US1766098A - Apparatus for forming cup-shaped members - Google Patents

Apparatus for forming cup-shaped members Download PDF

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Publication number
US1766098A
US1766098A US18834027A US1766098A US 1766098 A US1766098 A US 1766098A US 18834027 A US18834027 A US 18834027A US 1766098 A US1766098 A US 1766098A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
die
cup
shaped member
shaped
apparatus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
William N Booth
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
KELSEY HAYES WHEEL CORP
KELSEY-HAYES WHEEL Corp
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KELSEY HAYES WHEEL CORP
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D26/00Shaping without cutting otherwise than using rigid devices or tools or yieldable or resilient pads, i.e. applying fluid pressure or magnetic forces
    • B21D26/02Shaping without cutting otherwise than using rigid devices or tools or yieldable or resilient pads, i.e. applying fluid pressure or magnetic forces by applying fluid pressure
    • B21D26/033Deforming tubular bodies
    • B21D26/039Means for controlling the clamping or opening of the moulds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D26/00Shaping without cutting otherwise than using rigid devices or tools or yieldable or resilient pads, i.e. applying fluid pressure or magnetic forces
    • B21D26/02Shaping without cutting otherwise than using rigid devices or tools or yieldable or resilient pads, i.e. applying fluid pressure or magnetic forces by applying fluid pressure
    • B21D26/033Deforming tubular bodies
    • B21D26/047Mould construction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D45/00Ejecting or stripping-off devices arranged in machines or tools dealt with in this subclass
    • B21D45/02Ejecting devices

Description

' June 24, 1930. `w. N., Boor-H 756093 l APPARATUS-FOREORMING CUP SHAPED MEMBERS Filed May 2, 1927 '.2 sheets-sheet 1 f A A June 24, 1930.` w. N. BOOTH y 1,766,098 Q APPARATUS Fon FORMING CUP SHAPD MEMBERS u Filed Maya, 19? 2 sheets-sheet '2 h r f Wim 4l/m 2 l a A j" 2z 3u nt :f5 I Y y L \W///////////// my f,

A uli i9 /7 45 lowermost positions, as determined by PatentedvJune 24, 19360 l A UNITED lfslxras 1 PAIjrNr -O-Frlca f WILLIAM N. BOO'III, ois-DETROIT; uIcHIGAN, AssIGNOn 'ro Kansai-HAYES wnnm. CORPORATION, or DETROIT, MICHIGAN, -A CORPORATIONOF NEW YORK AIIuuaArus ron rOnIIING cur-SHAPED mammina Applimition villcll Hay 2i, 1927. Serial No. 188,340.

The invention relates to the manufacture of cup-shaped members and refers particularly to the apparatus for forming cup-shaped members. One of the objects of the inven-` '5 tion is to so construct the apparatus ythat the -cup-shaped members are expanded by liquid therewithin. Another object is to construct the `apparatus with vrelatively movable die sections :which'determine in one position the m contour ofthe cup-shaped members and 'which also permit of the removal of the cupshaped members after. being formed. Further objects of the invention reside in the novel features of'constructionand combina-l Vn, tions and arrangements of parts as more y 20 invention;

. Figures 3 and 4l are cross sections respec-I ltively on the lines 3-3 and 4-4 of Figure 2.

The apparatus herewith shown is designed f particularly to form-the front sections of g5 wire wheel hub shells and has the stationary die shoe 1 within which the die holder2 is vertically slidable. Fdr maintaining the base of the die holder normally spaced above the base of the die shoe, I have lprovided the 30 rubber pad 3 which is locatedbelow the die shoe 'and the vertical rods 4 extending through the base of the die shoe and abuting at their lower ends the pad and at their upper endsthebase of Ithe'die'holder. 5 is 35 the sectional die comprisingA the. annular series of die sections 6 having outer inclined faces 7 for slidably engaging downwardly and inwardly inclined inner faces 8 upon the die holder 2. These die ksections have co- 40 yoperating horizontal wedge-shaped inner ends 9 each having an inner face corre'- sponding to the desired -completed contour of the upper' part of the cup-shaped member 10. When these die ,sections are in their t e stops 11 upon the base of the die holder 2 and engageable with the lower ends of the die sectionsthe inner lends of the die sections form a continuous die` with a continuous :50 inner *face 12 is a second die support-ed upon the base of the `die shoe 1 and concentrically of the sectional die 5,.this second die being adapted to-extend upwardly within the sectional die and having an upperl face corresponding to the contour of the remain- 'ing lower part of the cup-shaped member.

The cup-shaped member 10 when placed Within the apparatus has, as shown in` Figure 1, the vbottom 13, the main cylindrical portion 14 connecting, into the bottom, the outwardly and upwardly annular flared portion 1 5 connecting into the main cylindrical portion and the enlarged cylindrical portion 16 connecting into the iared portion. The die sections 6 at this time are held in elevated position and separated vfrom each other by means of thev pad 3 acting through the vrods 4 and the flared portion 15 of the. ycup-shaped member 'engages and is supn ported by the correspondingly dared shoulders- 17 upon the die sections. Vlin the present instance the cup-shaped lmember when placed within the apparatus is iilled with .a predetermined amount of liquid yauch as oil, this-amount being sufficient to expand. the cup-shaped member against the die sections 6 and die 12. 18 is a holder suitably secured to a vertically reciprocable ram of a press. 19. are pins carried bythe holder and vertically reciprocable relative Ithereto, these pins #being yieldably forced downwardly relative to the holder by thecoil springs 20. The pins are" so located that therev is one pin engageable with the upper end of each die section 6.

`As shown, each pin is slidably mounted in the, bushing 21 secured to the holder, this bushing projecting downwardly. below the holder and having the diametrically opposite slots 22 terminatin short of the lower end ofthel bushing and engageableby the ends of the transverse pm 23 extending through the pin 19. The bushing also receives a coil spring 20. 24 is a plunger secured to the holder l18 and having the mainf cylindrical portion 25 for fitting the venlargedy cylindrical portion 16 of the cupshaped member, the tapered annular shoul der 26 for fitting the flared portion 15 of the cup-shaped member and the reduced cylinp drical portion 27 'for fitting the main cylindrical portion 14 of the cup-shaped member, as shown in Figure 2 of the drawings, the

lower portion 28 of thel punch is adapted to '5. enga e the bottom 13 .of the cup-shaped mem r land to cooperate with the die 12 to serve the central portion of the bottom from the remaining'partof the cup and form the hubcap hole. v v

In operation and with'the parts as shownin Figure 1, downward movement of. the ramv and the holder- 18 first carries `the die Asections 6'downward1yltotheir lowermost l-member ,o cylindrical portion 27 lof the mil'member` to move outwardly a ainst the in'- ner face of the lower part of t e cup-shaped member to expand the same against -the diev sections 6 an die 12. Then the lower end of the plunger 24 contacts with the bottom so ofthe cup-shaped 'member and severs the central portion thereof. This central portion however,V is not rcompletely removed from the remainingpart of the bottom so that the liquid can escape. Q The cup-shaped member is lnow completely fashioned and s moval of f -.10 provided the knock out pin 29v whichex.-y

.collar 30 engageable with the central porma be removed `and the central portion of ,its ttom knocked out. f' f For the lpurpose of facilitating the ree cup-shaped member, I have tendsaxially through the die 12 and `is provided at vits upper end with the knock out -tion of the bottom of the cup-shaped member. lThe knockio'u'tpin 29,'.is actuated by' he ram upon its upward movement by suitable means such`X as they pull bars 31 con-f ne'cted ,to the ram and the cross'barf32 connected to the pull bars and' knock out pin.

As a result, u ward 'movement 'of the ram' first ermits t e die' sections 6 to ymove up.

,ward y under'the influence of the Lpad 3. Then the'knock out pin 'is pulled upwardly turn :lightly raises t to raise the cup-shaped member which in e die sections to `provide cient clearance for" the cup-shaped member to pass, upwardly therethrough.y After; the -cup-shaped o member has passed u"wardly therethroughfthese die sections 00 t en gravitate back to their ositions determined b \the-pad 3- Aand t e apparatus is noworea y to ireceive another cup-shaped 'WhatI-Lclaim. as my invention is shaped members, for receiving a cu -shaped member, #of means engageable wlthin "said cu` -shaped member for forcing liquid outwardy thereagainst to expand the same, and means for a portion from the bottom of the shearing cup-shaped member.

theY combination with a die 2. In an apparatus. for 'forming'l cip- .I

the combination wit shaped members,

-shaped member, of

for receiving a `cu means -engageable :within said cu member for forcing liquid outward y thereagainst to expand the same, and means acfor tuated by saidirst-mentioned means subsequentl severing a portion'from the bottom of t e cup-shaped member.

-shaped ist 3. In an apparatus for forming cupshaped members, the combination with a diefor receiving a cup-'shaped member, of

haped" 'si aplunger engageable within the cu member for orcing'liquid outwar y thereagainst to expand the same, said plunger "also being operable .to shear aportion from the bottom of the cup-shaped member.

shaped members, the vvcombination with a die for receiving'a cup-shaped member, of

4. In an apparatus for forming cupa plunger engageable within the cup-shaped' member for forcing liquid outwardy thereagainst to expand the same, landfor 'shearing a portion from the bottom of the cupshapedmember.v i

, 5. In an apparatus for forming cup-y" shaped members, -the combination with a.

die `couple `c omprisin a movable sectional die, the sections Aof w ich constitute a part of the ywhole of the-.contour 'of the cup` shaped member, a second die forming a wall, corresponding ,to the remaining part ofthe desired contour of the completed cup-shaped /mem'ber, .means engageable within the clpshaped member for forcing liquid outwar y .thereagainst to expand the same against said dies, and means cooperating with said second die to shear a portion from the bottom of the cup-shaped member.

\6. Inan apparatus for forming cu shaped members, the combinationl with a 'e couple comprising a movable-sectional die, the sections of which constitute ay continuous lWall corresponding to part of the desired contoul ofthe completed cup-shaped member, of a holder movable'tward and away from said-,.die, means carried by said holder 120 for yieldably moving said sections to a pos1t1on forming a 'continuouswalh and means carriedby said holder for subsequently orcin'gliquidf outwardly against the cup-shaped member'to" expand the same against said sections.

7. In an apparatus for `forming vcupshaped members, the combination with a die couple comprising a movable sectional die, the sections of which constitute a continuous wall corresponding tofpart ofthe desired las isc'

contour of the completed cup-shaped member,` of a reclprocable holder movable toward and away from said sections, means carried by said holder including a spring pressed member for moving said sections to a position forming a continuous wall upon movement of said holder toward said sections, a plunger carried by said holder and engageable within the, cup-shaped member for forcing liquid outwardly thereagainst to expand the same against said sections when in a position forming a continuous wall, and means actuated by said holder for ejec'ting the cupshaped member and lthereby moving said sections in the oppositeY direction return movement of saidv holder. f-

8. In an apparatus for forming cupl shaped members, the combination with a 4 in one, direction for forcing liquid outwardlyl sectional ,die for receiving a cup-shaped member, of a reciprocable plunger movable against the walls ofsaid cup-shaped member to expand the same against the walls of said die, and means operated-by saidplunger during; its movement in the opposite direction for moving the sectionsof the die away fromthe cup-shaped member and for automati-- cup-shaped member from cally ejectingthe the die.

9. In an apparatus for forming cupshaped members, the combination with a die v couple comprising a movable sectional die,l

the sections of which constitutea part of the whole olf the contour of a cup-shaped memvat ber, and a second die-forming the remaimn part of the desired contour ofthe complete cup-shaped member,an injector member and a plunger o erable when moved in one dif r' tion for orcing liquid .outwardly against fthe cup-shaped member xto expand the same i Fon " shaped members, the combination with die cup-shaped member and fior ejecting the cupsliaped member trom the sectional die.

11.. In an 'apparatus for 4lorining oupi shaped members, the combination with a die couple'comprising a movable section die, the

sectionsoi said die capable of movement relative to each other and when in operative position constitute a part oi' the whole of thecontour of a cup-shaped member and a second die forming the remaining 'part of In testimony whereof Iaix my signature;

WILLIAM N. BOOTH.

. too

agit-mst said dies and operable ,when moved in the opposite direction to actuate said ejector'member for moving the sections of the.

sectional die away from the cup-shaped member and for ejecting the cup-shaped member from the sectional' die. j

10. In an apparatus ifor forming cupshaped members, Athe combination with a die couple comprising a movable sectional die,

the sections ofwhicli constitute a continuous side Wall corresponding/to part of the-desirecl contour of the completedcupsliaped .member, and a second die forming a bottom wall of the cup-shaped member, an ejector member extending through 'the second die and engageable with the bottom wall ofthe cup-shaped member, 4and a, reeiprocable plunger ymovable in one direction for forcing liquid outwardly against the cup-shaped member to expand the same against said dies and operable when moved inthe! opposite direction to effect a .corresponding move ment ofthe ejector member for-"moving the sections of the sectional dieaway from the no l 'inc

. $5., the desired contour of tbe completed cup-

US1766098A 1927-05-02 1927-05-02 Apparatus for forming cup-shaped members Expired - Lifetime US1766098A (en)

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445803A (en) * 1945-10-22 1948-07-27 George D Rogers Method of expanding hydraulic rivets by increments of internal pressure
US2478102A (en) * 1944-12-26 1949-08-02 Parker Appliance Co Fluid pressure apparatus for successively clamping and deforming tube ends
US2493053A (en) * 1947-08-09 1950-01-03 Zatyko Frank Method of making pulleys
US2540688A (en) * 1947-10-03 1951-02-06 Automatic Elect Lab Method of manufacturing bearings
US2544447A (en) * 1944-11-24 1951-03-06 Curtiss Wright Corp Apparatus for producing shaped sections
US2592867A (en) * 1944-10-04 1952-04-15 Cuq Pierre Device for cold shaping hollow articles
US2688297A (en) * 1949-05-16 1954-09-07 Tubing Seal Cap Inc Method of making one-piece hollow doorknobs
US2849788A (en) * 1952-08-02 1958-09-02 A V Roe Canada Ltd Method and apparatus for making hollow blades
US2929345A (en) * 1950-01-03 1960-03-22 Sr Frank Zatyko Method for making sheet metal v-pulleys
US2972971A (en) * 1955-07-18 1961-02-28 Hillgren Mfg Company Method of drawing door knobs
US3124090A (en) * 1964-03-10 Zatykq
US3381515A (en) * 1965-11-01 1968-05-07 Huck Mfg Co Cold forming die construction
US3434325A (en) * 1964-11-27 1969-03-25 Aluminium Francais Apparatus for the manufacture of caps from sheet material
US3592034A (en) * 1968-10-21 1971-07-13 Vsi Corp Apparatus for forming articles
US4420283A (en) * 1980-09-29 1983-12-13 Thomassen & Drijver-Verblifa N.V. Method of forming an outwardly inverted peripheral edge on a preformed metal lid
US4666389A (en) * 1985-01-25 1987-05-19 The Texas A&M University System Apparatus for forming compacts from solid particles
US5022135A (en) * 1987-12-07 1991-06-11 Brazeway, Inc. Method of manufacturing a fluid conduit having exterior detail
US5606887A (en) * 1995-06-02 1997-03-04 Tulip Corporation Apparatus and method for cold forming an L-shaped lead alloy battery terminal
US5632173A (en) * 1995-05-17 1997-05-27 Tulip Corporation Apparatus and method for cold forming a ring on a lead alloy battery terminal
US5655400A (en) * 1995-06-02 1997-08-12 Tulip Corporation Progressive die apparatus and method for making a lead alloy battery terminal
US5791183A (en) * 1995-05-17 1998-08-11 Tulip Corporation Apparatus and method for cold forming a ring on a lead alloy battery terminal including an anti-torque structure
US5916317A (en) * 1996-01-04 1999-06-29 Ball Corporation Metal container body shaping/embossing
US6079244A (en) * 1996-01-04 2000-06-27 Ball Corporation Method and apparatus for reshaping a container body
US6250121B1 (en) * 1999-04-09 2001-06-26 Aida Engineering Co., Ltd. Method for molding metal using high fluid pressure
US20020033038A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2002-03-21 Yao-Tser Liu Die block apparatus for shaping workpieces
US20030224248A1 (en) * 2002-06-04 2003-12-04 Tulip Corporation Cold formed battery terminal
US20070107369A1 (en) * 2005-11-05 2007-05-17 Trakloc International, Llc Method of production of joining profiles for structural members
US20090293405A1 (en) * 2005-11-05 2009-12-03 Andrews William J Method of production of joining profiles for structural members
US20100293888A1 (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-25 William Andrews Vertical deflection extension end member
US20140165684A1 (en) * 2011-08-19 2014-06-19 Magna International Inc. Self-compensating retractable insert for high-temperature forming tools
US20150020566A1 (en) * 2011-10-07 2015-01-22 Mahle International Gmbh Forging device for the production of a piston blank, and method for the production of the piston blank by means of said forging device

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3124090A (en) * 1964-03-10 Zatykq
US2592867A (en) * 1944-10-04 1952-04-15 Cuq Pierre Device for cold shaping hollow articles
US2544447A (en) * 1944-11-24 1951-03-06 Curtiss Wright Corp Apparatus for producing shaped sections
US2478102A (en) * 1944-12-26 1949-08-02 Parker Appliance Co Fluid pressure apparatus for successively clamping and deforming tube ends
US2445803A (en) * 1945-10-22 1948-07-27 George D Rogers Method of expanding hydraulic rivets by increments of internal pressure
US2493053A (en) * 1947-08-09 1950-01-03 Zatyko Frank Method of making pulleys
US2540688A (en) * 1947-10-03 1951-02-06 Automatic Elect Lab Method of manufacturing bearings
US2688297A (en) * 1949-05-16 1954-09-07 Tubing Seal Cap Inc Method of making one-piece hollow doorknobs
US2929345A (en) * 1950-01-03 1960-03-22 Sr Frank Zatyko Method for making sheet metal v-pulleys
US2849788A (en) * 1952-08-02 1958-09-02 A V Roe Canada Ltd Method and apparatus for making hollow blades
US2972971A (en) * 1955-07-18 1961-02-28 Hillgren Mfg Company Method of drawing door knobs
US3434325A (en) * 1964-11-27 1969-03-25 Aluminium Francais Apparatus for the manufacture of caps from sheet material
US3381515A (en) * 1965-11-01 1968-05-07 Huck Mfg Co Cold forming die construction
US3592034A (en) * 1968-10-21 1971-07-13 Vsi Corp Apparatus for forming articles
US4420283A (en) * 1980-09-29 1983-12-13 Thomassen & Drijver-Verblifa N.V. Method of forming an outwardly inverted peripheral edge on a preformed metal lid
US4666389A (en) * 1985-01-25 1987-05-19 The Texas A&M University System Apparatus for forming compacts from solid particles
US5022135A (en) * 1987-12-07 1991-06-11 Brazeway, Inc. Method of manufacturing a fluid conduit having exterior detail
US5632173A (en) * 1995-05-17 1997-05-27 Tulip Corporation Apparatus and method for cold forming a ring on a lead alloy battery terminal
US5791183A (en) * 1995-05-17 1998-08-11 Tulip Corporation Apparatus and method for cold forming a ring on a lead alloy battery terminal including an anti-torque structure
US5606887A (en) * 1995-06-02 1997-03-04 Tulip Corporation Apparatus and method for cold forming an L-shaped lead alloy battery terminal
US5655400A (en) * 1995-06-02 1997-08-12 Tulip Corporation Progressive die apparatus and method for making a lead alloy battery terminal
US6079244A (en) * 1996-01-04 2000-06-27 Ball Corporation Method and apparatus for reshaping a container body
US5916317A (en) * 1996-01-04 1999-06-29 Ball Corporation Metal container body shaping/embossing
US6250121B1 (en) * 1999-04-09 2001-06-26 Aida Engineering Co., Ltd. Method for molding metal using high fluid pressure
US6477883B2 (en) * 2000-09-19 2002-11-12 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Die block apparatus for shaping workpieces
US20020033038A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2002-03-21 Yao-Tser Liu Die block apparatus for shaping workpieces
US7641100B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2010-01-05 Tulip Corporation Cold formed battery terminal
US20030224248A1 (en) * 2002-06-04 2003-12-04 Tulip Corporation Cold formed battery terminal
US20060068279A1 (en) * 2002-06-04 2006-03-30 Tulip Corporation Cold formed battery terminal
US7163763B2 (en) 2002-06-04 2007-01-16 Tulip Corporation Cold formed battery terminal
US20070107369A1 (en) * 2005-11-05 2007-05-17 Trakloc International, Llc Method of production of joining profiles for structural members
US20090293405A1 (en) * 2005-11-05 2009-12-03 Andrews William J Method of production of joining profiles for structural members
US7594331B2 (en) * 2005-11-05 2009-09-29 Wiltin Pty. Ltd. Method of production of joining profiles for structural members
US20100293888A1 (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-25 William Andrews Vertical deflection extension end member
US8061099B2 (en) 2009-05-19 2011-11-22 Tsf Systems, Llc Vertical deflection extension end member
US20140165684A1 (en) * 2011-08-19 2014-06-19 Magna International Inc. Self-compensating retractable insert for high-temperature forming tools
US8919164B2 (en) * 2011-08-19 2014-12-30 Magna International Inc. Self-compensating retractable insert for high-temperature forming tools
US20150020566A1 (en) * 2011-10-07 2015-01-22 Mahle International Gmbh Forging device for the production of a piston blank, and method for the production of the piston blank by means of said forging device
US9782823B2 (en) * 2011-10-07 2017-10-10 Mahle International Gmbh Forging device for the production of a piston blank, and method for the production of the piston blank by means of said forging device

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