US1833862A - Magazine for machine pistols - Google Patents

Magazine for machine pistols Download PDF

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Publication number
US1833862A
US1833862A US51851231A US1833862A US 1833862 A US1833862 A US 1833862A US 51851231 A US51851231 A US 51851231A US 1833862 A US1833862 A US 1833862A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
magazine
follower
cartridges
tube
shanks
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Schmeisser Hugo
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Schmeisser Hugo
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/61Magazines
    • F41A9/64Magazines for unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/65Box magazines having a cartridge follower
    • F41A9/69Box magazines having a cartridge follower characterised by multiple-row or zigzag arrangement of cartridges

Description

Nov. 24, 1931i.. usci-:MESSER MAGAZINE FOR MACHINE PISTOLS 4 Sheets-Sheet. l

Filed Feb. 26, 1931 m/enfor H SCHMElSSER MAGAZINE FOR MACHINE PIsToLs Filed Feb. 26, l93l Nov. 24, 1931.

Nov. 24, 1931.' H. scHMElssl-:R

MAGAZINE FOR MACHINE PISTOLS Filed Feb. 26, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 f Amme] Nov. 24, 1931. H. scHMl-:lssER MAGAZINE FOR MACHINE PISTOLS Filed Feb. 26,'1931 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Alg/wey Patented Nov. 24, 1931 1,833,862

airs; stares raars riuso sonmmssna, or swan-GERMANY j ifrAcfAzIivnr non MACHINE rersroiis Appncamn ined February ze, 1931, serial No. 518,512, and' in ermaniyretruaryer, '1920;

YMy invention relates to detachable inagof limited dimensionsy only in order to" not azines vfor machine pistols and more particexcessively reduce and weakenthe wall thereularly to an improved construction of the of. Moreover', another advantage ofV my imlmagazine body and the plunger-like follower proved magazine resides in the fact that the adapted to be actuated bythe usual Vfeeding reinforcing member ory cov'ering affords the 55 spring and upon which the cartridges rest. l iossibility of simplifying the 'construction According to the present invention the inand manufacture ofa magazine of llarge'c'award bent upper edges or discharging lips pacity adapted to receivel a' plurality Vof stagconstituting the openlng'of the magazine for gered rows of superposed cartridges. At-any i0 the egress and delivery of the cartridges into rate the reinforcement of the discharging 60 the chamber in the breech are reinforced by lips of the'magazine tube together with the an U-shaped member or similar formation simultaneous improvement vresiding inthe mounted to laterally embrace the upper end continuously smooth faces of the magazine of the magazine body and provided with a tube devoid of interruptions is the principal '15 recess or the like for securing purposes and object `feature and advantage of the presentv 65 with lateral projections or noses forming invention. y i abutments for limiting the insertion of the In some cases I' ind'it of particularyadvmagazine body into the' holder, while thek vantage to construct and arrange' the rewall of the tubular magazine bodyritself is inforcing member or covering in a manner 20" entirely devoid of recesses, projections or that the same will immediately form 'one of 70 the like sothat, on the one hand, the dischargthe four wall surfacesv of the'magazinetuble.

ing lips or ornice of the magazine will be To'thisend the two lateral flangesor Shanks snugly enclosed for protecting and stabiliz- `of vthe twice bentv covering'are mounted to'Y ing purposes, and," on the other hand, the overlie and embrace the two flanges or sh'anks '25 cartridges will yreadily move in, the continof the similarlyU-shaped magazine tube' and1175 uously smooth faced tubular magazine and the cooperating flanges areii'rmly united by into the barrel, due to the action of theffolsoldering or in any other suitable way. `Obvilower spring, without meeting any obstruc- I ously the manufacture ofV a magazine of the Y tions or impediments. described type will be greatly simplified and 30 The magazine body, properly speaking, a marked reduction of cost `will be attained 80` thus is shaped to form a tube of-preferably thereby. D quadrangular cross-section whereof the wall In magazines' of large capacity wherein is4 of uniformthickness and smooth-faced the cartridges'i'are superposed to form two throughout its length, the required projecparallel vertical rows in staggered relation- 35 tions, recesses or the like for the magazine ship and the uppermost cartridge only isv85 holder to cooperate therewith being provided pushed out at a time by the spring controlled on or in the said reinforcing member instead follower, it sometimes happens that, at the of in the magazine tube itself, as in the prior pushing o ut operation, the upper-most carart, so that the same may be given a greater tridge engages into the circumferential bot-` '40 width or provided with larger cooperating tom groove of the shell lof the neXt lower car-90 faces and a more reliable seat or cooperation tridge and causes the latter to be at'the same wiil be secured and loosening of the magazine time displaced towards the front side, thereby be' prevented thereby even in the event of entailing the danger of loading stoppage. most heavy shockswhich firearms of this type Another object ofthe present invention is 45 are liable to encounter, as contrasted with to remedy this defect. `With Athis purpose in the magazines hitherto constructed and deview I provide inthe magazine tube a means vised wherein shoulders, abutments or simfor causing the uppermost cartridges of the ilar projection for cooperation with the magtwo vertical rows to'occupyjI an `inclined posi-- azine holder are provided immediately in tion withl relation tof the cartridges there- 59 or on the magazine 1body and, therefore, are below so that the two uppermost' cartridges 100 will revolve crosswise in their upwards movement. The means employed to this end preferably consists of two pairs of longitudinal ribs of gradually increasing' or taper ing cross-section, provided on the two opposite side walls of the top end of the magazine tube, the upper ends of the ribs being wider and projecting farther into theroom of the magazine tube than the lower ends thereof due to the tapering shape of the ribs. Further the front ribs of the .two pairs, that is to say, the two opposite ribs nearest the barrel end of the firearm, are shaped to project to a farther extent into the room of the magazine tube, in accordance with 'a pre-` determined ratio, than the rear ribs of the two pairs.

A still further object of the present invent-ion resides in an improved construction of the follower employed in connection with the improved magazine. In the rearms as hitherto constructed orV designed a particu lar element or member is employed for stopping the follower or limiting the number of cartridges to be insert-ed into the magazine. According Vto the present invention the follower is provided with downwards Vextending shanks adapted to guide both itself and the controlling spring and to act at the same time as a stoppin@ means for automatically limiting the numtber of cartridges to be inserted into the magazine, or in other words, to just strike on the fixed bottom of the magazine tube when in the loading operation the predetermined number of cartridges has been inserted into the magazine. In this way I K combine and realize in a very simple, efficient and inexpensive manner the two advantages of automatically limiting the predetermined load and reliably guiding both the follower and the controlling spring during the up and down movement thereof incident to the loading and discharging proceedings. Y

Y To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the invention then consists of the means hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims. The annexed drawing and the following desci'iptionset forth in detail certain mechanism embodying the invention, suchy disclosed means constituting, however, but one of various mechanical f orins in which the principles of the invention may be used.

In said annexed drawings: Figure 1 shows the magazine in side view with the Vlower end broken away and with the magazine holder indicated by broken or dot-aiid-dash lines; Figure 2 is a view iii vertical Asection on the lineV II-II of Figure 1; Figure 3 is a fragmentary side view of a modified forni of the magazine with the holder engaging the rear side of the magazine; Figure Vt is a view in horizontal section taken on the line IV--IV of Figure 3; Figure 5 is a fragmentary view of a further modification of the magazine with the reinforcing inember firmly attached thereto to form the rear wall thereof; Figure 6 is a sectional view of the upper part of the modification shown in Fig. 5; Figure 7 is a similar section of the lower part thereof, while Figure 8 is a like section of a modified construction of the reinforcing member interconnected with the magazineg'Figure 9 is a view in vertical section of a further modification of the niagaziiie, partly broken off and with the holder or casing carrying the magazine, and the cartridges shown in broken and dot-anddash lines;'Figure 10 isv aV view in section Ytaken on the line X-X of Figure 9g`Figure ll is a ,view in longitudinal vertical section of the upper end of the magazine shown in Figure 9 with a few cartridges therein and -with'the follower removed; Figure 12 is a view in top plan of the parts illustrated in Figure 10; Figure 13 and Figure 14 are Afront and side elevations, respectively, of `the follower constructed according to the present invention; and Figures 15 and 16 are corresjionding sectional views of the follow- -ei inserted in the bottom end of the maga- :zine

Referringrto the embodiment of the invention shown in Figures liand 2 the U- shaped reinforcing member 2 is firmly united with the upper end of the magazine body l by soldering or in any other suitable way. ,The length of the member 2 corresponds to the length of the holding sleeve taken from the top forming the discharging orifice down to the projections or noses 3 formed in the members 2to act as an abutment oi' stop for the lower end of the holding sleeve so that the latter will rest thereon when the magazine is fully pushed home, as shown in F ig ure 1. One wing or shank of the U-sliaped Amember 2 is provided with a comparatively wide recess or aperture- 4 for the magazine .holder to engage therein while at the same vtime the two noses 3 act to limit the insertion of the magazine into the holder. In the modification shown in Figures 3 and 4 wherei'in the holder engages the rear hind edge of the magazine, the rear wall of the magazine `tube is shaped to form a longitudinal smooth V channclled rib or shoulder for the bottom ond of the cartridge shell to freely and smoothly Yslide thereon. Also in this modification the cartridges thus are prevented from coming in contact with the magazine holder when4 they are pushed upwards in the magazine by the spring controlled follower, although the holder engages into recesses provided in the oneY rear corner cf both the reinforcing member 2 and the magazine tube.

' It will be seen that in both embodiments shown in Figures 1 to 4 wide engaging surfaces may be offered to the magazine holder so that even in case of abnormally long and heavy magazines made of thin metallic sheets modification the overlapping 4magazine holder vto the full `length. of

such magazines are safely prevented from other lshocks a firearm is liable to It will further be seen-that the engages the i reinforcing member or covering and not the magazine body itself, so that all disturbing lateral cavities, recesses or grooves are entirely dispensed within the magazine body andthe latter constitudes a smooth faced channel throughout'fromfend to end wherein the be exposed.

cartridges can freely move towards the .dis-

charging'opening or lips without Vstriking on i any impediments or obstacles' during' the upward Vmovement,iwith the resultfthat jam-V ming and loading stoppage .will be entirely avoided thereby." l i ln the modifications illustrated in Figures 5 to 8 the' U-shaped reinforcing member or covering 5'likewise serves the purpose of bracing the lips of the magazine body' 1 vand is 'also-equipped with laterally project` ing noses or lugsv for the holder-,to abut'thereagainst. In these embodiments,however,the

' lU-shapedgmember orcoverin'g 5 is elongated the magazine body 1.

' edges 'of the bottoms orrims of the cartridge shells from v'contacting 'with each other so Y that 'when the topmost cartridge is going to be which is, in-cro'ss-sectional regards, likewise of U-shape so asto possesstwo lateral' flanges orr slia'nks leaving one-end vside open and Aadapted to be embraced by the-flangesor shanks of the reinforcing covering 5, sothat avhen the partsare correctly united, as shown,

the covering 5 will form the rear end wall of the magazine.

The elongated orlower end of the lreinforcing covering possesses two lateral anges of less width than that of the flanges of the upper part of the covering provided with the projecting noses or lugs7 as will be clearly seen on inspection of Figures 6 and 7.

flanges of the covering 5 and the maga-zine body 1 are firmly united by soldering throughout the whole length thereof. In trated in Figure 8, the lower or elongated part of the reinforcing covering 5 are bent are bent twice outwardly so that, when the parts are assembled, the retroverted flanges thereof will engage in and be firmly connectbv the spring controlled follower 11, as usy ually, but the uppermost cartridges of the two rows are automatically and gradually displaced to occupy a, so to say, one row position with the topmost cartridge in charging orifice formed by the two rein- 'are sha-pedi magazine ,tube In this verably l make the of" she'etmetal spo-that the bridge andthe the modification illus-.v however, the flanges of" twice inwardly and the cooperating flanges of the magazine body its .movements in both the disy forced flips, whence the topmost cartridgeV will -be'discharged, upon firing of a shot, so as to 'occupy a-'position in alinement with the bore of the barrel prior to the advance of the'cartridge into the barrel. In the embodiment illustratedin Figures-9l to 12 the magazine tube 7 is providedwitlia pair of Ling form gradually decreasing, as regards width andheight,from the top towards'the bottom 'of the magazine, the two rear ribs S,see'--FigureV 10, being of somewhat less "height than the y "forithe, purpose of gradually displacing the uppermosty 'cartridges' two opposite front ribs 10,

automatically from a 'verticalv inclined position into `aliorizontal slantiiigposition, as'will be readily under'- st'ood upon comparative vinspection of Figures 10 and 11. The slanting'orcrossing position .of the three' or yfour uppermostcartr'idges forming wliat'may be said a single a verticali row only, prevents the marginal pushed out of the orifice of the magazine, noV

' obstruction can take place and, therefore, Ano 'loadingstoppage will occur.

j'As 'shown in Figures 13 to 16 the follower consists of Yafsubstantially U-shaped member 12 whereof the interconnecting median portion or bridge constitutes the follower prop- 'erly Aspeaking and the two shanks'l and 14 to conform to the shape of the i and tobe adapted to embrace and guide the spring of the follower. ,Preffollower of aV single piece Shanks thereof are integrally connected with each other and of required rigidity. .In order toi increase the rigidity and stability of the bridge portion the latter may be corrugated lengthwise', as shown in Figure 16.`

In the operation of loading the magazine by inserting cartridges therein, the shanks of the follower strike the bottom 17 of the magazine just when the last one of the predetermined number of cartridges has been inserted so that further cartridges cannot be iilled in. The follower thus determines and limits the load and the two Shanks 13 and 14 thereof act atthe same time to both the' controlling spring during expanproperly guide sion-or compression and the follower itself in directions.

I have herein described and shown several practical constructions of f my present improvements, but -it will be apparent that the "magazine and its constituent'parts are susceptible of embodiment in variousother;al-A ternativeforms, and I, therefore, reserve the CTI privilege of resorting to. all such legitimate for the purpose set forth. Y Y

2. A magazine vfor machine: pistols and similar firearms, of the character set forth,

comprising ak magazine tube with vconverging flips forming the orifice thereof, a reinforc- Ai a 1 of the said lips, a recess in the one shank intering U-shape'd covering embracingwith its Shanks the upper part of said tube inclusive mediate between its two ends, and a nose orV lug irojecting outwards from either shank, for the purpose set forth. y 1 3. A magazine for machine pistols and similarl firearms, of the character set forth, comprising'a magazine body of U-shaped crosssection with converging lips forming the orifice` thereof, a reinforcing U-shaped channel Y member embracing with its two Shanks the free ends of the shanlrs of the said LU-shaped magazine body to forml a" tubular body, a re- Cess in the U-shaped channel'member, anda nose or lug lprojecting outwards from either shank of the latter, substantially as and for the purpose Set forth. Y

4f. A magazine forY machine pistols and similar firearms, of the character set forth I and as claimed in any of the preceding claims, whereinv the reinforcing member Vor covering is firmly united with the magazine tube or body by Soldering or welding.A

5. A magazine vfor machine pistols and similar firearms, of the character set forth and claimed in claim 3, wherein the upper part of the Shanks of the reinforcing member is firmly unitedwith the Shanks of the magazine body by soldering or welding and the lower part' of both the Shanks of the reinforcing member and the Shanks of the magazine body have twice bent and retroverted edges engaging with each other for the connecting purpose.

6. A magazine for machine pistols and similar firearms, of the type set forth, comprising la magazine tube with converging lips forming the orifice thereof, a reinforcing covering partially Vembracing the upper part of said tube inclusive of 'said lips, longitudinal tapering guiding ribs on the inner surfaces of the side walls of the upper part of the said magazine tube, a recess in said covering, and noses or lugs projecting outwardly from the latter, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

7. A magazine forrmachine pistols and Y forming the orifice thereof, a Ushaped reinforcingrcovering embracing with its Shanks the upper part of said tube, a -recess in said covering, noses or lugs projecting outwardly from the latter, a spring controlled follower, and Shanks connected with the follower and adapted to limit the downward movement of the latter in the said magazine tube, substantiallyras andfor the purpose set forth.

9. A magazine for machine pistols and similar firearms, of the character referred to, as

claimed in claim 8,-wherein the follower consists of a'single piece of sheet metal shaped to form the follower, properly speaking, in-

tegral with its Shanks. Y

10. A magazine for machine pistols and Asimilar firearms, of the character referred to,

as claimed in claim'8,'wherein the part interconnecting the two Shanks, that is the follower properly speaking, is provided with longitudinal corrugations for reinforcing purposes.y

In testimony whereof, I allix my signature.

HUGO SCHMEISSER.

US1833862A 1930-02-27 1931-02-26 Magazine for machine pistols Expired - Lifetime US1833862A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448081A (en) * 1944-07-20 1948-08-31 Woodville B Conway Automatic ammunition feed for firearms
US2655754A (en) * 1948-05-14 1953-10-20 Brush Clyde Edward Box magazine for firearms
US3399480A (en) * 1966-08-24 1968-09-03 Harrington & Richardson Inc Plastic magazine for cartridges for firearms
FR2523292A1 (en) * 1982-03-09 1983-09-16 Presne Strojirenstvi Np Store two rows having a mouth with a single row in particular automatic pistols
US4672760A (en) * 1985-12-04 1987-06-16 Ram-Line, Inc. Side-by-side cartridge magazine for rim-fire cartridges
US4790094A (en) * 1985-12-04 1988-12-13 Pam-Line, Inc. Side-by-side cartridge magazine for rim-fire cartridges
US4876813A (en) * 1988-12-07 1989-10-31 Itm Industrial Technology & Machines Ag Magazine for firearms
US4888899A (en) * 1987-04-03 1989-12-26 Ram-Line, Inc. Magazine for housing cartridges using a spirally wound conforce spring
US5099595A (en) * 1990-06-05 1992-03-31 Ram-Line, Inc. Magazine for a firearm
US5461811A (en) * 1994-10-24 1995-10-31 Ciener; Jonathan A. Gun magazine apparatus and method
US5568696A (en) * 1994-09-09 1996-10-29 Heckler & Koch Gmbh Reduced capacity magazine for repeater firearm
ES2173005A1 (en) * 1994-09-30 2002-10-01 Ardesa S A Pistol magazine.
US20090261119A1 (en) * 2006-10-30 2009-10-22 Dpa Innovations, Inc. Shotgun shell storing and dispensing device
US9791228B2 (en) 2015-04-01 2017-10-17 Michael L. McCormick System and method for magazine with folded feed lips

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448081A (en) * 1944-07-20 1948-08-31 Woodville B Conway Automatic ammunition feed for firearms
US2655754A (en) * 1948-05-14 1953-10-20 Brush Clyde Edward Box magazine for firearms
US3399480A (en) * 1966-08-24 1968-09-03 Harrington & Richardson Inc Plastic magazine for cartridges for firearms
FR2523292A1 (en) * 1982-03-09 1983-09-16 Presne Strojirenstvi Np Store two rows having a mouth with a single row in particular automatic pistols
US4672760A (en) * 1985-12-04 1987-06-16 Ram-Line, Inc. Side-by-side cartridge magazine for rim-fire cartridges
US4790094A (en) * 1985-12-04 1988-12-13 Pam-Line, Inc. Side-by-side cartridge magazine for rim-fire cartridges
US4888899A (en) * 1987-04-03 1989-12-26 Ram-Line, Inc. Magazine for housing cartridges using a spirally wound conforce spring
US4876813A (en) * 1988-12-07 1989-10-31 Itm Industrial Technology & Machines Ag Magazine for firearms
US5099595A (en) * 1990-06-05 1992-03-31 Ram-Line, Inc. Magazine for a firearm
US5568696A (en) * 1994-09-09 1996-10-29 Heckler & Koch Gmbh Reduced capacity magazine for repeater firearm
ES2173005A1 (en) * 1994-09-30 2002-10-01 Ardesa S A Pistol magazine.
US5461811A (en) * 1994-10-24 1995-10-31 Ciener; Jonathan A. Gun magazine apparatus and method
US20090261119A1 (en) * 2006-10-30 2009-10-22 Dpa Innovations, Inc. Shotgun shell storing and dispensing device
US7806293B2 (en) * 2006-10-30 2010-10-05 Altieri Daniel P Shotgun shell storing and dispensing device
US9791228B2 (en) 2015-04-01 2017-10-17 Michael L. McCormick System and method for magazine with folded feed lips

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