US1769153A - Rotary blower or pump - Google Patents

Rotary blower or pump Download PDF

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Publication number
US1769153A
US1769153A US25966328A US1769153A US 1769153 A US1769153 A US 1769153A US 25966328 A US25966328 A US 25966328A US 1769153 A US1769153 A US 1769153A
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Prior art keywords
casing
blower
housing
chamber
partition
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Meyer William Warren
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Meyer William Warren
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C29/00Component parts, details or accessories of pumps or pumping installations, not provided for in groups F04C18/00 - F04C28/00
    • F04C29/0092Removing solid or liquid contaminants from the gas under pumping, e.g. by filtering or deposition; Purging; Scrubbing; Cleaning
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C18/00Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C18/08Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing
    • F04C18/12Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type
    • F04C18/126Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of other than internal-axis type with radially from the rotor body extending elements, not necessarily co-operating with corresponding recesses in the other rotor, e.g. lobes, Roots type

Description

y 1930. w. w. MEYER ROTARY BLOWER OR PUMP 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 7, 1928 July 1, 1930.

w. w. MEYER 1,769,153

ROTARY BLOWER OR PUMP Filed March '7, 1928 '3 as a 2 In yenfor-J 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 1, 1930 UNITED STATES WILLIAM WARREN MEYER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS ROTARY Browns on PUMP Application filed March 7, 1928. Serial No. asaea.

' My invention relates to rotary air blowers, gas pressure pumps or vacuum pumps,.land in its general aspects aims to accomplish these objects:

(1) To provide simple and effective means .for mufiling and substantially eliminating the-usual noise of such device.

(2) To'provide simple means for eliminating the pulsations of the pumped air or othcr gas, which pulsating is due to the time intervals between the intermittent connec tions of the mechanism to the inlet and exhaust ducts.

(3) To filter the air or other gas before it reaches the-operating mechanism, thereby cleaning the emitted air or gas and also reducing the wear on the mechanism.

' (4) To provide a simple and inexpensive housing? and shaft-supporting means for a p blower or pump embodying the above mentioned features. v

- (5) To provide a housing'also arranged so as to prevent tampering with means for relieving an excess of pressure, and constructed so as to afford ready access to the pumping mechanism without a general disassembling of the blowing or pumping device.

Still further and also more detailed objects will appear from the following specification and from the accompanying drawings,

in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a rotary blower or pump embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse vertical section, taken along theline 2-2 of Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a similarly enlargedvertical and longitudinal section, taken along the line 33 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a transverse section taken through the blower or pumping chamber along the line 4-4 of Fig. 3. 1 Fig.5 is a fragmentary central, vertical and longitudinal section, taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 4. i .45

In the illustrated embodiment, I am 'showing a'blower including intermeshing impellers 1 and 2 respectively fastened to shafts 3 and 4. Each of these shafts has a gear 5 fast upon it, and the gears 'intermesh with each other, so that the single driven shaft 3 simultaneously rotates the two impellers in opposite directions, the impellers being lobular in shape and designed to intermesh along a pitch line 6 (Fig. 4).

To supportthis mechanism, I provide athree-part housing, including a central casing I integral with a base 44 and having two parallel vertical walls 45 connected intermediate of their heights by horizontal tubes 46, each of which tubes houses two spaced bearings 7 and 9 for one of the shafts. The tubes 46 are connected to each other and to the opposite side walls 47 of the central casing by a horizontal partition 48 which extends to both of the end walls 45. The upper portions of the side walls 47 desirably curve into a top 49 which arches considerably above the horizontal partition 48 and which has an outlet duct 43 leading from its top, while one of the sides 47 has an aperture 50 alining with an inlet duct 35.

The gears 5 are housed by a cup-shaped gearing casing 20 which desirably has flanges 20A bolted to the adjacent end wall 45 of the central casing. To house the impellers, I

preferably provide a cup-shaped impeller housing consisting of a tubular portion 22 having arcuate side parts respectively concentric with the two shafts 3 and 4 (as shown in Fig. 4) and having a flange 22A bolted to the adjacent casing end 45, together with a housing end 23. This housing end preferably has two outwardly directed bosses 23A, each of which houses an outboard bearing 50 for oneof the shafts.

The main casing end 45 adjacent to the impellers has .two ports respectively above and below the: horizontal partition 48, namely an inlet port itfi'leading' from the inlet chamber 39 be ow the partitmn to the interior of the impeller housing, and an outlet port 41 connecting that housing with the compression chamber 42 above the partition. Instead of having the inlet duct 35 open directly to the inlet chamber 39, I interpose a mufiier which desirably is constructed so thatit also acts as a filter for the intake air or gas. For this purpose, the drawings show a flanged tube 30 extending into the inlet (or low pressure) chamber 39 and fitted to the inlet tube 35, a pair of screens 36 and 38'stretched across longitudinally spaced portions of the tube 30, and a filling 37 (of cotton, steel wool and the like in the tube between these screens).

lVith my blower thus constructed, the air drawn through the inlet tube 35 is filtered through the filling 37 which extracts dirt and other impurities from the air, so that such impurities will not be rubbed between the impellers to cause undue wear on the latter. During the rotation of the two impellers, air is drawn through the inlet port and is forced through the outlet port 41 into the compression chamber 42 in periodic impulses. How ever, the relatively large capacity of this compression chamber in proportion to the amount of air forced into it during each pulsation and in proportion to the area of the outlet duct 43 causes the pressure in the compression chamber to equalize, so that air is forced through the outlet duct in a substantially steady stream, instead of being fed in decided puffs. The large interior capacity of the intake chamber 39 also permits this to be filled between the times when the inlet port 40 is wide open. thereby steadying the intake flow through this port into .the impeller chamber. Owing to these'pressure equalizations in the two chambers and to the mufiiing effect of the filtering packing 37, I secure a steadied and noiseless action, in striking contrast to the pulsating and noisy operation of the rotary blowers now in common use.

I also provide the partition 48 with an aperture 51 affording a direct connection between the inlet chamber 39 and the discharge (or pressure-equalizing) chamber 42. This aperture is preferably in alinement with the discharge duct 43 and is controlled by a relief valve 25 arranged so that it will open whenever the pressure in the discharge chamber exceeds that in the inlet chamber to a predetermined extent.

Heretofore, such relief valves have com monly been open to the outer air and have been disposed so that the user could readily modify the adjustment from outside the easing of the blower, thereby often tempting the user to adjust the relief valve to such a high actuating pressure as to cause an overloading of the appliance. With my arrangement, this valve is entirely encased, so that the user of the blower is neither tempted to tamper with its adjustment nor able to do this without taking the blower apart.

By placing the relief valve in alinement with the discharge duct 43, the opening in the casing top 49 aflords the needed access for boring out the aperture 51in the partition and fitting the relief valve to this, while the opening 50 in one side of the casing affords access for inserting the plunger of the valve. Consequently, I can readily make the entire main casing port-ion, including the partition 48 and the journaling tubes 46 of a single and rigid casting, to which the impeller housing 23 and the gear housing 20 are bolted after all other parts of the blower are assembled. This construction also permits ready access to the gears and-impellers by merely detaching the corresponding housings without disassembling any operative parts of the mechanism, so that my arrangement reduces the cost of manufacture as well as the operating expense.

However, I do not wishto be limited to the details of construction and arrangement here illustrated and described, since many changes might be made without departing either from the spirit of my invention or from the ap pended claims. Neither do I wish to be 1 1mited to the employment of my invention 1n a blower.

I claim as my invention i 1. In a blower or the like, a box-like main casing having two vertically spaced-ports at one end thereof, a partition extending between the said ports across the casing to divide the interior of the casing into two chambers, one of the chambers having an inlet port and the other thereof having a discharge port, two shafts extending through the casing, two intermeshing impellers respectively fast on the two shafts and disposed adjacent to the outer face of the casing wall which has the said ports, and a cup-like housing detachably mounted on the last named wall and coopcrating with that wall to house the impellers.

2. A blower or the like as per claim 1, including two j ournaling means carried by the partition and respectively j ournaling the two shafts, the cup-like housing having on its outer wall two cup-like outwardly directed ex tensions, and two outboard bearings respectively housed by the said extensions and each in journaling relation to one of the shafts.

3. In a blower or the like, a single piece box-like housing having-parallel endwalls, a partition integral with the housing and extending longitudinally of the housing from one end wall to the other, the partition having two parallel longitudinal bores opening through both end walls and spaced transversely of the said bores; a cup-shaped impeller casing detachably secured to and having its mouth end engaging one of the said end walls, the said casing having on its endward wall two cup-like formations respectively alining with the said bores; journals respectively mounted in the said bores and the said cup-like formations, and shafts each journaled jointly in journals respectively mounted in one of the said bores and one of the cup-like formations on the impeller casmg.

4. A blower or the like as per claim 3, including two ports formed inthe end wall engaged by the impeller casing at respectively opposite sides of the partition, and coacting impellers respectively fast on the two shafts, the partition having an aperture between the two bores; anda relief valve mounted on the partition and controlling the aperture.

Signed at Chicago, Illinois, March 1, 1928.

WILLIAM WARREN MEYER.

US1769153A 1928-03-07 1928-03-07 Rotary blower or pump Expired - Lifetime US1769153A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2440986A (en) * 1943-03-06 1948-05-04 Gen Motors Corp Pump
US2542863A (en) * 1945-01-09 1951-02-20 Bendix Aviat Corp Control mechanism
US2659313A (en) * 1949-05-31 1953-11-17 Frank L Carson Rotary pump
US2667046A (en) * 1951-03-07 1954-01-26 Wade Engineering Ltd Cooler for gas leaving roots blowers
US2884864A (en) * 1955-04-14 1959-05-05 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump, trapping grooves
US3089638A (en) * 1958-12-01 1963-05-14 Dresser Ind Impellers for fluid handling apparatus of the rotary positive displacement type
DE1258543B (en) * 1960-07-16 1968-01-11 Philipp Bormuth Dipl Ing Roots Blowers with Voreinstroemung in the piston chambers
US4164384A (en) * 1976-06-15 1979-08-14 Barmag Barmer Maschinenfabrik Ag Rotary vane vacuum pump with filter means for inlet
US4560329A (en) * 1983-10-20 1985-12-24 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Strainer device for rotary compressor
DE8905452U1 (en) * 1989-04-29 1989-08-10 Leybold Ag, Zweigniederlassung Koeln, 5000 Koeln, De
US4984975A (en) * 1989-01-26 1991-01-15 Thompson George A Rotary pump with cutting means
EP0458135A1 (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-11-27 Eaton Corporation Roots-type blower with improved inlet
EP0458134A1 (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-11-27 Eaton Corporation Inlet port opening for a Roots-type blower
US5131825A (en) * 1990-03-27 1992-07-21 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Multi-stage vacuum pump with reaction chamber between stages
US5173041A (en) * 1990-09-21 1992-12-22 Ebara Corporation Multistage vacuum pump with interstage solid material collector and cooling coils
US5503542A (en) * 1995-01-13 1996-04-02 Copeland Corporation Compressor assembly with welded IPR valve
US20050031322A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-02-10 David Boyle Compressor control system for a portable ventilator
US20050051168A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-03-10 Devries Douglas F. Portable ventilator system
US20050112013A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-05-26 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for reducing noise in a roots-type blower
US20050166921A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-08-04 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for attenuating compressor noise
US20060249153A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2006-11-09 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Mechanical ventilation system utilizing bias valve
US20090142213A1 (en) * 2007-12-03 2009-06-04 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Roots-type blower reduced acoustic signature method and apparatus
US20090250059A1 (en) * 2008-04-08 2009-10-08 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Flow sensor
WO2010143031A2 (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-16 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Fluid compressor and fuel cell vehicle
US8156937B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2012-04-17 Carefusion 203, Inc. Portable ventilator system
WO2017093441A1 (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-08 Ateliers Busch Sa Vacuum pump with filtering element

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2440986A (en) * 1943-03-06 1948-05-04 Gen Motors Corp Pump
US2542863A (en) * 1945-01-09 1951-02-20 Bendix Aviat Corp Control mechanism
US2659313A (en) * 1949-05-31 1953-11-17 Frank L Carson Rotary pump
US2667046A (en) * 1951-03-07 1954-01-26 Wade Engineering Ltd Cooler for gas leaving roots blowers
US2884864A (en) * 1955-04-14 1959-05-05 Borg Warner Pressure loaded pump, trapping grooves
US3089638A (en) * 1958-12-01 1963-05-14 Dresser Ind Impellers for fluid handling apparatus of the rotary positive displacement type
DE1258543B (en) * 1960-07-16 1968-01-11 Philipp Bormuth Dipl Ing Roots Blowers with Voreinstroemung in the piston chambers
US4164384A (en) * 1976-06-15 1979-08-14 Barmag Barmer Maschinenfabrik Ag Rotary vane vacuum pump with filter means for inlet
US4560329A (en) * 1983-10-20 1985-12-24 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Strainer device for rotary compressor
US4984975A (en) * 1989-01-26 1991-01-15 Thompson George A Rotary pump with cutting means
DE8905452U1 (en) * 1989-04-29 1989-08-10 Leybold Ag, Zweigniederlassung Koeln, 5000 Koeln, De
US5131825A (en) * 1990-03-27 1992-07-21 Leybold Aktiengesellschaft Multi-stage vacuum pump with reaction chamber between stages
EP0458135A1 (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-11-27 Eaton Corporation Roots-type blower with improved inlet
EP0458134A1 (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-11-27 Eaton Corporation Inlet port opening for a Roots-type blower
US5173041A (en) * 1990-09-21 1992-12-22 Ebara Corporation Multistage vacuum pump with interstage solid material collector and cooling coils
US5503542A (en) * 1995-01-13 1996-04-02 Copeland Corporation Compressor assembly with welded IPR valve
US8156937B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2012-04-17 Carefusion 203, Inc. Portable ventilator system
US20050051168A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-03-10 Devries Douglas F. Portable ventilator system
US20050112013A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-05-26 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for reducing noise in a roots-type blower
US20050166921A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-08-04 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for attenuating compressor noise
US20060249153A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2006-11-09 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Mechanical ventilation system utilizing bias valve
US7188621B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2007-03-13 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Portable ventilator system
US20050031322A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-02-10 David Boyle Compressor control system for a portable ventilator
US8677995B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2014-03-25 Carefusion 203, Inc. Compressor control system for a portable ventilator
US9126002B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2015-09-08 Carefusion 203, Inc. Mechanical ventilation system utilizing bias valve
US7607437B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2009-10-27 Cardinal Health 203, Inc. Compressor control system and method for a portable ventilator
US8683997B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2014-04-01 Carefusion 203, Inc. Portable ventilator system
US8627819B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2014-01-14 Carefusion 203, Inc. Portable ventilator system
US8297279B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2012-10-30 Carefusion 203, Inc. Portable ventilator system
US8118024B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2012-02-21 Carefusion 203, Inc. Mechanical ventilation system utilizing bias valve
US7527053B2 (en) 2003-08-04 2009-05-05 Cardinal Health 203, Inc. Method and apparatus for attenuating compressor noise
US8522780B2 (en) 2004-05-18 2013-09-03 Carefusion 203, Inc. Portable ventilator system
US20090142213A1 (en) * 2007-12-03 2009-06-04 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Roots-type blower reduced acoustic signature method and apparatus
US7997885B2 (en) 2007-12-03 2011-08-16 Carefusion 303, Inc. Roots-type blower reduced acoustic signature method and apparatus
US8888711B2 (en) 2008-04-08 2014-11-18 Carefusion 203, Inc. Flow sensor
US9713438B2 (en) 2008-04-08 2017-07-25 Carefusion 203, Inc. Flow sensor
US20090250059A1 (en) * 2008-04-08 2009-10-08 Pulmonetic Systems, Inc. Flow sensor
US9375166B2 (en) 2008-04-08 2016-06-28 Carefusion 203, Inc. Flow sensor
CN104088789A (en) * 2009-06-10 2014-10-08 丰田自动车株式会社 Fluid compressor and fuel cell vehicle
US9905865B2 (en) 2009-06-10 2018-02-27 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Fluid compressor and fuel cell vehicle
CN104088789B (en) * 2009-06-10 2016-12-07 丰田自动车株式会社 Fluid compressor and the fuel cell vehicle
WO2010143031A3 (en) * 2009-06-10 2011-05-12 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Fluid compressor and fuel cell vehicle
WO2010143031A2 (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-16 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Fluid compressor and fuel cell vehicle
WO2017093441A1 (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-08 Ateliers Busch Sa Vacuum pump with filtering element
WO2017092795A1 (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-08 Ateliers Busch S.A. Vacuum pump with filtering element

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