US1813798A - Retainer for shingles - Google Patents

Retainer for shingles Download PDF

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Publication number
US1813798A
US1813798A US423384A US42338430A US1813798A US 1813798 A US1813798 A US 1813798A US 423384 A US423384 A US 423384A US 42338430 A US42338430 A US 42338430A US 1813798 A US1813798 A US 1813798A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shingle
shingles
retainer
retainers
members
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Expired - Lifetime
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US423384A
Inventor
Gerosa Anthony
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Gerosa Anthony
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Priority to US423384A priority Critical patent/US1813798A/en
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Publication of US1813798A publication Critical patent/US1813798A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/29Means for connecting or fastening adjacent roofing elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3408Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastener type or material
    • E04D2001/3414Metal strips or sheet metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3452Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the location of the fastening means
    • E04D2001/3464Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the location of the fastening means on the lateral corners of the roof covering elements for diagonally tiled roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/347Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastening pattern
    • E04D2001/3482Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the fastening pattern the fastening means taking hold directly on elements of succeeding rows and fastening them simultaneously to the structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/34Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements
    • E04D2001/3488Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the type of roof covering elements being fastened
    • E04D2001/3491Fastenings for attaching roof-covering elements to the supporting elements characterised by the type of roof covering elements being fastened made of flexible material, e.g. shingles

Description

July 7, 1931. A. GEROS A 3,798
RETAINER FOR sHINeLEs Emma; 25. 1930 INVENTOR {$23 'w f ATTORNEYS Patented July 7, 1931 UNITED STATES ANTHONY GEROSA, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
RETAINER FOR SHINGLES Application filed January 25, 1930.
This invention relates to retainers for shingles and which may be used advantageously in conjunction with square or diamond shaped shingles of composition material, or asphaltum or asbestos.
' Shingles of this character are laid in imbrication and the weather ends thereof must be securely fastened down, to avoid open joints and incidental leakage. Heretofore this has been done, but with considerable difiiculty to the Workman, involving an unusual amount of time and labor in performing the task of laying the shingles.
The principal object of the invention is to provide each shingle with a pair of retainers of simple, inexpensive and practical form, whereby the task of a workman in laying and securing the shingles will be facilitated, and whereby this task of the workman will be expedited.
The nature of the invention and its distinguishing features and advantages will appear when the following specification is read in connection with the accompanying draw- 2 ings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of a retainer constructed in accordance with the invention;
Figure 2 illustrates the manner in which shingles are laid and secured by virtue of the provision of the retainers;
Referring now more particularly to Figure 1, it will be apparent that there is shown a retainer or fastener which is cut, punched, and bent from a single piece of sheet metal,
such as copper, to provide members 17 and 18 which are suitably united at one end by a bight 19, the member 17 having a hole 20, a prong 21 near one end and a hook 22 on the end having the prong 21, and the member 18 having a slot 23 therein which receives the prong 21. The hook 22 projects obliquely with respect to the longitudinal axis of the member 17. It is to be understood that retainers or fasteners having the features mentioned will be made in left and also in right hand forms. A pair of these retainers or fasteners is used in conjunction with each shingle, said retainers or fasteners being secured in any practical manner respectively to the opposite corners of the shingles 15, as shown Serial No. 423,384.
most clearly in Figure 2. Each retainer or fastener is applied to the shingle so that the members 17 and 18 will be disposed respectively on opposite sides there-of, and the prong 21 will impale the shingle, extend through 9' the slot 23 in the member 18, and be clinched against the member 18. In this manner the retainer or fastener will be securely held in place. The hole 20 in the member 17 accommodates the pointed end of a nail 24 which may be readily driven through the shingle and the member 18 to secure the shingle end in place. As applied to the shingle, the hook 22 of each retainer or fastener will be dis posed some distance beyond the adjacent edge of the shingle. It is to be understood that shingles having a pair of retainers or fasteners will be supplied to the trade. It will be apparent that because of the fact that the hooks 22 are disposed beyond the adjacent edges of the shingle 15, a number of shingles may be stacked for shipment without pos sibility of crushing the hooks 22 down against the related members 17.
In accordance with the invention, a course of shingles is laid in alinement with each other so that the retainers or fasteners will be disposed up and down, with the hooks 22 lowermost. As each shingle is laid in position the workman drives a nail through each retainer and the related end of the shingle into the roof portions, it being apparent that the hole 20 will receive the nail after which it may be readily driven home. Adjacent shingles in the same course will present a left and right hand retainer in cooperative relationship capable of receiving the lower corner or end of another shingle laid in superposed and imbricated relation to the lower shingles. The hooks 22 of these cooperative retainers will engage over the lower end of the imbricated shingle and securely hold the end in place against curling upward. It will also be apparent that the superposed shingle will cover the retainers which serve to hold the lower end thereof. In this manner the shingles of one course will be interlocked and interfitted with the shingles of a contiguous course.
By providing each shingle with a pair of retainers, the task of the Workman on the job will be greatly facilitated because it Will not be necessary for the Workman to handle the retainers While holding each shingle in its proper position, and it Will also expedite the Work in hand.
If desired, the upper surface of the hook 22 may have aoplied thereto a covering of cracked stone held thereon by tar or asphaltum to be consistent With the top surface of the shingles.
Claims:
1. A shingle retainer comprisinga pair of substantially flat members suitably united at one end and adapted to overlie the opposite sides of a shingle, said members having provision'at their free ends for impaling the shingle and also for engaging each otherto secure the retainer in place on the shingle, and one of said members having a shingle engaging hook on one end.
A shingle retainer comprising a pair of substantially flat members suitably united at one end and adapted to overlie the opposite sides of a shingle, said members having provision at their free ends for impaling the shingle and also for engaging each other to secure the retainer in place on the shingle,
and one of said members having an obliquely disposed shingle engaging. hook on one end.
3. A shingle retainer constructed of a single piece of metal to provide a pair of sub stantially flat members united at one end and adapted to overlie the opposite sides'of a shingle, a prong on one member for impaling the shingle and also for engaging the other member to secure the retainer in place on the shingle, and a single engaging hook integral with one of said members on one end-tl1ereof.
ANTHONY GEROSA.
US423384A 1930-01-25 1930-01-25 Retainer for shingles Expired - Lifetime US1813798A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US423384A US1813798A (en) 1930-01-25 1930-01-25 Retainer for shingles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US423384A US1813798A (en) 1930-01-25 1930-01-25 Retainer for shingles

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US1813798A true US1813798A (en) 1931-07-07

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5035028A (en) * 1989-08-18 1991-07-30 Lemke Stuart H Roof fastener assembly including a dual plate stress reliever
EP0519204A1 (en) * 1991-06-15 1992-12-23 Dieter Jung Metal connector
US5537791A (en) * 1994-07-03 1996-07-23 Tommy W. Hollis Trim clip for siding
US6367220B1 (en) 2000-02-03 2002-04-09 Associated Materials, Incorporated Clip for siding panel
US6557315B2 (en) * 2001-01-16 2003-05-06 Tecta Inc. Metal roofing shingle
US20040148871A1 (en) * 2003-01-02 2004-08-05 Fandel Rickey L. Undersiding flashing receiver
US20050252111A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-11-17 Solatube International Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective waffle pattern corrugation
US20120324807A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-12-27 David Spencer Shingle Inserts And Method For Eliminating and Preventing Growth of Algae, Moss, or Lichens on a Roof
WO2015047447A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-02 Spencer Laurie Anne Shingle inserts and method for eliminating and preventing growth of algae, moss, or lichens on a roof

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5035028A (en) * 1989-08-18 1991-07-30 Lemke Stuart H Roof fastener assembly including a dual plate stress reliever
EP0519204A1 (en) * 1991-06-15 1992-12-23 Dieter Jung Metal connector
US5537791A (en) * 1994-07-03 1996-07-23 Tommy W. Hollis Trim clip for siding
US6367220B1 (en) 2000-02-03 2002-04-09 Associated Materials, Incorporated Clip for siding panel
US6557315B2 (en) * 2001-01-16 2003-05-06 Tecta Inc. Metal roofing shingle
US20040148871A1 (en) * 2003-01-02 2004-08-05 Fandel Rickey L. Undersiding flashing receiver
US20050252111A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-11-17 Solatube International Tubular skylight with dome flashing and protective waffle pattern corrugation
US20120324807A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-12-27 David Spencer Shingle Inserts And Method For Eliminating and Preventing Growth of Algae, Moss, or Lichens on a Roof
WO2015047447A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-02 Spencer Laurie Anne Shingle inserts and method for eliminating and preventing growth of algae, moss, or lichens on a roof

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