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US1807395A - Building wall structure - Google Patents

Building wall structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US1807395A
US1807395A US31877628A US1807395A US 1807395 A US1807395 A US 1807395A US 31877628 A US31877628 A US 31877628A US 1807395 A US1807395 A US 1807395A
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Prior art keywords
panels
wall
edges
studding
figure
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
George H Ellis
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INSULITE Co
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Insulite Co
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/7654Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only comprising an insulating layer, disposed between two longitudinal supporting elements, e.g. to insulate ceilings

Description

May 1931. A Q H, ELUS l 1,807,395

BUILDING WALL STRUCTURE Filed Nov. l2, 1928 3 sheetsheet 1 9 f 25 Y 4 zo n li f; s c l la a A .)o y. v o

y; M y o g; o M 'f E l ylll L l i L 1' y M 4 i n 0. .IIL i i IIIMIIW T1, s ,.3 Umm f2 Il'llIIlIllillllllllllllmln EORGE H. ELL/s 7' TQENEYS May 26, 1931. c.. H. ELLIS BUILDNG WALL STRUCTURE Filed Nov. l2. 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR GEORGE H. ELL/ Azofgusye May 26, 1931. G, H ELLIS 1,807,395

BUILDING WALL STRUCTURE A Filed NOV; l2, .1928 5 SheeltS-*Shet Y 1125.5 4 Y l \\\YL ll/ l/ g 4 Z. F296 e L l 'l ,l rNvEN-rof? a @SORGE H. ELL/s Patented May 26, v1931 UNITED STATES, PATENT; oFrlca GEOME H. ELLIS, OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR TO THE INSULITE COMPANY,

Ol' IINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, A CORPORATION OF MINNESOTA BUILDING WALL STRUCTURE Application nledlovember 12,1928. Serial No. 318,776.

respect to the medial plane of the building wa l so that one ed e of each panel will en age said wall section at a point substantia 1y midway between adjacent studding,A

said edges also engagin each other, while the opposite ed es ofsai panels will engage said stud-ding a jacent the inner edges there.-` of, so that when the edges engaging the s studding are secured thereto, the op osite V and at the same time,

edge secured to one of said studdin Contactin edges of the panels or boar s will be force into en agement with each other and with said wal section, thereby securing the panels in position between the studding roviding dead air spaces between the wal section and the panels. i

The particular ob'ect ,of the invention therefore is to provi e an insulation adapted for use between Vstuddin joints and rafters com rising compresse fibrous insulating boar s adapted to be interposed between adjacent studding and extending lengthwise thereof, and each havingv ong an their opposite ed es to one of the wa 1 sections secured to t e studding, and plates or boards, preferably ofa similar insulating material, being interposed between the ends of adjacent panels to revent circulation of air between the stud in or members between which the insu ating panels are mounted. ,i

Other objects of the invention will appear from the following description and accompanying drawings and will bev pointed out in the annexed claims.

`In the accompanying drawings, there has been disclosed a structure designed to carry out the various objects of the invention, but it is to be understood that the invention is not confined to the exact features shown as various changes may be made within the sco e of the claims which follow.

n the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification;

Figure 1 is an enlarged detail sectional plan View on the line l1--1 of Figure 2, showing the preferred manner of securin insulating panels between the wall mem rs;

Figure 2 is a sectional elevation of Figure 1, on a smaller scale;

Figure 3 is a plan view, showing one of the insulating panels removed from the wall structure;

Figure 4 -is a vertical section illustrating a portion of a buildin wall and showing the invention embodied t erein v Figure 5 shows a modified construction wherein lthe inner edges of the insulating panels are overlap ed; j

Figure 6 is anot er modification, showing the inner edges interlocked by the provision of longitudinal grooves and tongue in'the contiguous edges of the boards;

Figure 7 is a modified construction similar to the form shown in Figure 1, but wherein two layers of insulating panels are used to provide additional dead air spaces in the wall structure; and

Figure 8 is still another modification wherein a single insulating panel is interposed between adjacent studdlng.

In the selected embodiment of the invention here shown, there isillustrated, for urposes of disclosure, a portion of a buil ing wall comprising the usual studding 2, joists 3, and the outer wall section 4 secured to the outer edges of the studding in the usual manner. The inner wall section 5, indicated in dotted liliesin Fi re 1, usually consists of a suitable plaster lise such, for example, as Wood or metal lath 6, covered by plaster 7, as shown in Figure 4. A feature ofV this invention resides in the insulation provided between the studding 2 and the wall sections 4 and d. The novel insulation :here shown, comprises boards or panels the i 8 and 9, preferably of a fiber composition ly engaged, as indicated at in Figure 1. v

The outer edges of the insulating panels o r boards 8 and 9, are secured to their respective studding by means of suitable nails 11. p

When these nails are driven through the panels, and into the studding as shown in Figure 1, the edges of the panels engaged with the studding will tend to move in a direction towards the outer Wall section 4, thereby causing the inner abutting edges of the panels to be forced tightly into contact with each other andv also into engagement with the inner surface of the outer wall section 4. The inner edges of the panels may be secured to the wall section 4 by suitable nails, if desired.

In the building art, the spacing between the studding used in the construction of the walls, has been standardized so that the insulating boards orxpanels 8 and 9 may be cut to the proper width in the manufacture thereof, whereby they may be secured in position between the studdings as shown in Figure 1, without having to be cut or fitted on the job, especially the opposed longitudinal edges thereof. The insulating panels or boards may be cut to anyl suitable length desired, and are usually cut to some standard dimension at the factory.- Thus, it will be seen that very little fitting and cutting is required to incorparate this novel' insulation in a`wall structure.

To prevent the circulation of air between the studding from one floor to another, plates 12, preferably constructed of a material similar to that from which the panels 8 and 9 are constructed, are inserted-between the contiguous ends of the insulating boards 8 and 9. These plates 12 are also fitted between the wall sections 4 and 5, and the studding 2,

asv shown in Figures 1 and 2, and are of a width substantially equal to the width of the studding, so that when the outer and inner wall sections 4 and 5, respectively, are securedl to the studding, the inner surfaces thereof will engage the opposite edges of the plates 12, and thus prevent up and down circulation of air between thestudding. The P f against these ends of the boards or panels 8 and 9 abut plates as best shown inv Figures 2 and 4.

Figure 4 illustrates a portion of a building comprising iloors 13 and 14' and a roof 15.`

The insulating panels or boards 8 and 9 are shown incorporated in the construction of the vertical wall between 'the studding thereof and the outer and inner wall sections 4 and 5. The

plates 12 are shown fitted between the adjacent ends of the insulating boards 8 and 9, and the outer and inner walll sections 4 and 5, respectively.

Figure 5 illustrates a modified. construction wherein the inner edges of the insulating panels 8 and 9 overlap, and are secured to the outer wall 4 by suitable nails 20, driven through the overlapping edges of the two panels. The outer or opposite edges are secured as in Figure 1.

Figure 6 illustrates another modified construction wherein the inner edges of the Y insulating panels 8 and 9 are provided with interlocking grooves and tongues, as shown. If desired, the inner edges of the vpanels shown in this ligure may be secured by nails 20, as illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 7 illustrates a modified construction wherein two relatively thinner insulatin panels 21 and 22 are4 used instead of the thicker panels 8 and 9, shown in the previous figures. These thinner panels are spaced apart bysuitable spacing members 23, so as to provide dead air spaces 24 between the panels. The outer edges of the panels, or those engaged with the studding 2, are secured to the studdings by nails 11. The inner edges of the panels 21 and 22 are shown as abuttingly engaged with each other, in

a manner similar to the inneredges of the panels 8 and 9, shown in Figure 1. These edges may be secured to the outer wall Isection 4`by nails 20, as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 8 illustrates a form wherein a single insulating panel 28v isV employedwhich has its opposite edges secured to adjacent studdin 1n a similar manner, and having its interme iate portion 29 engaging the'wall Y ly expedited. This will readily beseen when it is understood that the panels ma be cut to proper size in the manufacture t ereof, soV 4 that they may be inserted' and secured in the wall structure with very little. fitting and cuttlng. It will also be noted that because of the inclined disposition o:E the insulating' anels between adjacent studding, a plural- 1ty of dead air` spaces 25, 26, and 27 willV be provided in the wall structure, when the wa is completed. Also, because of the in-Y clined arrangement of the panels 8 and '9' between the studding, when" the outer edges thereof are secured to the studding, by .driving in the nails 11, as shown in Figure 1 the inner contacting edges of the `panels be tightly forced into engagement with each ot er, and, at the same time, into engagement with the outer wall section 4, thereby positively preventing circulationof air the dead air spaces or chambers 25,26, and

27, with the result that a building wall constructed with this form of insulation between the studding, and in the manner described, will be substantially non-conductive to heat and cold.

I claim as my invention: y

1. In a buildin wall, the combination with spaced studdlng having outer and inner wall sections secured to their opposite ed of insulating panels arranged between ad1acent studdin and each having one edge secured toone o? said studdings, the opposite edges of said boards being beveled and abuttingly engaged with each other, and said beveled edges also engaging one of said wall sections.

2. In a building wall, the combination with spaced studding having outer and inner wall sections secured to their opposite edges, of insulating panels angularly arranged between adjacent studding and each having one edge engaged with and secured to one of said studding, the opposite ed es of v' said panels being beveled and abutting y enthereof, and each panel having its longitudinal edges beveled in the same direction, whereby whena pair of said panels are arranged between adjacent studdin and angularly dis' osed with respect to t e medial plane of t e wall, the adjoining beveled edges of said panels may be abuttingly en gaged, and the opposite beveled edges of thepanels will abuttingly engage -the sides of said studding. y

4. In a building wall, the combination with spaced studding having a wall section secured thereto, of lnsulatin panels interposed between adjacent studding, lengthwise thereof, and each panelhaving its longitudinal edges beveled in the same direction, whereby when a pair of said anels are arranged between adjacent stu ding and angularly disposed with respect to the medial plane of the' wall, the adjoining beveled edges of saidpanels may be abuttingly engaged, and the opposite beveled edges of the panels will abuttinglg of said studding, the a utting y engaged edges of said panels also engaging said wall section to provide dead air spaces and whereby said studdin will be reinforced.

In witness whereo I have hereunto set my hand this 8th day of November 1928.

GEORGE H. ELLIS.

wall, the combination enga e the sidesv

US1807395A 1928-11-12 1928-11-12 Building wall structure Expired - Lifetime US1807395A (en)

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US1832105A US1832105A (en) 1928-11-12 1929-10-11 Building wall structure

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3483947A (en) * 1967-09-08 1969-12-16 United States Steel Corp Sound-absorbing panel
US4487291A (en) * 1982-12-22 1984-12-11 United States Gypsum Company Sound attenuating partition
FR2573458A1 (en) * 1984-11-20 1986-05-23 Stepoc Ass Method for constructing highly-insulating walls and constructed walls
US5187910A (en) * 1989-10-02 1993-02-23 Mm Systems Corporation Fire barrier system
US20060108175A1 (en) * 2004-11-24 2006-05-25 Quiet Solution, Inc. Soundproof assembly

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3483947A (en) * 1967-09-08 1969-12-16 United States Steel Corp Sound-absorbing panel
US4487291A (en) * 1982-12-22 1984-12-11 United States Gypsum Company Sound attenuating partition
FR2573458A1 (en) * 1984-11-20 1986-05-23 Stepoc Ass Method for constructing highly-insulating walls and constructed walls
US5187910A (en) * 1989-10-02 1993-02-23 Mm Systems Corporation Fire barrier system
US20060108175A1 (en) * 2004-11-24 2006-05-25 Quiet Solution, Inc. Soundproof assembly
US7909136B2 (en) * 2004-11-24 2011-03-22 Serious Materials, Inc. Soundproof assembly

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