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Antiglare shield

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Publication number
US1857284A
US1857284A US53697531A US1857284A US 1857284 A US1857284 A US 1857284A US 53697531 A US53697531 A US 53697531A US 1857284 A US1857284 A US 1857284A
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shield
device
means
strip
eye
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Expired - Lifetime
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Horatio D Nelson
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Horatio D Nelson
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand
    • A61F9/02Goggles
    • A61F9/025Special attachment of screens, e.g. hinged, removable; Roll-up protective layers

Description

May 10, 1932. H. D. NELSON ANTIGLARE SHIELD Filed May 15, 1931 5 Sheets-Sheet l May 10, 1932. H. D. NELSON 7 1,357,234

ANTIGLARE SHIELD Filed May 15, 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 May 10, 1932.

H. D. NELSON ANTIGLARE SHIELD Filed May 13, 1931 .3 Sheets-Sheet 3 V91 VE 0R 1 ATTORNEY Patented May 10, 1932 UNITED STATES HORATIO D. NELSON, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY ANTIGLARE SHIELD Application filed May 13, 1931. Serial No. 536,975.

This invention relates to anti-glare devices adapted to be carried by the wearer at a distance in front of the eyes.

One object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described having improved means for detachably mounting the same on a hat brim.

' Another object of the invention is the provisionof a device of the nature set forth having improved means for mounting the same, for example, reversibly, either upon a hat brim or directly upon the head of the wearer.

Another object of the invention is to afford a device of the type mentioned having improved means for mounting the same upon the nose and ears of the wearer, the device being arranged toafford a simplified construction and afiord a maximum range of vision. I

It is in every case an object of theinVention to provide an eye protector whichmay be worn by either men or women, and according to the different styles or entire absence of hats, and which is preferably so arranged as not to interfere with the wearing of the ordinary glasses for the eyes.

A further object is to furnish a device of the class alluded to having comparatively few and. simple. parts, and which is inexpen- 39 sive to manufacture and assemble, neat and convenient to wear, and durable, reliable, and eflicient in use.

Other objects and advantages of the in ventionwill become apparent asthe specifi cation proceeds.

With the aforesaid objects in view, the invention consists in the novel combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter described in their preferred embodiments,

4o pointed out in the subjoined claims, and il lustrated on the annexed drawings, wherein like parts are designated by the same reference characters throughout the several views.

In the drawings:

Figurel is a perspective View showing an embodiment of the invention as applied "to the brim of a hat;

Fig. 2 is a viewinfront elevation of the to device.

of a applied inreversed position to the head ,of

the wearer. j I v Fig. 8 is a top plan view of amodificat-ion of the invention. I a Fig. 9 is a transverse view in vertical section taken on the line 9--9 of Fig.8, and

showing therelation of the same to the wearershead. 1

Fig. 10 is a view in front elevationof the device.

Fig. 11 is a view in front'elevation of a modified form of the invention. Fig: 12 is a horizontal sectional vie on line 12-12 of Fig. 11.

Fig. 13 is a vertical sectionalview taken on .line'13-13 of Fig. 1 1.

Fig. 14: is a top plan view of theldevice as 'pplied to the head of a wearer, with part of thefastening removed. 7

Fig. 15 is a view in cross section corresponding to Fig. 6 and showing a further modification. a i I The advantages of the invention as here taken outlined are best realized when'all of its foaltures and instrumentalities are combinedin one and'the same structure, but, useful devices may be producedeinbodying less than the whol It will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains, that the. same may be incorporated in several different constructions. The accompanying drawings, therefore, are submitted merely as showing] the preferred exemplification of the invention. v

Referring in detail to the drawings, 11 de-, notes a device embodying the invention. The same is shown as applied to a hat 12 of any conventional type, at the brim 13 thereof, so as tobe carried at a distance in front of the wearers eyes. As the device 11 is relatively light in weight, it may be conveniently mounted in this manner for various purposes. Among these may be mentioned that in connection with the driving of an automobile, in which it is desired to avoid glare upon the eyes of the driver due to headlights or other powerful sources of illumination. Preferably, the device 11. is so arranged as to be normally above the range of vision, but when protection for the eyes is desired, it may suffice for the driver to momentarily tilt his head slightly forward to bring the anti-glare shield into the range ofvision. Another use to which the device may be put is in ordinary out door use as at a baseball field or where other spectacles are to be observed under the powerful light of the sun.

, The device 11 includes an anti-glare shield 14 which offers resistancetoflthepassage of light, and may be of different degrees of translucency, and of different colors. The shield 14 may be made of various materials, among which may be mentioned composition materials such as celluloid, and the like. The

advantages of the invention are; best realized by the use of aflexible or resilient sheet material, particularly one which can be readily cut and formed to obtain the desired construction.

For detachablyconnecting the shield 14 to the brim of the hat, a suitable fastening means 15 is provided, which is preferably so shaped as to permit the same to be made integral with the shield. Thus I may use the U shaped clamps 16, a plurality of which may upper edge'of the shield may be downwardly concaved at 20, or both, whereby the shield, with the upper edge substantially in contact with the underside of the brim, extends in I When the device is detached from the hat brim, the shield 14 may lie in a plane so as to be readily put away in the pocket of the wearer. Any strain to which the clamps may be subjected when so carried will not break the same, due to the elasticity and curvature of the bends. Thus even the angles at 21 may be considerably rounded. The material out of which the device is made may be quite thin, say one sixty fourth of an inch or less, to be highly flexible, but the material may also be of greater thickness. When mounted on a hat, it is found that the eye shield readily assumes the curvature of the brim.

Due to the flexibility of the shield 14, the device is readily reversible by flexing in an opposite direction, it being a feature of the invention that the clamps are utilized as a spacing means to hold the shield at a distance in front of the eyes, when a hat is not worn; such spacing increases the convenience in use of the device, and prevents interference with eye glasses if these are worn. To accomplish this purpose, an auxiliary, fastening'means may be provided, as hereinafter shown in Figs. 6 and 7, whichmay be connected in any suitable manner with the shield 14, as, for example, by means of -eyelets 22 at the ends of the shield, which eyelets may carry conventional hooks 23 that may be connected with a flexible band disposed around the head. The clamps, due to their flexibility, will make convenient contact with the forehead of the wearer. Owing to the acute angle of the clamps with relation to the eye shield, the latter will be properly balanced thereon and caused to extend downward and forward. By the provision of a plurality of the clamps, the same may conveniently retain the shield in centered position with respect to the forehead of the wearer. Certain of the foregoing details of construction will be hereinafter more fully described.

In Figs. 4 to 7 is shown a modification of the invention which differs from the previous form principally in that the fastening means are formed as part of a flexible strip of material. Specifically, I provide an eye shield 24 having secured at its upper edge as by rivets 25 a strip of thin sheet material 26 which may consist of metal or a composition material. The upper edge may be concaved at 27 and a plurality of U-shaped clips are formed or stamped from lateral projections of said strip. These clips are arranged and formed as above described and function in a similar manner. At the ends of the strip are formed hooks 29. When the device is worn on a hat, the clips engage the brim 13,

the shield and strip 26 having sufilcient 1 flexibility to curve accordingly. Then the device is worn directly on the head, the shield and strip, being quite thin are readily reversely flexed, and a flexible band 30 disposed around the head 31, detachably connected to the hooks 29 by means of eyes 32; and this band may be similarly used with the hooks 23 of the device 11. The bends 33 of the clips may be of sufficient size to comfortably bear on the Wearers forehead, and, if necessary, may be suitably cushioned.

It is thus seen that Ihave provided means including fastening elements for engaging a hat brim and for spacing the eye shield a distance in front of the eyes in the reversed position. Various modifications inconstruction may be devised to embody this principle, and it will be'understood that the reversal of the shield-is primarily one of convenience sheet material such-as metal, having a longitudinal upwardly concaved channel 39, providing the plane portions 40, 41. The latter may include an integral downward extending nose piece 42 having a central curved portion 43 to fit the middle portion of the nose. At the ends of the element 41 are provided flanges 44 underneath the element 41 and parallel thereto. These flanges are bent from element 41 at 45 and are cut away therefrom at 46. Templets or car pieces 47 are connected by pivot pins 48 passing through the element 41 and a flange 44, between which each ear piece extends.

It will be noted that the device 34 permits a large range of vision as indicated by the line 49. Nevertheless the templet-s 47 have a parallel bearing. The device is well adapted for inexpensive manufacture by stamping, and the like.

It will be appreciated that various changes and modifications may be made in the-device as shown in the drawings, and that the same is submitted in an illustrative and not in a limiting sense, the scope of the invention being' defined in the followings claims.

In-Figs. 11 to 14 is shown a modification 50 of the invention whereby very low cost in manufacture is attained, and the device may be freely flexed without buckling of any part thereof. This device also includes other improved features that will now be described.

The device 50 includes an eye protector shield 51 of thin sheet material of a resilient or flexible nature. Disposed along the upper edge of this shield is a mounting means therefor, which may include a strip 52 of'thin resilient sheet metal or other material. Connected in any suitable manner with said strip, or formed integrally therewith, are fasteners 53. These may be the same as hereinbefore described, but are preferably flattened at the bend 54 to aflord alarger bearing area on the forehead of the wearer. Moreover, said fasteners may be longitudinally curved along the bends 54 to conform to the wearers forehead as; shown in F ig. 14, but such curved form is slight and will notiinterfere with the attachment of the device to a hat brim by means of the fasteners. If desired,

the end fasteners may be slightly longitudinally tapered so as to avoid excessive pressure on the forehead at 55, as shown inexaggerated relation in the drawings. Thus the force of flexure reacting from the eye shield is evenly distributedalong the. bearing areas.

To-connect the strip 52 with the shield 51, the former may have the tongues 56 struck therefrom, leaving openings or slots 57. The eye shield may have corresponding;registering openings 58 therein, through which the tongues 56 are entered and bent over as shown. By forming the openings 58 slightly larger, relative sliding movement may beef fected as between the. shield and the strip 52. This facilitates the interconnection and also permits the deviceto be readily flexed in either direction. A further advantage is that the hooks 59 of the band 60 may be detachably engaged with'the strip in the. openings 57, 58. i

In Fig. 15 is shown a. modification of the invention wherebythe principle hereinbefore described may be utilized ina somewhat different manner. {A fastener 61' is connected to the. eye shield 62 so as tomount the same either on a hat-brim, or directly on the head 63 of the wearer by meansof a flexible band or other related fastening. For example, the fastener 61 may beof U form,secured to the eye shield by an" integral strip such,

as 52 or directly at the crotch thereof by a pin or rivet 64. The free ends ofthe fastener may be flattened or formed with a large curvature for adequate bearing on the fore head as shown at 65.v Thus each fastener bears on the forehead at a plurality of spaced regions aflording comfort and stability in the mounting. Reversal of the device is, of course, unnecessary in this form of the inven tion.

I claim:

1. A. reversible anti-glare device including a' flexible shield having light resisting char acteristics, fastening means for detachably securing the shield to the brim of a hat, said fastening means projecting on the front side of; the shield when so secured, and fastening means for securing the shield in reversed position to'thehead of'a wearer with thefirst mentioned fastening, means spacing the shield a distance in front of the wearersface.

2. A reversible anti-glare deviceincluding a flexible shield, means mounted on the shield including fastening elements for detachably securing the shield to thebrim of a hat,.with the device adaptedfto be disposed in curved form along the. brim, the device being reversiblyl flexibleinto curved form tofollow along the foreheadi of a wearer, said elements protoo "its

3. A reversible anti-glare device including i a flexible shield, means mounted on the shield including fastening elements for detachably securing the shield to thebrim of a hat, with 'the device adapted to be disposed in curved form along the brim, the devicebeing reversibly flexible into curved form to follow along the forehead of a wearer, said means projecting laterally from the shield to space the latter a distance in front of the wearers face, and other-fastening means for securing the shield to the head of the wearer in the reversed spaced position, the last mentioned fastening means having detachable connection with relation to the shield independently of the fastening elements.

4:. A reversible anti-glare device including aflexible' shield having light resisting characteristics, fastening means for detachably securing the shield to the brim of a hat, said fastening means projecting on the front side of the shield when so secured, and fastening means for securing the shield in reversed position to the head of a wearer with the first mentioned fastening means spacing the shield a distance in front of the wearers face, said fastening means forming an acute angle with V the rear side of the shield in the last mentioned position, whereby the shield extends from the wearers face in a frontward and downward direction.

5. A device including 'a shield of translucent flexible sheet material, a strip member of flexible sheet material connected to the upper edge of the shield, said strip member having integral U shaped clamps spaced therealong, said clamps having their closed 'ends projecting to one side of said shield and being substantially wholly disposed on said side, said clamps being detachably'engageable with the brim of a hat, with the shield and strip member adapted to be curved to conform to the hat brim, said shield and strip member being reversely folda-ble to lie along the forehead of the wearer, with the closed ends of the clamps contacting the forehead and the clamps spacing the shield in front of the wearers eyes, and fastening means for removablysecuring the device to the head of the wearer, said fastening means including fastening portions at the ends of the strip member, and a flexible tape member connected to said fastening portions and extendingaround the wearers head.

6. A device including an eye shield, and means for mounting the same, said means including U shaped clips extending laterally from the eye shield, said clips having uni-.

form bearing portions, said clips being adapted for interchangeable engagement with a hat brim and for abutment on the wearers forehead by means of said bearing portions, the mounting means including a member for engaging around the wearers head to support the eye shield in the forehead abutting Y relation of the clips.

'7. A device including an eye shield, a strip of material secured to and extending therealong, said strip having aplurality of integral resilient U clips extending laterally therefrom for releasably engaging a hat brim, said clips having bearing portions, for abutting the wearers forehead, and a flexible element detachably connected with the ends of the strip for engaging the wearers head and mounting the eye shield in the abutting position of the clips, independently of the hat brim.

I 8. A device including a flexible eye shield, mounting means therefor including a flexible metal strip member extending along an edge of the eye shield, said strip member having tongues struck therefrom and interengaged with the eye shield for connecting the strip member thereto, the mounting means includa flexible tension element for engaging around the wearers' head, and portions connecting the tension element with the openings in the strip member formed by strikingthe tongues. V V y r 9. A device including a flexible eye shield, mounting means therefor including a flexible metal strip member extending along an edge of the eye shield, said strip member having tongues struck therefrom and interengaged with the eye shield for connecting the strip member thereto, the mounting means including engaging members connected with the strip'niember for interchangeably engaging a hat brim and the 'wearers forehead to retain the eye shield in spaced relation in front of the eyes, the mounting means including a flexible tension element for engaging around the wearers head, and portions detachably connecting the tension element with the openings in the strip member formed by striking the tongues. i

In testimony whereof I aflix mysignature.

HORATIO D. NELSON.

US1857284A 1931-05-13 1931-05-13 Antiglare shield Expired - Lifetime US1857284A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2519959A (en) * 1949-04-13 1950-08-22 Theodore R Fisher Clip-on eyeshield
US2834017A (en) * 1955-03-28 1958-05-13 Electric Storage Battery Co Detachable shield for safety hats
US4063740A (en) * 1976-12-17 1977-12-20 Mader Robert J Cap attachment device for golf training
US5121507A (en) * 1990-10-10 1992-06-16 Brown Ronald R Headwear accessory attachment
US6237147B1 (en) * 2000-08-15 2001-05-29 Robert Brockman Lateral sun shields conformed for selective attachment to a baseball cap visor or brim
US6584614B2 (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-07-01 John J. Hogg Face protector
US7918744B1 (en) * 2009-08-04 2011-04-05 Chol Kwi Rim Removable golf-ball aligning device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2519959A (en) * 1949-04-13 1950-08-22 Theodore R Fisher Clip-on eyeshield
US2834017A (en) * 1955-03-28 1958-05-13 Electric Storage Battery Co Detachable shield for safety hats
US4063740A (en) * 1976-12-17 1977-12-20 Mader Robert J Cap attachment device for golf training
US5121507A (en) * 1990-10-10 1992-06-16 Brown Ronald R Headwear accessory attachment
US6237147B1 (en) * 2000-08-15 2001-05-29 Robert Brockman Lateral sun shields conformed for selective attachment to a baseball cap visor or brim
US6584614B2 (en) * 2001-10-18 2003-07-01 John J. Hogg Face protector
US7918744B1 (en) * 2009-08-04 2011-04-05 Chol Kwi Rim Removable golf-ball aligning device

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