US1718507A - Heat insulation of walls - Google Patents

Heat insulation of walls Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1718507A
US1718507A US68130823A US1718507A US 1718507 A US1718507 A US 1718507A US 68130823 A US68130823 A US 68130823A US 1718507 A US1718507 A US 1718507A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
material
paper
air
particles
wall
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Edwin H Wenzel
Maximillian P Janisch
Original Assignee
Wenzel
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/14Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas designed for spraying particulate materials
    • B05B7/1404Arrangements for supplying particulate material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/14Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas designed for spraying particulate materials
    • B05B7/1481Spray pistols or apparatus for discharging particulate material
    • B05B7/149Spray pistols or apparatus for discharging particulate material with separate inlets for a particulate material and a liquid to be sprayed
    • B05B7/1495Spray pistols or apparatus for discharging particulate material with separate inlets for a particulate material and a liquid to be sprayed and with separate outlets for the particulate material and the liquid
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/7604Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only fillings for cavity walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/02Implements for finishing work on buildings for applying plasticised masses to surfaces, e.g. plastering walls
    • E04F21/06Implements for applying plaster, insulating material, or the like
    • E04F21/08Mechanical implements
    • E04F21/12Mechanical implements acting by gas pressure, e.g. steam pressure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S62/00Refrigeration
    • Y10S62/13Insulation

Description

June 25, 1929. E. H. WENZEL El AL 1,718,507

HEAT INSULATION OF WALLS Filed Dc. 17, 1923 A TTORNEXS,

Patented June 25, 1929. l

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

EDWIN H. WENZEL AND MAXIKILLIAN P. JANISCH, OF MILWAUKEE, WISCONSII T;

.. SAID JANISCH ASSIGNOB TO SAID WENZEL.

HEAT INSULATION F WALLS.

Application filed December 17, 1923. Serial 1T0. 681,308.

This invention relates to improvements in the art of heat insulation of walls and the like. The invention includes an improved insulating structure, an improved method for applying insulating material to a wall, and an improved apparatus for facilitating the application, of insulating material in the practice of the method aforesaid.

It is the object of this invention to rovide for insulation of walls at lower cost t an has heretofore been possible. More particularly stated, it is the object of this invention to provide for building up a sheet ofsinsulating material directly upon the wall which such material is to insulate.

Walls have heretofore been insulated by the use of prepared sheets of material constructed from comparatively expensive sub stances, shipped to the point at which they are to be used, cut to size, and nailed in position on the walls which it is desired to insulate. The present invention contemplates the use of macerated material and an adhesive or binding substance by means of which the particles of such material may be caused. to adhere to each other and to any surface against which they are directed. It is further contemplated that the adhesion of the binding substances above referred to shall be ensured by projecting such substance through the air in minute quantities, whereby surplus moisture will be removed therefrom by evaporation in the course of the application of such substance.

Further objects of this invention are to provide a heat insulating composition which can readily be applied to any structure with out cutting or trimming and without the use of nails, and which will nevertheless have highly effective heat insulating characteristics; to provide a method of heat insulating walls which includes the building up of aheat insulating layer directly upon the wall to be insulated, with a minimum of effort and a maximum of eflect-iveness; and to provide an apparatus, preferably of a portable character, and adapted to facilitate and simplify the practice of the method and the use of-the substance hereinafter to be disclosed.

Inthe drawings: 4 Figure 1 is 'a developed ,or diagrammatic. view of an apparatus suitable for the practice of the method hereinafter to be disclosed and for the building up of the insulating layer above referred to, a device for the handling of maceratedmaterial being shown 1n vertical section, and the fragment of a Wall to which the insulating material is in pourse of application being'shown in eleva- Figure 2 is a detail view in axial section of a nozzle shown in Figure 1. I 1

F gure 3 is a, detail view of a fragmental port on of amodified nozzle construction.-

Figure 4 is a section taken on.line H of the wall shown in Figure 1.

Figure 5 is' a greatly enlarged detail view of the insulating layer built up in the practice of this invention.

Like parts are identified by the same reference characters throughout the several views.

The apparatus herein disclosed will be first described. It will be understood that this apparatus is intended to be merely representative of various devices which might be employed in the practice of the method to which reference will be made more particularly hereinafter.

The receptacle is provided with an inlet port 11 into which a hopper 12 facilitates the introduction of material. A valve 13 is arranged to control port 11 and may be held in its closed position, as illustrated, through the medium of pressure within the container 10. r

The walls of receptacle 10 preferably converge at 14 toward the outlet port 15. This out et port may conveniently be disposed within a box 16 which contains aspirating mechanism including a jet 17 for fluid under pressure, and an outlet pipe 18 having a flaring end portion 19. The arran ement is such that nozzle 17 is spaced slig tly from the flaring portion 19'of the pipe 18, such space being immediately beneath the outlet port of receptacle 10. Thus, fluid under pressure expelled through jet 17 will induct into pipe 18 material supplied through outlet port 15. All well known aspirating device may be substltuted for that disclosed.

A second receptacle is illustrated at 20 and is provided with an inlet port 21 controlled by a valve 22. It is contemplated that the receptacle 10 be adapted to contain a dry substance. such for example as amacerated fibrous solid, whereas receptacle 20 is adapted to receive and retain an adhesive or glutinous Any fluid, preferably a gaseous fluid, such as air or the like, may be supplied under pressure through pipe 25. The union 26 serves to connect with pipe a valve controlled pipe 27 leading to the nozzle 17, a valve controlled pipe 28 leading to the upper portion of receptacle 10, and a valve controlled pipe 29' leading to the upper portion of receptacle 20, the arrangement being such that air supplied under pressure through pipe 25 may be led through the several pipes 27, 28, and 29., to ]ct 17 and to the receptacles 10 and 20. It is contemplated that the air-or other fluid supplied through pipe 25 will escape only through nozzle 17. The pipes leading such fluid to receptacles 10 and 20 are primarily to place the contents of those receptacles under pressure such as to tend to bring about the expulsion of their contents through their respective outlets. Of course, if the particles of matter in the receptacle 10 are hi hly irregular in their form there will probably be a comparatively large amount of air which will pass through the interstices between such particles and will escape through the outlet port 15 of the receptacle. Such air, however, as escapes in this manner will not interfere with the operation of the mechanism.

A hose 30 connected with pipe 18 leads to an operating nozzle designated in its entirety by the reference character and thus illustrated in Figure 2. This nozzle may include a short length of pipe 36 through which particles of matter entrained in the air delivered into said pipe 18 from jet 17 may be expelled at high velocity. Such particles are indicated at 37. In threaded engagement with the pipe section 36 is a hollow annulus 38 which may be provided at intervals about its forward face with openings 39 communicating with its interior. Such openings may extend axially, as illustrated in Figure 2, or may be inclined to converge forwardly as shown at 39' in Figure 3. A relatively small pipe 40 leads to the interior of annulus 38 and is connected by means of hose 41 with an outlet pipe 42 opening from receptacle 20, the arrangement being such that glutinous material under pressure in receptacle 20 will be supplied through hose 41 and pipe 40 to annulus 38 from which it will escape in a plurality of spray jets l3, disposed concentrically about the opening of the nozzle 35 through which the macerated material 37 is being supplied. Valves at 44 and 45, respectively, provide means within the convenient control of the operator for shutting off delivery through pipes 36 and 40, respectively.

As a result of the delivery of the glutinous material from orifices 39 in the form of spray, it will be obvious that very little of such matter will be brought into contact with each piece or particle of finely eomminuted solid n1atter 37. At the same time, each such piece of solid matter expelled from nozzle 35 will necessarily traverse the jet of spray or series of jets 43 and will thereby acquire a thin coating of adhesive substance. Such coating may have a fairly high aqueous content at the time of its delivery so that it will flow readily through hose 41 and orifices 39. It will, how ever, rapidly lose its aqueous content upon exposure to the air in the form of fine spray, and consequently, it will notmoisten the particles 37 even though such articles are preferably highly porous in order to aiford the highest possible value for heat insulation. By the time the particles 37 are delivered by the air stream to the surface which it is desired to render heat insulating, the adhesive substance will be in the best possible condition for active adhesion to such surface. Therefore, the great majority of the coated particles 37 will adhere to each other and to the surface to be coated and will build up a sheet of insulating material composed of such particles, joined to eachother and to the supporting surface in all conceivable positions and relative angles, whereby a myriad of interstitial dead air spaces will be formed between such particles.

Broadly speaking, it is unimportant what material is eomminuted or macerated to produce the particles 37. It is, however, greatly preferred to use for this purpose a material which is, in itself, fibrous or porous, whereby the heat insulating qualities of the mat formed from such material may be enhanced. A satisfactory mat may be made from the eomminuted stems of grains such as corn, wheat, flax, or the like. A satisfactory mat may also be made by using shreds of wood fiber. It is preferred, however, to use macerated paper, and particles obtained from all of these materials may be generally characterized as being high-bulking for the reason that the size of the particles is large in proportion to the weight. For the purpose of this description the receptacle 1() may be assumed to be filled with small pieces of paper, and the particles 37 ejected from nozzle 35 under the pressure of air supplied through pipe 25 may consequently be assumed also to be paper.

Any desired glutinous material may be used in receptacle 20. Such material may comprise a commercially prepared glue or may consist merely in so-called water glass or sodium silicate. The glutinous material may, if desired, include a fire-proofing substance such as arsenic, whereby the paper particles 37 may be rendered incombustible as well as vermin proof.

In practice, the receptacle 10 is filled with eomminuted or macerated paper or the like by shutting oif the air supply through pipes 27 and 28 and allowing valve 13 to open. When a suitable supply of finely divided paper is in the receptacle 10 the valve 13 is closed and air is admitted to said receptacle through pipe 28. Receptacle will be filled -with mucilaginous material by shutting off the air supply through pipe 29 and opening the valve 22. W'heureceptaclc 20 is filled to a sufiicient depth, valve-22 is closed and air is admitted through pipe 29 to place the glue in receptacle 20 under pressure. The valve in pipe 27 is now open and the operator assumes control of nozzle 35. The hoses 30 and 41 will be of suflicient length to enable the operator to movenozzle about the wall area to be covered.

A fragment of wall, including studding members, is shown at 46. W'hen all is in readiness as aforesaid, the operator actuates valves 44 and 45. A jet of air rushes from nozzle carrying with it particles of paper picked up in the aspirat-ing device which is associated with receptacle 10. When reaching the nozzle, each piece of paper or other material from receptacle 10 will be projected through a fine spray of glue issuing from orifices 39, which are concentric to nozzle 35. As a result, each particle 37 will be coated with sufficient glue to be rendered adhesive, and the initial particles so ejected will adhere to wall 46. Particles subsequently carried by the air stream toward said wall will adhere to the first mentioned particles until a mat 47 is built up upon said wall to any desired depth, the lateral edges of the mats being bonded in, air-tight relation to the bounding margins of the studding members.

Inasmuch as the material used is preferably fibrous or porous in its nature, it is not desired to impregnate such material with glue to such an extentas to render the material heat conducting. It isrecognized that waterwould evaporate from fibrous or porous material even after such material was in place upon the wall. Glue, however,would,inlarge part. remain and would tend to weaken greatly the heatinsulating qualities of mat 47. Consequently, the supply of glue is preferably so regulated that the quantity reaching the paper is merely suflicient to render the paper adhesive without impregnating the paper to any considerable extent. The fact that the glue is supplied in the form of a fine spray also tends to prevent impregnation of the paper.

'hile it is preferred to apply the paper and gluesimultaneouslythrough the means aforesaid, the mechanism herein disclosed is such that the glue and paper can be applied successively in alternate coatings, to build up a mat 47 It will be noted that the valves diagrammatically illustrated at 44 and 45 in Figure 1 may be arranged for the independent control of pipes 36 and 40. Thus, valve 45 may first be opened'to spray a coating of glue upon. the siding or wall'46. Thereafter, valve 45 may be closed and valve 44 opened to direct a stream of air carrying fibrous or porous particles to the previously prepared siding. Such articles upon reaching the adhesively sur aced siding will aflix themselves thereto in large numbers. \Vhcn all the paper capable of adhering to the surfaced siding is in place thereon, valve 44 may be closed and valve 45 re-opened to subject the first layer of paper to an exterior coating of glue. A renewed application of paper ma then be made, the newly supplied particles eing caused to adhere to those previously aflixed to the wall. Thus, through the application of successive layers of paper,

a mat 47 may be built up correspondmg in general to the mat which is constructed by simultaneously directing the spray of glue and the air stream bearing particles of paper at the wall. In either event, the glue is directed through an air gap and reaches its maximum adhesiveness before it is called upon to sustain weight. Furthermore, whichever of the specified means of applying the paper is followed, it will be obviously possible to avoid impregnating the paper with the glue.

The complete mat 47 may have any desired "thickness and any desired integral extent, due to the fact that it is constructed directly on the face of the wall which it is to insulate. As has already been indicated, the mat 47 is made up of innumenable pieces of fibrous or porous material, such as paper, such material being coated exteriorly with a fine spray of glue and being thereby provided with surfaces to which other like pieces of material can adhere. The paper carried by the air stream is composed of minute fragments of innumerable shapes, which are disposed in innumerable positions. The majority of such fragments will lodge substantially in the position in which they strike the surface of such material as has preceded them. Thus, the completed mat 47 will include layer upon layer of irregular fargments of paper, each of which will ordinarily have very slight contact with those adjacent. Thus, innumerable air spaces will be formed between the individual paper particles 37 of the mat, and the result will be an insulating .medium of high efiiciency.

- When it is remembered that paper andthe other materials mentioned herein are among the best insulating substances known, and

when it is remembered that most of,such

substances are available in any locality so that extensive transportation is unnecessary in the practice of this invention, and when it is further remembered that no factory is required to prepare the insulating medium herein disclosed for use, but that on the contrary, the mat 47 may be built up in approximately the same time that it would take to cut and nail in place such insulating mats as have heretofore been known, the value of t-his'invention can to some extent be appreciated.

is treated with arsenic it may be made fireresisting or fire-proof, depending upon the v proportion of arsenic employed. Other fireproofing substances may be used with like effect. Thus, the mat 47 may comprise a safe-guard to the structure in which it is used, and may protect it' not only from fire but also from vermin, such as rats or mice, who, in attempting to gnaw through a wall fire-- proofed as aforesaid will encounter the arsenic and'will be poisoned thereby.

\Ve claim 1. The method of heat insulating walls which includes the forcible projection of substantially dry fragments of fibrous material directly upon a wall to be insulated, the projection of a spray of adhesive substance in the path of said material, whereby to coat the individual fragments of such material with adhesive in mid air, and the continued projection of said material upon material previously rendered adhesive and adhering to said wall and other material.

2. The method of heat insulating walls which includes the forcible projection of fragments of paper sheets through space di rectly upon the wall to be insulated, the treatment of such fragments with a mist of adhesive material whereby to render them adherent, and the continued application of similar material upon the surface of the ma terial previously treated, such-fragments of paper sheets being adapted to assume a variety of angular positions with respect to said wal upon being delivered thereto through space, whereby to form innumerable partially enclosed air spaces.

3. The method of heat insulating walls, which method includes the delivery of finely divided irregularly formed particles of paper to an air stream, directing said air stream toward a supporting surface, and rendering the portions of said particles adhesive in the course of their travel toward such surface.

4. The method of heat insulating walls which method includes the delivery of irregular fragments of paper to an air stream, the projection of a'spray of glutinous material along the path of said air stream and fragments carried thereby, and the direction of said air stream against a supporting surface, whereby to deliver adherent fragments thereto in a variety of positions.

5. The method of heat insulating a wall, which consists in directing a spray of adhesive material toward the wall, and projecting initially non-adherent irregularly-shaped particles of paper toward the wall, said particles through contact with said adhesive material being rendered adherent to themselves in mutually slightly contacting relation and building up, by continued application of the particles and the adhesive material, a mat of substantial thickness directly upon the wall, the mat having a multiplicity of air spaces therein and being of substantially homogeneous character throughout its thickness.

EDWIN H. WENZEL. MAXIMILLIAN P. JANISCH.

US1718507A 1923-12-17 1923-12-17 Heat insulation of walls Expired - Lifetime US1718507A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1718507A US1718507A (en) 1923-12-17 1923-12-17 Heat insulation of walls

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1718507A US1718507A (en) 1923-12-17 1923-12-17 Heat insulation of walls
US1888841A US1888841A (en) 1923-12-17 1929-05-09 Art of heat insulation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1718507A true US1718507A (en) 1929-06-25

Family

ID=24734719

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1718507A Expired - Lifetime US1718507A (en) 1923-12-17 1923-12-17 Heat insulation of walls

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1718507A (en)

Cited By (61)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433463A (en) * 1944-10-05 1947-12-30 Sprayo Flake Company Spray gun and method of spraying
US2437831A (en) * 1940-05-09 1948-03-16 Rex Mfg Company Inc Apparatus for applying insulation
US2500271A (en) * 1947-02-18 1950-03-14 Bozich Michael Joseph Pneumatic conveyer
US2569952A (en) * 1948-07-27 1951-10-02 Ian M Ridley Cement gun apparatus
US2578412A (en) * 1950-01-10 1951-12-11 Emery J Fisher Spray gun for comminuted material and adhesive
US2604416A (en) * 1947-09-30 1952-07-22 J W Roberts Ltd Process for damping mineral fibers to be sprayed in air
US2701774A (en) * 1947-11-03 1955-02-08 Koppers Co Inc Methods of coating sheet material with particulate material
US2734782A (en) * 1956-02-14 Pneumatic conveyors
US2787555A (en) * 1954-04-20 1957-04-02 Midland Chemical Corp Coating composition
US2814531A (en) * 1956-04-27 1957-11-26 Clough Equipment Co Balanced pneumatic conveying systems for pulverulent material
US2842897A (en) * 1953-08-11 1958-07-15 Finn Equipment Company Fibre mats and method of and apparatus for making the same
US2844914A (en) * 1956-09-24 1958-07-29 Finn Equipment Company Nozzle assembly for mulch spreaders and the like
US2850421A (en) * 1953-03-31 1958-09-02 George F Shea Method for producing reinforced plastic, resinous, or like structural bodies, forms,linings, and coatings
US2929436A (en) * 1957-10-17 1960-03-22 Goodyear Aircraft Corp Method and apparatus for spraying a mixture of fibers and resin material
US2952987A (en) * 1956-10-09 1960-09-20 Texaco Inc Apparatus for the maintenance of liquefied petroleum products and method of manufacture thereof
US3021079A (en) * 1959-01-09 1962-02-13 Gen Mills Inc Apparatus for applying flock
US3107057A (en) * 1955-09-28 1963-10-15 Cimex Trust Process and apparatus for the production of parts from synthetic materials of any kind reinforced with fibres
US3111270A (en) * 1962-06-29 1963-11-19 Archilithic Co Dispensing of fibrous material
US3171874A (en) * 1961-10-20 1965-03-02 Dario S Rolle Method of sealing lading vehicles
US3447789A (en) * 1967-05-31 1969-06-03 Chemrock Corp Portable perlite handling apparatus and method
US4272935A (en) * 1980-02-19 1981-06-16 Retro-Flex, Inc. Field-installed insulation and apparatus for and method of making and installing the same
WO1985001676A1 (en) * 1983-10-17 1985-04-25 Manville Service Corporation Insulation system
US4547403A (en) * 1983-10-17 1985-10-15 Manville Service Corporation Method for applying a layer of fiber on a surface
US4640848A (en) * 1985-08-26 1987-02-03 Kennecott Corporation Spray-applied ceramic fiber insulation
US4664969A (en) * 1986-05-30 1987-05-12 Manville Corporation Method for spray applying a refractory layer on a surface and the layer produced thereby
US4673594A (en) * 1984-10-12 1987-06-16 Manville Service Corporation Method for applying a layer of fiber on a surface and a refractory material produced thereby
US4770707A (en) * 1984-10-12 1988-09-13 Manville Corporation Method for forming a layer of refractory fibers on a surface and material produced thereby
US4822679A (en) * 1985-08-26 1989-04-18 Stemcor Corporation Spray-applied ceramic fiber insulation
US4833025A (en) * 1988-03-07 1989-05-23 Manville Corporation Method for applying a refractory layer on a surface and the layer produced thereby
US4900200A (en) * 1988-06-22 1990-02-13 Matsui Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for transporting powdered or granular materials by pneumatic force with a transport pipe of smaller diameter relative to particale size
US5018910A (en) * 1986-11-15 1991-05-28 Prazisions-Werkzeuge Ag Process for increasing the quantity of powder dispensed in a powder coating system, as well as powder coating system
US5082563A (en) * 1989-07-20 1992-01-21 International Cellulose, Inc. Methods for cleaning up liquids using absorbent pellets
DE9203877U1 (en) * 1992-02-17 1992-07-30 Burian Ges.M.B.H. & Co. Kg, Wien, At
US5195465A (en) * 1989-07-20 1993-03-23 International Cellulose Corporation Flaked cellulose litter material which can be reused as food or fertilizer
US5288024A (en) * 1991-07-26 1994-02-22 Nicolas Vitale Universal pneumatic device for dough-casting, pointing and filleting
US5352780A (en) * 1989-07-20 1994-10-04 Ecosorb International, Inc. Absorbent material and litter from ground cellulose
US5429741A (en) * 1989-07-20 1995-07-04 Ecosorb International, Inc. Sludge conditioning
US5507869A (en) * 1991-07-02 1996-04-16 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Device for applying an insulating layer to a surface of an object
US5614458A (en) * 1989-07-20 1997-03-25 Ecosorb International, Inc. Method for sludge conditioning
US5684068A (en) * 1995-07-31 1997-11-04 International Cellulose Corp. Spray-on insulation
US6220791B1 (en) * 1999-03-11 2001-04-24 Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Arkansas Apparatus and method for the aerosolization of powders
WO2001036859A1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2001-05-25 Saint-Gobain Isover Method for applying an insulating layer on a surface of an object and corresponding insulated object
US6251476B1 (en) 2000-03-27 2001-06-26 International Cellulose Corp. Methods for spray-on insulation for walls and floor
US20060147660A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-07-06 O'leary Robert J Blowing wool machine with ram to push wool
WO2006071519A2 (en) * 2004-12-28 2006-07-06 Johns Manville Method of insulating cavities in a structure using a spray-on method and resultant insulation
US20060231651A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-10-19 Evans Michael E Loosefill blowing machine with a chute
US20060263586A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 Alain Lanthier Spray-applied cellulose insulation and method
US20080087751A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Johnson Michael W Exit valve for blowing insulation machine
US20080089748A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Johnson Michael W Entrance chute for blowing insulation machine
US20080087752A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Johnson Michael W Agitation system for blowing insulation machine
US20080087557A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Evans Michael E Partially cut loosefill package
US20080173737A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-07-24 Evans Michael E Blowing wool machine outlet plate assembly
US20080217422A1 (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Daniel Elden Near Nozzle assembly, delivery system and method for conveying insulation material
US20090206105A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2009-08-20 O'leary Robert J Blowing Wool Bag And Method Of Using The Bag
US20090257833A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Johnson Michael W Blowing wool machine flow control
US20090314672A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2009-12-24 Evans Michael E Loosefill Package For Blowing Wool Machine
US20100147983A1 (en) * 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 Evans Michael E Non-Symmetrical Airlock For Blowing Wool Machine
US20110024317A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Evans Michael E Loosefill package for blowing wool machine
FR2970985A1 (en) * 2011-01-28 2012-08-03 Pierre Jean Marchaudon Use of constitutive components of maize straw, excluding cobs, grains and bracts, as thermal and sound insulating material
US20160153186A1 (en) * 2010-08-13 2016-06-02 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Insulative sealing system and materials therefor
US9457355B2 (en) 2011-09-16 2016-10-04 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Apparatus for converting bales of insulation to loose fill

Cited By (83)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2734782A (en) * 1956-02-14 Pneumatic conveyors
US2437831A (en) * 1940-05-09 1948-03-16 Rex Mfg Company Inc Apparatus for applying insulation
US2433463A (en) * 1944-10-05 1947-12-30 Sprayo Flake Company Spray gun and method of spraying
US2500271A (en) * 1947-02-18 1950-03-14 Bozich Michael Joseph Pneumatic conveyer
US2604416A (en) * 1947-09-30 1952-07-22 J W Roberts Ltd Process for damping mineral fibers to be sprayed in air
US2701774A (en) * 1947-11-03 1955-02-08 Koppers Co Inc Methods of coating sheet material with particulate material
US2569952A (en) * 1948-07-27 1951-10-02 Ian M Ridley Cement gun apparatus
US2578412A (en) * 1950-01-10 1951-12-11 Emery J Fisher Spray gun for comminuted material and adhesive
US2850421A (en) * 1953-03-31 1958-09-02 George F Shea Method for producing reinforced plastic, resinous, or like structural bodies, forms,linings, and coatings
US2842897A (en) * 1953-08-11 1958-07-15 Finn Equipment Company Fibre mats and method of and apparatus for making the same
US2787555A (en) * 1954-04-20 1957-04-02 Midland Chemical Corp Coating composition
US3107057A (en) * 1955-09-28 1963-10-15 Cimex Trust Process and apparatus for the production of parts from synthetic materials of any kind reinforced with fibres
US2814531A (en) * 1956-04-27 1957-11-26 Clough Equipment Co Balanced pneumatic conveying systems for pulverulent material
US2844914A (en) * 1956-09-24 1958-07-29 Finn Equipment Company Nozzle assembly for mulch spreaders and the like
US2952987A (en) * 1956-10-09 1960-09-20 Texaco Inc Apparatus for the maintenance of liquefied petroleum products and method of manufacture thereof
US2929436A (en) * 1957-10-17 1960-03-22 Goodyear Aircraft Corp Method and apparatus for spraying a mixture of fibers and resin material
US3021079A (en) * 1959-01-09 1962-02-13 Gen Mills Inc Apparatus for applying flock
US3171874A (en) * 1961-10-20 1965-03-02 Dario S Rolle Method of sealing lading vehicles
US3111270A (en) * 1962-06-29 1963-11-19 Archilithic Co Dispensing of fibrous material
US3447789A (en) * 1967-05-31 1969-06-03 Chemrock Corp Portable perlite handling apparatus and method
US4272935A (en) * 1980-02-19 1981-06-16 Retro-Flex, Inc. Field-installed insulation and apparatus for and method of making and installing the same
WO1985001676A1 (en) * 1983-10-17 1985-04-25 Manville Service Corporation Insulation system
US4547403A (en) * 1983-10-17 1985-10-15 Manville Service Corporation Method for applying a layer of fiber on a surface
US4673594A (en) * 1984-10-12 1987-06-16 Manville Service Corporation Method for applying a layer of fiber on a surface and a refractory material produced thereby
US4770707A (en) * 1984-10-12 1988-09-13 Manville Corporation Method for forming a layer of refractory fibers on a surface and material produced thereby
US4640848A (en) * 1985-08-26 1987-02-03 Kennecott Corporation Spray-applied ceramic fiber insulation
US4822679A (en) * 1985-08-26 1989-04-18 Stemcor Corporation Spray-applied ceramic fiber insulation
US4664969A (en) * 1986-05-30 1987-05-12 Manville Corporation Method for spray applying a refractory layer on a surface and the layer produced thereby
US5018910A (en) * 1986-11-15 1991-05-28 Prazisions-Werkzeuge Ag Process for increasing the quantity of powder dispensed in a powder coating system, as well as powder coating system
US4833025A (en) * 1988-03-07 1989-05-23 Manville Corporation Method for applying a refractory layer on a surface and the layer produced thereby
US4900200A (en) * 1988-06-22 1990-02-13 Matsui Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for transporting powdered or granular materials by pneumatic force with a transport pipe of smaller diameter relative to particale size
US5614458A (en) * 1989-07-20 1997-03-25 Ecosorb International, Inc. Method for sludge conditioning
US5429741A (en) * 1989-07-20 1995-07-04 Ecosorb International, Inc. Sludge conditioning
US5195465A (en) * 1989-07-20 1993-03-23 International Cellulose Corporation Flaked cellulose litter material which can be reused as food or fertilizer
US5082563A (en) * 1989-07-20 1992-01-21 International Cellulose, Inc. Methods for cleaning up liquids using absorbent pellets
US5352780A (en) * 1989-07-20 1994-10-04 Ecosorb International, Inc. Absorbent material and litter from ground cellulose
US5507869A (en) * 1991-07-02 1996-04-16 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Device for applying an insulating layer to a surface of an object
US5288024A (en) * 1991-07-26 1994-02-22 Nicolas Vitale Universal pneumatic device for dough-casting, pointing and filleting
DE9203877U1 (en) * 1992-02-17 1992-07-30 Burian Ges.M.B.H. & Co. Kg, Wien, At
US5853802A (en) * 1995-07-31 1998-12-29 International Cellulose Corporation Methods for spray-on insulation
US5684068A (en) * 1995-07-31 1997-11-04 International Cellulose Corp. Spray-on insulation
US6220791B1 (en) * 1999-03-11 2001-04-24 Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Arkansas Apparatus and method for the aerosolization of powders
WO2001036859A1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2001-05-25 Saint-Gobain Isover Method for applying an insulating layer on a surface of an object and corresponding insulated object
FR2801243A1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2001-05-25 Saint Gobain Isover Method for applying an insulating layer on a surface of an object and corresponding product isolated
JP4773020B2 (en) * 1999-11-18 2011-09-14 サン−ゴバン・イソベール Method of providing a heat insulating layer on the surface of the object
US6251476B1 (en) 2000-03-27 2001-06-26 International Cellulose Corp. Methods for spray-on insulation for walls and floor
US9272287B2 (en) 2004-07-27 2016-03-01 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital Llc Blowing wool bag and method of using the bag
US20090206105A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2009-08-20 O'leary Robert J Blowing Wool Bag And Method Of Using The Bag
US20060231651A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-10-19 Evans Michael E Loosefill blowing machine with a chute
US7520459B2 (en) 2004-07-27 2009-04-21 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Blowing wool machine with ram to push wool
US7938348B2 (en) 2004-07-27 2011-05-10 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Loosefill blowing machine with a chute
US20060147660A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-07-06 O'leary Robert J Blowing wool machine with ram to push wool
US20100031602A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2010-02-11 O'leary Robert J Blowing Machine For Loosefil Insulation Material
WO2006071519A3 (en) * 2004-12-28 2006-08-24 Johns Manville Method of insulating cavities in a structure using a spray-on method and resultant insulation
WO2006071519A2 (en) * 2004-12-28 2006-07-06 Johns Manville Method of insulating cavities in a structure using a spray-on method and resultant insulation
US20060263586A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 Alain Lanthier Spray-applied cellulose insulation and method
US7882947B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2011-02-08 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Partially cut loosefill package
US20090173645A2 (en) * 2006-10-16 2009-07-09 Michael Evans Partially Cut Loosefill Package
US20080173737A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-07-24 Evans Michael E Blowing wool machine outlet plate assembly
US20080087557A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Evans Michael E Partially cut loosefill package
US20090314672A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2009-12-24 Evans Michael E Loosefill Package For Blowing Wool Machine
US20080087752A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Johnson Michael W Agitation system for blowing insulation machine
US20080089748A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Johnson Michael W Entrance chute for blowing insulation machine
US7731115B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2010-06-08 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Agitation system for blowing insulation machine
US20110174906A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2011-07-21 Johnson Michael W Entrance chute for blowing wool machine
US7980498B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2011-07-19 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc. Entrance chute for blowing wool machine
US7819349B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2010-10-26 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Entrance chute for blowing insulation machine
US20080087751A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2008-04-17 Johnson Michael W Exit valve for blowing insulation machine
US20110000990A1 (en) * 2006-10-16 2011-01-06 Johnson Michael W Entrance chute for blowing wool machine
US7913842B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2011-03-29 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Loosefill package for blowing wool machine
US7845585B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2010-12-07 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Blowing wool machine outlet plate assembly
US7712690B2 (en) 2006-10-16 2010-05-11 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Exit valve for blowing insulation machine
US20080217422A1 (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Daniel Elden Near Nozzle assembly, delivery system and method for conveying insulation material
US20090257833A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Johnson Michael W Blowing wool machine flow control
US7762484B2 (en) 2008-04-14 2010-07-27 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Blowing wool machine flow control
US7971814B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2011-07-05 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Non-symmetrical airlock for blowing wool machine
US20100147983A1 (en) * 2008-12-17 2010-06-17 Evans Michael E Non-Symmetrical Airlock For Blowing Wool Machine
US20110024317A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Evans Michael E Loosefill package for blowing wool machine
US7886904B1 (en) 2009-07-30 2011-02-15 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Loosefill package for blowing wool machine
US20170073963A1 (en) * 2010-08-13 2017-03-16 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Insulative sealing system and materials therefor
US20160153186A1 (en) * 2010-08-13 2016-06-02 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Insulative sealing system and materials therefor
FR2970985A1 (en) * 2011-01-28 2012-08-03 Pierre Jean Marchaudon Use of constitutive components of maize straw, excluding cobs, grains and bracts, as thermal and sound insulating material
US9457355B2 (en) 2011-09-16 2016-10-04 Omachron Intellectual Property Inc. Apparatus for converting bales of insulation to loose fill

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3106503A (en) Method of making honeycomb structural panels
US2700615A (en) Plaster composition
US2757150A (en) Preparing hot-moldable thermosetting resin and cellulose fiber mixtures
US5277955A (en) Insulation assembly
US5338349A (en) Fire resistant and high temperature insulating composition
US6881247B2 (en) Protective barrier coating composition
US4310585A (en) Fibrous product formed of layers of compressed fibers
US3202561A (en) Method for making acoustical tile with thermoplastic film covering
US5916681A (en) Insulating construction material comprising granular insulating material
US2993016A (en) Dry plaster mix comprising aggregate, clay, cellulose derivative and amine aldehyde resin
US4710309A (en) Lightweight soundproofing, insulation and fireproofing material and method
US4689249A (en) Method and apparatus for applying a coat of adhesively bonded expanded mineral grains to a surface of a structure
US1861475A (en) Method of applying lacquer or the like
US4049848A (en) Textured-foam coated urethane wall and ceiling covering and method of making the same
US3955031A (en) Flame resistant building material
US20040124262A1 (en) Apparatus for installation of loose fill insulation
US20080003431A1 (en) Coated fibrous nodules and insulation product
US3850601A (en) Method of producing a board of fibrous glass
US5389167A (en) Method for insulating a cavity
US7624932B1 (en) Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US2711381A (en) Method and apparatus for fiber collection
US4272935A (en) Field-installed insulation and apparatus for and method of making and installing the same
US4944960A (en) Method and apparatus for coating paper and the like
US3061878A (en) Press apparatus forming composite boards
US2302020A (en) Decorative tile