US182627A - Improvement in railroad-rail joints - Google Patents

Improvement in railroad-rail joints Download PDF

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US182627A
US182627A US182627DA US182627A US 182627 A US182627 A US 182627A US 182627D A US182627D A US 182627DA US 182627 A US182627 A US 182627A
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rail
fish
rails
plates
railroad
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B5/00Rails; Guard rails; Distance-keeping means for them
    • E01B5/16Distance keepers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/955Locked bolthead or nut
    • Y10S411/973Gravity bolthead, nut or washer

Description

AIENT rare.

JOHN E ATWOOD, OF STONINGTON, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF HIS RIGHT TO JOSEPH W. STORES, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.

IMPROVEMENT IN RAlLROAD-RAIL JOINTS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 182,627, dated September 26, 1876; application filed July 27, 1876. v y

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, JOHN E. Arrwoon, of Stonington, in the county of New London and State of Connecticut,'have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Railroad-Bail Joints; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description ofthe same, reference being bad to the accompanying drawing, which forms part of this specification.

This invention relates to certain improvements in railroad-rail joints; and it consists of a novel construction and combination of parts, which will be fully hereinafter described, and specifically pointed out in the claims, a preliminary description being therefore deemed unnecessary.

In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 represents a transverse section of the permanent way of a railroad, in part, illustrating the rails with the fish-plates applied to one of them, and certain means of securing said plates and rail at the web of the latter. Fig. 2 is an end view of said rail, fish-plates, means of securing the latter at the web of the rail, and certain means of securing and locking the fishplates and rails together at their base. Fig. 3 is a section similar to Fig. 1, but in a difi'erent plane, and showing the means, illustrated in Fig. 2, for securing the fish-plates and rail extended, so as also to tie the two rails together. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal inside face view of a rail with its attached fish-plates and means of securing thesame in accordance with my invention, and Fig. 5 is a longitudinal out side view, upon a reduced scale, of the same.

A A are the two rails of arailroad-track resting on cross-ties B B. Said rails' are singlefaced-that is, are formed with an inside face, I), only-whereby a longer rail can be rolled from a bloom of a given weight without materially, if at all, diminishing the strength of the rail, and making a less number of joints necessary, also reducing the cost per mile. Furthermore, by this form or construction of rail, to which this invention, as a general thing, is not restricted, however, the face b on the inside of the rail may be placed nearer to the web 0 than in the double or inside and outside faced rail, and it will be less liable to be hammered down by the wheels of the cars or trucks running over it, particularly at the ends of the rail; also the outer side of the rail which is not exposed to the same severe service is proportionately reduced, as regards its weight of metal. C is the outer fishplate, and C the inner fish-plate, both of which are only here shown as applied to the one rail A.

To make an effective joint at the junction of the rail-sections, it is. proposed to make the ties B at the joint longer than usual, or to extend them to a greater distance beyond the rails than the other ties, when practicable to do so, thereby giving more base and tie support, and reducing the tendency to sink into the ground. The fish'plates C C should also be of sufficient length to cover at least three ties, B, with the joint 01 over the center one. Said fish-plates extend down to, and, together with the rail which they clamp or hold in between them, rest upon, the ties, as clearly shown in Figs. 1, 3, and 5 of the drawing, thereby giving the whole structure a wider and better base at such place of rest, and reducing the tendency to cut into the ties. Nor by this construction is it necessary to increase the height of the rails from the ties, and the general grade of the ties is not disturbed, chairs being dispensed with, and the rails with their fish-plates resting only on wood, the same will not be as readily pounded out of shape as if resting on metal. Neither will the adjacent ends of the rail-sections sink one below the other and be exposed to battering by the wheels of the cars or trucks running over them.

The outside fish-plate C is made heavier than the inside one, and extends to or above the rail at the joint d, to prevent the wheels which run over it from striking the ends of the rails; but it is made of less depth or height at its ends 6 than the rails, to ease contact of the wheels when riding onto or over said fish-plate. This extension of the fish-plate C at its center. above the rail or joint d of the rail-sections, while its ends fail to reach the top surface of the rail, and the extension oafgaoth inner outer fish-plates at their bases so 0 rest upon the ties, may either beused separately or conjointly, as desired, and in connection with the form of rail shown or any other.

The rails may be held down to the ties B by spikesf, and the fish-plates be united with the rails, and, if desired, the opposite or parallel rails forming a single'track, tied together by bolts 7 and nuts. Said nuts, however, as also certain washers used in connection with them, it is proposed to peculiarly construct and apply without restriction to the precise form of rail and fish-plates here shown. Thus, the bolts g, which pass through the web 0 and fish-plates of the rail, also the bolts h, which bind the fish-plates and rail together, at or below the base of the latter, in between the ties B, likewise the bolts 2', which are but extensions of the bolts h, for the purpose of performing the additional duty of connecting the opposite rails together, are tightened up or secured, and have applied to them nuts 1). which are not only made heavier on their one side than on the other, but are of an eccentric or other equivalent shape, with flat or angular sides, adapted to be received within or grasped by a wrench for the purpose of tightening up the nuts.

By this construction, when said nuts are in proper position uponthe bolts, they not only serve, by their overhanging weight, to tighten up the fastenin gs rather than to unscrew there from by the vibrations on the bolts and nuts consequent upon the running of trains over the tracks, but they may be adjustedfrom time to time, as required, by applying to them a positive wrench on opposite ends of a bar,

- plates or rails.

which wrench may have its opposite ends reversed, to enable the operator to turn the nut as desired. The desired position of the nuts to suit varying requirements can be secured by changing them or the nuts and washers; but the construction of the nuts is such that, in the case of their becoming loose from any cause, they will not unscrew when in an approximately horizontal position.

A washer, E, is also shown applied to the nuts or certain of them. This washer is of a hook shape or construction, so as to hook at its one end onto the base-flange of the fish Such washer serves to hold the bolt to which the nut is applied in place, and to more securely unite and support the rails and fish-plates.

I claim- 1. The combination, with the rails and the fish-plates resting on the sleepers, of the hooked bolts h, connecting and holding the fish-plates at their lower ends below'the rails, the bolts 9 passing through fish-plates and the rails, and nut D applied to the said bolts, substantially as and for the object specified.

2. The hook-shaped washers E of the bolts which unite the fish-plates withthe rails or the opposite rails with each other, in combination with the base-flangesof the rails and of the fish-plates, over which the hooked ends .of said washers are arranged to lap, essen- ANDREW J. GURLEY, l

EUGENE ATWOOD.

US182627D Improvement in railroad-rail joints Expired - Lifetime US182627A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2596619A (en) * 1945-12-06 1952-05-13 Samuel G Thomson Railroad rail unsymmetrical sides
US20050084867A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-21 Caren Michael P. Hybridization and scanning apparatus
US20050084866A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-21 Caren Michael P. Methods and apparatus for sample mixing
US20050083781A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-21 Caren Michael P. Methods and apparatus for mixing of liquids

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2596619A (en) * 1945-12-06 1952-05-13 Samuel G Thomson Railroad rail unsymmetrical sides
US20050084867A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-21 Caren Michael P. Hybridization and scanning apparatus
US20050084866A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-21 Caren Michael P. Methods and apparatus for sample mixing
US20050083781A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-21 Caren Michael P. Methods and apparatus for mixing of liquids

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