US1714738A - Flooring and the like - Google Patents

Flooring and the like Download PDF

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Publication number
US1714738A
US1714738A US28429928A US1714738A US 1714738 A US1714738 A US 1714738A US 28429928 A US28429928 A US 28429928A US 1714738 A US1714738 A US 1714738A
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board
boards
wall
top
fasteners
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Arthur R Smith
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Arthur R Smith
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02044Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer
    • E04F2015/02105Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer
    • E04F2015/02111Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer not adjustable
    • E04F2015/02122Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer not adjustable with fastening elements engaging holes or grooves in the side faces of the flooring elements

Description

May 28, 1929. A. R. SMITH FLOORING AND THE'LIKE Filed June ll, 1928 1TB/enter* Ywbhm* Smith, by 57H5 ism Atlcn-n ey.

Patented May 28, 1929.

Unir 'res ARTHUR R. SMITH, or sonnnnfofranr, NEW YORK.

autres FLOORING AND THE Linn.

Appiication fired June 11,1928. serial No. 254,299. Y

floor board, and an improved means for` fastening the same .in place, and for a consideration of what I believe to be novel and my invention, attention is directed to the accompanying description yand the claims appended thereto. p

In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a floor embodying my invention; Fig. 2 is a sectional view through several of the boards shown in 1; Fig. 3 is a perspective view on a larger scale of a fastener which forms a part of my invention, and Fig. 4 is a perspective view of another form of fastener.

Referring to the drawing, 5 indicates a sub-flooring supported by Yfloor joists 6 and upon which flooring embodying my, invention is shown as'being laid.

According to my invention, I provide floor boards 7 having narrow grooves 8 along each edge, and for .fastening the boards in place, I provide metal' fasteners orv grips'having portions which fit into the grooves and especially arranged openings through whichthe nails are driven. The fasteners illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are shown as being formed from sheet metal which is reversely bent on itself to provide a top wall 9, side-flanges' or tongues 10 and spaced, downwardly-pro-V jecting supports or feet 11. At its central portion, top wall 9 is provided with a depression 12 for the reception ofV the lnailv head. At Vthe center of the depression is a nail hole 18 and in each of the downwardlyprojecting supports or feet is a nail hole 14C. Nail holes 14 are oblong to permit a nail to extend through them at an angle and they..

are positioned to direct the nailv at the de'- sired i, angle. On their undersides at Athe ends, flanges 10 are .preferably provided with-downwardly-projecting knife edges or Y sharpened extensions V15y which when the flanges 10 are forced into the grooves 8 bite into the wood to hold the boards against endwise movement. I may, if desirechmake lthe folds which form flanges 10vso they do not quite touch each other, thus giving .a little spring action to take up clearance in the groove. f

'the floor.

eine..

Beneath grooves 8, the boards arefcut away at. an angle as is'indicatedat'l, 'the angle being at least as great as that at which Vthe nails extend when passedthrough the holes' in the fasteners. IVith this arrangement, the nails are not driven through the i.

boards. This is an important consideration, especially in connection with "hardewood flooring for it is difficult to drive ynails through-hard-wood and in somecases it is necessary to drill holes in the boardsfor the nails, athingwhich is an expensive opera* tion and adds greatly to the cost offlaying Also, when nails are driven in the boards, especially adjacent to the ends of the boards, it happens often that the tongue i splits which makes it difficult if not impossible to draw the boards .together properly and sometimes requires, the replacing Lof .the

split board. By my'inventionythese dif-` culties are avoided entirely.

In the vic'inityof'groovesv 8 andfbelow Y them, the boards are cut back. asis indicated atI 17 `to provide space between the boards for the fasteners.V lThere remain engaging edges on the boards whichare indicatedfl* at18.A Y In laying the flooring, the first board is put 1n position" andv anchored at suitable intervals by the fasteners, thenails, indicated soA at 19, being driven through` the openings in 'i the fasteners linto v thel sub-flooring, asis clearly shown v2. `The individual fa-steners mayv be of ai length of the order of one or two inchesy and may be placed apart a distance of the order ofV two feet although in any particular case they may be further apart or closer together' as is found desirable.

The flanges 1,0 of the fasteners fit nicely in grooves 8, the dovvn-turned knife edges 15 to hold'the fasteners straight and to keep,

them frombeing bent downward either ac# biting into the wood, as already pointedout,

cidentally or when the nails are Ibeing driven. The. provisions of a means, such as y the feet 11, forsupporting the fasteners from the sub-flooring so as to positively position them is one important .feature of my construction for by. this means the fasi teners are all held straightso that when. the

`next board is putin position no difficulty is experienced in fittingitsgrooves onto the outwardlyprojecting llanges of the fasteners. y Y l v l ceding board, and the boards being drawn Y together by driving the nails at an angle as board;

v 5/8v inches.

is well understood. Since thefboards are alike on both edges, there being no tongue edge, it will be seen that'there is no right and leftv hand to aboard. This means that inlaying; a floor with boards embodying my invention there will be less waste in matchingv gra-in, in cutting initred joints and in ripping boards. This results also in. ay saving. in labor. Y

Affurtheradvantage of my invention is thatiini-laying a fioor, the floor may be' started in thez-middle or at" any point and laidin both, directions.. This is ofA advantage in that it insures that both sides `ofthe Hoor will be completed in a: similar manner;

@ne of the troubles experienced with tongue and groove flooring is that a nail driven through the tongue too close to the end? of the boardl will split the tongue from the body, which results, frequently, in a' loose end't'o theboard.- VBy. my.v invention, this is auoidedaTlieendsfof the boards can be firmly fastened. downzby fasteners located directly atthe ends. Also,fat abutted joints, fastener may beflocated to bridgethe joint ortwo fasteners may be located at the joint one on;eachside thus firmly holding down the boandendsand doing away with any necessity for putting a tongue and groove in the-ends, a thing sometimes done in orderv toinsure freedoni'rfroin loose boardends.

Thel useof myy invention results also in the savingaof aV substantial amount of wood. The usualitongue and Ygroove board. isV about onethird` the thickness of the board, which leaves'less than onefthird forfinishing and refinishing. l without reducing the upper side of the groove'to a. dangerousthinness. By my invention. the thickness of the tongue used'zbecomes almost negligible so that the grooves :may bemade correspondingly narrower, thusprovidinga greater thickness of board. above the groove. If the upper. section' and' the lower sectionof the board'are leftf-the saineas a regular'- tongue'and groove board, the thickness of; the board may be reduced: materially andv still provide a board equivalent to a.V regular tongue and groove For example, inthe case of a. 13 /16 inch-board, thethickness may be'reduced to Also, a substantial saving results inthe eliniinationiof the usual tongue. Floor.; boards are made narrow to' reduce the shrinkageof` individualboards so as to yavoid cracks opening up in the laid floor. In theY 'case` offA Ynarrow fiooring, the percentage of wastefdue to forming thetongue isxlarge and becomes a limiting factor in making narrow boards. For example, in a twoinch face board tliewaste due to the tongue is about sixteen per cent. By the elimination of the tongue and by making the board thinner after the manner pointed out above, I ani enabled to effect a total saving in lumber of the order of thirty per cent by the use of my invention; v l

rhe fasteners or grips may be made in various forms, either from sheet material 'or castings. in Fig. i I have showna modification wherein the fastener isfornicd i from a flat sheet suitably slottedand bent to provide the feet 20 and the flanges 2l,

leaving thetop portion 22 having the central depression 23 in which the nail hole is formed. In feet 2O are the slots'i: vfor .the nails.V

The ends are downturned and sharpened as is indicated at 25 to provide i by Letters Patentk of the United States, is zl. The combination with a boaid having a. groove and a cut-away portion below the groove, of a fastener having a 2 top` wall which provides aflangewhich fits into the groove and a supporting means for the flange, said top wall and supporting means being provided' kwith'openings to direct a nail'in an angular direction, andr said cutaway portion being atan angle suchrthat a nail; extending at an angle through the openings does not i the board; v

2. The combination with adjacent boards having opposededge grooves and cut-away portions below the grooves, of fasteners between the'boards havingY a top wall which provides fianges located in' said grooves and supporting ymeans foi` the flanges,y -saidtop wall, and supporting means 'being' provided with openings to direct-a nail in an angular pass through the material of direction, and nails which extend at anangle through. said openingsffor anchoring. the fasteners in position.

3. A fastener for use in anchoring aboard to a supporting board, said fastener comprising a flange adapted to engage a groove in the first-.named board and transversely Y to engage said supporting board, said top f wall and yfoot being provided with holes for directing a nail at an porting board. y

5. A fastener' for the purpose stated, coniprising a top wall, anges projecting from each side of the top wall,I and supporting feet depending from the top wall, said top wall and feet being provided with openings for directing a nail.

6. A fastener-for the purpose stated, coluprising a top wall, flanges projccting'vfroin each side of the top wall, and supporting means depending from the top wall, said top wall and supporting means being provided with openings for directing a nail. n

7. A fastener comprising a top wall having a depression and an opening through the wall of the depression, flanges projecting from the top wall, and supporting feet,said feet being provided withopenings adapted to co-operate with the first-named opening for directing a nail.

8. Aboard having an undercut portion along each edge below the face of the board5 angle into the supand a groove along each edge, whereby when two such boards are placed edge to edge there is provided a space beneath the face of the boards to receive a fastener, the lower edge of the undercut portion extending at an angle such that a nail driven through a fastener will not pass through the material of the board.

9. A flooring comprising boardsV having grooves in each edge and fasteners anchoring the boardsI in place, said fasteners comprislng'top walls having flanges which he in said grooves andl depending supportingl feet, said top .wall and feet being provided with openings which serve to direct a nail angular-ly7 and nails extending throughsaid openings.V

-l0. A fastener for use in anchoring a provided with an angularly extending sharpened edge. Y

ll. The combination with a board having a groove and a-cut away portion below the groove7 ofa' fastener having a flange which `lits into the groove and a supporting foot for the ila-nge, said cut away portion beingA at an angle such that a nail extending at an angle through the fastener does not pass `through the material of the board, and said flange being provided with an angnlarly extending edge which bites into the material of the board yto hold the board againstl end` wise movement.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set iny hand this 9th day of June, 1928.

. ARTHUR R. SMITH.

US1714738A 1928-06-11 1928-06-11 Flooring and the like Expired - Lifetime US1714738A (en)

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Cited By (92)

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US2900677A (en) * 1954-08-11 1959-08-25 Georgia Pacific Plywood Compan Board securing means
US3388518A (en) * 1967-01-19 1968-06-18 Elwin G Smith & Co Inc Curtain wall assembly clip
US4170859A (en) * 1977-10-14 1979-10-16 James Counihan Composite structure and assembly joint for a floor system
US5953878A (en) * 1997-06-06 1999-09-21 S.S.D. Control Technology, Inc. Polyvinyl deck
EP0999320A3 (en) * 1998-11-05 2000-08-23 Eberle, Harry W., III Anchoring biscuit device
US6484467B2 (en) * 2000-04-08 2002-11-26 Brian Richard Crout Timber decking
US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6510665B2 (en) 2000-01-24 2003-01-28 Valinge Aluminum Ab Locking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US6532709B2 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-03-18 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system and flooring board
US20030101674A1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2003-06-05 Darko Pervan Flooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US20040016196A1 (en) * 2002-04-15 2004-01-29 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floating floor
US20040035078A1 (en) * 2002-03-20 2004-02-26 Darko Pervan Floorboards with decorative grooves
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6715253B2 (en) 2000-04-10 2004-04-06 Valinge Aluminium Ab Locking system for floorboards
US20040139678A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2004-07-22 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US20040144056A1 (en) * 2003-01-27 2004-07-29 Dayton Technologies, L.L.C. Deck plank and method of production
US6769218B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-08-03 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboard and locking system therefor
US6830405B2 (en) * 2000-05-29 2004-12-14 Nichiha Corporation Fastening member
US6851241B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2005-02-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab Floorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US20050028469A1 (en) * 2003-08-05 2005-02-10 Martin Grohman Grooved decking board
US20050028473A1 (en) * 2003-08-05 2005-02-10 Martin Grohman Hidden deck fastener system
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
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US8003168B2 (en) 2003-09-06 2011-08-23 Kronotec Ag Method for sealing a building panel
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US8061104B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2011-11-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US20110314765A1 (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-12-29 Omg, Inc. Hidden fastener formed in situ during attachment of sheathing onto a support member
US8176698B2 (en) 2003-10-11 2012-05-15 Kronotec Ag Panel
US8215078B2 (en) 2005-02-15 2012-07-10 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Building panel with compressed edges and method of making same
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US20130104493A1 (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-02 Brian Keith Orchard Clip device for attaching structural member to a supporting structure
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US8475871B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2013-07-02 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Building board and method for production
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US9360036B2 (en) 2013-03-29 2016-06-07 Stanley Fastening Systems, L.P. Fastener assembly
US9365028B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2016-06-14 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Method for finishing a building board and building board
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US9637934B2 (en) 2009-11-25 2017-05-02 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Gangable composite deck clip
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Cited By (243)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2900677A (en) * 1954-08-11 1959-08-25 Georgia Pacific Plywood Compan Board securing means
US3388518A (en) * 1967-01-19 1968-06-18 Elwin G Smith & Co Inc Curtain wall assembly clip
US4170859A (en) * 1977-10-14 1979-10-16 James Counihan Composite structure and assembly joint for a floor system
US20020178682A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US7086205B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2006-08-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for joining building panels
US7775007B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-08-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20050166502A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2005-08-04 Valinge Aluminium Ab. Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20020178673A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2002-12-05 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US7823359B2 (en) 1993-05-10 2010-11-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US6516579B1 (en) 1993-05-10 2003-02-11 Tony Pervan System for joining building boards
US20060283127A1 (en) * 1993-05-10 2006-12-21 Valinge Innovation Ab Floor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US7121059B2 (en) 1994-04-29 2006-10-17 Valinge Innovation Ab System for joining building panels
US20030196405A1 (en) * 1994-04-29 2003-10-23 Tony Pervan System for joining building panels
US6606834B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-08-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6588166B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2003-07-08 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20060248836A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2006-11-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7131242B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2006-11-07 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040035077A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-02-26 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7497058B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2009-03-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8402709B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2013-03-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20040221537A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2004-11-11 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20090038253A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2009-02-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6880305B2 (en) 1995-05-17 2005-04-19 Valinge Aluminium Ab Metal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US20060254184A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637066B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
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