US1822486A - Drier - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1822486A
US1822486A US89317A US8931726A US1822486A US 1822486 A US1822486 A US 1822486A US 89317 A US89317 A US 89317A US 8931726 A US8931726 A US 8931726A US 1822486 A US1822486 A US 1822486A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
drying
agitator
dried
contact
container
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US89317A
Inventor
Clark C Heritage
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nat Aniline & Chem Co Inc
National Aniline & Chemical Co Inc
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Nat Aniline & Chem Co Inc
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Publication date
Application filed by Nat Aniline & Chem Co Inc filed Critical Nat Aniline & Chem Co Inc
Priority to US89317A priority Critical patent/US1822486A/en
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Publication of US1822486A publication Critical patent/US1822486A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/16Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F7/24Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with helices or screws
    • B01F7/242Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with helices or screws the helices being mounted centrally in the receptacle for mixing in batches
    • B01F7/246Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with helices or screws the helices being mounted centrally in the receptacle for mixing in batches the helices having a diameter only slightly less than the diameter of the receptacle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B11/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive
    • F26B11/12Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive in stationary drums or other mainly-closed receptacles with moving stirring devices
    • F26B11/14Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive in stationary drums or other mainly-closed receptacles with moving stirring devices the stirring device moving in a horizontal or slightly-inclined plane
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B3/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat
    • F26B3/18Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by conduction, i.e. the heat is conveyed from the heat source, e.g. gas flame, to the materials or objects to be dried by direct contact
    • F26B3/22Drying solid materials or objects by processes involving the application of heat by conduction, i.e. the heat is conveyed from the heat source, e.g. gas flame, to the materials or objects to be dried by direct contact the heat source and the materials or objects to be dried being in relative motion, e.g. of vibration
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B7/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes using a combination of processes not covered by a single one of groups F26B3/00 and F26B5/00
    • F26B7/005Drying solid materials or objects by processes using a combination of processes not covered by a single one of groups F26B3/00 and F26B5/00 using admixture with sorbent materials and heat, e.g. generated by the mixture

Description

Sept. 8, 1931. c. c. HERITAGE I DRIER Filed Feb. 19, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 patented Sept. 8, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CLARK C. HERITAGE, O1 BUFFALO, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR T NATIONAL ANILIHE & CHEMICAL 00., INC., 01 NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK DRIER Application filed February 19, 1826. Serial No. 89,317.
This invention relates to the drying of wet or moist material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat. It relates more particularly to improvements in proc- 5 esses and apparatus for the vacuum drying of such material, and is especially concerned with the treatment of relatively small quantities of material. a
For small tonnage production, the usual vacuum drier of the horizontal rotary type has the objections of high initial cost and inefiicient operation. These objections arise from the fact that such a drier in a small size requires the same equipment and end con struction as one built for large scale operations, and the further fact that a large proportion of its heated surface is not utilized in the drying operation. Consequently it is customary to em loy drier pans when the uantity of material to be dried is too small or economical handlin in rotar driers; but these are attended y high la or costs, high losses in handling and slow operation.
According to the present invention, rela-- tively small batches are dried with comparativel short time cycles, low labor cost and free om from handlin losses. The invention presents the further eatures of inexpensive installation, long life with low maintenance, operation under an condition of pressure or vacuum, and capa ility of performing the additional operations of grinding, mixing and standardizing.
In brief, the process forming a part of the invention comprises elevating the material to be dried while in contact with asubstantially vertical surface, scraping the dried material from contact with the surface, and removing vapor formed in the drying of the material. I
The apparatus forming a art of'the invention consists of a vertical jac lr a rounded or sloping bottom, and a removable agitator suspended within the vessel, the agitator being of a type that shears dried material from the wall to afford an efiicient heat transfer to fresh material. With the vertical arrangement, the weight of the agitator is carried by the cover, its coaction with eted vessel with the vessel wall is uniform for the whole periphery, and the entire vessel circumference is utilized for the drying operation. This also permits the use of a cast iron construction with its attendant advantages.
In the accompanying drawings Fig. 1 is a top view of the drier; and.
Fig. 2 is a vertical axial section.
A container 1 having a round bottom 2 is provided with a jacket 3 inclosin the operaribbon type, formed to follow closely the container configuration and with the broad surface of the ribbon disposed at an angle to the axis of the agitator, thus providing an improved lifting and shearmg action. The lower end 11 of the ribbon is attached to the shaft, and arms 12, 13 and 14 extending from the shaft, support remaining portions of the agitator ribbon.
The container has a charging opening 15,
suitably closed and a vapor outlet 16 in the cover. Abottom discharge 17 is closed by a valve 18 whose stem 19 is threaded in a 'swiveled arm 20.
In the operation of the drier,'press cake or other material to be dried is charged through the opening 15, and the opening is closed. The agitator is started, and as it revolves, it first forces upwardly, or elevates, into contact with the inner surface of the vertical wall of the container the material to be dried lying near the wall. As the revolution of the agitator continues, the material is further elevated while in contact with said surface until the upper end of the agitator ribbon is reached, and then it falls back into the container. The wall is heated to a temperature suitable for dryingthe material, and the, heat transmitted by the wall of the container to the material, while it is being elevated in contact with the inner surface of said wall, causes liquid or moisture contained in it to vaporize. Vapor formed in the drying of the material is removed through the outlet 16 in any well known manner. The agitator blade, by reason of its angular disposition relative to the vessel wall, shears and scrapes off any moist or dried material which tends to adhere to the wall; it also forces said material toward its inner edge, from which said mate- 10 rial dro s back into the lower central The close contact of the agitator ribbon andgthe container wall prevents encrustations on' 'the wall which check the transfer of heat. It also serves to cause a grinding or pulverizing of the material as the aste or press cake approaches dryness, and results in a productof considerable fineness. This action and the completeness of the agitation render the invention useful for mixing other materials withthe press cake by grinding them together as, for example, for mixing common salt or Glaubers salt with dyestuifs.
The vertically arranged agitator and the bottom discharge in axial alignment combine in providin 'a drier that is quickly and completely emptied when the dr ing action is finished. It furthermore aifor s a construction that is readily cleaned for changing from one'product .to another. Obviously, the container and agitator axis need not be truly vertical as the structure is operable with various inclinations of the axis and the term substantiallyvertical is intended to in; clude such an angular disposition. With an inclined arrangement it ma be desirable to offset the discharge opening rom the axial line.
I claim:
1. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat, the combination of a vertical cylindrical wall, means for heating said wall to a drying temperature, means for elevating material to be dried into contact with said wall, and means for removing vapors formed in the drying of said material.
' 2. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat, the combination of a heated vertical cylindrical wall, a rotary spiral agitator in close contact with said wall for elevating material to be dried in contact with said wall, and means for removing vapors formed in the drying of said material. a
3. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist on material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat, the combination of a heated vertical cylindrical wall, a rotary spiral agitator in close contact with said wall for elevating material to be dried in contact with said wall and for shearing dried material from contact with said well, and means for removing vapors formed in the drying of sad materia 4. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat, the combination of a closed container for the material to be dried having a vertical cylindrical wall, means for heating sa d wall to a drying temperature, a rotary spiral agitator for elevating the material while in contact with said wall, and an outlet in said cover for removing vapor formed in the drying of said material.
5. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat, the combination of a closed container for the material to be dried having a vertical cylindrical wall, a heating jacket for heating said wall to a drying temperature, a cover for said container, a. rotatable shaft suspended from said cover axially of said contalner, a spiral ribbon agitator mounted on said shaft in close contact with said wall for elevating said material while in contact with said wall, and an outlet in said cover for removing vapor formed in the dry ing of said material.
6. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist material by the removal of liquid therefrom with the aid of heat, the combination of a closed container for the material to be dried having a vertical cylindrical wall and a valve controlled bottom outlet, a heating jacket for heatin said wall to a drying temperature, a cover or said container, a rotary spiral ribbon agitator for elevating said material while in contact with said wall mounted in close contact with said wall and having the broad surface of said ribbon angularly disposed with respect to said wall, and an outlet in said cover for removing vapor formed in the drying of said material.
7. In an apparatus for drying wet or moist heated vertical cylindrical wall, a rotar spiral ribbon agitator in close contact with said wall for elevating the material to be dried in contact with the wall and having the broad surface of said ribbon angularly disposed with respect to the wall.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
CLARK C. HERITAGE.
;material by the removal of liquid therefrom p with the aid of heat, the combination of a
US89317A 1926-02-19 1926-02-19 Drier Expired - Lifetime US1822486A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0015357A1 (en) * 1979-03-07 1980-09-17 Per Ake Nilsson Apparatus for drying manure and similar residual products
EP0055336A2 (en) * 1980-12-30 1982-07-07 Linnhoff + Thesenfitz Maschinenbau Gmbh Apparatus for heating powdery products
DK152037B (en) * 1979-03-06 1988-01-25 Per Aake Nilsson Apparatus for drying of manure and similar waste products

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DK152037B (en) * 1979-03-06 1988-01-25 Per Aake Nilsson Apparatus for drying of manure and similar waste products
EP0015357A1 (en) * 1979-03-07 1980-09-17 Per Ake Nilsson Apparatus for drying manure and similar residual products
EP0055336A2 (en) * 1980-12-30 1982-07-07 Linnhoff + Thesenfitz Maschinenbau Gmbh Apparatus for heating powdery products
EP0055336A3 (en) * 1980-12-30 1984-07-25 Linnhoff + Thesenfitz Maschinenbau Gmbh Apparatus for heating powdery products

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