US1766445A - Method and apparatus for treating food materials - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for treating food materials Download PDF

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Publication number
US1766445A
US1766445A US303004A US30300428A US1766445A US 1766445 A US1766445 A US 1766445A US 303004 A US303004 A US 303004A US 30300428 A US30300428 A US 30300428A US 1766445 A US1766445 A US 1766445A
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cylinder
heat
food products
apparatus
method
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US303004A
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Eugene H Mckay
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Kellogg Co
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Kellogg Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B11/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive
    • F26B11/02Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive in moving drums or other mainly-closed receptacles
    • F26B11/028Arrangements for the supply or exhaust of gaseous drying medium for direct heat transfer, e.g. perforated tubes, annular passages, burner arrangements, dust separation, combined direct and indirect heating

Description

June 24, 1930. E. H. MCKAY 1,756,445

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATING FOOD MATERIALS Filed Aug. 50, 1928 Patented .lune 24, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I EUGENE H. MCKAY, oE BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN, AssIGNoE To KELLoGG COMPANY,

' 0E BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN, A CORPORATION 0E DELAWARE METHOD AND .APPARATUS FOR TREA'IING FOOD MATERIALS Application led August 30, 1928. Serial No. 303,004.

This invention pertains to certain new and useful improvements in the treatment of food and in rotary toasting, crisping, or,

pufing ovens suitable for carrying out the treatment or method.

It has as its object the toasting or crisping of cereal foods or other similar products in an improved fashion, wherein a more sensitive control of the process is possible,

together with greater economy of operation.

The above objects are attained through the elimination of the external stationary shell common to the usual type of rotary toasting ovens. In lieu thereof, the rotating cylinder is covered with heat insulating material, and heat is provided by means of a longitudinal gas burner extending through the cylinder.

These modifications in construction permitmore sensitive control of the oven, be

cause of the smallerl quantity of hot gases and construction material in the oven, thus reducing the heat retaining power of the oven and permitting more rapid changes in temperature. They further increase the thermal eiiiciency of the oven by reducing the area of surface exposed-to the atmosphere.

In order to make clear the nature of this rotary toasting oven, reference should be ing part of thisspecification, in which likeA reference numerals indicate dierent figures:-

Figure 1 is a longitudinal section.

Figure 2 is an end elevation looking at the right hand end of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a vertical section on the line 3 3 in Figure l.

The oven consists of a rotary cylinder (l) mounted at the discharge end on gudgeon (2) and at the intake end on circular track (3). The circular track (3) is supported by rollers (4). The cylinder is driven by. pinion (5) driving ring gear (6) which is solidly fastened to the cylinder (1). s Pinion (5) may be driven by any suitable means, as by drive chain (7), which 50 is driven by any suitable power source (8).

The oven is heated by means of gas issuing from a suitable burner (9), controlled by gas valve (10). The burner (9) is located in a stationary position within the cylinder (l), and receives its gas supply by means of a pipe leading through a central hole in gudgeon (2). Taste gases and vapors Vare removed through vent pipe (11). Loss of heat from cylinder is prevented by suitable heat insulating material (12) 'which is 60 -held in place by a light sheet metal retainva suitable slope toward'the discharge end, 75

the food travels through the cylinder toward the discharge end, finally issuing from the oven through discharge ports (16) in the end of the cylinder. The toasted food iiows down the delivery chute ('17) onto any @80 suitable conveyor (18),` which 4carries the food to its destination.

From the foregoing description of an apparatus suitable for carrying the invention into effect, it will be seen that the burner (9) serves not only to subject the food products to direct radiation of heat but it also keeps the inner wall of the cylinder (1) heated, and thereby applies yindirect heat to the food products when they conlile in contact with said heated moving wa In short, the food products are treated to direct or radiant heat when they are at the 95 bottom of the cylinder. t the same time, they receive indirect heat from their contact with the cylinder wall. Finally, they are lifted by the longitudinal flights (14) y which serve to lift the food up toward the 10( burners and then let the same drop back through the heated zone.

What is claimed as new is:

1. method of treating food products which consists in heating a traveling surface, thereafter bringing the food products into contact wi said heated surface, and simultaneously subjecting the food products to the action of radiant heat.

2. A method of treating food products which consists in supplying heat to a traveling heat conducting surface, bringing food products into contact with said heating surface as it travels and subjecting said food products to the action of radiant heat While in contact with said moving surface.

3. A method of treating food products which consists in supplying heat to a traveling heat conducting surface, -bringing food products into contact with said heating surface as it travels and subjecting said food products to the action of radiant heat While in contact with said moving surface, and thereafter passing said food products through a heating zone.

4. A rotary toasting, crisping, or puffing oven comprising a revolvable cylinder provided With external heat-insulating material carried by and moving therewith, said cylinder being provided with a source of heat located internally thereof.

5. A device fortoasting, crisping, or puffing food comprising an inclined rotary cylinder provided With external heat-insulating material and having a standard source of heat therein, means for removing Waste gases and vapors from said cylinder and means for supplying material to and removing it from said cylinder.

6. A rotary toasting, crisping, or puing apparatus having a traveling metal conveyor insulated on one side, means for heating said conveyor, means for thereafter sup-D lying food products to said heating surace and simultaneously subjecting them to the action of radiant heat, and means for thereafter causing said food products to drop through a heated. zone.

7 A device for toasting, crisping, or puffing food comprising an inclined rotary metal cylinder having a lining of heat insulating material and a source of heat therein, means to supply material to one end of said cylinder and to convey same to the other end for removal, and means to subject said material to direct radiation of heat in the cylinder and to indirect heat of the inner wall of the cylinder.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.

EUGENE H? MCKABY.

US303004A 1928-08-30 1928-08-30 Method and apparatus for treating food materials Expired - Lifetime US1766445A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3235340A (en) * 1960-03-09 1966-02-15 Sueddeutsche Kalkstickstoff Rotary kiln for the manufacture of white calcium cyanamide
US3718322A (en) * 1971-07-12 1973-02-27 Mix Mill Inc Heat treating system for grains and legumes
US3745909A (en) * 1971-09-23 1973-07-17 Lassen Foods Inc Cereal toasting oven
US4073225A (en) * 1976-12-17 1978-02-14 N.P.I. Corporation Rocking meatball cooker
US4103605A (en) * 1977-01-17 1978-08-01 N.P.I. Corporation Meatball cooker

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3235340A (en) * 1960-03-09 1966-02-15 Sueddeutsche Kalkstickstoff Rotary kiln for the manufacture of white calcium cyanamide
US3718322A (en) * 1971-07-12 1973-02-27 Mix Mill Inc Heat treating system for grains and legumes
US3745909A (en) * 1971-09-23 1973-07-17 Lassen Foods Inc Cereal toasting oven
US4073225A (en) * 1976-12-17 1978-02-14 N.P.I. Corporation Rocking meatball cooker
US4103605A (en) * 1977-01-17 1978-08-01 N.P.I. Corporation Meatball cooker

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