US182962A - Improvement in rivet-heading machines - Google Patents

Improvement in rivet-heading machines Download PDF


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US182962A US182962DA US182962A US 182962 A US182962 A US 182962A US 182962D A US182962D A US 182962DA US 182962 A US182962 A US 182962A
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    • B21K1/00Making machine elements
    • B21K1/44Making machine elements bolts, studs, or the like
    • B21K1/46Making machine elements bolts, studs, or the like with heads


N .182,962, Patented 0ct.3, 1876.
Jggfz l/'zese: Inra/zh.
Specication forming part of Letters Patent No. 182,962, dated October 3, 1876; application filed February 14, 1676.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HAMILTON RUDDIGK, of Waterbury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and Improved Machine for Heading Rivets; and that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, making a part of this specification.
This invention is in the nature of an improvement in machines for heading rivets; and the invention consists in a machine for heading rivets constructed with two punches capable of a reciprocating and vertical motion, but so arranged and combined that the vertical motion shall be suspended while the punches are making a horizontal thrust.
' In the accompanying sheet of drawings, Figure 1 is a plan or top view of my machine; Fig. 2, a side viewof same, partly in section; Fig. 3, a cross-section through the line x x, Fig. 2; Fig. 4, a detail view of cam in plate,
. and Fig. 5 a detailed view of cam in drivingwheel.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts in the several figures.
In machines for making rivets, particularly such as forni the head, the heading has been performed generally by one punch, which, by a series of horizontal thrusts, would upset the metal on the end of the wire from which the rivet was made, and in this way form the head; but since the motion was simply a reciprocating horizontal one, the punch would barelygive sulicient time to adj ust the wire, unless its inotion was too slow to be profitable. Besides, in forming the head on a rivet with the aid of but a single punch, it is difficult to form the head true and perfect, because the thrusts of a single punch must of necessity be of the same stroke or throw at the beginning of the heading operation as at the end, the result of which is that the metal is apt to be upset more on one side than the other, and an imperfect head in this way formed.
By my invention these difficulties are obviated, and a greater degree of certainty is had in forming up the rivet-head, besides facilitating the operation, and at the same time admitting of sufficient opportunity to adjust the wire and remove the rivet, as will be seen from the following description.
A represents the supporting base or frame, and B the driving-shaft, properly supported, and secured in bearings a. This shaft is constructed with double cranks b, or it may have any similar mechanical device for changing a revolving to a reciprocating motion and also secured to the shaft B is an eccentric, D, and a driving-wheel, E, having formed on its inner surface or face a cam,'d. Suitably attached to the cranks b, and extending downward, is a connecting-link, C. Within the frame A, and to its rear inner face, is secured a link, F, which link is attached to a second link, G, by a knuckle-joint, c, to which knuckle-joint is atxed oneI end of the connecting-link C. The other end of the link Gr is attached to the rear end of a sliding block, H. This sliding block rests in guidesf. To the front end of this block H is secured a block, g, with a slideway, h, formed in its face, and into this slideway is fitted a plate, I, to the face of which is affixed a block, i, and to this last-named block are attached two punches, jiji, one of said punches being slightly longer than the other.
Secured to the upper side of the frame A, supported by a suitable bracket, 7c, is a slideway, l, into which is fitted a sliding plate, J, and to the lower end of this sliding plate is afixed, at right angles to it, a slide, K, into which is iitted a sliding plate, L, which last-named plate is secured to the head ofthe sliding plate I. Passing into a suitable slot,
m, formed in the bracket It, is a plate, n, into which is made an irregular slot, o, making a cam. To the rear ot' the sliding plate J is fastened a pin, p, which enters into the irregular slot or cam o. Suit-ably fastened to the plate n is an eccentric rod, r, through which the plate n is operated by means of the eccentric D. To the outer side of the frame A is attached a lever, s, one end of which is provided with a pin, t, and the other end of which is secured to one end of a connecting rod or arm, u. The other end of this arm extends and is attached to an arm or lever, c, which revolves on a shaft, M. Onto this shaft, and adjoining the arm or lever o, is a ratchetwheel, fw, and a friction-wheel, y, and a feedwheel, ai, and immediately below this firstmentioned shaft M is a second shaft, with corresponding friction-wheel and feed-wheel. To the upper end of the arm or lever v is secured a pawl, b2, and spring c2. Partially snrrounding the ratchetwheel w is a guardplate, d2, with a curved slot, e2, through which pass one or more set-screws, f2.
My machine for heading rivets being constructed substantially as above described, its operation is as follows: Motion being applied in any suitable manner to the shaft B, it is caused to revolve, and motion thereby imparted to the links F and G through the connecting-link C, and, as these links are alternately drawn up and forced down by the action of the cranks b, a reciprocating motion is imparted to the block H,which is thereby caused to slide or reciprocate within or on the guides f, alternately thrusting and withdrawing the punches jij in a horizontal position, so that, as the wire to form the rivet is fed by the action of the feed-wheels or rollers a through the frame A and into contact with these punches, the head is formed; but, since two. punches are employed, one of which being slightly longer than the other, as before stated, it is necessary that these punches be brought alternately in contact with the end of the wire to form the head of the rivet, the shorter punch making the first blow or impression, and the longer punch the last or finishing blow.
It is necessary that the punches have a second motion imparted to them-such as a vertical motion-which will alternately bring the punches in position, and, since it 1s important that the horizontal thrusts or blows of the punches should be straight and direct, in order to form the perfect rivet-head, the vertical motion must not influence the directness of the thrust. To accomplish this, as the punches are thrust forward by the action ot' the sliding block El, just as the sliding block begins to advance, the irregular slot or cam o in the plate n, operated by the eccentric D, acts upon the pin p on the sliding plate J, causing the slide J to descend, and, by so doing, forcing downward the plate I, bringing the uppermost punch jl in position to deliver a blow to form the rivet-head, and, as the slide H is drawn back through like action of the pin, cam, and slide, the lower punch is brought in position to deliver a blow, and so on, alternately, first one punch and then the other is brought in position; and, to avoid influencing the direct thrust of the punches, as would be the case if' the vertical motion and horizontal motion were simultaneous, the slot or cam o in the plate n is arranged so as not to influence the vertical movement at the time the punches deliver their blows, and for a short time before and after the blows are delivered. This not only enables the punches to deliver square horizontal blows, but also gives sufficient time for adjustment ot' the wire, and removal of the rivet after the head is formed.
That no obstacle may be permitted to interfere with the horizontal thrust ot' the punches, the connection between the plate I bearing the punches and the slide Jis made by the slide K, secured at right angles to the lower part of the slide J, and the sliding plate L working therein and secured to the head of the plate I, so that the horizontal thrust of the punches and the action of the sliding block H, and the other operating parts of the machine,may not bc interfered with, since this connection moves simultaneously and parallel with the motion of the sliding block H.
As the drivin g-wheel E revolves, the cam acts upon the pin t, causing the lever s to oscillate on a pivot, h2, by which motion is communicated, through the connecting arm or rod u, to the arm or lever fu, so that each oscillation of this arm causes the pawl b2 to alternafely advance and retreat, each advance engaging into a ratchet-tooth, as with ordinary pawl-and-ratchet movements, thereby imparting motion to the upperlfeed-wheel a1, which in turn imparts motion to the lower feed-Wheel by reason ofthe friction-Wheels y. Now, as it is important that the rate of feed shall be regulated, l inclose a portion of the ratchet-wheel w with a guard-plate, d, so that, as this guardplate is permitted to cover more or less of the surface of the ratchet-wheel, the pawl b2 will the plate determining the engagement of the pawl. The position of the plate is governed by the slot e" and set-screwsf2. The guardplate d2 possesses another feature in its application-that is, it prevents injury to the teeth of the ratchet-wheel by the friction of the pawl as it travels over them.
1t is obvious that gear-wheels may be substituted instead of friction-wheels for operating the feed-rolls.
Having thus described my invention, whatI claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
In a machine for heading rivets, the combination of a horizontally-reciprocated punchcarrier, H, Vertically-reciprocated punch-adjuster J, slotted plate u, eccentric rod r, and knuckle-jointed links F G, arranged and cooperating substantially as and for the purpose specified.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2595433A (en) * 1947-06-18 1952-05-06 Waterbury Farrel Foundry & Mac Shaft driving mechanism for headers or like machines
US2916952A (en) * 1957-11-08 1959-12-15 Waterbury Farrel Foundry & Mac Ball header

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2595433A (en) * 1947-06-18 1952-05-06 Waterbury Farrel Foundry & Mac Shaft driving mechanism for headers or like machines
US2916952A (en) * 1957-11-08 1959-12-15 Waterbury Farrel Foundry & Mac Ball header

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