US1801421A - Ligature for reed instruments - Google Patents

Ligature for reed instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
US1801421A
US1801421A US362066A US36206629A US1801421A US 1801421 A US1801421 A US 1801421A US 362066 A US362066 A US 362066A US 36206629 A US36206629 A US 36206629A US 1801421 A US1801421 A US 1801421A
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Prior art keywords
ligature
reed
mouth piece
clamping
cushion
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Expired - Lifetime
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US362066A
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Gemeinhardt Walter
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Gemeinhardt Walter
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Priority to US362066A priority Critical patent/US1801421A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D7/00General design of wind musical instruments
    • G10D7/06Beating-reed wind instruments, e.g. single or double reed wind instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures

Description

Patented Apr. 21, 1931 WALTER GEMEINHARDT, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
LIGATURE FOR REED INSTRUMENTS Application filed May 10,
This invention relates to improvements in wind musical instruments of the reed type and more particularly to the ligature for clamping the removable reed on the mouth piece of the instrument.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide a ligature for the mouth piece of a wind musical instrument in which a uniform clamping pressure may be exerted on the reed.
Another object of my invention is to provide a ligature for the mouth piece of a wind musical instrument having a resilient cushion or spacing element interposed between the reed and the said ligature permitting uniform clamping pressure across and throughout the length of that portion of the reed held by said ligature.
To enable others skilled in the art to more fully comprehend the underlying features of my invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification in which Fig. 1 is a side view showing the mouth piece and ligature for clamping the reed.
Fig. 2 is a section taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a section taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2. V
Heretofore it has been the practice to clamp the reed on the lay of the mouth piece of a wind musical instrument by means of a split ligature directly engaging the top surface of the said reed. It has been found that by reason of the irregularity of the curved top surface of the reed and the top curvature of the ligature, a uniform binding, clamping pressure was not had. It will be understood that the skilled musician selects from a large number of reeds those which he regards as most suitable for the particular month piece, the thickness, flexibility and taper of the reed in addition to the grade or grain of the reed being of primary importance. It has been discovered however, that while the reeds selected by the musician were satisfactory for the purpose, nevertheless fault was to be found when positioned on the lay of the mouth piece, due to the irregular clamping or binding of the ligature. To overcome the 1929. Serial No. 362,066.
above difliculty and to illustrate and describe the construction, method or manner in which it is obviated, reference is had to the accompanying drawing in which, 5 designates in its entirety the removable mouth piece of a wind musical instrument, said mouth piece having the usual tapered wall 6 and entrance opening 7. On the top, flat lay 8 of the mouth piece is positioned the reed 9 which tapers as at 10 to the thin edge 11 extending to the entrance opening. The ligature 12 is split as at 13 and provided with the usual, ears or eyes 14, 15 the former having threaded bores for the reception of the binding, screws 16 having the wings 17 whereby said screws may tighten the ligature.
It will be noted that curved top portion 18 of the ligature is substantially of the same curvature as the top surface of the reed on which it is to produce a binding and clamping of the said reed. In order that this clamping and binding effect may be uniform across the top surface of the reed notwithstanding any irregularity either in the reed itself or the inner surface of the ligature, I provide a curvilinear cushion or spacing element 19 preferably of cork, felt, soft rubber or any other equivalent material which may be glued, or cemented to the inner surface of the ligature. The curvature or width of the cushion or spacing element should be substantially that of the reed against which it is to bind or clamp and the length of the said cushion or spacing element should be substantially the same as the length of the ligature.
It will thus be seen that not only is the reed held by a uniform clamping or binding pressure considered transversely, but also longitudinally throughout that portion engaged by the ligature.
While I have shown and described my invention with some degree of particularly, it will be realized that other modifications and changes may be resorted to under special conditions. I therefore do not wish to be limited and restricted to the exact details shown and described but reserve the right to make such changes and modifications as may fairly fall Within the scope of the subject matter now being claimed. 7 7
Having shown and described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is The combination of a mouth piece for musical wind instruments having a lay, a split ligature having an offsetportion for receiving and clamping a reed on said lay, a cork cushion fastened to the inner, top surface of the off-set portion of the ligature, said cushion being substantially of the same Width and curvature as the top surface of the reed and of a length substantially the length of the ligature.
In testimony whereof he has afi'ixed his signature. a i V WALTER GEMEINHA-RDT;
US362066A 1929-05-10 1929-05-10 Ligature for reed instruments Expired - Lifetime US1801421A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2504547A (en) * 1948-05-14 1950-04-18 Legler J Edward Musical instrument
US2518616A (en) * 1947-05-23 1950-08-15 George L Herter Goose call
US3205753A (en) * 1964-09-09 1965-09-14 Robert L Luyben Ligature for reed instruments
US3564965A (en) * 1969-02-03 1971-02-23 James A Carlini Ligature for reed musical instrument
US3890873A (en) * 1974-06-12 1975-06-24 Robert L Harrison Ligature
US4745838A (en) * 1987-03-23 1988-05-24 Johnson Conrad O Reed holding device for musical instruments
US5018425A (en) * 1989-08-11 1991-05-28 Rovner Philip L Mouthpiece system for woodwind instruments
WO2018113848A1 (en) 2016-12-22 2018-06-28 Walter Lauermann Ligature for woodwind instruments

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2518616A (en) * 1947-05-23 1950-08-15 George L Herter Goose call
US2504547A (en) * 1948-05-14 1950-04-18 Legler J Edward Musical instrument
US3205753A (en) * 1964-09-09 1965-09-14 Robert L Luyben Ligature for reed instruments
US3564965A (en) * 1969-02-03 1971-02-23 James A Carlini Ligature for reed musical instrument
US3890873A (en) * 1974-06-12 1975-06-24 Robert L Harrison Ligature
US4745838A (en) * 1987-03-23 1988-05-24 Johnson Conrad O Reed holding device for musical instruments
US5018425A (en) * 1989-08-11 1991-05-28 Rovner Philip L Mouthpiece system for woodwind instruments
WO2018113848A1 (en) 2016-12-22 2018-06-28 Walter Lauermann Ligature for woodwind instruments

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