US1760071A - Centrifugal separator - Google Patents

Centrifugal separator Download PDF

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Publication number
US1760071A
US1760071A US136128A US13612826A US1760071A US 1760071 A US1760071 A US 1760071A US 136128 A US136128 A US 136128A US 13612826 A US13612826 A US 13612826A US 1760071 A US1760071 A US 1760071A
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Prior art keywords
bowl
yeast
separator
discharge
blade
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Expired - Lifetime
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US136128A
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Koepke Henry George
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Standard Brands Inc
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Standard Brands Inc
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Priority to US136128A priority Critical patent/US1760071A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/04Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles with inserted separating walls
    • B04B1/08Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles with inserted separating walls of conical shape

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  • My invention relates to centrifugal se arators .of the dischargel nozzle conical isc type, primarily constructed for the separation of yeast from most of the associated liquids in which it has been' propagated.
  • the bowl base 16 and the Figure l is a view partly in elevation 'and p partly vin vertical section;
  • Fig. 2 is a plan' view of 'the bowl top
  • Fig. 3 is a plan view of the top of the tubular shaft and its conical lower end;
  • Fig. 6 is a bottom view ofpart of the bowl and in the lower ends of these ducts vare se cured the yeast dischar e nozzle 22.
  • This ring I have altered by providing :four small strips 25, Figs. 1 and 5,1n the'up er part of the ring to make the connection etween the bowl s ell and bowl more secure.
  • bowl spindle i owl shell each has a l ent adjacent the outlets.
  • the bowl shell is provided with ribs 26 whose narrower upper. end is bevelled at 27, and from the second slope of the shell to about the level of the edge of the second disc, so that the separated liquid or beer between the hood and second disc will be free for relative circular movement at this point, unhindered by the upper end of the ribs 27 beyond this point.
  • the neck 29 has in its top plate 32 an increased number of discharge outlets as compared Awith separators of previously usual construction (advantageously 12 outlets may be provided) and these outlets, in my improved construction, are provided with vertical tubes 31 set in and extending belowthe top plate 32, so that they properly regulate vthe discharge and tend to minimize or substantially obviate any jet eifect adj acent the discharge outlets which jet effect, if present, would extend down into the liquid so as to entrain unseparated yeast which might be pres- In the absence of an appreciable jet eect, with my new construction, such yeast is left free to move toward the periphery of the bowl shell and settle down to the yeast tubes, thus increasing the efficiency of separation of yeast from associated liquid.
  • the neck 29 is screw-threaded in the tubular top 28 of the hood.
  • the neck 29 terminates at its lower end in an angle of approximately and in connection with the upper portion of the hood 28 forms a pocket or trap which assists in properly retarding the outflow of wort and in retaining yeast that passes the discs.
  • the tubular shaft 19 is provided on its exterior with a plurality of longitudinal ribs 34, suitablyl7 three in number as shown, which are smoot and have their upper ends bevelled at 35, the slope being approximately a continuation of the slope of the upper separator disc, thereby avoiding the fan effect;
  • the so-called discs 36 are in reality cones, as usual, having on them six spacers 37 and outwardly turned horizontal outer bottom edges 38, and at their inwardly turned upper edges 39 are provided with a 'plurality of notches 40 corresponding in number and arrangement to the ribs 34.4 These edges 39 are bent downwardly, preferably at an angle of 45 to the horizontal. These Adownwardly bent inner edges cause the beer lto makepa sharp turn, decrease the speed of flow at this point and permit any entrained heavier yeast to more readily move under the centrifugal ⁇ action against the inclined wall of the upper one of two adjacent discs and settle toward the bottom of the bowl to pass out through the yeast tubes. f
  • the upper disc 36 is also provided with spacers 37 on its upper surface, and has secured thereon between it and the bowl .
  • shell 24 a vertical ring 4l whose lower and upper edges are preferably but not necessarily bevelled in accordance with the slopes of the upper disc and the bowl shell and assist in Vpreventing yeast from vpassing out-with the beer, should the separator be overcharged and help to keep the liquid at a given speed in accordance wth'the speed of the bowl.
  • This ring 41 is held in place by rivets which secure it to the top disc and at its lower edge is preferably soldered or otherwise secured to the disc in a liquid tight joint.
  • the overturn'43 of lthe blade 42 has a curvature such that the arching is greatest, i. e. of greater radius of curvature near the top and center of the propeller where the /two oppositely directed blades meet in a notch.
  • eachv blade has a curvature of the cross section of eachv blade.
  • the curvature of the cross section of eachv blade is such that the radii of curvature. in the overturned portions of the blade decrease toward the bottom of the blade, so that the passage of the liquid downward along the blade is conical.
  • the blade also differs from the known type in that the lateral edges of the blades at the extreme periphery are vertical or nearly so V 101il at 44, Fig. 9, and also before the blade begins to curl as at 45.
  • the general slope of the triangular contour or blade sides is greater, i. e. makes a steeper angle with the horizontal, than heretofore.”
  • the bowl moves in the direction ⁇ of the arrow b and in addition to the usual radially directed yeast tubes 21 I use an additional tube 46 inclined to the tube 21, there being preferably butl not necessarily one such inclined tube 46 adjacent each radial tube 21, or I may dispense with the radial tubes and use only the inclined tubes 46 equally spaced.
  • These tubes may have any desired angle to a radius, the limit being tangentialto the direction of movement, so that a positive pressure is maintained on the yeast to produce a higher pressure discharge, which elimlinates clogging of the tubes and nozzles. They have a scoopin action in receiving the yeast that has settled or separated at the edge of the bowl.
  • a centrifugal separator of the discharge nozzle type the combination with a central supply tube having a plurality of longitudinal ribs thereon; of a series of conland bowl shell, a neck having a fian e screwthreaded in the top of the bowl s ell land whose lower end is bevelled to form a re-entrant angle with such top.
  • centrifugal separator of the dis- ⁇ charge nozzle type dischargey outlets at the top of the bowl neck, said outlets being provided with 'downwardly extending vertical conduits extending down into the space within thebowl neck.v Y 5.
  • a centrifugal separator of the discharge nozzle type a plurality of vertical conduits extending downwardly from an outlet in the top of the bowl neck and through which li uid may pass in the normal operation of t e separator to the outlet from a zone a short distance below the same.
  • a propeller comprising two blades'each having an edge portion o verturne overturn being curved, .and the edge of the at about midway of its length, the l plane through the tangent point of the blade and its overturn.
  • a centrifugal separator of the discharge nozzletype a propeller having two propelling blades curled in opposite directions and Wardly.
  • a centrifugal separator of the dis- .charge nozzle type a propeller having two alined propelling blades with a vvertical notch between them, each blade terminating at its extreme peripheral edge vertically, and each blade having a larger entrance than discharge formed by the conically curled middle portion of the blade.

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  • Centrifugal Separators (AREA)

Description

May 27, 1.930. H. G. KOEPKE u l 1,760,071
GENTRIFUGAL SEPARATVOR Filed sept.1'r, 192e 2 sheets-shea 1 v www,
May 27, 1930. H. G. KoPKE 1,760,071
GENTRIFUGA'L SEPARATOR Filed Sept. 17, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheei'l 2 Patented May 27, 1930 vUNITED STATES PATENT vOFFICE HENRY GEORGE KOEPKE, F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS,y ASSIGNOI-R, BY ASSIGNMENTS; TO STANDARD BRANDS INCORPORATED, OF DOVER, DELAWARE, A COBPOBA'DIONOF DELAWARE CENTRIF'UGAL SEPARATOR Application led September 17, 1926. Serial No. 136,128.
My invention relates to centrifugal se arators .of the dischargel nozzle conical isc type, primarily constructed for the separation of yeast from most of the associated liquids in which it has been' propagated.
`sus
The speed of such separators cannot well be increased beyond that now generally used,
l namely close to 5, 000 R.\P. M., nor is it, for
practical reasons, advisable to increase the 1o size of such separators which now require two men to handle some of the parts, but it is desirable to increase the eiliciency of sepa- 'ration, the quantity of wort handled and the smoothness of operation, and to detrease 'the stoppage of the yeast discharge, and to so construct the machine that the sensitive spindle rotating at such a great speed shall not cause the bowl to vibrate.
I have recognized that if these defects in the present kday machines could be. obviated, the supervision of the machines could be decreased per machine, or, what amounts to the same thing, the same attendant could super-l tamed 1n place by solderlng or sweatmg 1n,
vise a greater number of machines.
After experiments extending over considerable time I have succeeded in constructing a centrifugal separator of the type described which gibves very unexpected results without l'increasing the size and weight of the parts,
or increasing the speed of operation.
I have succeeded in doubling the quantity of yeast and associated liquid that can be treated and separated in a given time without destroying the efficiency of the separation, and in some 'instances this efficiency more than doubles the capacity of the present day machines of equal size.
I have decreased the vibration of the bowl, decreased the stoppage of the yeast discharge nozzles, and decreasedirregularities of operationdue to irregular feed or irregular discharge; I have simplified the construction` and, as a whole, produced a much more practical machine which in operation has given unusually satisfactory results from the point of view of the users of'such machines.
Referring now to the accompanyingdrawing, in which like parts are similarly designated:
. the bowl base 16 and the Figure l is a view partly in elevation 'and p partly vin vertical section;
Fig. 2 is a plan' view of 'the bowl top; j
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the top of the tubular shaft and its conical lower end;
Fig. 4 is a plan view of one ofthe `discs showing the notches in the upper? flange vand the spacer ribs.;` 4 n Fig. 5 is a plan view ofthe bowl'showing the yeast tubes and propellers;
f Fig. 6 is a bottom view ofpart of the bowl and in the lower ends of these ducts vare se cured the yeast dischar e nozzle 22.
The bowl base and groove near its periphery for. the usual rubber gasket 23 for packing the oint `between owlLs c1124 which is held to the base bythe usual coupling ring 25. This ring I have altered by providing :four small strips 25, Figs. 1 and 5,1n the'up er part of the ring to make the connection etween the bowl s ell and bowl more secure.
In a separator the internal diameter' of the coupling ring of' which. is yabout 14 inchesfI have found it satisfactory to provide four equally spaced spacing stri s 25* each about 4 .andrenden the separator'less susceptible tov vibration than if these spacing members25l are omitted Instead o the spacing strips 25", 1t iseqially within the purvlew andscope.
bowl spindle i owl shell each has a l ent adjacent the outlets.
vso
of my present invention to provide a single continuous spacing strip, preferably of rectangular cross-section, fitted closely in the internal angle of the clamping ring and extending entirely around its inner surface above the threads, tightly to close the space which in previous constructions has remained between the clamping ring above its threads and the outer edge of the bowl.
The bowl shell is provided with ribs 26 whose narrower upper. end is bevelled at 27, and from the second slope of the shell to about the level of the edge of the second disc, so that the separated liquid or beer between the hood and second disc will be free for relative circular movement at this point, unhindered by the upper end of the ribs 27 beyond this point.
In previous-construction of yeast separators, it has been the practice to provide an annular internal shoulder extending around the. bowlshell at the angle formed by the junction ofthe' upper and lower slopes of the bowl shell. In my improved construction, I make the upper sloping section of the bowl shell of such pitch as to eliminate this shouldder so thatan obtuse angle is formed by the junction of the upper and lower slopes of the bowl shell at approximately the height of the upper ends of the ribs 27.
The neck 29 has in its top plate 32 an increased number of discharge outlets as compared Awith separators of previously usual construction (advantageously 12 outlets may be provided) and these outlets, in my improved construction, are provided with vertical tubes 31 set in and extending belowthe top plate 32, so that they properly regulate vthe discharge and tend to minimize or substantially obviate any jet eifect adj acent the discharge outlets which jet effect, if present, would extend down into the liquid so as to entrain unseparated yeast which might be pres- In the absence of an appreciable jet eect, with my new construction, such yeast is left free to move toward the periphery of the bowl shell and settle down to the yeast tubes, thus increasing the efficiency of separation of yeast from associated liquid. The neck 29 is screw-threaded in the tubular top 28 of the hood.
As shown in the drawing (Fig. 1) the neck 29 terminates at its lower end in an angle of approximately and in connection with the upper portion of the hood 28 forms a pocket or trap which assists in properly retarding the outflow of wort and in retaining yeast that passes the discs.-
.n The tubular shaft 19 is provided on its exterior with a plurality of longitudinal ribs 34, suitablyl7 three in number as shown, which are smoot and have their upper ends bevelled at 35, the slope being approximately a continuation of the slope of the upper separator disc, thereby avoiding the fan effect;
and stirring the separated beer at the dis-`l charge neck, and avoiding the undue forcing ofthe discharge with the consequent pull lower down at the surface of the discs, due to the tendency to form a vacuum at thevneck.
The so-called discs 36 are in reality cones, as usual, having on them six spacers 37 and outwardly turned horizontal outer bottom edges 38, and at their inwardly turned upper edges 39 are provided with a 'plurality of notches 40 corresponding in number and arrangement to the ribs 34.4 These edges 39 are bent downwardly, preferably at an angle of 45 to the horizontal. These Adownwardly bent inner edges cause the beer lto makepa sharp turn, decrease the speed of flow at this point and permit any entrained heavier yeast to more readily move under the centrifugal` action against the inclined wall of the upper one of two adjacent discs and settle toward the bottom of the bowl to pass out through the yeast tubes. f
The upper disc 36 is also provided with spacers 37 on its upper surface, and has secured thereon between it and the bowl .shell 24 a vertical ring 4l whose lower and upper edges are preferably but not necessarily bevelled in accordance with the slopes of the upper disc and the bowl shell and assist in Vpreventing yeast from vpassing out-with the beer, should the separator be overcharged and help to keep the liquid at a given speed in accordance wth'the speed of the bowl.
This ring 41 is held in place by rivets which secure it to the top disc and at its lower edge is preferably soldered or otherwise secured to the disc in a liquid tight joint.
' On the bowl there is a propeller 42 having two blades and formed with a high pitch, and it will be noted that the overturn'43 of lthe blade 42 has a curvature such that the arching is greatest, i. e. of greater radius of curvature near the top and center of the propeller where the /two oppositely directed blades meet in a notch.
The curvature of the cross section of eachv blade is such that the radii of curvature. in the overturned portions of the blade decrease toward the bottom of the blade, so that the passage of the liquid downward along the blade is conical.
The blade also differs from the known type in that the lateral edges of the blades at the extreme periphery are vertical or nearly so V 101il at 44, Fig. 9, and also before the blade begins to curl as at 45.
The general slope of the triangular contour or blade sides is greater, i. e. makes a steeper angle with the horizontal, than heretofore."
The bowl moves in the direction `of the arrow b and in addition to the usual radially directed yeast tubes 21 I use an additional tube 46 inclined to the tube 21, there being preferably butl not necessarily one such inclined tube 46 adjacent each radial tube 21, or I may dispense with the radial tubes and use only the inclined tubes 46 equally spaced. These tubes, whether they be auxiliary to radial tubes or not, may have any desired angle to a radius, the limit being tangentialto the direction of movement, so that a positive pressure is maintained on the yeast to produce a higher pressure discharge, which elimlinates clogging of the tubes and nozzles. They have a scoopin action in receiving the yeast that has settled or separated at the edge of the bowl. f
It will thus be seenthat all the improvements in my new separator mutually assist in increasing the speed of separation and in increasing the volume of yeast and associated liquid that can be efficiently separated per unit of time and equipment, and what is of very material economic value is that with my machine I obtain heavier yeast, by which the trade understands yeast with less associated liquid that has to be subsequently removed in the filter press.
It will be noted that I donot screw the discs in place by means of a lock-.nut or other se curing device. Thus the discs rest in place by gravity and their balance is not disturbed by possible non-uniform pressure at their smaller ends by a fastening device as heretofore used. Also, with my construction the vibration of the apparatus is materiallyblessened. i f
In order to prevent splashing of yeast against surrrounding Ap rts of the machine as the yeast is discharge from the nozzles at the lower end of the bowl base, I provide'the latter with a depending flange or ring 47 which ma be soldered or otherwise firmly secured to t e outer periphery of the bowl base at its lower portion, asdshown4 in Fig. 1,*this flange being-of suicient width that its lower edge lies in a plane somewhat below that in which the tips of the yeast discharge nozzles are positioned.
I have found, in actual practice, that by reconstructing a yeast separator of the discharge nozzle type, as hereinbefore -described and without materially altering the dimensions of the various component parts of the separator, except as necessary to make them conform to my hereinbefore'described novel construction, I am enabled, without increasingthe speed of operation of the separator. blade at the maximum lying substantially in a 130 and while fully maintaining or increasingy the y efficiency of separation of yeast from associated liquid, to increase the capacity of the -I separator to substantially double or more the capacity at which it could be .efficiently operatedl wlthout such improvements.
Thisresult is accomplished notwithstanding the fact that in the reconstruction of a separator of this type to embody the various features of my invention, the use of the ring 41, in accordance with my construction, may l necessitate the omission of a number of the upper discs from the separator. In actual practice, I have found that the capacity of a separator,`when reconstructed in accordance with Amy invention, may be doubled notwithstanding that approximately one-sixth of the original number of discs may, in the reconstruction, be discarded.
What I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
l. In a centrifugal separator of the discharge nozzle type, the combination with a central supply tube having a plurality of longitudinal ribs thereon; of a series of conland bowl shell, a neck having a fian e screwthreaded in the top of the bowl s ell land whose lower end is bevelled to form a re-entrant angle with such top.
4.!-Ina centrifugal separator of the dis-` charge nozzle type, dischargey outlets at the top of the bowl neck, said outlets being provided with 'downwardly extending vertical conduits extending down into the space within thebowl neck.v Y 5. In a centrifugal separator of the discharge nozzle type, a plurality of vertical conduits extending downwardly from an outlet in the top of the bowl neck and through which li uid may pass in the normal operation of t e separator to the outlet from a zone a short distance below the same.
6. Ina centrifugal separator of thedischarge nozzle type having a bowl and bowl base and discharge nozzles positioned in the bowl base, a depending flan e mounted on ande'xtending downwardly rom the lower outer edge of the bowl base and having its llower edge in a horizontal plane below that of the discharge nozzle tips.
7. In a centrifugal separator of the discharge. nozzle type, a propeller comprising two blades'each having an edge portion o verturne overturn being curved, .and the edge of the at about midway of its length, the l plane through the tangent point of the blade and its overturn.
8. In a centrifugal separator of the discharge nozzletype; a propeller having two propelling blades curled in opposite directions and Wardly.
9, In a centrifugal separator of the dis- .charge nozzle type, a propeller having two alined propelling blades with a vvertical notch between them, each blade terminating at its extreme peripheral edge vertically, and each blade having a larger entrance than discharge formed by the conically curled middle portion of the blade. A
In Witness whcreof I have hereunto signed my name to this specification on the 14 day'of Septemben' 1926.
HENRY GEORGE KOEPKE.'
kforming channels tapering' down-l
US136128A 1926-09-17 1926-09-17 Centrifugal separator Expired - Lifetime US1760071A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5683342A (en) * 1993-01-23 1997-11-04 The Glacier Metal Company Limited Oil cleaning assemblies for engines
US20110215044A1 (en) * 2008-06-25 2011-09-08 Wilfried Mackel Separator drum having distributor
US20150024921A1 (en) * 2012-02-15 2015-01-22 ALFA LAVAL CORPORAYE ab Centrifugal separator with inlet arrangement
US20150126353A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2015-05-07 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Disc package for a centrifugal separator
US20180001329A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2018-01-04 Andritz S.A.S. Solid Bowl Centrifuge
US20180141057A1 (en) * 2015-04-24 2018-05-24 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Centrifugal separator with disc stack

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5683342A (en) * 1993-01-23 1997-11-04 The Glacier Metal Company Limited Oil cleaning assemblies for engines
US20110215044A1 (en) * 2008-06-25 2011-09-08 Wilfried Mackel Separator drum having distributor
US8585566B2 (en) * 2008-06-25 2013-11-19 Gea Mechanical Equipment Gmbh Separator drum having a distributor flow channel with a dam
US20150024921A1 (en) * 2012-02-15 2015-01-22 ALFA LAVAL CORPORAYE ab Centrifugal separator with inlet arrangement
US9440245B2 (en) * 2012-02-15 2016-09-13 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Centrifugal separator with inlet arrangement in the form of a set of annular discs or a helically shaped element
US20150126353A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2015-05-07 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Disc package for a centrifugal separator
US9849467B2 (en) * 2012-05-14 2017-12-26 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Disc package for a centrifugal separator
US20180001329A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2018-01-04 Andritz S.A.S. Solid Bowl Centrifuge
US20180141057A1 (en) * 2015-04-24 2018-05-24 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Centrifugal separator with disc stack
US10940489B2 (en) * 2015-04-24 2021-03-09 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Centrifugal separator with disc stack having discs of different diameters

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