US1831800A - Door operating device - Google Patents

Door operating device Download PDF

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Publication number
US1831800A
US1831800A US448914A US44891430A US1831800A US 1831800 A US1831800 A US 1831800A US 448914 A US448914 A US 448914A US 44891430 A US44891430 A US 44891430A US 1831800 A US1831800 A US 1831800A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
roller
member
arm
operating device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US448914A
Inventor
James E Bales
Carl T Christensen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lyon Metal Products LLC
Original Assignee
Lyon Metal Products LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lyon Metal Products LLC filed Critical Lyon Metal Products LLC
Priority to US448914A priority Critical patent/US1831800A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1831800A publication Critical patent/US1831800A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1014Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in only one position, e.g. closed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1028Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open
    • E05D11/105Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis
    • E05D11/1064Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis with a coil spring perpendicular to the pivot axis
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/20Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for furnitures, e.g. cabinets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S16/00Miscellaneous hardware, e.g. bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance
    • Y10S16/07Door opening apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/56Closers
    • Y10T16/593Spring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0876Double acting
    • Y10T292/0883Swinging
    • Y10T292/0884Roller

Description

Nov. 17, 1931. .1. E. BALEs ET Al.

DOOR OPERATING DEVICE Filed 'May l. 1930 Patented Nov. 17, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I JAMES E. BALES AND CARL T. CHRISTENSEN, OF AURORA, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNORS TO LYON METAL PRODUCTS, INCORPORATED, OF AURORA, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS DOOR OPERATING DEVICE Application mea May 1,

This invention relates to a cabinet door operating device and particularly to an operating device for swinging doors.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a door operating device which will assist in opening a swinging door when it is swung a predetermined distance and which will close the door when it is moved a predetermined distance toward shut position.

Another object is to provide an improved spring controlled device for keeping a swinging cabinet door in closed position 'and which assists in opening a swinging door when it is opened a predetermined distance.

A further object is to provide a new and novel device of simple construction which will maintain a swinging door in closed position, which permits the door to be opened easily, and which assists in closing the door when it is moved toward closed position a predetermined distanceJ A still further object is to provide a cabinet door operating device for swinging doors which is efi'icient in operation and which can' be readily and economically manufactured. Numerous other objects and advantages will be apparent throughout the progress of the following specification..

The invention comprises in general a bracket member which is ada ted to be fastened to the inside of a door jamb. A member is pivotally connected to the bracket and vhas a roller mounted on its fiee or outer end. A bolt is loosely connected to the member and a flange on the bracket to permit movement of the member relative to the bracket. A spring is arranged about the bolt and confined between one face of the member and a flange on the bracket. A roller engaging member is fixed to a swinging door and acts against the tension of the spring. This door engaging member is provided with faces against which the roller engages. When one lface of the door engaging member 1s engaged with the roller, the door will be. maintained iii shut position. When the door is opened, the door engaging member. will move the member against the tension of the spring so that the door can be mopened. As soon vas a high point provided on the door yengaging 1930. Serial No. 448,914.

member passes beyond the roller, the roller will engage the other surface and tend to push the door outwardly. In closing, the roller member is firstl pushed against the ten sion of the spring until the roller rides over the high point of the door engaging member. As the roller passes over the high point of the door engaging member, it will engage the other roller contacting surface and pull the door shut.

The accompanying drawings illustrate a selected embodiment of the invention and the views therein are as follows:

Fig. l is a detail front elevation of acabinet or other structure upon which the inven tion is applied.

Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View on the line 2 2 of Fig. 3. l

Fig. 3 is a detail elevation partly in s ection showing the improved door operating device.

Referring to the drawings, 5 designates vertical uprights between which aframe 6 1s arranged. Hinges 7 are operatively connected to the frame 6 to swingingly hold doors 8 in position. The doors 8 may be p i'ovided with handles or knobs 9 for opening and closing the same. The uprights 5 and the frame 6 are referably made of sheet metal and may be astened together by means of a bracket 10 which is operatively connected to the uprights andto the frame. The bracket may be fastened tothe upright in any convenient manner such as by welding, and it may be'fastened to the frame in any convenient manner such as by employing threaded members 11, Fig. 2. The bracket has a substantially horizontal body portion 12, a rear upturned angel, and a front downturned flange 14. The downturned ange 14 engagesthe inside of the uprights and frame as clearly shown in Fig. 2.

A roller arm 15 which is preferably made of sheet metal and preferably formed channel-shaped is pivotally connected to the body 12 of the bracket as indicated at 16. The back 17 of the channel-shaped member 'is cut away at 18, Fig. 2, and the sides 19 of the channel-shaped member are extended angularly to provide a pair of spaced ends 20"be tween which a roller 21 is revolubly mounted.

A bolt 22 extends through the back 17 of the roller arm 15 and through the vertical flange 13 on the bracket 10, a nut 23 being provided on the end of the bolt to hold it in position. A spring 24.- surrounds the bolt 22 and is restricted between the back 17 of the `member 15 and the upturned flange 13 on the bracket 10. lThe roller arm 15 is, therefore, permitted to 'swing on its pivot against the tension of the spring 24, its movement being restricted by the length of the bolt 22.

A metal plate 25 is fixed to the inside of a door 8 and has its outer free end 26 bent to provide a cam member 27 having cam surfaces 28 and 29. The roller 21 is adapted to engage vthe surfaces 28 and 29 of the cam member 27. In the position shown in Fig. 2 the roller 21 is engaged with the cam surface 28 to hold the door in closed position, the roller arm being 'affected by the tension of the spring 24 thereagainst. In opening, the door is pulled b v its handle 9 until the roller 21 passes over the high point 30 of the cam member, the opening of the door compressing the spring. As the door is being opened, the roller 21 will bear against the cam surface 29 and due to the spring pressure against the roller, assists in opening the door. In closing the door, the roller 21 will be engaged with the cam surface 29. Pressure against the door causes the roller arm to move rearwardly against the tension of the spring 24 until the roller 21 passes the high point 30 of the cam member. As soon as the roller passes over the high point 30, the action of the spring against the roller arm causes the roller to be pressed aga-inst the cam surface 28 to assist in closing the door and kp it in closed position. The invention provides a simple and inexpensive device for assisting in opening and closing swinging doors and for maintaining them in closed position. The bracket arm assists in holding the frame to the upright and also provides a simple and inexpensive support for the door roller. The roller` arm is preferably made out of sheet metal which is bent to the proper form and configuration. The entire device is efficient, can be applied to existing doors and frames, and may be readily and economically manufactured. f

Changes may be made in the form, construction, and arrangement of the various parts without departing. from the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of its ad vantages, and the right is hereby reserved to make all such changes as fairly fall within the scope of the following claims.

The invention is hereby claimed as follows: 1. In combination, a plate having a turned ledge for fastening the plate to a door j amb, a channel-shaped. arm pivoted to said plate and having spaced ends, a roller pivoted to said arm and arranged between said spaced ends, a turned ledge on said plate, a bolt passing through said ledge and arm and loosely connecting said arm to said ledge, a spring about the bolt and urging the arm in a predetermined direction, a plate adapted to be applied to a door in juxtaposition to said roller and having a triangularly-shaped end for engagementwith the roller when the door is in certain positions, said rolleI` engaging one side of said end and holding the door in closed position, said roller tending to push the door open when engaging the other side of said end.

2. In combination, a horizontal plate hav ing a ledge bent therefrom for fastening the plate to a door jamb, a U-shaped arm pivoted r to said plate and having spaced ends, a roller pivoted to said arm andai-ranged between said spaced ends, a second ledge bent on said plate, a bolt passing through said arm and said second ledge and'loosely connecting the armto said ledge and limiting the movement of said arm, 'a spring about the .bolt between the ledge and the. arm and urging the arm in a predetermined direction, a plate adapted to be applied to a door in juxtaposition to said roller,y said last named plate being bent to form a triangularly-shaped member adapted to be engaged by the roller when the door is in a certain position, said roller engaging one side of said member to hold the door in closed position, said roller tending to push the door open when engaging the other side of said member.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.

JAMES E. BALES.

CARL T. CHRISTENSAEN.

US448914A 1930-05-01 1930-05-01 Door operating device Expired - Lifetime US1831800A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490060A (en) * 1946-05-21 1949-12-06 Fred M Jacobson Catch for drawers, doors, and the like
US2551004A (en) * 1947-11-06 1951-05-01 Swartwout Co Ventilator
US2557749A (en) * 1947-06-17 1951-06-19 Jamestown Steel Partitions Inc Door mount and actuator
US2587287A (en) * 1949-07-20 1952-02-26 John W Chamberlain Self-closing gate
US2611922A (en) * 1947-10-28 1952-09-30 Hotpoint Inc Self-closing cabinet hinge
US2626420A (en) * 1949-02-23 1953-01-27 Lambert Henri Jacques Marc Device for the automatic return of doors and the like pivoting members
US2700527A (en) * 1953-03-06 1955-01-25 J H Holan Corp Holddown for ladders
US3432967A (en) * 1966-08-26 1969-03-18 Eastman Kodak Co Movable cover with locking and detenting means
US3996699A (en) * 1975-07-14 1976-12-14 General Electric Company Refrigerator door closure apparatus
US4474348A (en) * 1982-12-21 1984-10-02 The Boeing Company Cantilever spring counterbalance hinge assembly for aircraft doors
US5522656A (en) * 1995-03-21 1996-06-04 General Electric Company Refrigerator door closure system
US20130264930A1 (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-10 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Semi-auto closing apparatus and refrigerator having the same
US10301865B2 (en) * 2014-09-05 2019-05-28 Lg Electronics Inc. Door opening and closing device for refrigerator

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490060A (en) * 1946-05-21 1949-12-06 Fred M Jacobson Catch for drawers, doors, and the like
US2557749A (en) * 1947-06-17 1951-06-19 Jamestown Steel Partitions Inc Door mount and actuator
US2611922A (en) * 1947-10-28 1952-09-30 Hotpoint Inc Self-closing cabinet hinge
US2551004A (en) * 1947-11-06 1951-05-01 Swartwout Co Ventilator
US2626420A (en) * 1949-02-23 1953-01-27 Lambert Henri Jacques Marc Device for the automatic return of doors and the like pivoting members
US2587287A (en) * 1949-07-20 1952-02-26 John W Chamberlain Self-closing gate
US2700527A (en) * 1953-03-06 1955-01-25 J H Holan Corp Holddown for ladders
US3432967A (en) * 1966-08-26 1969-03-18 Eastman Kodak Co Movable cover with locking and detenting means
US3996699A (en) * 1975-07-14 1976-12-14 General Electric Company Refrigerator door closure apparatus
US4474348A (en) * 1982-12-21 1984-10-02 The Boeing Company Cantilever spring counterbalance hinge assembly for aircraft doors
US5522656A (en) * 1995-03-21 1996-06-04 General Electric Company Refrigerator door closure system
US20130264930A1 (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-10 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Semi-auto closing apparatus and refrigerator having the same
US8944540B2 (en) * 2012-04-10 2015-02-03 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Semi-auto closing apparatus and refrigerator having the same
US10301865B2 (en) * 2014-09-05 2019-05-28 Lg Electronics Inc. Door opening and closing device for refrigerator

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