US1838105A - Superheater or the like - Google Patents

Superheater or the like Download PDF

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Publication number
US1838105A
US1838105A US711753A US71175324A US1838105A US 1838105 A US1838105 A US 1838105A US 711753 A US711753 A US 711753A US 71175324 A US71175324 A US 71175324A US 1838105 A US1838105 A US 1838105A
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United States
Prior art keywords
superheater
tube
tubes
fins
murray
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Expired - Lifetime
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US711753A
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Murray Joseph Bradley
Jr Thomas E Murray
John F Murray
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METROPOLITAN ENG CO
METROPOLITAN ENGINEERING Co
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METROPOLITAN ENG CO
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Priority to US711753A priority Critical patent/US1838105A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22GSUPERHEATING OF STEAM
    • F22G7/00Steam superheaters characterised by location, arrangement, or disposition
    • F22G7/06Steam superheaters characterised by location, arrangement, or disposition in furnace tubes
    • F22G7/065Steam superheaters characterised by location, arrangement, or disposition in furnace tubes for locomotive boilers

Description

Dec. 29, 1931.

V T. E. MURRAY SUPERHEATEROR THE LIKE Filed May 8, 192 4 5 Sheets-Sheet 1N VENTOR fi m/7705: Mil fay A TTO/(NEY Dec. 29, R9311. T. E. MURRAY SUPERHEATER OR THE LIKE Filed y 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet Dec. 29, 1931. T E, M RR Y 1,838,105

SUPERHEATER OR THE LIKE Filed May 8, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Dec. 29, 1931 NETED vs'rzyrss PATENT OFFICE S THOMAS E. MURRAY, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK; JOSEPH BRADLEY MURRAY, THOMAS E. MURRAY, JR, AND JOHN F. MURRAY, EK-ECUTORS OF SAID THOMAS E. MURRAY, DECEASED, ASSIGNORS TQ METROPOLITAN ENGINEERING COMPANY, A CORPORA- TION OI NEW YORK SUPERHEATER OR THE LIKE Application filed m5 8, 1924. Serial No. 711,753.

In certain previous applications (Serial No. 642,7 25, filed June 1, 1923 and Serial No. 678,443, filed December 4, 1923) for patent, I have described the use for boilers and 811111131 apparatus of tubes with fins or longitudlnal flanges and have described numerous ways in which such fins could be applied to the tubes.

In the present invention tubes of this character are employed in a special arrangement which is particularly adapted to the superheating of steam, and is also adapted to heating fluids generally. The accompanymg drawings illustrate more or less diagrammatically an embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of part of a superheater with the outer shell in section;'

Fig. 2is a cross-section of the same;

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through part of a locomotive boiler illustrating an application of the invention to a locomotive superheater 7 Fig.4 is a perspective sectional view of a detail of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a similar view illustrating a modification Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section illustrating another modification;

Fig. 7 is a cross-section of Fig. 6 on the line 77.

Fig. 8 is a similar cross-section illustrating a modification in the shape of the fins.-

Referring to the embodiment of the invention illustrated in Fig. 1, the heating gases pass through a tubular shelll which may be of sheet metal. The steam passes through a tube 2 which is arranged in two or more parallel lengths connected at one end by a bend 3 so that the steam passes through the complete tube from one end to the other.

The straight portions of'the tube are provided with longitudinal flanges 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8: on the outside which are'welded at their inner edges to the tube as at 9. 'The flanges may be constructed and fastened to the tubes in various other ways.

For greater efliciency', I propose to make flanges of different widths and of such sizes asto occu y as much of the space within the shell 1 as is possible without interfering with each other or to greatly diminishthe area i slightly modified form, applied to a locomotive boiler. In the upper part of the boiler shell 10 there is a drum 11 in which is located-the inlet end of the pipe 12 which passes through a head 13 to a steam chest .14. The

usual connections are arranged in this chest so that the steam passes out to superheater tubes 15 and back by. superheater tubes 16 to the chest and thence out through a pipe 17 to the engine. The heating gases pass through the usual boiler tubes 18 which are surrounded by water, these pipes having open ends mounted in the heads 13 and 19. The

superheater tubes are located in the main fire tubes 18. Various arrangements may be employed, such as that shown in Fig. 1 for example. In Fig. 3 I have shown the admis- Instead of using two separate tubes 15 and 16 coupled together as in Fig. 4, a single tube may be used as in Fig. 5 formed in two lengths 22 continuously connected by a bend 23 and formed with flanges 24 which also extend continuously around the bend.

Fig. 6 illustrates'a form of the invention in which one of the tubes 25 of the superheater is a plain-tube located within the other 26, the latter being provided with fins 27 and fitting within the boiler tube 18. The outer tube 26 of the superheater has itsfree end closed, and the inner tube 25 has its free end open. Either of these tubes may be the inlet branch and the other the outlet branch of the superheater. Assuming that the steam enters through the tube 25 it will pass out of the end of the latter into the free end of the surrounding tube 26 and back by way of the annular space between the tube and the pipe 28 which conducts steam to the entrance.

The area of the several fins should bear a determined relation to the area (or diameter) of the pipe and to the amount of work that the element is designed to do, that is,

the quantity of heat which it is to receive and conduct to the steam. The area of the fins should be at least equal to that of the pipe. For example, a two inch pipe will have a circumference of a little over six inches. On such a pipe if there are two fins each should be one and one-half inches wide so that, assuming both faces of the fins exposed, the total area of the fins would be about the same as that of the tube.

For certainty in conducting the heat to the tube, the joint should be fully equal to the thickness of the fin. To make sure that this is so, it-is preferable to have the joint actually wider than the average thickness of I the fin. This may be accomplished as shown in Fig. 8 by using fins 29 which are tapered in thickness. Thus, in spite of any accidental imperfections in the welding, there will be a sufiicient area of continuous metallic connection to equal the average thickness of the fin. Or the connection might be made in various other Ways.

At the points Where the superheater passes out of one boiler tube and into the next, it

'is exposed to a considerable extent to the direct radiant heat from the fire bed, and is generally subjected to a more intense heat than in the lengths which are enclosed within the boiler tubes. For the exposed bends, therefore, it is advisable to use a metal with a greater resistance to oxidation in high temperature, or to coat the tube with one of many coatings which are known to resist rusting crease the heating surface, said'flanges being of varying widths and some at least of them extending substantially to the outer shell, said outer shell confining the gases to intimate contact with said flanges.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto signed my name. 1

THOMAS E. MURRAY.

US711753A 1924-05-08 1924-05-08 Superheater or the like Expired - Lifetime US1838105A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2452391A (en) * 1946-01-18 1948-10-26 Nat Radiator Company Heat exchanger
US2892451A (en) * 1954-12-02 1959-06-30 Brown Fintube Co Boiler
US2986509A (en) * 1957-04-25 1961-05-30 Jr James G Duffy Fuel element for a nuclear reactor
US3030293A (en) * 1956-11-23 1962-04-17 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Nuclear reactor fuel elements
US3116213A (en) * 1957-05-21 1963-12-31 Parsons C A & Co Ltd Heat exchange elements suitable for use as fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US3216904A (en) * 1960-06-27 1965-11-09 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US4305910A (en) * 1979-02-28 1981-12-15 Mitsui Engineering And Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. Catalytic reaction for reduction of nitrogen oxide
US20060231242A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-10-19 Jerzy Hawranek Axial heat exchanger
US20090277969A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2009-11-12 Briselden Thomas D Radiant Heat Transfer System
US20170030652A1 (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-02 Senior Uk Limited Finned coaxial cooler

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2452391A (en) * 1946-01-18 1948-10-26 Nat Radiator Company Heat exchanger
US2892451A (en) * 1954-12-02 1959-06-30 Brown Fintube Co Boiler
US3030293A (en) * 1956-11-23 1962-04-17 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Nuclear reactor fuel elements
US2986509A (en) * 1957-04-25 1961-05-30 Jr James G Duffy Fuel element for a nuclear reactor
US3116213A (en) * 1957-05-21 1963-12-31 Parsons C A & Co Ltd Heat exchange elements suitable for use as fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US3216904A (en) * 1960-06-27 1965-11-09 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Fuel elements for nuclear reactors
US4305910A (en) * 1979-02-28 1981-12-15 Mitsui Engineering And Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. Catalytic reaction for reduction of nitrogen oxide
US20060231242A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-10-19 Jerzy Hawranek Axial heat exchanger
US7438122B2 (en) * 2005-04-15 2008-10-21 Jerzy Hawranek Axial heat exchanger
AU2006234792B2 (en) * 2005-04-15 2011-06-23 Rehact Ab Axial heat exchanger
US20090277969A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2009-11-12 Briselden Thomas D Radiant Heat Transfer System
US20170030652A1 (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-02 Senior Uk Limited Finned coaxial cooler

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