in opposition to the first-named motor and adapted to decrease the pump discharge, a source of fluid pressure associated with both of said motors, means for controlling the connection of both of said motors with said source, and a valve constituting an additional control for the connection between said source and the second motor and adapted to be actuated by movement of the fluid impelled member.

7. The combination with a fluid-propelled member, of a variable discharge pump adaptedto supply fluid pressure to actuate said member, means for regulating thedischarge of said pump. a fluid motor operativelyconnected with said regulating means for increasing said discharge, a second fluid motor connected to said regulating means and operative in opposition to the first-named motor to decrease the pump discharge means for admittin fluid pressure to the first-named motor an for subsequently admitting fluid pressure to the second motor, and adjustable means for limiting the operation of the second motor with respect to the regulating means.

8. The combination with a fluid-propelled member, of a variable discharge pump adapted to supply fluid pressure to actuate said member, means for regulating the rate of discharge of said pump, a fluid motor connected with said regulating means and operative to increase the said rate of discharge, a second fluid motor connected to said regulating means and operative in opposition to the first-named motor to decrease the said rate of discharge, and'means for admitting fluid pressure to the first-named motor and for subsequently admitting pressure to the second motor to thereby effect an increase and subsequent decrease in the rate of discharge of said pump.

9. The combination with afluid-propelled member, of a variable discharge pump adapted to supply pressure to actuate said member,

means for regulating the rate of discharge of said pump, a fluid motor operative on said both of said motors with a source of flui crease the rate of discharge of the pump, a

manually-controlled valve for connectin ener and a second valve normally prevent- 5 ing ow of the actuating fluid to the secondnamed motor and actuated to admit said fluidttothemotor by a predetermined movement 02f thefluid-propelled member.

10. The combination with a fluid-propel led member, of a variable discharge pump ,for actuating said member, means for regulating the rateof discharge of said pump from a zero discharge to a predetermined maximum, a reversible fluid motor for actuatingithe regulating means between the neutral an maximum positions, a second fluid motor operative in opposition to the first-named motor to predeterminedly reduce the said rate of discharge, manual means for controlling the flow of fluid to both of said motors, a supplemental valve normally preventing flow of actuating fluid to the second-named motor,

and means associated with the fluid propelled member for opening said valve followinga predetermined movement of said member.-

11. The combination with pressure-actuated member, of a reversible and variable discharge pump for actuating said member, means for regulatingthe direction and rate of discharge of said pump including a reversible fluid motor, and manual means for controlling the actuation of said motor, and

a second motor also connected with said regulating means for redeterminedly readjusting the rate of disc arge of said pump in opposition to the operation of the first-named motor, and'a control valve for said second motor operatively associated with the pressure-actuated member.

12. In combination with an hydraulic press having a movable platen, of a variable output reversible'discharge pump operativelv connected with the ress, a member shiftable to increase and dbcrease the output of thepump and to eflect said reversal, fluid pressure operated means for shifting said member to one position wherein the said platen is advanced and to a second position efl'ecting a retraction of said platen, and means controlled by the said platen and overcoming the fluid premure operated means for shifting saidmember from the firstretraction of said platen, and a second fluid pressure, operated means controlled b said platen and overcoming the first-name fluid pressure operated means for shifting said member from the first position to a third position reducing the pump output in the platen-advancing operation.

HENRY W. LANDENBERGER.

HARRY W. LINK.

US367001A 1929-05-29 1929-05-29 Control system for rams Expired - Lifetime US1863448A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426446A (en) * 1943-11-22 1947-08-26 Funk Rudolph Press brake
US2533833A (en) * 1946-08-10 1950-12-12 Int Harvester Co Opposed hydraulic ram power transmission, including hydraulically operated power transmission stop
US2538812A (en) * 1947-05-29 1951-01-23 Franklin H Umberger Pressure fluid motor
US2552604A (en) * 1945-06-06 1951-05-15 Ludwig Von Roll Schen Iron Wor Fluid pressure control for variable delivery pump hydraulic drive system control
US2567715A (en) * 1946-02-19 1951-09-11 Western Electric Co Hydraulic press control
US2740382A (en) * 1952-09-26 1956-04-03 William R Morgan Adjustably controlled glassware transfer mechanism
US2810930A (en) * 1950-10-06 1957-10-29 Mortimer D Macdonald Press having thickness control means
US2918040A (en) * 1954-12-15 1959-12-22 Mead Specialties Company Power cylinder assembly

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426446A (en) * 1943-11-22 1947-08-26 Funk Rudolph Press brake
US2552604A (en) * 1945-06-06 1951-05-15 Ludwig Von Roll Schen Iron Wor Fluid pressure control for variable delivery pump hydraulic drive system control
US2567715A (en) * 1946-02-19 1951-09-11 Western Electric Co Hydraulic press control
US2533833A (en) * 1946-08-10 1950-12-12 Int Harvester Co Opposed hydraulic ram power transmission, including hydraulically operated power transmission stop
US2538812A (en) * 1947-05-29 1951-01-23 Franklin H Umberger Pressure fluid motor
US2810930A (en) * 1950-10-06 1957-10-29 Mortimer D Macdonald Press having thickness control means
US2740382A (en) * 1952-09-26 1956-04-03 William R Morgan Adjustably controlled glassware transfer mechanism
US2918040A (en) * 1954-12-15 1959-12-22 Mead Specialties Company Power cylinder assembly

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