US1714987A - Building construction - Google Patents

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US1714987A
US1714987A US198944A US19894427A US1714987A US 1714987 A US1714987 A US 1714987A US 198944 A US198944 A US 198944A US 19894427 A US19894427 A US 19894427A US 1714987 A US1714987 A US 1714987A
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units
walls
building
wall
element
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US198944A
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Oscar A Pedersen
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Oscar A Pedersen
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members

Description

May 28, 1929. o. A. PEDERSEN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 4 Sheets-Shet Filed Juhe 15 1927 f4 Z5 Z4 ayweutoz May 28,, 1929. o. A. PEDERSEN 7 BUILDING QONSTRUCTION Filed June 15, 1927 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 4 Shets-Sheet 4 O. A. PEDERSEN Filed June 15 1927 m emmm W May 28, 1929.

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Pa 'tented May 28, 1929.;

' 'osonlz. ernnn'nsnn, 'onnnvvyonx, NQQY.

mummielvsrmni f ioli I hpplication filed June '15,

V This invention appertains to improvements 7 in building constructions and more particu- "larly in buildings in which the walls are the building formed and built'up of'lnrgeunits orsla'bso'f concrete or other cementitious material.

The invention aims *toprovide a novel and effective means and method-of connectingand securing the slabs or units of -the buildingtogether and 'findspa-r'tieuhrr application I in the joining of the various walls of.

uniting and The necessity I I I I unlting, omlng, and connecting the wallsof a bulldlng constructed of a, self-settlng-cemen- 'titious material suchas-concrete or mortarhas long been recognized, Such material is nonelastic and'does not yield or g1ve1n response tochanges due to warplng or movement -1n v the columns or framework of the building.

I 'between the walls or units-connected eIid'gen- 'Mo'st connecting means hitherto. used have been inefiec'tive bec'a use they allow some play erally fail to secure-endconnect themtogether rigidly so as to prevent any movement therebetween. The result of the play and loose connection between the units or'walls is to ca-useicracking in the material of thewalls or units with consequent deterioration in the pearance upon the walls.

By my-invention I provide a simple, novel walls and'theimpositionofan unsightly apand effective"connectingineans for uniting and joining slzibsybuildingunits -and walls.

This" connecting means is substantially rigid so as to eliminatepleyf or relative movement II between the elements united and connected and is also of suchachara cter. and nature asto Pe mi ady an on ni n ettas m t0 the elements tofbe connected and to g llow the various ,unitslor elements to "be united,jconnect d, and as e d eas ly n e s t y; and disassembled if'neces'sary. The connect ing means is referably such as'to pull and draw the building units together. during application and to maintain themwhen appliedintightend firm cooperation whereby no relative mo m nt b tween Inthedrawings:

c Figure 1 1s a sectional plal view through an are connected by my improved means.

Figure 2 is a sectional plan view through a the units may occu1;.

outer corner ofa building in which the walls and I ing construction illustrating severel-modified formsfotacorner wall'construction;

a As pointed out above, myinvention is an' tieu'la-rly designed, a lthough notfl-imited to 'the uniting and connecting ofPwetlls comp osed I ofsla'bs,opbuilding units of cement i-tious meti- "for an e'flicient means for;

terial'li Suchunits are preferablyof the form disclosed in myupendi'ng iztpplica-tion for 39st- 7 ent, Serial No; 170,773 filed Feb.'25 192mm comprise spacede'lementsef cementiti'ous mat-I 1 terial' which are held in spuced 'relsfition' by. it

beams or iwebs preferably in the fji'ormof steel J bu ildingunit-is used for the ou-tside will of and inside surfaces are insulated from each ,v

:other in any desired or preferred waygso 'asto prevent passageof cold or moisture through I the unit-into 'theiinterior of the house." Such 1 insulation is not required where the building nits areusedf'ort he interiorpartition'wells j of the building orh ouse. I In, tliieec'compenyingdrawings, lfhz ve '11- I lustrated my improved connectingmeans up? 'pliedto variouscornerconstructions.- Int-he form of the invent-ionshown inFigu-re1 in' f outside c'or'ner.ofa bu-ilding'or houseisshown. v

Oneo' fthe wells ofthis building inclu'de's an V outer element 10 of cementitious material and an inner element 11 offlike mziteriahfthe two i .el'elnentsbeing spacedapart-by-webs or eam,

one of whichis shown'at 12 as an' end-beam preferably an I-beam. The' ou-terfsu'rface of this I-beam preferably is provided with "inf *su'lation 13 toukeep 'outthe cold "as much i 'as possible "This insulation ,i s' held inpla ce as by means ofprongs 14: or the like, strucl'rv upfrom the flange of the beam. The-cenien' titiouselements 10 and] 11 are reenfor'ced as by'means ofwire mesh 15 and 16 which tinnyhe joinedor connected to the supporting ele-f ments or Lbezun's by prongs 17 or the like,

the latter being preferably struck out of the I as ide-closed. i my peeeiegr up aiicat Y Q tion 's'eriaiNemesis, filed l/larch 11,1927.

The elements 10 and 11 are insulated from each other and't-o this end I preferably employ a plank 18 f insulating material which is supported in the grooves formed by channel irons 19'associated with the steel I-beams and preferably welded to the webs thereof.

The other wall is similarly formed. This wall in addition includes a portion 20 forming an elongated'pa'rt of-the element 10 of said wall-and eXtending to the outerelement 10 of the other wall. The end of the second wall is I closed by themember'2l which forms apart of the outer element ofsaid'wall and a continuation. of; the outer element 10 of thefirst wall when thezwallsare assembled.- J

To the'webof theend beam 12 ofthe second wall, I preferably secureanother beam 22 i at right angles thereto'asby means ofirivets ,2-3 or the like. The-outer surface of the bea n 22 serves asasupport for the'portion 21 of the outer element of thewall. In order to preqvent' the transmission of cold'and moisture throughthe space between the-beam's12 and J 22 I preferably provide anlinsulating member 2% whlch 1s supported n the grooves of channelirons 25iand26 secured to said beams. Thebeam 22, insulating member 24:, as well as outer-portions 20 and 21 are all associated as a unit and'form a part ofthe second: T his Wall is connected to thefirst wall here- 'tofore-"described by thenovel connecting means of; my invention. This. connecting means is of such a character that it pulls and draws the walls together duringapplication and holds and secures them llllllly against oneanotherso-as to prevent any relative 1-,1 novement betweenthesame and loclrsand connectsthem together ,rigidly. This may beaccompl shedby a device whichincludes a wallsf are' brought-up together and so posi- 3 tionedwith each other that the first wall is slightly elevated with respect to the second and the portion 301s above the opening in the bail. Thel first wall isthen released and allowedtofall. 4 Thejportion is forced into the opening in the bail as the first wall settles into position The effectof this is to draw g and ;;puilthe walls together and when the walls are'in' their final posit ons theyare firmly and rigidly locked'a-nd connected together in such a waythat no relative movementbetween them canoccur. e0

I Another way in which this connection'of the, wallsmay be accomplished is by means of achannel ele-' mentwhich,'when the walls are brought together is-forced and clamped over the ends of, the, beams 12 and 22and serves to pull and draw them together firmly and to hold them rigidly anCl'lfCightly against each other whereby the walls are securelyand firmly tied together and relative'movement betweenv them' is prevented. "Othermeans forcoacting with the beams '12 and 22-so astopull and draw the walls together and rigidly" hold them thus will-perhaps occur-toone skilled in this art and I do not confinemyself to-the detailsshown or tothe soecificic' manner 111 which the resultis accomplished: V

After theiwallshave been connected in'the aforesaid manner, the space ;between the moisture through spaces, I preferablyprovide a member 33 ofiinsulatingmaterial. supbeams 12 and 22 isfilled with grout'32 which also serves as a column-@when it sets and in order to prevent-the transmission ofcold and B0.

ported also'in the grooves-ofjchannel meni- I here 34: and '35 associated with the'bea'ms 12 and 22. There may be slightspace or' crack36 left betweenthe walls afterthey have been connected andsuch a spaceis also filled up with suitable grout or cementitious material. I

In theapplication of the inventionto the corner construction:showirin Figures 2 and 3, the building unitsromprisingthe outer wall aresecurelyandunitedfby means i of a beanrlO which is fastened asfby rive ts .ll-to the end beams .12? of 'said. wallsibut ex tends perpendicularly thereto as best shown "inFigure 2. flhe partitioniwall ofthis ap ,plication is connected' to theouter wall by 1 tying the end beam-12 of said-partition wall .to the beam 40 which iscommon to the units comprising theouter wall; The connecting meansin this case also may includea bail member 2" associated witlrone of the beams 12$ or 40 and ahook member 28" having. a portion 30 for entering the openingQof the bail. lnth'isl. caseIalsofwlienthe.walls are n being joined and. connected together the effect of the securlng-orv connecting means isv to pull and draw the Walls together so as to tightly uniteand joiirth'em. If desired a number of said'hook and hail members may be used in the connecting of the'walls and as shown in Figure 3 these'me'mbers are prefer ably disposed in vertical alinem'ent; In this V I .nel element '3l eitherat the top or bottom form of the-inventionalsoI mayuse'a chanor at both the top and bottom. Such channel elements are forced overthe tops or bottoms'of the beams, 12?- and 4O and serve to draw and p p ull them together when they are being applied so that when applied the walls are. securely tieda nd rigidly connectcd to- 1 gether. If'desired, these" channel 'elements may be permanently secured as a part of the building'and to this end they'may' be riveted or otherwise permanently 'sec'uredlin place. 7

. Afterthe walls have-been connected in the 7 above manner the spaceformed between the endbeams of the'variousfconnected units is preferably filled with grout 42 and. this space also has an insulating member 43 carried in channel. elements 44 associated with the 'end beams 12" of the units comprising the outer wall. The space or crack which 1 may beform'ed or leftbet'ween the units c'om prisingtheouter'wall is also preferablyfilled up with g outor any suitable or desirable cementitious material;

InFigu're i, I have disclosedthe applies;

tion of the invention in the connection of simpletypes of building units or slabs, which are designated by numerals50, 51 and52."

By reference to said figure it will be noted that the slabsand 51 are connected and joined together by; a channel element. 3O which coacts with the flange'of the end beam 12 of the unit 50 and the web of the end beam 12 of the unit 51, beingforced over either of the ends of said beams and serving to draw and pull them together, thereby to tightly connect the units 50 and 51. Of course as in the former modifications and 7 applications of the invention, the channel element or elements may 'be permanent-ly fastened in position after application, asby riveting to one of the beams, and it will be understood that such elements may be'used V bot-h at the tops and bottoms of the beams. After the units have been connected in this manner the space left between the beam 12 Y and the unit 50 may be filled up with grout of any desired or preferred cementitious ma ter'ial 53. This grout as inthe other modifications serves to impart'greater stability and strength to the resulting structure and also forms a solidvert cal cementitous element which may act as a column for the resulting construction. The unit-52 is connected to the unit 51 also by a channel element or elements which 'coacts with-the web of the end beam 12 of the unit 52 and also withjthe inner surface of the outer cementitious element forming part of the unit 51 and serves to vpull and'draw the said units together while being applied and after application,

serves to securely and tightly hold them together so as to prevent any relative move-f ment therebetween. I have found 1t desirable'in this constructionto employ a metallic reenforcing member 54in theouter element.

of the unit 51 so that the channel element 80 will not cause damage or fracture of said element during or after application, The channel elements in this application of the invontion may also be either detachably disposed in place or they may be permanently riveted if so desired. I also preferably employ grout 55 within the space formed'by the beam 12 and unit-51 which grout serves to impart rigidity and greater strength to the construction obtained as Wellas to serve a column for the resulting building. By my invention I have thus provided means for rigidly and securely connecting the units of a building construction together to hold them rigidly-and firmly in such tight cooperation*wliereby relative movementjbetween them isprevented anda very strong,

sturdy and stable structure; is 'o'btainedin. which-there is no liability of'crac'lri'ng-in the a cementi tious material due} :to "any relative ni/ovement 'betweeir -the various parts of i the structure.

While I have described a number ofspecific v applications and modifications of the invenwhether the iinits are in the nature of walls o'f-tlie building or' slabs comprising said Walls.

'This connecting meansis of such character fasto 'di'aw and pull thevar-io'usunits tightly and'forcibly together during application and r tion, it will be understood that the same is susceptible to many other modifications and applications and I desire to have-this disclosure interpretedin as broad as'possible a manner consistent with the state of the prior art and the scopeof the appended claims.

Ha'vingthus fully described my invention i what I claim as new and desire' to secure by Letters Patent is: I

1. The combination with a plurality-10f building units comprising spaced-elements of cementitious material, and reenforcing mem- Y k' bers for spacing said elements, ofmeans for connecting said units, said meanscomprising a r gid connectlon between reenforcing'mernbers,sa1d connectlon acting during its appl1-' cation to draw the reenforcing members and f to hold them tightly in assembledrelation.

QVThe combination with a plurality of building units, each of said unit-s comprising' apair of slabs in spaced parallel relationand a spacing element, of means for connecting sald unlts, said'rn'eans lncluding a ball mem ber associated with a spacing element in one 7 of said'units and a hook member associated with a spacing element inanotherof said units for cooperation with said bailmember.

3.1Theifcombination with a plurality of maintain the uxtaposed position of the units, said connection acting during 1ts application to draw the reenforcing members andto hold them tightly in assembled relation.

.4. A joint for concrete wallscomprising in combination a plurality of juxtaposed reinforced building units, one of'saidunits COIisist-ing of apair. of concrete slabs and a metallic reinforcing element for spacing said slabs inparallel relation, means for rigidly,

connecting said spacing-element to. a reinforcing elementof an adjacent unit, and

a filler between said connected elements. a

5." A joint for concrete Walls comprising in" combination a plurality of juxtaposed rep I infor ced building units, one of said units eons1st1ng of a pair ofconcrete slabs'and a metallic reinforclng element for spaclng said slabs in parallel relation,-means secured to saidspacing elementfor engaging a reinforcing element of an adjacent unit, and a filler of cementitious material between said oon-. neetegl units. v H

'6. In combination, a plurality of juxtaa posed reinforced building units, each of said units comprising spa ceda parallel slabs of cementitious material and reinforcing spacing elements between the slabs, said units havingend reinforcing elements near where they juxtapose, and means for rigidly con;-

necting-said end elements together, said In testimony Where0f,; I have Signed my name to this specification this 14th (lay of June, 1927; r

OSCAR A; PEDERSEN'Q"

US198944A 1927-06-15 1927-06-15 Building construction Expired - Lifetime US1714987A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2497887A (en) * 1943-06-30 1950-02-21 Hilpert Meler George Paneled building construction
US2703003A (en) * 1947-07-28 1955-03-01 Frederick H Ruppel Wall panel
US3344572A (en) * 1964-01-04 1967-10-03 Trusteel Corp Universal Ltd Concrete building structures with prelaminated plasterboard facing sheets
US4142335A (en) * 1977-02-16 1979-03-06 Andrade Harold H Building construction
US5386675A (en) * 1993-07-12 1995-02-07 High Industries, Inc. Concrete beam connection sleeve
US5485704A (en) * 1994-05-10 1996-01-23 Sandor, Sr.; Frederick J. Joining means and method for cast panels
US20080060311A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20120047816A1 (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-01 Empire Technology Development Llc Prefabricated wall panels
US8863445B2 (en) 2010-08-24 2014-10-21 Empire Technology Development Llc Reinforced concrete dense column structure systems

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2497887A (en) * 1943-06-30 1950-02-21 Hilpert Meler George Paneled building construction
US2703003A (en) * 1947-07-28 1955-03-01 Frederick H Ruppel Wall panel
US3344572A (en) * 1964-01-04 1967-10-03 Trusteel Corp Universal Ltd Concrete building structures with prelaminated plasterboard facing sheets
US4142335A (en) * 1977-02-16 1979-03-06 Andrade Harold H Building construction
US5386675A (en) * 1993-07-12 1995-02-07 High Industries, Inc. Concrete beam connection sleeve
US5485704A (en) * 1994-05-10 1996-01-23 Sandor, Sr.; Frederick J. Joining means and method for cast panels
US20080060311A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-13 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20120047816A1 (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-01 Empire Technology Development Llc Prefabricated wall panels
US8844223B2 (en) * 2010-08-24 2014-09-30 Empire Technology Development Llc Prefabricated wall panels
US8863445B2 (en) 2010-08-24 2014-10-21 Empire Technology Development Llc Reinforced concrete dense column structure systems
US9038339B2 (en) 2010-08-24 2015-05-26 Empire Technology Development Llc Prefabricated wall panels

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