US182930A - Improvement in churns - Google Patents

Improvement in churns Download PDF

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US182930A
US182930A US182930DA US182930A US 182930 A US182930 A US 182930A US 182930D A US182930D A US 182930DA US 182930 A US182930 A US 182930A
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churn
dasher
churns
frame
improvement
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B9/00Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members
    • F04B9/02Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being mechanical
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18056Rotary to or from reciprocating or oscillating
    • Y10T74/18208Crank, pitman, and slide

Description

I. G. HUBBARD & D. G. STERLING.

CHURN.

No.182,930. Patented Oct. 3,1876.

'nvervfors:

Witnesses: 2m

%uagq@z,

able dasher-frame,

UNITED STATES PATENT Orricn ISAAC G. HUBBARD AND DANIEL G. STERLING, OF NOKOMIS, ILLINOIS.

IMPROVEMENT IN CHURNS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 1 82,930, dated October 3, 1876; application filed August 3, 1876.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, ISAAC Gr. HUBBARD and DANIEL G. STERLING, of Nokomis, in the county of Montgomery and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Ohurns; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification, in which Figure l is a front elevation of the improved churn. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the churn-lid. Figs.'3 and 4 illustrate the attachments of the standards to the churn-body, as herein described. Fig. 5 illustrates the connection of the dasher-arms and pitman-rods.

This invention relates to an improvement in that class of churns known as doubledasher churns and it consists of a removprovided with a double crank, pitman-rods, and guides, and a pair of removable dashers, the former arranged to be attached or detached from the body of the churn, and the latter arranged to be attached to or detached from the pitman -rods and guides, with which the dasher-frame is provided at pleasure, all of which is hereinafter more fully set forth and described.

In the accompanying drawing, similar letters of reference indicate like parts of the invention.

The body A is that of an ordinary uprightdasher churn, the lid being made in sections B and O, with openings to surround the dasherarms D. Loops E, having external eyes F, are secured to the churn to receive the feet of the standards G, which have also upper connections with the body of the churn, consisting of looped and perforated plates H, which engage with pins 1 in the edge of the rim of the churn-body A. Hooks K, secured near the lower ends of the standards Gr, engage with the eyes F on the loops E to prevent the standards from being raised from said loops E while in use.

A modification of the loops E is shown in Fig. 3, where pins L, in the foot of the standard G, enter eyebolts M, driven into the side of the churn-body.

A modification of the looped and perforated plates H is shown in Fig. 3, where pins N are driven through the standards G into the churn-body to hold them and prevent them from swaying when in use.

The standards G are connected at their tops by a double crank, 0, provided with two pitman-rods, P, having the dasher-arms D detachably connected to their lower ends by the eyebolts R, connected to the guides S, and passed through the bifurcations T, one arm, U, of each of which is perforated, and the other arm V is notched at W and pivoted at X, so as to be either turned to receive or release the shanks of the eyebolts R, for the purposes of attaching and removing the dashers to and from the dasher-frame, when it is desired to apply for using, or to remove for cleaning the same. A handle, Y, is attached to the double crank O, and one also to the opposite standard G, for the purposes of operating the crank and of handling the dasherframe when it is to be removed from the churn.

To remove the dasher-frame from the churnbody it is necessary first to remove the lid B 0, turn the arms U V from the shanks of the eyebolts R, and remove the dasher-arms and let the dashers drop into the churn, detach the hooks and raise the dasher-frame, and hang it up in any convenient place.

When the eyebolts M and the pins N are used it is necessary to withdraw the pins N before the dasher-frame can be removed.

This removable dasher-frame, with its removable dashers, can be attached to any dasher-ehurn, and the dashers are so operated by the guides and the openings in the lid of the churn as to have no lateral motion in the churn.

Having thus described my invention, we claim- 1. The removable dasher-frame, having the double crank O, pitmen P, having bifurcations at their lower ends, detachable dashers D, and guides S, in combination with the hereunto set our hands and seals this 31st loops H and E F, and hooks K, substantially day of July, 1876.

as and for the purposes set forth. ISAAC G. HUBBARD. L. s. 2. The pitmen P having the bifurcations, DANIEL G. STERLING. L. s. one arm of which is notched and pivoted, in Witnesses: combination with the dashers D, substantially L. MERIGAN, as and for the purposes set forth. J. M. HANCOCK,

In testimony that we claim the foregoing JOHN G. DANIELS,

improvements, as above described, we have WM. SERVICE.

US182930A Improvement in churns Expired - Lifetime US182930A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110195485A1 (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-08-11 Heliae Development, Llc Methods of and Systems for Producing Biofuels

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110195485A1 (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-08-11 Heliae Development, Llc Methods of and Systems for Producing Biofuels

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