US174788A - Improvement in parlor-stoves - Google Patents

Improvement in parlor-stoves Download PDF

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US174788A
US174788A US174788DA US174788A US 174788 A US174788 A US 174788A US 174788D A US174788D A US 174788DA US 174788 A US174788 A US 174788A
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oven
air
stove
chambers
attachment
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGESĀ ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C11/00Combinations of two or more stoves or ranges, e.g. each having a different kind of energy supply

Description

ZSheets-Sheetl.' A. DICKEY & R. Z.,L'IDDLE.
v. Y PRLOR STOVE. N 0.174,'I88, Patented March 14,1876.
rl fraz Z Sh-eets--Sheet 2.
' A. DICKEY ab n. z.L1nDLE.
PARLOR sfrrovE.
N0.`174,788. Patented March 14, 187e.
UNITED STATE-s PATENT ANDREW DIOKEY AND vROBERT z. LIDDLE, OF ALBANY,l NEW YORK, AssicfNORs To JOHN s. PERRY, TRUSTEE AND EXEOUTOR, NATHAN E. PERRY, AND ANDREW DioKEY, OE SAME PLAGE;
IMPRVEMENTIN PARLORSTOVE'S.
-Specification formng part of Letters Patent No. 174,788, dated March 14, 1876; application'filed March 18, 1875.
To all whom it may concern :l
Be it known that we, ANDREWA DIOKEY and ROBERT Z. LIDDLE, both .of Albany, New York, have invented certain Improvements in Parlor-Stoves, of which the following is a specilication A lThe object of our invention is to so combine a permanent or removable culinary attachment with a parlor-stove that the said attachment shall be heated by hot air derived from chambers heated bythe fuel of thestove; and this object we attain in the manner We will now proceed todescribe, reference being had to the accompan yin g'drawin' gs, in which- Figure 1 is a vertical section of a sufficient port-ion of a parlor-stove to illustrate our in` vention; Fig. 2, a sectional plan ou the line l 2 5 Fig. 3, a sectional plan on the line 3 4 and Fig. 4, Sheet 2, a sectional plan on the line 5 6, Fig. 2. 4
B is the illuminating section of the stove, inclosing the combustion-chamber'A. B' is the base-section, inclosing the ash-chamber, within which the fire-pot is suspended. E' is the hollow base containing the dues G.
At the rear of the basesection are the vertical descending flu'eF and ascending iiue F', bothY these flues being contained within the casing of the stove, and communicating with the base-ues G. The products of combustion can, by suitable dampers, which it has not been deemed necessary to show in the drawing, be caused topass directly to the' exitpipe O, or to pass down the flue F through the hollow base E', and upward through the liue F' to the said exit.
L' is the culinary attachment, so constructed and arranged relatively tothe casing B, dues F and F',and hollow base E', that it may be attached to the rear ofthe base-section either permanently7 or so as to be readily removed, without change in construction or interfering with the proper operation of the stove and its dues.
When the culinary attachment L is connected with the stove, it incloses more or less of the flues F F' and the hollow base E', so as to form chambers d', which are bounded in heating the apartment.
by the front wall of the oven 'L ofthe culinary attachment L', the sidewalls of the same, part of the base-section B' of the stove, hollow base E', and part ofthe top plate of the culinary attachment.
An air-cham ber, H, is formed beneath the hollow base E', and has afree communication with the, oven iiue I. That portion of the Wall l of the oven which is opposite the iu'es F and F maybe removed, so that so much of v the outer surface of said lines will be exposed Within the ovenL, and the direct heat therefrom employed to assist in heating same.
Y The chambersll and d'are necessarily exposed to a powerful heat, which we utilize by introducingr air into the saidpchambers, and
causing it to pass therefrom in a highlyfheated condition to the dues of the oven, or through said oven, as may be most desirable, or both.
Gold lair is admitted to the chamber H, near the front of same, through lopenings j j in the bottom plate ZL of the said chamber, whence it passes,through the iiues I J, and K, around the ovenv L, and may be discharged 'throughvan opening, a, vinto the due F' or, when the opening a is Vclosed by the ld ar'n'per lb, and the damper g'properly adjusted, the air, after passing through the oven-fines, may' escape through openings g in the top plate of the culinary attachment, and thus aid the stove In either case the heated air must make a complete circuit of the oven before it can escape from the flue K.
In the sides of the culinary attachment L' are openings d, through which cold air is admitted to the chambers d', where it is highly heated by the walls of the fines F F', casing B', and the hollow base E'.
The air thus heated in the chambers d' d' may be admitted to the oven in either of the two Ways which. may be suggested by the structure ofthe stove to which the oven is applied as 'the most appropriate. '.lhe air, for instance, may be admitted into the chamber d' through openings d near the top of the side Walls of the culinary attachment L', and directed downward into and through the due I', and, meeting the air from the chamber H, may pass through the flues J and K. The second plan is'` to cause the air heated in the chambers d -to pass through openings e or e2 and through cation shown for the openings for admitting the air to, and permitting it to escape from, the said oven for instance, the cold air. may be admitted to the chambers d near the bottom of the same, and permitted to pass in a heated condition into the oven chamber through opening e, and out of same through openings f, as shown g or the cold air may be admitted to the chambers yal' near the top of the same. and may enter the oven at the openings e2, and may leave the oven at the openings f2. In eithercase there will be a circulation of air highly heated in the chambers d through the oven L.
I P P are openings in the top plate at the culinary attachment L for the introduction of culinary vessels. The combined currents of hot air, in their passage through the ilue K, impinge directly and kwith great power upon said vessels,`and thus ya simple and efficient means for boiling is provided without in any way interfering with the operation of the oven L.
The hotair chamber H, formed underneath the hollow base E', may be omitted, and those only at d d be employed to heat the oven.
The only changes required in a stove for receiving the culinaryattachment is to provide an opening, a, in the ascending 'flue F,-
which opening may be closed by a buttoned door in the absence of the said attachment, and to add the plate h to form the chamber H beneath the hollow base, these changes heilig of a tritling character.
It will be observed that it is not necessary to make the said attachment a fixed portion of the stove, but may be removable when not required for useor to suit the wishes of purchasers.
We claim as our invention- 1. The combination of a heating-stove having a descending and an ascending flue at the rear with a baking Aand boiling attachment heated solely by hot air, and admitting of being connected to or disconnected from the stove at pleasure, all substantially as set forth.
2. The oven L and flues I', J, and K, in combination with the air-heating chambers d and apertures d, substantially as described.
3. The air heating chamber H below the base-lines of the stove, and having air-openings, in combination with the oven L, ilues I, J, and K, substantially as set forth.
4. Air-heating chambers H and d', combined with each other, and with the tlues I, I', and J of the oven L, substantially as specified.
5. The oven L, air-chambers d', and apertures on opposite sides of the oven, in combination with the flues J and K.
6. The oven L, air-chambers d and H', lines I, I', J, and K, in combination with the aperture a, substantially as described.
7. The oven L, air-chambers d'and H, lines I, I', J, and K, in combination with the apertures g.
8. The oven L, in combination with the airchambers d and fines F and F.
9. The oven L, in combination with the chamber H, its air-openings, and the hollow base E.
10. The damper b, arranged and operated in combination with the flue K and smoke and gas flue F.
In testimony whereof we have signed our names to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
AAITDRJFV' DIGKEY. l ROBERT Z. LIDDLE.
Witnesses:
FRANK A. TREADWELL, CRAs. W, SIMON.
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